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A New Hampshire Magazine 


History, Biography, Literature 
and State Progress 








The Rumford Press 

t 69900-1 

The Granite Monthly 



Old Series, Volume XL11I 
New Series, Volume VI 


Aibin, -John Henry, by H. C. Pearson, 289 

Among the Legislators of 1911 : 39 

Bass, Gov. Robert P . . . .' 35 

Becky's Sake, For, by Henry Jacob Krier 11-1 

Bluestocking Queens of the Eighteenth Century, by Fred Myron Colby. 22 

Bradley, Hannah, by Asa Mayo Bradley 315 

Carpenter, Hon. Charles H : 1 

Chantecler— An Interpretation, by Lila Taylor 2S 

Colonial Times, The Supremacy of Populai Liberty in, by Rev. J. M. Durrell 337 

Cros-, Judge David, by H. C. Pearson. 225 

Dover High School, The Old, by John B. Stevens .. .' ' . ' 333 

Dover Landing, The Old Plaits Block on, by Lydia A. Stevens. 17 

Doubtful Claim, A 185 

Dustin, Hannah, of Haverhill, by E. W. B. Taylor. 177 

Editor and Publisher's Notes , 32, 96, 12S, 160, 192, 224, 2SS, 320, 352, 383 

Early Life in a New Hampshire Town, by Charles C. Hardy 347 

Eastman, Edson C, by H. H. Metcalf /. 99 

Eastman, Hon. Edwin G., by H. C. Pearson 353 

Eastmans,' Wills of Early English, by Charles 11. Eastman 312 

Great Tornado of 1821, The, by Fred W. Lamb ." 357 

Ball, Col. Daniel, by H. C. Pearson 321 

Hampton, History of the Congregational Church in, by Rev. J. A. Ross ./ 142 

Important Historical Event, An — Newport Anniversary 233 

In the Lecture Field 186 

Interesting Historical Event, An, by II. Id. Metcalf 199 

Ides of Shoals, The, by J. M. Moses '. 284 

Kimball^ Hon. Benjauy#. v Ames, by H. C. Pearson 101 

Marlow Anniversary, by Hon. Alfred F. Howard . 293 

Mexico, Old and New, by John C. Thome \ '". 131 

Monarch of the North, The, by Harry V. Lawrence 367 

New Federation President, The 156 

New Hampshire Country Homes 129 

New Hampshire Historical Society and Its New Home, The. . . .' 327 

New Hampshire, Leaders of, by H. C. Pearson 161, 193, 225, 289, 321, 353 

Newport, An Important Historical Event 233 

Old Bow Meeting house, The, by Giles Wheeler 189 

Old Chairs, by Annette R. Cressy 374 

Old Platts Block on Dover Landing, The, by Lydia A. Stevens 17 

Reminiscences of Early Life in New England, by John Bachelder 90 

Revolt of New Hampshire, The, by Elbridge Drew Hadley 277 

Schooner Glendon, Wreck of, by Harry V. Lawrence 103 

Sixteenth Century Eastman Will, A, by Charles R. Eastman . . 372 


iv Content* 


Smith, Hon. John Butler, by H. C. Pearson • 193 

Spring Tryst ing Places, by Florence A. D. McKenzie ■ 122 

Standing Order Meeting Hoibc, The, by Joseph. 13. Walker 5 

"The Hilltop," by Edgar Sherman Hathorne 84 

Unforgiven Puritan, An, by Victor C. Sanborn 73, 107 

Webster, Daniel, by Gerry W, Hazelton 168 

Whipple, William, by Joseph Foster 205 

Williams, John, by Lydia A. Stevens 150 

Woodward, Nellie F., The New Federation President 156 

New Hampshire Necrology 31, 93, 125, 158, 192, 222, 2S7, 351, 379 

Adams, Gen. George H 3S0 

Arnold, Ralph A ' 31 

Bailey, Prof. Mark 233 

Berry, Hon, Charles P '." 223 

Blair, Dr. Arthur W * 96 

Bradley. .Arthur C 379 

Brigham, Silas H. . 127 

Brown, Samuel N : 287 

Burlev, Harrison G 381 

Gate, Hon. George W 2S7 

Chadwick, Col. .Alfred M 351 

Christie, Morris, M. D ." 223 

Collis, Marcus M . 3S1 

Cook, Edmund S 287 

Cooper, Capt. John B 15S 

Curl, Rev. George M 319 

Danforth, Mary A . _ 222 

Davi?, Hon. George G 31 

Dearborn, J. Henry 15S 

Dearborn, Rev. William H., D.D , 160 

Dolbeer, John H S 351 

Dow, Hiram Harvey 95 

Dow, Wallace L. . 288 

Durham, William R. t M.D ' 159 

Eastman, Thomas Crosby 125 

Emerson, Moses F 127 

Faunce, Rev. Daniel W., D.D . . 31 

Fifield, Hon. George W 126 

Foss, Sam Walter 126 

Gallinger, Ralph E., M.D 287 

Hall, Albert L 288 

Howe, Hoh. Charles E 287 

Jones, Jeremiah 380 

Kittredge, Hon. Alfred Beard • 1-59 

Knowles-Haskell, Ella Louise 94 

Lane, Rev. John W 159 

Lathrop, Moses C, M.D ; 352 

Lewis, Col. Edwin C ...- Sol 

Lovering, Hon. Henry B 222 

Marsh, Charles E. .."... 352 

McFarland, Mai. Henry 192 

McLane, Hon. John 125 

Metcalf, Col. Albert W. - 158 

Contents v 


New Hampshire Necrology — Continued: . 

Xeaiiey, Hon. Benjamin F 127 

Nims, Col. Ormond F v . . 222 

Page, Dr. Frank W 319 

Pearson, Hon. John C 319 

Pearson, Robert H 31 

Pill-bury, Col. William S 381 

Priest, Rev. Frederic C, D.I) 1G0 

Prince, James H 351 

Reed, Clara Whitman, M.D 159 

Richardson, Hon. James B 351 

Rumen', Aldo M 158 

Runels, Hon. George 222 

Smith, Wilbur F . . •. 224 

Stearns, Wilbur C. . . A 15S 

Thompson , Denman , 128 

Tuttle, Hon. Hiram A ' 93 

Swaine, Mrs. C. Jennie 94 

Walker, Thomas J 31 

Weeks, William B 96 

White, Rev. William One 127 

Whitteinoie William L 223 

Wilber, Dr. George F 94 

Wyatt, Maj, Otis C *. 320 


After a While, by Maude Gordon Roby 283 

Angel Hards, by Cyrus A. Stone 220 

Au Revoir, by Stewart E. Row e 2S6 

Autumn, by Frances M. Pray 311 

Ballad of the Pennon, The, by Lucy Mayo Warner. 119 

Battle-Field, The, by L. J. H. Frost 15 

Bonny Green for Me, The, by Frederick Myron Colby 155 

Closing Year, The, by Margaret Quimby 366 

Comparison, by Georgiana Rogers < 176 

Courting by the Clock, by Mary Rolofsoh 318 

Deserted House, The, by Ray Laurance 203 

Don't You Worry, by Emily E. Coe 27 

Drowned Sailor, The, by Williarn Wilson S9 

Elizabeth, by Stewart Everett Rowe 377 

Epigram, by Bela Chapin 123 

Florida, Fair Florida, by Fred Myron Colby ■ 356 

Friendship, by Georgiana Rogers : 275 

Hall of Fame, The, by Clarence E. Carr 345 

Harpers Fhear at Sunset, The, by Rev. Raymond H. Huse 376 

Human Kindness, by L. J. H. Frost 72 

Hurd, Charles E. by James Riley 276 

Hush a Bye Song, A, by Maude Gordon Roby 311 

Inebriate's Prayer, The, by L. J. H. Frost 221 

Life, by Maude Gordon Roby 187 

Long Ago, by George Warren Parker . 371 

Lost Note, A, by Moses Gage Shirley \ 183 

Love's Light, by Moses Gage Shirley 89 

vi Contents 


Memories, by William Wilson ■ 19S 

Mosquitoes, The. by Georgians Rogers 141 

New Hampshire, Hymn to, by Maude Gordon Roby 106 

October, by Eva Beede Odell. 292 

Old Man of the Mountain,. The, by Reginald F. Ghutter 314 

Our Granite State, by George Warren Parker ". 231 

Pilgrims, Two, by II. J. Krier -. 332 

Point of View, The, by Georgiana Rogers 21 

Questionings, by L. J J H. Frost : 336 

Shipwreck, The, by William Wilson 149 

Snap-Shot Sportsman, The, by William Wilson , . . 332 

Soldiers' Graves by Bela Chapin . . . ." .* 155 

Solitude, by Frank Monroe Beverly 30 

Songs my Mother Sung, The, by Frederick Myron Colby 167 

Summer Shower, A, by Hannah B. Merriam - 219 

Sunapee, Little Maid of, by Moses Gage Shirley 220 

Though Poor, by Frank Monroe Beverly 365 

To the Merrimack, by Martha C. Abbott ....... 101 

When Comes the Last, by Stewart Everett Rowe 113 

When I Am Dead, by L. J. H. Frost . 157 

White, Armenia S., To - 326 

Why, by Stewart Everett Rowe 130 

.Why Kick, by Georgiana Rogers 325 

Ye Olde Meetinge House, by P. L. F 72 

4 N \ i k 



A New Hampshire Magazine 

Devoted to History, Biography, Lr>~- 

*-» .««» <1 ... inL4c. srk.-iir t 





" r 7 



Hon. Charles II. Carpenter . . . . . 


The Standing Order Meeting House . . • 

By Joseph B. Walker. Illustrated, 

The Old Platts Block on Dover Landing . . . 

*£». 3 »y Lydia A . Stevens. Illustrated. 

Bluestocking Queens of the Eighteenth Century . 

By Fred Myron Colby. 

Chantecler— An Interpretation . . . • • • 

By Lila Taylor. 

New Hampshire Necrology . . 

Editor and Publishers Notes . • . • • 

Poems ,.....•••••■ 

By L. H. J. Frost, Georgiana Rogers. Emily E. Cole, Frank Monroe Beverly. 















Issued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF. Editor and Manager 

* : 

TERMS: $1.00 per annum, in advance; $1.50 if not paid in advance. Single copies, \l cent 

CONCORD, N. H. f 1910 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 

•' :...'$*". ■'..■' a?:,--.-,Yk(ir- «•*;■ ,. ■-. 



k I 


The Granite Monthly 

Vol. XLIII, No. 1 

JANUARY, 1911 New Series, Vol. 6, No. 1 


A Representative Citizen of the Old Granite State 

On the thirtieth day of November 
last, in the town of Chichester, came 
the end of a career, notable alike for 
length of days, earnest purpose, per- 
sistent effort and a high measure of 
success, judged by all ordinary stand- 
ards. On that day Charles H. Car- 
penter, a native and life-long resident 
of the town, approaching the close of 
his ninety-second year, closed his 
earthly account and passed on to the 
higher life. For over half a century he 
had been a leading citizen of the town, 
prominent in county affairs, and 
known and esteemed in many circles 
throughout the state. 

The Carpenter name is one of the 
oldest and most honorable in English 
and American annals. It has been 
borne by those whose lives have been 
conspicuous in the history of our own 
and other states in many generations, 
and is traced back in the English 
archives to John Carpenter, who was 
a member of Parliament in 1323, and 
was the grandfather of the famous 
town clerk of London of the same 
name. The progenitor of that branch 
of the family in America to which 
Charles H. Carpenter belonged was 
William Carpenter, born in 1605, who 
came with his wife, Abigail, and 
several children, from Wherwell, near 
Surry, England, in the good ship 
Bevis, which sailed with sixty-one 
passengers from Southampton, in 
1038, and who settled in Weymouth, 

Mass., where he was made a 'Tree- 
man" in 1640, and chosen a represent- 
ative in the provincial legislature in 
1641. He was also " Proprietors' 
Clerk" and manifestly a leading man 
of the town ; but removed to Rehoboth 
in 1645, where he died February 7, 
1659. He was prominent in the 
affairs of the latter town, and was a 
captain of militia, enjoying the close 
friendship and confidence of Governor 

John Carpenter, of the fourth gen- 
eration from William of Rehoboth, 
the Puritan ancestor, lived in Staf- 
ford, Conn., where he reared eleven 
children. Of these, Josiah, the fifth, 
was born in October, 1762, and grad- 
uated from. Dartmouth College in 1787. 
He studied for the gospel ministry 
and was ordained over the Congre- 
gational church in the town of Chi- 
chester, November 2, 1791, being the 
town's first settled minister, although 
there had been occasional preaching 
in town in previous years. l This pas- 

^he terms of settlement, arranged be- 
tween Mr. Carpenter and the town, were 
substantially as follows: His salary for the 
first year was to be fifty pounds, increasing 
yearly by five pounds till the amount of 
sixty-five pounds was reached, this amount to 
constitute his annual salary thereafter, — the 
same to be paid yearly, one -third in specie 
computing six shillings to the dollar; the 
other two thirds in beef, pork, com and grain, 
at the following rates: Good grass fed beef at 
seventeen shillings nine pence per hundred 
pounds; stall fed beef at twenty-five shillings 

The Granite Monthly 

torate, the longest in the history of 
the church in Chichester, and one of 
the most notable in the country, both 
in duration and in its beneficial re- 
sults, continued for thirty-six years, 
until Mr. Carpenter's dismissal at his 
own request, July 24, 1827, when, 
after the passage of the "toleration 
act/ 7 so called, the relations between 
town and church had practically 
ended, and other denominations had 
come in to divide popular support 
with the "standing order/' rendering 
it difficult, in this as in many other 
towns of the state, for the church to 
meet its obligations. 

The Rev. Mr. Carpenter continued 
his residence in the town where his 
life labor had been performed, and 
his family had been reared, until his 
decease, March 1, 1851. His career, 
which in early youth had been char- 
acterized by patriotic service in his 
country's cause (he having performed 
sentinel duty, on Roxbury Neck, with 
three brothers, one of whom was killed) 
and through the years of vigorous 
manhood by devotion to the interests 
of morality and religion, as well as the 
demands of true citizenship and the 
obligations of the family and home, 
left a lasting impress upon the com- 
munity. He had married, April 13, 
1790, Hannah Morrill of Canterbury, 
also the representative of a family 
notable in the life of the state, by 
whom he had six children, the second 

per hundred; pork, weighing from nine to 
twelve score, four pence per pound; from 
twelve score upwards five pence per pound; 
corn three shillings per bushel, ry e f° ur shil- 
lings and wheat at six shillings per bushel. It 
was also agreed that until the parsonage lot 
should be cleared and put in condition to 
produce grass sufficient to winter and summer 
two cows, one horse and six sheep, the town 
should furnish Mr. Carpenter, annually, six 
tons of good English hay, and pasturing 
sufficient and convenient for the above stock. 
Then he was to cultivate the parsonage lot 
•himself and have all the income. It was 
also agreed to deliver him, annually, at his 
house, twenty-five cords of good birch wood; 
also to give him boards, shingles and clap- 
boards to the amount of fifteen pounds, and 
labor to the amount of forty pounds., toward 
building him a house. 

of whom — David Morrill Carpenter, 
born in Chichester, November 16, 
1793, marriedMary Perkins of Loudon, 
January 13, 1818. He was a soldier 
in the War of 1812, a merchant in 
Chichester for many years, subse- 
quently removing to a farm in that 
town, and, later, to the City of Con- 
cord.where, he died, December 9, 1873. 
He held various town and county 
offices, including that of treasurer of 
Merrimack County for twelve years, 
and was a director of the Meehanieks 
Bank and a trustee of Merrimack 
County Savings Bank. 

Charles Hodgdon Carpenter was 
born in Chichester, December 18, 
1818. When about ten years of age 
his parents removed to a farm and 
the greater portion of his time, until 
he attained his majority was devoted 
to farm labor, though he secured such 
education as the common school 
afforded, supplemented by some aca- 
demical training, and for several 
winters, commencing when eighteen 
years of age, engaged in teaching. 
He also took a strong interest in 
military affairs, and at nineteen years 
received a lieutenant's commission. 
Subsequently promoted to a captaincy 
he was instrumental in having his 
company provided with uniforms — 
something unusual in those days — so 
that it became the special pride of 
the regiment — the Thirty-eighth. 

Shortly after coming of age, Mr. 
Carpenter was called by his maternal 
uncle, Jacob Perkins, one of Chiches- 
ter's most successful farmers, to assist 
him in the management of his large 
farm and the conduct of the extensive 
business w r hich he had built up in the 
purchase and marketing of cattle, and 
from this time his home was at the 
Perkins place, which eventually passed 
into his possession, he having mar- 
ried, October 28, 1841, Joanna Max- 
field, the adopted daughter of his 
uncle. In the management of this 
great farm, one of the largest and 
best in the county, and in the cattle 
buying industry, which took him on 
frequent trips through Northern New 

Hon. Charles 11. Carpenter 


Hampshire and Vermont, and then 
down the valley to market at Brighton 
— work testing and developing both 
his physical power and endurance and 
his business judgment and acumen- - 
Mr. Carpenter passed the years of his 
early manhood, till, in 1851, upon the 
organization of the Pittsfield Bank, 
lie was chosen cashier of that institu- 
tion, and gave his attention for about 
five years to the duties of the position; 
but, on account of the failure of his 
uncle's health, which rendered it 
necessary for him to assume entire 

agricultural societies, in both of which 
he was interested. The home farm 
embraces about 700 acres of land in a 
compact body, and the estate includes, 
also, about 1.000 acres of outlying pas- 
ture, and woodland. The buildings are 
of substantial, commodious and con- 
venient type and the location one of the 
most attractive in the region, com- 
manding a splendid view of the Sun- 
cook valley and adj acent hills. It may 
be appropriately added in this connec- 
tion that few Xew Hampshire homes 
have been noted for a more generous 




V, .... 

' it „w«: *. 

Residence of Charles II. Carpenter, Chichester 

responsibility for the farm manage- 
ment, at the end of that period he 
resigned as cashier and devoted his 
attention in the main to agricultural 
operations, though his interest in the 
bank continued and his active connec- 
tion therewith ceased only with his 
death, he having served as a director, 
and as president from 1870. 

He was for many years noted for 
faismg fine cattle from a cross of the 
Devon and Durham breeds, and he 
'-'mtributed largely to the successful 
exhibitions of the state and county had 

hospitality than that of Charles H. 
Carpenter of Chichester. 

Aside from his other work, Mr. 
Carpenter was long extensively en- 
gaged in the lumber business, buying 
timber lots and manufacturing and 
selling lumber. In addition to his 
banking interests in Pittsfield, which 
included not only his connection with 
the Pittsfield National Bank, reorgan- 
ized from the original Pittsfield Bank 
and the Farmer's Savings Bank, 
of which he . was a trustee, he 
large real estate interests in 

The Granite Monthly 

the village, and was a promoter of, 
and large stockholder in, the Pitts- 
field Aqueduct Company. He was 
also a leading spirit in promoting the 
construction of the Suncook Valley 
Railroad, and was from the start, a 
director of the corporation, contrib- 
uting, also, handsomely from his own 
means, toward the building of the 
road. He was, also, a large stock- 
holder in the Concord <fc Montreal 
R. R., and a prominent figure for 
years in the annual meetings of the 
corporation. The Merchant's Na- 
tional Bank of Dover was established 
a few years since largely through his 
instrumentality, and he was president 
of the same till his decease, his grand- 
son, Charles Carpenter Goss, being 
the cashier. 

In politics, Mr. Carpenter was, 
throughout his life, a Democrat of the 
stalwart type, schooled in the prin- 
ciples of Jefferson and Jackson; but he 
never sought public office at his party's 
hands. He served, however, two 
terms in the New Hampshire legis- 
lature as a representative from Chi- 
chester— in 1855 and 1856— being dur- 
ing the latter session a member of 
the Committee on Banks, of which 
the late Gen. A. F. Stevens of Nashua 
was chairman. Among his associates 
in legislative service were the late 
James W. Emery of Portsmouth, 
Daniel M. Christie of Dover. Joel 
Eastman of Conway, G. W. M. Pit- 
man of Bartlett, Mason W. Tappan 
of Bradford, E. H. Rollins and H. A. 
Bellows of Concord, Lewis W. Clark 
of Pittsfield, William H. Gove of 
Weare, Daniel Clark and David Cross 
of Manchester, Thomas M. Edwards 
of Keene, Jonathan Kittredge of 
Canaan, John L. Rix of Haverhill and 
Jacob Benton of Lancaster, of whom 
Judge Cross of Manchester is now the 
sole survivor. 

During the Civil War, he was an 
ardent supporter of the Union cause, 
and for most of the time while it was 
in progress he was conspicuous in the 
management of the town's affairs, as 
chairman of the board of selectmen, 
looking after the filling of quotas, the 

raising and payment of bounties and 
the general conduct of business in 
which he displayed rare judgment and 
financial ability of high order. In 
1904, although more than 85 years of 
age, he attended the National Dem- 
ocratic Convention at St. Louis, as the 
guest of the New Hampshire delega- 
tion, where he commanded general 
attention and respect as a represen- 
tative of the old-time New England 
Democracy of the days of Isaac Hill 
and Franklin Pierce, and was accorded 
a seat on the platform during the 
sessions, as a mark of special honor. 

Mr. Carpenter was an active and 
leading member of the Congrega- 
tional church and society of Chiches- 
ter, throughout his life; and was a lib- 
eral supporter of, and constant atten- 
dant upon, divine worship, finding in 
the plain, simple service of the country 
church the strongest agency for the 
promotion of social and moral prog- 
ress in the community. 

His wife, and faithful helpmeet for 
more than forty years, died July 5, 
1882, leaving five children: John T., 
a farmer of Chichester, Mary J., 
who was educated for a teacher, and 
for some time followed the vocation, 
but assumed care of the home upon 
her mother's death; Electa A,, who 
married the late John A. Goss, long 
cashier of the Pittsfield National 
Bank, and since his death, eight years 
ago, has successfully performed the 
duties of that position; Sallie P., 
who w r as also educated for a teacher, 
graduating at Abbott Seminary, And- 
over, for some time pursued her 
calling with success, and has since 
travelled with her sister extensively 
in her own and foreign countries, and 
Clara A., who is the wife of Nathaniel 
M. Batchelder of Pittsfield. He is 
also survived by two brothers, Josiah 
and Frank P. Carpenter of Manches- 
ter, and two sisters, Mrs. S. C. Merrill 
of Paterson, N. J., and Mrs. James 
TV. Webster of Maiden, Mass. 

Besides his children, Mr. Car- 
penter leaves five grandsons, the old- 
est being Col. Charles Carpenter Goss, 
cashier of the Merchant's National 

The Standing Order Meeting House 

Bank of Dover and a member of the 
staff of Gov. Henry B. Quinby; one 
grand-daughter and four great grand- 

Endowed with a commanding pres- 
ence,, great physical vigor, a strong 
mind, sound judgment and rare busi- 
ness sagacity, Mr. Carpenter exerted 
a stronger and wider influence in the 
community than falls to the lot of 

most citizens to command, and was a 
leader among his fellows for a period 
longer than the average duration of 
human life. He was a splendid repre- 
sentative of that sturdy type of man- 
hood which characterized our Xew 
England life a half century ago and 
more, but is now all too rare for the 
general good. 


By Joseph B. Walker 


The early settlers of Xew England 
were largely a religious people, who, 
before coming to this country, had 
been church members and designated 
Independents. Here, however, they 
soon assumed the name, Congrega- 
tionalisms, a name less suggestive of 
division and more so of union. It 
has been intimated by an able writer 
that this change may have been made 
at the instigation of the Rev. John 
Cotton, the minister of the First 
Church in Boston. 1 


One of the earliest acts of the 
settlers of a New England town was 
the organization of a church. Capt. 
Edward Johnson, in his " Wonder 
Y5 orking Providence of Sions' Saviour 
in Xew England," first published 
in 1654, says that there were then in 
Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, 
Maine and Xew Hampshire, forty- 
three organized churches. Four of 
these were in the latter province, 
each of the towns of Portsmouth, 
Dover, Hampton and Exeter having 
one. 2 

Not sharply discriminating as to 
doctrines, their members accepted 
the confession of faith subsequent lv 
approved by the Synod held at 
Boston in 1080. This was in sub- 
stantial accord with the teachings 
w the Westminster Assembly's 

>Jrfciri*^ i y k ' «? f Congregationalism, p. 214. 
Mamoa * v > on Work. Pro*. Andover Ed., p. 246, note. 

Shorter Catechism. These the}' sin- 
cerely accepted and sought to live 
lives in conformity thereto. As a 
result, they were sober, pious, strong 
and thrifty. 

As the colonies abutting upon the 
sea and Long Island Sound became 
peopled, large numbers of the de- 
scendants of the earlier generations 
who had settled in Massachusetts 
and Connecticut moved inland and 
founded new towns and obtained 
new homes therein. 

These possessed the characteristics 
of the ancestors and, in organizing 
their new municipalities and homes, 
they largely followed lines with which 
they were familiar. As already 
stated, one of the first institutions 
to be established was the church. 
This was of the type of those already 
existing in the older towns. For a 
century and more, this bore no 
denominational name, and it was 
called "The Church/' or "The 
Church of Christ;" and to particu- 
larize it, when necessary, to this 
designation was appended the name 
of its location. 

In 1730, there were about twenty 
such churches in New Hampshire; 
two on the west bank of Merrimack 
"River, one at Dunstable (now 
Xashua), and one at Penny Cook 
(now Concord); while the rest were 
to be found at different points in the 

The Granite Monthly 

south eastern section of the province. 
To these, supported by a tax upon 
the polls and estates of the people, 
was given by legal implication and 
general consent, the appellation of 
"The Standing Order," a name which 
they continuously bore until the 
passage of the Toleration Act, so 
called in 1819. 

The support of religion was made 
a town purpose by statute. The 
ministers were chosen by the legal 
voters of the towns in which they 
were to serve and were as much 
town officials as the selectmen. For 
more than a hundred years legal 
provision was made for their support 
by their respective town governments, 
in accordance with a law of the 
Provincial Assembly passed in 1693; 
whereby it was "Enacted-. . . . 
that it shall and may be Lawful for 
the freeholders, of Every respective 
Towne Convened, in Public Towne 
Meeting; as often as they shall see 
occasion to make Choice of, & by 
themselves, or any other Person or 
Persons by them appointed, to agree 
with a Minister or Ministers for the 
Supply of the Towne. And what 
Annual Sallery Shall be allowed him 
<fe the Minister so made Choice of, 
and agreed with, shall be accounted 
the Settled Minister of the Towne; 
and the Selectmen for the time being 
shall make rates and Assesnrts upon 
the Inhabitants of the Towne for the 
paym't of the Min'ters Sallery as 
afores'd, in such Mannr & as 
They doe for Defreying of other 
Towne Charges." 1 

And these resolute, hard-working 
ministers were deserving of the main- 
tenance thus afforded them. During 
parts of the period we are now con- 
sidering theirs was not only an ardu- 
ous but a perilous service. Yet 
neither the Frenchmen, the war- 
whoop of the Indian or the red coats 
of British soldiers intimidated them. 
They believed the gospel of the New 
Testament and the gospel of civil 
liberty, also. They held the truth as 
they saw it, and by their unanimity 

l Lawa of N. H., Pror. Period, 1696-1723, p. 560. 

deferred, until after the Revolution, 
the sectarian strife which was next in 
order, as an era in religious evolu- 
tion. It may be said of them, as of 
the late Nathaniel Bouton said in 1S30 
of his earliest predecessor in the pas- 
torate of the First. Congregational 
Church in Concord, that they "were 
not discriminating as to doctrines, 
but insisted chiefly on the duties of 
practical religion." 

It is to the honor of the ancient 
churches of the Standing Order that 
they placed strong and well-educated 
men in their pulpits. Of the fifteen 
settled ministers in New Hampshire 
in 1730, all were graduates of Har- 
vard College. Their names, years of 
graduation, places of settlement and 
periods of pastoral service appear in 
the following table: 

Names. ' Gradua- 



Har. Col. 


1703 Hampton. ... 


mOXewington .. . 
16S4Portsmouth . . 





1694Portsmouth . . 


1720Hamptcn Fails 



17 Afi- 175-4 

Math 1 Gookin 

William Alien 

Vv iliiara Shurtliff .. . 
Joseph Adams 


Jon3. Gushing 

Henry Rust 

Nath 1 Prentice 

Hugh Adams 

Jabez Fitch 

Nath 1 Morrill 


Joseph Whipple 

Timothy Walker 




Inasmuch as the maintenance of a 
church made indispensable a suit- 
able house in which to conduct its 
services, the law of 1693, just quoted, 
"Further enacted and ordained that 
for the building & repayring of 
Meeting houses, Ministers houses, 
School houses, and allowing a Sallary 
to a, School Master in Each Town 
within this Province, the Selectmen in 
the respective Towns shall raise money 
by an Equable rate, and Assessment 
upon the Inhabitants in the Same 
maner as in this present act directed 
for the Maintenance of the minister." 2 

s Lawa of N. H.. Prov. Period, p. 561. 

The Standing Order Meeting House 

Most of the town charters also 
made obligatory the early erection of 
"convenient houses for the public 
worship of God." In the Plantation 
of Penny Cook (now Concord) the 
meeting house was the first perma- 
nent structure erected in the town- 
ship. In some instances, their erec- 
tion was delayed for a time. Such 
was the case at Tarn worth where, in 
1792, for the want of a suitable build- 
ing the Rev. Samuel Hidden was 
installed in his sacred office in a grove. 
A great rock still shown, furnished 
the platform upon which the rever- 


The term meeting house, once in 
common use, is now well-nigh obso- 
lete. The early meeting house was 
not a simple church edifice restricted 
in its use to the worship of God. It 
was rather, like a Jewish synagogue, 
intended for other uses also, as its 
name suggests. 1 In the early days 
of man}', perhaps of moso Xew Hamp- 
shire towns, it was the only building 
in which considerable assemblies 
could convene. In settlements within 
the Indian frontier, it was also in- 


1 1 


Log Meeting House — First Type 


<?nd council stood; the arches of the 
surrounding forest formed the ceil- 
ing and the leaf-strewn ground the 
floor of this primeval sanctuary. 
Mr. Bryant tells that 

"The groves were God's first temples. Ere 

man learned 
To hew the shaft, and lay the architrave, 
And spread the roof above them, — ere he 

The lofty vault to gather in and roll back 
1 he sound of anthems; in the darkling wood, 
Amidst the cool and silence, he knelt down 
And offered to the Mightiest, solemn thanks 
And supplication." 

IV Jewish synagogues were not only used for worship, but also 

tended, in case of need, to serve as 
a fortress, inasmuch as their inhab- 
itants, for nearly a century and a half, 
were exposed to the stealthy assaults 
of the French and Indian enemy. 

Notably so was it at Humford 
(Concord), where the meeting house 
was built of logs. Of similar con- 
struction was the first meeting house 
at Boscawen, where, some ten years 
later, it was voted "To build a 
house 40 feet long and of the same 
width of the Rumford Meeting House 
and 2 feet higher, said House to be 
built of logs/ 7 And of like simple 
construction was the Hopkinton 
meeting house, which, by a vote of 

for courts of judicature, Bible Die. Tract Soc. Ed. 


The Granite Monthly 

the "inhabitants, May 24, 1739, was 
ordered to be 35 feet in length and 
25 feet in breadth and 8 feet between 
joints with a Bavil Roof." 

The withdrawal of French domin- 
ion from Canada in accordance with 
the treaty of 1703. made this particu- 
lar feature of their construction no 
longer necessary, yet, owing to the 
limited number and means of the 
settlers of the interior towns of the 
state, the meeting houses remained 
small and very plain buildings. 


From this first type, was evolved, 
ere long, a second and more commodi- 
ous one; made possible by the advent 
of the sawmill and the increased 
number and wealth of the inhabitants. 
Wholly or in part maintained by a 
tax upon the polls and estates of the 
town to which it belonged, it was 
given the descriptive appellation of 
"Standing Order" meeting house, in 
distinction from others which began 
to be erected and maintained by the 
voluntary contributions of parties of 
other denominations. 

This type of meeting house was a 
plain, rectangular 2 story building, 
some 40 to 70 feet long and two- 
thirds as wide. In its boarded and 
clapboarded walls were inserted 2 
rows of large windows. Its shingled 
roof descended from a common ridge, 
sometimes in two moderate slopes 
to the eaves of the side walls and 
sometimes in four to those at the 
ends as well. Externally, when 
painted white, as it usually was, it 
surpassed its predecessor as much 
in style as in size. 

It was entered through doorways 
at the ends and one side. From the 
latter, which was its main entrance, a 
broad aisle extended between two 
tiers of square pews to the pulpit 
projecting from the opposite wail. 
The side entrances opened upon 
aisles of l^ss width which, extending 
along lines parallel with the four 
sides of the house, afforded access to 

tiers of wall pews on one side and of 
inside pews on the other. 

Over portions of the floor was 
a gallery, with aisles corresponding 
to and directly over those last men- 
tioned. These also afforded access 
to rows of square wall pews on one 
side and to the space between it 
and the gallery front, occupied in 
part by singers' seats, and in part 
by pews and long seats. In some 
houses, during the period of negro 
slavery in New Hampshire, special 
provision was made for seating the 
colored members of the congregations, 
usually in the gallery. 

But the most imposing feature of 
the interior was the pulpit. This, 
projecting from the unoccupied wall, 
rose abruptly from the floor, like 
Mount Sinai from the surrounding 
plain. It was some 8 or 9 feet square 
and as many in height. It was 
incased in panel work and in some 
cases, embellished in front by a semi- 
circular projection, surmounted by 
a cushion for the support of the 
sanctuary Bible. In this projection, 
the minister stood while engaged in 
his part of the public service, and his 
utterances were supposed to have 
been given additional force, by a 
ponderous sounding board suspended 
above his head by a rod from the 
ceiling. What particular use this 
actually served is not quite clear, 
other than to excite the wonder of 
restless children, and appall nervous 
persons by the doleful thought of the 
dire destruction of the minister, in 
case its suspension rod should break. 
Yet sounding boards were a long 
time in vogue and this cloudlike 
overshadowing of the pulpit may 
have rendered more solemn and 
authoritative its teachings. This 
sacred inclosure was reached by a 
side flight of stairs adorned by a 
moulded rail and curiously wrought 
balusters, and was lighted, in part, 
by a broad, three-panelled round 
arched window in its rear. 

The private pew was a common 
feature of this type of house, which. 

The Standing Order Meeting House 


was not general in that of the first. 
This occupied a floor space of about 
50 square feet, which was inclosed 
by panelled walls about three feet high 
and surmounted by rows of balusters 
and a rail. It was provided by a 
door in the side adjoining the aisle, 
and a range of board seats on the 
other three. To the latter, hinges 
were attached, which allowed of 
their elevation during the long, ante- 
sermon prayer; whereby the occu- 
pants were enabled to stand more 
comfortably. This arrangement also 

were sufficiently loose to allow of it. 
Thus seated, in a sacred inclosure of 
its own, with its door securely 
fastened, each family could enjoy 
the service, secure from any intrusion. 

This type of meeting house, while 
larger and" more commodious than 
its predecessor, was sometimes called 
a "barn meeting house/' owing to its 
extreme external plainness and want 
of any porch, bell tower or chimney. 

A meeting house of this type, 
erected at Sandown in 1774, is still 
in a state of good preservation and 



I ■ 
I •» 

I J 


i <■ 1 1 

: ; .^ 

=■ I I 

Sandown Church — Second Type 

permitted them to be lowered at its 
close in a clattering endorsement 
of its petitions. 

The average square pew afforded 
seats for six or eight persons. If 
more were required, a chair or two 
could be introduced, to this arrange- 
ment of sittings, only about one 
third of the congregation faced the 
minister, while the other two thirds 
looked at him askance or not at all. 
If the children were too short to 
see over the rails, they could peer at 
one another between the baluster and 
twirl in their sockets such of these as 

graphically described in the October, 
1910, number of this magazine. Its 
good condition is due, evidently, not 
only to the praise wort hy care of its 
friends, but in large measure to the 
fidelity of its builders. A writer in 
the History of Rockingham County 
says of its frame, "The frame is all 
of white oak; the braces in the frame 
are 3 by 10 inches, the beams are 
10 by 12 inches, the rafters are 8 by 
10 inches, doubled one foot apart, 
with a post between, and the corner 
posts are 28 feet high and 12 inches 



£ I 



East Derry Church— Third Type 

While the writer is not certain that this meeting house was ever occupied by a Standing Order Church, it is 
presented here as a good illustration of the third type of houses of- that order. 

The Standing Order Meeting House 


An external modification of this 
type, as seen in the meeting house 
of the First Congregational Church 
in Exeter, made so by the erection 
of a bell tower upon one side of it, 
marks the transition from the second 
to the third type. 


In the third type we have the 
Standing Order meeting house in 
its highest, stage of development. 
While retaining many features of its 
immediate predecessor, in various 
others it greatly surpassed it. 
Architecturally it was more comely 
and better adapted to the purposes 
which it was built to serve. Porches 
covered one or more of its entrances 
and contained stairways leading to 
its galleries. Its main entrance was 
transferred from the side opposite 
the pulpit to one end, and protected 
by a projection which was carried 
upward as a tower to a belfry and 
thence to a lantern, often surmounted 
by a spire and weather vane. 

The lofty spire of the meeting 
house of this type, often rising to a 
height of 125 or 150 feet, could be seen 
for long distances and served as an 
important landmark to the traveler. 
Inasmuch as its elevation was liable 
to attract the electricity of thunder 
storms, it was protected by a rod to 
conduct it to the ground. 

Within this type of house the 
square pews of its predecessor were 
generally supplanted by long, immov- 
able sears, extending in lines parallel 
to each other across the house, at 
right angles to the aisles, which 
extended longitudinally from the ves- 
tibule to the open space before the 
pulpit. These arrangements brought 
the minister face to face with his 
congregation, and prevented the noise 
resulting from the lowering of the 
seats, at the close of the long prayer 
before mentioned. 

Half a score, more or less, of these 
ancient meeting houses, having out- 
lived their compeers, may still be 
seen in different sections of the state. 

Of the second type there is one at 
Sandown and another at Northfield, 
while of the third, at least four or 
five still remain. 

Indeed, the meeting house was gen- 
erally the central object of the early 
New England village. Around it 
clustered various industrial, social 
and religious interests. From it, as 
did the great roads from the Forum 
of ancient Rome, the highways ex- 
tended outward in all directions to 
the surrounding communities. 


The bell in the lofty tower of the 
meeting house shared with the min- 
ister its important utterances. It 
summoned the villagers to their 
morning and mid-day meals and to 
their nightly rest. It rang out in glad 
tones on public occasions their rejoic- 
ings; it called them to their Sunday 
worship, and it timed their sad pro- 
cessions from the house of mourning 
to the grave. 


Another close companion of the 
Standing Order meeting house was 
the horse block. In early times, when 
the roads were poor and carriages 
were few, large numbers came to 


meeting from the outlying sections of 
the parish either on foot or on horse- 

In the latter case, a horse often 
carried two persons; a man in 
front, seated upon a saddle, and a 
woman behind him upon a pillion. 
A moment's reflection will make 
plain the difficulty of two persons 


The Granite Monthly 

mounting or dismounting a horse 
from the ground. 

To facilitate this, a small platform 
was erected near the meeting house, 
about three feet high, and reached 
by a short flight of steps. From and 
upon this, mounting and dismounting 
was easy. 

An ancient survivor of one of these. 
formerly connected with the old 
Standing Order meeting house of 
Concord, is yet to be seen in a good 
state of preservation. It consists of 
a thin, round sheet of granite about 
eight feet in diameter, and as many 
inches thick. This was originally 
supported by a circular rough stone 
wall, and, as already stated, its upper 
surface was reached by a flight of 
rough stone steps. Doctor Bout on tells 
us in his History of Concord that it 
was paid for by a joint contribution 
by the women of a pound of butter 


As long as the Standing Order meet- 
ing house continued such, it seldom 
if ever had any means of being 
warmed. Its capacious interior, 
high ceiling and numerous large 
windows, loosely fitted to their 
frames, were admirably adapted to 
an equalization of the winter tem- 
perature within its walls with that 
without. As few attendants upon its 
Sunday services possessed sufficient 
spiritual warmth to render them 
indifferent to the chills of the flesh, 
various additions of clothing rein- 
forced by small foot-stoves were 
utilized to render tolerable the rigor 
of the winter cold. 

Mr. Parker Pilisbury once remarked 
in the hearing of the writer that, in 
the meeting house in his native town 
of Henniker, he had seen Parson 
Sawyer conduct the Sunday service 
with his white and blue woolen mittens 
upon his hands. 

And, strange as it may seem, the 
physical vigor of a good portion of 
the attendants upon the religious 

Muffin's Hist. Boecawen, p. 23S. 

services in these ancient sanctuaries, 
caused them to so like this penance of 
weekh- suffering as to be opposed for 
a time to any relief therefrom. When, 
therefore, upon the invention of 
stoves, warming of the meeting house 
became practicable, propositions for 
their introduction were not infre- 
quently vigorously opposed. 

Various traditions of resolute con- 
tests have descended to the present 
day; some of them, doubtless, apoc- 
ryphal, some true, and all of them 
more or less characteristic of the pub- 
lic sentiment of the times and places 
of their alleged occurrence. 

According to one, in a certain meet- 
ing house in which a stove had been 
installed, great complaint was made 
at the close of the first service after 
its introduction, that it had rendered 
the atmosphere so oppressive as to 
destroy all enjoyment of the service. 
In answer thereto, attention was 
called by its friends to the offending 
agent, and it was found that the 
stove was a new one in which no fire 
had ever been kindled. 

Another is that a man oppposed to 
warming the meeting house, in which 
a stove had been set up, who occu- 
pied a wall pew near a window, 
climbed upon his seat at the close of 
the meeting and asked the audience 
to tarry for a short time that he 
might introduce a resolution for the 
removal of the stove, which had been 
placed in the center of the house; for 
the sufficient reason that it had driv- 
en all the cold in from the middle of 
the house to the sides, and that the 
wall pews had been made colder than 
they had ever been before. 

Should the authenticity of these 
stories appear in any way doubtful, 
the reader is respectfully referred to a 
third case, attested by the records of 
the Congregational Society of Web- 
ster, where, in a spirit of fairness 
characteristic of the people of that 
town, it was voted "To dispense with 
a fire in the stove the first Sabbath in 
each month during the cold season." 1 

The Standing Order Meeting House 



A third adjunct to the Standing 
Order meeting house, devised during 
the later period of its development, 
when the use of carriages had become 
common, was the horse shed. This 
occupied a modest position in its near 
vicinity. The rough storms of rain, 
snow and wind in New Hampshire 
afforded slight excuse to our hardy 
forefathers for omitting the Sunday 
duty of ''going to meeting." On 
such days, when sheltered in the 
house of God, their better feelings 
were awakened to a care for their faith- 
ful animals standing without, exposed 
to the cold. To secure their protec- 
tion and comfort, the horse shed was 
devised and erected. 

It consisted of a long, narrow 
structure, open in front but closed at 
the ends and rear. Its length was 
determined by the number of its 
joint owners and its width by the 
number of feet required to cover its 
prospective occupants. Its roof was 
divided by its ridge line into two 
unequal sections, the rear one being 
a few feet the widest. Its interior 
was devoted to stalls some seven or 
eight feet wide, separated from one 
another by the transverse timbers 
supporting the back side and the 
roof. The sight of one of these sug- 
gested not only the comfort of the 
faithful beasts which they were built 
to shelter, but the humanity of the 


In most New Hampshire towns, the 
Standing Order meeting house was, 
down to the beginning of the nine- 
teenth century, the only one. Fifty- 
two times a year it drew together at' 
a common center, a large portion of 
the inhabitants from their several 
homes, sparsely scattered over the 
surrounding sections of the town- 
ship. ^ Here they assembled each Sun- 
day^ in attendance upon the two 
religious services of the day, the first 
of which was usually held in the fore- 
noon, from half past ten o'clock to 

twelve, and the second, in the after- 
noon, from one to halt past two. 

At the close of the morning service, 
the solemn formality hitherto pre- 
vailing was relaxed. The minister 
descended from his lofty pulpit to 
greet with cordiality his people. 
The members of the various families 
before segregated in their pews, were 
dispersed, and the congregation was 
converted into one informal assembly 
of men, women and children. Par- 
ties living far apart and seldom meet- 
ing elsewhere exchanged friendly sal- 
utations; interested inquiries as to 
welfare of mutual friends not pres- 
ent were made, and an esprit de corps 
was created which compacted the 
people of the township into one solid 
unity of sympathy and purpose; a 
result not confined to any one or to 
a limited number of towns, but expe- 
rienced substantially in all throughout 
the state. 

How far these simple intermission 
meetings contributed to the unity of 
feeling, which made possible at the 
opening the Revolutionary War, the 
execution of The Association Test 
agreement, is a matter of conjecture; 
but that they contributed thereto is 
one of certainty: Equally certain is it 
that they materially aided in awaken- 
ing that spirit of brotherhood enjoined 
by the second great commandment of 
God's law and were important coad- 
jutors of the pulpit. 


The history of New Hampshire 
shows but few dissenters to the faith 
of the Standing Order church during 
the first one hundred and fifty years 
following its settlement. By the 
middle of the eighteenth century, 
however, and, in fact, a little before, 
these began to appear. The first on 
the ground were the Presbyterians, 
who organized their first church at 
Derry in 1719. Next in order came 
the Baptists, who established the 
first one of their denomination at 
Newton in 1756, and the Sandeman- 


The Granite Monthly 

ians who, in 1763. gathered one of 
their faith at Portsmouth. In 1780, 
largely through the efforts of Benja- 
min Randall, a Freewill Baptist 
church was organized at New Dur- 
ham, and the year following, 1781, 
the Universalists formed the first one 
of their denomination at Portsmouth. 
The next year, 1782, the Shakers set- 
tled families at Canterbury and 
Enfield. Ten years later, 1795, the 
Methodists established their first 

borders no less than eleven different 
denominations in 1S00: — 

1. That of the Standing Order, for 
whose support all the ratable polls 
and property in the state were assessed 

2. Those of the other ten, above 
mentioned, maintained by the vol- 
untary contributions of the several 
parties connected therewith. These 
claimed that, inasmuch as they were 
dissenters to the doctrines of the 

. Y 

mi — • 




<± * ■*&. - 

<f» v 3t*r ,— 

Hopkinton Congregational Church — Fourth Type 

society at Chesterfield, and were fol- 
lowed in 1S00 by the Christians, who 
gathered their first church at Ports- 

Besides these and antedating them, 
were two small bodies of Episcopalians 
and Quakers. The former of these 
had erected a chapel in Portsmouth 
as early as 1638, and the latter had 
formed a society at Seabrook, in 

It will be seen by the foregoing 
that Xew Hampshire, with a popula- 
tion of 214,000, had within her 

l "An act la amendment of an art entitled an act for regulating 

Standing Order, they should be 
excused from aiding in their support. 
But their claims were for many years 
'unavailing and gave rise to animated 
discussions, often heated, but with 
no satisfactory results. In 1819, 
however, the long-sought relief was 
attained by the passage by the Leg- 
islature of an. Act popularly knows, 
as the Toleration Act. 


The Toleration Act, so called, 1 
disestablished the Standing Order 

towns end town officer?, passed February 8, Anno Domini 1791." 

The BaUlc-Field 


church, which thereafter became a 
simple denominational church, like 
all others within the state. As a 
result, since the members of these 
were drawn more or less from its 
membership, its audiences were so 
diminished that many of its meeting 
houses were found too large for 
convenient use. 

Consequently, some of them were 
converted into two-story structures 
by the extension of their gallery 
floors to their side walls. Thus mod- 
ified, they were thereafter severally 
occupied, one part by the church and 
the other by the town. Some were 
abandoned altogether and succeeded 
by new one-story buildings propor- 
tioned in size to the number of their 
anticipated occupants. 

A few of these ancient Standing 
Order meeting houses still remain, 
but little changed externally: glorious 
in white paint, whose lofty bell towers 
bear spires pointing Heavenward. 
Their long rows of many-paned win- 
dows, loosely fitted to their, frames, 
remind one that, in the distant 
winters of church and state, spiritual 

warmth waged many a long contest 
with physical cold, which continued 
until terminated by the introduction 
of the stove. 

They also call to mind the long and 
hard-fought contests for equal relig- 
ious rights, resulting, as before stated, 
in the disestablishment of the estab- 
lished church. 

And they remind us too of the 
sectarian strife which, at times, has 
characterized the denominational 
period, caused largely by sharp dis- 
criminations as to doctrines. Of late, 
happily, these seem to have been 
abating, possibly from the discovery 
that upon vital questions, the con- 
testants had found themselves in 
substantial accord and that their 
real differences related largely to 
matters of speculative theology. 

And farther still are we reminded 
that religion has ever been progres- 
sive; from the distant past, when 
truth and purity and brotherly love 
were less regarded than now, and 
that our denominational period marks 
a necessary era in its evolution. 


By L. J. H. Frost 

Slowly sank the sun adown the western 
Sky; his weary footsteps seemed to linger 
On their homeward journey, as if he loved 
The sunny southland, better even than 
The shining west that with cheeks all glowing 
And lips of crimson waited to greet him. 
Perhaps t'was pity staid his footsteps, for 
He lingered on a field all gory, — wet 
With human blood. 

His rosy beams grew paler 
While he gazed upon the broad-spread carnage; 
Sad results of an unholy human 
Avarice; and of passions fiend-like; or, 
Of a vain ambition that forever 
Urges on its votaries toward that 
Vortex by fate created to destroy 
The hopes of mortals, making shipwreck of 
The soul. 

16 The Granite Monthly 

On that red field lay man}' an 
Upturned face with pain distorted. Eyes that 
Closed not with the death pang; lips open but 
Yet motionless, through which had quickly sprung 
The immortal spirit, as the caged bird 
Leaps forth from his prison house when careless 
Childhood lias the door unbound. 

Old and young- 
Were there all silent; and the lingering 
Sunbeams kissed a last adieu alike upon 
The care-worn wrinkled brow, and cheek of manly 
Beauty. Fathers were there, and brothers, and 
The brave lover whose cold hand yet clasped the 
Shadows of his spirit's idol; all were 
Sleeping, — a long, deep dreamless sleep. ' Nor could 
The signal of the loudly beating drum, 
Or thunder of the whole artillery, 
Bring them to conscious life again. 

Here was 

The humanity of man; all cold and 
Lifeless, like the fiery charger that close 
Beside him, with glaring eye, distended 
Nostril and protruding tongue, panted his 
Life away; an hour ago, how proudly 
Bore he on his fearless rider to the 
Bloody conflict But his work is ended. 

On the morrow into many 
A home will dark-winged sorrow enter, as 
The swift-footed messenger brings tidings 
Of the dead. And friends will gather round him 
Waiting anxiously to listen to the 
Sad tale of woe that their own hearts have half 
Mistrusted; but they wait not long; too soon 
The dread words fall upon unwilling 
Ears, and eyes are deluged with the flood of grief 
That now o'crwhelms the soul! While hearts are wildly 
Beating, aching, breaking, that even at 
The cry of '/Victory! Victory!" will 
Not cease their moan. 

God of the battle-field! 
Erom her home in heaven let gentle Peace 
Come down and dwell with mortals. Then shall man 
Learn war no more. 



By Lydia A. Stevens 

Nearly one hundred years ago, the 
huge flat iron building on Dover 
Landing, commonly called the Platts 
Block,, was erected. Why — it is hard 
to understand. Business was waning 
in that locality, and men who had 
acquired money on the river-front 
were beginning to invest it elsewhere. 

ity. Its shipping interest furnished a 
stirring episode in the history of 
Dover, and life down there from 1785 
to 1835 appears to have been a ro- 
mance, laced and plaited with material 

One likes to dream of what might 
have been could the river front have 






" ■ ' ■ 






-^ - f- 


• ■ 



1 1 / 'v 

Piatts Block, Dover Landing 

Very soon the structure named had 
•a challenge in the large brick school- 
house, now for many years known as 
The Sherman. But the building spirit 
rose no higher, and these two monu- 
ments alone mark the Landing's. 
early craving of body and mind. 
Apparently, the Landing of today is 
not destined to win unique fame. 

This section played a prominent 
part once upon a time. For fifty 
years it was the seat of Dover activ- 

grown merely as a greater Dover. 
Had the ancient lower river channel 
been a little wider and deeper, it is 
highly probable that artificial opera- 
tions would have enabled this part of 
the town to maintain its distinction. 
Today, on both sides of the water- 
way, public and private enterprise 
would be manifest. In spite of rail- 
roads, where now stand shabby and 
decaying buildings, reminders of old- 
time briskness, there would be cus- 


The Granite Monthly 

torn house quarters, warehouses, 
counting rooms, stores, churches, 
well-kept residences, banks, school- 
houses, offices, and accompanying 
evidences of weilbeing. 

But no writer of local tales, though 
the spell of the antiquated quarter be 
upon him, can hope to picture its 
glowing past. The material is not at 
hand for a sketch of the period, or 
story about the old-fashioned toilers, 
who kept things moving between 
Dover, Boston, and the West Indies. 
There are few printed sources of 
information — even reminiscences are 
lacking. It is altogether too late to 
gather the dates, facts, and details. 
The development ceased to be import- 
ant, when business men were forced 
to turn their backs on the river. The 
great flatiron is left in some sort of 
dignity — the rest is made up of tumble- 
down houses and rotting wharves. 

When Hosea Sawyer, of 


known Garrison Hill family, con- 
cluded to put his savings into a block 
of stores with commodious dwelling 
apartments overhead, he chose the 
commanding junction of Main and 
Portland streets, then called Lafay- 
ette Square. The lot was of granite 
formation, and very difficult to re- 
duce to a proper level. It would 
seem that he did not realize that the 
compact part of the town was slowly 
stretching into the open fields. He 
still had faith that the little space 
inclosed within such close boundaries 
as Tuttle Square through Central 
Street and Central Square to Franklin 
Square; thence by way of Main Street 
to Washington Square, and along 
Washington and Central Streets to 
point begun at, would for many 
years allow full scope for active busi- 
ness men. And, of course, he did 
not foresee that railroads would soon 
put a check on the chances of time 
and tide. He lived to see the Landing's 
predominance fade away, and when 
the dream of making Dover a perma- 
nent port of entry, and a post for 
the traffic of open sea and the "Great 
North Country" also lost its glamor, 
gloom settled over the Landing. It 

shortly became what it is now, a 
well-nigh deserted section, appearing 
to the best advantage by moonlight. 
Then a shade akin to resignation 
crept over old man Sawyer's face, 
and in a little while he was dead. 
But his brick block, made to last 
from generation to generation, still 
holds itself erect, sturdy and strong. 
For many years it has been a part 
of the John L. Plaits estate. 

In the old days the building caught 
the sun from every angle, and from 
every window there was a fine range 
of view. The east side looked down 
on the winding river, the shipyards, 
overhanging warehouses, outgoing 
and incoming packets, heavily laden 
barges, and the swift-oared boats. In 
the foreground appeared stores, mov- 
ing oxteams, drays, carts, the invit- 
ing tavern, and beyond the high 
ground of Pine Hill. Westward the 
afternoon light spread like a gossamer 
veil over the harsh outlines of the 
growing mills. L T ntil 1840 the married 
accountants and salesmen occupied 
the apartments, and no more desir- 
able dwellings were to be found in 

Between the quick rise and natural 
fall of a building — betwixt its disuse 
and ruin — there is frequently a long 
interval. This space of time, marked 
by the entrance of the first occupants, 
the exit of the last, and its final dis- 
organization, excites tender human 
feeling. But in this case the build- 
ing has not fallen, we have no list of 
its inmates, nor knowledge of their 
standing in town, and the human rela- 
tions of all save the builder and the 
help he employed are wanting. The 
visible part of the building has record 
in the tax-collector's books, but the 
invisible part is lost. 

Fortunately, the man who got 
together the money, and whose mind 
conceived the enterprise, left a writ- 
ten record showing the names and 
crafts of the men he employed, and 
in many cases the number of hours 
each worked, and the sum paid. 
There is also an itemized account of 
expenditure for material used, to- 

The Old Plaits Block on Dover Landing 19 

got her with the cost of lot. The the building. Good fortune and mis- 
whole affords unusual insight into fortune have been in attendance. 
the Dover laboring life of fourscore But the wedding bells sounded a long 
years ago. Of course, we should like time ago; the christenings are for- 
te know what the men, who built gotten; and the dead will never leave 
the largest and costliest house on the their graves to go wandering idly 
Landing, did outside their humdrum about at night, frightening living 
working hours. This is denied to us. people, and setting the Landing dogs 
And it would be interesting to know a-howling. 

how they divided religiously, socially The Building is, in a way, like any 

and politically; how their wives and other timeworn shelter for human 

daughters spent their spare time— if beings. It does not require much 

they had any — what books were read; imagination to feel that the souls and 

among the men, who was the close faces of dead inmates linger about 

hunks and who the spendthrift; the premises; that something will 

what the children got out of the com- remain after the bricks have been 

mon schools, and whether the poverty torn down; impalpable, indefinable, 

of that day was more hopeless than spectral. Something that will whis- 

that of now. In this, also, we are per of the distant past. If there 

disappointed. Of some other things exists another full and minute state- 

we can infer much. During the long ment of the cost of a private building 

years, there have been marriages, of equal or greater size in Dover, its 

births and deaths within the walls of resting place is unknown. 


My Brick Block 

on Dover Landing. 


Purchased March 1, 1S22 S715.QO 

Tools Bought. 

3 wheelbarrows, 4 crowbars, 3 pickaxes 34 . 17 

hoes, 5 shovels, cast steel & blister 25. S4 60.01 

Digging and Blowing out Cellak and Stoning. 
David Rollins, John Bryce, Charles Wentworth, Nathan Church, John 
Potingill, Ben Young. Timothy Brewster, William Stevens, Simeon 
Low, Joseph Lampe, Joseph Dolloff, Joseph Furber, worked in all 

3S3M days 200.72 

Spirits served to these men 43 . 50 

John Ham, hauling away gravel 1-60 

Hiram Rollins, surveying lot 1 . 33 

Bought iron for grate 6 . 23 

Levi Sawyer, blacksmith work 28 . 32 

John Waldron, " " 13. 6S 

Israel Estes, " " : 2.40 

Joseph Furber, 9 casks powder & labor 40 . 46 

Bare. Wentworth, hauling rocks 2 . 50 

Benja. L. Colby, " " 10.00 

Jacob Wentworth, " " 5.00 

Amos White, 38 loads " '. 30.00 

Joseph Chesley, 7 " " 12 . 50 

James Whitehouse, laying cellar walls 123.30 

Sally Wentworth, boarding laborers 88 . 26 

Nat. Lamos, " Simeon Low 2. 18 

Paid for sundry jobs 4.50 372.26 

20 The Granite Monthly 

Hewn Stove, Including Cellar Door Steps & Curbstone. 

Jonothan Daniels $531 . 30 

David Rollins 3.80 

Daniel Locke, cutting stone ...... 3 . 00 

Eph. Locke, drilling " .50 

Dover Mfg. Co. " " 1 .80 $540. 40 

Brick Bills. 

John P. Sargent, 130, 700 at 4 .06 530.46 

Daniel Watson, 40,250" 4.50 , 181.12 

Thomas Card, 60,775 " 4.50 273.48 

Stephen Hanson, Jr.. 2,000 at 4.50 9.00 

John P. Sargent, 1,000 for sidewalk 4.50 998.56 

Mason Work. 

James Whitehouse, laying brick & setting stone 558 . 37 

140 cask lime ! 210.00 

75 loads sand and 4 bushels hair 19.55 

A Griffin & others, sundries 5 . 63 

William Ransom, shovelling gravel 1 . 50 

Bought iron fastenings 49 . 02 

Benja. S. Colby, hauling brick & lime 41 . 14 

Jake Wentworth " " " " 6.76 

John Ham, " " " " .' 11.65 

Joshua Wentworth, " " " " 3.34 

Spirits for teamsters 15.00 921.96 

Frame &c. 

37,876 ft. timber frame & raised at $123-2 per m 473 .45 

.10,620 ft. boards & planks 792.40 

Samuel Woodman, timber 9.12 

44 m shingles ... 110.00 

J. B. Varney, inspector 20 . 00 

Thomas Tripe, plan for carpenters 6 . 00 

Bought 2,135 lbs. cut nails & 64 lbs. pennyweights 184.60 

Brads 7.77 

638 lbs. sheet lead & sandpaper *. 72 . 93 

1,318 Its. of glass 174.97 

Lead conductors & paint brushes 6 . 67 

Paints and oil 84.64 1942.55 


Sam Woodman and hands 182 J^ days 243 . 74 

Finishing roof 183 . 50 

John Edrue <fc son Thomas, 206 3-S days 438. 64 

Moses Woodman & boy 20^ " n - 96 

Eph. Wentworth & hands 143>£ " 125.54 

Jonothan Robinson 78 K " S4. 50 

John Jones 39H " 49 - 21 

Morris Perkins 12 " 13.55 


Samuel Brown 27 " 18.00 

John Lewis 4H •" 300 

Daniel D. Williams 19 " 20.50 

Alva Edgerly 20 H " 13 - 67 

Joseph Coleman 15 " 13.75 

William Wood 24^ " 21.57 

The Old Plaits Block on Dover Landing 21 

Stephen Dudley 17 days §17 . 00 

Daniel Swain 363 2 " 17. 3S 

Kbenezer Parsons 293 2 " 24 . 75 

John Roberts 2 " 1.87 

Daniel Hayes, doorframes & sashes 109 . 73 

J. P. Leavitt, doors & shutters 56.33 

6 pillars 12.00 

Spirits served to above 40.00 $1,520.00 


Stephen Toppan, closet furnishings 52.28 

William Staekpole, setting doorframes ■ 6 . 75 

Blinds for dwelling apartments 16.00 

James Bryce, 75 days' labor 30 . 46 

Mrs. Eliza Joy, boarding carpenters 25. 71 

Mrs. Sally Wentworth, " " 35.13 

Sam Woodman, " « " 13 .54 

Ben ja. L. Colby, carting lumber 15 . 00 

Richard Fowler, painting 99 . IS 

Abraham Folsom, " ' 10. 79 

Michael Whidden, " 61.25 

Enoch L. Parker " 9.68 

putting on 63 rolls paper 50.25 

Stephen P. Palmer, plastering 92 . 95 

James Whitehouse, mason work 7 . 32 

Lewis Clements, " " 9.11 

Andrew Hussey, 6 stone posts 19 . 50 

Arlo Varney, stone 10 . 66 

French & Stockbridge, setting posts 25 . 50 

Stephen P. Palmer, laying brick sidewalk 10.25 

Levi Sawyer, blacksmithing 128 . 26 

Bought 2 doors for easterly stores & stoves and funnel 24. 13 

Spirit for workmen 3 . 67 

Bought 4 blinds for bow corner chamber 12 . 19 

Paid for extra painting & papering 5.00 

Locks for bow windows & rear & front doors 13.00 

Other locks, latches, springs etc 50.60 838.16 

Digging and Blowing out Ledge and Building Wall Back of Store. 

290Kdays labor 183.02 

Sundry expenses 84. 67 

Small cottage and wood rooms 307.26 

Spirits served to laborers 3S.00 612.95 

My own labor & expense, estimated at $243.40 not included. Total 

Dover, N, IE, Dec. 25, 1825. 

Hose a Sawyer. 


By Georgiana Rogers 
Just change your point of view 
Is all you have to do, 

And then all things will come your way; 
You cannot change a motion 
But you can change your notion — 

And therefore make night seem like day. 


By Fred Myron Colby 


The eighteenth century has not 
inaptly been termed woman's cen- 
tury. Certainly not for a long time, 
if ever before did the gentler sex ex- 
ercise a more potent influence in art, 
in politics, in literature than during 
those interesting decades between the 
last English revolution and the close 
of the Napoleonic wars. All estab- 
lished barriers seemed to have been 
thrown down, and women rushed for- 
ward to rule or to guide in the courts 
of kings and in the salons of philoso- 
phers. European politics for a hun- 
dred years were directed, for weal or 
woe, by the soft, facile hands and 
intriguing brains of women — of a 
Maintenon, a Pompadour, a Maria 
Theresa, a Catherine, a Roland, or a 
Caroline Bonaparte. The history of 
these political Amazons and patriotic 
heroines is familiar to every reader. 
We wish to glance more particularly, 
at this time, at those women of gen- 
tler lines and more beneficent im- 
pulses, the Bluestocking Queens of 

By this title of Bluestocking 
Queens we do not mean so much to 
designate those women like Hannah 
More, Madame d' Arblay and Mad- 
ami de Stael, as those fair entertain- 
ers whose salons were the literary and 
art centers of the century — women who 
did a "bit of the blue" themselves, 
indeed, without winning any high 
rank in literature, in fact the social 
queens of the Bohemian world. 

The first literary meetings in the 
mother country are believed to have 
been held by a woman — that Hor- 
tensia Mancini, niece of Cardinal 
Mazarin of France and favorite of 
Charles II of England, who assembled 
in her apartments at St. James men 
of letters, among whom Dryden, Wy- 
cherly, St. Evremond and De Orain- 
mont figured. But learned as she 

undoubtedly "was, and a patron of 
scholars and poets, the Duchess of 
Mazarin can scarcely claim to be a 
queen of bluestockings. This emi- 
nence belongs first to a very different 
sort of a woman— none other than 
that eccentric, witty, bellicose beauty. 
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, so 
famous for being at first the idol and 
afterwards the abomination of Alex- 
ander Pope. 

Born in the last decade of the pre- 
ceding century, Mary Pierrepont grew 
up in the midst of that revival of art 
and letters which distinguished the 
reign of Queen Anne — an epoch that 
is linked forever in the minds of 
scholars and historians with those 
other brilliant periods, the age of 
Pericles, the Augustan age, the age of 
Leo X, the age of Elizabeth. Her 
first debut in society was character- 
istic of the manners of the time, and 
singularly auspicious. When she was 
a child of eight, her father, the Earl 
of Kingston, a member of the Kit- 
Kat Club, proposed her as his toast. 
The company of wits, poets and states- 
men demurred, on the plea that they 
had never seen her. "Then you 
shall,'' cried her father, determined 
to carry out the joke; and the pretty, 
fair-haired child, who had even then 
considerable spirit and a good degree 
of vanity, was brought in. She was 
received with acclamations, and the 
bonbons and kisses with which she 
was overwhelmed were typical of the 
admiration she was destined to 
receive later. 

This girl lived to become the live- 
liest, wittiest and severest woman of 
her time, celebrated for her Oriental 
travels, her charming letters, and, 
more than all else, her association 
with the men and women who con- 
stitute that golden era of wit and lit- 
erature. Naturally of a strong mind 

Bluestocking Queen* of the Eighteenth Century 


and acute understanding, those mas- 
culine qualities were strengthened 
through association with the # man she 
married — Edward Wortiey Mon- 
tagu, who was intimate with Addi- 
son, Cpngreve and Steele, and was a 
favorite of Sir Robert Walpole, by 
whose influence he was sent on an 
important mission to Turkey. After 
their return, Lady Mary, having won 
fame by her letters, and holding 
court favor by her wit and beauty, 
was, perhaps, the most prominent 
lady in English society. At the per- 
suasion of Pope, who was deeply in 
love with the "Wortiey eyes," her 
husband was induced to buy a house 
at Twickenham and there, and' at 
their city residence at Cavendish 
Square, Lady Mary was the center of 
a distinguished circle. Gay, Swift, 
Bathurst, Bolingbroke, Chesterfield — 
the Philip Stanhope who wrote the 
famous letters of his heir, Lord Her- 
vey and Pope constantly surrounded 
her, and of her own sex there were the 
Princess of Wales, Caroline Wilhel- 
mina Dorothea, afterwards queen of 
England, Mrs. Selwyn, Miss Bellen- 
den, Miss Howe and Mary Lepell, 
afterwards Lady Hervey. 

Another frequent visitor was Sir 
Godfrey Kneller, the artist, who, at 
Pope's solicitation, painted a portrait 
of Lady Mary in her Turkish cos- 
tume, which she describes in one of 
her letters. This dress was truly 
magnificent, and became her figure 
rnarvelously well. We can imagine 
little Pope hovering about the artist 
in raptures as he wrought the sem- 
blance of that almost faultless form 
and arch, spirited face with the cele- 
brated eyes, upon the canvas, gazing 
first at the original and then at the 
likeness, while he jotted down the 
verses which he gave to his idol on 
this occasion : 

"The playful smile around the dimpled 

The happy air of majesty and truth, 
So would I draw"(but oh! 'tis vain to try, 
My narrow genius docs the power deny). 
The equal luster of th^ heavenly mind, 
When every grace with every virtue's 


Learning not vain and wisdom not severe, 
With greatness easy and with wit sincere, 
With just description show the soul 

And the whole princess in my work should. 


Somewhat different was the senti- 
ment of these lines from the brutal 
satires he afterwards vented on his 

Pope was probably the most gifted 
man of that crowd which gathered 
around the bluestocking queen, but 
he was quick and vitriolic in temper. 
His mean appearance — for he was a 
pygmy in size, humpbacked and 
squint-eyed — made him morbidly 
sensitive. He indulged in a real pas- 
sion for his beautiful "princess," 
and it is said that he at last made her 
a declaration in person. It seemed so 
utterly ridiculous that Lady Mary 
received it with a burst of laughter, 
which, though well deserved, was 
sufficiently rude, and was an affront 
that Pope never forgave. Hencefor- 
ward he was her enemy, and was 
guilty of much petty spite in his treat- 
ment of her. 

For twenty years Lady Mary Wort- 
ley Montagu held court in Cavendish 
Square, or at Twickenham. The old 
Duchess of Marlborough and Henry 
Fielding were sometimes her guests, 
and on Sunday, she received the 
whole court society of London, keep- 
ing those she liked to supper. 
But she was not in sympathy with 
the English manners of that day, and 
her plain speech made her other ene- 
mies beside Pope. In 1739 she re- 
tired to the continent where she lived 
many years. After the death of her 
husband, in 1761, she returned to 
England and took an apartment in 
George Street, Hanover Square. In 
that house she died the following 
year, of cancer. 

Our next bluestocking queen was 
an intimate friend of Lady Mary's, 
and though perhaps not more lovely 
in person was altogether a more lova- 
ble woman. She was Lady Hervey — 
the former Mary Lepell, maid of 
honor to the Princess of Wales, and 


The Granite Monthly 

who with Mary Bellenden was a 

favorite of Pope from first to last. 
The "lovely Lepell/' as she was 
called, married, when very young, 
Lord Hervey, son of the first Earl of 
Bristol. At the court of the Princess 
Caroline at Richmond, she indulged 
her taste for letters and literary con- 
versation in preference to frivolous 
employments; and, . after her mar- 
riage, she assembled around her a 
circle of wits, scholars, beauties, and 
men of fashion whose minds rose 
somewhat above the dull trivialities 
of an ordinary court. She was a 
much more gracious hostess than 
Mary Wortley Montagu, her man- 
ners being termed by Lord Wham- 
cliffe, "easy, gentle and exquisitely 
pleasing." Her good sense was so 
prominent a feature of her character 
that it became, as life went on, al- 
most proverbial. 

Lord Hervey, her husband, who 
was a valetudinarian and a notori- 
ous gallant, though a scholar and a 
man of parts, is said to have admired 
Lady Mary Montague equally with 
his own wife, but no breath of scan- 
dal ever touched the fair fame of 
Lady Hervey. It was a scandalous 
age, everything was coarse and im- 
moral; books, letters and poetry par- 
took of the characteristic of the age, 
and even personal character was 
affected by it. In Lady Hervey's 
drawing rooms were seen such men as 
Sir Robert Walpole, Chesterfield, and 
later Beau Nash and Horace Wal- 
pole, and such ladies as Lady Suf- 
folk and the Duchess of Qucensberry, 
besides the strictly literati. Lord 
Chatham, Pulteney, Lord North, 
Dean Swift and other notable char- 
acters of the day mingled there to- 
gether in social chat, and the charm- 
ing hostess could talk divinity with 
Hoadley, sentiment with Fielding, 
poetry with Young, Continental 
travel with Nash and Horace Wal- 
pole, and the world — the great world 
which she knew so well — with Ches- 
terfield. This she could do and hold 
her own with each and all of them. 

It is not a difficult task to conjure 
up that circle of wits, statesmen, lit- 
erati and beauties that gathered 
around this queen — the gentlemen in 
their long waist coats, broad-skirted 
coats stiffened with wire, loose 
breeches and- long hose, their big 
shoe buckles, their ruffs, their volu- 
minous wigs and their snuff boxes; 
the grand dames in high peaked 
stays, hooped skirts, looped petti- 
coats, flowing sleeves, small gypsy 
caps, low hair, patches and powder. 
What topics they discussed — Rich- 
ardson's last novel, the latest im- 
ported French fashion, the victories 
of Frederick of Prussia, the cam- 
paigns of the Seven Year's War, Gray's 
poems, Hogarth's paintings, and a 
hundred and one subjects that were 
then gossip and news and have now 
become crystallized into history. 

Lady Hervey's entertainments con- 
tinued to be a feature of London 
society nearly to the time of her death, 
for as late as 1765, we find Horace 
Walpole writing an amusing apology 
to her for his absence from a recep- 
tion at her house. She died three 
years later, and was sincerely 
mourned by a host of friends whom 
her friendliness, good breeding and 
amiable temper attached to her. 

Any one at all familiar with the 
literary life of the middle and latter 
part of the last century, knows that 
there was no more distinguished re- 
treat of the muses than Streatham 
House, where Mrs. Thrale-Piozzi, 
through a long lifetime, dispensed 
hospitality with no stinted hand. 
The very names of Tkrale and Strea- 
tham summon up the shades of the 
worthy brewer and his short, plump, 
beautiful wife, of "little Burney," and 
Sir Joshua Reynolds, of David Gar- 
rick and Edmund Burke, of Oliver 
Goldsmith and Arthur Murphy, and 
Topham Beauclerk and Samuel John- 
son, and we can picture them sitting 
around the well-spread board, or 
clustering in the cosy parlors around 
the steaming urn, calling each other 
by their Christian names and sipping 

Bluestocking Queens of the Eighteenth Century 

the beverage that cheers but does not 
inebriate. And if we could have 
looked into the old mansion after all 
of them, or nearly all of them, had 
gone to their rest, we might have seen 
their portraits, limned by Reynolds 
himself, hanging round and gazing 
benignly at those of the master and 
mistress of the house. 

It was the very year, or the year 
before, Horace Walpole wrote his 
letter of excuse to Lady Hervey that 
Mrs. Thrale first made the acquaint- 
ance of Samuel Johnson, the prince of 
litterateurs in England for a quarter of 
a century. Mr. Thrale and Ins wife 
had a penchant for literary people, 
and now the company at Streatham 
which had always been remarkable 
for their eminence and worth, was 
invariably marked by the presence of 
the great Samuel in his scratch wig, 
black, single-breasted coat, loose 
breeches, black stockings, "ill drawn 
drawn up," and a pair of huge shoes 
always untied. For more than six- 
teen years Johnson was a familiar 
guest at Streatham and during nearly 
half that time he was a constant par- 
taker of the Thrale hospitality. 

Mrs. Thrale, a bustling, energetic, 
little precieuse, always appeared to 
the greatest advantage at her conver- 
saziones, exhibiting tact, grace, good 
breeding and a forgetfulness of self 
that was really remarkable in a pretty, 
flattered, talented woman. She had 
unbounded loquacity, however, and 
sometimes she and the learned levia- 
than had a "set to" that was not 
always to the doctor's advantage. 
At one of these tilts he termed her 
an "insect/ ' but there was no one in 
the world who was so kind and gentle 
to the learned and blameless hypo- 
chrondiac as was this "insect." She 
soothed and flattered him; her spirits 
cheered him, and her hospitality 
changed altogether the life and habits 
of a man whose only relaxation had 
been a tavern, and whose home was 
either a den in the Temple or a dun- 
geon in Bolt Court. Johnson once 
confessed to Goldsmith that he owed 

his escape from lunacy to the atten- 
tions of his kind hostess. 

At Streatham Johnson was the 
"King of the beasts," although all the 
famous men and women of England 
met there, one time or another. At 
the evening receptions one would 
always have seen him sitting near 
Mrs. Thrale, his scrofula-marked 
countenance and convulsive move- 
ments, to say nothing of his dogmatic 
manners, making him no comfort- 
able neighbor. Boswell, his future 
biographer, is near by, a young man 
with a comic-serious face and imper- 
turbable good humor. And there 
would sit Reynolds, mild and placid, 
listening with his ear trumpet, and 
quite as good a talker as a listener. 
Oliver Goldsmith's odd little figure, 
clothed in the gayest of waistcoats 
and breeches, and Edmund Burke's 
grand, saturnine features, and David 
Garrick's rollicking countenance are 
marked objects; and Bennet Lang- 
ton and Topham Beauclerk, the fine 
gentlemen of the party — all these 
formed a group of the greatest inter- 
est in the art and literary world of 
that time. 

Several years after Johnson's in- 
gress to the life at Streatham, Fanny 
Burney, than a young woman of 
twenty-six, whose first novel was just 
out, came to vary the scene. She and 
her hostess were soon on the best of 
terms, and it is interesting to know 
what the author of "Evelina" thought 
of the "insect." "She had a great 
deal of both good, and of not good, in 
common with Madame de Stael- 
Holstein," she says, and she goes on 
to draw a comparison between the 
two, exalting her friend to the level 
of that extraordinary woman. "Their 
conversation," she declares, "was 
equally luminous, from the sources of 
their own fertile minds and from their 
splendid acquisitions from the works 
and acquirements of others." 

Mr. Thrale died in 1781. Three 
years afterwards his widow married 
the Italian music teacher, Mr. Piozzi. 
Doctor Johnson and Miss Burney 


The Granite Monthly 

gradually withdrew from Streatham, 
and another circle of people gathered 
at the old place, most of the wits and 
litterati thronging to Mrs. Montagu's 
parlors at Portman Square. Mrs. 
Thrale-Fiozzi did not give up enter- 
taining, but the old charm was gone 
with the distinguished lights who 
chose to shed their luminance else- 

The new star was queen of that 
titled and intellectual circle which 
has perhaps never been surpassed in 
England — the Bluestocking Club — 
which is said to have taken its name 
from the fact that Doctor Stilling- 
fieet, one of the habitues and an odd- 
ity and a sloven, always wore blue 
stockings. The expression was caught 
up, and les has bleus has been used 
ever since as a soubriquet for all who 
assume the literary character. 

This bluestocking society must not 
be classed with that of the French 
Precieuses which gathered around 
Madame de Rambouillet in the palmy 
days of the Grand Monarque, which 
Moliere annihilated in his ''Pre- 
cieuses Ridicules." The party did 
not consist strictly of literary per- 
sons, but was made up of wits, 
divines, actors, beaux, three or four 
learned women and several very 
pretty and agreeable ones. Knowl- 
edge was not paraded as such, and 
learning was not disfigured by ped- 
antry. Neither affectation nor lev- 
ity was premitted in this charmed 
circle. The presiding genius was a 
distinguished lady of society, a 
beauty, a wit, and, above all, a thor- 
oughly good and charming woman. 

Elizabeth Montagu, born Miss 
Robinson, was of Yorkshire descent, 
and received her early education 
under the tuition of the scholarly 
Dr. Conifers Middleton. Bright and 
precocious, she was regarded as a 
prodigy of learning and acquirements 
at fourteen. But she loved society 
as well as books, and after her mar- 
riage she became a recognized leader 
in the fashionable world. Her hus- 
band died in 1755, leaving her, at the 

age of thirty-five, immensely wealthy 
and still beautiful. She is described 
at this time as a person of the middle 
stature, with a slight stoop; her face 
was oval with high-arched brows, 
beautiful dark blue eyes, a clear, deli- 
cate complexion, and dark brown hair 
that she wore clustering over her 
throat and face. 

From this time to nearly the day of 
her death, Mrs. Montagu appears to 
belong to society. Her house began 
to be a center of learning and fashion. 
The wit, the scholar, the politician, 
the critic and the orator, crowded 
around her. She had all society to 
choose from, but she chose her 
friends for their merits, not for their 
station. She was on intimate terms 
with Airs. Elizabeth Carter, the most 
learned woman of her time in Eng- 
land, the poet Young, Lord and 
Lady Boscawen, the Burneys, James 
Beattie, Doctor Stillingfleet, Lord 
Lytton, Hannah More, Mrs. Darner, 
and Burke and Johnson. Garrick and 
Sir Joshua Reynolds were among 
those who honored and visited her. 

For nearly twenty years the origi- 
nal Bluestocking Club nourished in 
its vigor at Mrs. Montagu's. It was 
the leading literary and social center 
in England. Hume and Gibbons 
were about the only literary men of 
note who did not belong to that bril- 
liant circle. Everybody else went to 
Portman Square, and it was the ambi- 
tion of every rising litteratuer to be 
present at these entertainments. 
They were very mixed assemblies, no 
doubt, for the noblest ladies in Eng- 
land sat side by side with the sons of 
butchers and grocery dealers; but 
eminence of any sort was welcomed 
by this bluestocking queen, and all 
were equal at Montagu House. 

Mrs. Montagu did a bit of blue her- 
self. As a writer she was respectable, 
and her "Essay on Shakespeare" 
was pronounced by Doctor Beattie a 
most elegant piece of criticism. Her 
conversational talents were brilliant, 
and as a hostess she was unsurpassed. 
Every vear until her death added to 

Bluestocking Queens of the Eighteenth Century 

her enlarging circle of votaries. In 
the latter part of the century, how- 
ever, after the death of Johnson, 
Garrick and Reynolds, that which 
was once an intimate circle became 
go fashionable a resort that the rooms 
of Montagu House were thronged, 
and the intimate, tea-drinking, social 
character of the assembly merged 
into one far less agreeable. 

When Mrs. Montagu died, in 1800, 
there was but one person in England 
who could be considered in any way 
her rival, and that was Mrs. Anne 
Seyrnan Darner, the famous sculptor, 
who three years previously had come 
in possession of Horace Walpole's 
seat at Strawberry Hill. She was 
over fifty years of age, of excellent 
birth, being the only child of so honor- 
able a man as General Conway, and 
was on familiar terms with all the 
famous men and women of England. 
Though not one of the original has 
bleus, she had known most of that 
society, and at Strawberry Hill, for 
nearly thirty years, she reigned the 
queen of a literal*}' and art circle that 
well-nigh eclipsed those earlier ones 
at Streatham and Montagu House. 

Her chief friends were the gifted 
Miss Eerrys, Mrs. Garrick, the charm- 
ing widow of the great actor, Mrs. 
Scott Siddons, the actress, Joanna 
Buillie the poetess, and Charles James 
Fox. The latter she was drawn to 
on account of his talents and his poli- 
tics. Gentle and kind as she was by 
nature, she could never abide a Tory. 
She kept up a correspondence with 
Hannah More, and was one of the 

few women whom Horace Walpole 
confessed were far superior to the 
majority of their sex. Her extensive 
and valuable correspondence she or- 
dered by her will to be destroyed at 
her death. 

One of her early friends was David 
Hume, the historian, and, as is well 
known, it was owing to a challenge 
of his that Mrs. Darner, then a young- 
girl, took up the art of sculpture. 
He had expressed his doubt of her 
being able to produce anything equal 
to some plaster image sold by an 
itinerant Italian peddler. Xo sooner 
said than Anne Conway set to work, 
and in a short time she had moulded 
and carved a head that quite won the 
astonishment and the admiration of 
the heavy essayist. Her work in 
sculpture comprised busts from life 
and imaginary heads. Among those 
who sat to her were Lord Nelson, the 
hero of the Nile, Mrs. Siddons and 
Fox. She is one of the few women in 
the history of the world who have 
taken up the hammer and the chisel 
and won an}' kind of success in the art. 

Airs. Darner's life is a pleasant one 
to consider. Her talents were dis- 
tinguished, her disposition fascinat- 
ing. She was always gay and lively, 
and to the last was a charming com- 
panion. In moral character she was 
irreproachable. Her marriage was 
unfortunate, but it neither gave her 
ill-fame nor touched her own heart 
with cynicism. Few women live the 
long, active and useful life and die so 
happy and so well beloved as did the 
last of The bluestocking queens. 


By Emily E. Cole 
Laws, honey, don't you worry, 
Jes' keep yo' sperrits ca'm. 
A little cloudy weather 
Am' gwine do you no harm; 
Don't you worry. 

Dere's heaps o' trouble brewing 
Wot nebber comes anigh; 
An' if it do, why, honey, 
Jes' let it hustle by. 

Don't you worry. 


By Lila Taylor 

Persona! discovery is half the joy of 
a thing, so why try to interpret a 
parable? It is told as a parable to 
give our wits something to do, as a 
problem we have worked out our- 
selves will be better remembered, a 
jewel we have mined for ourselves 
will be more prized. Still, one fears, 
as one hears of Chant ecler hats, Chan- 
tecler luncheons, Chantecler friils, 
etc., that the quaintly grotesque 
form of this play may fill the mind, 
and some may not see a high 
conception of human life beneath the 
varicolored feathers. 

Chantecler is above all else an 
idealist with a sense of his mission in 
life; his duties near at hand; the 
direction of his hens, the care of his 
chicks, to warn thorn of dangers, to 
protect them from harm; and his high 
ideal, his religion, to bring light to 
all the world, to make the sun rise by 
his crowing. 

In the first act he evades the ques- 
tions of some curious hens about the 
secret of his song. Afterward he says 
himself, "No, I will not trust a frivo- 
lous soul with a weighty secret. Let 
me try rather to cast off the burden 
of it myself — forget and (shaking his 
feathers) just rejoice in being a 
rooster! — Hang care! A barley corn 
— Eat and be merry." As one with 
an object in life may sometimes doubt 
his vision, and think for a moment 
that the Epicurean is right, and that 
he takes himself too seriously, when 
the Pheasant Hen appears, he thinks 
he finds in her a mind that can under- 
stand him, and he shares his secret 
with her. 

The thought of bringing light to 
the darkened world might well sug- 
gest the spirit of the philanthropist, 
the one voicing the needs of those in 
dark and hard conditions. Take 
Chantecler's fine revelation of his 
secret to the Pheasant Hen: "Earth 
speaks in me as in a conch, and, ceas- 

ing to be an ordinary bird, 1 become 
the mouthpiece, in some sort official, 
through which the cry of the earth 
escapes toward the sky And that 
cry is a cry of love for the Light — It 
is so wonderfully the cry of all that 
misses and mourns its color, its re- 
flection, its flame, its coronet, its 
pearl; . . . that cry which 
mounts to the sky through me is so 
greatly the cry of all that feels itself 
in disgrace, plunged in a sunless pit, 
deprived of light without knowing for 
what offense, is the cry of cold, the 
cry of fear, the cry of weariness, of all 
that night disables or disarms: — it is 
so greatly the cry toward light of all 
Beauty, all Health, all which wishes 
in sunshine and joy, to see its work, 
and do it to be seen." Does not this 
truly express the one who speaks for 
the down-trodden, those "deprived of 
light without knowing for what of- 

As the sun rises, the voices of other 
cocks answer and echo from the val- 
ley, and Chantecler exclaims: "Yes, 
they believe in the light as soon as 
they see it. I sang in total blackness. 
My song rose from the cheerless 
shade and was the first to rise. It is 
when Night prevails that it's fine to 
believe in the Light!" Bravo! Chan- 
tecler. It is fine to speak out alone 
in the darkness of evil and indiffer- 
ence! If we better things a little, 
have some success, others will join us 
and help carry on the work; but the 
voice in the dark was the germ of the 

Light is not wanted by all, how- 
ever, there are those who profit by 
the darkness. The night birds sing: 

"Praise the Night, convenient, secret, 
When in slaughtering baby rabbits 

We can do it at our ease, 
Daub the grass with blood in comfort, 
Spare the pains to look like heroes, 

Be ourselves v/here no one sees!" 

Ch a n tecler — A n In terprc ta t io n 


In their conspiracy to kill the cock, 
they all have some grudge against 
him, but above all that he brings the 
light and interferes with their trade. 
The Blackbird,, type of a cynic, is 
present at the conspiracy, although 
he says: "I am here to look on, you 
know, without taking sides — in the 
artist spirit, that's all." To which an 
owl answers wisely: "If you are not 
taking sides, then you are siding 
with us!" Our worker for good must 
expect opposition from those who 
gain by evil conditions. 

When the White Pyle has been 
boasting of his various successful en- 
counters, we have that beautiful 
speech of Chantecler s: "I, my dear 
sir, have never killed anything, but 
as I have at different times succored, 
defended, protected this one and that, 
I might, perhaps, be called in my own 
fashion, brave." Then comes the 
duel planned by the night birds, and 
interrupted by the appearance of a 
hawk. Chantecler spreads his wings 
to shelter those around, and raises his 
voice to avert the danger. He comes 
back to fight with renewed strength, 
exclaiming: "I got back my courage 
fearing for others.''' So they who 
enter into a sense of the larger life, 
the brotherhood of the human family, 
lose the petty weakness and fears of 
the one with his thoughts turned into 
self alone. '■ , j i 

4 'Black excites me as red excites the 
bull/' says our feathered hero — and 
the blackness of evil and oppression 
should excite the one ''fearing for 
others," and fighting for the light. 

Now we come to the apparent fail- 
ure. Chantecler goes to the forest 
with the Pheasant Hen, who begs him 
to forget his song, his life work, and 
think only of her. He refuses, still 
believing in his destiny. From a 
branch above come rippling the 
liquid notes of a nightingale, and he 
listens, listens, forgetting all else in a 
trance of delight, and still the silvery 
music holds him, A shot is heard, 
and the nightingale falls dead. The 
Pheasant Hen, wishing to divert his 

attention from the dawn, begs him 
to weep beneath her wing. Suddenly, 
with a backward leap, she cries scorn- 
fully, "You see that the day can 
break perfectly well without you!" 
He sees, indeed, in an agony of de- 
spair, that the sun has risen! 

For the moment she has full sway 
with her arguments that he is not 
needed, and love is best. Presently 
his crow rings out sonorous as ever. 
He must continue his life work. The 
Pheasant Hen points mockingly to 
the remains of the nightingale: 
"Your faith can no more return to 
life than can that dead bird." The 
beautiful song of another is heard, 
and a voice says: "Ia r; tne "forest 
must always be a nightingale." Chan- 
tecler exclaims with exultation., "And 
in the soul a faith so faithful that it 
comes back even after it has been 

Now what does this scene suggest 
to our worker for social betterment? 
If he sleeps, or neglects his duty, 
progress will still go on, because we 
believe Good rules this world; and 
whether we have our part in it or not, 
the sun will rise. He ma}' waver at 
times, may wander in the magic for- 
est and be spell-bound with the love- 
song of the nightingale, but duty will 
call him back. Chantecler says 
truly: "No, I shall never forget the 
noble green forest where I learned 
that he who has witnessed the death 
of his dream must either die at once 
or else arise stronger than before." 
He cannot forget his beautiful dreams 
or his disappointments, but all expe- 
rience rightly used will enrich him for 
his work. There is so much to be 
done, and he may at least be one of 
the mediums for the light which will 
finally conquer all darkness. 

Does not Chantecler himself jus- 
tify this interpretation when he says: 
"I shall not live to see shining upon 
the steeples that final total light com- 
posed of stars clustered in unbroken 
mass, but if 1 sing faithfully and 
sonorously, and if, long after me, and 

SO The Granite Monthly 

long after that, in every farmyard its French, farmyard for: "With power 

cock sings faithfully, sonorously, I to see, capacity to suffer, one may 

truly believe there will be no more come to understand all things. In an 

night." insect's death are hinted all disasters. 

Rostand is indeed a poet, who Through a knot hole can be seen the 

could get his inspiration from a little sky and marching stars.'' 


By Frank Monroe Beverly 

Adown beside the purling brook, 

Where daisies are asleep, 
And where the shades of afternoon 

Begin to gently creep, 
A maiden comely sits alone; 

A pensive face has she, 
But silence reigns — no words to say 

How deep her thoughts might be. 

Upon the knoll a rambling house, 

A relic of the years, 
There stands, and 'gainst a quiet sky 

The chimney tall appears; 
The jangling bells from far-off hills 

Come swelling thro' the air, . 
A merry sound, but yet forsooth, 

The maiden has a care. 

Yestreen her face was all aglow, 

Played o'er by sweetest smiles, 
And she was fair; and joys was hers 

To dream of after whiles; 
She crossed her lover in his words — 

And then in injured tone 
He said , "Good-bye" — Fate willed it so- 

And left the maid alone, 

And now her heart has heavy grown, 

The birds all silence keep; 
With sinking hope and pensive face, 

She sees the shadows creep; 
She's sorry for the lovers' quarr'l, 

Unpleasant thoughts obtrude, 
And so in penance now she sits — 

She sits in Solitude. 



Ralph Andrew Arnold, well known in 
Masonic circles, secretary of the A. A. S. R. 
of that order, died at his home in Nashua, 
from heart failure, on the evening of January 

Mr. Arnold was the son of Daniel and I^ora 
(Stowelt) Arnold, born in Wilmington, Conn., 
March 26. 1841. He was educated in the 
public schools. He was a clerk in a clothing 
house at West Winsted, Conn., for a time, 
then went into the employ of the Singer 
Sewing Machine Company in New York. 
Later he went to Nashua to establish an 
agency for that company, remaining about 
two years. He was then elsewhere engaged 
for three or four years, and then returned to 
Nashua, where he continued through life. 
He was for a time in the employ of the Bos- 
tun, Lowell & Nashua Railroad. In 1874, 
and again in 1870 be was city clerk, and still, 
again, in 18S4. He served several years as a 
member of the board of assessors, and in 
1907 represented his ward in the state legis- 
lature. He was a thirty-third degree Mason, 
secretary of Rising Sun Lodge, Israel Hunt 
Council and St. George Commandery of 
Nashua as well as of the New Hampshire 


George G. Davis, born in Roxbury, August 
28, 1842, died in Marlborough, December 8, 

He was the son of Joshua and Eliza Rice 
Davis. Educated in the public schools of 
Roxbury and Keene, he engaged in work in 
u box factory in Marlborough at eighteen, 
remaining till the outbreak of the Civil War, 
when he enlisted in the Second New Hamp- 
shire Regiment, serving at Bull Run and Wil- 
liamsburg. In the latter battle he was 
wounded by a shell and subsequently dis- 

iMurning to Marlborough he formed a 
partnership in the box manufacturing busi- 
ness with Luther Heminway, by whom he 
had formerly been employed, and in 1870 
purchased his partner's interest, continuing 
the business alone with good success until 
1V.U, when he sold out. He served as town 
clerk of Marlborough for fifteen years from 
1S74, and was for twenty years town treas- 
urer. He served many years as moderator, 
and also as a member of the school board. 
He represented Marlborough in the legis- 
latures of 1879 and 1881, and was a member 
01 the state senate in 1883. He also served 
three years as member of the board of com- 
ftniNsionera for Cheshire County. He was an 
Rcti ive member of the Congregational Church 
oj Marlborough, a director of the Cheshire 
County Insurance Company, of the Citizens' 

National Bank of Keene and of the Winches- 
ter National Bank. 

January 1, 1866, Mr. Davis married Miss 
Maria L. Collins, who survives him, with one 
son, Lester G. Collins of Marlborough. 


Robert Houghton Pearson, second son of 
Hon. Edward N. Pearson, secretary of state, 
born in Concord, May 30, 1SS5, died at Med- 
ford, Mass., January 4, 1911. 

He was a graduate of the Concord High 
School and Dartmouth College, Class of 1907, 
and had also taken a year's work in the 
Thayer School, following which he accepted 
a government appointment in the engineer- 
ing service on the Panama Canal, where he 
was actively engaged until October last, hav- 
ing been several times promoted, and making 
a splendid record for efficiency. The un- 
healthy climate of the Isthmus was impair- 
ing his health, however, and he deemed it 
best to resign. After a short vacation he 
decided to avail himself of a promising busi- 
ness opening in Boston, and was making 
arrangements accordingly, when a severe cold 
developed pneumonia, and a fatal result soon 
followed, thus suddenly closing a bright 
young life in which much of hope and prom- 
ise had been centered. 


Rev. Daniel Worcester Faunce, D. D., a 
native of Plymouth, Mass., born January 3, 
1829, died in Providence, R. I., January 3, 
1911. He was a leading clergyman of the 
Baptist denomination, the father of Rev. 
W. H. P. Faunce, D. D., president of 
Brown University, and was well known in 
New Hampshire from the fact that for sev- 
eral years preceding and following 1870, he 
was pastor of the First Baptist Church in 
Concord, where his son received most of his 
preliminary education. 

Dr. Faunce was a graduate of Amherst Col- 
lege of the Class of 1850, studied theology at 
Newton, was ordained in 1S53 and held pas- 
torates at Worcester, Maiden, Lynn and 
Newton, Mass., Concord, N. H., Waslnng- 
ton, D. C, and Pawtucket, R. L, resigning 
the latter at the age of seventy years. 


Thomas J. Walker, for many years well 
known in this state as a journalist and poli- 
tician, died at Lisbon on Friday, January 6. 

He was in the fifty-fifth year of his age, 
having been born at Belleville, 111.. March 12, 
1856. He lived at Springfield in childhood, 
where his step-father, Sharon Tyndal, was 
secretary of state, and a close friend of Presi- 
dent Lincoln. He was a page in the House 


The Granite Monthly 

of Representatives at Washington during the 
forty-second Congress. From 1SSQ to 1883 
he was chief clerk of the Agricultural Divi- 
sion of the Tenth Census. In the latter year 
he married Grace E. Parker, a daughter of 
the late Charles Parker of Lisbon, and a 
sister of Mrs. Mary Parker Wood worth of 
Concord. Not long after this he returned to 
this state, and established the Plymouth 
Record at Plymouth, having a natural bent 
for newspaper work, his father and grand- 
father having been both engaged in journal- 
ism. Later he conducted the Northern Her- 
ald at Lisbon, and issued various publica- 

tions designed to promote the summer busi- 
ness, and advertise the scenic attractions of 
the state. In 1S92 he was secretary of the 
New Hampshire board of managers" for the 
Columbian Exposition at Chicago. For 
some years he was the private secretary and 
confidential clerk of Gen. Stephen II. Gale of 
Exeter, but had been incapacitated by ill- 
health for active effort in any line for some 
time past. 

Besides his wife he is survived by two daugh- 
ters, Shirley P., wife of Lieut. Clark P. 
Chandler, U. S. A., and Ann, wife of Stewart 
D. "Warner of New York. 


On February 3, 1S11, Horace Greeley, 
founder of the New York Tribune, and the 
greatest of American newspaper editors, was 
born in the town of Amherst, in this state 
where still stands the humble dwelling in 
which he first saw the light. On the one hun- 
dredth anniversary of that day, Friday, Feb- 
ruary 3, 1911, appropriate exercises in honor 
of his memory will be held at Chappaqua, 
Westchester County, N. Y., where the great 
editor made his home, and where he breathed 
his last, November 29, 1S72, just after the 
close of the fateful campaign, whose outcome 
shattered his fondest hopes and delayed for 
years the reconciliation between the North 
and South which, after the overthrow of 
slavery, it was Ins most ardent desire to 
effect. In this Greeley homestead at Chap- 
paqua still resides Mr. Greeley's daughter, 
Gabrielle Greeley Clendenin, and in the house 
is still preserved the old wooden case from 
which her father set type when learning the 
printer's trade in youth. At a near-by site, 
facing the old home, a memorial monument 
is to be erected by an association which has 
been for some time raising funds for the pur- 
pose, and under whose auspices the me- 
morial exercise mentioned will be held . New 
Hampshire people will be interested in this 
project, but should be more deeply interested 
in the inauguration of a movement to set up 
some fitting memorial at his birthplace in 
Amherst, the inhabitants of which town are 
also planning an observance in his honor on 
the same date. 

The Democrats in the Massachusetts legis- 
lature nominated and supported as their 
candidate for United States Senator Sherman 
L. Whipple, the noted and successful lawyer, 
who has long stood in the front rank of the 
Boston bar, although still comparatively a 

young man. New Hampshire people, regard- 
less of party, take pride in the tribute to Mr. 
Whipple's ability, remembering that he was 
born and reared in their midst, being a son of 
the late Dr. Solomon L. Whipple of New- 
London, in which town he was born and 
received his early education, later marrying 
a New- Hampshire girl, daughter of the late 
Judge L. B. Clough of Manchester. 

The General Court is now in session at 
Concord, with business enough blocked out 
to command its attention for many weeks, 
but with no certainty that it will accomplish 
anything for the actual good of the state. 
While there are no partisan issues properly 
involved in any measure that can legitimately 
be considered, there are indications that some 
men in each of the great parties may be more 
intent upon securing advantages for their 
respective political organizations than upon 
promoting the general welfare. There is 
room for hope, however, that patriotic coun- 
sels will prevail, and that something in the 
line of real progress will be accomplished. 

Bound volumes of the Granite Monthly 
for 1906, 1907, 190S, 1909 and 1910 will be 
given in exchange for the unbound copies for 
the same for 50 cents per volume, or the entire 
set of five volumes, embracing all of the new- 
series, will be sent to any subscriber, old or 
new, for $2.50 and expressage. 

The February and March numbers of the 
Graxite Monthly will be combined in a 
double number, to be issued in the latter 
month, the leading feature of which will be 
an illustrated article on the legislature of 

I _ I. 

I VOL. XLIIf. Nos. 2-3 

F E ERU AR Y- M ARC K 191 

New Scries, Vet. VI. Not. 2-3 



1 V .. - 1 \ \ ..- 


A New Hampshire Magazine 


l I Devoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress j 




i i 







rcfl Among the Legislators of 1911 
"5^1 Illustrated. 

•§?E* An Unforgiven Puritan . 

£cjfc) By Victor C. Sanborn* 

^S "The Hilltop" i . • 

By Edgar Sherman Hathorne. 

^ Reminiscences of Early Life in New England 
By John Bachelder. 


84 %tt 1 
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*^s % New Hampshire Necrology - 

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CONCORD; N. H., 1911 

Entered at the pout office at O mqord as seoojul -class mail matter. 


S!MKW»*«KK!H WWBSa <-.■ 













> ;>> 


Governor of New Hampshire. 


•V 699004 

The Granite Monthly 

Vol. XLIII, Xo. 2-3 FE15RrAKY-MARCH,1911NEwSEKiF.s,VoL.C,No.i!- 


The youngest man to occupy the 
office of governor of New Hampshire., 
during the last seventy-five years, 
is the present incumbent, Robert 
Perkins Bass of Peterborough, a 
native of Chicago, 111., born Sep- 
tember 1, 1873. 

Although born in the great metrop- 
olis of the Central West, Governor 
Bass comes of pure New England 
ancestry, his father, the late Hon. 
Perkins Bass, friend and associate 
of Abraham Lincoln, and active mana- 
ger of the campaign for his reelection 
to the presidency in the state of 
Illinois, was a native of Vermont, 
arid largely educated in New Hamp- 
shire — at Kimball Union Academy 
and Dartmouth College, graduating 
from the latter in 1852, and locating 
in Chicago in 1854, in the practice of 
law, which he followed with eminent 
success. He was appointed by Presi- 
dent Lincoln United States District 
Attorney for the Northern District 
of Illinois, and was deeply interested 
in public affairs in Chicago, partic- 
ularly in the development of its 
educational system, as well as that 
of the state, serving on both the city 
and state boards of education. 

The Governor's mother, Clara 
(roster) Bass, is a direct descendant 
of that William Smith, born in Money- 
more, Ireland, in 1723, who came 
jrith his parents, Robert and Eliza- 
|'<-'th^ (Morrison) Smith, to America 
»* 1736, and subsequently settled 
&t Lunenburg, Mass. When Peter- 
borough was opened to settlement, 

William Smith was among the first 
to locate in town. He made his 
habitation in the central southern 
part of the town, on a splendid eleva- 
tion, since known as ''Elm Hill/' 
and commanding a broad and beauti- 
ful landscape view. He was an 
industrious and thrifty farmer, rapid- 
ly increased his holdings, reared a 
large family and became one of the 
most influential citizens of the town. 
Lie was a sturdy patriot and a mem- 
ber of the provincial congress that 
met in Exeter in 1775. One of his 
children was the eminent lawyer and 
statesman, Jeremiah Smith, who made 
his home in Exeter, and became active 
in the councils of the state and nation, 
after having been admitted to the 
bar and commenced practice in Peter- 
borough. Another son, Jonathan, 
succeeded to the home farm, and 
followed his father as a leader in the 
affairs of the town. Lie had a large 
family of children one of whom, 
Nancy, the third daughter to attain 
womanhood, became the wife of 
Dr. John H. Foster, a native of 
Hillsborough, who practised in New 
London and Dublin and, later, re- 
moved to Chicago where he acquired 
a large fortune. Of their three 
daughters, two married lawyers of 
distinction, Clara, the eldest, becom- 
ing the wife of Perkins Bass, and 
Adele, the youngest, of George E. 
Adams, formerly a representative in 
Congress from one of the Chicago 
districts, who has a summer home 
with his family on the old "Elm 
Hill" homestead settled by William 


The Granite Monthly 

Smith, while Perkins Bass and his 
wive, Clara, secured, in 1SS2, as a 
home and final abiding place, the 
adjoining farm to the north, which 
had been the home of Jonathan, the 
second son of William Smith, the 
original settler. The fine old man- 
sion on the place was converted into 
an attractive modern country home, 
many of the distinctive and interest- 
ing old-time features of the interior 
being preserved, however. Here the 
family have dwelt and have been 
actively identified with the interests 
of the town. Here Perkins Bass 
died, October 9, 1S99, and here has 
been the residence of his son, the 
present governor, with his mother 
and sister, while his elder brother, 
John F. Bass, the noted war corres- 
pondent has established a home in 
another part of the town. 

Governor Bass graduated from 
Harvard College in 1896, and sub- 
sequently entered upon the study 
of law, attending the Harvard Law 
School for a year, but, on account of 
his father's failing health, it became 
advisable for him to abandon his 
purpose in that direction, and devote 
himself to the care of extensive real 
estate and other business interests, 
in Chicago and elsewhere, which 
have commanded his attention in 
large measure, as a trustee and exe- 
cutor under the will, since his father's 

This Peterborough estate embraces 
some five hundred acres of land, with 
strong soil and fine agricultural possi- 
bilities, to the cultivation of which, 
in accordance with improved modern 
methods, the governor has given no 
little attention; but the subject of 
forestry has specially commanded his 
interest, and to it he has devoted 
much thought and attention, making 
practical demonstrations in various 
branches of the subject, including 
extensive operations in reforestation 
on a large tract of land in the adjoin- 
ing town of Sharon belonging to the 
outlying state. His work along this 
line commended him to the attention 
of Governor McLane as a man emi- 

nently qualified for service on the state 
forestry commission, to which lie 
appointed him in 1906, and in which 
position he rendered valuable service 
up to the time of his election as 

In November, 1904, he was chosen 
a representative in the state Legis- 
lature from the town of Peterborough, 
but was debarred from active service 
during the session by illness. Re- 
elected to the succeeding Legislature, 
he was conspicuous during the session 
of 1907 among the leaders of the 
young and progressive element of 
the Republican party intent upon 
the furtherance of reform measures. 
He was a member and clerk of the 
Committee on Forestry and chairman 
of the Committee on Retrenchment 
and Reform, which conducted, by 
order of the Legislature, under his 
direction, a thorough and compre- 
hensive investigation of all the depart- 
ments of the state government, as to 
expenditures and methods, and pre- 
sented a valuable and exhaustive 

Two years later he was the suc- 
cessful nominee of his party for elec- 
tion to the State Senate from the 
Fifteenth District, and during the 
session of 1909, in the upper branch 
of the General Court he became the 
leader in the initiation and support 
of practical reform measures designed 
to emancipate political parties from 
machine domination, and the people 
at large from the tyranny of special 
interests. He drafted and was largely 
instrumental in the enactment of the 
present direct primary law, under 
whose operation, as he then little 
suspected would be the case, he was 
nominated and subsequently elected 
governor of the state. 

Although not himself seeking the 
nomination, but strongly Urging the 
choice of another, he seemed to be 
the only man upon whom the pro- 
gressive element of his party could 
unite, and, finally, yielding to pres- 
sure from all sides, he consented to 
announce his candidacy and make 
the canvass for nomination, which 



he did with such effect, addressing 
the Republicans of all sections of the 
-tale, that he received about two 
thirds of all the votes cast by his 
part)' at the primaries. His subse- 
quent campaign for the election was 
prosecuted with the vigor and earnest- 
ness which characterizes all his under- 
takings, and, after a canvass in which 
he met and addressed the people in 
all the larger places and many of the 
small towns of the state, earnestly 
advocating the progressive policies 
to which he stood committed, and 
developing remarkable power as an 
effective and convincing speaker, 
he was elected by a plurality of more 
than 7,000 over his Democratic oppo- 
nent and a majority of more than 
5 : U00 over a.ll — a result more flatter- 
ing than even his most sanguine 
supporters had anticipated, and cer- 
tainly surprising in view of the gen- 
eral tendency to Democratic success 
in the elections throughout the coun- 

Upon the convening of the Legis- 
lature and his formal inauguration, 
as chief magistrate, in the first week 

in January, Governor Bass delivered 
a striking inaugural address in which 
he emphasized the progressive poli- 
cies as whose exponent he had been 
chosen, and outlined the measures 
deemed necessary to carry the same 
into effect in the administration of 
the government. He has devoted 
himself assiduously throughout the 
session, by all legislative means in 
his power, to the promotion of the 
legislation deemed necessary; and in 
a special message, transmitted to 
both branches on the 9th of March, 
he searchingly reviewed the situation, 
indicating such progress as had been 
made, and the important work re- 
maining to be done, if the manifest 
wishes of the people were to be 
regarded, and the reform measures, 
substantially promised, carried into 
effect. His consideration of the 
vexed questions growing out of the 
relations between the railroads and 
the public has apparently been guided 
by a high sense of duty, and a deter- 
mination to be absolutely fair to all 
interests, while sacrificing in no degree 
any of the rights of the people. 


By Stewart Everett Rowe 

As years pass on in swift, unceasing way, 
As life's glad morning deepens unto night; 
Yes, when I'm old and feeble, weak of sight, 

And when my hair from brown has turned to gray: 

"lis then I'll gaze in sweet and sad survey 
Upon the future and upon the past, 
Gaze backward o'er my life then ending fast, 

And dream what I shall find beneath the day. 

Then is the time, dear soul, I'll know that you 
Were born for me to love, yes, born for me: 

I'll know you would have loved me firm and true 
Had you not loved so fondly to be free; 

So I will know, when life is nearly spent, 
And knowing, I can live and die content. 


Hon. William D. Swart, 
President Seic Hampshire Senate. 




Hon. William D. Swart. President 
of the Senate, was born in New King- 
ston, New York, July 9, 1856, son 
of William R. and Eliza (Dumond) 
Swart. Llis ancestors on both sides 
came from Holland and were among 
the first European settlers of New 
York state, locating at and near 
Kingston on the Hudson River. His 
great-grandfather, son of Samuel 
Swart, lost his entire possessions at 
the time the British burned the city 
of Kingston, during the Revolutionary 
War, and his grandfather, Samuel 
Swart, served throughout the War 
of 1812 with honor and distinction. 
On the maternal side he traces his 
ancestry back nine generations to 
Walerandt Du Mont, who married 
in Kingston, January 13, 1664, Mar- 
garet Hendrick, and who was at that 
timeserving on the staff of the Noble 
Lord Director, General Stuyvesant, 
in the Netherlandish service, stationed 
at Kingston, N. Y. 

William Dumond Swart was edu- 
cated in the public schools of Marga- 
retville and at the Wesley an Academy 
at Wilbraham, Mass., finishing at 
the age of eighteen. After leaving 
school, he was in the employ of Evans, 
Peak, & Co., of New York City, 
wholesale dry goods merchants, for 
five years; and with Bates, Reed and 
Cooley in the same business, two 
years. In 1880, he engaged in the 
decorative art business which he 
carried on successfully in Newark, 
N. J., for seven years. After spend- 
ing two years in travel in this country, 
he located in Nashua, in this state, 
in February, 1890, going into the 
retail lumber business with Charles 
A. Roby, under the firm name of 
Roby & Swart. Two years later the 
firm purchased the edge tool works 
in the same city and added a wood 

working plant. In 189-1 the retail 
business was consolidated with F. D. 
Cook & Co., Roby & Swart retaining 
the manufacturing and wholesale 
business under the name of Roby & 
Swart Manufacturing Co. Mr. Swart 
is a director in the former company 
and director and treasurer in the 
latter. He is also a director and 
president of the Nashua Machine 
Company; director and vice-president 
of the Nashua Trust Company; 
director and president of the London- 
derry Spring Water Company; direc- 
tor and treasurer of Nashua Building 
Company; director and treasurer of 
the Nashua Paper Box Company; 
director and treasurer of the American 
Box & Lumber Companv. In 1893 
to 1895, and again in 1907 and 1908 
he was president of the Board of 
Trade. He was a member of the 
Common Council from 1893 to 1895, 
being president for two years. He 
was appointed aide with the rank of 
colonel on Governor Ramsdell's staff 
in 1897. He is a Congregationalist 
in religion; a thirty-second degree 
Mason and a member of Rising Sun 
Lodge. Free and Accepted Masons, 
Aaron P. Hughes Council, St. George 
Chapter, and Commandery of the 
E. A. Raymond Consistory and of the 
Aaron P. Hughes Lodge of Perfection 
Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rites, 
also a member of Bektash Temple, 
order of the Mystic Shrine. 

In politics, Mr. Swart has always 
been a Republican, and has filled 
various offices in the Nashua city 
government. He was elected from 
Ward 1 as Representative to the 
General Court for 1909-10, serving 
as a member of the Committee on 
Banks and as chairman of the Com- 
mittee on State Prison, and as 
Senator from the nineteenth district 
for 1911-12, of which honorable body 











Hon. Frank A. Musfirove, 
Speaker New Hayipshire House of Representatives. 

Among the Legislators of 1911 


he was chosen president. He married 
October 7, 1890, Lizzie A., daughter 
of Luther A. Roby of Nashua. They 
have two children, Elizabeth and 
William Roby Swart. 

President Swart demonstrated his 
absolute independence of partisan 
bias so far as the administration of 
Ills office is concerned, by assigning 
each of the eight Democratic Senators 
to a committee chairmanship at the 
opening of the session, and in pre- 
siding over the deliberations of the 
Senate his action has invariably been 
characterized by courtesy, fairness 
and impartiality. 


While a far larger proportionate 
number of men under fifty 3'ears of 
age have held the office of speaker of 
the New Hampshire House of Repre- 
sentatives, than have been chosen 
president of the Senate or governor 
of the state, the present incumbent 
of the former office — Hon. Frank A. 
Musgrove of Hanover — is among the 
youngest to occupy the position in 
recent years, being now in his thirty- 
ninth year. 

The youngest man, so "far as is 
known, to be elected speaker, was 
William E. Chandler of Concord, who 
was first chosen in June, 1863, when 
but a few months past his twenty- 
seventh birthday; though Harry Hib- 
bard of Bath, who served in the same 
office in 1844, had but just completed 
his twenty-eighth year when elected. 
Napoleon B. Bryant, speaker in 1855, 
was but thirty years at the time, and 
no man younger than he has served 
since that date, except Air. Chandler, 
the youngest after him being Cyrus 
H. Little of Manchester, who was 
elected in January, 1891, at the age 
of thirty-one. 

Mr. Alusgrove was born in the 
town of Bristol, July 19, 1872, the 
son of Capt. Richard W. and Etta 
(Guild) Alusgrove. His father, long 
editor and publisher of the Bristol 
Enterprise, rendered gallant service 
for the Union cause in the Civil War, 

and has since been active in public 
and political affairs. He was educated 
in the public schools of his native 
town, at the New Hampton Institu- 
tion and Dartmouth College, grad- 
uating from the latter in 1S97. While 
a student he was much interested in 
athletics and in newspaper work, 
having laid the foundation for the 
latter in his father's office at Bristol. 
During his senior year he was editor- 
in-chief of the Dartmouth, the leading 
college publication, and after grad- 
uation he acquired the management 
of the Hanover Gazette, a weekly news- 
paper at the college town, which he 
has greatly improved and in connec- 
tion with which he has built up and 
conducts an extensive job printing 

Air. Alusgrove first interested him- 
self actively in politics in the cam- 
paign of 1906, when he became one 
of the signers of the request to Win- 
ston Churchill of Cornish to become 
a candidate for the Republican nomi- 
nation for governor on the "reform" 
platform; and backed his candidacy 
on the stump during the ante-conven- 
tion campaign. At the polls, in 
November of that year, he was a 
candidate for representative from 
Hanover in the state legislature and 
was elected by a larger vote than was 
given any other man on the ticket. 
During the following session in which 
he served as a member of the Railroad 
Committee he took an active part 
in the work of the House, both in 
committee and on the floor. 

Reelected to the Legislature of 1909, 
he was among the most conspicuous 
and aggressive champions of what had 
come to be known as the "progressive 
policies" among the Republicans of 
the House, and gained high reputa- 
tion as a rarely forceful and logical 
debater. He served as supervisor of 
the United States Census of 1910 for 
this state, and was secretary of the 
Republican State Committee in the 
last campaign. 

Again elected to the House last 
November, he announced his candi- 
dacy for the speakership immediately 


The Granite Monthly 

after the withdrawal of Rosecrans W. 
Pillsbury, and was nominated without 
material opposition in the caucus of 
his party. 

As a presiding officer he has been 
eminently fair, invariably courteous, 
has manifested a thorough mastery 
of parliamentary procedure, and a 
readiness in the dispatch of business 
unsurpassed by any of his prede- 
cessors in office. 

have come to be regarded as holding 
a permanent tenure, the period of 
their continuous service running back 
into the last century and exceeding 
that of any other men now living. 
Indeed without their presence and 
influence in straightening out par- 
liamentary tangles, and directing the 
course of legislation, the House would 
be very much like the play of Hamlet 
with the title role omitted, as the 


William J. Ahern. 

Mr. Musgrove is a Mason, an Odd 
Fellow, a Patron of Husbandry and 
a member of the Methodist church. 
In January, 1908, he married Miss 
Lillia D. Howe of Concord. They 
have one child — a daughter. 


There are two members of the 
House in the present Legislature who 

expression goes. These men are Wil- 
liam J. Ahern of Concord and James 
E. French of Moultonborough, than 
which there are no more familiar 
names in the legislative history of the 
state for the last two decades. 

Mr. Ahern, who is a native of Con- 
cord, fifty-five years of age, is now 
serving his eighth term in the House, 
consecutive except for a break of one 
term, during which he was deputy 

Among the Legislators of 1911 


sheriff .-[and ' jailer for Merrimack 
County. He is, as he has heretofore 
been, a member of the Appropriations 
and Railroad Committees, his service 
on the former being invaluable to the 
state from his long experience,, and 
his familiarity with the needs of vari- 
ous institutions, with which lie has 
been brought into close relations 
through his service as secretary of the 
State Board of Charities and Corree- 

and who mixed trade and Republican 
politics in about equal parts for a long 
series of years, finally retiring from 
the former and devoting himself 
wholly to the latter, is now on his 
eighth consecutive term in the House, 
but also served one term as long ago 
as 1878, and a term in the State 
Senate of 1887, so that he is'now really 
on his tenth term of legislative serv- 
ice. He-has served many years on the 






Hon. James E. French. 

tion. He is a skilled parliamentarian, 
a sagacious manager and a forceful 
speaker, but while frequently heard, 
it is only when the situation requires 
it. He never talks merely to be heard, 
or to hear himself, and what he says 
is always directly to the point. 

Hon. James E. French, of Moult on- 
borough, who was born in Tufton- 
borough in 1845, was educated in the 
public schools and Tilton Seminary, 

Appropriations and Railroad Com- 
mittees, but in the present House was 
promoted to the Judiciary, a position 
to which laymen seldom aspire, but 
in which his long experience in legis- 
lative work has enabled him to render 
most' efficient service, though his habit 
of looking after the finances, through 
which he long ago became known as 
the " watch dog" of the state treas- 
ury, has not forsaken hirn, fortunately 


The Granite Monthly 

for the state, since without his watch- 
ful care more extravagances than are 
would be indulged in, to the discom- 
fiture of the taxpayers. 


The senator from District No. 7, 
Hon. Robert J. Merrill, of Claremont, 
who was a member and clerk of the 
Judiciary Committee of the House 
in both 1907 and 1909, and rendered 
active service in both Legislatures, 
came into the upper branch, this 






Hon. Robert J. Merrill. 

year, well equipped for work in the 
interests of the state, and earnestly 
determined to do all in his power to 
promote the same from the stand- 
point of a progressive Republican, 
who believes that party pledges ought 
to be kept, and that promises should 
bear fruit in performance. He has 
been the leading advocate in the 
Senate of the measures to which the 
Republican party was committed by 
its last state platform, and which 
have been advocated by Governor 
Bass, and that many of these measures 
have failed to command the support 
of the majority is certainly no fault 
of his. He has labored in season and 

out of season for their success, while 
diligently watching the course of 
legislation in other lines, and further- 
ing all measures which he regarded 
conducive to the general welfare. 

Mr. Merrill is a native of Clare- 
mont, born October 18, 1S78, the 
son of Martin V. and Helen E. 
(Baker) Merrill, was educated in the 
public schools and the Charlestown 
High School, studied law for some 
time and was then engaged for several 
years as a court stenographer, He 
then engaged in the insurance b si- 
ness, and has successfully continued 
therein. He is one of the leading 
spirits of the Claremont Board of 
Trade, of which he has been secretary 
since its organization. He is also a 
trustee of the Claremont Savings 
Bank. Politically he has been identi- 
fied with the progressive wing of the 
Republican party since the movement 
was inaugurated by Winston Chur- 
chill in 1906, and was secretary of the 
New Hampshire Taft Club in 1908. 
In religion he is an Episcopalian. 
He married, in 1904, Miss Abbie M. 
Robertson of Charlestown. 

Mr. Merrill is chairman of the 
Senate Committee on Claims, and a 
member of the Judiciary, Elections, 
Incorporations and State Prison Com- 


Next to the speakership, the posi- 
tion of chairman of the Judiciary 
Committee of the House, is generally 
regarded as the most important and 
influential in that body, and the 
selection of an incumbent, unless 
there happens to be some member of 
preeminent ability as a lawyer and 
experience as a legislator, whose 
appointment comes as a matter of 
course, is one of the most difficult and 
delicate of the speaker's duties. When 
the present Legislature assembled 
there was no such man among the 
majority party members, though the 
very considerable experience and rec- 
ognized standing as a party leader of 
Rosecrans W. Pillsbury of London- 

Among the Legislators of 1911 


deny would doubtless have insured 
him the position had he not declined 
to be considered in such connection, 
for the same reason that had caused 
his withdrawal from the field as a 
candidate for the speakership. 

There was no Republican lawyer 
and legislator in the membership of 
the House, ' 'looming large" in experi- 
ence and ability, whom the speaker 
could call to this important service, 

it seemed necessary to give the posi- 
tion to some young man, without 
previous training in the legislative 
field; and Benjamin W. Couch, of 
Ward 5, Concord, a new and com- 
paratively youthful member, was 
selected and the result has shown that 
no mistake was made. Never has 
the work of this committee been 
directed with more tact and judgment 
than by Mr. Couch, and never has a 

,- -. ■ - 

Benjamin W. Couch. 

and it was a matter of interesting 
speculation, during the time while he 
had the committee assignments under 
consideration, just where his choice 
would fall. The Republican member 
of most legal experience and largest 
legislative service was not regarded 
as sufficiently '"close" to Governor 
Bass and the "progressive" element 
of the party, in control of the situation 
to warrant his appointment, and so 

young member more promptly won 
a commanding position on the floor of 
the House, and that without assump- 
tion or ostentation. 

Mr. Couch is a son of Benjamin 
Warren and Susan Cornell (Wood- 
ward) Couch, his father being a 
native of Warner and his mother of 
Hartland, Vt. He was born in Con- 
cord August 19, 1873. He graduated 
from Dartmouth College in 1896 and 


The Granite Monthly 

from the Harvard Law School in 1899, 
having pursued his legal studies in 
the office of Leach & Stevens, with 
which he was associated after his 
admission to the bar. He has already 
established a position as an industrious 
and successful practitioner. He is 
an ardent and active Republican, and 
as such has served in both branches 
of the Concord City government 
under the old charter, and was pres- 
ident of the Common Council. He 
was also his party's candidate for 
mayor in 190S. In religion he is a 

He has been a member of the Con- 
cord Police Commission, is a trustee 
of the New Llampshire State Hospital 
and of the Merrimack County Sav- 
ings Bank. He is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, and of the Y\ r ono- 
lancet and Passaconoway Clubs. 

November 8, 1900, he married Miss 
Gertrude A. Underhill of Concord. 

of Lisbon, who, during his long life 
of nearly a century, cherished the 
principles of Jefferson and labored 
for their ascendency in public affairs 
— and the grandson follows in his 

He was educated in the Boston 
Latin School, Harvard College and 
the Harvard Law School, was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1899, and located 
in practice in the town of Lisbon, 
pursuing his profession for about five 
years, when his health demanded a 
change and he engaged in farming in 


When the Legislature of 1909 con- 
vened, a young man, unknown in the 
Capital City and never before heard 
of in New Hampshire politics or pub- 
lic life, reported in the House, accred- 
ited from the town of Landaff. He 
attracted no attention at first and 
"cut no figure" in the House proceed- 
ings, but before the session closed he 
had come to be recognized as among 
the ablest members in the House, and 
a power to be reckoned with whenever 
he chose to participate in debate, 
which was only when he had a real 
interest in the question at issue, or 
some vital principle was at stake. 
When the returns came in from the 
town of Landaff at the last election, 
the first thing noted was the repre- 
sentative column, the appearance of 
Mr. Stevens' name therein giving gen- 
eral satisfaction. 

Mr. Stevens was born June 18, 
1874, in Binghamton, N. Y., the son 
of P. Bartlett Stevens, and a grandson 
of that well-known Democratic leader 
of Grafton County, the late Michael 
M. Stevens, long of Lyman and later 

Raymond B. Stevens. 

the adjoining town of Landaff, where 
he still continues. His first active 
experience in political life was had 
in his canvass for the Legislature in 
the fall of 1908 and his subsequent 
service therein; but, fortunately, it 
w r as not his last, nor is that likely to 
be had for many years if his life and 
health are spared. 

His committee service in the last 
Legislature was on. the Revision of 
the Laws. He participated in several 
important debates, on the floor, being 
specially active in the support of what 
was generally known as progressive 

Among the Legislators of 1911 


legislation. In the last state cam- 
paign he took an active part in advo- 
cacy of the Democratic cause on the 
>tmnp. In the present House he is a 
member of the Committees on the 
Judiciary, Ways and Means, and the 
Special Committee on Railroad Rates, 
taking special interest in the work of 
the hitter, and championing: the meas- 
ure which it reported as a basis of the 
settlement of the controversy between 

Lucier of Nashua, senator from Dis- 
trict No. 20, who had been a prom- 
inent member of the House in the 
Legislatures of 1907 and 1909, serving 
both terms upon the Judiciary Com- 
mittee, and the Committee on Rules, 
and in 1909 upon the special Com- 
mittee to investigate the affairs of 
Hillsborough County. 

Mr. Lucier is a native of Nashua, 
born June 6, 1869. He was educated 

Hon. Alvin J. Lucier. 

the railroad and the state on the floor 
(; - the House, as well as speaking 
with effect upon other important 
questions. He is chairman of the 
democratic House organization. 


1 he complimentary nomination for 
1 resident of the Senate was worthily 
Stowed by the Democrats of. the 
Upper branch, upon Hon. Alvin J. 

in the Nashua public schools, at St. 
Hyacinthe College, and the Boston 
University Law School, graduating 
from the latter in 1891, and con- 
tinuing his legal studies in Nashua.. 
He was admitted to the bar and has 
since been in active and successful 
practice in Nashua. 

Mr. Lucier is a Roman Catholic, 
and a member of St. Jean Baptiste 
Society, Cercle Montcalm and the 


The Granite Monthly 

Knights of Columbus. He also be- 
longs to the Derryfield Club of Man- 
chester and the Vesper Country Club 
of Lowell, Mass. He is married and 
has three children. 

He is chairman of the Senate Com- 
mittee on Revision of the Laws, 
and a member of the Judiciary, 
Labor, State Prison and Industrial 
School, Public Improvements and 
Rules Committees, and a Senate 
member of the joint Committee on 
Rules. As a senator he has labored 
to the extent of his ability to advance 
those measures designed to secure to 
the people the fullest measure of 
influence in the government under 
which they live, and to insure the 
redemption of platform pledges, par- 
ticularly on the part of his own party. 


Ward One, Concord, gave a good 
account of itself at the recent election 
so far as the choice of representatives 
in the General Court is concerned, 
making choice of two level headed, 
practical business men, both thorough- 
going Democrats. Of these George E. 
Farrand was chosen for the second 
term of service, having been a mem- 

ber in 1909, when he served on the 
Committee on Incorporations. In the 
present House he is not only a mem- 
ber of the important Committee on 
Ways and Means, but of the Com- 
mittee on Mileage of which he is 
clerk, and also of the Special Com- 
mittee on Railroad Rates, before 
which has come the most important 
work of the session, in some respects, 
and of which he has been assistant 

Mr. Farrand has been for the last 
eight years successfully engaged in a 
general merchandize business at Pena- 
cook, previous to which he was in the 
coal and wood business. He is a 
native of Penacook, son of William 
and Elizabeth A. (Jones) Farrand, born 
May 1, 1872, and was educated in 
the schools of Penacook and Man- 
chester. In religion he is an Episco- 
palian. He is an officer in his local 
school district, and in the Penacook 
Board of Trade. He is also a member 
of the Democratic State Committee. 
At the opening of the Session he was 
made secretary of the Democratic 
organization. June 21, 1899, he mar- 
ried Miss Ruth A. Minot. They 
have two children. 


Among the oldest and most experi- 
enced members of the present Legis- 
lature is Hon. Ezra M. Smith of 
Peterborough, a member of the Judi- 
ciary Committee of the House, and 
chairman of the scarcely less impor- 
tant Committee of Ways and Means. 

Mr. Smith was born in the town of 
Langdon, January 25, 1838; was 
educated in the public schools of that 
town and Alstead, at Cold River 
Union Academy in Alstead, Tubbs 
Union Academy, Washington, and at 
the Law Department of Albany 
University, graduating from the latter 
in 1861. "He studied in the office of 
Hon. Edmund L. Gushing of Charles- 
town, and continued his legal studies 
with Dearborn & Scott of Peterbor- 
ough; was admitted to the New 
Hampshire bar in May, 1864, and 

Amonp the Legislators of 1911 


the following year purchased the 
interest of Mr. Dearborn in the firm 
and the new firm of Scott & Smith 
was established, continuing till Mr. 
Scott's retirement two years later, 
since when he has continued alone in 
the successful practice of his profession. 
Mr. Smith has served the town of 
Peterborough as a member of the 
school board ten years, and as a 
member of the board of selectmen 

his fifth term of service as a member 
of the House. Few present members 
have served longer and none more 
efficiently. Mr. Smith is a good 
lawyer, a clear thinker, and a logical 
and effective debater. ' He speaks 
frequently, but never except when 
lie has something to say that he 
believes should be said, and he never 
speaks without commanding the at- 
tention of the House. 



Hon. Ezra M. Smith. 

twenty-three years. He was also 
judge of its police court from April, 
1899, till the completion of his seven- 
tieth year, January 25, 1908, when 
he reached the constitutional age 
limit: He first served in the Legis- 
lature in 1871, and was a delegate 
in the Constitutional Convention of 
1876. He was again a representative 
m 1901, reelected for the following 
term, and was also a member of the 
last Legislature so that he is now on 

Mr. Smith is a member of Peter- 
borough Lodge I. O. O. F., and Union 
Encampment, having passed the 
chairs in each and is also a past 
master of Peterborough Grange, 
Patrons of Husbandry. He is a 
member of the Congregational church. 
October 4, 18G6, he married Miss 
Mary S. Fairbanks. They have a 
son and daughter— Orrin F. and Etta 
M. Smith. 


The Granite Monthly 


For the second successive term, 
Guy H. Cutter is a representative 
from his native town of Jaffrey in 
the State Legislature, serving on 



and seventy-eight more than the 
defeated candidate. He is a Con- 
gregationalist in religion, and is un- 

Xo member has kept a sharper 
lookout upon the progress of legis- 
lation than Mr. Cutter, or worked 
more zealously in furtherance of 
measures that have commanded his 
approval, and in the support of which 
he has often spoken to good effect. 







Milon D. Cummings, Republican 
representative from Ward Four, Con- 
cord, is a native of the town of 
Acworth, the youngest son of Dea. 
Alvah and Polly (Grout) Cummings, 
his father being one of the best 
farmers in that fine agricultural 
town. He was born March 5, 1844, 
educated at the common school and 
Tilton Seminary, and located in 

Guy H. Cutter. 

the Judiciary Committee, of which 
he is one of the youngest but 
most industrious members, and also 
on the Committee on Elections and 
Revision of the Laws. 

He was born August 1, 1882, the 
the son of Lucius and Carrie (Law- 
rence) Cutter. He graduated from 
Clark College, Worcester, Mass., with 
its first class, in 1905, and from the 
Harvard Law School in 1908, having 
been admitted to the Massachusetts 
bar in February of that year. He 
was the first Democrat elected from 
Jat'frey in fifty years, and served in 
the last House as a member of the 
Committee on Revision of the Laws. 
He served as secretary of the Demo- 
cratic State Committee in the Cam- 
paigns of 190S and 1910, with great 
zeal and efficiency. His popularity 
in his own town is evidenced by the 
fact that he received fifty-one more 
votes than his Republican colleague, 

■ _ . ~..i- 

Milon D. Cummings. 

Concord in 1863, uniting with his- 
brother, the late Hon. George A. 
Cummings, in the marble and granite 
business, of which he is the present 
head, the firm of Cummings Bros. 

Among the Legislators of 1911 


enjoying a high reputation throughout 
the state. Having been continuously 
in business for forty-seven years, he 
ranks as a veteran among Concord 
business men, but is still in the prime 
of physical vigor and mental activity. 
Mr. Cummings is a member of the 
Committee on Kailroads and of the 
Special Committee on Apportion- 
ment of Representatives for the next 


The most experienced member of 
the most important committee must, 
naturally, be accorded high rank 
among the leaders of the House. 
When he is recognized, at the same 
time, as the ablest and most effective 
orator taking part in its debates his 
prominence becomes unquestioned. 

William F. Whitcher. 

ten years, and has been closely atten- 
tive to his duties thereon as well as 
constant in his attendance during 
the sessions of the House. He is a 
member of Rumford Lodge, I. O. 
0. F. and his religious connection is 
with the First Baptist Church. No- 
vember 18, 1868, he married Miss 
Sarah A. Sawyer. They have five 

Such is the status of William F. 
Whitcher of Haverhill, now serving 
his fifth term in the House as a 
member of the Judiciary Committee, 
although educated for the ministry 
instead of the law, and having been 
engaged in journalism the greater 
part of his active life. 

Mr. Whitcher is a son of that old 
Democratic "War Horse," Ira Whitch- 


The Granite Monthly 

er of Benton, associate of Harry 
Bingham. Jeremiah Blodgett, Michael 
M. Stevens and their compeers who 
kept Grafton County in line for the 
Democracy long after most other 
counties had become hopelessly Re- 
publican. He was born in Benton, 
August 10, 1S45. Prepared at Tilton 
Seminary lie entered Wesley an Uni- 
versity, graduating with high honors 
in 1S71. Two years later he grad- 
uated from the theological depart- 
ment of Boston University, and 
he was for nine years a member 
of the Southern New England M. 
E. Conference, holding pastorates 
in Providence, Newport and New 
Bedford. Abandoning the ministry 
for journalism, he was for eighteen 
years in the service of Boston news- 
papers as reporter and editor, first, 
with the Traveler and, later, with the 
Advertiser, having his home in Maiden 
where he served several years as 
member and chairman of the school- 

Removing to Woods ville in 189S, 
where he purchased and has since 
edited and published the Woodsville 
News, Mr. Whitcher has been active 
in the business and political life of 
the community. He has been mod- 
erator of the Haverhill town meetings 
for eleven years, was a representative 
in the Legislatures of 1901, 1903, 
1905 and 1907, serving on the Judi- 
ciary Committee in each, and has 
been a trustee of the State Library 
for eight years. He is deeply interested 
in historical matters, is the author of 
several volumnes and monographs, 
and has a valuable library in which 
he takes much pride. He is a 
vigorous writer as well as a forceful 
and eloquent speaker. His speech 
in favor of the joint resolution, 
providing for the erection of a statue 
to Franklin Pierce is generally con- 
ceded to have been the finest oratori- 
cal effort heard in the House for years. 
Although reared as a Democrat, he 
always had protectionist leanings, 
and for the last quarter of a century 
he has been an ardent Republican 
of the "stand-pat" variety, having 

nothing in common with present day 
"reformers/ 1 

Mr. Whitcher has been twice mar- 
ried and has one son, Burr Royce 
Whitcher, Dartmouth '02, now a 
practicing phvsician in Massachu- 


One of the youngest members of 
the House, and serving his first term, 
Robert W. Upton, representative from 
the towu of Bow, has taken a prom- 
inent part in the work of that body 


Robert W. Upton. 

from the start, both in committee 
and on the floor. Born February 3, 
1884, he was educated in the public 
schools and the Law School of Boston* 
University, graduating from the latter 
in 1907. He was admitted to the 
Massachusetts bar February 15, of 
that year, and to the bar of this state 
in July following, and soon after 
became a partner in the firm of Sar- 
gent & Niles, with which he had 
pursued his legal studies. He is now 
the junior partner of the firm of Niles 
& Upton, with an extensive practice 
in Merrimack and other counties. 

Among tM Legislators of 1911 


Mr. Upton is a member of White 
Mountain Lodge, I. 0. 0. F., of Con- 
oid and of Bow Grange Patrons of 
Husbandry, of which he has been 
master as well as lecturer of Merri- 
mack County Pomona and district 
deputy of the State Grange. 

As a member of the Judiciary Com- 
mittee of the House he has given 
dilligent attention to the great mass 
of work in hand, and has been heard 
often and to good effect in advocacy 
of its measures, upon the floor. He is 
also a member of the important 
Committee on Ways and Means and 
chairman of the joint committee on 
State House and State House Yard. 
He stands with the ''progressive" 
element of his party as regards most 
measures, and has been particularly 
interested in the tax commission bill 
to the drafting of which he gave much 
earnest thought and labor. 

He was one of the incorporators of 
the Peerless Manufacturing Company 
with extensive factories in Newport, 
Barton, Vt., and Greenfield, Mass.; 
was for some time its secretary, has 
been for several years past its treas- 
urer, and devotes himself largely to 
the direction of its business and finan- 
cial affairs. He has taken an active 
interest in town affairs, has served 


Prominent among the practical 
business men in the present House of 
Representatives is Perley A. Johnson 
of Newport, chairman of the Commit- 
tee on Banks, who has by no means 
confined his attention to the matters 
referred to his committee, but has 
interested himself in various practical 
questions bearing upon the public 

Mr. Johnson is a native of the town 
of Unity, born October 24, 1860. He 
subsequently resided with his parents 
in the town of Weare, and later at 
St. Johnsbury, Vt., and graduated 
from the well-known academy of 
that town in 1878. After a period 
of service as clerk in a bank at Barton, 
Vt., he removed to Newport, to take 
the position of cashier in the Citizens' 
National Bank then just established 
in that town, which he has filled with 
eminent success to the present time, 
serving also as treasurer of the Sugar 
River Savings Bank since 1895, and 
as a director of the People's National 
Bank of Claremont since its organ- 
ization. His energies, however, have 
not been confined to banking alone. 


Perley A. Johnson. 

many years as town treasurer and as 
a member of the school board, and 
is a leader in all movements calculated 
to promote the welfare of the com- 

While generally known as a working 
rather than a talking member, he 
has demonstrated his ability to dis- 
cuss questions under consideration 
in the House, concisely and intelli- 


John H. Rolfe of Penacook, one 
of the representatives from Ward 1, 
Concord, in the present House, and 
an active member of the Forestry 
Committee, who has long been known 
as one of the most active working 


The Granite Monthly 

Democrats in Merrimack County, 
was born in Penacook, October 1, 
1847, the son of Nathaniel and Mary 
(Moody) Rolfe, He was educated in 
the public schools and at Kimball 

longing to both lodge and encamp- 
ment, and was a charter member and 
the first Noble Grand of Capital 
Lodge, Ottawa, Out. In religion he 
is liberal. July 24, 1872, he married 
Miss Roxana P. Simpson. They 
have a son and daughter. 


Among the active young members 
of the House is Joseph B. Perley of 
Enfield, a member of the Committee 
on Claims. He is a Republican in 
politics and an energetic worker for 
his party's success, though a son of 
that indefatigable Democratic worker, 
the late Joseph F. Perley, who was 
also a. member of the Legislature and 
long a member of the Democratic 
State Committee. 

Mr. Perley was born January 26, 
1881, and was educated at Brewster 
Academy, Wolfeboro, Dartmouth Col- 

John If. Rolfe. 

Union Academy, Meriden. By occu- 
pation he is a lumberman and com- 
menced work in this line upon leaving 
school, in the pineries on the Menom- 
inee River in the Upper Peninsula 
of Michigan, remaining six years, from 
1S65 to 1870. After another year at 
Penacook, he was in Canada about 
five years in the same business, when 
he returned to Penacook, and has since 

Mr. Rolfe served his Ward as 
alderman in the city government in 
1880-81 and 1887-88, and was post- 
master at Penacook from 1887 to 
1890, receiving his appointment from 
President Cleveland. He has been a 
Justice of the the Peace thirty-five 
years and a Notary Public twenty- 
five. He has also served as a member 
of the school board and as moderator 
of the district for thirty years. He has 
been thirty years a member of Pioneer- 
Engine Co., and twenty-seven years its 
foreman. He is an Odd Fellow, be- 

Joseph B. Perley. 

lege, Brown University, and the 
Albany Business College. He is 
actively engaged in business as a 
cattle dealer and lumberman, and 
has not heretofore held office; but 
this is by no means likely to be his 

Among the Legislators of 1911 


last experience ki the line, as his 
close attention to business and ready 
comprehension of matters pertaining 
to the public interest evidenced dur- 
ing the session, must be sufficient 
to command the confidence and sup- 
port of his constituents. He has been 
heard on pending questions several 
times during the session, forcibly 
and to the point. He is a member 

dred for a long time past; but they 
did not deem it expedient to make 
any change in leadership, and renomi- 
nated, with practical unanimity, 
Hon. Samuel D. Felker of Rochester, 
their candidate of two years ago, for 
the speakership, the nomination car- 
rying with it practical recognition 
as party leader in the House, which 
position he had most successfully 


-r.-=r? J -'Li=---"A-_-^: ■' _ 



Hon. Samuel D. Felker. 

of the Enfield Lodge of Masons. 
In 1907 he married Miss Irene E. 
Jerome of Wolfeboro. They have a son. 


The Democrats in the House found 
themselves far more numerous at the 
present session than before for many 
years, the majority against them 
bemg only about 50, whereas it has 
been considerably more than a hun- 

filled in 1909, gaining thereby such 
prestige that he was strongly urged, 
in different quarters, to become a 
candidate for governor, and repre- 
sentative in Congress. Although de- 
tained from attendance for some 
time by illness and death in his family, 
Mr. Felker, has added to his reputa- 
tion as a faithful and alert legislator, 
and a conscientious conservator of 
the public welfare, and a strong and 
convincing speaker whose words carry 


The Granite Monthly 

greater weight than those of almost 
ari} r other member. He is a member 
of the Judiciary and Rules Com- 
mittees, holding second place on the 
former, an honor which no Demo- 
crat has held for a number of years 
past. He was also named on the 
Special Committee on Railroad Rates, 
but felt compelled to decline the 
assignment from pressure of other 

Mr. Felker is a native of Rochester, 
born April 16, 1S59. He graduated 
from Dartmouth College in 1S82, 
from the Boston University Law 
School in 1887, and has since been 
in practice of law in Rochester, where 
he has served as chairman of the board 
of education; as mayor and as city 
solicitor since 1899. He was also a 
delegate in. the Constitutional Conven- 
tion of 1889, and a state senator in 
1891. He married Miss May J. Dud- 
ley of Buffalo, N. Y., in 1891. In re- 
ligion he is a Congregationalist. 

ber of the school board. He was a 
delegate in the Constitutional Con- 
vention of 1889 by unanimous vote. 
He has long been a trustee of the 
Durham public library and president 
of the Library Association. He has 
also been a trustee of the New Hamp- 
shire College of Agriculture and the 
Mechanic Arts, from which institu- 
tion he has received the honorary 
degree of Master of Science. He 
is a Congregationalist in religion and 
has been for thirty years a trustee 
of the Congregational Societv of 


One of the most prominent farmers, 
as well as one of the strongest and 
most forceful members of the House 
in the present legislature, is Albert 
DeMeritt of Durham, a member of 
the Committee on the Agricultural 
College, and who has devoted much 
attention to promoting the interests 
of that institution. He introduced 
the bill providing for the simplification 
of the name of the college and made 
a determined fight for its passage and 
also championed the movement to 
secure an appropriation for an engin- 
eering building. 

Mr. DeMeritt was born in Durham 
August 26, 1851, on the farm where 
he now resides, which has been in the 
family ownership since its original 
settlement. Pie was educated in the 
public schools and by private tutors, 
and has devoted himself to agricul- 
ture and lumbering. He has been 
active and prominent in public affairs, 
having served many years as modera- 
tor of town and school meetings, 
as superintending committee and mem- 



Albert Deraeritt. 

Durham. He is a Patron of Hus- 
bandry and a Knight of Pythias, is 
married and has three children — 
two daughters and a son. 


Frank Pierce Hobbs, Democratic 
representative fron the Republican 
town of Wolfe boro in the present 
Legislature, has been known for years 
past as the man, above all others, 
ready at all times, and under all 
circumstances, to stand up and be 
counted, and heard also whenever 
occasion requires, for the Democratic 

Among the Legislators of 1911 

party and its principles as proclaimed 
and maintained by all its great leaders 
from Jefferson to Bryan. 

Mr. Hobbs was born of New Hamp- 
shire stock in Winona, Minn., Sep- 
tember 6, 1855, the son of Col. Ezra 
T. and Hannah M. (Cogswell) Hobbs. 
Removing East in early boyhood, 
he attended the public schools in 
Ossipee and Tamworth, and while 
yet in his "teens" engaged in the 

purchased the Belvue House, which 
he managed for some years as the 
Lake Shore. In 1899 he purchased 
the Wolfeboro Hotel, remodelled and 
refitted it, and conducted it as "Hobbs- 
is-Imv' with great success till June 1, 
1907, when he retired to go into the 
real estate, lumber and investment 
business in which he is now engaged. 
% Mr. Hobbs has served as sheriff 
of Carroll County and deputy sheriff 









Hon. Frank P. Hobbs. 

service of the Eastern Railroad Com- 
pany as a brakeman, continuing as 
baggage-master and telegraph opera- 
tor, until November, 1879, when he 
became station agent at Wolfeboro, 
where he has since resided, holding 
his position nine years, when he 
resigned to become his own master. 
He then first engaged in the livery 
business, which he pursued success- 
fully. Later he leased and then 

for Carroll, Belknap and Strafford 
He was elected sheriff in 1908, the 
only Democratic sheriff chosen in 
the state that year. He was post- 
master at Wolfeboro froml894to 1898. 
He has been a prominent figure in 
Democratic conventions for years and 
an active member of the Democratic 
State Committee. He is a Mason, Odd 
Fellow, and a member of the A. 0. 
U. W. December 6, 1882, he mar- 


The Granite Monthly 

ried Miss Emily Evans of Wolfeboro. 
They have two daughters. 

Mr. Hobbs is a member of the 
important Committee on Revision 
of the Statutes, to whose work he 
has given close attention, while never 
neglecting the general run of legis- 
lation. He is not a frequent, but 
is a forceful and interesting speaker. 
He introduced the resolution pro- 
viding for an investigation into low 
water conditions in Lake Winnepiseo- 
gee and such remedial legislation as 
might be found practicable. 


Elgin A. Jones, representative from 
the town of Marlow and member of 
the Committee on Forestry, is a son 
of the late John Q. Jones of Mar- 
low, long a prominent citizen and 
leading Democrat of Cheshire County. 
He was born July 39, 1852, and was 
educated at Marlow and Mount 
Vernon Academies, and Dartmouth 
College, graduating from the latter 
in 1874. He has always taken a deep 
interest in educational affairs, has 
served as superintendent of schools 
and was for a time principal of Mar- 
low Academy. He was also instru- 

mental in organizing the first county 
school board established in the state. 

He is a civil engineer by profession, 
but has devoted himself largely to pro- 
bate business and the care and manage- 
ment of real estate, being himself the 
owner of 2,000 acres of land, and hav- 
ing the management of 10,000 acres 
more, belonging to other people and 
estates. He has long been a leading 
figure in Marlow town affairs, having 
served for a third of a century in one 
official capacity or another, as moder- 
ator, town treasurer, member of the 
school board or library trustee. He is 
also one of the trustees and auditor of 
the Cheshire County Savings Bank, 
is a member of the committee appoint- 
ed by the present delegation to act 
with the commissioners in remodeling 
the Cheshire County Court House. 

Politically he has always been a 
Democrat, and his popularity is 
attested by the fact that although 
Marlow is a Republican town, he 
received more votes at the recent 
election than any other man of either 
party whose name was on the ballot. 

As a member of the Forestry Com- 
mittee he was most appropriately 
placed, as he has long been deeply 
interested in the subject, and has 
devoted earnest attention to the 
committee work. 

November 24, 188-, he married 
Miss Sarah C. Boyntonof Grafton, Vt. 


The old town of Exeter has almost 
always been represented in the Legis- 
lature by a strong delegation, and 
the present is no exception to the rule 
in that regard. Of this delegation, 
the first on the list, as alphabetically 
arranged, is Dana Wingate Baker, 
who, although serving his first term 
in the Llouse, has come prominently 
to the front, through sheer force of 
character, and natural adaptability 
to the situation, rather than any 
assumption on his part, and has 
taken an active part in the delibera- 
tions of the House, participating in 
the debates whenever occasion has 

Among the Legislators of 1911 


geemsd to require it, and always 
speaking logically and to the point. 
?\ir. Baker is a native of Portsmouth 
son of Samuel and Caroline (Wingate) 
Baker, born August 1, 1861. His 
mother was a granddaughter of the 
famous Paine Wingate, delegate in 
the Continental Congress, first sena- 
tor from New Hampshire, and close 
friend of Washington, and a sister 
of Joseph C. A. Wingate, former 

insurance and real estate business, 
and has been active in public, edu- 
cational, social and religious affairs. 
He was the first treasurer of the 
Exeter school board, under the new 
law, serving three years, is a trustee 
of Robinson Female Seminary, clerk 
and treasurer of the Phillips (Congre- 
gational) Church, president of the 
Pascataqua Congregational Club, a 
Past Grand of Sagamore Lodge 



- -. .^ii 

Dana W. Baker. 

consul to Swatow and Fouchow, and 
later a representative from Stratham. 
Through his mother's family Mr. 
Baker is connected with the family 
of ex-President Roosevelt, whose 
first wife, a Lee, was related to the 

His family removed to Exeter in 
1S72, and his home has since been 
*n that town, where for the last fifteen 
years he has been engaged in the 

I. 0. 0. F., Past Master of Oilman 
Grange, No. 1, Patrons of Husbandry, 
Past Sachem of Wehanownowit Tribe 
No. 22, of Red Men, and secretary 
of the Exeter Board of Trade. 

September 7, 18S6, Mr. Baker was 
united in marriage with Miss Fannie 
French of North Danville, N. H., 
a descendant of one of the oldest fam- 
ilies in the state and a relative of ex- 
Gov. N. J. Bachelder. They have 


The Granite Monthly 

two daughters — Florence, a student 
at Bradford (Mass.) Academy, and 
Beatrice, senior in Robinson Semi- 

Mr. Baker is a member and clerk of 
of the House Committee on Banks, 
to whose work he has given careful 
attention, but not to the exclusion 
of other matters, no interest of the 
state being disregarded at his hands. 


Is the third generation of Drakes to 
represent the town of Pittsfield in the 

Nathaniel S. Drake. 

Legislature. His grandfather, Major 
James Drake, was a soldier in the 
War of the Revolution and was one 
of the first settlers of Pittsfield, 
being elected a member of the first 
board of selectmen April 22, 1782, a 
position which he held for eighteen 
years. He represented the town in 
the Legislature of 1800-01-02. 

His son, Col. James Drake (N. S. 
Drake's father), was one of the lead- 
ing business men of the town and 
after filling important town offices, 

was elected a member of the State 
Senate of 1S47 and ISIS. 

Nathaniel S. Drake was born in 
the house he now occupies on Main 
Street, September 16, 1851. For 
many years, he was engaged in the 
shoe manufacturing business in Pitts- 
field and for twelve years he was with 
the C. B. Lancaster Shoe Company, 
serving the latter half of this period 
as superintendent. It was during 
this time that they did the largest 
business known in Pittsfield, the 
weekly pay roll aggregating about 

He has held many important town 
offices, as well as other positions 
of responsibility and trust, and has 
ever been a factor in Pittsfield's 

At present he is engaged in the 
real estate business, covering a large 

In the Legislature, he is known as 
the author of the so-called Mortgage 
Exemption Bill and the bill to pro- 
hibit the transmission of electric 
power beyond the confines of the state 
and he has worked constantly and. 
successfully for the enactment of 
these bills into law his speeches on 
the floor of the House in support 
thereof being among the ablest argu- 
ments heard in that body during the 
session. He is a member of the Com- 
mittee on xigriculture. 

He is an earnest supporter of all 
progressive legislation, being a Pro- 
gressive Democrat. 

March 17, 1873, he married Mary 
A. R. Green. They have one son and 
one daughter. The son, James Frank 
Drake, graduated from Dartmouth 
College in the class of 1902. He 
located in Springfield, Mass., where 
he is one of the leading young business 
men of the city and is serving his 
second term as president of the city 
council. The daughter, Agnes, gradu- 
ated from Lasell in the class of 1903. 
At present, she is a member of the 
school board of Pittsfield. 

The church home of the family is 
St. Stephen's Episcopal. 

Among the Legislators of 1911 



I. Eugene Keeler, of Ward Six, 
Concord," who largely led the Repub- 
lican ticket in his ward at the recent 
election, is a son of the late Rev. 






I. Eugene Keeler. 

S. C. Keeler, long a prominent mem- 
ber of the New Hampshire Metho- 
dist Conference. He was born in 
Greenport, L. I., March 7, 1S68, 
and graduated from the Keene High 
School in 1886. His home has been 
in Concord since 1887, where he has 
been constantly engaged in news- 
paper work, and for the last six years 
in insurance. He has been the 
Concord representative of the Boston 
Globe since 189S, and is a member of 
the well-known insurance firm of 
Baker & Keeler. 

Mr. Keeler has long been prominent 
in musical circles, having sung in 
leading church choirs in Concord for 
the last twenty years. He is a mem- 
ber of Eureka"Lodge, A. F. & A. M. 
of Capital Grange, Patrons of Hus- 
bandry, and other organizations. He 
enjoys a wide personal acquaintance, 
and is highly regarded in business 
and social circles. He is a member 
of the important Committee on 

Appropriations, and also the Com- 
mittee on Insurance. He has ad- 
dressed the House several times to 
good effect. His speech in support 
of the Pierce statue resolution, was 
a strong and elaborate presentation 
of the merits of General Pierce, and 
was highly commended. 


One of the most industrious and 
efficient working members of the 
present House is Carlos C. Davis of 
Winchester, who was assigned to 
service on the two important Com- 
mittees of Revision of the Statutes 
and Ways and Means, and has been 
one of the most active members of 
each during the session. 

He is a native of Northfield,Yt., 
being the third son and fifth child of 
Howard R. and Jennette (Plastridge) 
Davis. He graduated from Dart- 



Carlos C. Davis. 

mouth College in the class of 1879, 
and was for twenty years thereafter 
engaged in educational work, as a 
teacher and in the supervision of 
schools. Since 1902 he has been in 
real estate business in Winchester, 


The Granite Monthly 

where he has also been judge of the 
police court for the last seven years. 
Judge Davis is a Republican, a 
Congregationalism a Knight Templar, 
and a Patron of Husbandry. He 
has served his town as tax collector, 
and was a delegate in the Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1902. January 
25, 1SS1, he was united in marriage 
with Miss Grace H. Coxetter, and 
they have five children, one son 
serving in the "Fighting Forty Third" 
Regiment U. S. Volunteers, in Manila 
in the Spanish American War. 



Guy S. Xeal, Republican repre- 
sentative from Acworth, and member 
and clerk of the House Committee 
on Agriculture and the Sullivan 
County delegation, was born in Law- 
rence, Mass., January 25, 1872, the 
son of Hiram R. and Flenrietta F. 
(Welch) Neal. Both his parents 
were natives of Acworth, returning 
to that town after fifteen years resi- 
dence in Lawrence, during which 
time his father was connected with 
the police force of the city, and en- 
gaged as state inspector of milk and 
provisions. On his return to Acworth 

Hiram R. Xeal bought the historic 
•'Dickey Tavern" at the center of 
the town and engaged extensively 
in farming and summer boarding, 
which business is now conducted by 
his son. 

Guy S. Xeal was educated in the 
public schools of Lawrence and Ac- 
worth, and at Comer's Commercial 
College, Boston. He is a wide-awake, 
public-spirited citizen and has been 
active in town affairs from early 
manhood. He was chosen on the 
board of selectmen in 1900-1-2-3, 
and 1909-10-11, and has been chair- 
man of the board since the first 
year. In 1900 and 190S he was 
town auditor, and was clerk and 
treasurer of the town school district 
in 190G and 1910, and is now 
serving in that capacity. In 1902 
he married Miss Helen Anita Miller. 
They have two children. 

Mr. Xeal has been among the most 
constant in attendance upon the 
sessions of the House, and the most 
attentive to its work, especially such 
as has pertained to the interests of 


For the first time in many years 
a full Democratic delegation was 
chosen to the Legislature at the last 
election from the hustling town of 
Littleton, once a stronghold of the 
party. This delegation is headed by 
Frank M. Richardson, whose active 
work in the party cause for the past 
few years contributed largely toward 
placing the town once more firmly 
in the Democratic column. 

Mr. Richardson is a native of 
Concord, Vt., born August 7, 1865, 
the son of Jacob and Lovina (Kel- 
logg) Richardson. He was educated 
in the town schools and the Essex 
County Grammar School, and was 
granted a license to teach at sixteen 
years of age, which work he followed 
winters, laboring on his father's farm 
in summer, until twenty years of age, 
when he became a hotel clerk at 
Island Pond, Vt. xV year later he 

Amofig the Legislators of 1911 


removed to Littleton where he was 
engaged with a brother in the hotel 
and livery busiess, continuing the 
latter until 1904, when he sold out, 
having meanwhile established an ex- 
tensive carriage repository and stable 
furnishing house in company with 
D. S. Kimball of the Kimball Car- 
riage Company of Manchester. He 
has also been extensively interested 
in real estate operations. 

December IS, 18SS, Miss Theda 
Luetta Lewis of Concord, Vt., and 
they have two sons. 

Mr. Richardson is one of the two 
Democratic chairmen in the House, 
being chairman of the Committee 
on Mileage. He is also a member 
and clerk of the Committee on 
Public Improvements, in which capac- 
ity he headed the favorable minority 
report from that committee on the 




Frank M. Richardson. 

Mr. Richardson has been super- 
intendent of streets, and chairman 
of the water board in Littleton, and 
is an active member and president of 
the Littleton Board of Trade. • In 
1906 he was the Democratic candidate 
for Senator in District No. 2. He 
J8 a Universalist in religion, and active 
in Masonry, being a Past Eminent 
Commander of St. Gerard Command- 
ery, K. T., of Littleton. He married, 

Pierce statue resolution, which was 
substituted for the majority; and 
when the same came back from the 
Appropriations Committee with a 
similarly divided report he was one 
of the speakers on the floor who ably 
championed the resolution, calling 
attention to the sentiments enter- 
tained and expressed in regard to 
General Pierce by those eminent men 
of Littleton, Judge Aldrich, and the 


The Granite Monthly 

late Hob. Harry Bingham. Mr. 
Richardson introduced House Bill 
No. 30, now a law, relating to the 
taxation of property owned by one 
city or town, in another, for the 
purpose of water supply. He also 
introduced and supported the bill to 
abolish the state board of under- 
writers, and made a strong speech 
in opposition to the bill prohibiting 
the transfer of electrical energy from 
the state. 


Frank J. Pillsbury, Democrat, 
whose personal popularity is attested 

inent in fraternal circles. He is 
a Past Grand of White Mountain 
Lodge, I. O. O. F.; Past Chief Pa- 
triarch of Penacook Encampment; 
Past Sachem of the Improved Order 
of Red Men; present Grand Master 
of Ex.-K. P., a Mason and Patron 
of Husbandry. In religion he is a 
Baptist, and is clerk and deacon of 
the First Baptist Church of Concord. 

December 29, 1863, he married 
Miss Mary A. Stanley. They have 
two sons — Thomas H., a resident of 
Somervillc, Mass., now in the govern- 
ment service, and Benjamin 0. of 
Concord, a commercial traveler, both 
married; also one daughter, Dorothy 
D., bookkeeper with H. G. Emmons. 

Mr. Pillsbury ? s committee service 
has been with the State Hospital, 
and Roads, Bridges and Canals Com- 
mittees, of both of which he is clerk. 


Frank J. Pillsbury. 

by his election as representative from 
Ward Six, Concord, strongly Repub- 
lican in general politics, is a native 
of Concord, born June 3, 1844, and 
was educated in the public schools 
of the city wherein he has always 
resided. He is a bookkeeper by 
occupation, and is engaged with the 
well-known firm of J. C. Norris & 
Co., wholesale and retail bakers and 

Mr. Pillsbury has long been prom- 


George L. Sibley, Democrat, Rep- 
resentative from Ward Six, Manches- 
ter, and generally known as the 
"talking member" from the Queen 
City, was born in Boothbay, Me., 
March 4, 1852, where he was educated 
in the public schools. He became 
a sailor in early life and followed the 
sea for fifteen years, in all grades 
of service from forecastle to cabin, 
girdling the earth and visiting all 
quarters of the globe during such 

Since leaving the sea Mr. Sibley 
has been variously engaged. He was 
some time in the shoe business at 
Stoneham, Mass.; was for six years 
Supreme Organizer for the Knights 
of Honor, and was nearly five years 
in the postal service as a letter 
carrier in Manchester appointed by 
Postmaster Josiah G. Dearborn, under 
the first administration of President 
Cleveland's, a personal letter from 
whom he cherishes among his choicest 
possessions. He is now a storekeeper 
for the Amoskeag Manufacturing 
Company, and has been many years 
in the service of the corporation. 

Among the Legislators of 1911 


Although a new member Mr. Sibley 
has been closely attentive to the 
work of the House along all lines,. 
and seldom has a question come up 
for discussion without his voice being 
heart! in the debate. He stands 
always for temperance, morality, 
humanity and the Democratic party 
fur which he has been a life long 
worker. He is a past Grand Director 
of the Knights of Honor, and Past 
Hep resent at ive to the Supreme Lodge, 
and is also a member of the 1. O. O. F>, 
Good Templars, Red Men, and the 
l*. O. A. M. In religion he is an 
earnest Methodist and is chairman 
of the trustees of Trinity M. E. 
Church of Manchester. He is mar- 
ried and has two children— a son and 
daughter, the former a student in 
the Manchester High School; the 
latter in the Floral Department at 


It has been only in comparatively 
recent years that systematic atten- 
tion has been paid to matters per- 
taining to the public health, by the 





George L. Sibley. 

Nelson's Department Store in that 

Mr. Sibley introduced the stringent 
bill in relation to marriage, designed 
to correct serious abuses, which finally 
passed the House in modified form, in 
the face of serious opposition. 

Pearl T. Haskell, M. D. 

legislatures of the several states. It 
has at last come to that, however, 
that the protection and safety of the 
people, in this regard, is one of the 
chief objects of legislation in our 
own as well as other states. 

The chairman of the Committee 
on Public Health in the present 
House of Representatives, which com- 
mittee has had a large amount of 
important business on hand, and has 
faithfullv discharged its duty, is 
Dr. Pearl T. Haskell, of Ward Six, 
Concord, who was elected on the 
Republican ticket at the last election. 

Dr. Haskell is a native of Portland, 
Me., born March 10, 1868, a son of 
William H. and Ellen M. (Carey) 
Haskell. He was educated at Phillips 
Andover Academy, Yale College and 
Bowdoin Medical College at Bruns- 
wick, Me., and commenced the prac- 
tice of medicine in Wakefield in 1894. 
October 28, 1896, he married Miss 


The Granite Monthly 

Marietta A. Blake of that town, 
where he continued in practice till 
September 1895, when he removed to 

Dr. Haskell is a member of the 
Merrimack County, Center District 
and New Hampshire Medical Society 
and the N. II. Surgical Club. He is 
a Mason, Knight of Pythias, Patron 
of Husbandry and a member of the 
Wonolancet Club and attends the 
South Congregational Church. 


The House Committee on Appro- 
priations is second in importance to 
no other legislative committee, and 
during the session of 1911, with the 
unprecedented number of measures 
imposing drafts upon the treasury, 
exceeding in amount the demands 
of any previous session, sent up for 
its consideration, and calling for the 
exercise of judgment, firmness and 
discrimination, it has been beyond 
question the most important of all. 
For the chairmanship of this com- 
mittee the Speaker, upon careful 
deliberation, selected a man of wide 
experience in business life, who had 
also seen service in the last two 

Legislatures upon the same committee 
and was therefore familiar with its 
work — a man of action rather than 
words — Frank Huntress of Ward 
Three, Keene; and the result has 
shown that he made no mistake in 
the selection. 

Mr. Huntress, though an active 
Republican, is better known in com- 
mercial than political life in New 
England. Indeed there are few men 
of larger acquaintance or wider experi- 
ence in business circles in this part 
of the country than he, and none 
enjoying a greater measure of per- 
sonal popularity. He is a native 
of Lowell, Mass., son of Leonard 
and Lydia Ann (McKenna) Huntress, 
born February 7, 1847. He was 
educated in the public schools and 
at Phillips Andover Academy. On 
leaving school he entered a wholesale 
dry goods house in Boston, continuing 
in the business for some thirty years, 
leaving ultimately to establish a 
line of retail stores throughout New 
England, to whose interests he con- 
tinues to devote his active attention. 
One of these stores is in the city of 
Keene, where he has resided for the 
last seventeen years, in which he is 
associated with Hon. William P. 
Chamberlain, well known in New 
Hampshire business and political cir- 
cles, who is also interested with him 
in the other stores. 

Mr. Huntress is a 32d degree Mason 
and a Red Man. He has been twice 
married and has four children. His 
present wife, whom he married nine- 
teen years ago, was Miss Birdia A. 
Chamberlain, daughter of his partner. 
His eldest son, Carroll B., is engaged 
on the Laporte, Ind., Herald, the 
second is a student at Exeter and the 
other children are at home. 


A member of the House in the 
present Legislature who was natur- 
ally expected to assume the leader- 
ship in the shaping of legislation and 
the general transaction of business, 

Among the Legislators of 1911 

and would undoubtedly have done 
so but for serious illness in his family. 
throughout, and on his own part 
during the last weeks of the session, 
is Rosecrans W. Pillsbury of London- 
derry, who beeause of the former 
reason withdrew as a candidate for 
the Speakership, some time before 
the Legislature assembled, but who 
was accorded the position of chair- 

concerned — a work generally con- 
ceded to be one of commanding impor- 
tance. To the work of this commit- 
tee he gave earnest attention so long 
as he was able to be present and was 
also heard effectively in some of the 
important debates in the House. 

He is a native of the town of Lon- 
donderry, born September 18, 1863, 
the eldest son of Col. William S. 



. . . ■. 

\ - 






Hon. Rosecrans W. Pilisbury. 

man of the Republican Caucus when 
organization was effected. 

Mr. Pillsbury was named as a 
member of the Judiciary Committee, 
and as chairman of the Special 
Committee on Railroad Rates, to 
which was assigned the important 
duty of considering the relations of 
the Boston & Maine Railroad and 
the State of New Hampshire, and 
devising and reporting a plan of 
adjustment fair and equitable to all 

and Sarah A. (Crowell) Pillsbury. 
He was educated in the Londonderry 
schools, Pinkerton Academy, Derry, 
the Manchester High School, Dart- 
mouth College and the Boston Law 
School. He further pursued his 
legal studies in the office of Judge 
Robert J. Peaslee of Manchester,- and 
was admitted to the bar in 1890, but 
has not devoted himself to practice, 
having been for many years actively 
associated with his father in extensive 


The Granite Monthly 

notify Theodore 
Domination. He 
term as a trustee 

shoe manufacturing operation in 
Deity-, and in other manufacturing en- 
terprises. He also conducted an exten- 
sive magazine publishing business in 
Deny for several years; but disposed 
of the same in 1900, when he became 
interested in the Manchester Daily 
Union, of which he has since been 
the chief stockholder and managing 
director, conducting it as an inde- 
pendent Republican paper, and, 
through its editorial columns and 
otherwise, exercising large influence 
in party and public affairs. 

Air. Pillsbury has been an active 
member of three Legislatures previous 
to the present, 1897, 1899 and 1905, 
and served in the last two Constitu- 
tional Conventions, being the young- 
est member of that of 1SS7. He was 
an alternate delegate to the Repub- 
lican National Convention in 1S92, 
and a delegate in 1904, serving on 
the committee to 
Roosevelt of his 
is serving his fifth 
of the State College at Durham. In 
1906 he was a prominent candidate 
for th£ Republican gubernatorial nom- 
ination, and received a large vote in 
the Convention which was divided 
between four active candidates. 

Aside from his other interests he 
is extensively engaged in agriculture 
in Londonderry where he has his 
home, and is an active member of the 
Patrons of Husbandry. He is also 
a member of the Masonic order. He 
served five years in the National 
Guard, attaining the rank of captain. 
He attends the Presbyterian Church. 
In 1885 he married Annie Watts of 
Manchester. They have three children. 


Among the most popular business 
men of Concord is Charles H. Sin- 
clair, a Republican in politics with 
a host of Democratic friends, who 
was chosen last November as a mem- 
ber of the legislative delegation from 
Ward Four, a member of the Com- 
mittee on Claims and one of the tellers 
of the present Llouse. 

Mr. Sinclair is a native of Concord, 
born January 21, 1859, son of the 
late Henry M. and Emily A. (Hodg- 
don) Sinclair, and was educated in 
the public schools of the city. For 
the last thirty years he has conducted 
a successful jewelry business under 
the style of N. C. Nelson & Co., and 
holding high rank among reliable 
New Hampshire firms in that line 
of trade. 

Charles H. Sinclair. 

He is a prominent member of the 
Masonic order; is a 32d degree Mason, 
a Past Grand High Priest of N. H. 
Royal Arch Masons, Past Eminent 
Cummander of Mt. Horeb Command- 
ery, R. T., of Concord, and a Mystic 
Shriner. In religion he is liberal. 
January 2, 1884, he married Cora M.. 
daughter of the late Nathaniel C. 
and Maria F. (Damon) Nelson. 


Among the veteran legislators of 
the present session is Benjamin R. 
Wheeler, of Salem, now serving his 
fifth term in the House, having been 
a member of that body in 1872, 1873, 

Among the Legislator* of 1911 


He was also a State 
and a member of the 
of 1902. 
is chair- 

in Salem 

1899 and 1900. 
Senator in 18S3, 

Constitutional Convention 
In the present House he 
man of the Committee on 

Mr. Wheeler was born 
April 20, 1840, son of John R. and 
Susan R. (Dix) Wheeler, and was 
educated in the public and private 
schools of the town. He enlisted 
in the First N. H. Volunteers, April 
25, 1861, in the war of the Rebellion; 
was discharged with the regiment 
August 9, and, September 9, follow- 
ing, reenlisted in the Fourth N. H., 
doing valiant service with that regi- 
ment in the severe conflicts in which 
it was engaged, and winning promo- 
tion to the rank of captain, He was 
severely wounded at Drury's Bluff, 
May 16, 1864, and was discharged 
on expiration of service, November 
7 of that year. Captain Wheeler en- 
joys the unique distinction of being the 
only man who, as a civilian, ever com- 
manded a regiment of infantry and a 
battery of artillery in the face of the 
enemy, this incident happening at Cha- 
pin's Farm, Va., November 8, 1864, 
when, although having received his 
discharge, he was requested as the 
senior officer present, to remain in 
command until relieved. 

After the war he was engaged with 
his father about twenty years in 
shoe manufacturing in Salem, since 
when he has been engaged in public 
affairs and general business. In 1866 
he was chosen town clerk, serving 
13 years, and at one time or another 
holding every office in the gift of his 
townsmen. He served as a deputy 
sheriff 12 years, from 1876; has 
been a leading justice of the peace 
and quorum in his county for more 
'han forty years, and a notary public 
for the last ten years. 

He is a past Master of Spickett 
Lodge, A. F. and A. M.; member of 
St: George Commanderv, Knights 
Templar, of Nashua; Past Com- 
mander of Oilman E. Sleeper Post, 
G.A.R.; was assistant inspector gen- 
on the staff of Commander-in- 

Chief Lawler in 1894; delegate from 
New Hampshire to the National 
G. A. R. encampments at Detroit, 
Denver and Salt Fake City; is a Past 
Master of the Salem Grange and was 
District Deputy under Past State 
Master N. J. Bacheldcr. 

As a legislator Captain Wheeler has 
served the interests of his constituents 
and the state with conspicuous fidel- 
ity and zeal. He has the courage of 
his convictions and stands firmly 
and strives manfully for what he 
esteems the right. Although an able 


Capt. Benjamin R. Wheeler. 

speaker, he has made it a point not to 
participate in the debates of the 
House, and took the floor for the 
first time, when, during the present- 
session, he made a most dramatic 
speech in opposition to the Franklin 
Pierce Statue resolution. 

In politics he is an earnest working 
Republican; in religion a Methodist. 
He married in March, 1866, Laura 
Hale Vincent of Chester, Vt., who 
died in December, 1884, leaving one 
daughter, Blanche, the wife of Fred 
E. Woodbury of Salem. 


The Granite Monthly 


Dr. Loren A. Sanders, Republican 
representative from Ward Seven, Con- 
cord, is a member of two House Com- 
mittees that have been particularly 



Societies, of the N. H. Surgical Giub 
and of the X. E. Association of Rail- 
way Surgeons. 

September 29. 1898, he married 
Miss Margaret Clough of Warner. 


One of the most active among the 
younger members of the House, 
always "on deck'' and thoroughly 
informed as to the general state of 
business, is Edward Percy Stoddard 
of Ward One, Portsmouth, than 
whom there is no man, young though 
he be, who is more influential in 
Republican politics in the County 
of Rockingham. 

Mr. Stoddard is a native of Ports- 
mouth, born January 2, 1877. He 
was educated at the Portsmouth 
High School and Dartmouth College, 
and was for some years engaged in 
newspaper work. From 1903 to 1907 

Loren A„ Sanders, M. I>. 

busy the present session — those on 
Public Health and Liquor Laws, and 
he has given close attention to their 

He is a native of the town of Graf- 
ton, a son of George S. and Prudence 
S. (Parker) Sanders, born July 5, 1874. 
He was educated at Tilton Seminary 
and at the New York University and 
Bellevue Hospital Medical College. 
He commenced the practice of medi- 
cine in Concord, July 15, 1899, and 
has continued there to the present 

Dr. Sanders is an active Republican, 
and has taken much interest in 
public affairs, serving two terms on 
the Concord common council, under 
the old charter, and one term as 
alderman. He is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity and in religion a 
Baptist. He is a member of the 
Center District and N. H. Medical 

; ... ..... 


E. Percy Stoddard. 

he served as Chief Deputy U. S. 
Marshal for the district of New 
Hampshire. He is now engaged in 
the insurance business in Portsmouth. 
He was an active member of the last 

Among the Legislators of 1911 


city government of Portsmouth, serv- 
ing as a councilman at large. He 
is a Congregationalist, a 32d degree 
Mason, Knight Templar and Shriner, 
and a Knight of Pythias. He is 
also a most enthusiastic as well as a 
most popular club man, holding 
membership in the Warwick, Country, 
Yacht and Athletic Clubs of Ports- 
mouth. He is unmarried. 

While he took special interest in 
the Portsmouth Armory bill, and 
gave it persistent attention when 
others interested had despaired of 
its success, he was by no means 
unmindful of other matters, and as a 
member of the Committee on Insur- 
ance, and an aetive worker on the 
floor, often heard to good effect, 
labored heartily for the public inter- 

of cotton hosiery, the firm name 
being George H. Tilt on & Son, 
operating nulls in Laconia, Tilton, 
and Savannah, Ga. 

Mr. Tilton is a Mason, an Elk 
and a Knight of Pythias. He was 
the senior colonel on the staff of 
Gov. Henry B. Quinby. and is a 
member of the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company of Boston. He 


The chairmanship of the House 
Committee on Fisheries and Game, 
which has the distinction this year 
of originating more bills than any 
other committee of the House, and 
whose work, if less important than 
that of some other committees, is 
certainly not less trying, was given 
to Hon. Elmer S. Tilton, Republican 
of Ward Three, Laconia, who was a 
member of the House in 1897 and 
1907 and represented the Sixth Dis- 
trict in the state Senate in 1903. 

Mr. Tilton is a native of that 
part of the town of Gilford now 
ilicluded in Laconia, son of George H. 
and Marietta (Randlett) Tilton, born 
October 11, 1SG9. He was educated 
in thf public schools, graduating from 
the Laconia High School in 1887, 
and immediately engaged in business 
with his father in the manufacture 

Hon. Elmer S. Tilton. 

married, January 26, 1892, Miss 
Lillian Harrington of Laconia. The}* 
have three sons. 

Aside from his committee work, 
which has kept him busy for no 
small part of the session, Mr. Tilton 
has been interested in measures of 
practical legislation along other lines, 
and has been heard with interest 
in some of the discussions on the 

s&vvw ^ ±; ri ms. &.i'#$_ d 

if ft O .^~^\ '^' ■.••• < c,"-v--v-.-* %■''•''■■ -v—t--" />•>--' f - ', */?/>n . r,\ ,-,,; 



By P. L. F. 

Near Dover point where hurrying waters meet 
And flow to join their ancient mother ocean, 
By murmuring streams' unceasing motion 
There stood New Hampshire's first religious seat. 
Intrenehments strong and flankers all complete. 
Guarded the walls long since returned to dust, 
There many a weighty subject was discussed 
By parsons learned, reverend and discreet. 
Almost three hundred years have passed 
Since measured beat of Richard Pincomb's drum 
Gave notice that the meeting hour had come, 
Rumbled and echoed through the forest vast, 
Startled the savage in his distant lair, 
And called the Puritan to praise and prayer. 


By L. J. H. Frost 

Be kindly affectioned one to another. — Holy Writ. 

If you ever see a brother 
Battling hard with fate, 

Clasp his hand and help him 
Ere it be too late. 

If a tired fellow-mortal. 

You meet on life's highway, 

Who is so disheartened, 

That he cannot smile or pray — 

Just kindly look upon him 
And speak a word of cheer, 

Shedding sunshine on his pathway 
'Twill dispel his doubt and fear. 

For you may yourself on some day 
Need a kindly helping hand; 

As you weary on life's journey, 
Ere you reach the better land. 

'Tis but a cup of water 

You have given by the way 

To some thirsty, erring brother; 
Of bright sunshine just a ray. 

Yet, in the great hereafter 
It will be said to thee — 

"Inasmuch as thou hast done this 
Thou hast done it unto me." 



Rev. Stephen Bachiler— First Minister of Hampton 

By Victor C. Sanborn 

The story which I have to tell 
concerns the biography of one who 
lived through the years of the most 
wonderful century of English history 
— that period from 1560 to 1660. 
Those years marked the youth and 
splendor of British achievement 
in the realm of spiritual awakening, 
of literary and intellectual develop- 
ment, and of commercial activity, 
colonization and world building. 

In the hundred years I have men- 
tioned Puritanism made its first suc- 
cessful stand against the English 
church, which still clung to Romish 
superstition. They saw, those golden 
years, the imperishable dramas of 
Shakespeare unfolded to the world, 
the lofty verse of Milton, the graceful 
muse of Jonson, and the brilliant 
philosophy of Bacon. For them the 
poetical soul, the chivalrous life and 
death of Sir Philip Sidney were 
current fact — not history and tradi- 

In that short centuiy lived and 
died the great freebooters of the 
virgin seas, Raleigh and Drake, Fro- 
bisher and Hawkins. Less afraid of 
new worlds than of old creeds, the 
Pilgrims and the Puritans in that 
century left their homes in the "haunt 
of ancient peace," and sought fresh 
soil wherein to plant the colony which 
was to grow into our present vast- 
spreading Republic. The feeble, 
pedantic and pleasure loving Stuarts 
saw in that century the sceptre 
snatched from their hands, when 
Hampden, Cromwell and Harry Vane 
turned England from a kingdom into 
a commonwealth. 

In the same period Holland became 
a Protestant republic in spite of the 
bloody persecutions of Philip. France 

turned Huguenot after the massacre 
of St. Bartholomew, and the grasp 
of Spain began to weaken in the old 
world and the new. 

But while time has thrown on the 
stage a thousand full length and 
heroic figures, some there were of 
lesser note who yet played a part in 
the life of the age, but whose history 
has been obscured by time, or dark- 
ened by contemporary dislike and 
slander. From the mass of these 
smaller men I have selected as a type 
one who lived the century through 
not unworthily, as I hope to show. 

Two or three years after Elizabeth 
came to the throne, there was born 
somewhere in Southern England, one 
Stephen Bachiler. Just what was his 
birthplace I do not know, nor what 
his ancestry. The name was a com- 
mon one, and whether his parents 
were of Hampshire or Berkshire does 
not specially matter. Perhaps indeed 
they came from Protestant France or 
the Netherlands. To Southampton 
about 156S came a small colony of 
Walloons, driven from their, shops 
and studies by the iron hand of Philip. 
Among them were a father and son 
named Bachelier from Tournai in 
France. The teacher of this little 
band of Protestants was Adrien de 
Saravia, that stout champion of 
Calvin. Adrien was born in Artois, 
his father a Spaniard, his mother a 
Fleming, and he was a minister in 
Antwerp until driven to the Channel 
Islands in 1560. From there he came 
to Southampton for a few peaceful 
years, — returned to Leyden in 1582 
as Professor of Divinity, and again 
driven, back to Protestant England, 
where he ended his days. I like to 
imagine that Stephen Bachiler was 


The Granite Monthly 

a charge of this brave Adrien, and 
drank in • from him that opposition 
to tyranny and abuse which marked 
and marred his life. 

But whatever his origin, we first 
find Bachiler at Oxford in 1581, a 
student at St. John's College, then 
newly founded by the good citizen 
and London Merchant, Sir Thomas 
White. The college of that time was 
vastly different from the St. John's 
of to-day, with its peaceful gardens, 
smooth lawns and ancient cedars. 
The good Sir Thomas since its founda- 
tion had lost much of his money, and 
his college was very poor. Not for 
some years did it receive new founda- 
tions and added wealth. But poor 
or rich, it was a part of that seat of 
learning, the great University of 
Oxford. Oxford was at that time 
a very hive of Puritanism. 

The Regius Professor of Divinity 
was Lawrence Humphrey, an ardent 
Lutheran, who was disciplined by 
Archbishop Grindal for refusing to 
wear the churchly vestments. John 
Harmer, the Earl of Leicester's favor- 
ite and one of Queen Elizabeth's 
scholars, was Regius Professor of 
Greek. The unfortunate Thomas 
Kingsmill, another Puritan, was head 
professor in Hebrew. Edward Cra- 
docke was Margaret Professor of 
Divinity, and the most renowned 
scholar of the day; an Oxford man, 
John Rainoldes, was the head and 
front of the Puritan arm of the church, 
and the spokesman of the Puritan 
party. Rainoldes is called by quaint 
Anthony Wood "a living library and 
a third university." He declined a 
bishopric, preferring to remain the 
President of Corpus Christi College, 
and from his Oxford stud}' sent forth 
a mass of treatises in favor of the 
advanced doctrines. It was he who 
mainly represented Puritanism at the 
Hampton Court Conference of 1605, 
and it was at his suggestion and by 
his aid that the well meaning but 
pedantic King James undertook that 
translation of the Bible, which is 
to-day mainly used. 

Indeed, in England generally, at 

this time, 1581-7, the leanings of 
the wisest were toward Puritanism. 
Elizabeth was sometimes Puritan 
and sometimes Prelatic; but her best 
advisers were of the new religion. 
Cecil, the great Lord Burghley, who 
for half a century of troubled life 
was Prime Minister to the lively and 
changeable Queen, held firmly to the 
same persuasion, and so did Walsing- 
ham and the unfortunate Davison. 

Thus we may safely assume that 
Bachiler's university training was 
mainly Puritan, and the atmosphere 
of St. John's was not in the least 
Prelatical until the time of its later 
Fellow and President, the ill-fated 

Among the scholars at St. John's 
during Bachiler's sojourn there- was 
Henry Cromwell, an uncle of the 
Protector, who was father-in-law of 
Sir Oliver St. John, Cromwell's Lord 
Chief Justice, and of whose sisters 
one was the mother of the patriot, 
John Hampden, and another was the 
mother of Edward Whalley, the regi- 
cide, later a fugitive in Xew Eng- 

At Oxford Bachiler continued until 
February, 1586, when he proceeded 
B. A. Perhaps he then became a 
chaplain to Lord Delaware, who pre- 
sented him in 1587 to the Vicarage 
of Wherwell, Hampshire, a small 
retired parish on the River Test, 
whose "troutful stream," celebrated 
by Isaak Walton, is still a favorite 
resort of anglers. 

Here Bachiler preached for twenty 
years, and here he doubtless hoped to 
end his days. Xo more peaceful 
and beautiful place is to be found in 
sunny Hampshire, lying as it does 
in the middle of verdant and fertile 
meadows. Wherwell was the seat 
of an ancient abbey, founded in 986 
by Queen Aelfrida, the widow of 
King Edgar. At the Dissolution the 
abbey was granted to Thomas West, 
Lord La Warr or Delaware, and it 
soon became the principal seat of 
that great family. Here then let us 
leave Stephen Bachiler to marry and 
raise a familv of his own, while we 

An Unfwgiven Puritan 


consider the events that have begun 
to crowd thick upon England. 

In the very year when Bachiler 
was made a vicar of Wherwell the 
preparations for the invasion of Eng- 
land by the Invincible Armada were 
being completed by the "spider of 
the Escurial." Her eyes blinded by 
the duplicity of Alexander Faniese, 
Elizabeth was still dreaming of an 
alliance with Spain, and was consider- 
ing seriously the abandonment of 
that combination with Holland which 
finally kept Protestant powers the 
sovereigns of the world. Had it not 
been for the wisdom of Walsingham 
and the pugnacity of Drake and 
Hawkins, England's Protestants and 
Puritans might have been led in 
chains to the autos-da-fe of Spanish 
invaders, and the clock of the world's 
progress might have been set back 
another century. 

But the alarm had awakened Brit- 
ain from its slumbers. Preparations 
were made on sea and shore to resist 
the Spanish invasion, and when the 
130 ships of the Invincible Armada 
appeared off Dover in 1588, a squad- 
ron of as many tiny fighting craft 
was ready. By the seamanship of 
the discredited Drake the unwieldy 
galleons of Spain were put to flight, 
and the tempests of August 15th 
finished the work of that great free- 
booter, and forever dispelled the fear 
that Catholic Spain would conquer 
Protestant England. 

Meanwhile in England the Puritan 
party was disputing the supremacy 
of the established church. The death 
of the great Puritan prelate Grindal 
in 1583 summoned to the primacy 
John Whitgift, whose "cold medioc- 
rity," as the elder Disraeli called it, 
was no match for the fiery arguments 
of the Martin Mar Prelate contro- 
versy. In the century and a half 
which had succeeded the dissolution 
of the monasteries and the establish- 
ment of a Protestant church in 
England, the same material abuses 
which had prevailed in the older 
church showed themselves in the 
reformed episcopacy. The prelates. 

waxed rich, while the people were 
over-ridden. The clergy was corrupt 
and the rites of the church were 
abused. Of a sudden a pamphlet 
ridiculing these abuses ran like wild 
fire over the land. Whether the first 
"Mar Prelate" monograph was writ- 
ten by John Penry, by Barrow or by 
Job Throckmorton will perhaps never 
be known, and does not now especially 
matter. The attack was so sudden, 
the knife went so deep into the vitals 
of the establishment that the sur- 
prised and angry bishops retaliated 
in similar rude and scurrilous pam- 
phlets, and by fines, imprisonments 
and persecutions attempted in vain 
to check the growing wrath of 
people versus prelates. The first 
eatagorical answer to the Mar Prelate 
pamphlets was written by Thomas 
Cooper, the same Bishop of Winches- 
ter, who had a year before ordained 
Bachiler Vicar of Wherwell. But 
the established church was forced 
to attack both Romish priests and 
Puritan non-conformists, which weak- 
ened the force of attempts against 
either, and popular sympathy was 
far gi eater for the Puritan revolt 
against the establishment. The last 
years of Elizabeth's reign were marked 
by persecutions of Recusants and 
Reformers, with numberless impri- 
sonments and executions. The Puritan 
faction grew steadily, and when in 
1603 James of Scotland came to the 
throne, great was the rejoicing among 
them, for it seemed that a Scotch 
king of Pmgland augured well for the 
victory of Presbyter versus Prelate. 
During all this time our Vicar of 
Wherwell became., we may imagine, 
a man of influence. Perhaps the 
Lord Delaware, who succeeded in 
1595 and who married a daughter of 
the Puritan Sir Francis Knollys, 
favored him with his patronage, 
listened to his preaching, and agreed 
with his opinions. In 159G Bachi- 
ler was named as Overseer in the 
Will of William Spencer of Chariton, 
a rich Hampshire squire, who had 
married one of his parishioners. Prob- 
ablv our Vicar was one of the thousand 


The Granite Monthly 

English clergymen who sanctioned 
the millenary petition of King James, 
who greeted the Scotch monarch on 
his coming to the English throne, — 
a petition which urged the King to 
reform the crying abuses of the estab- 
lished church, and besought him to 
allow the Puritan pastors to continue 
their "prophesyings and preachings" 
undeterred by the persecutions of 
their bishops. 

As a result of this petition, King 
James called the Hampton Court 
Conference in 1605. Four divines 
represented the Puritan party, John 
Rainoklcs, John Knewstub, Lawrence 
Chaderton, and Henry Sparke. 
Against them were arranged eight 
English prelates, headed by the next 
Arch-Bishop of Canterbury, Richard 
Bancroft, their bitter opponent. 
Lord Delaware was a member of this 
conference, which resulted badly for 
the popular party, for on Rainoldes' 
mentioning the word presbyter, King 
James's wrath was aroused, and he 
dismissed the conference with bitter 
reproaches, telling the Puritans that 
he would "make them conform or 
harry them out of the land." 

The following year was marked by 
the ejection of hundreds of Puritans, 
who declined to follow the hated 
ceremonies of the church. In May, 
1G05, Archbishop Bancroft held an 
ecclesiastical Court at Winchester, 
and undoubtedly instructed the will- 
ing Thomas Bilson, Bishop of Win- 
chester, to dismiss at once all his 
non-conforming clergymen. Among 
these was Stephen Bachiler, who was 
ejected in August, 1605, from the 
peaceful riverside parish where he had 
preached acceptably for eighteen years. 

The neighboring dioceses of Win- 
chester and Salisbury were at this 
time under anti-Puritan rule. At 
Winchester was Bilson, an ardent 
champion of the establishment: at 
Salisbury was Bishop Henry Cotton, 
of Hampshire descent, who persecuted 
Putitan and Romanist alike, and of 
whom the quaint Sir John Harrington 
says "he had 19 children by one wife, 
whose name was Patience," — adding 

"I have heard of few wives of that 
?iame } and none of that quality." 
When Elizabeth made Henry Cotton 
Bishop of Salisbury and William 
Cotton Bishop of Exeter (both perse- 
cutors of the sectaries) she observed 
that she had "well Cottoned the 
West" and the Salisbury prelate might 
have said the same of the rich prefer- 
ments which he bestowed on his 
numerous family. 

The next twenty years offer us but 
scanty notes of Bachiler 's life. Win- 
throp says he "suffered much at the 
hands of the Bishops" and family 
tradition alleges that he fled to Hol- 
land like the little band of Separa- 
tists from Scrooby, who in 1620 
formed the Pilgrim colony at Ply- 
mouth. Bachiler was at 45 in the 
prime of his powers. We may imag- 
ine that, fitted by scholarship and by 
the turn of his mind, he was an ardent, 
able controversialist. We know that 
man}' of his parishioners followed him 
from the church at Wherwell to his 
ministrations under Puritan auspices 
at the adjoining hamlet of Newton 
Stacy. In 1607 Henry Shipton, a 
wealthy tanner of Shawe, across the 
border in Berkshire, leaves him a 
small legacy, and in 1616 Edmund 
Alleyn of Hatfield Peverell, a rich 
Essex squire, bequeaths him a similar 
sum. In 1610 Bachiler's son Stephen 
was entered at Magdalen College in 
Oxford, the family college of the 
Wests, Lords Delaware. In 1621 the 
diary of Adam Winthrop, father of 
the Massachusetts governor, says 
that he had "Mr. Bachiler the preach- 
er" to dine with him. That he was 
not without means is shown by the 
Hampshire land records, which recite, 
between 1622 and 1630, his purchase 
and sale of small properties in Newton 
Stacy. A petition of Sir Robert 
Payne, Sheriff of Hampshire in 1632, 
states that several of his tenants^ 
"having been formerly misled by 
Stephen Bachiler, a Notorious incon- 
formist, demolished a chapel at New- 
ton Stacy and executed many things 
in contempt of the canons and the 

In Unforgiven Puritan 

/ / 

Thus preaching, persecuted and 
adhered to by his former parishioners, 
Bachiler passed a score of years, and 
reached the age of seventy. His 
children had grown up and married; 
one son had become a chaplain in an 
English regiment in Holland, and one 
a merchant in Southampton. One 
daughter married John Wing, an 
English Puritan minister at Flushing 
and the Hague; and another Christo- 
pher Hussey, perhaps a relative of 
the Mayor of Winchester of the same 
name, who married a daughter of 
the Hampshire Puritan Prebendary 
Renniger; a third daughter married 
a Hampshire Samborne, probably 
connected with James Samborne, 
the Winchester scholar and Oxford 
graduate, Puritan Vicar of Andover 
and Rector of Upper Clatford, neigh- 
boring villages to Wherwell. 

With the accession of Charles I in 
1625 Puritanism received another 
blow, and many of the English reform- 
ers, encouraged by the success of the 
Plymouth pilgrims of 1620, decided 
to seek in the New World a freer 
atmosphere for their religious opin- 
ions. By this time Bachiler had 
reached an age when most men 
become weary of struggling, anxious 
to lay aside contention and strife, 
and to obtain a few years of rest. 
Not so our Hampshire Puritan, whose 
eager spirit outran his years, and 
who thought he saw in America an 
Arcadia of religious freedom. 

In 1630 a small band of London 
merchants, perhaps friends of Bach- 
iler \s son Nathaniel, formed a colon- 
izing company, called the ' 'Company 
of Husbandmen" and obtained from 
Sir Ferdinando Gorges, the great 
< nemy to New England Puritanism, 
* patent to some 1600 square miles 
in his province of New England south 
of the river Sagadehock. This Com- 
pany of Husbandmen sent to America 
in the fall of 1630 a small ship called 
the "Plough," with a meagre band 
of colonists to settle on their new 
patent, probabb,' about where the 
present city of Portland stands. The 
grant from Gorges seems to have 

conflicted with other giants, and the 
original patent is lost, so that we 
cannot exactly locate the land, which 
the Husbandmen thought embraced 
the seacoast from Cape Porpoise to 
Cape Elizabeth. 

This first little ship-load, sent from 
England six months after Winthrop's 
well found colony, appears to have 
landed on their grant in the hard 
winter of 1630-1, and were much 
disappointed in the outlook. The 
upper coast of New England was 
sterile and forbidding, bare of settle- 
ments except for a few scattering 
fishing stages, and we may imag- 
ine the Husbandmen were poorly 
equipped with the necessaries for col- 
onization. Whether Bachiler was an 
original member of the company I 
cannot state, for none of their records 
have survived that general loss of 
manuscripts which has occurred in 
the lapse of four hundred years. 
Presumably he was, since the first 
letter from the London managers, 
dated in March, 1631-2, and sent to 
their New England colonists, speaks 
as though he had for some time been 
eager in the Company's work. In 
this letter the London members ask 
the colonists to remember their duty 
to return thanks to God who "hath 
filled the heart of our reverent pastor 
so full of zeal, of love and of extraor- 
dinary affection toward our poor 
society. Notwithstanding opposition 
yet he remaineth constant, persuading 
and exhorting, — yea and as much as in 
him lieth constraining — all that love 
himto join together with us. And see- 
ing the Company is not able to bear his 
charge over, he hath strained himself 
to provide provision for himself and 
his family, and hath done his utmost 
endeavor to help over as many as he 
possibly can, for your further strength 
and encouragement." 

For another year, then, or until the 
spring of 1632 the Plough Company 
worked in England to secure more 
colonists and to enlarge their re- 
sources. The London members were 
none of them rich, but all were bound 
together by some mystical religious 


The Granite Monthly 

fellowship, the exact significance of 
which has been lost in the ensuing 
centuries of oblivion. England was 
indeed from 1620 to 1630 a fruitful 
mother of diverse and complicated 
sects. The stern rule of Archbishop 
Bancroft had been followed by the 
gentler but less forcible Abbot, who 
was born in the same year as Bach- 
iler, and of whom Lord Clarendon 
says,— "He considered Christian re- 
ligion no otherwise than as it abhorred 
and reviled Popery; and valued those 
men most who did it most furiously.'' 
In the last years of Abbot's primacy 
he had lost credit with the Court, 
and had been supplanted by that 
Bishop of London, who was to succeed 
him, William Laud, the bitter foe of 
the Puritans. Laud's narrow but 
determined spirit had quite changed 
the religious complexion of Oxford: 
and his promotion to the Bishopric 
of London and to the King's Privy 
Council inaugurated an era of sup- 
pression and severity which aroused 
and united the hostility of these 
various sects against the Established 

But two letters remain, so far as 
the manuscript records of the 17th 
Century have been printed, to show 
who were the active members of that 
ill-fated and meagre Company of 
Husbandmen. John Dye, Grace 
Hardwin and Thomas Jupe, three 
London merchants of limited educa- 
tion and narrow resources, were the 
priiicipal factors. On the first ship 
came over John Crispe, Bryan 
Binckes and John Carman, who seem 
to have had some authority in the 
company, but concerning whom the 
records disclose nothing of note. The 
loosely knit little company seems to 
have been organized and kept alive 
by the strenuous efforts of Bachiler 
and his kinsmen. A second shipment 
of goods and colonists was sent out 
in March, 1632, on the two ships the 
"William and Francis" and the 
"Whale." The colonists on the for- 
mer ship were captained by the stout 
old Hampshire parson, now over 70: 
and the party on the Whale by his 

relative, Richard Dummer, also a 
Hampshire man, who had net 
joined the religious circle of the Hus- 
bandmen, but who was doubtless 
induced by Bachiler to finance the 
enterprise to some extent. Dummer 
was a man of breadth and ability, 
whose connection must have been of 
value to the struggling company, 
though he soon foresaw its failure 
and identified himself with Win- 
thron's more permanent enterprise. 
While Bachiler, Dummer and the 
London members of the Company 
were thus helping on the enterprise 
in England, imagining that the col- 
ony on the Sagadehock River was 
firmly planted in the new soil, that 
poor-spirited crew had left their 
northern settlement, aghast at the 
practical difficulties of colonization, 
and perhaps torn by some dissension. 
With their shaky little craft, the 
Plough, they had drifted down the 
coast looking for more substantial 
settlements, and Winthrop's Journal 
of July 6, 1631, records their arrival 
at Watertown as follows: "A small 
ship of 60 tons arrived at Natascot, 
Mr. Graves master. She brought 
ten passengers from London. They 
came with a patent for Sagadehock, 
but not liking the place they came 
hither. Their ship drew ten feet and 
went up to Watertown but she ran 
on ground twice by the way." The 
Husbandmen, with their vague and 
mysterious religious tenets, were with 
some reason looked on askance by the 
compact and intolerant colony of 
Endicott and Dudley. They had 
failed in their enterprise, and had 
come from the neighborhood of those 
fishing settlements along the North 
coast, whose rude and lawless mem- 
bers were in bad odor with the 
magistrates. It is doubtful, however, 
if they deserved the opprobrium 
which has clung to them because of 
a note added later by Winthrop or 
some other hand, — "They most of 
them proved familists and vanished 
away." The offensive term of Fami- 
list, with its hint of free love tenden- 
cies, was applied to many of the 

An Unforgivpi Puritan 


settlers who resented and differed 
from the arbitrary standards of the 
Massachusetts Colony. 

Thus in June, 1632, when Bachiler 
and Dummer arrived with their fami- 
lies and adherents, the ill-fated little 
venture was already doomed. The 
earnest letter which Bachiler brought 
over from the London merchants 
was addressed to a band already in 
disorder, and it seems probable that 
they remained near Boston only long 
enough to deliver their patent to the 
new comers, coupled with such gloomy 
reports of the northern coast as effec- 
tually put an end to any further 
attempt at colonization. The Com- 
pany of Husbandmen was practically 
dead, its assets in the hands of the 
Massachusetts court, and its mem- 
bers scattered; some went back to 
England and some to Virginia. The 
£1400 of joint stock was a complete 
loss, and apparently the patent was 
seized on by Dummer as some se- 
curity for his advances. This Plough 
Patent was for years a source 
of dispute, being assigned some time 
later to one of Cromwell's command- 
ers, Alexander Rigby, whose agent, 
George Cleeves, disputed the bounds 
of the Royal Province of Gorgeana, 
which fell to the heirs of Sir Ferdi- 
nando Gorges. The constant quar- 
rels between the two factions existed 
until Massachusetts, through its 
agents in England bought up their 
claims and established Maine as a 
dependency of the Bay Colony. 

It seems possible that the only 
person who derived a profit from the 
defunct Plough Company was Rich- 
ard Dummer, who perhaps bought 
out Bachiler's interest in the patent, 
and who sold it through Cleeves to 
Rigby. Bachiler had disposed of his 
small estate in Hampshire to provide 
funds for the colony, had brought 
over a little company of adherents 
and his own children and grand- 
children; and found himself at 71 
stranded in Newton without a settle- 
ment or a pastorate, and equipped 
with a very moderate sum of money, 
a library of fair size and a somewhat 

legendary coat of arms, which the 
fanciful herald, Sylvanus Morgan, 
says did "appertain to Stephen Bach- 
iler, the first pastor of the church of 
Ligonia in New England." 

Bachiler's arrival in the new colony 
was welcomed. Winthrop mentions 
it in his journal, and it was undoubt- 
edly a matter of moment that the 
aged Oxford Scholar had chosen to 
settle in the Bay, with a considerable 
group of hardy immigrants. A man 
of education- and cultivation, as his 
letters show him to have been, was 
no mean addition to Winthrop's settle- 

Although contrary to the direct 
statements of Lewis and Newhall, 
the historians of Lynn, I do not 
believe that Bachiler and his little 
colony immediately established a 
church at Lynn. Bachiler's own letter 
to Winthrop shows his first sojourn 
was at Newtown, now Cambridge. 
Here too we find the name of John 
Kerman, one of the Plough Company 
as an early settler. Here my idea is 
that the handful of colonists left of 
the Plough Company set up their 
first tabernacle, and listened to the 
prophesyings of Master Bachiler. The 
arbitrary General Court of Winthrop's 
colony promptly suppressed the in- 
fluence of these doctrines, which were 
perhaps more tolerant and thus more 
acceptable to many of the newly 
arriving colonists not yet firmly 
bound to the compact and narrow 
limits of the oligarchy. Bachiler and 
his adherents had not joined the 
church covenant by taking the "free- 
man's oath." The Court on Oct. 6, 
1632, ordered that "Mr. Batchel'r 
is required to forbeare exercising his 
gifts as a pastor or preacher pub- 
liquely in our pattent, unless it be to 
those he brought with him, for his 
contempt of authority and till some 
scandles be removed. " 

Probably after this he moved from 
Newtown to Saugus (Lynn) and 
established his church there. Massa- 
chusetts was fast filling up with immi- 
grants, and new settlements were 
being established. These plantations 


The Granite Monthly 

cither kept no records of their first 
years, or, if such there were, they 
have been lost. Thus the only defi- 
nite data of these early years are 
contained in the records of the Gen- 
eral Court, and in the fragmentary 
notes of Winthrop's Journal. On 
March 4, 1033, the inhibition of the 
Court was removed, and Bachiler 
was free to preach at will. This I 
take to be the date of his first minis- 
trations at Saugus. Here he con- 
tinued some three years, preaching 
to his own little flock and gradually 
attaching others to them, until his 
church numbered a score of families. 
This increase became less coherent 
as newcomers settled at Saugus, and 
on March 15, 1G35, Winthrop records 
that ''divers of the brethren of that 
church, not liking the proceedings of 
the pastor and withal making a 
question whether they were a church 
or not, did separate from church 
communion." Bachiler and his fol- 
lowers asked the advice of the other 
churches, who, washing to hear both 
sides, offered to meet at Saugus about 
it. Bachiler then asked the Sepa- 
ratists to put their grievances in 
writing, which they refused to do. 
At this Bachiler's quick temper flamed 
up, and he wrote to the other churches 
that he was resolved to excommun- 
icate these objectors, and therefore 
the conference at Saugus was not 
needed. This hasty proceeding (as 
Winthrop calls it) met with no 
approval at the lecture in Boston 
where Bachiler's letter was read, and 
the elders at once went to Saugus to 
pacify the contending parties. After 
hearing both sides it was agreed that, 
though not at first regularly consti- 
tuted as a church, their consent and 
practice of a church estate had sup- 
plied that defect and so, Winthrop 
concludes, all were reconciled. 

Probably these reconciling elders 
pointed out to Master Bachiler that 
lie had not yet conformed to their 
custom and become a "freeman": 
and indeed the Lynn church resem- 
bled rather the voluntary assemblings 
of the early Christians than the 

formal and solemn installations prac- 
tised in the bay. At all events, on 
May G, 1G35, Bachiler yielded to their 
practice, became a freeman, and thus 
joined the compact, if inelastic, body 
of the Puritan colony. 

Their period was one of extreme 
danger for the Massachusetts Puri- 
tans. The. bay was fast filling up 
with English settlers from different 
counties and each little band was 
headed by some disestablished or 
non-conforming clergyman whose dis- 
like for English intolerance was prob- 
ably equalled by his determination to 
submit to no arbitrary church govern- 
ment in the new country. Thus, in 
America the leaders of the Bay colony 
were confronted with the opposition 
of countless involved theological be- 
liefs at variance with their own, while 
in England the King and Archbishop 
Laud were determined if possible to 
suppress the spread of Puritan 
strength by handicapping the new 
colony with a General Governor from 
England, whose autocracy should be 
firmly allied with the English church 
and the Stuart dynasty. 

The colony of Wunthrop and Dud- 
ley was thus attacked from within 
and from without. Small blame to 
them for determining actively to 
expel the contestants here, and pas- 
sively to ignore the church-and-state 
rule of England. The banishment of 
Roger Williams marks the first con- 
certed move to stamp out theological 
division in their own body. In 
October of 1635 Williams was expelled 
from "Massachusetts, one clergyman 
alone dissenting. It is believed that 
this dissenter was our Hampshire 
Master Bachiler. Indeed, the charac- 
ter of the two men was to some extent 
similar. Both were theorists, both 
intolerant of arbitrary rule, but his- 
tory has magnified the success of one 
and well nigh obliterated the record 
of the other. The constructive tal- 
ents of Roger Williams resulted in the 
establishment of a province where 
toleration was the rule of life, while 
the character of Bachiler, always in 

An Unfoi-given Puritan 


opposition to authority, made his 
life work nugatory. 

The same autumn which banished 
Williams brought young Sir Harry 
Vane to Massachusetts, and the intri- 
cacies of theological disputes found 
in him an ardent supporter. It is 
probable too that the Boston church, 
reacting from the stern rule of Dudley, 
repented their share in the banishment 
of Williams. At all events that 
church, under the broader and more 
spiritual mind of John Cotton, the 
teacher or assistant, became an active 
force in favor of toleration in the Bay. 

But the task of weeding out the 
Puritan garden was not to be stopped. 
The colony must be united and in- 
trenched at home. Each settlement 
must have as its leader some man 
whose trend of thought lay with 
that of the governing oligarchy. At 
Salem was the arch Puritan, Hugh 
Peter: at Newtown the somber 
Thomas Shepherd: at Boston was 
John Wilson, whose natural benignity 
was overshadowed by his loyalty to 
the intolerant tenets he professed: at 
Roxbury John Eliot and Thomas 
Welde were in full accord with the 
narrower beliefs. Saugus, with its 
venerable and educated Pastor Bach- 
iler, was an exception, and here was 
the next stand made. In January, 
1(536, Winthrop records "Air. Bat- 
chellor of Saugus was convent ed 
before the magistrates. Coming out 
of England with a small body of six 
or seven persons and having since 
received in many more at Saugus, 
and contention coming between him 
and the greatest part of his church, 
who had with the rest received him 
for their pastor, he desired dismission 
for himself and his first members, 
which being granted upon supposition 
that he would leave the town (as he 
had given out), he with the said six 
or seven persons presently renewed 
their old covenant, intending to raise 
another church in Saugus; whereat 
the most and chief of the town being 
offended, for that it would cross their 
intention of calling Mr. Peter or some 
'Other minister, they complained to 

the magistrates, who seeing the dis- 
traction which was likely to come by 
this course had forbidden him to 
proceed in any such church way until 
the cause were considered by the 
other ministers. But he refused to 
desist, whereupon they sent for him 
and upon his delay day after day the 
marshal was sent to fetch him. Upon 
his appearance and submission and 
promise to remove out of the town 
within three months, he was dis- 

Thus another opponent of the 
oligarchy was disposed of with the 
strong hand. The church at Saugus 
was put under the rule of an approved 
minister, Samuel Whiting, in whose 
honor the. town name was changed to 
Lynn, and Master Bachiler, disheart- 
ened, laid down the ministry and 
retired to private life. Among his 
church, however, many besides his 
own family disliked the change, and 
several began a new settlement on 
Cape Cod, among them John Carman, 
the Plough Compan}- man. 

Bachiler himself is said to have 
removed in February, 1636. to Ips- 
wich, where the younger Winthrop 
had established a settlement. I find 
no recorded authority for this, and 
incline to think that he and his son- 
in-law Hussey followed Richard Dum- 
mer to Newbury, where their cousin 
had taken up a farm of five hundred 
acres and where Bachiler and Hussey 
likewise received extensive grants of 

The tyrannical rule of the New 
England Puritans met with little 
favor in Old England, where general 
sentiment favored toleration, and 
much disapproved arbitrary self-gov- 
ernment in a colony. Mr. Stansby, 
a silenced Puritan in Norfolk, writing 
to John Wilson, the Boston pastor, 
in 1637, complains "that many of the 
ministers are much straited with 
you: others lay down the ministry 
and became private members, ^as Mr. 
Bachiler, Mr. Jenner and Mr. Nathan- 
iel Ward.. You are so strict in admis- 
sion of members to your church that 
more than one-half are out of your 


The Granite Monthly 

church in all your congregations: 
this may do you much hurt." And 
now the threatened insurrection broke 
out into a flame. The Fast Day 
sermon of John Wheelwright arrayed 
the Massachusetts settlements in two 
district factions, which we may term 
Antinomians and Arbitrarians. Vane 
was elected Governor; Cotton as 
teacher ruled the Boston church; the 
brilliant, if undisciplined, Ann Hut- 
chinson lent distinction to the party 
of toleration. To the North lay the 
fishing settlements of Gorges and Ma- 
son, allied with the English church, — 
to the South Roger Williams and his 
colony of broader views. The Massa- 
chusetts Puritans saw no wiser way 
of treating the spread of these heret- 
ical opinions than by suppression. 
By a political coup worthy of the 
Twentieth Century, the new election 
was won for the arbitrarians; Win- 
throp and Dudley went back into 
office and the Court of Assistants 
was theirs by an overwhelming ma- 
jority. The defeated party did what 
they could by electing Antinomian 
Deputies, but their power was for the 
moment gone. After some verbal 
sparring between Winthrop and Vane, 
the Massachusetts Synod, entirely 
Arbitrarian, denounced eighty erron- 
eous doctrines, and at the November 
session of the General Court the iron 
hand was applied. The leaders of the 
opposition were banished, disfran- 
chised or disarmed. Massachusetts 
again presented a stern front against 
toleration. Wheelwright and his ad- 
herents began a settlement beyond 
the bounds of Massachusetts, at 
Squamscott (now Exeter, N. H.). 
Richard Dummer, who was among 
those disarmed, had too much at 
stake to abandon his possessions at 
Newbury, but returned to England 
and brought back with him in 1638 
a small band of relatives and friends 
who strengthened his hand. 

Bachiler and Hussey, living quietly 
at Newbury and having been dealt 
with the year before, were spared in 
this dictatorial devastation, but the 
inaction was not to Bachiler's liking. 

In the severe winter of 1637-8 the 
venerable Puritan walked on foot 
through the wilderness to Cape Cod, 
where he and his little party hoped to 
begin a settlement near that which 
had been established a year before by 
John Carman and the company from 
Saugus. The rigor of the season and 
the difficulty of the enterprise dis- 
couraged them. Winthrop says: "The 
undertaker of this (the settlement 
at Mattakees, now Yarmouth) was 
one Mr. Batchellor late pastor at 
Saugus, being about 76 years of age: 
yet he walked thither on foot in a 
very hard season. He and his com- 
pany, being all poor men finding the 
difficulty gave it over, and others 
undertook it." 

In England the growing strength 
of the Massachusetts Colony had 
alarmed the King and Canterbury. 
Malcontents sent back from the New 
England Canaan brought to the 
kingly ear strange stories of arbitrary 
and independent acts of the trans- 
Atlantic Puritans. Gorges with un- 
failing persistency schemed for their 
overthrow. The royal patent of 
1629, granted or bought with anti- 
Scriptural bribes, contained privileges 
undreamed of when it was given. 

As early as 1635 the great Council 
of Plymouth surrendered its charter 
to the King, and the Attorney Gener- 
al, Sir John Banks, began Quo 
Warranto proceedings to annul the 
Massachusetts patent. The whole 
coast line from Sagadehock to Nar- 
ragansett was parceled out among 
the eight remaining members. To 
Gorges was allotted the Northern 
district, as far South as the Piscata- 
qua. Mason's share adjoined this 
and ran south to Naumkeag, now 
Salem Harbor. The coast from there 
to Narraganset fell to Lord Edward 
Gorges. Thus a paper division shut 
out Winthrop's colony from anyroyal 
privileges, and the proposed appoint- 
ment of their enemy Sir Ferdinando 
Gorges as Governor General com- 
pleted the pen-and-ink overthrow of 
the Bay Puritans. 

But "paper was all that Charles 

An Unforgiven Puritan 


could give: money and resources he 

had none, and he was indeed keeping 
his own coffers barely rilled by illegal 
and unpopular "ship money" and 
other taxes. With a singular lack of 
perspective, after sweating his Eng- 
lish subjects by these money getting 
tactics, Charles and Laud added the 
last straw by attempting to force the 
Anglican church establishment upon 
Scotland. The storm which this 
raised at home quite blotted out all 
plans for colonial government and 
extension. Sir Ferdinando was left 
to his own resources to fit out the 
ship which should carry the Royal 
Governor to his happy New England 
tenantry; and the doughty Eliza- 
bethan Knight foundered in the 
attempt, just as his newly launched 
vessel broke to pieces on her way 
off the stocks. 

Meanwhile the narrow limits of 
the Massachusetts patent "from the 
Merrimack to the Charles" began to 
press hard on Winthrop's expanding 
colony. Each year new settlers flocked 
there from England, — and new settle- 
ments were needed to accommodate 
them. In 1635 a band of Wiltshire 
men, headed by Thomas Parker, had 
planted the Massachusetts flag on 
the southern bank of the Merrimack, 
at Newbury, and soon the tide over- 
flowed into Salisbury, Haverhill and 

Here began the Debatable Land 
of Mason's patent of 1629, stretching 
from the Merrimack to the Piscataqua 
and joining Gorges' province of 
Maine. Few and scattering were the 
settlements. Depositions made by 
early planters say that in 1631 there 
were but three houses on all that side 
of the country adjoining the Piscata- 
qua. Captain Neale was sent out by 
Mason and Gorges in the same month 
as Winthrop's fleet, and on June 1, 
1630, settled in the stone house built 
by Thomson, the Scotch trader in 
1623 at Little Harbor. These absen- 
tee landlords had large plans, and 
built a manor house or two, set up 
sawmills and fishing stages, but their 

colonies lacked the effective personal 
element, which the Bay Colony pos- 
sessed, and they came to little. 

By the close of 1637 Mason was 
dead, Gorges was busy in the King's 
cause, and the vast regions along the 
Piscataqua contained but a few dis- 
membered plantations. The Anti- 
nomiam heretics were banished from 
Massachusetts or disarmed; ship- 
loads of immigrants friendly to the 
Bay Colony were arriving and they 
must be provided with suitable plan- 
tations. The "Lords Brethren" of 
the Bay scanned their patent and 
saw that its Northern line was the 
Merrimack. Now that river reaches 
the sea at Newbury, but its head 
waters lie far to the North. "The 
wish was father to the thought." 
Winthrop and his oligarchy looked 
the ground over and decided that the 
King's intention was that their patent 
should include all the country south 
of the headwaters. As early as 1636 
the General Court passed an order 
that a plantation should be begun 
at Winnicunnet, some fifteen miles 
north of Newbury, and that Richard 
Dummer and John Spencer should 
press men to build a house there. 
The exact location of this house, 
intended to mark possession but 
afterwards called the "Bound House," 
cannot now be definitely determined. 
It was, says Wheelwright, in 1665, 
"three large miles North of the 
Merrimack," apparently within the 
limits of the present town of Seabrook. 
Just where it was, by whom it was 
occupied and how long, it is impos- 
sible to say. The settlement planned 
was not completed, and in 1637 the 
inhabitants of Newbury were by 
court order allowed to settle there. 
Except for Nicholas East on and a 
Mr. Geoffrey the Newbury settlers 
did not take up the new grant, and 
the two mentioned were unwelcome 
to the Massachusetts authorities, 
East on (afterwards Governor of Rhode 
Island) having been disarmed as an 

(Concluded in next issue) 



By Edgar Sherman Hathorne 

The boy scrambled over rocks and 
fallen tree trunks with the agility and 
grace of a lawless Sylvan springing 
here and there to cull the choicest 
blossoms of the Mayflower. His 
knowledge of wood-craft had taught 
him that, in all the country about, 
this western slope of Wildcat Hill 
offered the rarest bloom. This par- 
ticular patch had been his discovery 
several years before and here no living 
soul had been granted entrance or 
even acquainted of its existence with 
the exception of "teacher" and Beth. 
They had been admitted after giving 
a binding pledge of secrecy. 

That was a year ago, but this spring 
Beth could not come for she was 
recovering from a long illness. When 
he had gathered as many of the fra- 
grant blossoms as he could carry, 
the boy made for the lone pine that 
grew in the open pasture on the brow 
of the hill. For miles to the north 
and east it had been a landmark for 
years, its shapeless deformity clearly 
cut against the sky-line. 

Around the base of the hill, the 
lake sparkled in the early morning 
sun, at whose head Mount Jerry 
stood on guard, while upward from 
the opposite shores of this four-mile 
strip of water rose the gentle slopes 
of Goat and Parsonage Hills; their 
thickly wooded sides dotted here and 
there with an occasional farmhouse 
and its outbuildings. Xearing the 
foot of Goat Hill the houses appeared 
more numerously and a sociable colony 
of smoking chimneys, half a mile 
farther down the hill denoted the 
village of Swedam. That red brick 
chimney farthest to the north was 
the home of the boy, the one first in 
that group to the southward was 
where Beth lived with her Grand- 
father Burbank. 

Many years ago the village of 
Swedam had been built on the bluff 
overlooking the intervales of the 
Merrimack, an occasional gleam of 
whose waters could be seen by climb- 
ing to the flat top of the pine. From 
here also the snow-capped summits of 
Mount Washington and other mem- 
bers of the Presidential Range could 
be seen on a clear day, their blue-gray 
shapes outlined in hazy relief against 
the expanse beyond. In the fore- 
ground the Belknaps, Ossipees, Car- 
digan and Five-step were plainly 
discernible; but, as the eye traveled 
westward, the rise of Goat Hill ob- 
structed all further view of the moun- 
tains with the exception of Mount 
Kearsarge, who viewed the lake with 
solemn dignity from over the shoulder 
of Parsonage Hill. 

As the boy dropped from the lowest 
branch of the pine he stooped to gather 
up the blossoms that he had tied 
into a bunch before climbing the tree. 
Upon leaving the hill he did not take 
the same path that he came up by, 
rather choosing the one that led 
around the foot of the hill to the south. 
This would bring him out of the woods 
below the Burbank's. 

Trudging along in the clear morn- 
ing air, he vainly thought of what he 
would say as he left the blossoms for 
Beth; he also wondered if he would 
catch a glimpse of her at the window, 
for he knew that she was now able 
to sit up a few hours each day. 

He stemmed onto the porch and with 
a trembling hand raised the big iron 
knocker. A series of quick sharp raps 
awoke the emptiness of the hall within. 
The waiting boy could hear his heart 
pounding his ribs; through the closed 
door came the steady tick-tock of 
the tall clock that stood at the turn 
of the winding stairway. Upon re- 

The Hilltop 


eeiviag no response to his summons 
the boy was about to turn away when 
he heard a latch click and then a 
shambling step coming across the 
bare hall floor. Presently the heavy 
paneled door swung in, allowing the 
morning breezes to gently ruff the 
long snowy hair of the old man who 
opened to him. The boy mumbled 
a few incoherent words about "sumpiii 
fer Beth," and "bem' late ter school, " 
as he offered the bunch of flowers, 
turning to beat a hasty retreat down 
the path, through the big white gate 
and into the road again. 

As the old man climbed the stairs 
to Beth's room, with the boy's gift, 
the old blue eyes twinkled merrily, 
for they liked the boy and under- 

All day long the boy's offering had 
filled the room with exquisite perfume, 
their fragrance recalling pleasant mem- 
ories. It was when the sun dropped 
from view behind the hill that Beth 
thought of the one short year ago; 
of the day when she and ''teacher" 
had gone a-Maying with the boy to 
his "special" place and how he had 
helped her climb to the top of the 
pine that grew on the brow of the hill. 
The birds had never sung so sweetly 
as they did that day. How grand 
the view was from the flat top of the 
pine, the nearer hills with the moun- 
tains beyond and directly beneath 
lay the stretch of the lake! 

Later, when evening twilight and 
star-rise met, Grandfather Burbank 
came into her room to give Beth 
her goodnight kiss, going out with the 
candle and latching the door after 
him. For a long time she lay very 
quiet in her high-posted bed, but 
when she heard the rope bed creak in 
the adjoining room she knew that 
Grandfather had retired for the night. 

The evening breezes wandered in 
through the partially closed window, 
gently swaying the white window 
hangings in their capricious night- 
rule. The evening star peeped in 
'-"'tween the moving draperies and 
saw a little white hand and arm reach 
out from under the warm comforters. 

A cool breeze from the window awoke 
a shiver as it struck the bare, warm 
arm that reached to the light stand 
where the boy's gift had been placed 
early that morning. The little hand, 
when it returned to the warmth, 
clutched one of the fragrant beauties. 
The star then looked into the 
curtainless, back attic window in the 
big white farmhouse at the other end 
of the village. The boy saw the star 
as he undressed in the dark. The 
star saw the boy and winked know- 
ingly, but did not tell what he had 
just seen. 

The youth Avas teaching Beth to 
drink from the swift running brook 
that tumbled down the hillside in 
haste to mingle with the waters of 
the lake. They had left the merry 
party of picnickers in the woods below. 
When this lesson in pristine drinking 
had ended, the youth suggested the 
path leading to the foot of the pine 
that grew on the brow of the hill. 
Originally this path was an Indian 
trail, the oral tradition of the coun- 
try-side says that a brave from the 
village across the Merrimack loved 
a pretty Indian maiden who lived 
with her folks in the wigwam on the 
brow of the hill. There is still a faint 
trace of the trail from the foot of the 
pine leading over the hill. This runs 
but a short distance, as it ended at the 
wigwam. The other trail is more 
pronounced as it has been used for 
years by all who visit the pine. The 
lovers would meet at the coming 
together of the two trails and many 
happy hours were spent along the 
time of sunset and star-rise. 

The pine in those days was but a 
small tree of three or four feet in 
height. In the maiden's village lived 
a brave, who loved her, but his wooing 
had been in vain. One summer day 
at dusk as she left her wigwam and 
took the trail to meet her lover, a 
lithe figure glided stealthily after her. 
The savage stopped at a safe distance 
from their trysting place: his fiendish 
red visage distorted with rage and 
hate and jealousy when he beheld 


The Granite Monthly 

his hated rival hold her in loving 

Quickly and quietly he strung an 
arrow, took aim and then dispatched 
the silent messenger on its deathly 
mission. As the arrow left the bow 
the evening breezes bowed the young 
pine; the swift flying arrow cutting 
clean oft' the tender, light green top 
of the pine and falling a few feet 
beyond unobserved. 

A second arrow he then strung, 
a second aim he took, a second mes- 
senger he then dispatched which did 
its work but too well. 

The maiden died a few moons after 
her lover was killed, but her spirit 
seemed to ever linger in the pine. 
When the gentle breezes ripple the 
placid features of the lake below, a 
sigh is heard from the pine, or on a 
blustering winter's night a voice of 
lamentation can be'hearcl by the fire- 
log in the farmhouses across the lake. 

The youth and Beth were grateful 
to reach the shade of the old pine, 
for the hot glare of the noonday sun 
had made the last uphill of the trail 
fatiguing. The old pine was in a 
dreamy, retrospective mood today, 
as it gently sighed, telling the lovers 
at its feet of the love of those happy 
days so long ago. Through all the 
sweet-memory song of the pine there 
came a note of gladness and peace, 
a note of thankfulness and joy; for 
the lover and his faithfulness; for 
the love that overcrowned all. 

To the accompaniment of this 
symphony, the youth told Beth that 
old story of love and Beth listened to 
the old story of love from the lips of 
the youth. There was none to brook 
the sacred scene, save Mount Kear- 
sarge, who stared with rude but 
impassive gaze from over the shoulder 
of Parsonage Hill; Mount Jerry 
at the head of the lake was too busy 
exchanging confidences with Unca- 
noonuc to heed them, while the 
Ossipees and Belknaps were gossiping 
with their snow-capped neighbors 

A blast from the dinner horn sent 
its blatant, discordant echo chasing 

around the lake and up through the 
woods to the two seated beneath the 
pine. As the youth and Beth hurried 
down the trail to join the picnickers, 
it seemed as though the whole hillside 
teemed with life and love; never was 
there such gladness in the woods 
before. Every bird was singing of 
love, the breezes as they chased 
through the trees whispered of love; 
even the busy bee hummed a love-lay. 
The trail now descended the hill and 
followed close to the lake, where each 
tiny wave sang of love as it gently 
kissed the shore, while overhead, 
"the murmuring pines and the hem- 
locks," of this forest primeval, with 
branches intertwined took up the 

All day the sun had given no warmth 
and little light, and, as if repentant 
for the day's omission, outdid himself 
in a resplendent warmth of gorgeous 
colorings, as he sank beyond the 
western slope of Kearsarge, A cold, 
raw wind came in from the Atlantic, 
some forty miles eastward, hurtling 
drifts or fallen leaves across the frost- 
blackened pastures. A wierd and 
uncanny song came from the scatter- 
ing oaks, shagbarks, and chestnuts 
that grew on the hillside, as the wind 
rattled their bony branches of skeleton 

But the lonely pine that grew on 
the brow of the hill supplied a more 
harmonious note of eloquence to this 
grand Miserere. It was a note at 
times clear and shrill, then dying to 
a moan, then a sobbing sigh. Daring 
the intermittent lull the whispered 
prayer became more audible, with 
the oncoming gusts of wind, a suppli- 
cation for strength to bear the 
injustice of it all. With the increasing 
wind, the old tree lashed itself into 
an impetuous fury, throwing its 
scrawny branches skyward and giving 
vent to the pent-up heart hurt, the 
soul-sickness and the utter uselessness 
of it all. 

The figure of a man standing at 
the foot of the pine, outlined against 
the rich purples, dull pinks and dead 

The Hilltop 


gold, seemed by his preoccupied 
mood, to supply a significant factor 

to the scene. While the man gazed 
on the wondrous protoplasm, the 
vivid colors melted to softer shades 
of lavender, pink and bronze-gray, 
that after a brief time silently dis- 
solved themselves into the neutral 
afterglow of dusk. 

How well the pine responds to the 
man's mood! for did he not have the 
same heart hurt; full five summers 
ago since that blissful hour with Beth, 
when their hearts, in tune with the 
heart of the pine, had sung the Song 
of Love. Yes, the Song of Love. 
Did Beth love him now? There was 
that quarrel of so many years ago, 
but not so many when you counted 
them. Yes, it was four years last 
New Year's Eve and they were to be 
married the coming spring. Beth 
had been unrelenting and he had 
been obdurate. The past foiH* years 
abroad had failed to bring about- the 
hoped-for oblivion, and tonight he 
cried out in anguish for her. During 
his silent soliloquy the pine had 
reached the culminating crisis of its 
lamentation. With a loud shriek and 
moan its voice broke; then followed 
a successive sobbing and whispered 
sighs. Thus the Miserere ended, for 
the wind had gone clown with the sun. 

A spirit of peace seemed to spring 
from the gray ashes of the sunset fire. 
The last gust of wind, dying, had 
scattered the heavy black cloud-forms 
into countless cloudlets, and, as the 
wind blew them about, the first star 
of evening appeared, bringing a mes- 
sage of hope. 

Turning to leave the hill, some 
unknown caprice of fancy led him 
to choose the same path he took 
one early spring morning, so many 
years ago. Coming out of the clear- 
ing below the Bur bank's he noticed 
the inviting air of hospitality that 
now, as ever, pervaded the place. 
An unseen and irresistible force drew 
him in through the big white gate. 
Fearing his step be heard on the path, 
he trod the frost-killed grass at the 
side. Half way up the path he 

he paused; through the small window 
panes he could make out in the 
flickering firelight, the old seraphine 
and seated at it was Beth — she whom 
he loved; for whom his heart had 
cried out in the lone night watches. 
How pleasingly familiar the wheezy 
notes of the old instrument sounded 
through the shuttered window. He 
recognized the prelude to a well- 
remembered song It was her voice 
that began that song. 

Once in the dear dead days beyond recall 
When in the world the mists began to fall 
* . * * * * 

Just a song at Twilight, when the lights are low 
And the nickering shadows softly come and go. 

Deep in our hearts it dwells for evermore: 
Footsteps may falter, weary grow the way 
Still we can hear it at the close of day; 
So till the end — 

Through the closed window and 
partially closed shutter came the 
muffled song in which he read a note 
of sadness and longing. The song 
ended and as the last notes of the 
seraphine became silent, all the heavy 
heart burden lifted. With long de- 
termined strides he covered the dist- 
ance to the front porch and raised the 
big iron knocker. 

With courtly punctiliousness, be- 
tokening the pupil of a past school, 
the old man handed Beth into the 
yellow, high-backed sleigh, tucking 
the robes around her back and under 
her feet with the same loving nicety, 
as in the first years. What happy 
hours they had spent together in 
that yellow, high-back sleigh with 
the figures "1858" on the back in 
red and black. The sleigh had been 
Grandfather Burbank's wedding gift 
to them along with the title deed of 
the homestead. That was forty- 
seven years ago tonight and they 
had driven away from the minister's 
in this same sleigh. 

What a glorious night that was 
forty-seven years ago! When they 
left the minister's that night they did 
not come home by the Parsonage 
Hill road, there was a hard crust and 
a full moon, thus making it possible 
to drive home through the pastures by 


The Granite Monthly 

the way of the lone pine that grew 
on the brow of the hill. 

Tonight they would make their 
annual pilgrimage to the ''*' Land-mark 
that breathes of other days." 

Driving up through the village 
they notice the countless changes in 
the span of years; the now prying 
sociability of the houses along the 
road in contrast to the formerly few 
farmhouses. The trolley-track at the 
side of the main road and parallel with 
it; on a high bank, runs the steam- 
car track in lieu of the old stage 
coach and turnpike road. Here en 
the right stands, newly erected, an 
electrical power plant and farther on 
as old Doll slowly draws the sleigh 
up the hill, the outlines of the red 
mill delineated against the snow- 
covered hill beyond, the tall chimney 
and the cupola standing in high 
relief against the star and moonlit 

Reaching the top of the hill, Old 
Doll feels the tightening of the left 
rein; accordingly, she takes the newly 
made road that leads from the village 
square to the top of Wildcat Hill. 
This road, though comparatively new, 
has become a bit of driveway of 
much repute. The beauty and charm 
of landscape, so easily accessible, 
have excited the admiration as well 
as the patronage of many. 

The hill grows steep and Old Doll 
is obliged to jog along at a moderate 
pace with an occasional halt. With 
few exceptions since the date on the 
back of the sleigh, the last eve of 
every year has foimd them on their 
pilgrimage to the lone pbie that stands 
on the brow of the hill. Two years 
back, in the 60's, they had not come; 
for he had been away in the South- 
land following the Stars and Stripes. 
One year Beth had been ill and 
another time he had a broken arm, 
caused by a falling tree. Then there 
was that great blizzard in '74, and 
that not-to-be-forgotten year-end, 
when he and Beth walked hand in 
hand through the Valley of the 
Shadows, watching by the bedside 
of Baby Beth, struggling for the 

little life that had come to mean so 
much to them. The anguish and 
heavy heart-hurt of that flitting! 
The next year they did not come for 
a little stranger came to them to 
heal the wound of the year back. 

The sleigh has reached the open 
country on the top of the hill; now 
Old Doll feels both reins tighten and 
stops. The lover of long ago jumps 
out, somewhat rheumaticy, draws 
the bars of the pasture gate; he then 
returns to lead Old Doll and the high- 
back sleigh with Beth, through the 
lower bars and across the pasture 
to the pine that stands on the brow 
of the hill. 

Standing by the side of the sleigh, 
he and Beth silently contemplate 
the moonlit splendor up-rolling before 
them. The night is of exceptional 
beauty; the moon in an effulgence of 
light paints the bright places in high 
light at the same time throwing the 
subdued into dead black shadow. 
The sky has that almost day-bright 
azure, sparsely studded with only the 
brighest and most courageous stars. 
The brightness occasionally grows dim 
as each troop of omniform cloud obnu- 
bilates the moonlit way; their shadows 
chasing across the frost-frozen face 
of the lake below and then over the 
silver crusted uplands, to disappear 
in the blackness of the thick woods on 
the hilltop. 

An unisonant note of perfect peace 
and irrepressible sweetness is gener- 
ated from the far-reaching, countless 
forces. Each distant hill and 
nearby lowland supplies some silent 
pedal note to the Divine Nocturne. 

To the accompaniment of this silent 
organ music of the night, the voice of 
the pine falls on the ear in soft 
cadence. All the bitter disappoint- 
ment and useless yearning, with the 
passing years, have developed a 
quality in tone of rare richness. 
Tonight the song is a pathognomy, 
revealing a glimpse into the hidden 
chambers of sorrow, disclosing the 
storm scars underlying the sweet song 
of memory. It was a song of resigna- 
tion to the life of hope and faith in the 

The Hilltop 


mysterious unknown: of thankfulness 
for the joy to live again the past. 
All this was harmonized in the Song 
of Soul, from the life experiences of 
the pine and from the lives of the two 
beneath its widespreading branches. 
They had felt alike the glare of the 
hot noonday sun and the cool refresh- 
ings of eventide: the sharp cutting 
of the winter's blast and grateful 
warmth of the spring; the gladsome 
brightness of day and the dark despair 
of the night they knew as well; like- 
wise the bitter disappointment and 
the unlooked for joy, the love, that 
crowning fulfillment of all. 

Lost in silent contemplation, they 
awaken from their musings as a 
black cloud crosses the sky — • 

"The moon is hid, the night is still; 
A single church below the hill is 

As the last echoes chase around the 
shores of the lake and up over the 
hill, Old Doll is turned about and led 
back through the bars into the road. 
There the lover of long ago takes 
his seat beside Beth in the high-back 
sleigh, sitting close to her and drives 
home with the reins in one hand as 
in the first vears. 


By Moses Gage Shirley 

By some act of kindness shown, 
By some gift of friendship given, 

Though you may be sad and lone 
You have found a light to Heaven, 

By some act of hate and spite 
That may bring another pain, 

From you, you may shut the light 
And in darkness long remain. 


By William Wilson 

His was the passion the ocean to dare, 

He loved its wild ways — ■ 

His ways were as wild, 

And his heart knew no fear; 

Now lifeless he lays 

Beyond human care. 

And the petulant waves like a frightened coquette 

Are hugging his form in a foamy caress 

And fretfully combing his hair, 

And the spray on his eyelashes shines like a tear. 

All unmindful is he to the kiss or the fret, 

And his hair like the seaweed all tangled and wet 

Rises and falls with the tide. 




By John Bachcldcr 

The writer was born and- reared 
among the granite hills of New Hamp- 
shire, before the iron horse had invaded 
the quiet villages in the valleys of 
the Connecticut, Merrimack and 
smaller streams — before the cotton 
mills and other large industries that 
now characterize New England towns 
and cities as the Manchesters and 
Birminghams of America had made 
much progress. Instead of railways, 
we had the old Concord stage coach 
which has not, like "The Deacon's 
One Hoss Shay" entirely collapsed. 
It is still used in the mountains where 
the railway has not penetrated. 

The woolen mills, as they were then 
called, consisted of a set of power 
cards usually located in a small room. 
The wool was washed b} r the farmer 
and the mill simply converted it into 
rolls which were spun into yarn by 
the farmer's wives and daughters on 
on the large hand wheels. Some 
families would card and make their 
own rolls with hand cards. The yarn 
was woven into cloth on hand looms 
and used for clothing the family, 
both male and female, for everyday 
service and was called homespun; but 
most families had their Sunday or 
"go-to-meeting" suits. Of course we 
all went to church and heard "Old 
Hundred" sung, and read nothing 
on Sunday but the Bible and smiled 
only by special permission. This 
period was before my 'teens had 
arrived — seventy-five years ago. The 
boys usually made up for this mental 
blockade on the following week days 
and balanced accounts with the old 
folks. Boys were boys then as now. 
New England atmosphere and envi- 
ronment did not eliminate the boy. 
The equipoise of the pedagogue was 

often disturbed by the boy. The 
girls, of course, never indulged in 
mischief; it was always the naughty 
boy who slipped icicles into the 
pockets of the teacher's swallow- 
tailed coat, to melt, when he monop- 
olized the heat from the sparkling 
wood fire on a cold winter da}'. But 
this was long ago. We had no system 
of steam pipes or steam-heating 
devices then, out this stray leaf from 
memory's library is well preserved 
and still legible. We had husking 
bees in "ye olden tyme" which the 
reader may know but little about, 
unless the trunk of the ancestral tree 
was of Yankee origin, or their knowl- 
edge, traditional. 

In New Hampshire, seventy years 
ago, common labor was paid fifty 
cents per day; the farmer raised and 
dressed his flax; the housewife spun 
and wove it. He raised his own wool 
and had it made into clothing. 

They purchased prints and sheet- 
ings in limited quantities — the former 
at from eighteen to twenty-five cents 
per yard, of qualities inferior to what 
are now at one fourth of these prices. 
These were the conditions often al- 
luded to by politicians as "the good 
old times." 

There was but little money in 
circulation. The merchant or farmer 
rated at 810,000 was regarded as a 
king among his peers. They trusted 
in God, but had no industrial trusts 
and no labor strikes. The dignified 
parson prayed for rain when the 
growing crops began to suffer, and 
if Pluvius was too liberal, reversed 
his appeal. The solar system has 
not changed materially, so far as I 
can discover, but Doctor Franklin's 
little experiment with the turkey that 

Reminiscenced of Early Life in New England 


prostrated the goose, has been utilized 
with wonderful results. The wooden 
mould board of the farmer's plow 
was covered with strips of wornout 
tire from cart and wagon wheels. 
The sickle and grain cradle were all 
the harvesting machinery in use. 
McCormick, if born, was unknown 
to fame. The music was the flail 
instead of piano during the short 
winter days, and Revolutionary and 
ghost stories for amusement in the 
evenings. Our holidays were limited 
to the Fourth of July and Thanks- 
giving: but we had husking bees when 
the whole neighborhood would con- 
gregate to husk the farmer's corn and 
when it was over, 

A feast wa^ ready — tables spread, 

A bill of country fore — 
Turkey, mince pie and gingerbread 

Prepared with special care. 

Next, "on the light fantastic toe," 

All but the deacons dance: 
At twelve o'clock we all must go: 

Somehow — perhaps by chance, 

The pendulum of the old clock 

Refused to move or tick; 
The wheels of time received a shock — 

Perhaps a boyish trick. 

Our seniors would not let us borrow, 
^And when the clock struck twelve, 
No drafts were honored on tomorrow — 
Tomorrow all must delve. 

Hobson was not the first man kissed, 

Red ears were passports then; 
His name was not upon the list 

Though it included men. 

Our parson prayed for all his flock — 

For saints and sinners too; 
Commencing with old Plymouth Rock 

And traced their hist'ry through. 

HLs congregation all could sing 

Old Hundred — all by rote; 
And often make the old church ring 

When few could read the notes. 

But times have changed since I was young- 

^We hear the organ's peal; 
No longer i3 "Old Hundred" sung, 
And sinners seldom kneel. 

The spinning wheel has been retired, 

The hand looms rest unused; 
Electric sparks have been inspired 

And energy infused. 

Now, forty minutes span the earth; 

"Time was, but is no more" — 
Modern science has g.ven birth 

To truth, and we want more. 

I'll say good-by to "good old times" 

And wipe away my tears; 
And And a better use for rhyme3 

In my declining years. 

The dawn of an enlightened age 

Is lighting up the way; 
Let us enlarge the historic page 

And greet the coming ray. 

The old we class as lower grade. 

And not quite up to date; 
Electric sparks are on parade. 

And steam is doomed by fate. 

Automobiles — the latest fad 

Art- now familiar sights; 
Old fogies say that we are mad, 

But are the fogies right? 

Both Occident and Orient 

Are boundaries today; 
In warfare but an incident 

In monarchy's decay. 

We've many trusts, — some trust in God, 

But more in shining gold; 
The toilers meek who turn the sod 

Are oft by it controlled. 

Returning to domestic affairs, the 
young lady's outfit and trousseau 
consisted of a set of furniture not by 
any means as elaborate and expensive 
as we find on sale today: Bed- 
clothing, home made from flax and 
wool, kitchen furniture, a set of silver 
spoons, a string of gold beads, and 
among the curios of today would be 
the wanning pan of polished brass, 
with fancy handle and trimmings, 
having a perforated hinged cover for 
the heat to escape from the live coals 
with which it would be filled when 
ready for use in warming the bed in 
cold weather. This article has be- 
come historical by the use made of it 
by (Lord) Timothy Dexter of New- 

When a young man he was a shoe- 
maker, had saved a little money and 
made many successful ventures in 
shipments to the West Indies and 
other places. Later he became a 
shipowner. On one occasion, when 
making up a cargo for the West 
Indies, he asked the advice of one of 
his neighbors in regard to what he 
should ship there for a profit. His 
waggish neighbor, as a joke, recom- 
mended warming pans. The ludi- 
crous idea of shipping warming pans' 
to a tropical climate, did not occur 
to Dexter, and he acted upon the 
advice and bought up all the warming 
pans he could find and shipped them. 
To the surprise of everybody, after 
learning what he had done, it turned 
out a good investment. The sugar 
planter used it with the cover turned 
back, to dip the syrup from the kettle, 
then put down the cover which was 


The Granite Monthly 

secured by a catch and turned it over 
and strained it. He was fortunate 
in most of his ventures, but more by 
accident than by the exercise of good 
judgment. He built and furnished 
a fine residence — -palatial for the earl}' 
days; the exterior was ornamented 
with carved images which were still 
standing in 1845. He was the laugh- 
ing stock of sensible people, had but 
a limited education and was heavily 
overstocked with vanity. He assumed 
the title of Lord and was flattered 
when addressed as My Lord or Lord 

The old Concord stage coaches were 
run between the capital and the larger 
towns carrying the mails and passen- 
gers. Railways were not dreamed of. 
The first passenger railways in New 
England — the Boston & Providence 
and the Boston & Lowell commenced 
running in 1831, when the Eastern 
and Middle States bordering on the 
Atlantic as well as in England were 
pushing in the same direction — organ- 
izing railway companies. On com- 
pletion of the Liverpool & Manchester 
road, I think in 1832, an excursion 
train with invited guests left Liver- 
pool for Manchester. Among the 
guests was the British Premier who 
was accidentally killed. This led to 
the introduction of a bill in parlia- 
ment limiting the speed of railway 
trains to twelve miles an hour. Trains 
have recently been run over that road 
at the rate of seventy-two miles an 
hour. In 1830 the first passenger 
train was run over the Baltimore & 
Ohio road, and in 1831 the first long 
cars with four-wheel trucks were built, 
but none of this style were used in 
Europe for many years after. On 
some of our first roads, the rails were 
flat bars of iron spiked down to a 
wooden rail secured to ties that were 
imbedded. The heavy wrought-iron 
rails were too expensive. Money was 
not loaned at 3 per cent. then. The 
ends of these bars would sometimes 
get loose and go up through the 
bottom of the car. A friend once 
related his experience when traveling 
in the West, The end of a rail (snake 

heads they were then called) came up 
between him and a fellow-passenger 
on the same seat. 

In 1838. the year I took up my 
residence in Boston, the steamer 
Sirius made a passage from London 
to New York in seventeen days and 
the Great Western from Bristol to 
New York in fifteen days. The cele- 
brated English savant, Doctor Lard- 
ner, denounced the project of trans- 
atlantic steam navigation, and pub- 
lished a pamphlet embodying his 
views on the subject just previous 
to the departure of these vessels from 
England which had the effect of 
damaging his reputation for sagacity. 
In 1846 and '47 the writer crossed the 
Atlantic four times in the Cunard 
steamers, making the shortest passage 
in fourteen clays and now the passages 
are made in less than six days — 
the shortest by the Lusitania in 5 
days, 7 hours, and 23 minutes. Steam 
was a pioneer in industrial develop- 
ment; but electricity will soon be, 
and is now to a large extent, its 
successor. From these early begin- 
nings within my recollection, we now 
lead all other nations in. railway 
mileage and are nearly equal to all 
combined. Previous to 1860 our 
annual production of iron did not 
exceed 20,000 tons. Up to 1870 we 
had made but about 30,000 tons of 
steel rails. Today we are the largest 
producers in the world and have sold 
a better quality at $20 per ton than 
we have paid England SI 60 for. The 
Yankees are accused of being boastful, 
but when we review their achievement 
it must be regarded as a pardonable 
sin. No other nation has ever accom- 
plished half as much in a half century 
as we have in the last half of the 
nineteenth, and are still pressing on. 

It is unsafe to say that what may 
seem visionary, cannot be accom- 
plished. We are apt to call people 
cranks until their efforts are crowned 
with success. Let us wait and see 
what the next half-century will bring 
to the surface. Only our juniors, 
the youth of today, will enjoy that 



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(Governor of New Hampshire, 1891-2. 



Hiram Amerieus Tut tic, governor of New 
Hampshire in 1891 and 189*2. died at his home 
in the town of Pittsfield, February 10, 1911, 
after a long and painful illness. 

He was a son of George and Judith Mason 
(Davis) Tuttle, born in Barnstead, October 
13, 1827. His father was a grandson of John 
Tuttle of Dover, who settled in Barnstead in 
1776, and a descendant of that John Tuttle, 
the first of the name in America, who came 
from St. Albans in the West of England, in 
1033; while his mother was a descendant of 
Samuel Davis, a Revolutionary soldier and 
an early settler of the same town. " 

When Hiram A was nine years of age his 
father removed with, his family from Barn- 
stead to Pittsfield, where he attended the 
public schools and Pittsfield Academy. At 
the age of seventeen he became a clerk in the 
clothing store of Lincoln & Shaw of Concord, 
remaining several years and acquiring a 
thorough knowledge of the business, and, 
through his courtesy and affability, winning 
a host of friends who were devotedly attached 
to him in all the after years. After a time he 
was made manager by this firm of their branch 
store in Pittsfield, of which he ultimately 
became the proprietor, and whose business 
grew and prospered under his direction till it 
became one of the largest and most flourishing- 
establishments of the kind to be found in the 
state outside the larger cities, and has so 

But Mr. Tut :le's ambition and energy car- 
ried him into other fields of industry and 
enterprise, and as early as 1888 he engaged 
in the lumber business, continuing therein 
extensively through life. He was also largely 
toterested in real estate, and to his building 
operations the prosperous village of Pittsfield 
is indebted in no small measure for its attrac- 
tive appearance, his own fine residence (un- 
fortunately badly damaged by fire since his 
deceas* ) and his large business block being 
prominent architectural features of the place. 
He was an active promoter of the Pittsfield 
Aqueduct Company, holding a large share 
Of its stock, and was deeply interested in all 
measures and agencies designed to advance 
the welfare of the town in material as well as 
educational lines. He was a director of the 
Pittsfield National Bank, president and 
trustee of the Pittsfield Savings Bank, presi- 
dent and director of the Suncook Valley 
Railroad, whose construction he did much to 
promote, and a director of the Concord & 
Montreal Railroad. He was also president of 
r -ie Manchester Savings Bank. 

He was one of the trustees of the old Pitts- 
neld Academy, and last year presented the 

town of Pittsfield with a fine school building, 
in memory of his daughter and only child, the 
late Hat tie French Tuttle Folsom. He was 
for many years president of the Old Home 
Week Association of the town, under whose 
auspices many pleasant reunions of the sons 
and daughters of Pittsfield had been held. 

In politics Mr. Tuttle was a Republican of 
the stalwart type, uniting with that party 
when attaining his majority, though his rela- 
tives were all Democrats. In 1860 he was 
the candidate of Ms party for town clerk, 
when the first determined contest was made 
for control of the town by the Republicans, 
it having long been strongly Democratic. 
He was successful, his election being the first 
Democratic defeat in a third of a century. 
He was elected to the Legislature in 1873 and 
again the following year, and in 1876 was 
appointed an aide on the staff of Governor 
Person C. Cheney, with the rank of colonel. 
In 1S7S he was chosen a member of the. execu- 
tive council, and re-elected in 1S79, under 
the amended constitution, for a term of two 
years. In 1SSS he was a delegate at large to 
the Republican National Convention, and 
in 1S91 and 1S92 was governor of the State of 
New Hampshire, having been the candidate 
of his party at the election in November 
previous, which was the most closely con- 
tested in the history of the state. He received 
42, 479 votes at the polls, to 43,386 for Charles 
II. Amsden, the Democratic nominee, and 
1,363 for Josiah M. Fletcher, Prohibitionist, 
and was elected by the Legislature in joint 
convention at the opening of the session in 

He was one of the most popular incumbents 
who ever held the executive office, and at- 
tended many important public functions. 
He was present with his staff at the opening 
of the World's Columbian Exposition in 
Chicago, and at the dedication of the battle 
monument at Bennington, Vt., also the laying 
of the cornerstone of the main building of 
the New Hampshire College of Agriculture 
and the Mechanic Arts at Durham. 

Governor Tuttle was a member of and 
liberal supporter of the sendees of the Episco- 
pal Church of Pittsfield, but gave generous 
aid also to other churches of the town. 

He married, in 1S59, Miss Mary C. French, 
only child of the late John L. French, in the 
fifties, cashier of the Pittsfield Savings Bank. 
Their only child, Hattie French Tuttle, born 
January 17, 1861, a highly accomplished 
young woman, educated at Wellesley College, 
who was the wife of Frederic K. Folsom of 
Boston, died a few years since, leaving two 
sons, Hiram Tuttle Folsom and Charles E. 
B. Folsom. 


The Granite Monthly 


Mrs. C. Jennie Swaine passed from this life 
at her home in Dover, December 10, 1910. 
Mrs. Swaine was the daughter of Daniel and 
Mehitabie B. (Watson) ^Clough, and was 
born in Pittsfield, June 17, 1S35. The family 
moved to Epsom in 1840, where she was'edu- 
cated in the schools of that town and Pem- 
broke Academy. 

She commenced teaching \ r oung, which 
vocation she followed until her marriage to 
Charles G. Swaine of Barrington, where she 
resided several years. Mr. and Mrs. Swaine 
afterward lived in Pembroke many years, but 
left seven years ago to reside in Dover during 
their remaining years. 

Mrs. Swaine began when quite young to 
write poems for the press,, and for many years 
was a well-knov.ii verse and prose writer for 
many publications. Some years ago she 
published a volume of poems entitled "Leg- 
ends and Lilies." 

She was a woman who lived near to nature, 
and its beauties appealed to her. With a 
heart full of love to God and her feilovr-crea- 
tures, she won many friends. She leaves to 
.mourn, beside her husband, one son, D. Loren 
Swaine, two grandchildren, all of Dover, and 
two sisters, Mrs. Rosilla W. Heath of Epsom 
and Mrs. S. Elisabeth Leighton of Millville, 


George Fiske Wilber, M. D., born in Web- 
ster. Mass., May 15, 1S39, died in the city 
of Nashua, January 21, 1911. 

He was a descendant in the eighth genera- 
tion from that Samuel Wilbour who came to 
this country from the vicinity of Doncaster, 
England, and settled in Boston in 1633. Suc- 
ceeding generations have spelled their name 
Wilbor, Wilbur and Wilber, all descending 
from the same stock. Doctor Wilber's home 
was in Massachusetts, at Webster and at 
Chicopee Falls, till 13-17, when his people 
removed to Gilsum in this state, remaining 
till 1855, when removal was made to Nashua, 
where his residence has since been. He was 
educated at Crosby's Literary Institute in 
Nashua, at Kimball Union Academy, Meri- 
den, and at Westbrook (Me.) Seminary, pay- 
ing his way by teaching and work in other 

After leaving school he was assistant post- 
master at Nashua, under Postmaster George 
Bowers, and after the outbreak of the Civil 
War he went to Fortress Monroe, in charge 
of the military post-office, where he remained 
a year or more, meanwhile continuing his 
medical studies. Afterward he entered Long 
Island College Hospital, where he graduated 
M.D. in 1864, then entering the naval service 
as an assistant surgeon, being finally mus- 
tered out in November, 1S65. Subsequently 
he was for a while at the West, but returned 
East a year later, and after a short term of 

service as resident surgeon at the Long Island 
Hospital, he came back to Nashua, where he 
continued through life, being in active prac- 
tice there for more than forty-five years, with 
marked success. 

He was a member of Rising Sun Lodge, 
A. F. and A. M., Meridian Sun Royal Arch 
Chapter, Israel Hunt Council, St. George 
Commandery, K. T., and all the Consistory 
bodies, being a Scottish Rite Mason of the 
32d degree. He was a member and a past 
chancellor of Nashua Lodge, K. of P., a mem- 
ber of Pennichuck Lodge, I. O. O. F., and a 
patriarch in Indian Head Encampment. 
He was city physician in 1S72 and 1873, and 
county physician in 1S75 and 1876. He was 
a trustee of the City Guaranty Savings Bank: 
and interested in the City Emergency Hos- 
pital, serving on. the staff. He was surgeon 
at the Home for Aged Women and a member 
of the Board of United States examining 
surgeons for pensions. He was also prom- 
inent in the Grand Army of the Republic and 
had served as department commander and 
medical director. 

In religion he was a devoted Universalist 
and by will left the First Universalist Society 
of Nashua a bequest of $35,000. 

He married, September 20, 1875, Clara E. 
Bowen of Nashua, who died May' 29, 1910. 
They had no children. 


Ella Louise, daughter of David and Louisa 
(Bigelow) Knowles, born in Northwood, in 
1860, died at Butte, Mont., January 27, 1911. 

She obtained her primary' education from 
her mother and in the district school, gradu- 
ated from Xorthwood Seminary at fifteen 
years of age and from the New Hampshire 
Normal School at sixteen. Subsequently she 
engaged in teaching, earning the money to 
pay for a college course, which she completed 
at Bates College, Le wist on, Me., in 1884, 
graduating with high honors. She immedi- 
ately commenced the study of law in the office 
of Burnham & Brown of Manchester, con- 
tinuing till her health gave out and a change 
fo climate became imperative. She accepted 
a position as professor of rhetoric and elocu- 
tion in Iowa College, which she filled for a 
time, but found another change necessary 
and went to Montana, among the mountains. 
She taught in the schools of Helena till 
improving health enabled her to take up again 
the study of her chosen profession. Mean- 
while she succeeded after a hard struggle in 
getting a bill through the territorial Legisla- 
ture authorizing women to practice law in 
Montana. December 28, 1888, she was 
admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court of 
Montana, after a severe examination, and was 
authorized to practice in the United States 
courts in 1890 

Taking an interest in politics, she was 
named by the Populist party, of which she 
Was one of the organizers in the state, as its 



candidate for attorney-general, and made a 
brilliant canvass, speaking nearly one hundred 
times during the campaign, in all parts of the 
state, but was defeated by her Republican 
opponent, Henry J. Haskell, who subse- 
quently appointed her as his assistant and, 
later, married her. She assisted in most state 
cases during his administration, but continued 
her own private practice, which soon became 
extensive and lucrative. In a case which 
she won in 1894, she received a fee of SI 0,000, 
then said to be the largest fee ever paid a 
woman lawyer. The year before she appeared 
successfully in a school land case for the 
State of Montana, before the Interior Depart- 
ment at Washington, the amount, involved 
being some §200,000. 

Some years after her marriage to Mr. 
Haskell, she was divorced from him and 
removed to Butte, where she was actively 
engaged in practice for some time, with much 
financial success, but had been compelled to 
relinquish her labors and had traveled exten- 
sively for her health. 

She had been active in woman's club work, 
and prominent in the Society of the Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution. She was 
deeply interested in theosophy and Oriental 
philosophy. Of a serious and thoughtful 
nature, independent and determined, she was 
a woman of marked character and left a 
strong impress upon social and public life. 


Hiram Harvey Dow died at his home in 
Kearsarge, Conway, on Saturday, December 
24, 1910. He had had a long illness of more 
than two years, and had returned from Bos- 
ton, where he had been staying for special 
treatment, only the week before. 

He left hundreds of friends in many cities 
of the country, who had experienced his 
frank and kindly courtesy as their host of 
the beautiful Ridge House, and in his own 
town and county and state are many other 
friends and admirers, become so through 
appreciation of his honorable service in a 
number of public offices. 

He was, in the opinion of many, the best 
politician in Carroll County, using that much 
misused word in its true Mid be.-;t sense. 

Col. Harvey Dow was born July 6, 1847, 
in Wheelock, Yt., the only son of Joseph and 
Mary (Chase) Dow. He came to Kearsarge 
when only a lad, and began his hotel career 
l»v helping his brother-in-law, the late Edwin 
Merrill, in the old Merrill House. Afterwards 
he was clerk at the Kearsarge House in North 
Conway, in those stirring days when Samuel 
« • Thompson was the famous landlord of 
that famous summer resort. He married 
Clara Ella Barnes, the daughter of Albert 
Harries, who kept the Summer House at Kear- 
sarge Village, now officially "Kearsarge." 
He and his father-in-law- removed iha Summer 
House from the foot of the poetic hillock where 
it stood to its crest and rebuilt and renamed 

it prettily. Together they kept the Ridge 
House for a number of seasons (until its de- 
struction by fire), though latterly Mr. Barnes 
had retired from business, and Colonel Dow's 
son, Albert Barnes Dow, was associated with 

Colonel Dow was a good servant of his town, 
serving as collector of taxes in 1S72. In 1S73 
he was made a member of the board of select- 
men and served as its chairman for four years. 
Two years he served as count}' commissioner 
for. Carroll County. He served a term as 
representative in the General Court, where 
he was placed on several important commit- 
tees and was chairman of the appropriations 

Col. H. H. Dow. 

committee. He was a member (with the rank 
of colonel) of the official staff of Gov. Moody 
Currier, and during President Harrison's 
administration he was deputy collector of 
internal revenue. 

A good man is gone, one wdio was a good 
neighbor, a fair-minded counselor, a kind 
husband, a dovoted and loving father, a 
valuable citizen. . Besides his wife and son, 
he leaves a daughter Helen, who is a teacher 
in the Parmenter School, Arlington, Mass.; 
and two sisters, Mrs. Sumner Hill of Conway, 
and Mrs. James L. Gibson of North Conway. 

He was a member of the Mount Washington 
Lodge of Free Masons, and his funeral at his 
home, the day after Christmas, was held 
with Masonic ceremonies. Previously the 
Rev. Bruce W. Brotherston, of the Congre- 
gational Church, held the church burial 


The Granite Monthly 


William B. Weeks, born in Canaan, May 
14, 1839, died at Lebanon, January 26, 1911. 

He was a son of the late Hon. William P. 
and Mary E. (Doe) Weeks, his mother being 
a sister of the late Chief Justice Charles Doe, 
with whom he commenced the study of law, 
after graduating from Dartmouth College 
in 1861. He concluded his legal studies 
with Foster ct Sanborn, in Concord, was 
admitted to the bar in 1S64, and commenced 
practice in Canaan, where he was associated 
for a time with the late Isaac N. Blodgett, 
afterward chief justice of New Hampshire. 
Subsequently he removed to West Virginia, 
but did not long remain. Returning to New 
Hampshire, he located in Lebanon, where 
he continued. He was well read in his pro- 
fession, but never attained an extensive 
practice, being of quiet manner and retiring 

In 1SG6 he married Henrietta M. Bridgman 
of Hanover. They had no children, but 
adopted as their son Ethan Allen Bridgman, 
now in business in Seattle, Wash. 

Mr. Weeks was a staunch Republican, 
liberal in .his religious views and a pleasant 
man to meet socially or in business. He had 
lived for years in the home on Bank Street, 
in Lebanon, which was earlier known as the 
Aaron H. Cragin place. He is survived by 

his wife, a sister, Mary E. Weeks of Canaan, 
and a brother, Marshall II. Weeks of Fair- 
bun-, Neb. The late Hon. Joseph D. Weeks 
of Canaan was a brother. 


Arthur W. Blair, M.D., born in Plymouth, 

May 22, 1S4S, died in Dorchester "District, 
Boston, Mass., January 11, 1911. 

Doctor Blair was the youngest of eleven 
children of Hon. Walter and Eliza Farnum 
Blair. His father died the year after his 
birth and his mother removed to Vermont, 
where he was educated, preparing for college 
at Newbury Seminary. He entered Dart- 
mouth College, graduating in 1S72. He 
taught successfully for several years, and then 
took up the study of medicine, graduating 
from the medical "department of the Univer- 
sity of Vermont and locating in practice in 
the town of Orford, this state, where he 
remained till 1SS6, and then removed to 
Dorchester, where he continued until his 
decease in active and successful practice. 

He was a Congregationalist in religion, a 
devoted member of the church, and an earnest 
and sincere Christian, as shown by his life 
and example more than by any profession. 

In 1877 he married Ellen S. Chamberlain 
of St. Johnsbury, Vt., and she and their two 
sons, Walter and Hush, survive him. 


The delay in the issue of this double 
number of the Granite Monthly for Febru- 
ary and March, which should have appeared 
two weeks since, is due to a combination of 
circumstances over which the publisher had 
no control, and he, therefore, feels called 
upon to make no apology. As the magazine 
is published not as a money making, propo- 
sition (which it never has been), but be- 
cause the State of New Hampshire should 
have at lea^t one publication primarily 
devoted to its history and biography, it is 
hoped that its patrons will overlook the 
occasional delays, which are a source of 
greater annoyance to the publisher than 
they possibly can be to others. 

The session of the Legislature now drawing 
to a close is the longest that the state has 
known since the biennial system was estab- 
lished. It has been characterized, also, by 
a greater degree of absence, and general 
inattention to business, on the part of the 
average member, than has been the case at 

any previous session; and also by a larger 
addition to the annual salary list, and the 
general running expenses of the government, 
not to mention special and extraordinary 
appropriations. It has failed, lamentably, 
in some things, notably in its defeat of the 
resolution ratifying the income tax amend- 
ment to the federal Constitution, in utter 
defiance of the wishes of the people, as plainly 
set forth in the platforms of both political 
parties; and in its refusal to adopt the reso- 
lution calling for a national constitutional 
convention to provide for the election of 
United States Senators by the people. It 
has done good work in some other directions, 
however, as evidenced particularly in the 
unanimous passage of the measure providing 
for the perpetual preservation of the natural 
beauties of Crawford Xotch, and in the adop- 
tion of measures for the permanent settle- 
ment of all questions arising between the 
railroads and the people,— if it so happens 
that such measures shall prove effective, — and 
hereafter the railroads shall be kept out of 
politics and politics out of the railroads. 

3L* XLIH. No. 4 APRIL, tvil New Serves, Vol. VI, No. 4 

I lie 

| W H J P / V [ V\ | 1 -*4 

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1/1 Jr 1 • |r§ I 

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A New H am psh I re Magazine 

le voted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress 
S CONTENTS FOR /C ,.-■--' ' fe^ 


':-: ^ Edson C. Eastmac . . ... .\ .,..,-.-<" . ' • 99 gpl* 

Ws§i Bv H. 1L Meteali*. with Frontispiece. 


i>n n. xj. ,ucn; s ti fiuiiwaprew;. £>&?|s 

sJj*P Wreck of Schooner Glendon . • ... . 103 l 5^y 

*§5f By Harry V . Laurence. Illustrated. 0K 

•5^ An Unforgiven Puritan ... . . . . 1C7 ||f^ 

v Q ; By Victor C. Sanborn. ." V»"W 

^) For Becky's Sake . . . . . ..114 j££) 

<> | fd By Henry Jacob Krier. hi -J 9 

v ; ;| Spring Trysting Places * . .122 |§W. 

Bv Florence A. D. MeKenzie. " " j'A*) 

•pigj K e-^ Hampshire Necrology . . . . ' . * .125 g^f 

.^".4 Editor ajid Publisher's Notes ...... 128 fefg. 



Jj&jSa Poems . {b$^e* 

^S* By Martha II. Abbott, Maude Gordon Roby, Stewart Everett Rowe, Lucy [jf^ 1 

*&!% M&?o Warner, Beia Chapin. tie** 

ssued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF, Editor and Manager 
ERMS: $1.90 per annum, in advance; SI. 50 If not paid in advance. Single copies, 15 cent; 

CONCORD, N. H., 1311 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 

n-j. ( 




The Granite Monthly 

Vol. XLTII, Xo. 4 

APRIL, 1911 New Series, Vol. 6, Xo. 4 


By H. II. Metcalf 

Few, if any, families in New Eng- 
land have been more intimately and 
actively identified with the material 
development, intellectual progress, 
and political history of this impor- 
tant section, or of the country at large, 
than that bearing the name of East- 
man, whose representatives, for many 
generations, have been among the 
foremost citizens of Concord and of 
New Hampshire, in business, in pro- 
fessional and in public life. While 
many of these may have attained 
greater eminence, in one direction or 
another, it is safe to say, however, 
that no one bearing the name ever 
pursued a more honorable career, 
lived a worthier life, enjoyed a wider 
acquaintance, or won for himself in 
higher measure the friendship, con- 
fidence, respect and esteem of those 
with whom he came in contact, than 
Edson Cummixgs Eastman, who 
was born in Concord, November 1, 
1832, and departed this life, March 9, 

Mr. Eastman was a descendant in 
the seventh generation from Roger 
Eastman, the emigrant ancestor of 
the Eastmans of America, who, born 
in 1611, came from Langford in Wilt- 
shire England, in 1638, and settled in 
Salisbury, Mass., in 1644. He had 
eleven children, through Philip, the 
third of whom, descent is traced. 
Ebenezer Eastman, the third child 
and eldest son of Philip, born in 
Haverhill, Mass., February 17, 1681, 
was the first settler of Concord, then 
the plantation of "Pcnnycook," in 
1727, who came with his wife, Sarah 
Peaslee, and six sons — a daughter 

and another son being born subse- 
quently. His home was on the east 
side of the river, and he was an ex- 
tensive farmer as well as mill owner, 
and was reckoned the most prosper- 
ous man in the community. Pie was 
one of the committee that settled the 
first minister, Rev. Timothy Walker. 
When he died— July 28, *1 748— his 
estate was appraised at nearly £8,000, 
one item of which, it may be noted, 
was "a negro man," valued at the 
handsome figure of £400. There was 
heroic blood in Ebenezer Eastman's 
veins, and he did valiant service for 
his country in the Colonial wars, 
commanding a company at the siege 
of Louisburg. in 1746. Nor were his 
descendants less patriotic. Nathaniel, 
his fourth son and next in the line, 
born in Haverhill, Mass., March 10, 
1717, and therefore ten years old 
when the family removed to Concord, 
who married Phebe Chandler, was 
also engaged in the French war, serv- 
ing under Colonel Williams at the bat- 
tle of Lake George in 1755 and a Revo- 
lutionary soldier, with Ebenezer 
Webster at Ticonderoga, in 1777, as 
was his own eldest son, Nathaniel, 
born in Concord, October 9, 1755. 

This last Nathaniel, of the fifth 
generation, married Ruth Bradley, 
reputed to have been a gifted woman, 
who was one of the first members of 
the First Baptist Church of Concord. 
They had eight children of whom the 
youngest was Seth, born August 11, 
1801, who married Susan Coffin, and 
was for many years prominent in 
Concord business life. Seth and 
Susan (Coffin) Eastman had four 


The Granite Monthly 

sons of whom the first and last died 
young. The elder survivor was Ed- 
son Cummings, the younger, Samuel 
Coffin Eastman, the well-known Con- 
cord lawyer and business man, now 
the only remaining member of the 

Edson C. Eastman was educated in 
the schools of his native city, and at 
Gilmanton Academy, and commenced 
active life as a clerk in the office of 
the Concord Railroad, under the 
late Joseph A. Gilmore. subsequently 
Governor of New Hampshire. This 
line of work, however, was not to his 
taste, and he shortly purchased an 
interest in the crockery store of S. G. 
Sylvester, with whom he was for some 
time associated in the business, under 
the firm name of Sylvester and East- 

About 1860 he disposed of his inter- 
est in the firm and engaged in busi- 
ness by himself as a bookseller and 
publisher, gradually increasing his 
trade and eventually becoming the 
leading dealer in the state in law pub- 
lications and legal supplies. This 
business brought him into contact 
with members of the legal profession 
throughout the state, with many of 
whom he was on terms of intimacy for 
years, faithfully serving their interests 
and enjoying in return their well- 
earned patronage and kindly regard. 
No man in his day, not himself a 
member of the fraternity, was so well 
known by the lawyers of New Hamp- 
shire generally, or so highly esteemed 
by them, as was Mr. Eastman, whose 
intelligent appreciation, and courteous 
and obliging manner bound all his 
customers as firmly to his interest as 
he was devoted to theirs. 

He was the publisher of Eastman's 
White Mountain Guide, which had a 
great sale for many years, running 
through many editions, and is still an 
authority among mountain tourists. 
He had also been the publisher, for 
many years previous to his death, of 
Leavitt's Farmers' Almanac, a wel- 
come annual visitor to thousands of 
New England firesides. For a num- 
ber of years he conducted a printing 

establishment in connection with his 
publishing business, but had discon- 
tinued the same before moving into 
the quarters which lie had occupied 
in the elegant new building of the New 
Hampshire Savings Bank, since its 
completion in May, 1S87. Previous 
to that date he had occupied other 
locations, always on Main Street, hav- 
ing been burned out. and suffered 
heavy loss, by the disastrous fire of 
Aug. 1, 1S69, which destroyed Mer- 
chants' Block in which he was then 

Never a politician in the ordinary 
sense, Mr. Eastman was always a 
firm believer in the principles and an 
earnest supporter of the policies of 
the Democratic party, and contrib- 
uted generously in time and money 
for the advancement of its cause, sin- 
cerely believing that the welfare of 
the country would best be promoted 
by its success. He served at different 
times upon ward, city and state com- 
mittees, was a frequent delegate in 
the conventions of his party, and was 
often nominated for office by his 
associates, who, ever in a hopeless 
minority, could give him no farther 
or higher token of their confidence. 

He was an early and active pro- 
moter of the famous Eastman Family 
Association, organized in this city, 
whose membership, embracing the 
descendants of Roger Eastman, is 
widely extended, and whose annual 
gatherings have come to be regarded 
as notable historic occasions. He had 
been president of the association, and 
was all along prominently identified 
with its work. He was also an active 
and enthusiastic member of the Ap- 
palachian Mountain Club, participat- 
ing in its excursions, and promoting 
its work with a keen delight, born of 
the intense love for the grand and 
beautiful in nature, by which his 
life was strongly influenced, notwith- 
standing the cares and confinement 
of city business life. No man loved 
the New Hampshire mountains more 
than he, and few were more familiar 
with their rocky heights and forest 

Ed son C. Eastman 


In the history of the state, io whose 
building and development his ances- 
tors had contributed in goodly meas- 
ure, his interest was commensurate 
with that which he manifested in its 
present prosperity and future prog- 
ress. He was among the most active 
members of the Xew Hampshire His- 
torical Society, and served on im- 
portant committees of the organiza- 
tion. He was also a member of the 
Xew Hampshire Society of the Sons 
of the American Revolution. He 
loved his native city, and was ever 
mindful of its interests, heartily, 
but unostentatiously, contributing to 
their promotion by all means at his 
command. He was an active mem- 
ber of the Concord Commercial Club 
■ — now the Board of Trade — from 
its organization, a member of its 
board of directors for many years, 
and for some time chairman, till 
failing strength precluded farther ac- 
tivity in that direction. In early life 
he was actively connected with the 
Concord Fire Department, as a mem- 
ber of the Penacook Hand Engine 
Company, and, at his decease, held 
membership in the Concord Veteran 
Firemen's Association. He held office 
in no corporation, and was connected 
with no secret order or fraternal 
organization; but regarded every man 
as his brother, and was through all 
his life, a living embodiment of the 
ideal of Sam Walter Foss — "a friend 
of man" — quietly, faithfully, unas- 
sumingly doing his duty from clay 

to day, in accordance with his own 
convictions of right and justice, and 
a realizing sense of the obligations 
of society, citizenship and humanity. 
He was, for many years, a member 
of the First Baptist Church of Con- 

Mr. Eastman married, February 
14, 1855, Mary Elizabeth Robinson, 
of East Concord,- who died March 2, 
1884. leaving two children, — a son and 
a daughter. S'eth the son, born No- 
vember 12, 1885, entered the medical 
profession pursuing his studies in the 
Vermont Medical College and the 
New York College of Physicians and 
Surgeons. He was for a time Assist- 
ant Surgeon at the Chambers Street 
Hospital in New York, then a surgeon 
on the Alexander Steamship Line, 
afterward in practice at Danvers, 
Mass., and again in steamship serv- 
ice as surgeon on the Brazilian and 
then the Rotterdam Line; but, him- 
self a victim of pulmonary disease, he 
passed away in New York City, Octo- 
ber 8, 1889. Mary Isabel, the daugh- 
ter, born September 6, 1858, is the 
wife of Robert E. Styll, a native of 
Edge Hill, Va., whom she met while 
a teacher in the South, and with 
whom she was united September 24, 
1890. Their home is in Oklahoma 
City, Okla. They have two children, 
a son and a daughter. 

On November 21, 1888, Mr. East- 
man married Miss Mary Whittemore 
of Bradford, Mass., by whom he is 
also survived. 


By Martha II. Abbott 

From hills of the northland, winding down, 

As blithesome and as free 
As its bright birds, thy waters go, 

To meet the boundless sea. 

Oh, long and lush thy grasses grow, 
As o'er thy banks they lean 

And sweet the whisper of thy pines, 
Robed in eternal green. 

102 The Granite Monthly 

The catkiimed birches fling thee down 

Their gold, ail lavishly, 
And oft the silver maple laves 

Its sweeping boughs in thee. 

By sweet, calm places, alder-fringed, 

Thou fondly lingerest, 
To mirror sun and moon and stars, 

Upon thy tranquil breast. 

Or, if thou art in gayer mood, 
With swirl and flash and spray, 

Thou leapest on, from rock to rock, 
Like some wild thing at play. 

Or, massing all thy mighty strength, 
Adown some rocky steep, 

With deafening roar thy waters go, 
In grand, majestic sweep. 

To go rejoicing in thy strength, 

To be forever free, 
Canst dream of any higher thing, 

To be attained by thee? 

But hark! from town and city's din, 

Again and yet again, 
Resistless and importunate, 

Comes the strong call for men. 

To the work! to the work, Merrimack! 

Give life to shining steel, 
To myriad wheels and flashing belts! 

The spindles turn, and feel 

The ceaseless throb and jar and hurt, 
Far down within thy breast, 

Of ponderous machinery, 
That nevermore may rest! 

From town and city's grime and grind, 
They call thee, Merrimack, 

And the glad freedom of the past, 
May not again come back; 

But thou hast learned the secret 
Of all life's truest worth, 

And, serving, sealed thy kinship, with 
The only great of earth! 





v i 


By Harry Y. Lawrence 

One Sunday afternoon, late in the 
month of February, 1896, the writer 
was seated in the telephone exchange 
located at Exeter, N. PL, when sud- 
denly a call came in over the wire 
from Hampton Beach to get the life- 
savers from Wallis Sands and Straw's 
Point. The telephone operator im- 
mediately connected up with Ports- 
mouth, and the operator in that city 
got the life-saving stations on a pri- 

had swept the road bare of snow in 
many places. At the Exeter House, 
we made a quick change, and took the 
proprietor's b uggy. 

Starting out in the storm once more, 
we drove as fast as we could for the 
next five miles. The snow was falling 
very fast now, and three miles from 
the beach we met the life-savers on 
their way to the wreck. They had 
their surfboat mounted on wheels 

















... .... . - - . r ^'-^ ^ 


.. . ,r 

The Schooner Glendon 

Under the Bow Can be Seen Great Boar's Head 


vate line maintained by the govern- 
ment. Leaving the telephone office 
and getting the proprietor of a local 
hotel to harness up his trotter to a 
two-seated pung was the work of a 
very few minutes, and then we started 
on our ten-mile drive, after inviting 
another man to accompany us to the 
wreck. We had driven about two 
miles when we began to drag on our 
runners, as the strong northeast wind 

and four horses were drawing it at a 
fair speed, although it seemed to be 
rather tough work for the animals. 
We arrived at the beach about thirty 
minutes ahead of the life-savers and 
it seemed as though the "northeaster" 
was trying to blow over the high bluff, 
'•'Great Boar's Head," We immedi- 
ately unharnessed our horse, put him 
in a nearby barn, and then waited for 
the arrival of the surfmen. In a 


The Granite Monthly 

short time they put in an appearance 
and we had the opportunity of watch- 
ing the splendid work of life-saving 
crews at a wreck for the first, and 
probably the last time in our lives. 

A short distance from the shore, a 
large three-masted schooner was drag- 
ging its anchors and slowly but surely 
being driven in upon the jagged rocks 
that lined the coast at this point. 

The northeast wind was getting in 
its deadly work upon this helpless 
vessel. At first we could see the light 
from a lantern on the deck but in a 

the meantime, the unfortunate crew 
aboard this vessel were lashed to the 
rigging, and it was a discouraging 
sight to see brave men so utterly 

By this time, the officials of the 
town of Hampton had sent cordwood 
and oil to make a large fire and after 
chis fire had been burning a short 
time, one could see the oil suits worn 
by the schooner's crew. In a few 
minutes, we heard a sailor calling 
from the wreck, 'Tor God's sake get 
us out a line, we're breaking apart." 


b-l.-' ? . ■ . •• .- .-. ■ 


View of the Stern 

short time this light disappeared, and 
we knew that the crew were having a 
hard time aboard that boat. While 
we had been watching the schooner in 
its struggle with the tempest, the life- 
savers had rigged up their apparatus 
for shooting a line over the wreck. 
They fired several times and got lines 
to the rigging but the crew had taken 
to the "cross-tree" on the main-mast, 
and could not reach these lines from 
their perilous position. In a short 
time, the life-saving captains decided 
to change thair position and try again 
from another section of the beach. In 

The life-savers were now working as 
fast as they could to get a line to these 
discouraged sailors. Shot after shot 
was fired and one of the surfmen 
would pull back the line hoping 
against hope that he would feel an 
answering tug from the wreck. The 
life-savers were beginning to get dis- 
couraged themselves, and they had 
begun to talk about using the surf- 
boat, although it was known that it 
would be an extremely dangerous trip 
to make on such a night. All kinds of 
wreckage was coming ashore and we 
picked up hats, books and even half of 

Wreck of Schooner Glendon 




a life-preserver with the no me Glen- 
don painted on its side. 

Suddenly the surfman nearest the 
water felt a tug on the other end of 
his line and we all knew that the ship- 
wrecked crew had a fair chance to 
reach the shore. When this surfman 
cried out, ''They've got her," a thrill 
went through that little knot of peo- 
ple who were trying to help the brave 
sailors on that vessel. One of the 
surf men with a very powerful voice 
cried out, "Have you got that rope?'' 
Back across that stormy sea came the 
answer, "All right/' It was very 
dark now and some men started up 
the fire again so the life-savers could 
have plenty of light to carry on t he- 
hard work ahead of them. The 
strong "northeaster" was driving the 
waves completely over the decks and 
it was a sad sight to see this vessel 
being ground to pieces on the rocks. 
After a short delay, the sailors on the 
wreck pulled out a larger rope and 
then the big "hawser" with the 
"breeches-buoy" attached was pulled 
out and fastened to the main-mast. 

When all was ready the crowd as- 
sembled on the beach, took a firm grip 
on the big "hawser" as it was not 
necessary to use the "sand-anchor" 
on account of so many men volunteer- 
ing to hold the large rope. The crowd 
of men who had their hands on that 
rope was made up of life-savers, fish- 
ermen, sailors, clam-diggers, hotel pro- 
prietors, town officials and even boys. 
W hen all was ready, one of the surf- 
men started to pull in the "breeches- 
buoy," and when this life-saving 
device came over the rope toward us 
we saw that it contained a sailor and 
just before this man landed on the 

beach he fried out to the life-savers, 
"Hello, boys, great night out." Six 
more trips were made by the 
"breeches -buoy" and each trip 
brought a sailor to the shore. The last 
trip brought the captain, and he was 
in a rather bad condition as he had 
fallen down into the hold of his vessel 



!?% \ 

A Part of the Crew 

earlier in the evening and had to be 
assisted up to the "cross-tree" where 
he hung on with his crew for several 

Note. — The Glendon was a coal-carrying 
schooner and was originally a steamship. 
The U. S. Government has established a life- 
saving station at Hampton Beach and it was 
the wreck of the Glendon that brought about 
the building of this station. 





By Maude Gordon Roby 

When I am far across the sea, 

What is it turns me back to thee, 

Till in my dreams I seem to be 
In Old New Hampshire? 

Is it the little cottage, trim, 

Where once the peaceful evening hymn 
Swelled forth in now forgotten vim, 

In old New Hampshire? 

Is it the lovers, one, two, three, 

Who came this blue-eyed maid to see, 

And filled her heart with estacy, 
In old New Hampshire? 

Is it the girl-bride going out 

From cottage white, with many a shout, 
As rice and slippers flew about, 

In old New Hampshire? 

Is it the hills of granite, bright, 
That glisten in the fair sunlight, 

So stanch and strong for truth and right 
In old New Hampshire? 

Is it the dark pines, straight and tall, 
Whose shadows on Pasquaney fall, 

As in the breeze they softly call, 
In old New Hampshire? 

Is it the breadth of earth and sky, 
The vastness of the dome on high, 

Into whose blue the songs-birds fly 
In old New Hampshire? 

Is it the sunset's gorgeous hue, 

When purple vies with rose, and blue, 

Till Heaven itself seems bursting through, 
In old New Hampshire? 

J Tis all of this and more, I fear, 

That takes me back full many a year. 

Once more I stand, a girl, and cheer 
For old New Hampshire. 


Dear picture that I love the best — 
No one shall take you from my breast 

Till I, at last, am laid at rest 
In old New Hampshire! 


Rev. Stephen Bachiler — First Minister of Hampton 

By Victor C. Sanborn 

(Concluded from last month.) 




" : 


The salt marshes and pleasant 
meadows were well known to New- 
bury men, and our old friend Bachiler 
soon descried in them a fit place to 
establish his little colony, now living 
with him at Newbury. In the autumn 
of 1638 the Massachusetts General 
Court granted the petition of Bachiler 
and his company to settle at Winni- 
cunnet. The Company included the 
adherents of Bachiler, his son-in-law 
and his four grandchildren, — and with 
them were also one or two Norfolk 
men who had settled first in Water- 
town and then in Newbury. The 
court ruled also (perhaps remembering 
past difficulties with Bachiler) that 
John Winthrop, Jr., and Air. Brad- 
street should go with the little band 
of settlers, and no decisive act should 
be done without the affirmation of 
two of these Massachusetts officials. 

A letter from Bachiler to the 
younger Winthrop dated Oct. 9, 1038, 
a still extant, shows that the actual 
date of the trip from Newbury, which 
was made in a shallop, was October 
14th. On this pleasant fall day then, 
the settlement was made, and our 
ancient friend probably felt that in 
this new plantation his remaining 
days would be spent in peace. The 
future looked serene. His adherents 
were united to him, — a pleasant and 
fertile spot had been chosen, and 
one at the farthest Northern end of 
the Massachusetts patent, if not 
indeed really outside its limits. To 
the Yvest lay. Wheelwright and his 
little colony, — farther up the coast 
were the independent settlements 
of Strawberry Bank and Cocheco. 
It looked as though liberty indeed 
lay before him. 

But the true colonizing spirit of 
the Bay did not end with the begin- 
ning of a settlement, — the authorities 
provided the settlers also, and saw to 
it as best they could that the Bay 
influence should predominate. With 
the next spring came a band of Nor- 
folk and Suffolk men to Hampton, 
and with them came Timothy Dalton, 
a relative of Winthrop, and a man 
loyal to the Massachusetts doctrines. 

Dalton was a Cambridge graduate, 
ejected from his Suffolk rectory of 
Woolverstone for non-conformity, 
who had come to New England in 
1635, settling in the Puritan colony 
at Dedham. The Pastor and Teacher 
nominally head of the church and 
assistant, were as far apart as the 
poles. Bachiler, was old, educated, 
controversial, versed in polemical 
discussion, and wedded to his own 
ideas; Dalton was younger, less cul- 
tivated, equally obstinate and deter- 
mined to uphold the tenets of his 
cousin and neighbor, Winthrop. Prob- 
ably dissension began at once: it 
grew and spread like wildfire. Time 
has obliterated nearly all traces of 
the quarrel. The Town Records 
contain no reference to it. The 
Church records have disappeared. 

An occasional gleam flashed out 
until in 16-11 the dissensions at 
Hampton culminate in the sorry 
incident related in Winthrop's Jour- 
nal under date of Nov. 12, 16-11. No 
personal criticism of Stephen Bachiler 
has up to this date been discovered. — 
no breath of scandal has touched his 
character. That he was opposed to 
the arbitrary rule of the Bay oligar- 
chy is unquestioned, but it was left 
to the "reverend, grave and gracious 


The Granite Monthly 

Mr. Dalton" to defame his character 

and blacken his memory by the story 
which Winthrop recites with that 
gusto with which similar incidents, 
real or falsified, were treated by early 
Putitan historians. Winthrop says: 
"Mr. Stephen Batchellor, the pastor 
of the church at Hampton, who hud 
suffered much at the hands of the 
Bishops and having a lusty comely 
woman to his wife, did solicit the 
chastity of his neighbor's wife, who 
acquainted her husband therewith: 
whereupon he was dealt with, but 
denied it as he had told the woman 
he would do, and complained to 
the magistrates against the woman 
and her husband for slandering him. 
The church likewise dealing with him, 
he stiffly denied it, but soon after 
when the Lord's Supper was to be 
administered he did voluntarily con- 
fess the attempt, and that he did 
intend to defile her if she had con- 
sented. The church being moved by 
his full confession and tears silently 
forgave him and communicated 
with him: but after finding how 
scandalous it was they took advice 
of other elders and after long debate 
and much pleading and standing upon 
the church's forgiving and being 
reconciled to him in communicating 
with him after he had confessed it, 
they proceeded to cost him out. 
After this he went on again in "a 
variable course, sometimes seeming 
very penitent, soon after again excus- 
ing himself and casting the blame 
upon others, especially his fellow 
elder Mr. Dalton (who indeed had 
not carried himself in this course so 
well as became him, and was brought 
to see his failing and acknowledged 
it to the elders of the other churches 
who had taken much pains about this 
matter) so he behaved himself to 
the elders when they dealt with him. 
He was off and on for a long time and 
when he had seemed most penitent 
so as the church were ready to have 
received him in again, he would fall 
back again and as it were repent of 
his repentance. In this time his 
house and near all his substance was 

consumed by fire. When he had 
continued excommunicated for near 
two years and much agitation had 
been about the matter and the church 
being divided so as he could not be 
received in, at length the matter was 
referred to some magistrates and 
elders and by their mediation he was 
released of his excomminication but 
not received to his pastor's office. 
Upon occasion of this mediation Mr. 
Wilson, pastor of Boston, wrote this 
letter to him." It is to be regretted 
that the letter is not extant. 

Here then is the story as told by 
Winthrop, with some detail, which 
has for nearly three centuries black- 
ened the memory of our Hampshire 
Puritan. It were bold to discredit 
Winthrop, and yet the tale is stamped 
throughout with improbability. This 
account is all that remains; the court 
records, district or general, contain 
no trace of it: no letters mention the 
case. A careful search discloses 
nothing among the Massachusetts 
archives: church records, local and 
synodical, are blank concerning it. 
No published or manuscript record 
except Winthrop 's give us any facts. 
Bachiler's age, eighty years, discredits 
the story. His life up to this time 
was public, honored and respected. 
The story apparently comes from 
his enemy Dalton, whose literary 
relics afford us nothing, unless we 
may consider a large beciuest to 
Bachiler's grandson Nathaniel as a 
tardy attempt at reparation. 

It is curious to note that on the 
shoulders of Dalton and Hugh Peter 
rests also that slanderous account 
of Knolly's and Larkham's offenses 
against decency, perpetuated in Win- 
throp, but now generally disbelieved. 
It is almost inconceivable that the 
ardent and spiritual Knollys, the 
founder of the Baptist church, could 
have sullied with that filthy and 
indelible stain a life otherwise pure. 
Thomas Larkham's life in England 
is blameless. The fact is that the 
settlements north of the Merrimack 
were looked on by the Bay Puritans 
as reeking with impurity, and any 

An Unforgiven Puritan 



garbled accounts of misconduct there 
were of pleasant savour to the nostrils 
of Massachusetts. 

But let us see what Bachiler and 
his friends and neighbors have to 
say.. Himself writing to Winthrop 
in 1643, says: "I see not how I can 
depart hence" (that is from Hampton, 
to accept one of two calls he had 
received, to Casco and to Exeter), 
"till I have, or God for me, cleared 
and vindicated the cause and wrongs 
I have suffered of the church I yet 
live in; that is, from the Teacher, 
who hath done all and been the 
cause of all the dishonor that hath 
accrued to God, shame to myself, 
and grief to all God's people, by his 
irregular proceedings and abuse of 
the church in his hands, — by the 
major part cleaving to him, being 
his countrymen and acquaintance 
in old England. Whiles my cause, 
though looked slightly into by diverse 
Elders and brethren, could never 
come to a judicial searching forth of 
things, and an impartial trial of his 
allegations and my defense; which, 
if yet they might, I am confident in 
God, upon certain knowledge and 
due proof before yourselves, the 
Teacher's act of his excommunicating 
me (such as I am, to say not more of 
myself), would prove the foulest 
matter, — both for the cause alleged 
of that excommunication, and the 
impulsive cause, — even wrath and 
revenge. Also the manner of all his 
proceeding throughout to the very 
end, and lastly his keeping me still 
under bonds, — and much worse than 
there I may mention for diverse 
causes,— which, to bear on my shoul- 
der in going hence, is so uncomfortable 
that, tho' I can refer it to God's 
revenging hand and wait on him, 
yet then I am taught again that such 
sins endanger the very state of church 
and commonwealth, for neglecting 
of the complaints of the afflicted in 
such a state, wherein Magistrates, 
Elders, and brethren all are in the 
sincerest manner set to find out sin, 
and search into the complaints of the 
poor, — not knowing father nor mother, 

church nor Elder. In such a State, I 
say, — in such a wine-cellar to find such 
a cockatrice, and not to kill him, — 
to have such monstrous proceedings 
passed over, without due justice, — 
this again stirs up my spirit to seek 
for a writ ad melius inquirendum. 
Towards which the enclosed letter 
tendeth, as you may perceive. Yet 
if your wisdoms shall judge it more 
safe and reasonable to refer all my 
wrongs (conceived) to God's own 
judgment, I bless the Lord for his 
grace, if I know mine own heart 
herein, I can submit myself to be 
overruled by you. To conclude, — ■ 
if the Apostle's words be objected, 
that this is thanksworthy, that a man 
for conscience's sake shall endure 
grief, suffering wrongfully, — and 
therefore I ought in this aforesaid 
cause of mine to endure the grief 
thereof, in whatsoever I suffer wrong- 
fully, without seeking redress or 
justice against the offender, — I pro- 
fess it was more absolutely necessary 
so to suffer, when the church had no 
civil power to seek unto, than in 
such a land of righteousness as our 
New England is. " 

So far as we know, Bachiler's son- 
in-law Hussey, and his grandchildren, 
who were by this time prominent 
among the younger Hampton Set- 
tlers, stood by the slandered patriarch. 
While the turmoil was at its height, 
Bachiler was chosen as arbitrator in 
the important land suit of Cleeve vs. 
Winter. His award was adverse to 
to Winter, but the Rev. Robert Jordan 
writing to his father-in-law Winter in 
July, 1G42, says: "Mr. Stephen Bach- 
iler, the pastor of a church in the 
Massachusetts Bay, was, I must say, 
a grave, reverend, and a good man; 
but whether more inclined to justice 
or mercy, or whether carried aside 
by secret insinuations, I must refer to 
your own judgment. Sure 1 am that 
Cleeve is well nigh able to disable 
the wisest brain." 

When the five 3 r ears' struggle at 
Hampton was over, and the Bachiler 
party defeated, the ancient Puritan 
minister decided to leave Hampton, 


The Granite Monthly 

and cast about in his mind where to 
settle. By this time Massachusetts 
had strengthened its lines and had 
reached out to the Piscataqua settle- 
ments to take them into its fold. 
One by one Strawberry Bank. Dover 
and Exeter joined the Bay Colony. 
Wheelwright, the punished heretic, 
had withdrawn into Maine, and Exe- 
ter was without a pastor. The Maine 
settlements were free from the rule 
of the Bay, since Alexander Rigby, 
one of Cromwell's commanders, had 
bought the Plough Patent from Bach- 
iler's Company of Husbandmen, was 
actively at war with the Gorges heirs 
over his title, and yet was opposed to 
the arbitrary encroachments of Win- 
throp's colony. 

Both Exeter and Rigby 's Settlement 
sought to secure Bachilcr for their 
pastor. Both were neighboring plan- 
tations to Hampton, and must have 
heard of the Hampton slander. Ap- 
parently they disbelieved it and 
certainly they invited him to settle 
with them. In February, 1644, Bach- 
iler laid the matter before the church 
at Boston and the eiders apparently 
advised him merely to remove from 
Hampton, leaving him to decide be- 
tween the two calls. In May he 
decided to accept the call to Exeter, 
and wrote to Winthrop as an old 
friend to acquaint him with the deci- 
sion, asking him to urge "his brother 
Wilson" to attend the ordination at 
Exeter, and "make it a progresse of 
recreation to see his oulcl friend and 
this to do me this laste service save 
to my burial!." 

But the -Boston elders, having 
apparently advised somewhat against 
Ins removing to Casco, now looked 
with dismay at his gathering a church 
at Exeter, which the Bay authorities 
now claimed lay within their patent. 
The General Court held at Boston 
May 29, 1644, passed this order: 

"Whereas it appears to this Court 
that some of the inhabitants of Exeter 
do intend shortly to gather a church 
and call Mr. Bachiler to be their 
minister: and forasmuch as the divi- 
sions there are judged by this court 

to be such as for the present they 
cannot comfortably proceed in such 
weighty and sacred affairs, it is there- 
fore ordered that direction shall be 
sent to defer the gathering of a church 
or any such proceeding until this 
court or the Court at Ipswich, upon 
further satisfaction of their reconcil- 
iation and fitness, shall give allowance 

Winthrop's Journal mentioning this 
order adds, — "And besides Mr. Batch- 
ellor had been in three places before, 
and through his means, as was sup- 
posed, the churches fell to such divi- 
sions as no peace could be still he was 

The call to Casco declined, and the 
gathering of a church at Exeter being 
forbidden, our stout old Master Bach- 
iler was now quite adrift. In 1644 
he was forced to sell his great farm 
at Hampton, and moved soon after 
to Strawberry Bank, where he lived 
for some years, preaching to the god- 
less fishermen of that seaside parish. 
With him went his godchild and 
grandson, Stephen Samborne, and 
they settled on the Kittery side of 
the Piscataqua. At this time, Rich- 
ard Gibson's Anglican church estab- 
lishment having been disrupted, and 
James Parker, that "Godly man and 
scholar" having gone to the Barbadoes, 
the missionary at Strawberry Bank 
had also the cure of souls in the Ham- 
let of Kittery and the fishing settle- 
ments of the Isles of Shoals. Here 
dwelt a type of men different from 
the devout colony of Hampton and 
of Exeter, — a rude, lawless race of 
deep sea fishermen, often also deep 
drinkers and roisterers. Jenness in 
his "Isles of Shoals" gives us graphic 
pictures of their lives, — as for instance 
the court record in the case of John 
Andrews, husband of a local termagant 
who sought consolation in the wine 
cup and was convented therefor, he 
"swearing by the blood of Christ that 
he was above ye heavens and ye stars, 
at which time (the record ingenuously 
comments) ye said Andrews did seem 
to have drunk too much, and did at 

An U11J 'or given Puritan 




that time call the witnesses Doggs, 
toads, and foule birds." 

In April, 1647, Baehiler gave to the 
four grandchildren he had brought 
to New England what remained of 
his Hampton property. He peti- 
tioned the General Court in 1645 for 
some allowance for his six years' 
pastorate at Hampton, but was 
referred to the district court. While 
his case was pending he wrote from 
Strawberry Bank to Winthrop in 
.May, 1647 — 

"I can shew a letter of your Wor- 
ship's occasioned by some letters of 
mine, craving some help from you in 
some cases of oppression under which 
I lay, — and still do, — wherein also 
you were pleased to take notice of 
those oppressions and wrongs; that 
in case the Lord should give, or open 
a door of, opportunity, you would 
be ready to do me all the lawful right 
and Christian service that any cause 
of mine might require. Which time 
all being, in my conceit, near at hand, 
that I would humbly crave is this, — 
to read this inclosed letter to my two 
beloved and reverend brothers, your 
Elders (Cotton and Wilson), and in 
them to the whole Synod. Wherein 
you shall fully know my distressed 
cose and condition; and so, as you 
shall see cause, to join with them 
in counsel, what best to do for my 

"It is no news to certify you 
that God hath taken from me my 
dear helper and yokefellow. And 
whereas, by approbation of the whole 
plantation of Strawberry Bank, they 
have assigned, an honest neighbor, 
(a widow) to have some eye and care 
towards my family, for washing, 
baking, and other such common ser- 
vices,- — it is a world of woes to think 
what rumors detracting spirits raise 
up, that I am married to her, or cer- 
tainly shall be; and cast on her such 
aspersions without ground or proof, 
that l-.<8ee:*)BGt how possibly I shall 
subsist in the place, to do them that 
service from which, otherwise they 
cannot endure to hear I shall depart, 
ihe Lord direct and guide us jointly 

and singularly in all things, to his 
glory and our rejoicing in the day 
and at the appearing of our Lord Jesus 
Christ! And so, with my humble 
service to your worship, your blessed 
and beloved yokefellow, (mine ancient 
true friend) with blessing on you both, 
yours and all the people of God with 
you, I. end and rest your Worship's 
in the Lord to commend." 

But "whether at Naushapur or 
Babylon" whether at Saugus, Hamp- 
ton or Strawberry Bank, peace in 
New England was not to be found by 
Master Baehiler. 

His third venture in the matri- 
monial lottery was this honest neigh- 
bor "Mary surnamed Magdalene" 
the widow of an' obscure seaman 
named Beetle, whose adultery with 
a local rascal, George Rogers, was 
soon detected. Rogers was a rene- 
gade seaman or servant of Trelawney, 
who had settled at Kittery, across 
the river from Strawberry Bank. This 
ignominious Lotharian adventure with 
Mary Baehiler was punished in March 
1651, by the court at York, which 
sentenced him to be flogged, and the 
erring wife, after her approaching 
delivery, to be whipped and branded 
with the letter "A/ 5 the "Scarlet 
Letter" of Hawthorne's romance. 

But before the York court had 
passed its sentence, Baehiler had 
doubtless discovered the true nature 
of this obscure Thais, and probabh' 
left her and returned to Hampton, 
applying for a divorce. The district 
court at Salisbury on April 9, 1650, 
gave him a judgment against the 
town of Hampton for £40, "wages 
detained" and at the same session 
fined him £10 for not publishing his 
marriage according to law. It then 
entered the following atrocious order: 

"That Mr. Bachelor and his wife 
shall live together as man and wife, 
as in this court they have publicly 
professed to do; and if either desert 
one another, then hereby the court 
cloth order that the marshal! shall 
apprehend both the said Mr. Batch- 
elor and Mary, his wife, and bring 
them forthwith to Boston, there to 


The Granite Monthly 

be kept till the next Quarter Court 
of Assistants, that farther consider- 
ation thereof may be had, both of 
them moving for a divorce : Provided 
notwithstanding, that if they put in 
50 pounds each of them, for their 
appearance, that then they shall be 
under their bail to appear at the next 
court; and in case Mary Batchellor 
shall live out of the jurisdiction, 
without mutual consent for a time, 
then the clerk shall give notice to 
the magistrate at Boston of her 
absence, that further order may be 
taken therein." 

By October, 1G50 (the next term 
of court) when the Maine Court 
presented Rogers and Mary Batch- 
ellor for adultery, the local justices 
had probably learned the actual 
offense and remitted half the fine 
imposed in April. Perhaps they ig- 
nored the incomprehensible order re- 
ferred to, for we hear no more of it : 
but life in New England had become 
impossible for the venerable Puritan. 
Old England seemed a sure haven. 
There Cromwell and the Parliament 
had overthrown his ancient foes, the 
bishops, and there he had grand- 
children living in comfort. Some- 
time in 1654, accompanied by one 
grandson and his . family he sailed 
from New England, the Arcadia of 
his hopes, to England, the land of 
his earliest struggles. His last act 
on leaving America was to turn over 
what remained of his property to 
Christopher Hussey and his wife ''in 
consideration that the said Hussey 
had little or nothing from him with 
his daughter as also that the said son 
.Hussey and his wife had been helpful 
unto him both formerly and in fitting 
him for his voyage." This kindly act 
is the last that we have of authentic 
record concerning Bachiler, who it 
may be hoped returned to prosperous 
and friendly kindred in old England 
to linger out his last years. 

The graceless Mary Bachiler was 
sentenced by the Maine courts for 
sexual irregularities in 1651, 1652 and 
1654, and lived to cast one more 
slander at her aged and deceived 

victim. She petitioned the Massa- 
chusetts General Court in 1656, 
stating — 

''Whereas, your petitioner having 
formerly liveu 1 with Mr. Stephen 
Bachiler in this Colony as his lawful 
wife (and not unknown to divers of 
you, as I conceive), and the said Mr. 
Bachiler, upon some pretended ends 
of his own, has transported himself 
into old England, for many years 
since, and betaken himself to another 
wife, as your petitioner hath often 
been credibly informed, and there 
continues; whereby your petitioner 
is left destitute not only of a guide 
to herself and her children, but also 
made incapable of disposing herself 
in the way of marriage to any other 
without a lawful permission. . . . 
And were she free of her engagement 
to Mr. Bachiler, might probably so 
dispose of herself as that she might 
obtain a meet helper to assist her to 
procure such means for her livelihood, 
and the recovery of her children's 
health, as might keep them from 
perishing, — which your petitioner to 
her great grief, is much afraid of, if 
not timely prevented." 

This allegation rests on her unsup- 
ported and discredited statement, and 
may be taken as an utter falsehood. 
A Dover court record of March 26, 
1673, seems to indicate that the 
daughter of Mary Bachiler, (born in 
coverture and therefore legally the 
daughter of our Hampshire parson 
though undoubtedly disowned by him, 
attempted to secure some part of 
Bachiler's estate. Her husband, Wil- 
liam Richards, was given power of 
administration to the estate of "Mr. 
Steven Patchelor dee'd," being also 
prudently enjoined to bring in an 
inventory thereof to the next court 
and to put up "sufficient security to 
respond ye estate any 3-e may make 
better claim unto it." As no further 
record exists of this matter, we may 
conclude this "fishing expedition" re- 
sulted in nothing. Tradition states 
that the ancient Hampshire parson 
died in England in 1660, having 
rounded out a century, and that the 

An Unforgiven Puritan 



last six years of his life were spent in 

tranquillity with prosperous descend- 
ants in England. The statement that 
he died in Hackney near London 
rests, I think, on a letter to Increase 
Mather from. William Hooke, who 
speaks of the death there of a Mr. 
Bachiler, a preacher, but I think 
refers to John Bachiler, the licenser 
of publications mentioned in Edward's 

Whether or not the facts as to 
Bachiler's life in old and New Eng- 
land will ever be exactly known, it is 
difficult to state. New manuscripts 
are constantly coming to light both in 
England and America, and it would 
be a welcome task to clear away 
authoritatively the opprobrium which 
has long rested on his memory. 

The statements of Winthrop's Jour- 
nal are so diametrically opposed to 
what we know elsewhere of Bachiler's 
life, his spirit and his character that, 
judged by the laws of evidence, his 
memory may be said to have been 
cleared. Bachiler's mind, as shown 
by the scanty light of other contem- 
porary records, shows cultivation in 

excess of many of his contemporaries, 
and his few remaining letters evince 
a gentleness and a courtesy quite at 
variance with the account given by 

Two portraits are offered of him. 
In one, you may see an erring and 
disgraced old man, hunted from place 
to place by his own mistakes, fleeing 
from England to America and finally 
hiding in England from the results 
of his senile misconduct. I prefer to 
see in the other a high-minded but 
unsuccessful patriarch, with the defect 
of his Ciualities, at variance with 
the narrow and doomed intent of the 
Bay oligarchs, spending his life in 
the vain search for religious freedom 
and rebelling at the limitations and 
prescriptions which time was to show 
were impossible in a free and grad- 
ually enlightened democracy. Driven 
from place to place by the autocracy 
first of the English church and then 
of the Winthrop colony, at last he 
saw triumphant the principles of 
social and religious enfranchisement 
for which he spent his life, his means 
and his best ambitions. 

Note. — This paper wns read before the N. H. Historical Society, April 14,1909, by Frank B. Sanborn of Con- 
cord, Mass., father of the author. 


By Stewart Everett Rowe 

W T hen Death toward us is speeding sure and fast, 
And earthly life for us has almost flown, 
When we shall soon have solved The Great Unknown, 

'Tis then we'll think and ponder on the past. 

And we shall think, not of this world so vast, 
With all its glories that we fought to gain, 
But of the friend who through both sun and rain 

W^as loyal unto us until the last. 

For, after all, throughout this world so wide, 
Wher'er by chance our footsteps we may wend, 

'Mid things that are, or things that may have died, 
Yes, o'er and through this earth from end to end, 

We'll find that when with joy or grief we've cried, 
In all the world there's nothing like a friend. 



By Henry Jacob Krier 

Wanted. A competent chauffeur to go 
on an extended trip. One accustomed to 
water preferred, Highest references required. 
Address by letter only. Rufus Sharp e, Black 


While scanning the want pages 'of 
the morning paper, Saunders, noticing 
the above advertisement, whistled 
softly. "Sharpe, Black Grove;" he 
read, weighing the names carefully. 
"I wonder if they are the Sharpens 
Becky knows." 

Taking a letter from the table he 
glanced over the following paragraph: 
"Alice Sharpe who lives at Black 
Grove is my roommate, here at the 
seminary. She is perfectly lovely and 
I wish you could meet her. Of course 
I can't help but sing your praises and 
she laughingly declares herself to be 
more than half in love with you, and 
dares not risk a meeting. I regret not 
having your photograph to show her; 
but as she leaves today for the summer 
months, you can look her up if you 
remain in that vicinity." 

Laying his sister's letter on the 
table he lighted a very black pipe and 
proceeded to analyze the ad. "What 
a jolly way to spend the summer," 
he soliloquized, after deciding that he 
was equal to the requirements. "Be- 
sides," he continued seriously, "I 
could save enough to keep Becky at 
the seminary until she finished, in- 
stead of waiting for our affairs to be 
settled. But where are my references 
to come from?" 

"I have it!" he exclaimed, going to 
the telephone and calling 1081. 

"Hello, who is this?— Kindly 
ask Mr. Higlcy to step to the 'phone." 

"Hello old man — this is Saunders; 
will do you me a favor?" 

"Yes, a favor. You remarked once 
that I would pilot an automobile into 
Hades if one but expressed a desire to 
visit that place. Well, this is what 1 
want you to do for me; should anyone 

ask you about my ability to look after 
an automobile, lay it on thick. I'll 
explain the first time we meet; and in 
the meantime you are to assure all 
who ask, that Bob 'Sunders,' not 
Saunders, mind you, is a crack chauf- 
feur. Can I rely upon you? 

"Thanks old boy. Yes, that's true, 
but it isn't safe to give you the par- 
ticulars over the 'phone. Good bye." 

Going to the desk he prepared a 
carefully worded application, which 
he laid aside, reflecting that during 
her intimacy with his sister, Miss 
Sharpe had possibly become familiar 
with his writing, and acting upon this 
reflection he rewrote the note in a 
slightly altered hand. 

Miss Alice Sharpe was dozing in 
the depth of a great chair trying to 
forget the fatigue of her recent jour- 
ney, when the telephone bell gave 
forth an imperious call. Rousing her- 
self with an effort, she crossed the 
room and placed the receiver to her 
pretty ear. 

"Hello old man," said a pleasant 
bass voice, "this is Saunders; will you 
do me a favor?" 

"Hello, that you Bob?" answered a 
gruff though not unkindly voice and 
you want Old Higley to do you a 
favor, eh." 

Realizing that the wires were 
crossed, she was about to replace the 
receiver when the words "Saunders" 
and "Bob" arrested her attention. 

"Saunders," she thought. "Why 
that is Becky's name; perhaps this is 
Becky's Bob." 

"Yes, a favor," continued the 
pleasant voice, "you remarked once 
that I would pilot an automobile into 
Hades if one but expressed a desire to 
visit that place. Well, this is what I 
want you to do for me; should anyone 
ask you about my ability to look after 
an automobile, lay it on thick. I'll 
explain the next time we meet and 

For Becky's Sake 


in the meantime you are to assure all 
who ask, that Bob 'Sunders/ not 
Saunders, mind you, is a crack chauf- 
feur. Can I rely upon you?'' 

"Certainly/' came from Higley's 
end, "but what lark are you up to now? 
I could work better if I knew more of 
the details. There isn't a woman in 
it, is there?" 

Losing interest, she replaced the 
receiver and sought the comforts of 
her favorite chair. But as she slum- 
bered quietly a mellow voice repeated, 
"This is Saunders/' followed by the 
gruff interrogative, "That you Bob?" 

Miss Sharpe tripped lightly down to 
breakfast the following morning, to 
dine and chat with her father before 
he - departed for the city. Rufus 
Sharpe, although termed hard and 
cynical by his colleagues, loved and 
was ruled by his pretty daughter; and 
he frequently remarked that she 
ruled him as she would a fretful child. 
He was busily engaged with a pile of 
letters as she entered, an unusual oc- 
currence at Black Grove, and caused 
her to exclaim, "Why papa, where 
did all those letters come from!" 

"They are answers to an advertise- 

"An advertisement for what?' 


"Oh, I had forgotten. Is it neces- 
sary to have one of those odious 
creatures with us when we take our 
vacation? George says they never do 
anything but act hateful." 

"George is a blockhead," asserted 
her father testily. "A bit of effemin- 
ancy in the wrong package." 

Alice hastened to direct the conver- 
sation to a smoother channel by ask- 
ing, "Have you any suitable applica- 

"Yes," he answered, "there are 
several but this one seems to be the 
most likely/' tossing a letter across 
the table as she touched the bell. 

She started to read the letter with 
scant interest, feeling that the neces- 
sity of an evil left little to choose be- 
tween one autocrat or another. "Who 
»s Mr. Edward Higiey," she suddenly 

asked, tingling with suppressed amuse- 
ment . 

"Higiey is a gruff old fellow who 
occasionally turns things topsy-turvy 
in the Street and has the reputation 
of being honest." 

Returning her attention to the 
letter, which in her opinion bore the 
ear marks of a cleverly planned lark, 
she resolved that this aspirant for 
chauffeur honors should have the place 
and be taught a lesson that he would 
not soon forget. Her dear Becky was 
without doubt the innocent cause of 
the conversation over the telephone 
between Mr. Higiey and the writer of 
the note she had before her, signed 
"Bob Sunders," having aroused the 
curiosity of the latter. Well, he was 
likely to find it rough sailing. 

"Is he satisfactory?" asked her 
father as she turned to the waiting 
breakfast, "if so I will drop him a line 
from the office." 

"He appears to be straightforward," 
she answered, "and it will do no harm 
to give him a trial." 

Sunders, alias Saunders, alias 
Becky's Bob, was greatly elated when 
he received a brief note from Mr. 
Sharpe, requesting him to call be- 
tween five and six that afternoon. 
This was welcome news and he set 
about making preparations, feeling 
that the interview would be successful. 

Clean shaven and clad in a rough- 
looking suit he boarded the four- 
thirty car for Black Grove, feeling 
decidedly nervous. This nervousness 
increased with rapid strides as the 
miles went fleeting by, but pulling 
himself together as best he could be- 
fore the journey ended, a nervously 
born determination finally landed him 
at the great door of the Sharpe man- 

He fumbled for his card case as a 
comely maid answered the not over- 
confident summons, but recollecting 
his assumed character, said pleasantly, 
"I would like to see Mr. Sharpe, 
please; he asked me to call between 
five and six." 

"Oh, yes, this way please," returned 
the maid, who had her orders, "Mr. 


The Granite Monthly 

Sharpe will be here shortly and you're 

to wait. Just leave your hat on the 
hall tree," ushering Saunders into 
the library and leaving him to his own 

Dropping into a chair near the 
table he selected a magazine but did 
not read, passing the time by aim- 
lessly turning the leaves. 

A faint rustle caused him to cast a 
furtive glance toward the door. 
"Becky's Miss Sharpe," was the 
thought that swiftly formed, as he 
beheld a thoroughly self-possessed 
young lady of about twenty-two, fa- 
voring him with a haughty stare of 

"Becky's Bob," commented the 
imperious beauty, aside. ''Not thrill- 
ingly handsome." 

"Mr. Sunders, I presume," came 
floating toward Bob, icily. 

"At your service, Miss," he answered 
with some hesitancy. 

"Papa is late but we expect him 
any moment. You will find some 
magazines on the table," she added, 
affecting not to notice that he held 
one in his hand. 

"Yes, Miss — thank you," he stam- 
mered weakly as she withdrew. 

Although the weather was cool, the 
perspiration gathered on Bob's fore- 
head; a condition that belied his 
muttered soliloquy, "Being buried 
in a snow-drift would be fun, com- 
pared with that icy imperiousness." 

Mr. Sharpe arrived soon after, and 
several minutes before six o'clock, 
Saunders was duly installed as chauf- 
feur at twenty-five per week and quar- 
ters in the servant's hall. 

Heretofore, Sharpe had handled 
the machine, but Miss Alice and a 
party of girl friends were infatuated 
with the idea of a novel overland 
summer trip to several secluded re- 
sorts; an undertaking that made a 
chauffeur necessary. 

The new man was astir at an early 
hour, eager to inspect his new charge. 

An involuntary exclamation of ad- 
miration escaped him as the door 
swung back, revealing a powerful 
touring car resting rakishly in its 

berth. Being a natural lover of fine 
machinery he examined it with pride, 
attending to its wants with an expe- 
rienced hand. 

It was nearly nine when he swung 
the great machine gracefully to the 
stoop, ready for the trial, feeling both 
glad and sorry when he saw that Miss 
Sharpe was to accompany her father, 
and sincerely hoped that she would 
refrain from stabbing him with con- 
gealed indifference while he was oc- 
cupied with the throbbing monster, 
pulsating like a thing of life, directly 

"You may start," said Sharpe, and 
Bob applied the power. 

Away they sped with a graceful, 
rhyming motion that quickened the 
pulse and imparted an ecstatic sensa- 
tion of unbounded freedom. Miss 
Alice, forgetful for the moment, leaned 
slightly forward the better to observe 
the masterful movements of the newly 
installed chauffeur, so gracefully did he 
bend the machine to his will. 

Full}' a week went by before every- 
thing was in readiness for the ex- 
tended outing, and in the meantime 
Saunders had found time to run into 
town and make arrangements with 
his landlady, and to purchase a few 
articles, needful to a chauffeur. He 
had also learned from the maid, who 
regarded him with favor, that there 
were four ladies in the party besides 
Miss Sharpe : the Misses Brown, Miss 
Barker and Mrs. Sidney who posed 
as chaperon. 

Alice had apparently ceased to be 
aware of his existence until the day 
before the start was made. "We wish 
to get an early start," she said, with 
an odd little smile. "Can you arrange 

"Yes, Miss, I will be ready at day- 
light," he answered respectfully. 

"Very well, thank you." 

With this she turned, and as his 
eyes followed her to the house he was 
conscious of a curious mixture of feel- 
ings. "Woman is Nature's surgeon," 
he said thoughtfully. "She pierces 
our vitals, that she may salve the 
wound with a smile." 

For Becky's Sake 



The start was made under the most 
favorable circumstances. The morn- 
ing was ideal and everyone was ex- 
ceptionally prompt. Mrs. Sidney, a 
rather portly widow of uncertain 
years, was assigned to occupy the seat 
with Bob, who had hoped for some- 
thing better. 

The young ladies chatted gaily as 
the auto bowled along with no attempt 
at speed, stopping now and then to 
deck it with wild flowers and branches. 

Becoming disgusted with the public 
room of a small inn, where they had 
stopped for the night, Saunders, think- 
ing the party safely in bed, withdrew 
to the cool though modest sitting- 
room and lighted his pipe. He was 
soon wafted to the smokers' Heaven 
and failed to notice Miss Sharpe 
e3nng him disdainfully from the door- 

Seeking relief from her chattering 
friends she had seized a magazine and 
fled; only to meet a greater disad- 
vantage. "He doesn't look very con- 
science stricken," she thought, noting 
the thorough relaxation of his posture. 
"No doubt he considers the whole 
affair a huge joke." 

Alice was sorely tempted to call 
him to account. Why not! It was 
now too late for him to withdraw, and 
the punishment would be the greater. 
"Pray do not leave on my account, 
Mr. Saunders," she said quietly as he 
arose, sinking into a chair near the 

Bob eyed her keenly. "Saunders." 
Instantly the cause of her icy behavior 
appeared to him in letters of fire. He 
was caught! 

"Yes, Mr. Saunders," she continued, 
"I am fully aware of the fact that you 
arc sailing under false colors. Quite 
a gentlemanly proceeding to be 

Saunders was on the verge of chok- 
ing. "How — ?" He managed to 
gasp, too honest to attempt denial. 

''No matter how." She interrupted 
in a tone that made him wince. "Suf- 
fice it that I know." 

"May I explain?" humbly. 

"Explain!" she exclaimed, passion- 

ately, tapping a well-shod foot. 
"To lend ear to your excuses would 
accord greater honor than you merit." 

Just how the crushed object of this 
last bitterness escaped from the sit- 
ting room and found his own was 
never fully remembered. "Oh, what 
a gay deceiver I am!" He groaned 
with self-scathing sarcasm, kicking 
off his shoes and sucking greedily at 
the unlit pipe. He realized that she 
had withheld her denouncement until 
gentlemanh' retreat was cut off, and 
that he must either face the music or 
add dishonor to imprudence. 

When the company trooped out to 
the waiting automobile the following 
morning, the chauffeur looked so de- 
jected that Alice was touched and 
had not the heart to add thereto. Pie 
is not entirely devoid of honor, she 
thought; otherwise he would have 
taken himself off during the night. 

Bob felt her approach and dili- 
gently examined the controller. "Mr. 
Sunders, I would like to be a chauffeur. 
Do you think I could learn? It 
must be a delightful occupation." 

He looked up quickly. She was 
standing quite close and he searched 
the pretty, half serious face for a 
deeper meaning. Had she fears that 
he might decamp! 

"You might, Miss," he answered 
evenly. "It isn't difficult." 

She listened attentively as he ex- 
plained the main points, though not 
failing to mark his strained bearing or 
the momentary confusion when his 
hand accidently touched her own. 

As the day wore on, the breach nar- 
rowed and Saunders found himself 
smiling at her pretty awkwardness as 
she steered the machine clear of ob- 
stacles, venting little shrieks of excite- 
ment. Later, when she bruised her 
finger by an unguarded movement, he 
longed to kiss it until the throbbing 

"You had better go slow, Miss," 
cautioned Bob, who had been on the 
lookout with one eye, while watching 
his fair companion with the other. 
"There is something wrong up the 


The Granite Monthly 

The thought of impending danger 
caused Miss Sharpe to give the con- 
troller a tug. The automobile bounded 
forward, snarling like a frenzied 
thing of life in its effort to spurn the 

None too quickly did a strong 
brown hand shoot forward to stem the 
flowing tide of motion, as its mate 
jammed the brake hard down, bring- 
ing the swaying mass to a halt on the 
very edge of a yawning culvert. 

"That was neor to it/' remarked 
Bob grimly, staring at the wrecked 


You are crushing me!" gasped 
Alice. "Please move." 

He started up, framing an apology, 
noticing for the first time that she 
was pinioned against the edge of the 
seat. "Have I hurt you?" he asked 
almost tenderly. 

"A little," she admitted tremul- 
ously, "but I deserved it." 

He did not trust his thoughts to 
further utterance but did what he 
could to pacify the frightened girls, 
and to restore Mrs. Sidney, who had 
collapsed under the strain, bringing 
cool water from the branch to bathe 
her forehead. 

"Will you help me?" appealed Miss 
Sharpe to Saunders, who was rue- 
fully eying the hole in the road. "My 
nerves seem to be shattered." 

Her face came close to his as he 
assisted her to alight. "Thank you," 
she said simply, all haughtiness hav- 
ing fled, as she leaned weakly against 
the carriage. 

"How will we ever get across?" 
asked Georgie Brown, looking into 
the four-foot of space. 

"We might lift it over," earnestly 
suggested the diminutive Miss Barker. 

"This is no time to stand by with 
gaping indecision," rebuked Mrs. Sid- 
ney, whose recent shock had left her 
in no amicable mood. "Any of the 
farm houses we have passed will ac- 
commodate us for the night." 

"Had Mr. Sunders been less deci- 
sive, we would have fared badly," 
interposed' Miss Sharpe reprovingly. 
Turning to Bob who shot her a grate- 

ful look. "Do you think we can get 
over? Our apartments have been 
secured at F airland." 

"We can try," he answered, looking 

Leaping the fence he made his way 
to the railroad, which lay some two 
hundred yards to the right, and pres- 
ently returned, staggering under the 
weight of a heavy tie. This he leaned 
against the outer side of the fence and 
returned for another, muttering male- 
dictions on traction engines and 
threshers, in general. 

After a considerable period he re- 
appeared with a second tie and 
breathlessly announced that no more 
were to be found. 

"Well I don't see how we are to get 
across with those," pouted the 
younger Miss Brown. 

Saunders mopped the perspiration 
from his streaming forehead as he 
rested astride of the fence. "A train 
runs on two rails," he answered sulk- 
ily, "Why can't an automobile?" 

After placing the ties across the 
culvert, in line with the wheels he 
builfc an approach at each end with 
loose earth and bits of wreckage, 

"'The bridge is ready," he finally 
volunteered, washing his grimy hands 
in the stream. Standing on one tie, 
he assisted the ladies across the other 
with considerable more courteous- 
ness than the average chauffeur is 
given credit for. 

"Do be careful," called Alice as he 
clambered aboard. 

Bob nodded as he backed off a few 
feet and then came forward. The 
machine mounted the approach slowly 
but surely, and was scon safely on the 
other side surrounded by the applaud- 
ing ladies. 

"How very simple," remarked the 
younger Miss Brown to her sister. 

Dusk was at hand and Saunders, 
leaving the party to scramble to their 
places unaided, lighted a small lantern 
and secured it over the hole. "We 
can get another at the first town," he 
said, adjusting the headlight. 

Darkness had fallen before they 
reached the outskirts of Fairiand, and 

For Becky's Sake 




ISliss Sharpe, who was sitting con- 
fidingly close to Saunders, moved 
uneasily, unconsciously resting her 
soft hand for a fleeting moment 
against his arm. 

At the end of the second week. Bob 
was forced to admit that conditions 
were rapidly approaching the unbear- 
able. For ^several days after the 
incident beyond Fairland, Miss Sharpe 
had been very considerate and he 
correspondingly happy, boating or 
golfing with her as the opportunity 
offered. But this taste of bliss, which 
bade fair to produce complications, 
was followed by a bitter reaction when 
that young lady entrenched herself 
behind a solid wall of imperiousness. 

Mooning on a small bench near the 
lake, he tenderly recalled her kindness 
at Fairland, and in fancy the white 
hand still rested against his sleeve, 
holding him prisoner. 

"If I had the moral courage to run 
away," he thought, "all might be 
well. But that is not to be thought 
of. Why couldn't she have consented 
to my leaving when I asked her yester- 
day," he continued aloud, "instead 
of insisting that I fulfill the contract 
to the last dot!" 

A slight rustle disturbed the dismal 
reflections, and the fragrance of effem- 
inancy greeted his nostrils, as he 
turned with quickening pulse. 

"Oh, it is you!" began Miss Sharpe, 
somewhat confused. 

"None other," replied he, with 
flippancy born of dejection. 

Alice frowned. "For Becky's sake, 
who thinks of vou as one but little 

removed from perfection, I have 
sought to excuse your position — and 
you reward me with ungentlemanly 

"Forgive me," pleaded the other, 
touched with her earnestness. "I 
have been imprudent, I grant, and at 
times ungentlemanly, but never dis- 
honorable. It is difficult," he con- 
tinued, "to humbly act the part of 
gentleman, when your every action 
proclaims me otherwise." 

He was standing, gazing fixedly at 
the moonlit ripples, ill in body and 

"How ill you look," she said, half 
tenderly, putting reserve aside and 
coming quite close. "You had better 
go in; the night air will do you no 
good after the drenching you re- 
ceived yesterday. You should have 
kept your coat instead of forcing it 
over my shoulders." 

"I do feel a bit shaky," he admitted, 
"but that is no fault of yours. You 
fought nobly to escape such protec- 
tion as I could afford." 

"You were very rough," she re- 
minded demurety, her heart fluttering 
joyously as she recalled the tender, 
forceful pressure of his arms. 

"I'm sorry." 

"You need not be," coyly. "I liked 
it for Becky's sake." 

"Why — ?" he stammered as a hand 
stole into his. 

"Because," she answered, causing 
him to stoop and kiss her, '''your 
masterfulness told me that some day, 
Beckv would be mv sister." 




By Lucy Mayo Warner 

All the west glowed with the sunset, 

Purple, red and gold, 
Lighting up a gloomy fortress, 

Ivy grown and old. 
And the castle, in its ruin, 

Towers grand and proud. 
Even while the clinging ivy 

Weaves for it a shroud. 


120 The Granite Monthly ?I 

Swiftly flows the river, gilded 

By the low sun's ray, 
While the walls frown down upon it, 

Moss grown, cold and gray. 
Long ago, ere moss and ivy 

Wreathed a ruin old, 
O'er those massive walls a pennon 

Waved its blue and gold. 

Gallant knights and noble ladies 

Met in merry throng. 
Till the ancient courts and archways 

Echoed to their song. 
'Twas the stronghold of Lord Ubert, 

Last heir of his line, 
And his merry guests quaffed beakers 

Brimmed with ruby wine. 

All that day Lord Ubert feasted 

In his joy and pride. 
For, beside him, on the dais, 

Yolande, his bride, 
Golden tresses fell in ripples 

To her jeweled shoe, 
And her eyes outshone the turquoise 

In their liquid blue. 

Never waved their azure pennon 

O'er a fairer bride 
And Lord Ubert, gazing on her 

Forgot all beside. 
"Fill the cups again, my comrades, 

Gallant knights and true, 
Drink in honor of our colors, 

Of the gold and blue!" 

"Gold and azure is the pennon, 

O'er our tower that flies; 
Golden are our lady's tresses, 

Azure are her eyes!" 
At the word the cups were lifted 

When — behold: Each knight 
Clasped a hand upon his falchion, 

While, in sore affright, 

Dames and maidens sought the turrets, 

For the courts without 
Echoed to the clang of armor, 

And the warriors' shout. 
"To the rescue!" cried Lord Ubert, 

Starting from his place, 
" ? Tis the battle song of Ulric, 

Foeman of our race!" 



The Ballad of the Pennon 121 

Hour by hour the clash of weapons 

Rang within those walls 
Where but now the minstrel's chorus 

Echoed down the halls. 
One by one she sees them perish, 

Gallant knights and true! 
Dying to defend their colors, 

For the gold and blu 

Till, overwhelmed by grief and terror, 

Yolande, the bride, 
Fearing not base Ulric's insults 

Sought her husband's side. 
He, amid the dead and dying, 

Stood erect in pride, 
And unto his wounded bosom 

Fondly clasped his bride. 

"Ha!" cried brutal Ulric, turning 

To his outlaw train, 
"We will hold her in our stronghold 

F>e sun sets again!" 
But Lord Ubert, smiling fondly 

In his bride's embrace, 
Saw a gleam of quick defiance 

Flash across her face. 

Swift as thought she drew a dagger 

From her bridal dress — 
"Men have died here for my honor, 

And shall I do less?" 
"Never!" And the gleaming weapon 

Sheathed she in her breast, 
Then sank back upon his bosom, 

Like a child at rest. 

Thus they died, while yet their pennon 

Flung its blue and gold, 
And for ages past, their story 

Has remained untold. 
And, tonight, the sunset glory 

Slowly fades away, 
But the castle walls are gloomy, 

Ivy grown and gray. 



By Florence A . D. McKenzie 

One April day, when the sun's rays 
had melted the snow from the little 
Mayflower plot in the pasture, the 
children rushed in with the first blos- 
som of the season, and that scarcely 
open; thereafter, for many days, from 
the little bed, hardly long enough to 
lay the baby on, they gathered nose- 
gays of the sweet-smelling flowers. 
However, they do not seem so sweet 
from a place like this in open pasture 
as from a shady nook beneath the 
"whispering pines/ ' or under some 
scraggling bushes, half hid by leaves 
and evergreens. In such places their 
blush is deepest and their fragrance 
the rarest. 

But, before the May blossoms 
reach their prime, there is another 
flower which we must seek, for it is 
quickly gone after the first ones ap- 
pear. So down the road we go to the 
pasture bars and along the path, on 
either side of which are blackberry 
tangles where later the luscious fruit 
will hang, through the apple orchard 
to the hillside on a southern slope half 
covered by the tall trees whose last 
fall's leaves still nestle beneath our 
feet. Down the slope still farther we 
must go, almost fearing we are too 
late and yet feeling that this must be 
the time, for the •Mayflowers have 
always been its forerunners b}' a little. 
At last, half hidden by leaves and 
sticks and stones, the cheerful little 
Hepatica faces appear before us, in 
groups and singly, and here and there 
in larger patches. Some are purest 
white, so innocent and lovely, others 
the daintiest shade of blue; farther on 
the deeper blues appear and then a 
delicate pink meets our eyes. AU 
these are sisters, yet varying as in the 
human family; and as we gather hand- 
ful after handful, hardly knowing 
when to stop, the dainty petals al- 
ready begin to fall. With them we 
place a few of the bright red Partridge 

Berries, on their leafy vines and we 
have a nosegay to brighten even a 
gloomy room. 

This sheltered place, apart from 
common walking ground, seems just 
the place where the sweet fairy-like 
beauties can safely hold their spring- 
time revelry. And is their beauty 
shed in vain? Does not each blossom, 
though unseen, add just so much to 
the world's beauty cf the spring- 
time, and so, though unrecognized by 
human sense, become a needed part of 
the great world of nature? 

Coming home we find the yellow 
blossom of the Moose wood, from 
whose tough bark the Indian's are 
said to have made thongs, and truly 
the little stems are very difficult to 
break, nearly always bringing a strip 
of the bark along with them. 

Another little blossom, shy and 
sweet, familiar too, and famed in 
song and story, we come upon one 
day, perhaps by the roadside, per- 
haps by the brook where it loves to 
grow and where it reaches its greatest 
height, — the Blue Violet. Its varied 
shades and sometimes its plainly 
marked pencilings as well as its dis- 
tinct fragrance always fascinate. 
Near the little rustic bridge is a spot 
where white and blue together make a 
picture fair to look upon. 

But we must not forget their sister 
of somewhat different habits, and 
rarer, too. Under a spreading tree, 
away from the brightest sunlight, 
grows the Yellow Violet whose leaves 
springing from the stem mark the 
difference between it and the other 
violets whose leaves come from the 
ground like the flower stalk. 

While the bees are busily flying 
over our heads, back and forth, to the 
sugar maples on the sloping sides of 
the ravine, through which flows the 
noisy brook over its bed of pebbles 
and shelving rock, and are carrying 

Spring Trysting Places 


the red and yellow pollen to their 
hive we look for another flower, grace- 
ful and dainty, the " Wild-oats" in 
common nomenclature, — Bellwort, 
also called; — with its nodding, creamy, 
bell-like blossoms growing by some 
old fence or among the dry grass and 
rubbish of last year it is hardly 

Ere the apple blossoms are fully 
out, we look about among the rocks 
for a flower about a foot in height, 
relieving the grays and browns of 
moss and stone by its vivid red, — the 
pretty Columbine, beloved by the 
children. Although its color does not 
resemble the dove, from whose Latin 
name the word columbine is derived 
on account of a fancied resemblance 
between the shape of the parts of the 
flower and that of the bird, yet its 
message may well be a peaceful one. 
Together with the little Everlasting 
or Mouse-ear, growing beneath our 
feet and the bright, cheery, sociable- 
looking little Bluets or "Innocence, " 
which delight to grow in small clumps 
or masses, we have a handful of color 
to make us cheerful indeed. 

Another bright little flower which 
bravely makes its appearance before 
the cold is altogether gone is our well- 
known Bloodroot, not everywhere 
wild with us but usual lv known as a 

wild flower. I well remember the sur- 
prise and pleasure with which I saw 
it growing as abundantly as Dandelion 
blossoms on the old turnpike from 
Newburyport to Boston, on a high 
bank beside the road the latter part of 

Another flower, which surprises us 
in the early spring, is the Khodora, 
with its bright rose-pink clusters, ap- 
pearing before its leaves are fairly out. 
This is really a shrub with us, and 
plainly to be seen at quite a distance. 

By the brookside, lining it on 
either bank, soon appears a tall 
feathery flower, perhaps two feet in 
height, so noticeable that even those 
who do not particularly watch for the 
flowers inquire what it is. With its 
beautiful clusters and graceful leaves 
it is often used for decoration. This 
is the Meadow Rue. Its finely cut 
petals and arrangement of stamens, 
and almost creamy hue, give it an ap- 
pearance of elegance rarely found in a 
wild flower. 

Together with the birds our early 
wild flowers are truly the "harbingers 
of spring;''* though not appealing to 
the sense of hearing, yet through those 
of sight and smell they eharrn us by 
their beauty and fragrance, receiving 
from us, perhaps, a warmer welcome 
because of the cold days just departed. 


By Bela Chapin 

The rector asked a poet new 
Whose verses some attention drew : 
"Which of the bards of ancient time, 

Or of these later, better days, 
Do you esteem as most sublime 

And most deserving of great praise, 
Whose tomes, perhaps, adorn your shelf?" 
The youth replied: "'Myself, myself." 


/* If. 



Governor of New Hampshire 1905-6 




John McLane, Governor of New Hamp- 
shire in 190o and 1906, long and favorably 
known throughout the state as a business man 
and faithful public servant, and a conspicuous 
representative of the Masonic order, died 
at Southern Pines, X. C, on April 10, 1911, 
after a long illness, the direct cause of death 
being given as cirrhosis of the liver. 

Mr. McLane was born in Lennoxtown, Scot- 
land, February 27, 1852, the son of Alexander 
and Mary (Hay) McLane. The family 
emigrated to this country in 1S54, locating 
in Manchester, where two years later, the 
father died. In the public schools of that 
city and in the town of Henniker, where a 
part of his early years were passed, John 
McLane received his education. later he 
werit to the town of Milford, where he 
learned the trade of a cabinet-maker, and, 
in 1S7S, established himself in business as 
a manufacturer of post ofhte furniture 
and equipments, securing the control of 
valuable patents connected with this line 
of manufacture, and creating a business 
which has long extended throughout the 
country and the civilized world, his industry 
being the leading one in the enterprising 
town which has since been his home, and in 
which he has been honored and esteemed 
as a loyal and public-spirited citizen. 

Mr. McLane was elected a representative 
from Milford in the state legislature in 
1SS5, and took an active part in the work 
of the House. \\\ 1891 he was chosen to 
represent his district in the Senate, and was 
elected president of that bod}'. Returned 
to the Senate two years later he was again 
elected president and served efficiently, 
as before. Jn 1900 he was a member of 
the New Hampshire delegation in the Repub- 
lican National Convention, which nominated 
McKinley and Roosevelt. Four years later 
he was the candidate of his party for Gov- 
ernor, and served in that office the following 
two years with conspicuous fidelity. It 
was largely through his efforts, and upon 
his invitation, extended in the name of 
the state, that the envoys of Japan and 
Russia held their famous conference, resulting 
in the treaty of peace between those great 
nations, in our New Hampshire seaport 
city, the outcome being known throughout 
the world and permanent lv recorded in 
history as ''The Peace of Portsmouth." 
He was present in Portsmouth during much 
of the time occupied in the negotiations, 
and his presence and unfailing courtesies 
contributed in no small measure to the high 
appreciation of New Hampshire hospitality 
entertained by the envoys, who left lasting 
testimony of their regard in donations of 

$20,000—1 10.000 from each delegation— 
the income to be expended, annually for all 
time, in aid of the philanthropic and char- 
itable work of the state. 

Governor McLane also did valuable work 
in advancing the cause of forest preservation 
by hearty and effective support of the White 
Mountain and Appalachian Forest Reserve 
bill, which only recently was enacted into 
law after a struggle of years against hostile 

It was during his administration, also, 
that the battleship New Hampshire was 
launched at the Camden, N. J., shipyards, 
June 30, 1906, on which occasion he repre- 
sented the stale, and at the hands of his 
daughter Hazel, the splendid vessel was 
christened with the name of her native state. 

Governor McLane, though lacking a liberal 
education, and generally classed as a "self- 
made man/' was a master of graceful and 
forceful English, and a speaker of more than 
ordinary ability. He proved himself equal 
to the occasion in every emergency before 
public gatherings, as in the conduct of 
business, either public or private, and will 
ever rank among the ablest of New Hamp- 
shire's chief executives. 

He was an active force in the public affairs 
of Milford, president of the Sowhegan 
National Bank of that town, a friend of all 
worthy local enterprises, and of all the 
people, regardless of party or creed. 

March 10, 1SS0, he married Ella L. Tuck, 
who survives, with three children — Clinton 
A., Hazel E., now Mrs. John Clark of New 
York, and John R. The former was a 
representative from that town in the Legis- 
lature of 1911. A younger son — Charles — 
died last year aE the result of severe injuries 
in an accident at Revere Beach, Mass. 
His loss was a severe blow to Governor 
McLane, from the effects of which he never 
fully recovered. 


Thomas Crosby Eastman, one of_ the 
oldest and best known citizens of North 
Conway, died at his home, Moat Mountain 
House (and his birthplace) on Sunday, 
the 22d of January. He was bora October S, 
1831, the sixth of the seven children of 
Thomas and Eunice Cutts (Hill) Eastman, 
and was the last survivor of them all, the 
others being Abigail Hill (the beautiful wife 
of Dr. Jonathan Thompson, a physician of 
great repute throughout this region, from 
1836 to 1806), Drusilla Adams, Henry 
Abiathar, Leavitt Hill, Charles, and Mary 

The Moat Mountain farm is one of the 
largest in the county, comprising about 


The Granite Monthly 

throe hundred acres of woodland and tillage, 
and has been in the possession of the East- 
man family for more than a century. In 
1856, the farmhouse was enlarged, and it 
has always been one of the exclusive summer 
resorts of the east side of the White Moun- 
tains. Mr. Eastman was one of that group 
of progressive spirits who in the middle 
of the nineteenth century developed the 
famous East Side section. For many years 
he was one of the owners of the Centre 
Harbor line of stage coaches, running 
in the old days from Centre Harbor to 
North Conway. Frequently in times of 
the crowded season, Mr. Eastman would 
himself drive the four and six horse Concord 
coaches over the route. 

He was too, for the greater part of his 
life, engaged in lumbering, not in an exten- 
sive but still in a substantial way. 

He married on January 9. 1SG6, his 
fourth cousin, Mary Elizabeth Eastman, 
the daughter of Jonathan Cummings East- 
man and Susan Merrill, a descendant of 
the de Merles who left France at the time 
of the Massacre of St. Bartholomew, and 
came to England and from thence to Salem, 
Massachusetts, early in the seventeenth 
century. Jonathan Cummings Eastman was 
the old-time host of that idyllic sylvan 
retreat, the Artist Falls House (now known 
as the Forest Glen) which in 1S50 was first 
a summer home for White Mountain tourists 
— the property being Jonathan Cummings 
Eastman's inheritance from his father, Deacon 
Jonathan Eastman. 

Three children were born of the marriage 
of Thomas Crosby and Mary Elizabeth 
Eastman. These were Mary Crosby, Thomas 
Bowdoin, and Bertram Cummings. 

Mr. Eastman was a quiet and reserved 
man, kind and friendly, much disposed to 
alms-giving — as all the tramps of Carroll 
County well knew — of gentle manners, an 
ideal host, a generous, obliging neighbor, 
an upright citizen, a good husband and 
father. His death is a loss not only to his 
family, but to his town, and especially to 
North Conway. He was buried in the 
village graveyard near the goodly acres in 
the midst of which his four score years were 
lived, and whose very sod he greatly loved. 


Sam Walter Foss, journalist, poet, lecturer, 
librarian, and ''friend of man," born in 
Candia, N. II., June 19, 1858, died at his home 
in Somerville, Mass., February 26, 1911. 

He was the son of Dyer and Polly (Hardy) 
Foss, who were farming people, and he, their 
only child to reach maturity, spent his early 
years in agricultural pursuits and attending 
the district school. When he was fourteen 
years of age his parents removed to Ports- 
mouth, but continued in farming, so that 
while enabled to attend the high school he 
had to walk three miles each way, daily, to 

do so. He graduated from the Portsmouth 
High School in 1877, spent a year at Tilton 
Seminary, entered Brown University, and 
graduated therefrom as class poet in 1S82. 

For a time after graduation he engaged as 
a book agent, but shortly engaged in the 
newspaper field in Lynn, Mass., where he 
published the Saturday Union, which was 
ultimately merged with the Yankee Blade, of 
Boston, of which he became editor, continuing 
for several years and developing the poetic 
talent with which nature had endowed him 
in large measure. He contributed humorous 
verse and other matter quite voluminously 
also to other publications. The Blade at- 
tained a large circulation under his editorship, 
and gained a national reputation. In the 
late eighties, lie severed his connection with 
that paper and accepted an editorial position 
on the Boston Globe, in which he continued, 
doing considerable outside writing, until 1S98, 
when he was chosen librarian of the Somer- 
ville public library, having long before made 
his home in that city, in which position he 
remained till death, gaining much distinction 
for thorough work, while at the same time 
continuing his poetical writing, and engaging 
quite extensively in the public entertainment 
field as a reader and lecturer, selections from 
his writings being largely called for. 

Mr. Foss had published several volumes 
of poems, the last, ''Songs of the Average 
Man," in 1907. He was a member of the 
Authors, Twentieth Century and Economic 
Clubs and had been president of the Massa- 
chusetts Library Club. In 1907 he received 
the honorary degree of Master of Arts from 
Brown University. 

In 1887, July 13, he married Carrie, daugh- 
ter of Rev. Henry W. Conant of Providence, 
R. I., who survives, with two sons. 


Hon. George W. Fifield, a former mayor and 
well-known citizen of Lowell, Mass., died at 
his home, 1180 Middlesex Street, in that city, 
on January 30, 1911. 

Mr. Fifield was a native of the town of Bel- 
mont in this state (then Upper Gilmanton) born, 
April 25, 1848, the son of Josiah and Viana J. 
(Dwinells) Fifield. He was educated in the 
public schools of his native town and at- 
Gilmanton Academy. After graduating from 
the latter institution he learned the trade of 
a machinist, which he followed for a time- 
in Belmont, and then went to Walthaim Mass.,. 
where he was located for a number of years. 
In 1S73 he removed to Lowell and established 
a business which developed into the Fifield 
Tool Company, which was long one of the 
leading establishments of the kind in the 
country, the manufacture of engine lathes 
being a prominent branch of the business. 

Politically Mr. Fifield was a Democrat and 
took an active part in public affairs. He 
was his party's candidate for mayor against 
Edward J. Noyes in 1884, but failed of elec- 

New Hampshire Necrology 


tion. Nominated for the same office again 
in 1S90, he was elected, and re-elected the 
following year. He was also the Democratic 
nominee for Congress in the Lowell District 
in 1894, though unsuccessful the district- 
being strongly Republican. For several years 
he was a member of the Lowell Board of 
Health. He was a member of the Masonic 
fraternity and in religion a Universalist. Lie 
was many years a director of the Apple-ton 
National Bank of Lowell and for some time 
president of the same. He had also been 
president of the Lowell Eilectrie Light Com- 

He had been twice married, first to Miss 
Nellie De Roehn, and afterward to Mrs. 
Susan Knowks, the latter dying some seven 
years ago. He had no children, but left two 
sisters, Mrs. Frances Wilson, of Wentworth, 
N. H., and Miss Abbie M. Fifield of Belmont. 


Moses F. Emerson, one of the most prom- 
inent citizens of the town of Candia, died at 
his home in that town January*19, 1911. 

He was born in Candia November 15, 1832, 
the son of Abraham and Abigail (Dolbear) 
Emerson. Attendance at town schools was 
supplemented by a course at Pembroke 
Academy, and he was then for ten years a 
teacher in various New Hampshire and 
Massachusetts schools. Inarming then became 
his principal occupation. 

Mr. Emerson had represented Candia in 
the Legislature and had repeatedly served 
it as selectman, often as chairinan of the board, 
as collector, member of the school board and 
in other capacities. For more than fifty 
years he had been a justice of the peace and 
probate court matter.-; claimed much of his 
time. He was a Mason and a member of the 
Congregational church. 

On December 16, 1857, Mr. Emerson mar- 
ried Miss Abbie Patten, of Candia. She 
survives him, as do four sons, Dr. Francis 
P. Llmerson of Boston, Abraham F. Emerson 
of Manchester, Dr. William R. P. and Nat 
W. Emerson, of Boston, and two daughters, 
Mrs. Charles F. Flanders of Candia, and 
Miss Annie S. Emerson of Concord. 


Rev. William Orne White, who died at 
Brookline, Mass., February 17, 1911, though 
not a native of the state, or a resident thereof 
at the time of his death, is best known as 
a New Hampshire man, on account of his 
extended pastorate over the Unitarian church 
in Keene. 

Mr. White was a native of Salem, Mass., 
horn February 12, 1821. He graduated from 
Harvard College and from the Cambridge 
Divinity School in 1844. After leaving the 
theological school he took a long trip abroad, 
visiting Egypt as well as several European 
countries. He was ordained to the ministry 

of the L nitarian Church, in West Newton, 
Mass., November 22, 1S4S; his resignation 
of that pastorate taking effect December 31, 
1850. He was the pastor of the Unitarian 
Church in Keene from October 1, 1851, until 
November 3, 1878. After leaving Keene he 
established his home in Brookline, where he 
had since resided. His wife, who was Miss 
Margaret Elliot Harding, died in June, 1903. 
A daughter survives, Eliza Orne White, a 
well-known authoress. 


Benjamin I'ranklin Nealley, one of the 
most prominent and widely known citizens 
of Dover, died at his home in that city, 
March 27, 1911. 

He was a native of South Berwick, Me., 
born October 24, 1S39. He went to Dover 
in 1858 and engaged in mercantile life in 
which he continued with much success until 
his retirement a few years since. He was 
active and prominent in public affairs, as 
a Republican, serving as a member of the 
common council, city treasurer, representa- 
tive in the General Court, state senator and 
mayor. He was also a trustee of the public 
library, and chairman of the building com- 
mittee, having in charge the erection of the 
new city hall, one of the finest in New Eng- 
land. He was a director of the Strafford 
National Bank and a trustee of the Savings 
Bank, and had been secretary and treasurer 
of the Dover Navigation Company since 
its organization in 1878. 

He was a 33d degree Mason; a past master 
of Strafford lodge, No. 29, A. F. and A. M., 
past eminent commander of St. Paul com- 
mandery Knights Templar; member of Bel- 
knap chapter, Royal Arch Masons; Orphan 
Council No. 1, Royal and Select Masters, 
and a Shriner. He was also a member of 
Olive Branch lodge, K. of P., and of the 
First Parish Congregational church of which 
he was moderator when he died. 


Silas H. Brigham, born in Brownington, 
Vt.. December 20, 1841, died in Lisbon, 
N. H., March 24, 1911. 

Mr. Brigham was the eldest of two sons 
of John M. and Marion (Grow) Brigham, 
and was educated in the public schools and 
Derby, Vt., Academy. He located in Lisbon 
some thirty years ago, in the hotel business, 
and "Brigham's Hotel" soon became favor- 
ably known to the travelling public. He 
was subsequently sheriff of Grafton County 
for two terms, and held the position at the 
time of the Almy-Warden murder case at 
Hanover — Frank Almy, by the way, being 
the last person executed for murder in this 
state. He was appointed a Deputy Collector 
of Internal Revenue under the second 
Cleveland administration in 1893 and reap- 
pointed four years iater. Lie married in 1S68 


The Granite Monthly 

Miss O'ive J. Merrick, who died in 1002, 
leaving three sons — Harry S., Frank M., 
and George L. With the eldest of these, 
in Lisbon, he had made his home since his 
wife's death. 


Henry Denman Thompson, universally 
known by the second Christian name only, 
noted the continent over as actor and play- 
wright, author of, and impersonator of the 
leading character, in the famous Xew England 
play "Joshua Whitcomb," and of the "Old 
Homestead" of similar nature, died at his 
home in West Swanzey, April 14, 1911. 

Mr. Thompson was born in Girard, Pa., 
October 15, 1S33, but his parents were 
Swanzey people (his father being Capt. 
Rufus Thompson and his mother a daughter 
of Dr.- Henry Baxter) and returned to that 
town when the son was fourteen years of age. 
He attended the district school and Mount 
Caesar Seminary; but at the age of seven- 
teen he joined a circus as property boy, 
soon developed into an acrobat, and not 
long after became enamored of the stage, 
appearing first as a "super" with Charlotte 
Cushman, at the Howard Athenaeum in 
Boston, and taking his first speaking part 

in "The French Spy" at Lowell in 1852. 
In 1S54 he engaged with the Royal Lyceum 
Theatre in Toronto, Canada," where he 
remained fourteen years. There he married, 
in 1S60, Maria Ballou, of Niagara, X. Y., 
who died at West Swanzey in 1904, leaving 
four children — two sons and two daughters, 
who still survive. While in Canada ho 
crossed the ocean for one season and played 
in London with fair success. His first 
appearance as ''Uncle Josh" was at Pitts- 
burg, Pa., in 1S75, in a one-act comedy, 
which he subsequently developed into the 
longer play which made him famous through- 
out the country. He travelled constantly 
for a long series of years, except during the 
vacation period spent at the Swanzey home 
which he retained and improved; but a few 
years since left his part to an understudy, 
except in a few of the principal cities and 
finally quit altogether. But the fever re- 
turned, and, during the season now closing, 
he appeared in the "Old Homestead" in 
Xew York, Philadelphia and Washington, 
and had planned to close in Boston, but was 
forced by failing health to abandon the 
purpose, returning to Swanzey, where he 
gradually sank, and passed away at the date 
above indicated. 


By a typographical error in the last issue 
of the Graxite Moxthly the birth of the 
late Ex-Governor Hiram A. Tuttle was made 
to appear ten years earlier than it really 
occurred. It should have read 1837, instead 
of 1827. In this connection it may be 
remarked that the recent death of Hon. 
John McLane, elsewhere noted, removes 
another from the shortening list of surviving 
Ex-Governors of the state, of whom seven 
only remain — David H. Goodell, John B. 
Smith, Frank W. Rollins, Chester B. Jordan, 
Nahum J. Bachelder, Charles M. Floyd, 
and Henry B. Quinby. 

The Supreme Court has performed the 
duty devolving upon it through the recent 
action of the Legislature, in providing for 
a permanent Tax Commission of three 
members, the same to be appointed by the 
Supreme Court, as were the members of 
the Board of Equalization, which Board 
the Commission succeeds, with largely 
increased powers and duties. The appointees 
named by the Court are Albert O. Brown of 
Manchester, chairman, for six years; Wil- 
liam B. Fellows of Tilt on, present State 
Auditor, clerk, lor four years, and John T. 

Amy of Lancaster, two years. One appoint- 
ment will be made every two years, here- 
after for six years, which is the established 
term of office. The duties of this Com- 
mission are of the highest importance, and 
will doubtless command the abilities of its 
members in full measure. 

One of the latest measures inaugurated 
by the management of the XT. Y., X. H. & 
H. Railroad in the development policy 
which it proposes to carry out, under the 
Mellen administration, in the important 
section served by the "'Xew England Lines, " 
is the establishment of an Industrial Bureau 
with headquarters at the South Station 
in Boston, under the management of Mr. 
W. H. Seelcy, late general freight and pas- 
senger agent of the Central Xew England 
Railway, who will study the conditions, 
needs and possibilities of Xew England 
industrial life — manufacturing, agricultural 
and commercial — and, through systematic 
means and methods, contribute to the 
advancement of that prosperity which is 
mutually essential to the railroads and 
the interests thev serve. 

\\ — 

• VOL. XL! II. No. 

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A New Kamf _.^*-azIne 

Devoted to History, Biograph^r~0"terature and State Progress 


J^/aa New Hampshire Country Koines With Frontispiece. 

*j»\»t Mexico, Old and New . . . . 

)*Sk By John C. Thorne. Illustrated. 

W^ History of the Congregational Church in Hampton 

By Rev. J. A. Ross. 

I\ ^ 

n5sh John Williams * . • . . 

•€it«» By Lydia A . Stevens; Portrait. 

r : 4 The New Federation President Portrait. 

£?iSi New Hampshire Necrology . 

142 fek 


"-W Editor and Publisher's Notes 

V>>: Poems 

*^V> B >' Creorgiana Rogers, William Wilson, Bela Chapin, Frederick Myron Colby, 

W^j B. J. H-. Frost. 


Issued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF. Editor and Manager 
TERMS: $1.00 per annum, in advance; $1,50 if not paid in adyance. Single copies, 15 cents 

COMCORO, N. H. f -1911 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class mail mattes 

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The Granite Monthly 

Vol. XXIII, No. 5 

MAY, 1911 New Series, Vol. 6, No. 5 


Home of David E. Murphy, Concord 

The '"'abandoned farm" in New- 
Hampshire has had its day and is now, 
generally speaking, a thing of the past. _ 
Moreover the cheap farm era Fias 
gone, probably never to return. Farm 
values have increased throughout the 
state more than a hundred per cent., 
upon an average, in the last "tea 
years, and it is no longer possible to 
buy a hundred-acre farm,' with good 
buildings thereon, for a thousand 
dollars or less, as was frequently the 
'case a decade ago. Farms cannot be 
bought anywhere in the state today 
except at prices that would have been 
deemed exorbitant in the days when 
agriculture was the leading industry 
of the state, and absolutely prepos- 
terous in the later years when its 
decadence was manifest. 

The reasons for this change are 
many and- manifest. The general 
increase in prices, including the mjuch- 
talked-of and universally felt "high 
cost of living" has naturally had its 
effect in this direction, as has the 
general improvement in agricultural 
conditions throughout the country. 
Another strongly contributing cause 
is the persistent and effective cam- 
paign that has been carried on under 
the auspices of the State Board of 
Agriculture, directed by its efficient 
secretary, to promote the purchase of 
New Hampshire farms for summer 
homes by men of wealth from other 
states,- — a movement that has been 
deplored by some, on the ground that 
the best interests of the state require 
permanent, or ali-the-year-ro]ind, 
rather than temporary or summer- 
season occupants upon its farms, but 

which has, unquestionably, contrib- 
uted largely toward the general in- 
crease of farm prices. 

Another strongly contributory 
cause, and one less open to objection 
from any quarter than the last named, 
is the constantly increasing tendency 
among business and professional men 
in the cities and larger towns through- 
out the state, to secure for them- 
selves country homes; — some for 
summer occupancy only, and others 
for permanent residence, and to 
engage to a greater or less extent in 
agricultural operations in connection 
therewith, as a healthy diversion, if 
not as a source of financial profit. In- 
deed the number of these men who 
are acquiring farms for homes for the 
vacation period or for the entire year 
— some a short distance out in the 
country and others more remote — 
is constantly and rapidly increasing, 
since the trolley line and the auto- 
mobile render such arrangement en- 
tirely practicable. 

The more generally the people of 
all classes come in contact with the 
soil, and the closer they come to 
nature in their daily life the healthier 
they are themselves, physically, men- 
tally and morally. Not every city 
man can own a farm, or an}- con- 
siderable amount of land, either for 
occupancy or diversion; but the more 
generally those who are able to do so 
avail themselves of the opportunity 
the better for the entire community, 
since the general tone and character 
of society is inevitably improved and 
elevated* by individual contact and 


The Granite Monthly 

In recent years there has been 
developed a .strong tendency among 
the business and professional men of 
Concord to get out into the country 
onto land of their own, either for 
longer or shorter periods, and in some 
cases for the entire year, the feeling 
being that there is more of health, 
comfort and genuine enjoyment to be 
had in a home of one's own, on the 
fresh face of mother earth, surrounded 
by green fields and abundant shade 
trees, with fruit, flowers and vegetables 
in their season freshly gathered, than 
in any hotel or boarding-house, wher- 
ever located, and at less expense. 

Some of these men have gone 
several miles out into adjacent towns, 
while others have found desirable 
locations nearer by. Among the 
latter is David E. Murphy, the well- 
known dry goods merchant of the 
Capital City, and a leader in the 
state in his line of trade, who pur- 
chased the old Worthen place, more 
recently occupied by Charles F. 
Flanders, a mile and a half out on 
South street on the Bow road, con- 
taining some twenty acres of land, 
with a fine old brick mansion, erected 
by Richard Worthen about 1S20. 
This Richard Worthen, by the way, 
came up from Amesbury, Mass., in 
the early part of the last century, to 

cut timber for ship pins. He se- 
cured a large amount of land in the 
vicinity of Wheeler's Corner, married 
Lydia Wheeler, and afterward built 
this house from brick of his own pro- 
duction, having discovered an exten- 
sive clay-bed on his land, and engaged 
quite largely in brick-making. The 
brick used for the interior work in 
the old state house and state prison 
was of his manufacture. 

Mr. Murphy has made extensive 
improvements upon the house, mak- 
ing it one of the most pleasant and 
attractive homes in the region and 
is engaged in bringing the land to a. 
high state of fertility, regardless of 
labor and expense. His original pur- 
pose was to occupy the place as a 
summer home only, but the comforts- 
and attractions it presents are so 
alluring that it became at once an 
all-the-year abiding place, where the 
busy merchant finds daily rest and 
recuperation, and his wife entertains 
her many friends under far pleasant er 
conditions than are found mn the 
environments of crowded city life. 

The interior arrangements of the 
home, throughout, are of the most 
charming order, evincing the rare 
taste of the mistress, a wealth of 
antique furniture being a leading 


By Stewart Everett Rowe 

V ve done the best I could, 

If I 'm misunderstood, 
I do not care — I know what I have done. 

The world may say I lost. 

But I, 'though big the cost, 
Have kept my honor bright from sun to sun! 

And so, old world, laugh on, 
I do not mind your scorn, 

You cannot stop me and you cannot blast; 
For God, up there above, 
With great and boundless love, 

Will help me win the victory at last! 





and Scenes. Its People and Customs 

By John C. Thome, Concord 

Old Mexico is a wonderfully in- 
teresting country and of especial in- 
terest today on account of the Revo- 
lution now being enacted within its 

A few years ago we visited that 
people of mysterious origin and strange 
customs, in a land fascinating in its 
history, in its ancient architecture, 
and most attractive in its magnifi- 
cent scenery, possessing every climate, 

us across the Rio Grande river, and 
we accepted the pleasant, invitation. 
We left Concord on Tuesday morn- 
ing, Februarv 19, and, traveling bv 

way of Albany, 
Kansas City and 
in San Antonio, 

Chicago. Topeka, 

Fort Worth, were 

Texas, Saturdav 

morning early — 3,0C0 miles from home. 
Snow and* cold, with an occasional 
blizzard, followed us even through 
Kansas, but in this old Spanish city 




■ . 5^ 

'.-•■■■ N 

"-• .... 



Mount Popocatepetl, 17,785 feet high 



owing to latitude and altitude, from 
the tropical forests of a luxuriant 
vegetation to the heights of everlast- 
ing snow and ice, more than seven- 
teen thousand feet above the sea. 

We had visited Europe and looked 
upon its mighty capitals, wandered 
through its palaces, castles and gal- 
leries of art, viewed its grand moun- 
tains, sailed upon its beautiful lakes 
and rivers, but here was Mexico at 
our very doors, unique and with the 
mysticism of the Orient, beckoning 

we found roses in bloom amid the 
tropical growths of its plaza. We 
visited at once the old, historic Alamo, 
a stone Mission House of the early 
fathers, built in 1741, used later as 
a fortification, now in a dismantled., 
ruined condition, but preserved in 
honor of the brave deeds enacted 
there. Here was the American "Ther- 
mopylae" Here fought ISO Ameri- 
cans against. 4,000 Mexicans under 
General Santa Ana in 1836. Unlike 
the Grecian battle, not even one of 


The Granite Monthly 

these brave men was left alive; 
among the dead were the noted Daw 
Crockett, Colonel Bowie and Colonel 
Travis. The ancient Cathedral, facing 
the plaza, was interesting, as it was the 
first of a great many Spanish churches 
we afterward saw in our journey 
"through Mexico. We also went out 
"to the military barracks, on Govern- 
ment Hill, the finest in the country, 
-and from the lofty tower, rising on 
.its Parade Ground, we gained an ex- 
tensive view of the broad plains of 

Crossing the Rio Grande at Eagle 
Pass, to Diaz, so named of course in 
honor of the really great Mexican 
President, we also pass safely through 
the Custom House of the "Gate City" 
and are on Mexican soil. The Rio 
Grande del Norte (Grand River of 
the North) which is the boundary 
line between the two republics, rises 
in the Rocky ]\ fountains and flows 
for 1,500 miles, when it empties into 
the Gulf of Mexico. To speak of it 
as grand is to draw upon the imagina- 
tion. From what we saw, one might 
have walked over its bed, so much 
of the water being drawn away for 
the purpose of irrigation during its 
long journey. 

We took a night ride of 160 miles 
over the Mexican International, 
through a sandy, dusty, sage bush 
region, to Monterey (the Mountain 
of the King), a city of 50,000 people. 
Many Americans are located here 
and great advance has been made in 
manufactures in the last decade. 
General Taylor fought a battle here, 
in 184G, at a place near called the 
Bishop's Palace. Monterey is sur- 
rounded by beautiful and curiously 
formed mouutains. Saddle Moun- 
tain has the shape on its lofty ridge, 
sharply defined against the clear 
sky, of an immense and perfectly 
formed Mexican saddle. Another is 
the Bishop's Mitre, with its clearly 
cut, double-pointed peak. These jag- 
ged mountains are evidently of vol- 
canic origin — reminding one some- 
what of the Dolomites in the Austrian 
Tyrol, but lacking the height and 

beautiful colorings of those unequalled 

Perhaps a description of Monterey 
in its general outline will serve as an 
illustration of nearly every Mexican 
city which we visited with a few ex- 
ceptions, which were some fifteen in 
number. The first object, and the 
center of the life of these old Spanish 
cities, is the plaza, or park, with its 
rare trees to Northern eyes, the grace- 
ful, towering palm, the sweet scented 
orange and the great oleander trees, 
with their innumerable pink blossoms. 
The varied forms of the cactus and 
the magnificent century plant, with 
its broad, sword-shaped leaves, the 
blossom being borne aloft on a stem 
twenty feet in the air. In the center 
of this garden of beauty, around which 
circle the walks, is the elaborate music 
stand, where the band discourses 
sweet music every evening to the 
gathered promenading people. Fac- 
ing this plaza are the important gov- 
ernment buildings, and if it is the 
capital of the state there is the 
Governor's palace also. There too 
rises the grand cathedral, with highly 
ornamental facade, either in stucco 
or carved stone. 

On another side of the square are 
the finer shops, in portals or arcades, 
as you see in Paris or Venice. In 
a more distant section of the city is 
the great market, an enclosed build- 
ing of immense size, while around 
it in the open space are numberless 
booths and large umbrellas under 
which are sold the fruits, vegetables 
and flowers of the southern clime. 
One peculiarity is in the sale of the 
goods, which are gathered in little 
clusters and sold for so many cen- 
tavos each, making it difficult and 
almost impossible to buy in any large 
quantity. " Larry, " our caterer for 
the dining car, had much trouble in 
collecting supplies for our company. 
It may be stated that in our travel 
through Mexico our Pullman train 
of diners and sleepers was generally 
side-tracked for our stay at different 
points, as the accommodations were 
were much better than the hotels 

Mexico, Old and New 


could offer — except at the great cities 
of Guadalajara of 100.000 people and 
the City of Mexico of 400,000. where 
we were well cared for. At the cap- 
ital of the country our quarters were 
in the Palace of Iturbide, on San 
Francisco street. The former Pres- 
ident was absent, but we were well 
entertained in the stately halls sur- 
rounding the courts of this great edi- 

One other attraction is the "bull 
ring" — patronized by the populace 

by a race now unknown — some east- 
ern race, we judge from its sculp- 
tured ruins, its lofty pyramids and its 
ancient legends, all of which betoken 
a great antiquity. Here came Her- 
nando Cortez, the great and cruel 
Spanish conqueror, in the 15th cen- 
tury, and with a mere handful of sol- 
diers gained possession of this whole 
country with its untold treasure for 
himself, his followers and the king 
of Spain. The horses and fire arms, 
which the natives had never seen 



■ ' r ■ •-. 


Castle of Chapultepec, City of Mexico 

somewhat but too much by the tour- 
ist as the spectacle is a disgusting one, 
so some of our company said, and the 
sport, so called, is frowned upon by 
the authorities although not yet 

We are now well into the heart of 
Old Mexico. As we journey on, 
into this land of history and mys- 
tery, we recall that here settled the 
Toltecs in the year 600 A. D., the 
Aztecs in 1100, Spaniards in 1500, 
and a good many Americans in 1000. 
It was occupied at a much earlier 
period than any date here mentioned 

before, spread terror and dismay 
among them, they regarding them as 
beings sent from Heaven and bear- 
ing in their hands the thunder and 
the lightning. The grand mountains, 
the great tablelands and the wonder- 
ful climate was about all this savage 
and avaricious conqueror left in the 
land he so thoroughly subdued. 

The Republic of Mexico is much 
larger than is generally supposed. 
While the domain gained by Cortez 
for Spain stretched from Florida and 
Mexico to Alaska, the present area 
is upwards of 800 miles in width and 


The Granite Monthly 

2,000 miles in length, containing 
775,000 square miles — as large as Eng- 
land, France, Germany and Spain 
combined, or 85 times greater than 
our State of New Hampshire. The 
interior is a 'lofty tableland, at an 
elevation of from' 2,000 to 8,000 feet 
above the sea, while mighty moun- 
tains like Ixtaecihuatl (White Woman) 
16,000 feet, and Popocatepetl (Smok- 
ing Mountain) 17,700 feet, rise into 
the sky. They, like Mount Blanc, are 
"crowned with a diadem of snow/' 

The population of Mexico is about 
14,000,000, as estimated; 2,000,000 
being of Spanish descent and 100,000 
of European and American. Inquir- 
ing in the plaza of Guadalajara, one 
of the best Mexican cities, one day as 
to the number of its people, our in- 
formant said " about 10,000 American 
and 90,000 others.'' Twenty-six dif- 
ferent dialects are spoken within the 
boundary of Mexico. 

The republic is very similar in its 
form of government to our own 
United States. There are twenty- 
•eight states, one territory and one 
federal district of which the City 
of Mexico is the capital. Each state 
has its Governor, Legislature and 
-Courts. General Diaz is nominally 
President, practically he is Dictator 
and has ruled his country with a 
strong hand and this turbulent, rev- 
olutionary people, partially civilized 
and densely ignorant need it, and 
certainly for thirty years he has 
proven himself one of the world's 
great statesmen, and the friends of 
humanity may look with a good 
-deal of anxiety upon the results of 
-the present revolution as regards 
maintaining peace and establishing 
prosperity on the foundation laid 
by the "Washington of his Country." 
"During his long reign, the republic 
lias seen a wonderful advance along 
all lines; yet at the age of 80 years, 
notwithstanding his vise manage- 
ment of affairs, it may be well that he 
step down from his place of power and 
if the mass of the population are 
strong enough in self-control, a larger 

freedom may be given them under a 
more liberal ruler. 

Returning to a more detailed ac- 
count of the observations of our tour, 
and considering the climate, we find 
that, owing to its nearness to the 
equator and the varied elevations of 
the land, that here is every climate 
from the tierre caliente, or hot land, 
along the coast to the tierra /na^or 
cold land, on the high table region, 
and along the mountain slopes. A 
most delightful climate in the temper- 
ate zone with only slight variations 
averaging 60 degrees in the winter 
and 70 degrees in the summer. The 
dry season extends from November 
to May; the wet season from May to 
November.. During the dry period 
it never rains, while in the wet it 
generally rains every afternoon. Thus 
it appears to be a condition that 
may be relied upon, and six months 
before starting upon our trip we were 
promised a beautiful sunset and grand 
view of Popocatepetl from the sum- 
mit of the great pyramid of Cholula, 
anel such we had. 

In consequence of these climatic and 
atmospheric facts the fruits and pro- 
ducts of three zones are obtainable — 
especially the temperate and torrid. 
Naturally a very dry country, as it 
appeareel to us after three months of 
drought (our visit being in February 
and March), the rivers and waterways 
had suffered. The Gulf of Mexico 
was full, however, and at Tampico 
we went in bathing in its delightfully 
tempered water. After our refresh- 
ing bath, we were asked if we had seen 
any man-eating sharks, as it was 
said they frequented this neighbor- 

The lakes are few, the most impor- 
tant being Chapala "the lake above 
the clouds/' resting among the moun- 
tains at an elevation of 5,000 feet. 
It is thirty miles wide and sixty miles 
long, and we sailed across its bosom, 
enjoying a delightful afternoon. 

The railroads, over which we were 
conveyed from city to city, are mar- 
vels of engineering skill. They cross 

Mexico, Old and New 


deep ravines, or barrancas, ascend 
lofty mountain:? and are one of the 
wonders of this wonderland. In pass- 
ing from the City of Mexico to 
Cumevaea, we went over mountains 
10,000 feet high, drawn by double- 
header engines. There are many 
thousand miles of railroads, entering 
every state and exceedingly well con- 
structed. They are managed largely 
by English and Americans. 

The architecture, as portrayed in 
churches, convents, palaces and homes, 
is both Spanish and Oriental. The 
hundreds of churches, built in an 
ornate style of elaborate decoration 

The greatest and most antique 
ruin, showing in a marked degree 
the power of the early races to build 
grandly, is the great pyramid of Cho- 
lula, a few miles from Puebla, (the City 
of the Angels,) and also called the 
Onyx City, from its rich mines of 
the celebrated Mexican onyx. This 
pyramid is built of sun-dried and 
fire- burned brick, twelve by fourteen 
inches in size, its height is 200 feet 
above the plain and coveting an area 
of twenty-three acres — twice as large 
a base as the great pyramid of Cheops 
on the banks of the Nile. It faces the 
four points of the compass, a paved 


; M - 


s./j.;.y-i- __-> ___ *^*,y.-±,l....->. -JT,-. _..-. .,'•" 

Pyramid of Cltoiula 


exist all over Mexico — built, of course, ' 
in honor of, and for worship in the 
Catholic faith. Convents and mon- 
asteries have been erected without 
number; but in recent years, the 
government has confiscated the wealth 
of the churches and turned convents 
and monasteries into public schools. 
The homes of the better class are built 
around a court, or patio, as it is called 
here. Fountains and flowers abound, 
making a most delightful arrange- 
ment for seclusion and rest. The 
adobe houses of the peons, or poorer 
class, are constructed of sun-dried 
clay, are poorly and cheaply made, 
with the earth for a floor, almost win- 
dowless and decidedly cheerless abodes. 

road, with steps of hewn stone, up 
which we walked, leads to the sum- 
mit. The top is one hundred and 
sixty feet square and on it stood a 
magnificent temple dedicated to the 
"God of the Air." Here blazed a 
never-dying fire, fanned by the winds 
of heaven. To this shrine, says the 
old chronicler, ''came the people 
from near and afar to worship," as 
to Rome or to Mecca. 

The sides of the pyramid are now 
overgrown with shrubs and even 
trees, and, at a distance, it has the 
appearance of a natural hill. In the 
place of the old temple stands one 
built by Cortez who, as was his cus- 
tom, destroyed what he found and 


The Granite Monthly 

replaced it with one devoted to the 
Catholic religion. This one which 
is a fine church of noble proportions 
still stands, nearly four hundred years 
old, and is called the Church of Xucs- 
tra Senora de los Remedios. From 
the steps of this edifice and the ground 
adjoining grand views of the city of 
Cholula. the vast plain encircling it 
and of the two principal mountains 
of all Mexico, Popocatepetl and Ix- 
taccihuatl, are to be had. Our school- 
day remembrances recall those almost 
unpronounceable names, then we had 
never expected to look upon their 
grandeur. Today from the top of 
the pyramid, the towers of sixty 
churches can be counted, to express 
the civilization of Cortez' day he wrote 
to Spain that from this height he 
saw 450 towers rising from this sacred 
city of then nearly 400,000 souls. 
The legend is that this was built by 
two giants, survivors of a deluge that 
overspread the whole land. Very 
much the idea of the Tower of Babel, 
raised to save a remnant at least of 
a race from another flood. 

The public schools are located, in 
some cases, in former convents, or 
monasteries. We visited one in the 
city of Silao (See-low), a place of per- 
haps 20,000 population. Passing 
along the street we hear a humming 
noise, and stopping at the door are 
invited in by the gracious lady teacher 
who with smiles and bows conducts 
us to the platform. The little scholars 
were studying out loud, as seemed to 
be their custom; but, putting aside 
their books, they sing to us their 
national hymn with vigor and sweet- 
ness, in the Spanish tongue. The 
superintendent of the building appears 
and in broken Spanish introduced 
himself, saying in a most deferential 
manner, "I am the director of this 
school; you are most welcome; this 
house is yours and I am your obedient 
servant." We were politely shown 
through the different departments of 
the large school and as we took our 
leave he presented each one of us 
with rare specimens of quartz from 
the neighboring mountains. 

From Silao we took a branch of 
. the Mexican Central for Guanajuato, 
(Wan-ah-wah'-to) a word of Toltee 
origin, meaning "Hill of the Frogs," 
where a huge frog, cut in stone, was 
early worshiped. This is one of the 
great mining towns with a popula- 
tion of 40,000. We pass through, 
under and over, in our progress up 
the steep hill, some of the greatest 
silver reduction works in the world. 
As we ride along the scene suggests 
most vividly views in old Palestine. 
Perched on the almost perpendicular 
hillsides are the low, flat, adobe houses 
standing out here and there on some 
jutting crag, where scarcely a goat 
could rest; rising, tier above tier, along 
other parts of the way, occupied by 
the Mexican peons who labor in the 
mines. Along the road which we 
travel by mule car are crowds of peo- 
ple. Burros and carts laden with 
silver ore coming down from the moun- 
tains. Men and burros are the great 
burden bearers of Mexico — men with 
heavy pieces of rock ore, weighing 
several hundred pounds, strapped 
upon their backs, marching in file. 
Also the patient little donkey, loaded 
beyond his own weight with baskets 
of the ore from the mines. On our 
left as we pass are the silver haciendas 
or reduction works, built like an an- 
cient castle with high walls and draw- 
bridges for protection against revolu- 
tions and robbers. We visit one of 
these works and see the pure silver 
reduced from the rough ore. The 
old patio process for the amalga- 
mation of silver, invented in 1557, 
is still the most popular. The ore 
is first crushed by immense stones, 
turned by mules, until it becomes a 
powder; then it is carried by water 
to a paved court yard, or patio. 
When the mass is about two feet 
deep then blue vitriol, salt and quick- 
silver are thrown in. When thus 
ready a herd of mules are driven 
around and constantly around in it, 
from two to four weeks; the amalgam 
sinks; the quicksilver is separated 
by distillation, leaving at the bottom 
blocks of pure silver. It is almost 

Mexico, Old and New 


everywhere done by this old laborious 
process m use for four hundred years, 
by mule and man power. 

This ancient way I was told by the 
manager yields fully as satisfactory 
returns as more modern methods; 
fully as large a percentage of silver 
from each ton of ore and at as small 
a cost. This is undoubtedly owing 
to the meagre pay of forty to sixty 
cents a day paid the workmen, and 
the very few dollars for the cost of 
mules. From 1548 to the present 
over one thousand millions of dollars 

and delicate green stone from the sur- 
rounding mountains. Two noble lions 
in bronze guard the broad entrance. 
The auditorium is very richly and lav- 
ishly decorated in magnificent col- 
orings by Mexico's greatest scenic 
artist, Herrea. Five tiers of galleries 
rise in beautiful curves to the gor- 
geous ceiling, and the appointments 
throughout are of the most luxurious 
character. Throughout this land, 
you will find beautiful and expensive 
theatres in the principal cities, ap- 
proved and fostered by the govern- 



'■SMIL .*;'':'■■-'« 

Statute of Columbus, City of Mexico 

has been produced from these mines 
and they are apparently as rich as 
ever. We later continued on up 
this winding barranca, quaint and 
oriental in every respect, up to the 
city of Guanajuato itself, 6,800 feet 
above sea level. One of the attrac- 
tions, as is true of many of these 
southern cities is the theatre. Juarez 
theatre, in this city, is one of the 
finest in Mexico and probably on this 
continent. I think I have seen only 
one play house that surpassed it — 
the Grand Opera House in Paris. 
It has been only recently completed 
and is in every way of modern con- 
struction, built of a most beautiful 

rnent to offset the brutal bull fights 
which now only the lower classes and 
American tourists attend. For amuse- 
ments other than these the common 
people indulge in cock-fighting and 
gambling; but what they do not have 
is the coarse and most brutal of all 
things, the American prize fight. 

While it was heretofore stated that 
one city like Monterey is typical, in 
many respects, of every other Mexican 
city, yet each has a characteristic of 
its own, also. For instance, Quere- 
taro is the "Opal City.." Opals 
large and small, good and bad, and 
in abundance, are mined and worked 
here. Puebla is the "Onyx City," 


The Granite Monthly 

rich mines of this valuable and semi- 
precious stone being found in its 

San Luis Potosi is the "Silver City" 
the name indicates that it is the "City 
of the Treasure. " The great output 
of silver has been so enormous during 
the last 300 years that even its streets 
might be paved with solid blocks of 
the white metal. 

Durango, the "Iron City/' is lo- 
cated near a mountain of iron enough 
for the world's supply for several 
hundred years. This mount of iron 
is only half a mile from the railroad 
station, and the metal averages 75 
to 90 per cent. pure. 

Leon is the "Leather City" — noted 
for its beautiful work in the magni- 
ficent saddles and bridles that the 
Mexican cavalier loves. so well. The 
Sombrero that may be loaded with 
gold and silver trimmings to cover 
his head, and the Zerape of many 
brilliant colors which he wraps about 
him in true Spanish fashion are also 
manufactured in the little square 
adobe homes of the natives. 

Aquas Calientes — "City of Hot 
Waters" — was another one of our 
many tarrying places. It is noted 
for its delightful hot baths which 
are most refreshing and much 
sought for in this hot and dusty re- 
gion. Our baths were had in one of 
those cleanly but ancient houses that 
look os if they were brought from 
the plains of Palestine.where the water 
bubbles up in small swimming tanks, 
in different apartments at varying 
degrees of temperature. The baths 
are properly named after John the 
Baptist and the Apostles, their names 
are written over the doors "with the 
figures indicating their particular 
amount of heat. A small towel, 
a cotton quilt in which to wrap your- 
self, a bit of good soap, and a wisp 
of the fibre of the maguey plant as 
a wash cloth, are handed you in an 
antique brass basin, as you put down 
your 25 centavos and are shown to 
your room of luxury — it is indeed 
such after a ride of several hundred 
miles through this dusty land. 

Besides its baths the town is noted 
for its beautiful drawn-work. It is 
brought to the train in great variety 
and quality, from the coarse grade 
to the spider-web which is so ruinous 
to the eyes of those who make it. 

The Jardin of San Marco (or Gar- 
den of St. Mark), is a beautiful one, 
with its plants and flowers and trees 
of the southern clime. There are 
numerous churches here, with num- 
berless paintings by old masters, but 
generally hung in a poor light and so 
dim with age that they do not attract 
much attention unless some special' 
one is pointed out. Many of these 
were sent from Spain by Charles the 
Fifth and during succeeding reigns. 

Another interesting city is that of 
Queretaro, (Kay-ret'-aro) from an 
old Indian word "guerenda," a 
rocky peak. This is the ' ' Opai City, ' T 
as before remarked. Nearly every 
person one meets here, man, woman 
or child, has a handful of opals to 
sell. These brilliant little gems are 
of different bright colors, but the 
choicest is the fire-opal which in its 
iridescence contains all the hues of 
the rainbow. A dozen of the pretty 
stones was thrust into our hands as 
we were taking the train for a bit of 
silver we gave in exchange. - It was 
here, in this city, that the Emperor 
Maximilian made his last headquar- 
ters, and from which, as he attempted 
to escape, he was captured and, after 
a court martial, ordered to be executed. 
A couple of miles out from the city, 
on the "Hill of the Bells,/' he and 
his two generals Mijia and Miramon 
were shot at sunrise. As the soldiers 
aimed their guns and the command 
came to fire Maximilian shouted 
"Viva independencia ! Viva Mex- 
ico /" The men fell dead in their 
places and the empire which Napo- 
leon III sought to establish on this 
continent expired at the same moment. 

We present a copy of a photograph, 
taken by the writer, of the Memorial 
Chapel, very recently erected on this 
spot by the x\ustrian government. 
The view from the steps of the Chapel 
is broad and beautiful — the fields of 

Mexico, Old and New 


green in the foreground while in the 
distance rise the towers and domes 
of the city. The body of the Emperor 
Jies with the Hapsburgs in a distant 
land, thousands of miles away from 
this scene, while the two faithful 
generals who died with him lie in the 
cemetery of San Fernando, in the 
City of Mexico. 

One of the objects which meets 
the eye and reminds one of a similar 
work which crosses the Campagna 
at Rome, as you drive out on the 
Appian Way, is the immense stone 
aqueduct, crossing the undulating land 
for some five miles, passing through 
tunnels and again rising in massive 
stone arches nearly one hundred feet 
in height. This expensive work was 
constructed by a single rich Mexican 
citizen, as a gift to his town and his 
statue very properly occupies one of 
the city's plazas. This water from 
the mountains is distributed to sev- 
eral fountains, at various points, and 
is a continual blessing in this dry 
and thirsty land. 

Of Puebla, (Poo-eb'-Iah) the "City 
of the Angels," much could be writ- 
ten of the legend of the vision which 
gave its name; of the vicissitudes of 
war, which, next to the capital, it 
has suffered most in this long-har- 
rassed and overturned country. Of 
the Cathedral of Puebla, however, 
mention should be made. Except 
in point of size I think it is a rival of 
the great Cathedral of the City of 
Mexico and has a finer and more 
beautiful interior. A photograph is 
here reproduced of the high altar, 
the rich carvings which adorn it and 
the noble proportions of the lofty 
arches. As you approach this noble 
structure across the Plaza, you are 
reminded by its lofty twin towers 
of Notre Dame in Paris. The main 
doorway is on the west, between the 
towers, and the altar at the east end, 
as I believe is customary in all of the 
world's great cathedrals. The church 
is 323 feet long, 101 feet wide and the 
ceiling more than 80 feet in height; 
the whole surmounted by a splendid 
dome. The tower contains eighteen 

bells, the largest weighing 20.000 
pounds. The organ is carved in 
native woods, as are the great doors. 
The pulpit is of precious onyx. The 
high altar of every kind of marble 
that can be found in Mexico. There 
are many paintings of sacred events; 
rich tapestries of Flanders presented 
by Charles V.. King of Spain; vest- 
ments of great value in richly carved 
and gilded chests — on the whole a 
wealth of adornment that makes this 
the richest and grandest church on 
the American continent. 

As one finds in Italy that all roads 
finally lead to Rome, "The Eternal 


• :■"..'"■'.. .. 




i ■ . ■ 





r %? 

: k 

I _„ iili-rn— mmm "^ JMm 

. ,„ . •- - -■ • 

I _ " 1 


'''"- *•** 


Maximillian Memorial Chapel, Quetaro 

City," so in Mexico we found that all 
roads led to Mexico City, the oldest 
city in America. It is situated in a 
valley, yet has an elevation above 
the sea of 7,875 feet — about 1,500 
feet higher than the summit of Mount 
Washington. More than 500 years 
ago this was a great city, of a highly 
civilized people, located in the midst 
of lakes. The Aztecs looking for a 
site for their home, saw perched on 
the stem of the prickly cactus on the 
shore of a lake a golden eagle of great 
size and beauty, with a serpent in his 
talons and his wings outstretched 
toward the rising sun. this they took 
for a favorable omen and here they 
remained. This legend is preserved 


The Granite Monthly 

as the emblem of the nation, upon its 
banner of red, white and green. 

The city and the country was called 
Mexico from Mexitli, the war god of 
the Aztecs. For 250 years, the city 
was the largest upon this continent. 
The first houses were of reeds and 
rushes. These were soon supplanted 
by solid structures of stone. 

Magnificent temples and palaces 
were erected resembling a city of the 
East. Mexico City is in the Federal 
District and is governed as is Wash- 
ington, by the National Congress. 
Facing the Plaza Mayor, or principal 
park, the first object in this city of 
400,000 people to claim one's atten- 
tion is the great cathedral which was 
about 100 years in building, from the 
16th to 17th century. The mighty 
edifice is of stone, 400 feet long, 177 
feet wide, and 179 feet from the tiled 
floor to the roof — 19 feet higher than 
the ceiling of Cologne Cathedral. 
The twin towers rise 203 feet. There 
are fourteen chapels connected wyth 
the building. Its cost was many 
millions. We entered its portals on 
a Sunday morning, but the throng 
was so great and the smoke of the 
burning incense with the dust-loaded 
air was so stifling that we made a 
quick retreat into the clear air and 
bright sunshine. This church is 
erected on the very foundations of 
the sacrificial temple of Montezuma. 

Of the National Library and its 
treasures; of the School of Fine Arts; 
the National Museum with its fine 
collections of antiquities of special 
interest, which we would like to speak 
of, the various schools and colleges; 
hospitals and numerous and interest- 
ing churches and palaces, parks and 
monuments, space permits no mention 
arid a brief wrd only as to the 
National Palace on the main plaza, 
built on the site of the palace of 
Montezuma, which was destroyed by 
Cortez and another erected by him 
which gave way in 1692 to the begin- 
ning of the present "new palace" 
675 feet long. Occupied by the de- 
partments of government, it is not the 

residence of the President. That is 
at the Castle of Chapultepec, on the 
"Hill of the Grasshopper." This 
royal abode is some two miles from the 
city and is approached by the grand 
avenue De la Reforma, planned by 
the Empress Carlotta, wife of Maxi- 
millian. Many monuments and stat- 
ues, amid the overhanging trees, 
adorn this great highway from the 
Capitol to the Palace, now the White 
House of Mexico. The statue of 
Columbus, erected in a glorieta on 
this thoroughfare, claims attention 
as the first one erected on the conti- 
nent which he discovered. It is a 
fine piece of work, of Cordier's, 
placed here by the generosity of a 
wealthy Mexican. The base is of 
a dark stone, with lamps at each 
comer. Resting . on this is a mas- 
sive block of red marble orna- 
mented by exquisite sculpture on its 
four sides, representing important 
events in Columbus' fife, above these, 
life-size figures in bronze, and sur- 
mounting the whole, the statue of 
the great discoverer drawing the veil 
that hides the new world. A view 
of this work of art, in the capital of 
the nation, is here given. At the 
foot of the rocky hill we pass through 
a grove of ancient cypress trees and 
note especially the "Tree of Monte- 
zuma," 60 feet in circumference and 
said to be at least 1,600 years old. 
Beneath the tree Montezuma wept 
at the loss of his empire, 

This great building, on this superb 
site, has the appointments of regal 
magnificence. The Spanish vice- 
roys of olden time, emperors of later 
days, and the president of the pres- 
ent, have added to its size and to 
its beauty. The fittings of the apart- 
ments are on a royal scale. The in- 
closed piazzas are a dream in Vene- 
tian glass, representing in groups of 
female figures, which cost $85,000 in 
gold, the four seasons with their fruits 
and flowers. The onyx bath-rooms 
were a revelation of imperial mag- 

One of the world's greatest views — 

Mexico, Old and New 


/i&jL, ru_:. '..Jkn-i"-* 




Interior of Puebla Cathedral, The Grand Altar 

and I have looked upon many through- 
out different portions of this earth — 
is to be had from the terraces of this 
home of the kings, emperors and pres- 
idents of the last 1,000 years. Moun- 
tains, plains, the great valley of Mex- 
ico and the noble city itself, the battle 

fields of Molino Del Rey and Cheru- 
busco of 1847, are in the foreground, 
while the grand mountains which so 
often greet you push their white 
crowns into the deep blue of the 
sky as a setting for this glorious 


By Rogers 

I hate them, abhor them, detest them, 
Xo, I haven't put it one bit too strong, 

Singing, whining, sighing around 
Half of the day and all night long. 

If they would simply come and light, 
And very respectfully take a bite, 
And then quietly get right out, 
There wouldn't be so much to kick about. 

There are other things that aren't perfection 
And will hardly bear a close inspection; 
I don't like a spider, a flea or a bee, 
But from a mosquito, dear Lord, deliver me. 


By Rev. J. A. Ross 

[In view of the publication, in the last two numbers of the Granite Monthly, of an extended article on the noted 
Rev. Stephen Bachiler, the venerable first pastor of the church in Hampton, the presentation at this time of u history 
of that church — the oldest in the state — for the first 250 years of its existence seems most appropriate. This is 
condensed from a sermon, preached on the occasion of the 250th anniversary of the church, August 19, 1888.] 

In September of 1638, the fifty-six 
original settlers laid out the township 
of Winnicunett, and organized, or may 
be continued the organization of, 
the oldest church in Xew Hampshire, 
with Stephen Bachiler as pastor. The 
name seems to have been changed to 
Hampton on June 6, 1639. I should 
like to give here a paper probably 
written by Father Bachiler, but it is 
too long. Instead I will give a short 
extract from Johnson's Wonderful 
Working Providence: — After stating 
that Hampton had her foundation 
stone "scituate not farre from the 
famous river of Merrimack,'' and that 
"the great store of salt marsh did 
intice the people to set down their 
habitations there, having about four 
hundred and fifty head of cattle," 
the writer proceeds, "and for the 
form of the town it is like a Flower 
de luce, two streets of houses wheeling 
off from the main body thereof; the 
land is fertile, but filled with swamps 
and some store of rocks, the people 
are about sixty families; being gath- 
ered in church covenant, they called 
to office the reverend, grave and 
gracious Mr. Dalton, having also for 
some little space of time the more 
ancient Mr. Bachiler to preach unto 
them also." 

Thus the church is planted in the 
wilderness. But a place is needed in 
which to meet for worship. Before 
their own homes were finished the 
little ' log meeting-house went upon 
the Ring, near where 'Mr. Holmes now 
lives. And the bell must have sum- 
moned the worshipers, for at the 
second town meeting of which we 
have any record, "on the 22nd of 
the 9th mo., 1639," we find this 
vote: "Win. Sanborne (with his con- 

sent) is appointed to ring the Bell be- 
fore the meetings (^on the Lords's 
dayes and other dayes) for which 
he is to have 6d. per lott of every 
one having a lott within the Towne." 
How strange the sound of the bell, 
startling the echoes amid the 
pine woods, and. rolling across the 
marshes! How. sweet the sound to 
the early settlers in the wilderness! 
Memories of home were in it. It 
recalled the green lanes of old Eng- 
land, and the ivy-covered churches 
where namy of them had plighted 
their marriage vows, and some had 
left their dead. But we hear no word 
of repining from these brave men and 
true women. And a worthier home 
for the worship of their God must be 
built. In a town meeting of the 
following year it was voted, That 
Richard Knight build a "meeting- 
house frame 40 foot long, & 22 foot 
wide, with ye studdes, 13 foot high 
(between joynte) 8or 9 inches broad, 
and 18 inches only betwixt studd & 
studd with girt windows & a place 
for the Bell (now given by ye reverend 
pastor) 5 or 6 beams; 5 or 6 pair of 
principal rafters, & the rest answer- 
able, to be payed, the one halfe in 
money or work by the tyme the 
frame is up, and the other halfe in 
money or beasts (at reasonable prices) 
within one year after." At a town 
meeting one year after this, ''agree- 
ment is made to defray the charge of 
ye meeting-house by voluntary gifte." 
And although not completed in 1644, 
it must have been occupied in 1640, 
for we read then of the porch being 
used as a watch-house. 

It was a plain building, without 
chimney or stove, at first without 
galleries, with a pulpit, and may be 

History of the Congregational Church in Hampton 

a pew for the minister, with unen- 
closed seats, probably without backs, 
where the men and women sat apart, 
and the young people sat by them- 
selves, and the services of the tything 
man were needed to keep them in 
order. The prayers and sermons were 
long. But the people met for worship. 
They believed in a God who was ever 
with them, and ordered all the events 
of their lives. With fervor they sang 
from Dunster's Psalms. Devoutly 
they stood through the long prayer. 
With patience, if not always with 
profit, they listened to the always 
doctrinal, but not always practical, 
sermon, and during the week dis- 
cussed its teachings in the field and 
by the fireside. We will not look too 
closely into the causes of the fierce 
quarrel between Father Bachiler and 
his colleague, Teacher Dalton. They 
were both men of high temper and 
stubborn will. Father Bachiler was 
deposed and ey communicated, left 
Hampton in 1647, married a third 
wife when eighty-nine years old, and 
returned to England in 1650. where 
he married again, his third wife being 
still living. The chronicler quaintly 
adds, "How much longer he lived, and 
how many more wives he married is 
unknown." He died at Hackney, 
near London, in his hundredth year. 
With Father Bachiler was associated 
as teacher Timothy Dalton, one of 
the original settlers. After Father 
Bachiler's departure he seems to have 
had a fairly quiet and prosperous 
ministry. The meeting-house was 
completed during his ministry. He 
had a farm of 300 acres, and for some 
years at least a salary of forty pounds. 
After 1652, he seems to have received 
no salary, and, probably owing to 
failing health, performed no pastoral 
or ministerial work, although retain- 
ing the title and (I think) the official 
authority until his death, December 
28, 1661. Rather singular duties were 
expected of ministers in those days. 
At different times he was chosen with 
two others "to sett the bonds between 
Hampton and Colchester" (now Sal- 
isbury), with five others "to go and 

view the highways towards Colches- 
ter," and "on a committee to confer 
about a ferri-plaee." Teacher Dalton 
was a more consistent man than his 
first colleague, but 1 think not so able 
a man, nor so unselfish. He seemed 
to know how to look out for himself, 
and acquired considerable property. 
Still we find him relinquishing four 
years' salary which the town owed 
him, and his famous Deed, from 
which came the ministerial fund, was 
partly gift. "He conveyed by this 
Deed to the church and town of 
Hampton for use of the ministry for- 
ever, certain portions of his land for 
the sum of 200 pounds sterling." 
Pie was an able theologian, strictly 
orthodox, and somewhat intolerant. 
He had a keen eye for Quakers and 
witches, although not directly con- 
cerned in the persecution of Eunice 
Cole. Johnson sings of him: 

"Age crownes thy head, in righteousness proceed 
To batter down, root up and quite destroy 
AH Heresies and Errors that draw back 

Unto perdition, and Christ's folks annoy." 

What is mortal of him rests in 
yonder cemetery. Peace be to his 
ashes. He laid a foundation stone 
in this venerable church. I would 
lay my tribute wreath on his tomb- 
stone, if I could only find it. Is it 
not somewhat to our shame that the 
tombstones of these fathers of the 
church and town are lying neglected, 
and hidden by the rank grass? 

But how did the strictly orthodox 
Dalton get along with his somewhat 
heretical colleague, John Wheelwright? 
It seems to me that there must have 
been, friction between men of such 
positive characters as they both were, 
and so divergent in theological opin- 
ion. In those days men contended 
rather too earnestly for what they 
were pleased to call the faith once 
delivered to the saints. Of course 
they were "the saints." Wheelwright 
was brother-in-law of the famous Mrs. 
Hutchinson of Boston, and shared to 
some extent her views, If he did not, 
as she did, claim immediate revela- 
tion as the guide of his conduct, nor 


The Granite Monthly- 

denounce in equally extravagant 
terms the magistrates and ministers, 
he had very little respect for author- 
ity, civil or ecclesiastical, and in his 
doctrine of the indwelling of the Holy 
Spirit came perilously near to fan- 
aticism, and pushed his doctrine 
of justification to the verge of anti- 
nomianism. When Mrs. Hutchinson 
was banished from the colony and 
went to Rhode Island, he withdrew 
to Exeter and formed a settlement 
and a church there. His claim to 
Winnie unett, founded on a grant from 
Indians, was rightfully disallowed by 
the General Court of Massachusetts. 
We next find him at Wells, in the 
province of Maine. The General 
Court having removed the sentence 
of disability on the acknowledgment 
of his errors, he was -called to Hamp- 
ton, then claimed by Massachusetts. 
The call is a curiosity. I should like 
to give it in full, if I had time. The 
good people of Hampton were evi- 
dently somewhat afraid of his love 
of change or aptness to stir up strife. 
They frame the call with all the care- 
fulness and minute particularity of 
a legal document. Mr. Wheelwright 
is offered free transportation from 
Wells to Hampton, 40 pounds per 
year, a house and house-lot, and 
"the farm that was Mr. Baehiler's." 
To raise the salary it was voted: 
"Every "master of a familie shall pay 

5 shillings to the some of 40 pounds, 

6 be more or lesse, according as the 
some or somes of the rates are, & all 
single-men, which goeth at ther owne 
hand, ore that taketh anye wages for 
themselves, they shall likewise paye 
o^shillings as aforesaid." "Then what 
remaineth shall be raised upon the 
estate of every person equally, accord- 
ing to that they do possesse — be it in 
houses, land, cattle, boates, or other- 
wise, excepting only ther corne, which 
shall goe rate-free." A like salary 
was at the same time voted to 
Teacher Dalton. 

It is not certain when he left Hamp- 
ton. He was here in 1654, for in 
December of that year it was voted 
that 10 pounds be added to 

his salary. This year is noted for 
the remarkable hail-storm. The 
storm was in June. In some places, 
the hail lay twelve inches deep, ''and 
was not all dissolved 2 days after the 
storme, in many places, as we are 
informed by many eye-witnesses, and 
many of which haile were said to be 
3 or 4 inches in length." I infer from 
the record of a town-meeting held 
December, 1656, that he was then 
about leaving, or that there was 
trouble between him and Mr. Dalton. 
But the vote is so ambiguously worded 
that no positive statement can be 
ventured on it. In 165S he was in 
England, and in high favor with Oliver 
Cromwell, who said that, when he 
and Wheelwright were fellow-students 
at Cambridge, he was more afraid of 
meeting him at football than he was 
afterwards of meeting an army in the 
field. He returned to this country, 
and died in Salisbury in 1679, be- 
tween 80 and 90 years of age. 

Mr. Wheelwright's successor and 
Mr. Dalton's next colleague, Rev. 
Seaborn Cotton, so called because 
born at sea, inherited all the stiff 
Calvinism of his father, the famous 
John Cotton of Boston. Mr. Cotton 
was installed pastor in 1660 or there- 
abouts, two years after that unsea- 
sonably cold weather that came on 
after the apple trees were in blossom 
— the change in temperature so sud- 
den, and the cold so severe that "in 
a fishing boat belonging to Hampton 
one man died before he could reach 
the shore, another was so chilled that 
he died in a few days, and a third 
lost his feet." His salary was fixed 
at 60 pounds. He had also a house 
given him, and a farm of 200 acres 
laid out at Hogpen Plain. In those 
days young people did not behave so 
well during services as they do now. 
At a town meeting in 1663: — "Itt is 
ordered thatt two of the inhabitanc 
of the towne shall sitt in the gallery to 
keepe the youth in order in the time 
of publick exercises to see that they 
keepe their plases & sitt orderly & 
inofensavely." At a town meeting 
in June, 1675, it was voted, — That all 

History of the Congregational Church in Hampton 


the inhabitants over twenty meet at 
the ringing of the bell to assist in 
raising the new nieeting-honse, and 
a fine of twelvepence in money is to be 
imposed on all who "faile of appear- 
ance." It was some years before the 
meeting-house was finished. In 1679 
we find a vote for seating the people 
in the new meeting-house, so that it 
must have been then occupied. In 
16S0 it was voted that the old meeting- 
house be taken down. The heathen, 
as our fathers termed the Indians, 
were now making trouble, for in 16S9 
"it was voted that all those which 
were willing to make a fortification 
about the meeting House to Secure 
themselves and their families from the 
Violence of the Heathen they shall 
have free libertie to doe it." Captain 
Samuel Sherburne was the first man 
to whom was granted liberty to build 
a pew for his family in the meeting- 
house, "provided," the record char- 
acteristically reads, kt he builds it not 
so high as Mr. Cotton's seat is built." 
This was in 1687. The minister was 
then the great man. He was king in 
his, Jerusalem. To him the boys took 
off their hats, and the girls courtesied, 
and from his lips was received the law 
as well as the gospel. 

Eunice Cole, of whose exploits as a 
witch tradition has so much to say, 
was a sad trial to Mr. Cotton, who 
inherited' all his father's abhorrence 
of witchcraft, and a continual vexa- 
tion to the town. Miserable must 
have been her death, alone and unat- 
tended in her wretched hut on the 
Ring; and melancholy her funeral, 
her body hustled without religious 
service into a hole near by, with a 
stake driven through it to which was 
attached a horse-shoe. About the 
same time the following shameful 
warrant was directed to the constables 
of several towns, and executed in 
Hampton and other places: — "You 
and every one are required, in the 
King's Majestie's name, to take those 
vagabond Quakers, Anna Coleman, 
Mary Tompkins, and Anne Ambrose, 
and making them fast to the cart's 
tail and drawing the cart through 

your several towns, to whip them on 
their naked backs not exceeding ten 
stripes apiece on each of them in each 
town, and so convey them from 
Constable to Constable till they are 
out of this jurisdiction, as you will 
answer at your peril, and this shall 
be your warrant." 

Mr. Cotton died pastor of this 
church, April 19, 1686, at the carn- 
age of fifty. He was the author of 
a catechism not now extant and is 
described in Mather's Magnalia 
as *'a thorough scholar and able 
preacher." He certainly was a hard 
working minister, delivering well 
studied sermons on the Sabbath, 
calling the young people about him 
for frequent catechising, and visiting 
among the families of his iloek. Also 
a doughty fighter of the Ar mini an 
heresy and zealous for the truth as 
he understood it. If he did flee to 
Boston to escape imprisonment, he 
was no coward. If he did bend to 
the storm, he was not a reed shaken 
in the wind. Should the storm blow 
too fiercely he would stand firm, and 
rather be uprooted and laid prostrate 
like one of the Hampton pines by the 
strong wind than deny the faith. He 
left a list of the names of sixty-eight 
members of the church. 

His successor was his son, John 
Cotton. He was ordained pastor of 
the church November 19, 1696, ten 
years after the death of his father, but 
was acting pastor some time before 
his ordination. In 1694 the town 
voted a salary to our present minister, 
Mr. John Cotton. The vote is some- 
what of a curiosity. I give it as 
recorded: "The Town will give our 
present minister, Mr. John Cotton, 
Eighty-five pounds a year for his 
paynes in the work of the ministry 
amongst us to be paid every half year 
in Wheat five shillings pr bushel, 
Indian Corn three shillings pr bushel, 
Mault and Rye at four shillings per 
bushell, pork at threepence per pound, 
all marchble and good over and 
beside the contribution every quarter 
formerly agreed upon, and the use 
and benefit of the House land and 


The Granite Monthly 

Meadow that is appointed for the 
Ministry. And the Town to maintain 
the outside fence of said land and 
Meadow, and besides what the Towne 
shall see case to doc for him in wood 
towards maintaining; his hers." The 
church was in a sad state of spiritual 
decline when Mr. Cotton became its 
pastor. Only twenty-five members, 
ten male and fifteen female. During 
his pastorate of thirteen years two 
hundred and twenty were added to the 
church. In 1698 fourteen were dis- 
missed to join the church in Exeter. 
The congregation must have grown, 
as there was a demand for more seats 
in the meeting-house. Discipline was 
enforced, and active measures were 
taken to bring the young people to a 
sense of their covenant obligations. 
In 1704 it was voted, — "That the 
Present Selectmen take care that all 
the Clay Walls in the Meeting House 
that are not ceiled shall be Smoothed 
over with Clay and Washed with 
White Lime & made Hansom," "to 
have the flore over Beams of sd Meet- 
ing House covered with Bords, and 
these, bords that are Seasoned Joynted 
& nay led Down." A parsonage was 
built, and the fortification was re- 
moved from the meeting-house. There 
seems to have been a general waking 
up. The life that cometh down out 
of heaven was astir in this church. 
From these scattered farm-houses 
they crowded the roads that led to 
the Ring, and fervent prayers were 
answered, and discouraged, and al- 
most despairing, souls were lightened, 
and eyes dim with watching again 
saw the salvation of the Lord. The 
able preacher and faithful pastor, 
maybe worn out by overmuch work, 
died suddenly March 27, 1710, at the 
early age of fifty-two. During his 
ministry 320 were admitted to full 
communion, and there were about 
975 baptisms. 

His successor, Rev. Nathaniel Goo- 
kin, who had married his daughter, 
was ordained pastor November 14, 
1710. At a town meeting held in 
April, 1710, quite a number dissented 
from the vote to hire a minister for 

the town for reasons which do not 
appear on the record. The pros- 
perity of the church continued under 
the earnest labors of this excellent 
man. Although, besides the ordinary 
losses, in 1711 forty-nine members 
were dismissed to form the church in 
Kingston, and in 1726 twenty to join 
the new church in Rye, at his death 
the church numbered two hundred 
and fifty-three members. A new 
meeting-house was also built. It was 
voted that it be built on "ye meeting- 
house green as near ye present meet- 
ing-house as shall be judged conve- 
nient"; and that "it be built 60 feet 
in Length & 46 in width and 27 feet 
in stude between joints, and yt a 
steeple or Turret be built to the house 
at one end thereof from ye beam up- 
ward of convenient and suitable big- 
ness & heidth to said house, and that 
there shall be one pew in sd house, 
& that for the minister's family." By 
a subsequent vote these dimensions 
were slightly changed to make "it 
more proportionate and hansomer." 
The old meeting-house was to be sold 
for the benefit of Mr. Gookin. On 
October 18, 1719, the new meeting- 
house was occupied for the first time. 
Mr. Gookin died August 25, 1734, at 
the early age of forty-eight. "Learned, 
prudent, pious, and very much loved," 
a contemporary writer describes him, 
"excelling as preacher and divine." 

Mr. Ward Cotton was chosen to 
assist Mr. Gookin, who was in feeble 
health, and was ordained a few months 
previous to his death June 19, 1734. 
The salary finally voted by the town 
was: — 100 pounds in paper money, 
and 20 pounds in provisions; after 
four years five pounds to be added 
annually till the salary amounted to 
120 pounds in money and 20 pounds 
in provisions, the use of the parsonage, 
hay and land sufficient to keep two 
or three cows and a horse, and the 
necessary fire-wood. During his min- 
istry 437 members were added to the 
church, and there were about 1,200 
baptisms. In 1738 we have the first 
record of a contribution for Home 
Missions. The meeting-house was 

History of the Congregational Church in Hampton 


repaired and a new steeple built, four 
new flagons and four cups purchased 
for communion purposes, and other 
improvements made. One sad event 
happened then, the terrible throat 
distemper, which first appeared at 
Kingston, in May, 1735, and "ravaged 
from Pemaquid to Carolina." '"The 
general discription of it is a swelled 
throat, with white or ash-colored 
specks, an efflorescence on the skin, 
great debility of the whole system, 
and a strong tendency to putridity." 
fifty-five children died of it in this 
parish, in the second parish (Hamp- 
ton Falls) where it was specially fatal, 
it carried away one-sixth of the inhab- 
itants within thirteen months. This 
was a time of much spiritual prosper- 
ity and readiness for the work. But 
a dark cloud gathered on the clear sky. 
The pastor became physically infirm, 
and, maybe in consequence of this 
infirmity, lapsed into sad immorality. 
A council was called, and he was dis- 
missed November 12, 1765. At a meet- 
ing held June, 1776, it is recorded, 
— "In consequence of Mr. Cotton's 
confession — Voted, to receive Mr. 
Ward Cotton to the Charitable Com- 
munion of this Church as a Brother 
in Communion with us." But he did 
not again become its pastor. 

Before the next pastor was settled, 
on June 14, 1776, Deacon Joshua Lane 
was killed by lightning on his door- 
step. A more terrible storm now 
swept the whole country, but the 
church kept on the even tenor of her 
way. You would not know from the 
church records that now the war for 
our National Independence was being 
waged. Rev. PCbenezer Thayer suc- 
ceeded Mr. Cotton, and was ordained 
September 17, 1776. There was some 
opposition to his settlement. The 
church then consisted of two hun- 
dred and sixty-four members. It 
grew amid the storm. During Mr. 
Thayer's pastorate one hundred and 
two were added to the church. The 
meeting-house was renovated, new 
pews added, and seats made for the 
singers. A parsonage was also built. 
One of the most important occur- 

rences of Mr. Thayer's ministry was 
the change of hymn books. Up to 
this time the book used was the Bay 
State Psalm Book as improved by 
Henry Dunster, First President of 
Harvard College, in conjunction with 
Richard Lvon. It was voted at town 

meeting, January 17, 1' 

'To ex- 

change Dunster's Version of Psalms 
for Doctr Wattses Psalms and 
Hymns." Mr. Thayer preached on 
Sabbath, and died next day, Novem- 
ber 6, 1792. The town paid his fu- 
neral expenses, and gave a gratuity to 
his widow. He was a man of singu- 
lar purity of life and singleness of 
purpose; yielding and yet manly; a 
lover of peace, without any sacri- 
fice of dignity. 

After Mr. Thayer's death an un- 
fortunate division rent the church. 
As far back as 1712 we find Presby- 
terian tendencies. They now come 
to the surface. After unsuccessful 
attempts to settle Nathaniel Thayer, 
Daniel Dana, and Jonathan Brown, 
the town voted at a meeting held 
October 19, 1795, "to give Mr. Wil- 
liam Pidgin a call to settle in this town 
according to the Presbyterian form 
of church government." The vote 
stood 63 for, 20 against. As the town 
could not, according to Congrega- 
tional usage, settle a minister without 
the consent of the church, and as a 
vote for the call of Mr. Pidgin, was 
negatived by the church, this was 
a necessary step if he was to be- 
come the minister of Hampton. The 
church held a meeting on the same 
day, and adjourned to the 27th, when 
At was voted, "Not to give Mr. Wil- 
liam Pidgin a call to settle with us." 
Mr. Pidgin addresses his acceptance 
of the call "To the Presbyterian 
Church & Society in Hampton." At 
a church meeting held January, 1797, 
a unanimous call was voted to Jesse 
Appleton, who was ordained Feb- 
ruary 22. Then began the angry 
controversy and lawsuits, into the 
history of which I have not time to 
enter. A sad cloud rests on Mr. 
Pidgin's character. Under the wise 
and judicious leadership of their 


The Granite Monthly 

talented pastor the Congregational 
Society prospered. Being ousted from 
the old meeting-house they built a new 
meeting-house in 1797 (our present 
town house), and dedicated it Novem- 
ber 14th of that year. On Novem- 
ber 10, 1S07, Mr. Applet on was 
dismissed to assume the presidency 
of Bowdoin College, and the old diffi- 
culty seemed healed only to break 
out in another shape. 

The Presbyterians returned to the 
old church, and the reunited church 
used the new meeting-house. Rev. 
Josiah YvVoster was installed pastor 
June 8, 1808. The town voted him 
a salary of $525, and the use of ''the 
house parsonage.''' Mr. Webster was 
as upright in character as in person; 
scorning to do anything mean or dis- 
honorable; an untiring worker in all 
moral and religious reform; a diligent 
pastor and able preacher; earnest in 
revival work, treating opponents with 
manly frankness and Christian cour- 
tesy; maintaining his own opinions 
without regard to consequences, and 
giving respectful attention to the 
opinions of others. He was a leader 
in the temperance movement, when 
it cost something to be a temperance 
worker. By vote of the church 
October 4, 1835, the use of ardent 
spirits was prohibited to church mem- 
bers. There was but one vote in the 
negative. The first Sunday School 
was organized during his pastorate in 
1818, and three years later the first 
Sunday School librarv was introduced. 

On March 31, 1825, the present 
articles of faith and covenant were 
adopted, "former attempts to % adopt 
articles having failed, but" as the 
record reads, ''God has produced a 
mighty change within the last 17 
years." Stoves were introduced by 
a vote of the town in 1821. The stove 
was so to be placed "as not to injure 
the meeting-house, or any person who 
sits therein." Mr. Webster was an 
earnest worker in revival efforts; but, 
strange to say, there was much oppo- 
sition in the church to special efforts 
and revival work. But he persevered 
in face of opposition, and much suc- 

cess attended his labors. There was 
a marked work of grace in 1819, and 
thirty-four members were added to 
the church. In the long and bitter 
controversy with the Baptist Society 
respecting the ministerial fund, and 
which resulted in the separation of the 
town from the church, Mr. Webster 
never stooped to take an unfair 
advantage, and this cannot be said 
of all the parties to this strife. At 
the March town meeting 1835, it 
was voted, "That Mr. Webster be 
no longer minister of the town, 
and that the Ministerial funds be 
divided." To this vote the select- 
men of the Congregational Society 
objected. The controversy was sub- 
stantially settled by a division of the 
fund among the three Societies in 
1836, though the echoes of the strife 
lingered about three years longer. In 
1844 the old meeting-house became 
the town house. Mr. Webster died 
March 27, 1837. During his ministry 
one hundred and seventy members 
were admitted to the church. In 
yonder cemetery a granite shaft fitly 
symbolizes the strong and upright 
character of him whose dust rests 

I can merely glance at his successors, 
confining myself to the installed 
pastors. Erasmus D. Eldredge was 
called to the pastorate in 1838, and 
dismissed because of failing health 
in 1849. During his ministry the 
building we now occupy was built. 
Under his faithful labors one hundred 
and fourteen members were received 
on profession of faith. His successor, 
Rev. Solomon P. Fay, was ordained 
in 1849. The church was then on a 
sea of troubles, but the skilful pilot 
at the helm brought her safely 
through. At this critical period of her 
history it was well for the church that 
there stood in her pulpit one who was 
so able a preacher, and so wise and 
judicious a pastor. Mr. Fay was 
dismissed August 29, 1854. Rev. 
John Colby became pastor of the 
church in October, 1855, and was 
dismissed in November, 1863. The 
next settled pastor, Rev. John W. 

History of the Congregational Church in Hampton 


Dodge, was installed October 19, 1865, 
and dismissed November IS, 186S. 
His labors here were abundantly 
blessed, and many members were 
added to the church. After being 
about a year acting pastor, Rev. James 
McLean was installed December 15, 
1870, and was dismissed after a short, 
somewhat troubled, but on the whole 
successful pastorate of one year. The 
next pastor of this church, Rev. Wal- 
cott 'W. Fay, was ordained February 
20, 1884, and dismissed November 26, 
1S86. The unbroken harmony of the 
church and frequent additions to its 
membership during this short pas- 
torate testify to the successful labors 
of this young, energetic, and talented 
minister, whose worth the churches 
are now finding out. 

This brings the history of the church 
down to the present time. It has now 

13G resident members. 49 males, and 
87 females. The little sapling has 
grown to be a great tree. The little 
congregation, that met in the rude 
log meeting-house two hundred and 
fifty years ago, has continued its 
unbroken history, the oldest church 
in New Hampshire, down to this 
year of grace. 1888. Many changes- 
have taken place. The pine forests 
of Winnicunett have been cut down. 
The Indian wigwams have vanished. 
Productive farms and comfortable 
homes have displaced the wilderness. 
The old landmarks are disappearing. 
Meeting-houses have been built, and 
taken down and rebuilt. Creeds have 
changed; and new modes of worship 
crowded out the old. But the church 
remains the same, because her founda- 
tion is He who is the same yesterday, 
today and forever. 


By William Wilson 

She was a fragile ship — 

A butterfly afloat; 
Proudly she rode the waves 

When lo! the Storm King smote. 

Howling through the rigging, 

Screaming fore and aft; 
Storm voice growing hoarser 

Driving Hope abaft. 

Now, all torn to ribbons, — 
Sails enshroud the mast; 

Bursting o'er the halyards 
Breakers boom and blast. 

Water quakes with passion, 
High the frail ship flies, 

Like a tattered banner 
Hanging from the skies. 

Plunging down the canyons, 
Eternally from view. 

Back home another ship 
Is listed '-Over Due. 7 ' 

/ 'Ai 


Father of the Modern Industrial System of Dover 
By Lydia A. Stevens 

If it were with a light purse that 
■John Williams stepped into old 
Dover's little activities, it was with 
■a light heart also. He had youth, 
strength, action, ambition, deeds to 
do, and a fortune to make. 

Principally to him the Dover of 
today is indebted tor its most enduring 
form of business. Though bank- 
ruptcy waited on his efforts, he 
founded an employment in his adopted 
town which has given support to vast 
numbers of its inhabitants, and for a 
for a long time advanced the prosperity 
of all its citizens. The story of this 
forecasting promoter is the story of 
the cotton cloth industry in Dover. 

Brief, dry, and not altogether 
trustworthy accounts of the man are 
found in old letters, and tales come 
to hand that were originally told by 
men he had ruined. The last gener- 
ation of Dover people knew every- 
thing in the old story, and some knew 
it all too well, Now that four score 
years have slipped away, possibly 
some refutations, at least explana- 
tions, may be set up. In business, 
unlike morals, success frequently 
makes right, and failure wrung. Wil- 
liams staked all, lost, was fiercely be- 
labored, died of a broken heart — and 
a thankless community has profited. 

The stockholders in his enterprises 
certainly incurred heavy losses, but it 
does not appear that lie was solely a 
hard and clever man, disregarding 
alike truth and probity, bent on de- 
ceiving easily imposed upon people, 
as his co-workers, if allowed to speak, 
would probably assert. His spectac- 
ular failure was an incident, and no 
general deductions should be drawn 
from it. All that need be said is that 
he was a huge mountain of strength, 
with finely chorded nerves and steely 
self-control, potentiated by cerebral 
dynamite. He was not a self-oiled 

talking-machine, but he had no diffi- 
culty in making others talk whether 
they wanted to or not. It is remem- 
bered that he rarely started conver- 
sation, and was chiefly noticeable for 
the terseness of his replies, always apt, 
forceful, and curiously touched by 
fervor. Add to these qualities deep- 
seated optimism, and we have John 
Williams, the strongest Dover person- 
ality of modern times. 

We hear of him first as a trader in 
Dover. This was about 1807. His 
store was on the Landing, nearly 
opposite the Ela building. It was a 
wooden structure, long and narrow 
with a tenement above. A part of 
the old building, dilapidated and 
weather scarred, remains on the site. 
For purposes of trade, the Landing 
then occupied an enviable position. 
Except at Portsmouth, nowhere in 
the state could the products of the 
world be more economically exchanged 
over counters. The navigable river 
debouched into a good harbor, and 
communication was not difficult with 
the interior by lake, stream, valley 
and passable road. The full resources 
of the locality were far from being 
developed. To make the Landing 
the trade-divide of sea and interior 
was Williams' first scheme. He set 
about the prosecution of his design 
with a directness that became a matter 
of astonishment to all observers. 

He sold English goods, taking pay 
chiefly in food-stuff and timber, which 
he turned to good profit. He also 
disposed of great quantities of cognac, 
Holland and Jamaica spirits at whole- 
sale. His rivals were Joseph Smith, 
who built the brick house on the Turn- 
pike afterward owned by the late 
Benjamin Collins; Samuel Wiggin, 
opposite Captain Wentworth's board- 
ing house; and Col. Stephen Evans 
of Main Street, Revolutionary soldier. 

John Williams 


Although Williams was selling an 
immense amount of raw material 
beyond sea, and scattering store- 
goods broadcast far to the north, and 
though he had the best store for local 
wants, situated in the busiest part of 
the town, he was not contented. He 
was impatient of the slow processes 
of trade. Because there was no other 
promising way open to him, he kept 
on and put by money. Yet even in 
this calling he was not a plodder along 
prescribed paths. Country stores in 

the pungent fume of tropical spices, 
as pimento, cloves, nutmeg, mace, 
ginger, pepper, curry, and the com- 
mingled scents of tea, coffee, sugar, 
dates, figs, lemons, strong waters, 
fragrant tobacco, of cured fish, of new 
cloth, tar, cordage and canvas. The 
wharves, warehouses, gondolas, and 
sea-going packets were encumbered by 
his goods. The traffic was enormous, 
and the strenuous proprietor, always 
courteous and obliging, furnished the 
how and the way for it — the some- 


John Williams 

those days differed but little. Wil- 
liams' place, however, was more pre- 
tentious than those of his contempo- 
raries. It was low-ceiled, filled to 
orderly confusion, and the nooks and 
corners never felt the light; but there 
was something about the welcome, 
management and atmosphere that 
brought a genuine feeling of rest, 
security and contentment to towns- 
men and strangers. 

Tradition says it had the aromatic 
•smell of a typical West Indian shop, 

thing which drove through seeming 
confusion to success. The noise of 
the river-front came in by the rear 
door and windows, and the hurly- 
burly of ox-wains, drays, and ship- 
chandler carts assailed customers on 
the street, but through it all came a 
steady procession of purchasers, en- 
larging daily the proprietor's field of 

At this time the Landing was Dover. 
It furnished the nerves and arteries 
of the old town. About Tuttle Square 


The Granite Monthly 

there were thin jgroups of buildings, a 
few* farm houses near Garrison Hill, 
but westward they were diffused and 
sporadic. In the neighborhood of 
the river-front, population, cash, and 
resources of livelihood, increased with 
startling rapidity. Williams organ- 
ized what would now be called a board 
of trade. Unfortunately, the busi- 
ness bubble of this part of the town 
burst too soon for natural sequence. 
Meanwhile the young man's influence 
spread, and some of his visions hard- 
ened into facts. 

In 1812 his nephew, Moses Paul, 
came into the store as a fully inden- 
tured apprentice. This lad was born 
March 28, 1797, in Waterboro, Me., 
near Alfred. Indeed, the house was 
on the line between the two towns. 
He was the only son of Edmund Paul* 
and his wife Delia. As this appren- 
tice grew to be an important factor in 
Dover development, something may 
be added. In 1807 the Paul family 
moved to Dover, and naturally found 
a home near their kinsman. Moses 
was promptly placed under the care 
of William Thayer, who kept a highly 
esteemed private school in the cham- 
ber of the Evans store on Main 
Street. During the next four years 
he was instructed by Edward Sise. 

At length, Williams became thor- 
oughly dissatisfied. The field was too 
limited. He longed, to engage in 
larger affairs. His constant desire was 
to get on tiptoe, to range a little 
higher up. He traveled extensively 
and was eager and observant. Finally 
his numberless schemes fused into one. 
The new thought dwelt with him by 
day and by night. Why not start a 
cotton factory? The fascinating" idea 
pursued him. It was put aside many 
times, but the tangibility gripped 
hard. He interested local capitalists. 
Not in times more ancient or in suc- 
ceeding communities has a strong 
heart worked with more courage, 
energy and exultation. Every diffi- 
culty yielded to his force of character 
and natural leadership. 

Until 1814 Williams' stock in trade 
was given a valuation by the select- 

men next to the highest individual 
allotment in town, viz., $ 1,500. His 
dwelling house was valued at §6,00. 
It is impossible to locate it. Very 
likely the real and personal property 
were worth more than the inventory 
indicates, for it goes without saying 
that current practice and public opin- 
ion favored absurdly low public val- 
uations at that time. Beginn ng 
about 1811, he turned his attention 
almost wholly to promoting the new 
industry, and trading business was 
left to an agent. In 1816- the store 
was abandoned. From this time 
people affixed "Esq.' 7 to his name. 

The Dover Cotton Factory was 
incorporated December 15, 1812, with 
a captital of §50,000. The first meet- 
ing of the proprietors was held at Mrs. 
Lydia Tebbett's house on Silver 
Street, Thursday, the 19th of Jan- 
uary, 1813, at 5 o'clock p. m., for the 
purpose of choosing officers to govern 
the affairs of the corporation. The 
record is not available, but it is known 
that John Wheeler, Isaac Wendell, 
Andrew Peirce, William Hale and 
other Dover men were interested. 

The factory was built along a 
wooded bank of the Fourth Falls, 
about two miles from the village. It 
was styled "Number One." There 
they set up the imported machinery, 
spinning frames and looms. The 
locality was then called Kimball Falls. 
The lot, consisting of five acres and 
eight square rods on the east side of 
the river, was bought from Ezra, 
Jonathan, and other Kimballs April 
25, 1814. The building was con- 
structed of wood in the form of an L; 
the main part being 80 x 33 feet, the 
projection 55 x 30 feet. 

The situation seemed to unite every 
advantage. The power was abun- 
dant, the land had been procured at a 
moderate price, and the seclusion of 
the locality preserved it from the 
interruptions of town life. In 1815 
a cotton factory was launched upon 
Dover. After a period of doubt and 
struggle, the company was solidly 
on its feet. True its dividends were 
small but the enterprise stood well 

John W illi 'cms 


in public estimation. Its satisfactory 
condition was accounted for by John 
Wheeler, at the meeting when the first 
increase of -capital was called for, in 
the following words: "It is to the good 
judgment, diligence and to ability to 
handle men, shown by our agent, Mr. 
Williams, during the last seven years, 
that the company owes its present 
excellent st anding. ; ' 

Presently the works drew about 
themselves a picturesque little settle- 
ment. The farmers' girls flocked to 
the mill. Boarding houses were 
erected and private dwellings followed 
A nearby sehoolhouse was built. The 
town and the company reacted upon 
each other to their mutual advantage, 
the one furnishing operatives, the 
other work and wages. So the man- 
ufacture of cotton cloth in Dover 
began under John Williams. He was 
the founder of Dover's modern pros- 
perity. It was his indefatigable 
activity which turned capital to the 
Cochecho falls. He secured the serv- 
ice of John Chase as mechanical 
superintendent, and Andrew Steele 
and Samuel Dunster, practical machin- 
ists. Every one worked with ardor, 
and all were soon rewarded by evident 
success. But Williams watched the 
river, anxious to harness it to new task. 
The greater part of the water escaped 
work, sweeping idly down to the 
village and seaward. With no knowl- 
edge of business economy, he was 
strong on development. Plans of 
extension and tremendous profits 
jostled in his mind. The outcome 
was the building of another factory, 
this time in the heart of the town. 
Skilled female operatives in Number 1 
could make about S2.33 per week. 
Daniel Hack received for full time 
S9 per week, Perkins, Swift and the 
two Tolmans nearly as much. Work 
began at sunrise and ended at sunset. 
A large body of mechanics and 
laborers were employed. Names can- 
not be given. The following is a 
complete list of male and female 
kelp in the rooms 1S20 and 1821: 

Esther Blake, Olive Butler, Eliza 
Bedell, Joan Brown, Theodosia Cor- 

son, Mary Chase, Betsev Clark, 
Lydia Curtis. Sally Clay, Polly Clark, 
Abigail Cromwell, Nabby Crom- 
well, Sophia Clark, Caroline Curtis, 
Sally Chase, Mary Chadbourn, Eliza 
Daniels, Joan Drew, Ann Downs, 
Louise Doe, Sally Delano, Dorcas 
Downs, Asenath Downs, Louise 
Downs, Elvira Daniels, Sophia Drew, 
Lois Evans, Betsey Emery, Olive 
Goodwin, Statira Goodwin, Phoda 
Gomery, Sarah Ham, Hannah Ham, 
Mary Henderson, Mary Hutchinson, 
Susan Hanneford, Olive Hurd, Eliza 
Hanscom, Elvira Hanscom, Ann 
Hodgdon, Esther Jones, Hannah Ken- 
ney, Mary Kenney, Lucretia Kelley, 
Eliza Littlefield, Mary Ann Nudd, 
Clara Nute, Nabby Nutter, Abigail 
Nutter, Joan Peirce, Vienna Paul, 
Lavina Patt, Alary Picker, Loi§ 
Picker, Abigail Picker, Lydia Remick, 
Lydia Roberts, Mary Spinney, Bet- 
sey Styles, Kate Spinney, Lucy 
Trickey, Adeline Tebbetts, Jane C. 
Tebbetts, Kate Varney, Mary Ann 
Yarney, Rosanna Wentworth, Lydia 
Went worth, Dolly Wentworth, Polly 
Warren, Lticretia Willey. Lydia 
Weeks, Susan Young, Hannah Young, 
Daniel Mack, John Perkins, Archi- 
bald Swift, Stephen P. Tolman, Ed- 
ward Tolman, Stephen Willey. 

Januarv 21, 1821, the capital was 
increased" to 8500,000." In 1822 the 
same association, with others, began 
the erection of "Number 2" factory. 
June 17, 1823, the capital was raised 
to SI, 000,000, and the corporation 
name changed to Dover Manufactur- 
ing Company. In 1824 Number 2 
was finished, and Williams became 
agent of both establishments, and Paul 
was appointed superintendent of 
Number 1, where he remained until 
1828. June 20. 1826, the capitaliza- 
tion was made SI, 500, 000, and there 
were three large factories in the 
village. The stock was controlled in 
Boston, and strong opposition to 
Williams developed. About this time 
some private operations of Williams 
and Wendell turned out disastrously. 
The directors waited till his legislative 
work at Concord was happily com- 


The Granite Monthly 

pleted. He was invaluable there. 
Then Williams was superseded by 
James F. Curtis, work was suspended 
at Number 1, and Paul moved to 
the lower falls as superintendent. 
After this, matters pressed on swiftly. 
The Coehecho Manufacturing Com- 
pany, incorporated June 27, 1827, with 
a capital of SI, 500, 000, purchased the 
rights and works of the old company 
December 1, 1829, and the business 
of manufacturing was continued 
without interruption. Local stock- 
holders stood aghast. Men cursed 
and women wept. 

Williams was not quelled. It is 
impossible to state the conditions 
under which he obtained a lease of 
Number 1, but it is known that he 
repaired the buildings and machinery 
in 1831, and employed his cousin, John 
B. Stevens, who came to the Dover 
Manufacturing Company in 1825, as 
superintendent. Business was carried 
on under the name of ''Belknap Com- 
pany." Whitwiil and Bonds of Bos- 
ton, Mass., were interested the first 
year, and Wendell remained to the 
end. - In 1833 there were 2,500 spin- 
dles and 100 looms in operation. 
Thirty men and boys and 100 females 
were employed. They turned out 
.20,000 yards of cotton shirting per 
week. There were about 300 inhab- 
itants. The little adjunct to the 
village began to exert an influence. 
It called itself "Williamsville." A 
well supplied store provided for all 
their wants. 

In 1835 Eleazer Chamberlin con- 
tracted for the whole output. This 
was unsatisfactory, but there was 
sore need of ready cash. During the 
following year Williams was away, 
most of the time, engaged in divers 
unfortunate speculations in New York 
and Maine. Operations at the fac- 
tory were active until the spring of 
1837. Then came the panic. Thor- 
oughly aroused, resilient and furious, 
he exerted himself to the utmost. Hot 
with hope one moment, cold with 
fear the next, he rushed with rest- 
less energy into every chance that 
presented itself — only to droop as 

speedily. Soon the works were main- 
tained by mere expedients. Payments 
were made with difficulty, and then 
only by heavily loading the future. 
He lost credit, and in consequence 
purchased material under great dis- 
advantages. At length he was unable 
to pay his help regularly, and one by 
one the better class deserted him. 
Finally the factory was closed. He 
rose every morning to throw aside 
the duns he dared not read. If he 
walked through the central part of 
the town, there were clamorous cred- 
itors he could not avoid. He could 
not break the net which held him, so 
he broke his heart. He had impov- 
erished every relative and everv 
friend. In 1840, with his life-thread 
frayed and ready to snap at any 
moment, he left Dover forever. Death 
came at Boston July 17, 1843, bring- 
ing the only anodyne that can still 

But little more is known about this 
wonderful man. He was born in 
Alfred, Me., May 14, 1780. He 
established the Dover Fire Associa- 
tion; was master of Strafford Lodge in 
1817; agent of the Dover Nail Fac- 
tory; resided in Boston from 1819 
till 1822, John Wheeler acting as 
agent during his absence; procured 
subscriptions to stock of Dover Acque- 
duct Company; was chief marshal of 
local celebration of the fiftieth anni- 
versary of American Independence, 
and represented Dover in the General 
Court 182.5-6-7-8. Commercially 
and socially he was a pivotal man. 
Today he is a distant and romantic 
figure. One of the new streets was 
named after him. Wherever he went 
he commanded attention. He mar- 
ried Miss Sophia M. Mellen of Dover. 
She was a member of the First Con- 
gregational Church — dismissed No- 
vember 29, 1842 to New Church, 
Boston. In the heyday of his success 
he employed James Whitehouse to 
build a large brick dwelling house on 
Pleasant Street. It was the stateliest 
residential building in Dover. So far 
as is known, only one person remem- 
bers the carefully dressed gentleman 


The Bonny Green for Me 155 

who, in the early years of the last mimes — and now and then of a sum- 
century, passed in and out of the mer evening, he gathered his business 
great door. friends under trees, whereupon there 
He had fine horses, fine upholstery, was much sipping of pungent sherry 
plate, troops of servants, gave costly and mellow muscadel during the 
dinners, lawn-fetes, parties to young intervals of talk. After his downfall, 
people who danced on canvas car- the house became the property of 
peting and acted masques and panto- John P. Hale. 


By Beta Chapin 

'Tis well as passing years succeed, 

On each returning IS lay, 
The blossoms of the grove and mead 

Upon their graves to lay. 
With gratitude and love we yield 
The sweetest flowers of the field; 
With garden flowers deck the grave 
Where rest the honored and the brave. 


By Frederick Myron Colby 

They sing of the rose's crimson, of Heaven's cerulean blue, 
n The burnished sheen of silver that's innocence's own hue; 

For me I iove the luster that colors leaf and tree, 
The em'rald hue of shamrock, the bonny green for me. 

The red of roses fadeth, pale waxeth white and blue; 
But o'er the earth the emerald spreads out its fairy hue. 
The growing meadow grasses, how bonnily they toss 
Their tall heads to the skylark, his hidden nest across! 

The verdant summer forest is fairest sight e'er seen; 
Its w r ealth of waving branches a wilderness of green! 
Weli chose the ancient mother, our fair and blooming earth, 
When she would deck her beauty with color due its worth. 

A million glorious summers have stirred the growing grass; 
A million springtimes' verdure have seen the winter pass. 
So flaunt your emerald beauty; of colors you are queen. 
The blue and gold of heaven have blent to make the green. 

Fade out the blue's deep luster from the eternal sky; 
Blot out the radiant sunshine; — the green will never die. 
For life and hope and freedom the bonny grasses wave, 
It tints the conqueror's laurel, — the color of the brave. 


Nellie F. Woodward of Nashua 

The eighteenth annual session of 
the New Hampshire Federation of 
Women's Clubs was held in Roches- 
ter, on Thursday and Friday, May 
25 and 26, with a registered attend- 
ance of 18-i delegates, representing 
a majority of the eighty or more affili- 
ated clubs, with a total membership 
of about five thousand New Hamp- 
shire women, the president of the 
Federation — Mrs. Harriet G. Bur- 
lingame of Exeter — in the chair. 

Nellie F. Woodward 

The session was one of more than 
ordinary interest, many leaders in the 
women's club movement from abroad 
being in attendance, including Mrs. 
Philip X. Moore of St. Louis, pres- 
ident of the General Federation, who 
was a prominent figure, and was heard 
with interest Friday afternoon and 

The annual election of officers, on 
Friday, resulted in the choice of the 
following: President, Mrs. Nellie F. 
Woodward, Nashua; vice-presidents, 

Miss Jennie M. DeMerritt, Dover, 
Mrs. Annie B. Shepard, East. Berry; 
recording secretary, Mrs. Alice P. 
Hosmer, Manchester; treasurer, Mrs. 
Idella D. Lamprey, Laconia; auditor, 
Mrs. Emma Weeks Roberts, Lancas- 
ter; General Federation state secre- 
tary, Airs. Harriet G. Burlingame, 

Mrs. Woodward, the newly elected 
president of this great organization, 
whose importance as a factor in New 
Hampshire progress is more generally 
recognized from year to year, as its 
influence in the sociological and eco- 
nomic fields increases, will, it is confi- 
dently believed, prove a worthy succes- 
sor in the line of brilliant women who 
have honored this position. She is a 
native of Nashua, where she has always 
resided — a daughter of the late Free- 
man Eastman and Susan E. (Howe) 
Tupper, and was educated in the 
schools of her native city. On the 
paternal side, she is descended from 
Thomas Tupper of Sandwich, Eng- 
land, who was an early settler of Sand- 
wich, Mass., and of the Ladds of 
Haverhill, and, on the maternal side 
of John Spo fiord and Elizabeth Scott, 
first settlers of Georgetown, Mass., 
and of the Flowes of Peterborough. 

January 6, 1881, she was united 
in marriage with Dr. Josiah N. Wood- 
ward, a successful and distinguished 
medical practitioner of Nashua, whcse 
death occurred in November last, and 
who, though a native of Massachusetts, 
was an ardent lover of his adopted 
state, interested in and laboring 
for its welfare. For the last fifteen 
years, Dr. and Mrs. Woodward had 
a summer home at the head of New- 
found Lake in Hebron. 

Mrs. Woodward has long been in- 
terested in club work, as an active 
member of the Nashaway Woman's 
Club of Nashua, which she has served 
two years as treasurer, one year as 
first vice-president and for the past 

When I am Dead 


two years most efficiently as its pres- 
ident. During her administration, the 
club membership was largely increased, 
and much interest developed in 
questions of public concern, particu- 
larly in the introduction of manual 
training as a feature of the public 
school system, to which object the 
club contributed substantially. At 
the banquet incident to the celebra- 
tion of the fifteenth anniversary of the 
club, Mrs. Woodward officiated most 
happily as toastinistress. For the 
last two years, she was first vice-pres- 
ident ol the State Federation, having 
previously served two years as second 
vice-president, her promotion to the 
presidency this year coming in nat- 
ural order as well as by virtue of merit. 
Last year, she was a delegate from the 

New Hampshire Federation to the 
Tenth Biennial Session of the General 
Federation of Women's Clubs at Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 

Aside from the home life, whose 
duties she has never neglected, Mrs. 
Woodward has not given her atten- 
tion to club work alone, but has been 
a faithful and devoted member of 
other organizations. She is a member 
of Matthew Thornton Chapter, 
Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion, of Xashua; of New Hampshire's 
Daughters and of the New Hampshire 
Woman Suffrage Association. She is 
also a member of the Pilgrim Con- 
gregational Church of Nashua, of the 
Woman's Auxiliary of the Y. M. C. A., 
and of the. King's Daughters Benevo- 
lent Association. 


By L, J. H. Frost 

When I am dead I shall not care 
If dark clouds lower or skies be fair; 
Should people praise or people blame, 
Both unto me will be the same 
When I am dead. 

If earth be clad in robes of snow, 
Or sweet flowers bloom, I shall not know; 
If bright birds pass on golden wing, 
I shall not hear the songs they sing 
When I am dead. 

And if some friend with loving thought, 
Speaks of some kindly work I wrought, 
I shall not heed the sweet words now, 
Or feel the kiss upon my brow 
When I am dead. 

I shall not feel the lack of cheer 
That grieved my heart while living here; 
Or hear the bitter words and cold, 
That hurt me so in days of old, 
When I am dead. 

For I shall sleep to wake again, 
Where joy is not akin to pain; 
So loved ones, lay me down to rest, 
With sweet white lilies on my breast, 
When I am dead. 



Capt. John B. Cooper, postmaster of 
Newport, and long a prominent citizen of the 
town, died May 18, 1911, after a long illness, 

Captain Cooper was a native of Waipole, 
born February 14, 1841. His parents died 
while he was yet a child, and he lived with 
different families in Alstead for a time, but in 
youth went to Newport where he learned 
the blacksmith's trade. At the outbreak of 
the Civil War, he enlisted in the First New 
Hampshire Volunteers and after the discharge 
of that regiment reenlisted in the Ninth in 
which he was captain of Company K. He 
was severely wounded at Antietam, and as 
senior captain was in command of his regi- 
ment from the time of the Battle of the Mine 
before Petersburg until it was finally mustered 

After the war he pursued his trade for a 
time at Sunapee, but soon returned to New- 
port where he resided through life. He was 
an active republican and prominent in public 
affairs, serving as moderator for twenty years, 
as selectman, representative, state senator, 
member of the constitutional convention of 
1876, postmaster under President Hayes, 
again under Roosevelt, and received a reap- 
pointment last year. 

He married in August, 1861, Mary O. Moody 
of Newport, who survives him, with one son, 
Mark O. Cooper. 


Aldo M. Rumery of Ossipee, long a lead- 
ing citizen of Carroll County, died at his home 
in Ossipee May 5. 1911. 

He was born in Effingham October 10, 1842, 
a son of John M. and Sarah Rumery, and was 
married January 3, 1S70, to Sarah M., daughter 
of Samuel J. and Sarah Quarles of Ossipee, 
who was a sister of Col. Samuel D. Quarles. 
He was town clerk of Effingham in L">69 and 
1870; selectman from 1875 to 1S77, when he 
removed to Ossipee. He served as a member 
of the school board of Ossipee for some years 
from 1877, and as town treasurer from 1S84. 

He was registrar of deeds for Carroll County 
from 1881 to 1887 when he was appointed 
clerk of the county Court, which office he 
held with universal satisfaction and conspic- 
uous ability to the time of his death. 

He served one term in the legislature of 
the state and was a member of Charter Oak 
Lodge of Free Masons of Effingham. 

Five days after the death of Mr. Rumery, 
his wife, who was seriously ill at the time of 
his decease, also passed away. They left 
one son, Howard, a lawyer in Chicago, and a 
daughter, Laura, at home. 


Wilbur C. Stearns, long familiarly known 
as "Webb" Stearns, and a prominent figure 
in North Country life in old stage driving 
times, died at Plymouth, May 8, in his 
ninetieth year. 

Mr. Stearns was born in Danville, Yt., 
October 3, 1821, the son of John and Lydia 
Wheat on Stearns, and was educated in the 
public schools and Danville and Lyndon 
academies. He learned the trade of a har- 
ness maker in youth but abandoned it for 
stage driving and soon became a famous 
"whip." He drove between Montpelier and 
BakersfielcJ, Yt., and later between Plym- 
outh and Littleton, N. H., through the 
Notch. In- 1863, he entered the employ of 
the Boston, Concord & Montreal railroad 
as a conductor, and became popular in 
that capacity in which he served a number of 
years. For many years previous to his death 
he had served as an adjustor of fire claims for 
the Boston & Maine railroad, retiring from 
active work, on a pension, on the first of Jan- 
uary last. 

In 1845, he married Lucy Reed of Worces- 
ter, Yt., who died in 1878, leaving one 
daughter, now Mrs. W. R. Brackett of Plym- 
outh. In 1881, he married again, Mrs. 
Louise Eastman, who also died about a year 


J. Henry Dearborn, a prominent citizen 
of Pembroke and well known throughout cen- 
tral New Hampshire, died in that town, 
March 24, after a year's illness. 

He was a son of Joseph Jewell and Sarah 
(Jenness) Dearborn, born in Deerfield April 
19. 1849. He was educated at Pembroke, 
Phillips Exeter and Andover academies 
and Harvard College. He was extensively 
engaged in agriculture, as well as in real es- 
tate and other business operations. He was 
a Knight Templar, Odd Fellow and Patron 
of Husbandry and prominent in these fra- 

November 9, 1880, Mr. Dearborn was united 
with Miss Sarah Frances Stevens, daughter 
of the late Hon. Josiah Stevens of Con- 
cord, who survives with three children, Jenness 
Stevens, Joseph Jewell and Sarah Elizabeth 


Col. Albert W. Metcalf, kite of Keene, 
a Union veteran, and later prominently con- 
nected with the New Hampshire National 
Guard, died in Springfield, Mass., May 17. 

Colonel Metcalf was the son of Zenas and 

New Hampshire Necrology 


Martha Temple Metcalf, born in Gilsum, 
December 2s. £841. He removed in early 
life to Westminister, Yt.. where he was liv- 
ing when the Civil War broke out. He 
.served in both the Seeond and Twelfth Ver- 
mont regiments, and was seriously wounded, 
one of his wrists being disabled. 

After the war, he loeated in Keene, where he 
worked for a time as a carpenter and after- 
ward as clerk in Clark's grocery. Here he 
joined Company G in the Keene Light Guard 
Battalion, rising soon, from sergeant to 
captain, and ultimately to the command of 
the Second Regiment, New Hampshire Na- 
tional Guard, with which organization he was 
very popular. 

October 19, 1871, he married Miss Addie 
M. Starkey, by whom he had two sons, Albert 
A. and Robert W., both of whom reside in 
Springfield, where Colonel Met calf and wife 
removed several years since. 


Dr. Clara Whitman Reed, bom in Alstead, 
Februarv 2, 18-10, died at South Acworth, 
January IS, 1911. 

She was the daughter of Joel and Claracy 
Porter who removed from Alstead to South 
Acworth when she was thirteen years of age, 
and where she attended school until her mar- 
riage at the early age of seventeen to William 
F. Whitman, a worthy and promising young 
man who enlisted in the Union service in the 
Civil War, and was instantly killed August 
31, 1863. Six years later, May 9, 1S69, she 
married George F. Reed, of Acworth, who died 
June 20, 1874. 

Thrown upon her own resources, with a 
daughter by her first husband to rear and edu- 
cate, she determined to take up the study of 
medicine, for which she had a strong natural 
inclination, and, pursuing the same, she grad- 
uated from the Boston University School of 
Medicine in- 1878, immediatelv commencing 
practice at Bellows Falls, Yt., where she 
continued nine years, when, seeking a larger 
field, she removed to Newton, Mass , 
where she continued in active practice till 
April, 1910, when failing health compelled 
retirement, and she returned to her old home 
in South Acworth^ wh/rre, after long suffering 
heroically borne, she passed to the higher life. 
To her nobleness of heart, her love of her work 
and success in her chosen profession many 
friends bear loving testimony. She is sur- 
vived by one daughter, Viola M. Whitman. 


Hon. Alfred Beard Kittredge, formerly 
I niteO States senator from South Dakota, 
a native of the town of NeLson, bom March 
28, 1861, died at Hot Springs, Ark., May 
4, 1911. 

He was a son of Russell H. and Laura F. 
Kittredge. He spent his youth in JafTrey, 
whither the family removed; fitted for college 

and graduated at Yale, in 1SS2 and from the 
Yale Law School in 1885. He immediately 
went West. locating for practice at Sioux 
Falls. S. D., where he continued, soon 
acquiring a large business and wide reputa- 
tion for ability. He took an active part in 
politics as a Republican and was a member 
of the state senate from 1S89 to 1893. He was 
a member of the Republican State Committee 
from 1892 to 1900. In Jul}', 1901, he was ap- 
pointed United States senator to fill the va- 
cancy caused by the death of Senator Kyle, and 
in 1903 was elected to succeed himself for a full 
term of six years, till 1909. During his senator- 
ship he was made chairman of the Inter-oceanic 
Canal Commission, and in that capacity inves- 
tigated for the United States the title to rights 
of the Isthmus of Panama purchased from the 
French government. His report was regarded 
as an unusually strong document. 

The father of the deceased, a [brother, 
Prof. H. W. Kittredge, of Westfield, Mass., 
two sisters, Mrs. C. B. Hall of Greenwood, 
Mass., and Mrs. C. P. Pearson, survive. 


Rev. John W. Lane, a native of South 
Newmarket, now Newfields, pastor of the 
Congregational Church at North Hadlev, 
Mass., died May 13. 

Mr. Lane was the son of Charles and Han- 
nah (French) Lane, born September 7, 1827. 
He was fitted for college at Franklin Seminary, 
Pembroke Academy and the Merrimack Nor- 
mal Institute, and entered Princeton in 1852, 
but changed the next year to Amherst from 
which he graduated in 1856, and from 
Andover Theological Seminary in 1859. In 
1860, he was installed pastor of the Congrega- 
tional Church at Whately, Mass., continu- 
ing for eighteen years, serving several years, 
also, as instructor in elocution at Amherst 
College. May 1, 1878, he was installed as 
pastor of the church at North Hadley and con- 
tinued until his resignation a few days before 
his sudden death from pneumonia. During 
this pastorate, he was also for. several years 
an instructor in elocution at the Massachu- 
setts Agricultural College. He also served 
on the school board and as a trustee of Hop- 
kins Academy. 

In 1868 Mr. Lane married Miss Mary 
Haynes of Townsend, Mass., a graduate and 
teacher at Mount Holyoke College. Eight 
children were born to them, of whom five are 
living, John E., a physician of Seattle, Wash.; 
Amy S., a teacher in Saginaw, Mich.; Wallace 
R., a patent lawyer in Chicago; Wilfred^G., 
a lawyer, of Valdosta, Ga., and Susan K., a 
graduate nurse, of Montclair, N.J. 


Dr. William Russell Dunham, bom in Ches- 
terfield, September 15, 1834, died in Keene, 
May 8, 1911. 

Doctor Dunham was the son of Ira and 


The Granite Monthly 

Savon a (Prentiss) Dunham, who removed in 
his childhood to Londonderry. Yt. In his youth 
he worked in a mill in Hinsdale, but later, took 
up the study of medicine and graduated from 
Harvard Medical School in 1SG5. He com- 
menced practice in Westmoreland, where he 
remained fifteen years, removing then to 
Keene where he continued through life. 

He was a member of the New Hampshire 
and Connecticut River medical societies, 
and the American association for the advance- 
ment of science and had written quite exten- 
sively on scientific subjects and psychic 
phenomena. Politically he was a Republican 
and in religion a Unitarian. He is survived 
by a widow and daughter. 


Rev. William Hooper Dearborn, D. D., 
born in Weare, May 8, IS 17, died at St. Albans, 
Yt., May 20, 1911. 

Doctor Dearborn was the son of Moses and 
Betsey (Philbriek) Dearborn, the eleventh 
of thirteen children; was educated in the pub- 
lic school and Tilton and Francestown acad- 
emies; taught school for a time and then en- 
tered Tufts College Divinity School, from 
which he graduated in 1S79. He was pastor 
of the Universalis! Church at Hartford, 

Conn", for sixteen years, and afterward 
preached at Augusta, Me., Jamaica Plain. 
Medford and Peabody, Mass., in New 
York City and at St. Albans, where he 
had been located about a year at the time 
of his death. He was highly esteemed as a 
preacher and as a man. In 1901, he received 
the degree of doctor of divinity from Tufts 
College. His remains were brought to South 
Weare for interment in the old family burial lot . 


Rev. Frederick Clarence Priest, D. D., 
born in Winchester, August 26, 1861, died at 
Elgin, 111., May 15. 1911. 

He studied for the ministry after a time 
spent in mechanical pursuits, from a deep sense 
of duty, graduating from Tufts Divinity 
School in 1S90, He preached for a time at 
Derby Line, Yt. ; then at Marblehead 
and Saugus, Mass., and went to Chi- 
cago as pastor of the Church of the Redeemer 
in 1S99, continuing till 1906, when he relin- 
quished the pastorate on account of ill health. 
He married, first, in 18S3, Miss Addie Leith 
who died in 1902! In 1906, he married Ma- 
tilda J. Brown of Chicago. He received the 
degree of doctor of divinity from Lombard 
L'niversity in 1902. 


Up to the time of this writing no agree- 
rnent has been reached by the Governor and 
Council as to the appointment of the three 
members of the Public Service Commission 
provided for at the recent session of the Legis- 
lature. It is eminently desirable that tins 
commission be made up and organized for 
work without delay, since it has important 
general duties to perform, and is specially 
charged with the work of establishing rea- 
sonable railway fares and freights, upon due 
investigation — a work as essential, under 
the circumstances, to the railroads as to the 
people. The difficulty seems to lie in the 
failure or refusal of the Council or three 
members thereof, constituting a majority, to 
approve any combination of names of men 
put up to thera by the Governor thus far. 
This is not the first time, however, when there 
has been a dead-lock between the Governor 
and Council over the matter of an appoint- 
ment, the same existing in some instances 
for several months, as may be the case in 
this emergency, though an early agreement 
is greatly to be hoped for. 

Memorial Day exercises in the town of Ash- 
land this year. To Ashland people of mid- 
dle age and past, her presence and service in 
this capacity must have been a pleasant re- 
minder of the days when her residence in 
their midst was the one fact in which all the 
townspeople took special pride. Not Ash- 
land, alone, but all New Hampshire, rejoices 
in the continued life and health of this talented 
daughter of the Granite State. 

Another New Hampshire daughter, resi- 
dent in Massachusetts, who has won success 
and distinction as a public entertainer, is 
Maude Gordon Roby of Maiden, native of 
Bristol, whose "Legends and Songs from 
Many Lands." in costume, have been widely 
enjoyed and greatly admired. Her many 
friends in New Hampshire rejoice in her 

Martha Dana Shepard was reported as 
being present and serving as pianist at the 

If subscribers for the Granite Monthly 
in arrears will bring their subscription up to 
date and a year in advance, it will be to their 
own advantage as well as that of the pub- 

VOL. XLIII. No. 6 JUNE, mi New Serief. Vol. VS, No. 6 


, 1 : .4 \ ML J H. jii>*«K**^ 

i V 

A New Hampshi*^ ^ctzine 


Devoted to History, Biography, L\ ^cU'ire and State Progress 


•©gj Hon. Benjamin Ames Kimball. With Frontispiece. . . . 161 ff"^ 5 

W-s>' By EL G.Pearson. Illustrated. x*tW 

fc?) Daniel Webster . . . ,~;. . . . . 16S $£Q 

J t? -/.^ By Gerrv W. Hazelton. J»er8« 

Vr*> : H&nnah Bus tin of Haverhill . . . . : . . Ill Vs;v 

■§§5 Bv E - w - B - Tavlor. V^?' 



A Doubtful Claim . . . . . , . . , ISo 4^£#s 

Illustrated. S^ 

■ggj In the Lecture Pield . - . " \. . • . . \ .186 ^-f^ 

*>"S 1'orrrait. IgjU 

^cf'. The Old Bow Meetinghouse . ...... 1SS fig* 

♦r.v£ By Giles Wheeler. Illustrated. ^% 

s ^^/ New Hampshire Necrology . . . . . • .192 HSV 

7S1 Editor and Publisher's Notes . . . . . . 192 Krj 

*Jgj Poems ^ 

'...Qy By Frederick Myron Colby, Georgians Rogers, Moses Gage Shiriey, Maude K?'V 

^0rp; Gordon Roby. e 4g# 

/» 1 > T X >yi A ^L > T \ >VC J^ Jftgt >?%^ J^L J ^L !^L JJfc -V- ^ -^V 1 J? T V ^ -^ J t V J \ 

issued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF. Editor and Manager 

. ■ ' " [ I 

tER?iS: $1.00 pel annum, in advance; $1.50 if not pild in advance, Single copies, 15 cents ; j 

CONCORD, N. H., 1911 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second : .class mail matter. 


i d 


The Granite Monthly 

Vol. XLIII, No. 6 

JUNE, 1911 New Series, Vol. G, No. 6 



Hon. Benjamin Ames Kimball 
By II. C. Pearson 

A scries of magazine articles upon 
""The Leaders of New Hampshire' ' 
"may well open with a brief sketch 
of Hon. Benjamin Ames Kimball 
of Concord, railroad president and 
college trustee, man of affairs and 
man of letters, student of New Hamp- 
shire's past,, maker of New Hamp- 
shire^ present,, builder for New 
H a mpsh ire 's f u t ure . 

Born in that part of the town of 
Boseawen which is included in the 
village of Penacook, August 22. 1833, 
his father'. Benjamin Kimball, died 
in the following year. At the age of 
sixteen the subject of this sketch, 
with his widowed mother, Mrs. Rtith 
Ames Kimball, came to Concord, 
where he had been preceded by an 
older brother, John, afterwards mayor 
of Concord, and today, at the age of 
ninety, venerated by that city as its 
"grand old man.'' 

Benjamin A. Kimball prepared in 
the schools of Concord and at the 
Hildreth school in Derry for the 
Chandler Scientific Department of 
Dartmouth College, from which he 
graduated with the Class of 1854, 
earning, with honor, the degree of 
Bachelor of Science. It is not too 
much to say that among all the loyal 
thousands of Dartmouth alumni not 
one has loved his alma mater more 
sincerely or rendered her more valu- 
able service than has Mr. Kimball. 
From 1890 to 1895 a member of the 
board of visitors to the Chandler 

Scientific School and from the latter 
date to the present time a trustee of 
the college itself, he has had a prom- 
inent and influential part in that 
magnificent growth and development 
of the "new Dartmouth," which is 
the wonder of the educational world. 
One of the first steps in this devel- 
opment, and one in which Mr. Kimball 
had a large part, was the merging 
of the Chandler School into the college 
proper, while in recent years, as chair- 
man of the finance committee of the 
board of trustees, his ability and 
experience have been invaluable in 
meeting the many difficult problems 
which have arisen in the rapid, 
material development of the college,, 
the extension of its plant and the 
multiplication of its activities. 

Immediately upon the completion 
of his college course, Mr. Kimball 
made choice of his life work, and that 
he chose wisely the record of his 
career is sufficient evidence. For 
almost sixty years, now, his name has 
been inseparably connected with the 
railroads of New Hampshire. Lie 
has climbed from the bottom round 
to the very top of their ladder. His 
intimate knowledge of details, his 
broad vision of project and his wise 
management of execution have made 
his influence paramount in the devel- 
opment of railroad transportation 
and its interests in the Granite State. 

Mr. Kimball began as a draftsman 
in the mechanical department of the 


The Granite Monthly 

Concord railroad, but soon earned 
promotion to the snpcrint endo ney of 
the locomotive department, where he 
prepared the plans for some of the 
famous locomotives, so well remem- 
bered by the older generation, of that 

He had become master mechanic 
of the Concord railroad when, in 1S65, 
he resigned to enter upon an advan- 
tageous business connection. But his 

railroad with the Boston, Concord 
& Montreal railroad, which has 
proved to be such an advantage to the 
state. He is president and director 
of several important subsidiary leased 
lines, which he constructed to strength- 
en the consolidated road. 

In brief, Mr. Kimball is and has 
been for a quarter of a century New 
Hampshire's most prominent railroad 
man. In this capacity his policy has 


\t'V- IS, 

?* - mi 


* fog. 

■.:■■''.■-. I-'" •>■ 

Birthplace of Hon. Benjamin Ames Kimball, Penacook, N. H. 

/heart remained with the railroad life 
and to it he returned, on a higher level, 
when, in 1S73, he was elected a direc- 
tor of the Manchester <fc North Weare 
railroad. When Governor Onslow 
Stearns died his place as a director 
of the Concord railroad was filled, in 
January, 1879, by the choice of Mr. 
Kimball, and that position the latter 
still holds through being president 
since 1895, as well as director of the 
Concord & Montreal, successor to 
the Concord railroad. 

< He formulated, after a bitter con- 
flict, the consolidation of the Concord 

been consistent, public-spirited and 
far-sighted. While the properties 
under his management have been 
profitable to the investors in them, they 
have not been conducted with t hat- 
end solely in view, but with an equal 
regard for the accommodation of 
the public and the development and 
prosperity of the state. 

Mr. Kimball was one of the first 
to see the modern trend towards 
consolidation of railroads and the 
advantages accruing thereby in better 
and more economical service. The 
homogeneity of New Hampshire's 

Hon. Benjamin Ames Kimball 


railroad system today stands largely 
to his credit. And here and there 
and almost everywhere in the state 
may be seen special examples of what 
his influence in railroad circles lias 
done for the state, from the splendid 
station and great shops at Concord. 
to the summer resort development of 
the lake region and the White Moun- 
tains section. 

Mr. Kimball's railroad interests,, 
however., are but a part of his business 
activities. From 1805 he has con- 
ducted the extensive Ford & Kimball 
manufactory of car wheels and brass 
and iron castings on South Main 
Street, Concord. He was one of the 
founders, with Abe L. Cushman, elec- 
trician and inventor, of the Cushman 
Electric Company, another Concord 
industry of which he is president; 
and he is identified as investor and 
director or other official with various 

As orie of Concord's wealthiest 
citizens it was natural that Mr. Kim- 
ball should be connected with the ; 
banking system of the city and since 
1884 he has been president of the 
Meehanicks National Bank, succeed- 
ing in that capacity Hon. Josiah 
Minot. He has been, also, a trustee 
and president of the Concord Savings 
Bank and a trustee of the Merrimack 
County Savings Bank. 

In 1885, when New Hampshire 
enacted the "valued policy" insurance 
law and the foreign companies in 
anger left the state, Mr. Kimball was 
one of the citizens who united busi- 
ness ability and public spirit in the 
organization of domestic companies 
which not only met the local situation 
satisfactorily, but also proved good 
business ventures. He was one of the 
incorporators and a director of the 
Manufacturers and Merchants Mu- 
tual Fire Insurance Company. 

Mention has been made of the 
benefits which have come to Concord 
through the influence of its first citi- 
zen, Mr. Kimball, in railroad circles. 
But these are only a part of his civic 

He had a part in bringing to fruition 

the plans for a city library building, 
made possible by the generosity of 
William P. Fowler and Clara M. 
Fowler. He was active in the original 
construction and subsequent improve- 
ment of the city water system; and 
his influence was effective in securing 
the favorable location and spacious 
lots for the Federal building and the 
state library structure: and in bring- 
ing about the recent enlargement of 
the state capitol. The choice and 
preparation of the site for the statue 
of Daniel Webster in the state house 
yard was his duty under the adminis- 
tration of Governor Currier. 

Across Park Street from the capitol 
stands a beautiful and enduring mon- 
ument to Mr. Kimball's public service 
in the ideal state library structure, 
completed in 1S94 under the direction, 
extending over a period of five years, 
of a commission composed of Mr. 
Kimball, John W. Sanborn, Charles 
H. Burns, Irving W. Drew and 
Charles J. Amidon. Many other 
states have reason to envy the ade- 
quate protection and accommodation 
which Xew Hampshire has given in 
this building to its large and valuable 
state collection of books and to its 
supreme court sessions. 

With another and even finer build- 
ing in the group which constitutes 
Concord's civic center the name of 
Mr. Kimball will always be linked. 
Across State Street from the library 
stands the new home of the New 
Hampshire Historical Society, one of 
the finest buildings in the world dedi- 
cated to such use. 

This building is the gift to the 
society of Mr. Edward Tuck of Paris 
and is but one in a series of donations 
which have made Mr. Tuck esteemed 
and famous as the greatest philan- 
thropist among New Hampshire's 
native sons. But, as Mr. Tuck him- 
self is first to say, the execution of his 
plan, its present magnificent consum- 
mation, has been largely the work of 
Mr. Kimball, who has given unspar- 
ingly ' of his time and efforts, has 
crossed the ocean several times for 
consultation- with Mr. Tuck in the 


The Granite Monthly 

>*■:• '■■■■ - ~ '*& m. :>-/ 


H. . 


1 Z*S 



Hon. Benjamin Ames Kimball 


matter and in general has testified by 
his invaluable cooperation to his equal 
friendship for and interest in Mr. 
Tuck and the society which is the 
object of his beneficence. 

Of this New Hampshire Historical 
Society Mr. Kimball has been an 
active member for many years and in 
1895-97 was its president. In 1907 
he was made chairman of the building 
committee which has represented the 
society in all matters relating to its 
new home. 

For a man of Mr. Kim ball's civic 
prominence and public spirit partici- 
pation in politics, state and national, 
is so natural as to be well nigh inev- 
itable. He lias been a member of 
the. Republican party from its earliest 
clays; has had great influence in its 
councils, and has been offered by it 
many honors, only a few of which he 
could accept because of the pressing 
demands upon his time of his business 
and other activities. 

He was a member of the state Legis- 
lature of 1870. Of three conventions 
to propose amendments to the consti- 
tution of the state, those held in 1876, 
1SS9 and 1896, he has been a leading- 
member. He was elected a member 
of the executive council of Governor 
Moody Currier (1885-1886) and did 
his full part towards the distinction 
of that administration. 

By appointment of the governor 
Mr. Kimball was commissioner from 
New Hampshire to the convention 
which assembled at Philadelphia 
December 2, 1886, and which made 
plans, and arranged and carried out 
the great programme of September 
15, 16, 17, 1SS7, in commemoration of 
the one hundredth anniversary of the 
constitution of the United States. 

Mr. Kimball was an alternate del- 
egate to the Republican national 
convention of 18S0 that nominated 
Garfield and a delegate at large to the 
convention of 1892. 

Such is a brief and necessarily im- 
perfect sketch of the career of Hon. 
Benjamin Ames Kimball as it touches 
the public at the various points of 

contact of business, politics, civil, 
social and educational service. 

The other side of the picture, the 
private life of our subject, is equally 
pleasant and honorable to dwell upon. 

His early educational advantages 
Mr. Kimball has supplemented 
throughout his long life by close study 
of both books and men, by broad and 
careful reading, by a wide acquaint- 
ance among worth-while men and by 
extensive travel, both in his own 
country and abroad. 

His private library and art collec- 
tion, with their treasures of books, ' 
pictures and statuary, personally col- 
lected by Mr. and Mrs. Kimball, bear 
testimony to the degree of their 
owners'' culture. 

Mr. Kimball is a member and trus- 
tee of the Alpha Omega chapter 
(Dartmouth) of the Beta Theta Pi 
fraternity; has been a member since 
1S90 of the American Social Science 
Association; and belongs to other 
societies of educational and philan- 
thropic purpose. 

The happiness of his beautiful 
homes, city and country, he shares 
with his wife, who was Miss Myra 
Tilton Elliott, daughter of Ira Elliott 
of Northfield. They were married 
January 9, 1861, and have one son, 
Henry Ames Kimball, born in Con- 
cord October 19, 1864, who is as- 
sociated with his father in busi- 
ness and who is recording secretary 
of the New Hampshire Historical 

Mr. and Mrs. Kimball have their 
spacious town house, one of the finest 
residences in New Hampshire, in Con- 
cord at the junction of South Main 
street and Concord street upon 
grounds most artistically arranged. 
Mr. Kimball's factories are near by 
and it is but a brief walk at the pas- 
senger station, where, in the southwest, 
corner, are his offices, primal source 
of much of New Hampshire's history, 
written and unwritten, industrial and 

Most picturesque and imposing is 
the Kimball summer home at The 
Broads, Lake Winnipiseogee. It is 

The Granite Monthly 

The Songs My Mother Sung 


a castle of the Rhine country, trans- 
ported to the shores of the "Smile of 
the Great Spirit" and placed high 
upon the hills, commanding a mag- 
nificent vista of lake and mountain 

Mr. Kimball has been a member of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
lodge and encampment for fifty-five 
years. He attends regularly the 
South Congregational Church in Con- 
cord and is a liberally sustaining mem- 
ber of its society. Other worthy 
appeals, both public and private, upon 
his purse, meet such read)' response 
that the charities account of Mr. 

and Mrs. Kimball reaches a most 
generous figure. 

From this formal narrative of Mr. 
Kimball's life, record and achieve- 
ments there must needs lie missing 
that element which gives Ins success 
its finest savor to those who know 
him best: the element of his engaging 
personality; his friendliness and kind- 
liness to all who deserve it, high or 
low, with whom he comes in contact 
Affection, thus enkindled, combines 
with admiration and esteem in the 
relations with Mr. Kimball of all his 


By Frederick Myron Colby 

Across the silence of the years there comes to me once more 
The music of the voices that I loved in days of yore. 
The chimes call a thousand scenes from mem'ry's pages flung, 
As I hear the silver echoes of the songs my mother sung. 

They come to me like the music of God's eternal spheres, 
They bring to me all the sweetness of those departed years. 
I live again in boyhood, as back the gates are swung, 
And in my heart's deep pulses swell the songs my mother sung. 

Back rolls the floodtide of the years, with all their strife and care, 
And I see the old home pictures against the sunshine fair. 
'Tis but a fleeting summer since the time that I was young, 
And heard with childhood's innocence the songs mv mother sung. 

I see the old-time kitchen, where the rippling sunbeams strayed; 
The climbing roses by the door where happy children played; 
And as she turns her spinning-wheel where the soft white rolls are hung, 
I catch upon my listening ear the songs my mother sung. 

Then when the sunset's splendor made a glory in the west, 
And we, wild, romping children, sought our little beds to rest, 
And the evening breezes whispered where the honeysuckles clung, 
0, sweeter far than angels' hymns were the songs my mother sung. 

I catch through veiling mist of tears before my yearning eyes 
The golden radiance that shone athwart those summer skies; 
And like a dream of long ago that angel us is rung — 
The music of my childhood's Heaven, the songs my mother sung. 



By Gerry W. Hazelton 

In the contemplation of Daniel 1 

Webster, the thing which most at- 
tracts attention is the rare combi- 
nation of remarkable qualities. Other 
men have' equalled him in argumenta- 
tive power; other men have displayed 
as pure and lofty sentiment; other 
men hare surpassed him in the domain 
of oratory: but, in the combination 
of great powers, he has had no equal 
among the prominent men of America. 

It is given to genius in moments of 
inspiration to clothe the most delicate 
and beautiful conceptions of poetic 
fancy in felicitous forms of expression. 
Mr. Webster was not a genius and his 
rank is in the intellectual arena. The 
charm of hk amazing gifts is found in 
the ability to make the simple and 
common forms of speech the medium 
of intellectual achievement, and to 
breathe into these forms a warmth 
and wealth of sentiment which gives 
them place among the world's classics. 

Mr. Webster was born in the town 
of Salisbury in the central part of Xew 
Hampshire on the 18th day of Jan- 
uary. 1782. He came of good stock. 
His father was a man of great force of 
character, recognized as the leading 
citizen of the community, notwith- 
standing his lack of education. He 
was chosen a delegate to the conven- 
tion which ratified the federal consti- 
tution, and the short speech he made 
in favor of ratification shows that he 
not only comprehended the question, 
but was able to state in terse and apt 

anguage the reasons for his judgment. 
He was elected to both branches of 
the Legislature and subsequently 
appointed a judge of the court of 
common pleas. His mother was a 
typical New England woman, thor- 
oughly practical, an excellent man- 
ager, devoted to her family and withal 
deeply religious. 

One summer day near the end of 
Washington's administration, prob- 
ably in 1795, Mr. Webster and Daniel 
were -working in the hayfield when 
they saw a gentleman approaching 
who proved to be the Hon. Abiel 
Foster, the member of Congress from 
that district, who had called to pa}' 
his respects and to have a few words 
of conversation with Mr. Webster. 
After he had departed the father and 
son sat down under a tree, and the 
father had occasion to refer to the 
importance of education. "My son," 
he said, "I could have been nominated 
and elected to congress instead of Air. 
Foster, but for my lack of education. 
I came near it as it was. He goes to 
Philadelphia and gets six dollars a 
day while I toil here. I could not 
give your elder brothers the advan- 
tages of knowledge, but I can do some- 
thing for you. Improve your oppor- 
tunities, learn, learn, and when I am 
gone you will not need to go through 
the hardships which I have undergone 
and which have made me an old man 
before my time." 

Years after, when Webster's fame 

Editorial Note. — Mr. Hazelton is a native of Chester; was educated at Pmkerton Academy, and under private 
tutor.?; admitted to the bar in Saratoga County, X. Y., in 1S52; went to Wisconsin in 1850 where he has since 
resided. In 1860 he was elected to the state senate and ehcrsen president pro tern, of that body; in 1864 he wa3 
elected district attorney for Columbia County; in 1S70 was elected to Congress and reelected in 1S72. At the close 
of his second term he was tendered by General Grant, and accepted the position of United States attorney for the 
Eastern District of Wisconsin., which position he held for ten years. This sketch of Webster was read first at the 
annua! meeting of the Phantom Club of Wilwaukee two year:? ago. Its preparation was a labor of love on the 
part of Mr. Hazelton, whose father knew Mr. Webster well, and of whom he had often heard him speak, though lie, 
himself, never saw him but on^e, and that in 1851, in Boston, as he passed along Tremout Street, his presence 
exciting universal interest, everyone stopping to look as though he were the one man in the United States they 
wanted to see. The following notir-e of Mr. Hazelton appeared some time since in the Milwaukee Evening Wiseoi sin: 

"In selecting Gerry W. Hazelton for decoration with its degree of LL. D. Carroll Co'ilege has made no mistake. 
He is cultivated and accomplished, distinguished in letters and learned in the law. He has held many important 
positions in the course of his long life, and adorned them all. Today, past the eightieth milestone of his life, he is as 
active and useful a^ m my a man of fifty. His eye is bright, his walk is brisk, his memory is responsive to his will, 
and his ripe judgment is firm and sound. Mr". Hazelton was a member of congress from the district including 
Columbia Count;., in 1871. lb. he-Id various other offices of trust and honor, including that of United States 
district attorney, and is now a United States court commissioner. His investiture with the degree of Doctor will 
be approved by all who know him; but cannot increase the respect in which he is held by the community." 

Daniel Webster 


was recognized on two continents,, he 
referred to this conversation in a 
letter to a friend and said, "I cried 
during that conversation and I cry 
now at the recollection. " At this 
interview V\as born the hope of a 
college education. It was gained, 
but at the expense of hardships and 
a mortgage on the farm. 

Before proceeding, I pause to men- 
tion the fact that through Daniel's 
influence his brother Ezekiel, two 
years his senior, was persuaded to 
prepare for and enter the same college, 
while Daniel postponed his law studies 
to earn money as preceptor of Frye- 
burg Academy to help him through. 

Ezekiel became an eminent lawyer 
but died suddenly at the early age of 
forty-nine while arguing a case in the 
supreme concfc at Concord. But he 
was able to render Daniel an impor- 
tant service by placing him in a law 
office in Boston to complete his prep- 
aration for the bar. During his 
senior year at Dartmouth, Ezekiel 
had an opportunity, through the kind- 
ness of a classmate, to take charge 
of a class of boys in Boston and in- 
struct them in Latin and Greek. 
Finding that the emoluments of the 
position were sufficient, he invited 
Daniel to come to Boston and enjoy 
the advantages of a large city, where 
every branch of the law is adminis- 
tered and some of the courts always 
in session. Responding to this invita- 
tion Daniel came to Boston and 
entered the office of Christopher Gore, 
a gentleman of culture and distinction, 
who was afterwards governor of the 
commonwealth and United States 
senator. In March, 1805, he was 
admitted to the bar on motion of 
-Mr. Gore. It was customary at that 
time to accompany the motion with a 
few complimentary remarks concern- 
ing the student, and it is among the 
traditions that the preceptor took 
occasion to refer to the young appli- 
cant in terms of admiration and to 
predict his future eminence at the bar. 
_ Realizing the growing infirmities of 
his father, and desiring to be near him, 
Daniel opened an office in Boscawen, 

a few miles from the parental home> 
and it was among the cherished recol- 
lections of his after life that his first 
speech at the bar was heard by his 
venerable father. But he never heard 
him again. He died April, 1S06, and 
in one of the late letters written by 
the son from "The Elms/' he says, 
"My opening an office in Boscawen 
was that I might be near my father. 
I closed his eyes in this very house. 
He died at the age of sixty-seven, after 
a life of exertion, toil and exposure; 
a private soldier, an officer, a legislator, 
a judge, — everything that a man 
could be to whom learning had never 
disclosed her ample page." 

In 1S07 Daniel turned over his 
business to Ezekiel and moved to 
Portsmouth, then a city of consid- 
erable commercial importance, and 
deemed, an inviting field for a young 
lawyer of ability. He was twenty-five 
years of age and strikingly attractive. 
On a Sunday morning in September 
of that year, he entered the Rev. Dr. 
Buckminster's church; and, being a 
stranger, was conducted to the min- 
ister's pew. The eldest daughter of 
the family on her return from church 
observed that there had been a 
remarkable person in the pew with 
her; that he riveted her attention, 
and she was sure he had a most 
marked capacity for good or evil. It 
may not be amiss to mention in this 
connection that up to the age of fifty, 
Mr. Webster's personal attractive- 
ness was frequently commented upon 
by those who knew him. People 
stopped on the streets to look at him. 
It was not alone his intellectual 
equipment which won for him the 
soubriquet of the "God-like Daniel." 
His large, luminous black eyes, his 
expansive brow, his raven-black hair, 
his majesty of mien, his perfect poise 
and self-command, added to capti- 
vating social talents and a gentle, 
tender heart, led his enthusiastic 
admirers to think of him as almost 
more than human. 

The young lawyer must have had 
a reasonable measure of confidence in 
his own ability when he resolved to 


The Granite Monthly 

open an office in Portsmouth. He 
knew that Jeremiah Mason, then in 
the full maturity of his powers* was 
located there, and that lie must expect 
to encounter him as his leading com- 
petitor. Mr. Mason was not only 
the acknowledged leader of the New 
Hampshire bar, but one of the very 
ablest lawyers of his generation. At 
the age of sixty-four, influenced by his 
professional engagements, he removed 
to Boston, where he commanded an 
immense business for ,six years, at 
the end of which period he retired 
from active practice. 

In his autobiography Mr. Webster 
had this to say of him: ''For the 
nine years I lived in Portsmouth Mr. 
Mason and myself were on opposite 
sides, pretty much as a matter of 
course. * * ~* If there be in the 
country a stronger intellect, if there 
be a mind of more native resources, 
if there be a vision that sees quicker, 
or sees deeper into whatever is intri- 
cate, or whatever is profound, I must 
confess I have not known it. I have 
not written this paragraph without 
considering what it implies." Then, 
after alluding to John Marshall as the 
only individual who was possibly 
entitled to be considered his supsrior, 
he adds. "That the original reach of 
■his mind is greater, that its grasp is 
stronger, that its logic is closer, 1 do 
not allow/' 

That Mr. Webster should have been 
deemed by discerning clients qualified 
to cross swords with such an adversary 
is all that need be said of his profes- 
sional ability. But what a splendid 
school in which to develop his own 
masterly powers! Every contest a 
war of giants! It is pleasant to note 
that notwithstanding these profes- 
sional encounters, the personal rela- 
tions between the contestants were of 
the deepest and most abiding friend- 
ship. When Mr. Webster's house 
was burned in 1813, while lie was on 
his way to Washington to take his 
seat in congress (this was before the 
day of railroads and telegraphs), the 
Mason home was thrown open for Mr. 
AVebstcr's family, and there they were 

welcome guests till another dwelling 
place could be secured and furnished 
for their use. 

The prominence acquired by Mr. 
Webster as a member of the 13th 
and 14th Congresses not only gave 
him standing among the leading 
statesmen of the country, but opened 
the door to a large practice in the 
supreme court of the United States. 

The great business interests of New 
England centered in Boston, and 
these interests constrained him to 
remove to that city where he at once 
entered on a large and lucrative 
practice in both the state and federal 
courts. From 1817 to 1S23 he de- 
voted himself to the ever-increasing 
demands of his profession. His great 
argument in the Dartmouth College 
case in 1818 raised him to the very 
highest rank as a constitutional law- 
yer while his luminous arguments in 
the constitutional convention, which 
assembled in Boston in November, 
1820, served to demonstrate the 
marvelous wealth of his intellectual 

As the bi-centennial anniversary 
of the landing of the Mayflower 
approached, elaborate efforts were 
made to celebrate the event by ade- 
quate ceremonies, and all eyes turned 
to Mr. Webster as the orator of the 
clay. Great things were expected of 
him, of course, but his oration dis- 
counted all anticipations. It placed 
him in the front rank of the greatest 
orators of ancient or modern times. 
It made him the founder of a new 
and distinct school of oratory in 
which, as one of his biographers has 
well said, no one has become his equal. 
His oration at the laying of the corner 
stone of Bunker Hill monument, 
June 17, 1825, and at its completion, 
June 17, 1842; his speech at Boston 
August, 1826, on Adams and Jefferson; 
his lecture before the Mechanics 
Institute of Boston in 182S; his 
speech at a dinner given him by his 
friends in New York in 1830, indeed 
all his orations belong in the same 
class. They are all Websterian. They 
all bear the marks of the same great 

Daniel Webstei 


intellectual grasp and power. They 
%re all on the same exalted plane. 
They may be likened in a way to 
the great ocean liner which alike in 
calm and storm, en voyage or riding 
at anchor, displays the same majesty 
and poise and power. 

In 1S23 I\Ir. Webster was elected 
to congress from Massachusetts and 
reelected in 1825, and two years 
later was transferred to the Senate. 

I digress for a space at this point to 
take up another line of observation. 

Enough has been said to indicate 
that we are dealing with a man who 
could not escape being talked of for 
the presidency. As early as 1835 his 
name was frequently mentioned in 
that connection, and in December, 
1S36, he received the vote of the 
electors of his state for president. 

In 1840, however, the popular 
demand for General Harrison swept 
away all barriers and the campaign 
of 1840 was long remembered on 
account of its harmless and irre- 
pressible enthusiasm, and its crude 
appeals to the rural voters. 

In 1844, the popularity of Mr. Clay 
resulted in his nomination, but he 
was defeated on the Texas issue. 

In ISIS, Mr. Webster was encour- 
aged to hope for the nomination, but 
the nation was just emerging from 
the Mexican War and General Taylor 
was the hero of the hour, and the 
consideration of availability dom- 
inated the situation. That Mr. Web- 
ster was disgusted he took no pains to 
conceal, though he finally concluded 
to support the party ticket. A ch- 
eumstanee occurred in connection 
with this nomination which I learned 
from Austin F. Pike of Franklin, whom 
I * knew as a member of the 43d 
Congress from New Hampshire. Mr. 
Webster was stopping at "The Elms" 
at or about the time of the conven- 
tion, and one morning, after the 
nomination of Generab Taylor, he 
came into the village for his mail. 
Seeing Mr. Pike in front of his office 
and knowing him well both as political 
and personal friend, he said, with a 
gracious nod, waving his right hand, 

"Good morning. Colonel Pike." The 
greeting was understood, of course, 
in the sense intended. It was simply 
a recognition of the opening of a 
military campaign, in which the claims 
of statesmen were barred. 

Before the campaign of 1852 opened 
the treaty with Mexico had added a 
large area of territory to our domain 
on the west and southwest. It had 
been charged during the war that its 
leading object was the extension of 
slave territory and an embittered con- 
troversy at once sprung up between 
the North and the South as to whether 
slavery should be excluded from this 
territory by act of congress. The 
discussion of the subject in congress 
and in the press and on "The Stump" 
served to intensify sectional feeling, 
and to incite angry threats of seces- 
sion in the cotton growing states. 
Mr. Webster and Mr. Clay were in 
the Senate and necessarily in a posi- 
tion to appreciate and understand the 
meaning of the controversy. They 
were devoted to the Union. Their 
patriotism was distinctly of the 
national type. They were alarmed at 
the threats of secession which had 
every indication of sincerity. They 
knew that the bonds of union had been 
weakened in the South through the 
teachings of Calhoun and his disciples. 
It was under those circumstances that 
these great statesmen - reached the 
conclusion that an effort should be 
made to relieve the stress and strain 
of sectional feeling, and to arrange a 
basis on which the national sentiment 
should be restored and reestablished. 
It was a part of the plan that Mr. 
Webster as a leading statesman of the 
North should endeavor to impress 
the extremists of both sections with 
his own broad national convictions, 
and that Mr. Clay should formulate 
a basis on which, conservative citizens 
of both sections could agree to stand. 
Events which neither section could 
control had settled the status of Cal- 
ifornia as a free state, thus limiting 
the proposed legislation to New Mex- 
ico, by which name all the residue of 
the acquisition was known.. When 


The Granite Monthly 

the proper time arrived Mr. Webster 
delivered his notable seventh of 
March speech. The tone of the 
speech is distinctly national. Pro- 
found love for the Union breathes 
from every page. In argument it is 
clear and persuasive; in diction Web- 
sterian. Aside from the introductory 
portion, which is historical, the speech 
is devoted to two propositions: First,. 
that the physical condition of New 
Mexico created an absolute barrier 
to the introduction of slave labor; 
second, that peaceable secession of 
any one or more of the states was an 
obvious impossibility. His attitude 
on both of these propositions was 
overwhelmingly vindicated by sub- 
sequent events. He took occasion to 
deprecate and deplore the sectional 
spirit on both sides of the controversy, 
and to make it clear that in plead- 
ing for moderation and a revival of 
national sentiment,, he abated not one 
jot of his oft -expressed abhorrence of 
human slavery. 

The bitter and virulent criticism 
this speech called forth in the North 
is a matter of history. That this 
criticism was in the main sincere it 
would be idle to question; but, in 
dealing with this subject today in the 
light of all we now know, it is only fair 
to give Mr* Webster the benefit of his 
own view-point . He believed that the 
Union was in peril and we are now 
constrained to affirm that he was 
right. He was profoundly impressed 
with the great mission of the national 
government. With him this senti- 
ment was a passion. Jn public utter- 
ances and in private conversation he 
tried to impress his views upon his 
countrymen. He realized the drift 
of events as his constituents could not, 
and under a sense of duty which he 
could not ignore, he made his great 
plea for the restoration of national 
sentiment. So much we must in 
justice assume. It is vastly easy to 
charge that the speech was only a bid 
for the presidency, but there are 
equally strong reasons for affirming 
that he could not fail to know, if we 
credit him with average discernment, 

that the speech would tend to deprive 
him of the support of his Northern 
friends and thus put an end to his 
personal ambitions; for without their 
support he knew that he could not be 
nominated or elected to the presi- 
dency. That he made a mistake in 
consenting to be a candidate for 
president in 1S52 may be conceded. 
Had he declined the use of his name 
in that connection, his critics would 
have been deprived of a prominent 
basis for their attacks. For this 
mistake his friends are as much at 
fault as he. But, after all, the real 
question to be considered touches the 
integrity of Ins convictions. If he 
really believed that national convul- 
sion was impending and that it might 
be avoided by the exercise of charity 
and moderation on both sides, such 
belief becomes a persuasive factor in 
solving the problem. That this will 
prove the basis on which the final 
verdict of history will be recorded 
there is little room for doubt. 

Mr. Webster stands before the 
world as a unique, distinct and great 
historical figure; the leading lawyer, 
the leading statesman, the leading 
orator of his generation. In majesty 
of person and in wealth of intellectual 
resources he had no rival. He must 
be judged on the basis of his entire 
career; and it is only just and fair 
that the absorbing patriotism, which 
marked and illuminated his public 
life, his inspiring devotion to our flag 
and our institutions, his uniform 
respect for high national ideals, and 
the influence he exerted for the per- 
petuity of the republic be taken into 
the account in measuring his claims 
to grateful remembrance. 

At no time after Mr, Webster's 
death would the good Quaker poet 
have written 'Tchabod." It was 
struck off in the white heat of the 
poet's indignation, and no one can 
•read it now without regretting it was 
ever published. It is too uncharitable 
and violent to bear the test of time. 

On the ninth day of July, 1850, Pres- 
ident Taylor died; and, at the urgent 
instance of Vice-President Fillmore, 



Daniel Webster 


Mr. Webster resigned his seat in the 
Senate to assume, for fehe second time, 
the office of secretary of state; and in 
this instance, as a decade earlier, 
displaying the same distinguished 
ability which marked his service in 
both branches of congress, and at the 

I now come back to speak of Mr. 
Webster's speech in the Senate on the 
26th of January, 1830, in reply to 
the speech of Senator Hayne of South 
Carolina concluded the day before. 
Hayne was a brilliant orator, the idol 
of his party friends in the South and 
a champion of the Calhoun doctrine 
that the constitution was a compact 
between sovereign states in the nature 
of a league or confederation and not 
the basis of a national government 
with the usual and recognized lights 
and powers of sovereignty. As an 
incident of this doctrine, Mr. Hayne 
contended that an act of congress 
distinctly hostile to the business 
interests of a state was in violation 
of the spirit of the compact, and 
might be peaceably disregarded or 
nullified at the option of such state. 
The argumentative portions of his 
speech were on these lines, but the ar- 
gument was enlivened and illuminated 
by brilliant flights of oratory and 
marked by sectional and personal 
asperities quite in keeping with the 
orator's prejudices. He had his sub- 
ject well in hand and made as persua- 
sive and powerful an argument as 
could be made in support of his views. 
He was supported and inspired by a 
large and admiring audience, many 
of whom believed the speech unan- 
swerable- Indeed, some of Mr. Web- 
ster's friends were inclined to share in 
this view. Many gentlemen » took 
occasion to call on Mr. Webster in 
the evening to ascertain his state of 
mind. They found him cheerful and 
happy and apparently as little con- 
cerned over the situation as if nothing 
were expected of him. Judge Story 
dropped in to proffer suggestions, but 
Mr. Webster gave him no opportunity. 
He, himself, knew the weak points in 
Hayne's argument and was confident 

of his ability to expose them. It may 
be stated in this connection that the 
argument in support of the sovereignty 
of the national government for notional 
purposes had never been formulated up 
to this time, — a circumstance which 
should be kept in mind. Mr. Webster 
did not underrate the gravity and im- 
portance of his task, but he felt that 
he was equal to it. 

The brilliant speech of Hayne, par- 
ticularly its sectional aspects, had 
awakened a degree of interest in the 
discussion which can hardly be over- 
estimated. Long before Mr. Webster 
appeared, the Senate chamber was 
packed with an eager audience of both 
sexes; the House was so deserted 
that no business could be transacted, 
while the lobbies and all the approaches 
to the Senate chamber were crowded 
with excited people who could not 
even hear the sound of the orator's 
voice. Expectation was on tiptoe. 
When Mr. Webster approached his 
desk he was the personification of 
manly dignity and intellectual power, 
"a combination and a form indeed 
where every god did seem to set his 

With superb poise and composure 
Mr. Webster opened his speech in 
these words, "When the mariner has 
been tossed for many days in thick 
weather and on an unknown sea he 
naturally avails himself of the first 
pause in the storm, the earliest 
glance of the sun, to take his latitude 
and ascertain how far the elements 
have driven him from his true course. 
Let us imitate his prudence and before 
we float farther on the waves of this 
debate refer to the point from which 
we departed that we may at least be 
able to conjecture where we now are; 
I ask for the reading of the resolution." 

This unique and wholly unexpected 
introduction, relieved the tension and 
prepared the audience for what was 
to follow. The speech occupied four 
hours in delivery, and during ail this 
time a large part of his auditors 
remained standing with no apparent 
consciousness of fatigue. They were 
spellbound. When Mr. Webster 


The Granite Monthly 

came to that Well-known passage: 
"Mr, President,, I shall enter on no 
encomium upon Massachusetts; she 
needs none; there she is; behold her 
and judge for yourselves. There is 
her history: the world knows it by 
heart. There is Boston and Concord 
and Lexington and Bunker Hill, and 
there they will remain forever! The 
bones of her sons falling in the mighty 
struggle for independence lie mingled 
with the soil of every state from New 
England to Georgia, and there they 
will lie forever/' — tradition has it 
that the Massachusetts representa- 
tives grouped together were com- 
pletely overcome by their emotions. 
The thrill of state pride coupled with 
admiration for the great orator was 
more than the}* could withstand. And 
I may add without fear of exciting- 
doubt that when Mr. Webster closed 
his speech with that grand and in- 
spiring peroration so familiar to us 
all, the New England men, gathered 
there in the Senate chamber, coald 
have kissed the hem of his garment. 

They realized that they had been 
listening to a speech of unprecedented 
power. They had been led along by 
a train of reasoning so luminous, so 
conclusive that their minds were 
relieved from all doubt; and mingled 
with the feeling of admiration for the 
orator was the higher joy of realizing 
that the constitution had been vindi- 
cated from unworthy assault, and that 
the government of the fathers had not 
been builded on the sand but on 
strong and enduring foundations. 
They were not mistaken. The argu- 
ment to which they had listened was 
accepted by the masses of their 
countrymen as a finality, and consti- 
tuted the basis on which secession 
and nullification were finally buried 
at Appomattox. 

Whether Webster had answered 
Hayne was never mooted. The im- 
pression seemed to be that he had 
been dealing with a vital misunder- 
standing of the organic law rather 
than with Hayne, and that his argu- 
ment was demonstration. As an 
evidence of the ephemeral character 

of fame resting on brilliant oratory 

alone, not linked with anything of 
permanent value or real human inter- 
est, it is worthy of note that the 
principal circumstance which rescues 
Hayne's name from oblivion is that 
he made the speech which Webster 

1 have no time or inclination to 
attempt an analysis of this speech, 
but I venture a few words of comment 
upon some of its salient features. I 
first saw it when a boy of twelve or 
fifteen. It had been sent to my 
father and I found it in a mass of old 
papers stored away in the attic and 
read it. I could not comprehend the 
argument, of course, but I well remem- 
ber how delighted I was with the 
rhetorical passages. I have read it 
many times since and always with 
admiration and an enlarged impres- 
sion of its merits. It is so broad and 
so intensely national in spirit that we 
can fancy we hear the patriot fathers 
speaking through the orator's lips. 
This is the keynote of the speech. 
It is a great, a masterly plea for the 
national government, and Ave are not 
surprised at the enduring impression 
it made upon public sentiment. It 
was a magnificent tribute to the great 
and wise men who framed the con- 
stitution, and so established in the 
new world a republic for themselves 
and their children. The tone of the 
speech is above criticism. It is 
elevated, dignified and absolutely 
free from narrowness and personal 
asperity. Its diction is superb, felic- 
itous, captivating. Its argument is 
remarkable for its thoroughness, its 
comprehensive grasp of the subjects 
with which it deals and for its mar- 
velous skill in construction and detail. 
It is like the painting of a great 
master in which not a touch of the 
brush is missing. As an example of 
forensic power and constructive skill, 
of sustained eloquence and inspiring 
sentiment, it has never been surpassed 
and perhaps never equalled. It must 
ever be regarded as illustrating the 
highest reach of luminous reasoning, 

Daniel Websk 




coupled with a diction as superb and 
matchless as the argument it embalms. 
In his interesting sketch of Web- 
ster, Mr. Lodge remarks that "when 
the constitution was adopted there 
was not a man in the country, from 
Washington and Hamilton on the one 
side to George Clinton and George 
Mason on the other, who regarded 
the new system as anything but 
an experiment entered upon by the 
states, from which each and every 
state had the right peaceably to with- 
draw, a right which was very likely 
to be exercised/' It is difficult to 
understand on -what "this statement 
was based. It is utterly inconsistent 
with the attitude on which ratification 
was so fiercely antagonized, to wit: 
that the central government would 
naturally and necessarily absorb the 
rights of the states, and thus endanger 
the liberties of the people; it is incon- 
sistent with the reasons given by a 
considerable number of delegates for 
withdrawing from the convention, 
which were the same as those above 
stated; it is inconsistent with the 
character and objects of the consti- 
tution as demonstrated by Mr. Web- 
ster ; it is inconsistent with the gravity 
of the task undertaken by the great 
men who framed the constitution and 
who ought not to bear the odium of 
trifling with their solemn duties and 
responsibilities, by setting up a govern- 
ment in which they had no faith; it 
is inconsistent with the report Wash- 
ington was ordered and directed, as 
president of the constitutional con- 
vention, to make to congress, in 
which he says: "In all our deliber- 
ations on this subject" — the perpe- 
tuity of the government — "we kept 
constantly in our view that which 
appears to us the greatest interest 
of every true American, the consol- 
idation of our Union, in which is in- 
volved our prosperity, felicity, safety, 
perhaps our national existence/" Mr. 
Foster, in his interesting work on the 
constitution, declares that "nowhere 
in the federal or state conventions, 
uor in the pamphlet- on either side of 
the question of ratification do we find 

a hint of the right of secession/'' 
The articles of confederation em- 
braced the solemn pledge that the 
league between the states was to be 
perpetual; and, when the objects to 
be secured by the constitution were 
formulated, the first to find expression 
is stated in these words, "In order 
to form a more perfect Union." 
When Hamilton wrote Madison for 
his opinion as to whether a state 
in ratifying the constitution could 
reserve the right to withdraw, Mad- 
ison promptly responded in the neg- 

Senator Bell of New Hampshire 
(a resident, by the way, of my native 
town, whose stately figure was im- 
pressed on my early recollection) 
said to Mr. Webster, before he entered 
the Senate chamber on that memo- 
rable day, "It is a critical moment, 
Mr. Webster, and it is time — high 
time— that the people of this country 
should know what this constitution 
is." "By the blessing of Heaven," 
answered Air. Webster, "they shall 
learn this day, before the sun goes 
down, what I understand it to be." 
The world knows in what transcend- 
ent fashion that promise was re- 

To Daniel Webster and John A Tar- 
shall our government owes a debt of 
gratitude it can never repay for 
rescuing it from portentous peril and 
inspiring the people with genuine 
national sentiment and devotion; 
and to General Jackson for squelching 
nullification in the very hot-bed of its 

There are numerous incidents in 
connection with our theme which 
plead for recognition. His love for 
the old homestead in New Hamp- 
shire; his affection for his parents 
and his brother; his distinguished 
social gifts; his professional experi- 
ences; his visit to Jefferson and Mad- 
ison in 1S24; his trip abroad in 1839; 
the royal welcome extended to him 
by his neighbors and friends in Bos- 
ton in July, 1852; one of the most 
remarkable demonstrations ever wit- 
nessed on this continent; his last 


The Granite Monthly 

days at MarshfieH, are among the 
topics which challenge attention,, but 
I forbear. 

It is not difficult to indicate the 
basis on which the fame of Mr. 
Webster will live when stately mau- 
soleums have crumbled into dust. 
That he was an enlightened and 
sagacious statesman no one doubts. 
But not on his statesmanship primar- 
ily will be assigned his rank in 
history. It will rest on his champion- 
ship of the nationality of the govern- 
ment, on his standing and achieve- 
ments as a great lawyer, and on the 
fact that he was the" founder and 
exemplar of a distinct school of 
oratory which, in its power to excite 
universal admiration, and appeal to 
the heart of our common humanity 
will endure when "mighty states 
characterless are grated to dusty 
nothing.' ' 

In the mutations of time and the 
rise and fail of parties posterity may 
forget that he was in his time a great 
and honored statesman, but his won- 
derful speeches and orations can never 
be forgotten. They are imperishable. 
They will be cherished and repeated 
to the last syllable of recorded time. 

Mr. Webster died at his home in 
Marshfield on the morning of October 
24th, 1852, in the 71st year of his age. 
Coming out of a troubled sleep for 
just a moment of consciousness, he 
uttered the memorable words which 
seemed to carry a prophetic sugges- 

tion, "I still live," and a little later 
his great soul took its flight. 

Notwithstanding the public had 
been prepared, by the published bul- 
letins, for the inevitable, the knowl- 
edge of his death produced a profound 
impression. A great orb had sunk 
behind the national horizon never to 
appear again. The sad message was 
flashed to every quarter of the conti- 
nent and everywhere touched a sym- 
pathetic chord. One expression was 
on all lips, "We shall never look upon 
his like again." The people realized 
as if by intuition that men of Mr. 
Webster's type are never duplicated. 
And while some grieved that he had 
failed to reach the goal of his ambition, 
the prevailing and maturer conviction 
was that no station, however exalted, 
could have magnified his fame. 

In memoriam, it has been common 
to refer to Mr. Webster as sleeping 
by the sea where the music of the 
waves breaking on a rock-bound coast 
is forever chanting a requiem to his 
memory. The conception is appro- 
priate and impressive, but I love 
rather to think of him as still a living 
force in our national life, and to fancy 
that I hear him now as when he moved 
among men and listening senates 
hung upon his words pleading for 
"liberty and union, now and forever, 
one and inseparable." The leaves 
fall and wither and the flowers perish 
at the north wind's breath, but the 
stars shine on forever and forever. 


By Georgiana Rogers 

Everything goes by comparison 
In this work-a-day world of ours, 

That is the way they judge us, 

By the other man's talents and powers. 

Even by your cares and comforts 
You are sized up in that same way, 

And by some one else's poor salary 
They decide that you have good pay. 

J 77, 


Her Capture and Famous Exploit Recounted 
By E, IT'. B. Taylor 



Haverhill is the child of destiny — 
an inland village on the Merrimack. 
Not having the steep water falls of the 
upper river and the harbor of the 
lower, it pursued its own way until 
the settlement of the Puritans became 
a village, the village a town and the 
town the Haverhill of today. 

Little could good man Ward, row- 
ing up the river that summer day, 
nearly two hundred and seventy-five 
years ago, imagine that the log hut 
he was to build held the germs of 
today's city, with its factories, its 
steam and electric railways, its electric 
lights, its telegraph and telephones, 
its fire department and water works, 
the very invention of which was not 
even dreamed of. Pentucket, so the 
Indians called the spot, was begun 
in 1640 by English emigrants who 
brought to Massachusetts their Eng- 
lish Essex and recalled their old homes 
in the names they gave the new. 

In honor of the native town of the 
first minister and leader, John Ward, 
the English Haverhill became the new 
Haverhill. Honorable in their earliest 
dealings, its people bought the land 
from the Indians, the original dc?ed 
being still preserved in the city 
archives. I am very proud to say. 
while it is the home of my adoption 
(how I love it and everybody in it!) 
on my children's paternal side , their 
forefather's name follows that of John 
Ward in the signing of the deed, and 
also in 1645 his name is second as a 

Honest dealings with the owners of 
the soil did not protect them from the 
attacks of the hostile Indians, and, 
as Haverhill occupied a position lying 
on the outermost edge of the settle- 
ments, it was more exposed to the 
vindictiveness of the hostile bands 
that followed the valley of the Merri- 

mack, or across the country. For 
nearly a half century Haverhill suf- 
fered, being almost daily expecting 
an attack. History says a meeting 
was called to consider abandoning 
the settlement. There still remain 
on its borders several garrison houses, 
built of brick to guard against fire, 
of good size to afford safe retreat 
with convenient loopholes, which 
leave to us the undeniable suggestion 
of danger and heroism in the lives of 
our forefathers. Heroism is a divine 
attribute — patriotism honors it — to 
record its achievements is a pleasure 
as well as a duty. So my story of 
Hannah Dustin which has made 
Haverhill memorable far beyond the 
town's horizon. Forever will its his- 
tory be remembered, transmitted and 
cherished as a household treasure. 
Like an heirloom it imparts inspira- 
tion — inspiration that shall tend to 
elevate the hearts of the sons and 
daughters, descendants of the old 
New England home mothers, through- 
out the uncounted ages yet to come; 
mothers who lived in a day of trial, 
whose endurance, faithfulness and 
valor were tried and made manifest 
in the midst of savages, but whose 
historic truthfulness has never been 

On the fifteenth of March. 1697, 
the Indians made their descent upon 
Haverhill and, according to Indian 
warfare, they divided their tribe into 
small parties and made an attack all 
around the town, everywhere at 
nearly the same moment; so on that 
day, in and about the little village, 
they took and carried away thirteen 
captives, burned nine dwelling houses 
and killed twenty-seven of its people, 
men, women and children. 

They came to the house of Thomas 
Dustin, who was living in the out- 


The Granite Mdnthly 

skirts. This man was abroad at bis 
usual labor, probably at his brick 
yard, and upon the first alarm he flew 
to the house with the hope of hurrying 
to a place of safety his family, con- 
sisting of his wife, who had been con- 
fined a week only in child bed, her 
nurse, Mary Xeff, from the neighbor- 
hood, and eight children. Seven of 
the children he ordered to flee with 
utmost expedition in the course oppo- 
site that in which the danger was 
approaching and went himself to 
assist his wife. But, &'he, relying on 
her better understanding of the 
Indians, having been born on the site 
of what is now the Boston & Maine 
depot, and an Indian village not an 
eighth of a mile away on Washington 
Square, begged him to leave her and 
care for himself and the children. He, 
despairing of rendering her any ser- 
vice, flew to the door, mounted his 
horse determined to snatch up the 
child with which he was unable to 
part when he should overtake the 
little flock. When he came up to 
them, about two hundred yards from 
the house, he could not make a choice 
or leave any of the number and 
therefore he determined to take his 
lot with them and to defend them 
from their would-be murderers or die 
by their sides. A body of Indians 
pursued and came up with him and 
from near distances fired at him and 
his little company. He returned the 
fire and retreated alternately, for more 
than a mile, keeping so resolute a face 
to the enemy retiring in the rear of 
his charge, returning the fire of his 
enemies so often and with such good 
success, and sheltering his terrified 
companions, that he finally lodged 
them, safe from the pursuing butchers, 
in a distant garrison house. To me 
this act of- bravery of Thomas Dustin 
makes him a hero. His strenuous 
efforts in saving his seven children 
from the cruel grasp of the savages 
on that terrible day, with his home 
reduced to ashes and his wife carried 
away captive, were indeed most 

This hero came from Dover, N. H. 

He seems to have been a man of con- 
siderable note and. influence in Haver- 
hill. He was a constable, a maker of 
brick and also of almanacs on rainy 
days, and was keeper of a garrison 
at his new brick house at Dustin 
Square which was partially finished 
the preceding year. 

Another party of the Indians 
entered the house immediately after 
Mr. Dustin left it and found Mrs. 
Dustin and her nurse, who was 
attempting to fly with the infant in 
her arms. Mrs. Dustin was ordered 
to rise instantly, and before she could 
completely dress herself they obliged 
her and her companion to leave the 
house, after they had plundered it 
and set it on fire. There, at her own 
threshold, Hannah Dustin heard the 
terrible war cry of savages seeking 
blood. There and then she had wit- 
nessed the twelve captives, other than 
herself, driven away from Haverhill 
to be murdered or to be sold as slaves. 
There and then she had heard the wail 
of helpless women and children at the 
slaughter of twenty-seven of her own 
clear neighbors; had seen the blood- 
stained tomahawk; had seen the 
apple tree, crimsoned over as it had 
been with the life blood of her own 
infant ; saw in the distance the flames, 
crackling and bursting from eight 
homes as well as her own. 

This Indian massacre was a terrible 
blow to Haverhill. Some of its most 
useful citizens and promising youth 
were among the slain and captured. 
That mother was too weak, too 
cautious and too brave so show the 
least emotion. These traits of char- 
acter as they appeared throughout 
that terrible trial day must be 
regarded as a climax to true heroism. 

Her conductors were unfeeling, 
insolent and revengeful. Murder was 
their glory and torture their sport. 
Her infant was in her nurse's arms, and 
infants were the customary victims of 
savage barbarity. The company pro- 
ceeded but a short distance when an 
Indian, thinking it an incumbrance, 
took the child out of the nurse's 
arms and dashed its head against a 

Hannah Dustin of Haverhill 


tree. What were then the feelings 
of that mother Such of the other 
captives as began to weary and to 
lag the Indians tomahawked. Feeble 
as Mrs. Dustin was, both she and her 
nurse sustained the fatigue of the 
journey, Mrs. Dustin's wounded feet 
leaving blood marks on the snow. 
Their distress for the death of the 
child and of their companions, and 
anxiety for those whom they had left 
behind, and the increasing terror for 
themselves kept these>unhappy women 
so intensely excited that, notwith- 
standing all their exposure to cold 
and hunger, sleeping on damp ground, 
under stormy skies, they made the 
distance of a hundred and fifty 
miles, continuing their ramblings 
northward by and near the Merrimack 
until they reached that Indian fort 
on the island between the waters 
of the Contoocook and Merrimack 
rivers. This island of about two 
acres is about seventy-five miles from 
here according to our reckoning, 
but by the Indians' 150 miles. 

Before they reached the island the 
tribe divided into two parts, one con- 
tinuing north, while the others, with 
Mrs. Dustin, Mrs. Neff and Samuel 
Leonardson, a youth of fourteen years 
whom the Indians had taken at 
Worcester, Mass., previous to the 
Dustin massacre, crossed over in their 
birch canoes to the island, between 
the safe surroundings at the junction 
of these two beautiful rivers. 

The wigwam to which they were 
conducted and which belonged to the 
savage who claimed them as his 
property contained twelve persons. 
On their way the Indians had talked 
of another fort of theirs in Canada, 
and it was to that place, they told 
their captives, they were to be taken 
and to be forced to run the gauntlet. 

The gauntlet was usually performed 
in this manner. There were two 
files of Indians, of both sexes, and 
all ages, containing all who could be 
mustered in the village and the 
unhappy victims were obliged to run 
between them, when they were scoffed 
at and beaten by each one as they 

passed and were made marks of, at 
which the younger Indians threw" 
their hatchets. Then, too, the tribes 
added the worse cruelty of making 
sales of their captives to the French 
in Canada who used them as slaves, 
as the French were hostile to the 
English settlers. 

The two women resolved not to 
endure this indignity and danger, 
preferring death. Mrs. Dustin 
planned a means of escape, and her 
nurse and the lad were to help her. 

Young Samuel had been a captive 
for a year and the Indians believed 
him to be faithful to them and did 
not suppose the women would have 
courage to attempt to escape, so they 
did not keep watch. On the clay 
before the plan was to be carried out 
Mrs. Dustin had the lad make inquiries 
of the Indians how to kill a man 
instantly and how to take off his scalp. 
''Strike him here" said the Indian 
putting his finger on his temple, 
"and take off his scalp so." Before 
daylight the next morning when the 
whole tribe was deep in slumber, 
Mrs, Dustin with the nurse and lad 
instantly killled ten of the twelve 
sleeping Indians, she slaying her 
captor and Samuel killing the man 
who had told him how to do it. A 
squaw and boy fled to the woods 
but not until the woman had received 
thirteen wounds — (Cotton Mather's 
account.) In corroboration of this 
story it was told by Hannah Bradley 
of this town, who was a captive and 
afterwards made a thrilling escape 
from the tribe who parted with Mrs. 
Dustin's party and went northward, 
that the woman found the way to 
their camp and told her story of the 

The boy, whom they let sleep 
intending to bring him away with 
them, suddenly aroused and hurried 
away from this desolation. The pris- 
oners, after scuttling all the boats 
but one and filling that with all the 
food and ammunition they could find, 
started do vvn the river. They had not 
gone far before Mrs. Dustin remem- 
bered they had not scalped their 


The Granite Monthly 

victims and that her friends might- 
want proof of her story. They then 
returned, took the scalps and wrapped 
them in the linen cloth that the 
Indians tore from the loom in her 
own house. In returning to the 
island the prisoners just escaped 
falling in with a band of 250 savages 
who were on their way to Canada. 
With strong hearts they started down 
river for home, every moment in peril 
of savages or the eionents. They 
washed the blood stains from their 
hands and clothes in the water as 
they floated clown. There was no 
.settlement at Concord nor anywhere 
on the river above Nashua. But in 
some way they got around the falls 
and through the rapids and. with re- 
markable escapes, they reached home 
in safety and were received as persons 
risen from the dead. Mr. Dust in 
was dropping corn in the field when he 
heard the news of his wife's arrival 
and throwing down the dish he ran 
for joy to meet her. Soon afterwards 
she went to Boston carrying with her 
a gun and a tomahawk which she had 
brought from the wigwam, and her 
ten trophies. 

It must have been at this time that 
Cotton Mather, the historian of those 
days, got the story, for this divine 
had it from the women themselves 
and he lost no time in setting forth 
the details. The story of this exploit, 
as told by Cotton Mather, may be 
accepted as one of the best accounts. 
Mather was looked upon as the his- 
torian of his time and was considered 
the best living authority on New 
England annals. A bounty was at 
first refused them because it was 
stated that they killed the Indians in 
cold blood. ''No/' said Mrs. Dustin, 
"my blood never was cool with them 
after they took my infant baby, only 
eight days old, and dashed its brains 
out against an apple tree before my 
face and eyes." 

Under the date of June 10, 1697, 
in the ancient records of the Massa- 
chusetts general court is found the 
following: "Voted, in concurrence 
with the representatives, that there 

be allowed and ordered out of the 
Publick treasury unto Thomas Dus- 
ton, on behalf of Hannah, his wife, 
the sum of twenty-five pounds, To 
Mary Neff the sum of twelve pounds 
and ten shillings, and to vSamuel 
Leonardson the sum of twelve pounds 
ten shillings." 

With the money thus obtained the 
Dustins bought some two hundred 
acres of land, with the location of 
which many are more familiar than I. 
Private citizens gave her many memo- 
rials for her heroic conduct, and in 
recognition of her heroism she was 
made the recipient of many honors 
among the people of her own and adja- 
cent colonies. Governor Nicholson 
of the Massachusetts colonies read 
an account in a paper of the day and 
sent a metal tankard to Mrs, Dustin 
and Mrs. Neff as a token of his admi- 

During the summer of 1S74, one 
hundred and seventy-seven years 
after the event, citizens of Massachu- 
setts and New Hampshire erected 
on the highest point of Dustin (now 
Concord) island, a granite monument 
commemorative of the heroic deed. 
It displays a figure of Mrs. Dustin 
holding in her right hand, raised in 
the attitude of striking, a tomahawk, 
and a bunch of scalps in her other. 
On it are inscribed the names of 
Hannah Dustin, Mary Neff and Sam- 
uel Leonardson, also March 15—1697- 
30. The war whoop, tomahawk, fag- 
got and infanticides were at Haver- 
hill; the ashes of wigwam camp fires 
at night, and of ten of the tribe are 

The Dustin Monument Association 
was organized in October, 1S55, in- 
corporated in 1856 and reorganized 
in 1907. It erected a marble shaft 
on the site of the old homestead, but 
payment was delayed on account of 
the excitement connected with the 
Civil War. The contractor put it 
up at auction and Doctor Barker, a 
dentist of this town, acting for Mr. 
Pickard of Woburn, bought it, and 
Mr. Edwin Gage took it down. It 
was afterwards sold to the town of 

Hannah Dustin of Haverhill 


Barre, Mass., for a soldiers' monument, 

where it now stands. 

On November 25, 1S79, the monu- 
ment on City Hall park, Haverhill, 
was presented to the city by Mr. E. 
J. M. Hale, the designer being Mr,. 
C. H. Week?. Mr. Hale says: "This 
monument is erected in honor of 
Hannah Dust on and presented to 
my native town in order to keep 
alive and to perpetuate in the 
minds of all here arrtl of all those 
who shall come after us, the re- 
membrance of her courage and 
undaunted valor, and the patient 
endurance and fortitude of our ances- 
tors, and to animate our hearts with 
noble ideas and patriotic feelings." 
The monument stands on the site of 
the first church, to the back of which 
was added a school house of two 
stories which served as a watch house 
as well. In 1748 the first bell of the 
town was imported from England 
and the following year, 1749, the 
whipping post and stocks were erected 
just back of the church. 

The boulder placed by the Asso- 
ciation in 1903 on the site of the first 
monument weighs 60,000 pounds. 
Head what Mr. Towne has to say of 
it. There is a memorial stone of 
about five feet in height erected by 
the D. A. R. in 1902 which marks the 
spot near Nashua., N. H., where 
Hannah Dustin spent the night on 
her return to Haverhill. 

There is no other woman in the 
United States, and I doubt if any in 
the history of the world, who has 
four and, if we count the displaced 
one, five monuments and two tablets 
erected to her memory. Heroic actions 
and brave deeds always claimed the 
admiration of mankind. 

If we bestow the praise on brave 
acts performed by the sterner sex, 
what higher tribute do they merit 
when performed by gentle woman? 
But woman, while resting her claims 
to admiration chiefly on the mild 
grace and sweet charities of life has 
shown herself capable of the most 
patient endurance and the most 
exalted courage. The earlier records 

of New England and of our own 
Haverhill would have given instances 
that would be an honor to the bravest 

The after history of Mrs. Dustin is 
somewhat vague and. uncertain — but 
from her sprang a people who have 
done well their part in the making of 
New England. Not as a prototype 
of the fabled Amazon should we think 
of Mrs. Dustin but rather as a stern, 
unyielding matron of that time whose 
prime conditions were virtue, char- 
acter and self-denial. We can think 
of her as looking well to the ways of 
her household, who baked and brewed 
spun and wove, caring for her thir- 
teen children; that she owned cove- 
nant and received full communion in 
her church, and no doubt went with 
her husband to present their children 
for baptism. 

Occasionally we find that our Colo- 
nial mothers appended their signature 
marks to deeds wherein the husband 
conveyed property, though it was by 
no means necessary to the validity 
of the transfer that a wife should, of 
her own volition, release her claims 
to landed estate. 

I cannot, leave this interesting 
story without making special mention 
of Mrs. Neff. who was the daughter 
of George Corless. Her husband was 
killed in the Indian warfare, leaving 
her with one son, so that Mary as well 
as Mrs. Dustin was a New England 
mother. At her capture by the 
Indians she was a widow, and was 
some eleven years older than Mrs, 
Dustin. Upon notice that her neigh- 
bor and friend, Mrs. Dustin, was sick 
and in need of care, Mary was at her 
bedside. From this and other evi- 
dences we may well know that the 
household, its good health and indeed 
the well-being of that whole neigh- 
borhood, belonged to Mary. They 
must have found her a generous, 
genial soul, of great strength of mind 
and force of character, a force in the 
sight of justice and duty too strong 
to be alarmed by the war whoops, 
or disconcerted at sight of the toma- 
hawk and scalping knife. Through 


The Granite Monthly 

all. that dreadful time Mary fcept 
close to her charge, hugging close to 
her bosom the babe until it was torn 
from her arms, then giving special 
.care and encouragement to its sick 
mid heart stricken and bereaved 
mother. God be praised for the 
xecord of such women; they make our 
own hearts beat the faster and spur 
us on to nobler actions, 

Of Samuel's parentage of his birth, 
death or burial, there is meager 
account. The known incidents in his 
life are his capture at Worcester, his 
help in the slaughter at Contoocook 
and his presence at Boston in April 
and again in June, there to receive 
from the "Great and General Court" 
of Massachusetts a reward for the 
heroic action of his youth. 

The boy, Samuel C. Leonardson, 
with the father, Samuel Leonardson, 
and family, later went to Preston,. 
Connecticut, where he married and 
had four children. He died May 11, 
1718. Samuel senior came from 
Bridgewater to Worcester, before 
1690, it is believed.* 

Capt. Nehemiah Emerson, a de- 
scendant of Michael Emerson who 
settled in Haverhill in 1(356, married 
Hannah Webster and their oldest 
daughter, Hannah, married" Thomas 
Dustin. Hannah was born in 1657 
and married Thomas Dustin in 1677. 
They had thirteen children, nine of 
them living to grow up. Martha was 
the babe slain and Lydia was born 
after her return from captivity, Octo- 
ber 4, 1698. Hannah was propounded 
March 17, 1727, and admitted to the 
church on the common in March 31, 
1727. She was thirty-nine years and 
three months old when captured and 
died in 1735, or thereabouts, aged 
about 78 years. Her grave is un- 
known. No doubt her children were 
buried on the farm and as a matter of 
sentiment, if such may be allowed 
in a woman of her temperament, she 
requested to be laid beside him. 

The march of progress has obliterated 
all trace of them. 

Mrs; Dustin made success a duty, 
though to win it required the shedding 
of much blood, but all ages will 
justify her act and applaud the 
heroism of that victorious hour, which 
restored to her the right of life. 

The Hannah Duston Boulder. 

The recently erected boulder, moved 
to the old home site from the vicinity 
of Bradley's Brook, and heretofore 
often called the "Bradley's Boulder" 
is not only a most beautiful stone in 
itself but most interesting geologi- 

It is of the variety of coarse granite 
known as "porphyritic granite." In 
general/a rock known as "porphyry" 
is one of igneous (fire) origin, and has 
distinct crystals of some mineral that 
has thus crystallized on cooling. In 
the case of this boulder, the most 
prominent are crystals of feldspar, 
imbedded in a matrix largely of 

This variety is unknown in the 
solid earth crust of Haverhill, where 
the native rock is mostly soft and 
unenduring mica schist, which soon 
shows iron rusting and rapidly crum- 
bles. This boulder has been a hardy 
traveller, probably from some moun- 
tain side far to the north, in New 
Hampshire. No such rock is known 
to the writer as "in place" (£. e. in 
ledge form) nearer than twenty miles 
from Haverhill. This rock undoubt- 
edly travelled to us on and in and 
under the great continental glacier 
once located here, to a depth of some 
thousand or more feet. It shows 
most striking signs of its hard passage: 
the front, as now set up, being almost 
as smooth as if polished by an emery 

This has resulted in sharply bring- 
ing out the beaut}' of the enclosed 
crystals. Of such nature as this is 
the famous "Rollstone" on Rollstone 

*A tablet has been placed upon the Davis Tower, in Lake Park. Worcester, to mark the 
site of the home of Samuel L^norson whence his son Samuel was stolen by the Indians 
in 1695. 

A Lost Note 


Hill, in Fitchburg. now a special care 
of that city. 

A similar but much smaller speci- 
men; lias just been unearthed in the 
clay covering of the new high school 
lot, corner of Summer ' and Main 
streets, and has been removed for safe 
keeping to the rear of the present 
high school, Xewell street. 

Other specimens are to be found 
in almost every stone> wall in this 
vicinity. One of about the size of 
the Duston Memorial boulder has 
been seen by the writer embedded 

in the Gay Head Clay Cliffs on 
Martha's Vineyard, the terminus of 
the glacier. 

As the lowest estimate usually 
assigned since the glacial period, is 
some 10,000 years, the securing of so 
ancient a rock, one that has been so 
durable and likely to prove most 
enduring among boulders, should be 
a cause . of congratulation to the 
Dustin-Duston Society. 

LlNWOOI) 0. Towne. 
High School, Haverhill, Mass. 


By Moses Gage Shirley. 

I used to hear them drumming 

In the wildwood long ago, 
When the springtime came to greet us 

And the shad bush was in blow. 


But now where'er I wander 

Through the valleys, o'er the hill, 

And listen for the music, 
But the drumming it is still. 

With dogs and automobiles 
The sportsmen from the town 

Have entered ever}' cover 

And shot the wild grouse down. 

Today it's hard to find them 
Where once they used to beat 

Their drumming wings together 
In manv a safe retreat. 

There is a sense of sadness 

For the springtime it has come, 

And the shad bush is in blossom 
But no more the wild grouse drum. 

O lost note of the wildwood, 
Sweet as the vecry's song, 

With days that have departed 
Doth the memory belong. 


The Granite Monthly 



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To Whom Belongs the Honor of Securing the Abolition of 

Flogging in the Xavy? 




It has been generally understood 
in New Hampshire for the last half 
century, that the credit for bringing 
about the abolition oMlogging in the 
United States Xavy belongs to the 
late Hon. John P. Hale of Dover, who 
occupied a seat in the Senate of the 
United States for more years than any 
other incumbent up to the time of 
the present senior senator, and who 
also enjoyed the distinction of being 
the first acknowledged and avowed 
anti-slavery man to be elected to that 
body. Recently, however, there ap- 
peared in the Washington Post an 
article in which the writer set up the 
claim that to Commander Uriah P. 
Levy was due the chief credit for 
effecting the reform in question. 

Attention is called to this matter 
in this state by the reproduction in 
the Concord Monitor of a letter which 
we copy below, written to the Post by 
Mrs. Lucy Hale Chandler, wife of 
Ex-Senator William E. Chandler, and 
a daughter of Mr. Hale. In this 
connection it may be remarked that 
it is the purpose of the Granite 
Monthly to make a thorough inves- 
tigation of the claim set up in favor 
of Commander Levy and to present 
the results in some subsequent issue. 
Mrs. Chandler's letter is as follows: 

Editor Post: I wish you to correct one 
.statement in the Post of this morning. In 
the article referring to the rejection by the 
Metropolitan Club of a nephew of Com- 
mander Uriah P. Levy, it states that Com- 
mander Levy was mainly instrumental in the 
abolition of flogging in the United States 
navy. I wish to correct this statement 
because it was my father's pet mission for 
years when he was United States senator 
from New Hampshire. I have now in my 
possession a gold medal, upon which is the 
following inscription: "Presented to the Hon. 
John P. Hale by the crew of the man-of-war 

Germantown as a mark of their appreciation 
of his meritorious efforts for the abolition of 
flogging in the United States navy. Pre- 
sented October 15, 1855." 

My father was received on the Germantown 
when all the sailors were drawn up on the 
deck to receive him. He was received by 
Commander Nicholson and crew on board 
the man-of-war Gerrnaniown in Boston har- 
bor, who thanked Mm for his noble efforts 
in abolishing flogging in the navy, and pre- 
sented him. with the gold medal, and then 
manned the yards in his honor. It was not 
until twelve years after, however, that he 
secured the abolition of the spirit ration. 
In September, 1850, he made a final impas- 
sioned appeal to the senate to stand no 
longer in the way of the abolition of flogging 
in the navy, and on the same day a bill was 
passed ending the practice. 

Lucy L. H. Chandler. 

Note. John Parker Hale was born in 
Rochester March 31, 1808; educated at 
Phillips Exeter Academy and Bowdoin Col- 
lege, graduating from the latter in 1820; 
studied law in Rochester and Dover, was 
admitted to the bar in 1830 and located in 
practice in Dover, where he gained high rank 
as an able lawyer and eloquent advocate. 
He took an active interest in politics as a 
Democrat, served in the Legislature from 
1834 to 1838; was appointed United States 
District Attorney by President Jackson in 
1S32 and served till his removal by President 
Tyler for political reasons in 1841. He 
was chosen to the twenty-eighth congress, 
serving from 1843 to 1845, but was refused 
renornination by his party because of his 
opposition to the administration of President 
Polk in regard to the annexation of Texas. 
He ran independently, making a vigorous 
stumping campaign, during which occurred 
his famous debate with General Pierce in the 
old North Church in Concord. The result 
was no election, and the state, then entitled 
to four, had only three representatives in the 
twenty-ninth congress, though three attempts 
to elect were made. In 1846 Mr. Hale was 
elected to the Legislature, made speaker of 
the House, and chosen United States senator 
for six years from March, 1847, by a coalition 
of Whigs and Free Soilers, which had elected 


The Granite Monthly 

Anthony Colby governor. In 1-853 he was 
succeeded by Charles G. Atherton, but on 
the death of the latter two years later he was 
chosen his successor for the balance of the 
term — four years — and reelected for a full 

term, making sixteen years of senatorial 
service in all, ending in March, 1865, when he 
was appointed United States minister to 
Spain, serving till 1S69. He died at Dover, 
November 19, 1S73. 


A New Hampshire Woman Now Well at the Front. 

While New Hampshire men have 
ever been conspicuous, in every walk 
of life, at home and in all parts of the 
country, the women of the state, also, 
have demons crated their merit in 
various fields of effort aside from the 
all important one of the home-maker. 


Flora Kendall Edraond 

As teachers, as preachers, physicians, 
poets and authors, the daughters of 
New Hampshire have long been 
famous; but it is only in recent years 
that any among them have become 
conspicuous in the lecture field. 
Although comparatively a new- 

comer in the field of effort it is safe 
to say that Flora Kendall Edmond 
of Manchester already holds first rank 
in the state, and is the peer, in merit 
and reputation, of many beyond its 
borders of longer experience and more 
extended observation. 

Mrs. Edmond was born in the town 
of Bedford, August 22, 1874, the 
daughter of Edmund and Frances 
(McNeil) Kendall, her mother being 
a descendant of the noted Gen. John 
McNeil. She was educated in the 
Manchester public schools, in New 
York private schools and a business 
college, and commenced work in life 
as a bookkeeper, but incidentally, 
or accidentally, made her way into 
journalism, engaging first as a reporter 
for the Manchester News, and subse- 
quently entering the service of the 
Mirror as society reporter,, doing 
most satisfactory work in that line. 
She is now a member of the Mirror's 
general reportorial staff. 

For the last six years she has spent 
her vacations in travel, and has 
explored many interesting regions off 
the course of the ordinary tourist, 
from the ice-bound land of Labrador, 
to the tropical shores of Yucatan, 
with its ancient ruins, rivaling in 
interest those of Egypt or Phoenicia. 
From these various points she has 
brought numerous rare views for 
illustration, and has embodied the 
results of her keen and discriminating 
observation in lectures, which she 
has presented to the public, for several 
seasons past, with gratifying success. 



Among the titles of these lectures, 
which are illustrated with original 
views in color are: "Off the Beaten 
Path in Primitive Mexico/' "The 
Labrador as It Is," "The Frozen 
Land of the Eskimo," "Footprints 
of the Ancients in Old Mexico," 
"Yucatan, the Egypt of the Western 
Hemisphere," and ''Customs and 
Costumes of Latin America." She 
has been heard with pleasure by 
large audiences in many Xew England 
cities and towns, notably before the 
"Field and Forest Club" of Boston 
in the lecture room of the public 
library; also in the free public lecture 
course of the Department of Educa- 
tion in Xew York City, where her 
work was enthusiastically received 
and highly commended by the press. 
Delightfully unaffected in manner, 
ready in utterance, and direct in 
statement, she commands the atten- 
tion and interest of her hearers from 
the start, and a first hearing seldom 
fails to command another. Few, if 

any, Xew England entertainers have 
a more promising future before them 
than has this active and persevering 
daughter of old Bedford. 

Mrs. Edmond spends the present 
summer vacation on the other side 
of the Atlantic, and may naturally 
be expected to bring back from 
European lands, many choice glimpses 
of out-of-the-way places and scenes 
not noted by the average traveler 
which she will weave into future 
lectures for the delectation and 
delight of the public. 

That her interest, though largely 
centered, in her newspaper and lecture 
work, extends to other fields is evi- 
denced by her membership in the 
Manchester Institute of Arts and 
Sciences, Mary J. Bunch er Tent, 
Daughters of Veterans, the Xew Eng- 
land Woman's Press Association, the 
Field and Forest Club of Boston, and 
the X. H. Animal Rescue League, in 
which she is a director. 


By Maude Gordon Roby ' 

Her eyes were of a violet hue 

That seemed to look him through and through, 

He vowed to Heaven he loved her true — 

For he was just a man, like you. 

Ah, well-a-day! 

But when he spied her cousin Sue, 
Whose eyes are of a brownish hue. 
He straight forgot those eyes of blue — 
For he was just a man, like you. 
Ah, well-a-day! 

eyes of black, of brown or blue, 
Of purple, yes, and crimson, too. 
What matters! Eve is looking through- 
And Adam, dear, is Y-O-U. 
Ah, well-a-day! 


The Granite Monthly 


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And the Baptist Church in the Town of Bow* 
By Giles Wheeler 

The town of Bow originally included 
territory on the east side of the [Mer- 
rimack, which in its course through 
the town made several turns or bends 
— hence the name of the town. The 
earliest settlements were all on the 
east side of the river, and were 
made by families of the Presbyterian 
faith; while those from Pembroke. 
who settled on the west bank, 
were generally Congregationalists and 
very religious people. For some time 
there was no parish organization in 
the town, but on the 11th day of 
March, 1767, a meeting for organiza- 
tion was held at the house of William 
Robertson, the same having been 
warned by Jeremiah Page of Dun- 
barton, a justice of the peace. This 
place has since been known as the 
Gen. William R. Parker place, and is 
now owned and occupied as a summer 
residence by George Saltmarsh, a 
lawyer of Boston but a native of Bow. 

At an early date, of which there is 
no record, a log meetinghouse was 
built on the hill, to which occasional 
reference is made in the records. 
After a time it got out of repair and 
became unfit for use, after which the 
meetings were held at different pri- 
vate houses, and then at the "High 
House," so called, from about 17S6 
to 1801, when what has generally 
been known as the "old meeting- 
house" was erected and so far com- 
pleted that the under floor was laid 
and the town meeting held there. 
Soon after the interior was finished 
and religious meetings held therein, 
until, in the passage of time, it was 
abandoned, and is now the barn of 
Per ley Clough. 

It was at the old log meetinghouse 
— in 1770 — that it was voted to pay 
Mr. Wooster, who was the first 

*Conden.sed from a paper read at the "Old Home Day" 
from town and church records. 

settled minister of the town, thirty 
dollars for preaching. He served 
two years. The congregation was a 
mixed one, made up of Congrega- 
tionalists. Presbyterians and Bap- 
tists. The writer remembers hearing 
an old lady — Mrs. Betsey Hall 
Leavitt— -who lived on Pembroke 
Hill, say she had attended this old 
church, crossing the river on a bridge 
just below Garvin's Falls. 

The agitation for the new meeting- 
house had begun before the Revolu- 
tion, for there is record of a vote 
in 1771 "that the meetinghouse be 
on the hill, where it now stands, and 
not at the center." It was also voted 
at this time "to give Mr. Fessenclen 
an invitation to settle with us in the 
ministry, giving him one thousand 
pounds old tenor in the Lands for 
his settlement, besides a yearly 
sallery of forty 'pounds, and to 
advance his salary as the town grows 
able." He settled and was the pastor 
for four years, going then to the Pres- 
byterians in Pembroke. 

During the period of the Revolu- 
tion there was little preaching in town 
and little money raised for school 


even; but, in 1779, there is 

record of a vote to build the meet- 
inghouse at the center, and to raise 
a committee to locate the center. 
Nothing was accomplished, however, 
and in 1785, the old log meetinghouse 
having become entirely untenable, it 
was voted "to raise five hundred 
dollars in labor and lumber to build 
a meetinghouse on the hill where the 
old one stands," and a committee 
consisting of Solomon Heath, David 
Brown, Benjamin Noyes, John Bry- 
ant and Jacob Green, was appointed 
to provide material for the building. 
At the same time it was voted to 

meeting in Bow in August 1009, presenting facts drawn 


The Granite Monthly 

raise fifty dollars for preaching, to 
be at the house of John Bryant, near 
Joseph Rogers'. This Joseph Rogers 
lived near where Alfred Burroughs 
now lives, and claimed to be a 
descendant of John Rogers, the 
martyr. The house of John Bryant 
was built by him in 1770, jointly with 
the townspeople, if was the first 
two-story house in Bow, and known 
as the "high house." The first story- 
was used as a tenement and the 
second was finished in one room, for 
a hall, which was used for public pur- 
poses, social and religious, and for 
town meetings. The house and the 
land on which it stood was sold by 
John Bryant to Timothy Dix, grand- 
father of Gen. John A. Dix, in 1776, 
who in turn sold it to Jacob Wheeler 
in 1794. Wheeler gave it to his son- 
in-law, Richard Worthen, who moved 
it to the Iron Works road in Con- 
cord, and in 1846 it was again 
removed to the east side of South 
Street, where Humphrey Street now 
is, and was later destroyed by fire. 

Nothing having yet been done 
about building the meetinghouse, 
the town voted in May, 1789, that a 
committee of disinterested persons 
from other towns locate the house, 
consisting of Col. Kelley of Goffstown, 
Captain Farrington of Hopkintoii 
and Esquire Foster of Canterbury, 
and that all votes relative to building 
prior to this date be disannulled. One 
hundred pounds in materials and labor 
were voted, and Solomon Heath, 
Lieutenant Enoch Noyes and David 
Brown were appointed a building 
committee. Nothing came of this 
action, as heretofore, and in 1792 the 
matter came up again, all previous 
proceedings were reconsidered, and 
Lieut. William Page of Goffstown, Col. 
Henry Gerrish of Boscawen and Ben- 
jamin Wiggin were chosen "to fix a 
place to set the house," and Judge 
Jacob Green, Ensign Benjamin Noyes 
and Col. John Carter were named as a 
committee to wait on them and to 
draw papers obliging the inhabitants 
to put up a frame, board and shingle 
the same and lay the under floor. 

On the 12th of November of that 
year the report of the committee 
locating the house on the hill, near 
where the old log house stood, was 
accepted, and the following year the 
building was proceeded with, Judge 
Green having been chosen to "set 
up by vendue" the building of the 
house to the lowest bidder, who was 
Eliphalet Rowell, his bid being sixty 
pounds and twelve shillings. Enoch 
Noyes, Willaby Colby, and Lieut. 
Timothy Dix were chosen a commit- 
tee to accept the house, and it was 
voted to raise two hundred and two 
dollars to defray the charges of 

Great dissatisfaction arose on the 
part of some of the people on account 
of the location of the meetinghouse, 
and successive efforts were made to 
have parts of the town set off for 
union with other towns "for the ben- 
efit of the gospel/' but without avail. 

There was no formal church organ- 
ization of any name in the town until 
a Baptist church was organized in 
1795. During the ministry of Rev. 
Thomas Waterman, which extended 
from 1804 to 1807, a new church was 
formed consisting of Baptists and 
Congregationalists, but was subse- 
quently dissolved. The Baptists had 
no regular pastor from 1807 to 1815, 
and so far as known to the writer the 
Congregationalists never had an 
organized church in Bow. 

In 1816 the Baptist church was 
reorganized, a meeting to that end 
having been called at the house of 
Walter Bryant June 17 of that year, 
when John K. Gile was chosen mod- 
erator and Nathaniel Cavis, Jr., scribe, 
and it was voted to send invitations to 
a council held July 3, "for the 
purpose of advising with us in regard 
to the formation of a new Baptist 
church, and, if thought proper when 
met, to give us fellowship as such.' 7 

The council was held, with repre- 
sentatives from the churches in Salis- 
bury and Weare. Rev. Otis Robin- 
son of Salisbury was moderator and 
Rev. Ezra Wilmarth of Weare scribe. 
The articles of faith, and covenant 

The Old Bow Meetinghouse 



were read to and accepted by the 
following: named persons, and they 
were duly declared organized into 
the "Baptist Church of Christ in 

Walter Bryant, Mary Bryant, Sam- 
uel Whipple, Elizabeth Bimten, John 
K. Gile, Esther Giie^Xathaniel Cavis, 
Jr., Doily Corliss, Caleb Page, Mary 
Cavis.. Nathaniel Goodhue, Jr., Abi- 
gail Noyes, Asa Goodhue, Achsa 
Whipple, John Paige, 2d, Anna 
Hemphill, Bela Carter, Sally Powell, 
Hezekiah Gile, Hannah Fulton, Sam- 
uel Leach, Betsey Paige, Eunice 

After the organization Nathaniel 
Cavis, Jr., was chosen clerk. Walter 
Bryant was the first deacon, chosen 
September 7 of the same year. Rev. 
Henry Yeazey, who came to Bow 
from Brentwood, and aided in the 
organization of the church, was the 
pastor from 181 G till 1824, and was 
the standing moderator. In Sep- 
tember, 1817, the church was ad- 
mitted into the Boston Baptist Asso- 
ciation, but withdrew in the following 
autumn to join a new association 
organized at Salisbury. On October 
15, 1818, representatives from this 
church were present at a council in 
Concord when the First Baptist 
church was organized there. 

Walter Bryant was the only deacon 
of the church up to April '7, 1828, 
when at his instance a second one 
was chosen in the person of James 
Morgan. January 4. 1830, Asa Good- 
hue was chosen a third deacon. 

On September 4, 1830, it appears 
that the request of the Universalists 
asking the use of the meetinghouse 
to hold a meeting was granted, this 
being the first appearance of that 
denominational name in any public 
record in town. 

In 1832, a new church edifice (the 
present Baptist church in Bow), was 
built, and the then old meetinghouse 

abandoned, the last church meeting 

therein being held October G, and 
adjourned to meet in the new meeting- 
house November 3. During the time 
from the organization of the new 
church, July 3, 1S1G, down to October 
6, 1832, when the old meetinghouse 
was abandoned, Deacon Walter Bry- 
ant, and Nathaniel Cavis, Jr., clerk, 
were in constant attendance, 132 
church meetings, aside from the re- 
ligious services being held, and the pro- 
ceedings faithfully and comprehen- 
sively recorded by the latter. Deacon 
Bryant was dismissed to the church 
in Pittsfield December 9, 1836, and 
removed to that town where he died. 
Mr. Cavis was given a letter to the 
First Baptist church in Lowell, Mass., 
and removed there in 1S33. 

The records show the names of 
thirty-five different Baptist ministers 
officiating in Bow from the earliest 
days to the present time, most of 
them for very brief periods. The 
longest pastorate was that of Pev. 
Franklin Damon, who served from 
1853 to 18G5. Next in length of 
service was Pev. Samuel Woodburv, 
from 1893 to 1903. For the last four 
years Rev. J. B. Wilson of the Pleas- 
ant Street Baptist church of Concord 
has supplied, holding afternoon ser- 

It seems to an outsider that the 
time when the ''Old Bow Meeting 
House" was in use as a temple of 
worship of the living God, and every 
person in the community contributed 
directly or indirectly, to the support 
of the gospel, was the real "golden 
age" of the town. Those old-time 
sturdy, honest, religious men and 
women who built and worshipped 
here, and long since passed on to the 
silent land, have left behind them 
much fruit of their labor, and a 
gracious example, worthy of ever- 
lasting remembrance and imitation 
by their descendants. 



Henry McFarland, a well-known and 
universally respected citizen of Concord, 
died at his homo on North Main Street, 
May 15, 1911, in his eightieth year. 

Major McFarland was the son of Dea. 
Asa and Clarissa J. (Chase) McFarland, and 
grandson of the Rev. I>*. Asa McFarland, 
the third minister of the Old North or First 
Congregational Church of Concord, born July 
10, 1831, in the old family homestead erected 
in 1799. He was educated by private tutors. 
in the Concord schools, and the Concord and 
Pembroke Academies, attending the latter 
during the fall terms of 1844, 1845 and 1S46. 
In 1849 he entered the Statesmen) printing 
office, of which his father was one of the 
proprietors, remaining for some time^ and 
"was, afterwards, for a time a clerk in the old 
Franklin bookstore. Subsequently he was 
a clerk in the employ of the Concord Rail- 
road, in the Concord post office, and again 
in the superintendent's office at the railroad. 
In 1854 he made a vacation trip to Labrador, 
remaining three months. In 1S57 he was 
engaged as clerk of steamship accounts for 
the Chicago & Milwaukee R. R., in Chicago. 
Returning to Concord the following • 3~ear, 
he purchased a third interest in the Statesman, 
becoming a partner with his father and the 
late George E. Jenks, attending to the office 
work and contributing to the columns of the 

In 1862 he was commissioned as paymaster 

in the United States Army, with the rank of 
major, serving through and beyond the war, 
being mustered out January 16, 1806. Dur- 
ing his service he handled vast amounts of 
money without the loss of a dollar, paying 
out over $1,500,000 in the four months 
ending August. 1865. Later he became cashier 
in the office of the sergeant-at-arms of the 
national House of Representatives, Col. N. 
G. Ordway, and during his term of service 
there paid" out over 84,700,000. 

In 1871 he was made cashier of the Union 
Pacific Railroad, holding the position till 
1877, when upon the election of Edward H. 
Rollins to the United States Senate, he 
succeeded him as secretary and treasurer of 
that corporation, continuing till 1888, when 
he retired, and returned to Concord where 
he resided till death. 

Major McFarland was a public-spirited 
citizen, a prominent supporter of the South 
Congregational Churehand an earnest Repub- 
lican though taking no active part in politics. 
He had fine literary tastes, and had published 
an interesting volume of personal recol- 
lections embodying much matter of historical 
interest.. He was prominent in financial 
affairs, serving as vice-president and a 
member of the investment committee of the 
New Hampshire Savings Bank and director 
of the First National Bank. He was a 
member of the commission which drafted 
the new city charter of Concord. 

He leaves a wife, one brother, William 
H. McFarland. and a sister, Annie. 


Another great class graduated from Dart- 
mouth this year, attesting the growing 
power and influence of this great and vener- 
able educational institution of which the 
state of New Hampshire may well be proud. 
But it may not be amiss to suggest that 
while we all cherish pride hi Dartmouth, 
which draws its patronage from all quarters 
of the Union and all over the world, and 
diffuses the influence of ''the Dartmouth 
spirit'' no less widely, we ought, to feel that 
while the state is generous to Dartmouth 
it should at least be just to its own special 
institution at Durham, upon which it must 
naturally depend for the higher education 
of the sons and daughters of its common 
people to whom we must mainly look for 
the material, intellectual and moral progress 
of the state in the years to come. The 
fact that more New Hampshire farms for 
summer homes have been sold to outsiders 
during the past year, than in any former 
year, may be cause for congratulation in 
one sense; but it would be far greater cause 
to know that more sons of New Hampshire 
farmers, broadly educated, had located on 
as many old homesteads in the state, ready 

and determined to take up the work of devel- 
opment along the lines of improved agri- 
culture and enlightened citizenship 

The governor finally succeeded in naming 
a public sendee commission which the 
council confirmed, the members consisting 
of Edward C. Niles of Concord, John E. 
Benton of Keene, and Prof. T. \Y. D. Wort hen 
of Hanover, the first named for six years, 
the second for four, and the last for two, 
the Democratic member getting the "short 
end'' as in the case of the tax commission 
named by the Supreme Court. The com- 
mission has organized with Mr. Niles as 
chairman and Mr. Benton clerk, the Repub- 
licans again, as in case of the tax commis- 
sion, taking the more prominent, and at 
the same time the best paid positions, though 
Professor Worthen may be expected to, 
get in a full share of the real work, of which 
there will be an abundance. Much is 
expect ed at the hands of the commission in 
whose appointment there was such delay, 
and it is to be hoped that the people will not 
be disappointed in this regard. 

JULY, (911 New Senci, Vol. VI, No. 7 

i - ■ 



4. V 



A A A 


A New Hampshire Magazine 

Devoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress 

m . • ,...-:•# 

CONTENTS FOR JV** _...-- £g» 

«2K - \ 

*PgJ Hon. John Butler Smith With Frontispiece. i , -. . . 193 Jg^ - 

JjgS . By H. C. Pearson, illustrated. : &< 

J^,\4 An Interesting Historical Event . . . . . . 199 j&S&i 

v q~; By H. H. Metcalf. Illustrated. 

rc|j) William Whipple . . . . . . . . , 205 &V 

&LA By Joseph Foster. Illustrated. ■ ■ /2>s 

^0 & 

^■2)* New Hampshire Necrology . . . • . . 222 ^S 

/% Editor and Publisher's Notes . . '. .-■".■■ . 224 %X*\ 

>!^A Poems /K*S 

•*3ra Bv William Wilson, Ray Laurence, Hannah B. Merriam, Cyrus A. Stone, $Nrif 9 

W Moses Gage Shirley, L. H. J. Frost. wH^y 

Issued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF. Editor and Manager 

TERMS: $1.00 per annum, !n advance; $1.50 if not paid in advance. Single copies, 15 cents 

CONCORD, N. H., 1911 

Entered at the p >3t office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 



The Granite Monthly 

Vol. XLIIL No. 

JULY, 1911 New Series, Vol. 6, No. 7 



Hon. John Butler Smith 

By H, C. Pearson. 

During the past half century the 
chief trend of New Hampshire's 
progress has been on the line of man- 
ufacturing. Agriculture, while it has 
continued to be a great and necessary 
industry of the state, has scarcely 
held its own during that period,, while 
manufacturing has advanced by leaps 
and bounds. In other words, the 
farm remains and must remain the 
foundation of the commonwealth; 
but to the factory is chiefly due the 
state's growth in wealth and strength, 
in resources and population. 

It is evident, then, that in writing 
of New Hampshire leaders in these 
and recent days, we must scan for 
material her industrial, as well as her 
political and professional history; 
confident that among her most suc- 
cessful manufacturers we shall find 
the men who, more than any others, 
have kept the Granite State from 
falling behind her sisters in the won- 
derful development that has charac- 
terized the closing years of the nine- 
teenth century and the opening of the 

One name we see at once upon sev- 
eral of our lists; in the remarkable 
and distinguished roll of New Hamp- 
shire's living ex-governors, among her 
religious, philanthropic and social 
leaders, and in the van of her long 
line of "captains of industry." 

This name is that of John Butler 
Smith, governor of the State of New 

Hampshire in 1893 and 1891, and 
before and since those years one of 
her best and most useful citizens. 

Like most of the men who have 
made New Hampshire what she is, 
Governor Smith came of good stock, 
but was not born to wealth. His 
ancestors gave him brains and stamina, 
a clear head and a clean heart, and 
with this equipment he was very well 
able to win for himself his own way 
in the world. 

Mr. Smith was born in Saxton's 
River, Vermont, April 12, 1838, the 
third child and second son of Ammi 
and Lydia (Butler) Smith. His orig- 
inal progenitor in America was Lieu- 
tenant Thomas Smith, a native of 
the north of Ireland, who came to 
this country with the famous Lon- 
donderry colony of 1719 and was one 
of the grantees of the neighboring 
town of Chester. 

His great-grandson, Ammi, father 
of John B. Smith, was a native of 
Acworth and early in life operated a 
saw mill at Hillsborough. At Sax- 
ton's River he was a successful 
manufacturer of woolen goods, but 
in 1847, returned to Hillsborough and 
retired from business, dying there 
in 1887 at the advanced age of 
eighty-seven years. 

John Butler Smith, going to Hills- 
borough with his father when he was 
nine years of age, attended the public 
' schools there and the academy at 


The Granite Monthly 

Franeestowtt. In the latter institu- 
tion he took the college preparatory 
course, but left before graduation to 
enter business life, to which he felt 
strongly attracted. 

This life he followed in various 
capacities and in different connec- 
tions at New Boston, in Boston, at 
Saxton's River, and in Manchester, 
spending a year or so in each place, 
gaining a valuable experience in 
business methods and in human 
nature, and in general preparing 
himself for the real work of his life 
when this should disclose itself. 

It was in 1864, at the age of twenty- 
five year?, that Mr. Smith solved his 
problem, and found the place in life 
where he fitted, by beginning the 
manufacture of knit goods in a mill 
at Washington, this state. A year 
passed and he took a step ahead by 
moving to the Sawyer mills in Weare. 

After another year he changed 
location again, this time to Hills- 
borough and there, in a mill built by 
himself for his own purposes, he 
started upon the straight road ■ to 

From that small but worthy begin- 
ning of more than forty years ago has 
grown the present splendid corpora- 
tion, the Contoocook Mills, one of the 
best known and most firmly established 
industries of its kind in America. 

To the Contoocook "Mills through 
almost a half century Mr. Smith has, 
given the best that was in him and 
he has every reason to be proud of 
and satisfied with the record of that 
business connection. Entering nat- 
urally upon woolen manufacture as 
his life work, through inheritance and 
inclination, Mr. Smith and his mills 
have progressed with every modern 
inprovement and invention, but at 
the same time, and this is one large 
reason for their great success, they 
have allowed no change from the "old- 
fashioned," but fundamental policy 
of absolute honesty in product. 

The extent and value of this repu- 
tation for square dealing and good 
goods was well shown in the present 
year when an issue of stock in the 

Contoocook Mills corporation was 
offered to the public through Boston 
bankers. The response of investors, 
large and small, was immediate and 
heart}', with the result that these 
mills have now become a semi-public 
institution of secure future from which 
the personal element can be with- 
drawn. And Mr. Smith has entirely 
severed his connection with the busi- 
ness to enjoy this respite from busi- 
ness toils and cares which certainly 
he has earned. 

Nor is it only in quality of product 
and degree of financial returns that 
Mr. Smith's success as a manufac- 
turer has been marked. His record 
as employer of labor shines bright, 
unmarked as it is with strike, lock- 
out or cut down, and brightened with 
many instances of appreciation of 
labor's interests. 

One reason for Mr. Smith's busi- 
ness success has been his ability to 
discern and to foster merit in others 
and to attach to himself able and 
efficient helpers. During a large part 
of his connection with the Contoocook 
Mills, for example, Air. Smith was 
greatly aided by his nephew, George 
Edward Gould, in the capacity of 
treasurer. And Mr. Gould's sudden 
death early in 1909 was felt as a great 
loss to the mills and to Mr. Smith 
personally. Mr. Gould was his favor- 
ite nephew and very dear to him. 
He was associated with Mr. Smith in 
the mills as boy and man for forty 
years, in the later years acting as 
treasurer of the corporation (for the 
Contoocook Mills became a corpora- 
tion in 1882). Much of whatever 
success attended the mills was in no 
small part due to his efficient coop- 
eration and skilful management. 

Mr. Smith's fame as a successful 
manufacturer has been wider than 
his state and his section, as is illus- 
trated by the fact that for many 
years he has been a vice-president of 
the Home Market Club, the national 
organization which has done so 
much for American industry through 
its vigorous and capable championship 
of the protective tariff principle. 

Hon. John Butler Smith 


Choice real estate as a sound and 
public-spirited investment is a favor- 
ite with Mr. Smith and he has grad- 
ually added to his holdings sites and 
buildings here and there until today 
he is a large owner of such properties 
in Boston and in several Xew Hamp- 
shire cities besides those in his home 

He has been for some years presi- 
dent of the Hillsborough Guaranty 
Savings Bank and has other important 
business connections and investments. 

The characteristics of his business 

him in the public weal, be it that of 
town, state or nation. 

Always a staunch and steadfast 
member of the Republican party he 
has held in high honor its policies 
and its record in state and in nation 
and has been in turn honored by it. 
Omitting mention of minor offices 
and political distinctions, Mr. Smith 
was chosen in 1S84 an alternate 
delegate to the Republican national 
convention at Chicago and in the 
fall of the same }-car was elected as 

; .._ 

Wi MVf r ~f>] - p*v- j ] 

Residence of Hon. John B. Smith 

career may be summed up as including 
breadth of mind, keenness of vision, 
fixity of purpose and integrity of 
action. If those who follow where he 
he has led keep to the same lines there 
is nothing to fear for the future of 
New Hampshire industry. 

It was natural that a man of 
Mr. Smith's prominence and achieve- 
ments in the business world should 
be looked to by his fellow citizens to 
assume leadership in public affairs; 
and this was especially true in his case 
because of the high degree of intel- 
ligent interest always manifested by 

one of the presidential electors from 
New Hampshire. 

In 1SS7 Mr. Smith was chosen a 
member of Governor Charles H. 
Sawyer's executive council and gave 
two years of valuable service in that 
capacity. In 1888 his friends gave 
him vigorous support for the Repub- 
lican nomination for governor, but 
after an exciting contest in the con- 
vention David H. Goodell of Antrim 
was nominated and elected. Again 
in 1890 Mr. Smith's friends were very 
desirous that he should enter the race, 
but because of his great friendship 


The Granite Monthly 

for another candidate, the late Hon. 
Hiram A. Tut tie of Pittsiield, Mr. 

Smith declined to allow the use of 
his name in the convention. The 
result was that Mr. Tut tie was nomi- 
nated and after one of the hardest 
fought campaigns, in the history of 
New Hampshire politics was elected. 
"there being no choice by the people 
and the legislature filling the office. 
In that campaign Mr. Smith did 
yeoman service for his party in the 
capacity of chairman of the Repub- 
lican state central committee. 

ago, still remembers the unusual 
grasp of the affairs of the state which 
it revealed*; its keen and business- 
like analysis of the state's financial 
condition, the course its government 
should pursue and the duties of its 
various departments. 

The subjects of forest preservation 
and of highway improvement, now 
held of such importance, were even 
then in the mind of this far-seeing 
executive and formed the subject 
of paragraphs in his address; and 
very important recommendations were 


■ ■ 

Contoocook Mills, Hillsborough Bridge, X. H. 

By this time Mr. Smith's claims 
upon the party nomination for the 
highest state office had become univer- 
sally recognized and in the Repub- 
lican state convention of 1892 he 
was nominated by acclamation. This 
tribute to his fitness and worth was 
followed by his election by the 
people at the polls in November, 
the first popular election in several 

He was inaugurated governor in 
January, 1893, and the writer, who 
listened to his inaugural address on 
that occasion, almost twenty years 

made by him as to the relations of 
labor and capital and what was the 
duty of the state in the matter. 

In his administration of the affairs 
of the state Governor Smith displayed 
the same qualities which we have 
noted already in his business career, 
great ability and scrupulous honesty, 
and to them he added an entire devo- 
tion of self to the public duty, which 
was bound to result, as it did, to the 
very great benefit of Xew Hampshire. 

When Governor Smith was about 
to lay down his office, the leading 
Republican newspaper at the state 

Hon. John Butler Smith 


capital, the Concord Evening Monitor, 
in the course of an editorial review of 
his administration, said: "The suc- 
cesses of Governor Smith's term have 
been most brilliant and the gover- 
nor's frequent appearance at public 
functions as the representative of the 
state has been characterized by a 
dignity of presence befitting his high 
place and by a moderation and 
strength of utterance fully in keeping 
with the traditions of the common- 

political preferment; although there 
has not been an election of United 
States senator since the years of his 
governorship at which mention has 
not been made of his eminent fitness 
for representing his state in the upper 
branch of the national congress. But. 
as has been said, his political activity 
in these years has been limited to 
service in his party ranks as a member 
of the state committee. 

Having thus briefly reviewed the 






-:• ■ 

Mrs. John B. Smith 

wealth. Governor Smith receives the 
congratulations of the people upon 
the unqualified success of his admin- 
istrative labors and retires from office 
to become one of the foremost citizens 
of the state." 

And that position, "one of the 
foremost citizens of the state," Gov- 
ernor Smith ever since has held, with 
dignity and with honor. 

He has not sought, nor allowed his 
friends to seek for him, any further 

successful and creditable business 
career and public service of Governor 
Smith it is with pleasure that we turn 
to another side of his character, that 
exemplified in his private life, his 
family relations, his friendships and 
his affiliations. 

Here we find his own attributes 
supplemented by those of his wife, a 
lady of great personal charm and 
genuine culture. It was on November 
1, 18S3, that Mr. Smith married Miss 

3 98 

The Granite Monthly 

Emma Lavender of Boston, and to 
them three children were born. Butler 
Lavender Smith, born in Hillsborough 
March 4, 1S86, died in St. Augustine, 
Florida, April 6, 1SS8. Archibald 
Lavender Smith, born in Hillsborough 
February 1, 1889, graduated from 
Harvard University in the class of 
1911, receiving the degree of Bach- 
elor of Arts; and Norman Smith, born 
in Hillsborough May 8, 1892, is pre- 
paring for entrance to the same famous 

The home and family life of Mr. 
and Mrs. Smith and their sons is ideal. 
Mrs. Smith, descended from the 
ancient Lavender family of Kent 
county, England, is fitted by nature, 
training and position to be a leader 
of refined society and as such she is 
recognized in Hillsborough and in the 
cities of Manchester and Boston and 

The Smith residence in Hillsborough 
is one of the finest in the state, rep- 
resenting in its drsign and furnishings 
the union of good taste and ample 

xVnother happy characteristic of 
both Mr. and Mrs. Smith is the wise 
and unostentatious liberality with 
which they devote much of their 
wealth to the benefit of worthy causes, 
religious, social and philanthropic, 

and to the direct relief of the unfor- 
tunate, needy and suffering. 

The Congregational church in 
Hillsborough is one of the main 
objects of Mr. Smith's support and 
that not alone financially but by per- 
sonal effort, for Mr. Smith ranks 
among the foremost laymen of this 
denomination in this country. 

Mr. Smith is a Mason of the thirty- 
second degree and is a member of the 
principal clubs in the cities where his 
chief interests lie. He is and always 
has been a man whose companionship 
is much sought and whose, friendship 
is greatly cherished. His kindly, 
unassuming manner puts even a 
stranger at once at his ease, while as 
his acquaintance continues he displays 
a breadth of knowledge of men and 
books, of people and places, which, 
combined with 'the charity and the 
clarity of his comments, makes his 
conversation as interesting as it is 

In short, when New Hampshire is 
called upon to choose from among 
her manufacturers one worthy to 
represent her in any place or upon 
any occasion with credit and honor 
she may well make as her selection 
former Governor John Butler Smith 
of Hillsborough. 


By William Wilson 

Some songs have around them thrown 
An atmosphere not all their own; 
But, as the favorite scented flower 
Recalls anew the bygone hour; 
Awakening memories, God! 
The lonely paths that I have trod. 



By H. H. Metcatf 

There are few towns in New Hamp- 
shire with a more interesting history 
than the good old town of Hills- 
borough, and yet no history of that 
town, beyond a mere outline sketch, 
presented at first as a public address 
nearly three quarters of a century 
ago, and afterwards somewhat elab- 
orated for publication by the late 
Hon. Charles J. Smith, has ever 
been issued. There is no better 
field for a competent town historian 

in the history of Hillsborough, of 
which there is no record, in print, so 
far as we are aware, occurred on 
Christmas day, December 25, 1823, 
at the residence of Gen. Benjamin 
Pierce, then the most notable citi- 
zen of the town, which mansion still 
remains, and should be preserved as 
an historic landmark for all time to 
come — the home of a Revolutionary 
hero, and a distinguished governor 
of the state, wherein was also born 


• ... 



Old Pierce Mansion, Hillsborough. Birthplace of Franklin Pierce 

than is here presented — none with a 
greater wealth of material at hand — 
and it is sincerely to be hoped that 
the day is not far distant when it will 
be properly utilized; as it is no less 
earnestly to be hoped that not many 
more years will pass before the State 
of New Hampshire will be relieved 
of the disgrace of possessing no suit- 
able monument to the memory of 
Hillsborough's most illustrious son — 
Franklin Pierce, the fourteenth pres- 
ident of the United States. 

One of the most interesting events 

and reared New Hampshire's only 
president. This event was a reunion 
of all the citizens of Hillsborough who 
had served as soldiers of their coun- 
try in the War of Independence, who 
met at the home of General Pierce, 
upon his invitation, it being also the 
66th anniversary of his own birth. 
Some account of this notable gather- 
ing is preserved in the handwriting 
of General Pierce, from which it 
appears that there were twenty-two 
of these veterans present, viz.: 



The Granite Monthly 

A mini Andrews, born in Ipswich, 
Mass., aged 89 years* 

John McColley, born in Hills- 
borough, aged 83 years. 

William Johnson, born in Billerica, 
Mass., aged 7? years. 

James Taggart, born in London- 
derry, aged 81 years. 

James Carr, born in Litchfield, 
aged 73 years. 

William Taggart, born in Merri- 
mack, aged 73 years. 

William Parker, born in Chelms- 
ford, Mass., aged 72 years. 

Thaddeus Goodwin, born in Leom- 
inster, Mass., aged 70 years. 

William Jamel, born in Boston, 
Mass., aged 74 years. 

Nathaniel Parmeter, born in Spen- 
cer, Mass., aged 70 years. 

William Dickey, born in London- 
derry, aged 70 years. 

Thaddeus Munroe, born in Bil- 
lerica, Mass., aged 71 years. 

Daniel Russell, born in Andover, 
MaSs., -aged 70 years. 

Isaac Andrews, born in Ipswich, 
Mass., aged 69 years. 

Daniel Killam, born in Wilming- 
ton, Mass., aged 69 years. 

John Shedct, born in Dunstable, 
N. H., aged 70 years. 

Robert Carr, born in Litchfield, 
Mass., aged 68 years. 

ZachariaK Robbihs, born in West- 
ford, Mass., aged 68 years. 

Benjamin Pierce, born in Chelms- 
ford, Mass., aged 66 years. 

David Livermore, born in Sud- 
bury, Mass., aged 62 years. 

Sam Morrill, born in Manchester, 
aged 59 years. 

Nathaniel Johnson, born in An- 
dover, Mass., aged 59 years. 

"Upon the arrival of the aged 
guests/' the account goes on to say, 
"they were conducted to an apart- 
ment prepared for their reception 
where they were received by the 
General and other of their compan- 
ions in arms who had arrived earlier, 
with expressions of heartfelt joy 
and satisfaction." At about eleven 
o'clock all had arrived and after the 

usual salutations attending the meet- 
ing of friends had been completed, 
in this case attended with unus- 
ual manifestations of feeling, General 
Pierce made a brief address to his 
assembled friends and compatriots, 
expressive of his satisfaction at having 
met under his own roof so many of 
those with whom he had served in 
the Revolution. He remarked that 
the day marked the completion of 
sixty-six years of his life. 4 and that it 
was indeed a pleasing as well as surpris- 
ing circumstance that he should meet 
so many of his companions in arms, all 
citizens of Hillsborough, and only 
three of them younger than himself, 
He concluded by requesting them to 
put themselves at perfect ease; to 
rehearse with freedom the scenes of 
the Revolution, and recount the 
perils and dangers through which 
they had passed. 

It was then moved and voted 
that the venerable Lieutenant Amtrii. 
Andrews be president of the da}', and 
that Lieutenant John McColley (the 
first white child born in Hillsborough) 
be vice-president. Nathaniel John- 
son was elected secretary. 

After an appropriate season of 
social enjoyment, the company re- 
paired to the_ .dining room where a 
repast siting for the occasion and in 
keeping with the generous hospital- 
ity of the patriotic host was served 
and enjoyed. 

Following the dinner a number of 
toasts were drank — whether with 
cold water or some stronger liquids 
in keeping with the custom of the 
times the record showeth not, but- 
most probably the latter. 

Some of these toasts were responded 
to; others were drank in silence. 
Among them were the following: 

"The Battle of New Orleans.— 
The history of wars affords no par- 
allel." Lieutenant Andrews. 

"Our Navy. — The floating bul- 
wark of our national liberty." Lieu- 
tenant McColley. 

"The Last War.— Just and glo- 
rious. What, then, shall we say of 

An Interesting Historical Event 



those characters who rejoiced at 
our defeats and shouted when the 
choicest blood of our country freely 
flowed in its defence?" Captain 
Dickey. , 

"The State in Which We Live— 
We have seen her firm in the support 
of Republican government. May the 
rising generation not be misled, but 
ever remember the precepts of their 
fathers." — Nathaniel Parmeter. 

"Virginia — As prominent for her 
talents as she is firm in her adherence 
to republican principles. She has 
never been cursed with an amalga- 
mation of parties." — William Johnson. 

"The Greeks — May they become 
thoroughly acquainted with the true 
principles of liberty, and be stimu- 
lated by that generous impulse it is 
calculated to impart." — Lieutenant 

" General LaFayette — An independ- 
ent and virtuous country has declared 
his unparallelled merit." 

''The Battle of Chippewa — A glo- 
rious prelude to its more renowned 
and equally glorious afterpiece at 
Bridge water." 

" The Revolutionary Soldiers — First 
in dignity; first among heroes in 
political rights — may they continue 
to form examples of patriotic virtue, 
and our children maintain the glori- 
ous principles of the independence 
which they so nobly achieved." 

"The Armv at Valley Forge in the 
Winter of 1778— Without "clothes, 
without money, and almost without 
provisions; a proof to the world that 
men can be patriotic." 

''General Rochambeau, Count De 
Grasse, and the French Army — Our 
brave and generous auxiliaries." 

"Gen. Andrew Jackson — His patri- 
otic courage, when his country is in 
imminent danger, leads duty to super- 
sede every other consideration. His 
countrymen are now rewarding such 
sterling merit. May nothing impede 
their progress." 

"Our Country- — May its states- 
men and rulers be able, patriotic and 
honest and they will ride through all 

our . Virtuous 

storms without danger of dashing on 
shoals or rocks." 

"National Alliances — Whether holy 
or unholy, may they never be used 
as engines to destroy the liberty and 
happiness of man." 

"The Nineteenth of April, 1775 — 
The first flash of American true fire 
which never ceased to blaze till the 
land was acknowledged free and inde- 

"The Memory of General Warren, 
Colonel Parker, Colonel Prescott and 
the Host of Worthies who Nobly 
Staked their Lives on the Altar of 
Patriotism Erected on Bunker Hill — 
May their exalted virtues be engraven 
on the hearts and affections of our 

"The Memory of 
Brave and Patriotic 
General Washington." 

"President Hancock and his Com- 
panions on the Fourth of July, 1776, — 
Such patriotic courage as they dis- 
played on that day does honor to 
human nature." 

"The Seventeenth of June — Bun- 
ker Hill, deeply impressed on our 
minds. Twelve of us now present 
who participated in the heat of that 
ever memorable action." 

"The Seventh of September and 
Seventeenth of October, 1777 — We 
well remember the days on which we 
convinced General Burgoyne and his 
army that they were not invincible." 

When all the toasts had been drank 
and the festivities of the day were 
over, as the band of patriots were 
about to separate and go to their 
several homes, never all to meet 
again on earth, General Pierce feel- 
ingly addressed his associates in the 
following words, preserved in his own 

"Gentlemen: If you have been made happy 
I am fully rewarded; my wishes are com- 
pleted, you may rest assured. 

"My feelings on this occasion have been 
of no ordinary cast. To meet after the 
lapse of more than forty years so many 
men with whom I had been acquainted 
in youth must have been a very pleasing 



The Granite Monthly 

occurrence. But the situation in which we 
were early placed is calculated very much 
to enhance the pleasure of this meeting. 
Engaged in a cause so extensive in its in- 
fluence and so- glorious in its termination, 
no occurrence of that day is without interest. 
You, gentlemen, have called up to my mind 
many interesting circumstances which, through 
the mist of time, appeared to me very dim, 
and some which I had entirely lost sight of. 
We should be grateful to the Divine Being 
that our lives have been preserved to this 
advanced age. To see our beloved country 
so rapidly increase in population; to see the 
progress of the arts and sciences, of agri- 
culture, of commerce and manufactures, 
and, in fact, of everything calculated to 
advance the happiness and prosperity of 
our countrymen, must be highly gratifying 
to us all. 

"It is not probable that we shall ever, so 
many of us, meet together again. The 
season of the year in which we meet may 
well remind us of the season of our lives. 
Our eyes are dimmed, our locks are silvered, 
our cheeks are furrowed and our minds and 
bodies enfeebled. My friends if we have 
been active and faithful in our public duties, 
let us not be neglectful of those of a private 
and devotional nature, which we owe to the 
Father of all Good, so that we, like good 
and faithful soldiers of Him may be ready 
at the first tap of the shrouded drum to move 
and join our beloved Washington and the 
rest of our comrades in arms who fought 
and bled by our sides. I thank you all, 
gentlemen, for your kindness in calling on* 
me this day, and wish you in this life all that 
age and infirmity can enjoy, and hereafter 
perpetual felicity." . 

It may be noted that General 
Pierce who, on this happy occasion, 
at the age of 66, spoke of himself, 
along with his associates, as enfee- 
bled by age, was elected governor of 
New Hampshire more than three 
years later, in March, 1827, and again 
in 1829, and during both terms ably 
discharged the duties of the position, 
having previously served eleven years 
in all as a member of the state legisla- 
ture, as many years in the executive 
council and thirteen years as sheriff 
of Hillsborough County. It was while 

serving in the latter capacity that he 
liberated from jail at Amherst, three 
Revolutionary soldiers, imprisoned for 
debt, by personally discharging their 
obligations and sending them to their 
homes, free men. 

General Pierce was born in Chelms- 
ford, Mass., December 25, 1757. 
He was living with an uncle and 
engaged at plowing in the field when 
the news of the battle of Lexington 
arrived. He left the plow in the 
furrow and immediately joined the 
patriot forces, being engaged at Bun- 
ker Hill. He was made a sergeant 
in 1776, and raised to the rank of 
ensign for saving his company's flag 
at Saratoga, October 7, 1777. In 
July, 1882, he was made a lieutenant 
and a captain January 1, 1783. In 
November of that year he commanded 
a detachment first entering the City 
of New York upon its evacuation by 
the British. 

After the war he was employed by 
Colonel Stoddard to inspect a tract 
of land then owned by the latter — 
now the town of that name — and on 
the return from such service, in the 
fall of 1785, purchased some land 
for himself in Hillsborough, to which 
he repaired the following spring and 
established his home. He was ap- 
pointed a brigade major by Governor 
Sullivan in 1786, and was active in 
the militia for many years, attaining 
the rank of brigadier general. He 
married, first, in 17S7, Elizabeth 
Andrews of Hillsborough, who died 
the following year leaving a daughter 
who ultimately became the wife of 
Gen. John McNeil. In 1789 he 
married Anna Kendrick of Amherst, 
by whom he had eight children: 
Benjamin Kendrick, who became a 
colonel in the regular army; Nancy 
M., wife of Gen. Solomon McNeil; 
John Sullivan, who died in Michigan 
in early manhood; Harriet B., wife 
of Hugh Jameson; Charles Grandi- 
son, who died at 25; Franklin, four- 
teenth president of the United States; 
Charlotte, who died in infancy, and 
Henrv D., who was a well-known cit- 

The Deserted House 203 

izen of Hillsborough, father of Frank Jackson. He died April 1, 1839, 

H., and Kirk D. Pierce. in his 82d year, having lived to see 

General Pierce was a presiden- his son a representative in Congress 

tial elector in 1832, voting for Andrew and a senator of the United States. 


By Ray Lav ranee 

Crouched near a lonely roadside, 

'Neath forest -covered hill. 
There is a house deserted, 

And mossy is the sill 
Of the door, for long years open, 

For wand'ring winds to roam 
At will through ruined building, 

That once was called a home* 

No windows in the farm house, 

And many a summer night, 
The whippowil is calling, 

From where once shone the light 
Of candle, or the fireplace, 

In. the homely kitchen small, 
Where dark-winged desolation. 

Is now brooding over all ! 

Tall poplar trees are waiting, 

Around the farmhouse gray, 
And mournfully they whisper, 

As they see the rose vines gay, 
That loiter in the door yard, 

Or straggle o'er the wall, 
"One by one we've seen them carried 

To sleep in graveyard small!" 

Sweet clover tall and slender, 

Is stretching out her hand, 
Filled with blossoms white and fragrant, 

Still faithful to the land 
And dear memories, sad and tender, 

Of the past, when she was blessed 
"With loving admiration, 

From those long since at rest. 

On yonder wooded hill top 

Where headstones catch the light 
They sleep, long generations 

From the home once fair and bright; 
The aged poplars watching 

Time conquer farmhouse gray, 
Are whispering in the moonlight, 

"Man's life is but a day!" 





Sigper of the Declaration of Independence 

By Joseph Foster, Pay Director (Rear Admiral) U. S. X. (Retired) of 

Ports mouth, N. II. 

{Deiiverod before the New Hampshire Society, Sons of the American Revolution at the Annual Meeting, 

Concord, X. H., July 9, 1907] 

Compatriots and Friends: 

One hundred and thirty-one years 
ago, William Whipple, a citizen of 
Portsmouth, and one of the two 
delegates from New Hampshire then 
present in the Continental Congress 
at Philadelphia, committed high trea- 
son against King George III, by 
voting in favor of American Inde- 
pendence, and hy. placing his name 
on the list of those, who, if our Revo- 
lution had been only an unsuccessful 
rebellion, would have ended their 
lives in the tower of London, or have 
died on the gallows as traitors! But 
the Revolution was a success, and a 
nation, now counting almost ninety 
millions of people, was born to honor 
the Signers of the Declaration of 
Independence as the authors of its 
liberty and freedom. 

To many the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence must seem a story of long 
ago — almost as far distant in time as 
the Magna Charta — the first real- 
ization of liberty and the rights of the 
people, in the historic home of New 
England beyond the sea. And so, 
today, we,. Sons of the American 
Revolution, have come together to 
study the life of one of the Signers, 
and to recall the immortal words of 
the Declaration of American Inde- 
pendence — seeking a renewed inspi- 
ration of our patriotism at the foun- 
tain head. 

Listen to its graphic story! 

"When, in the course of human events, it 
becomes necessary for one people to dissolve 
the political bands which have connected 
them with another, and to assume among 
the powers of the earth the separate and 
equal station to which the laws of nature 
and of nature's God entitle them, a decent 
respect to the opinions of mankind requires 

that they should declare the causes which 
impel them to the separation. 

"We hold these truths to be self-evident; 
that all men are created equal; that they 
are endowed by their Creator with certain 
inalienable rights; that among these are life, 
liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. That 
to secure these rights governments are 
instituted among men, deriving their just 
powers from the consent of the governed; 
that whenever any form of government 
becomes destructive of these ends it is the 
right of the people to alter or to abolish it, 
and to institute a new government, laying its 
foundation on such principles and organizing 
its powers in such form as to them shall seem 
most likely to effect their safety and happi- 
ness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that 
governments long established should not be 
changed for light and transient causes; and, 
accordingly, all experience has shown that 
mankind are more disposed to suffer, while 
evils are sufferable, than to right themselves 
by abolishing the forms to which they are 

"But, when a long train of abuses and 
usurpations, pursuing invariably the same 
object, evinces a design to reduce them under 
absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their 
duty, to throw off such government and to 
provide new guards for their future security. 
Such has been the patient sufferance of these 
colonies, and such is now the necessity which 
constrains them to alter their former systems 
of government. The history of the present 
king of Great Britain is a history of repeated 
injuries and usurpations, all having, in direct 
object, the establishment of an absolute 
tyranny over these states. 

"We, therefore, the representatives of the 
United States of America, in general congress 
assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge 
of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, 
do, in the name and by the authority of the 
good people of these colonies, solemnly 
publish and declare that these united colonies 
are, and of right ought to be, free and inde- 
pendent states; that they are absolved from 
all allegiance to the Briti.-h crown, and that 
all political connection between them and 
the state of- Great Britain is. and ought to be, 
totally dissolved; and that as free and 
independent states, they have full power to 


The Granite Monthly 

levy war, conclude peace, contract- alliances, 
establish eonounrrc, and to do all other acts 
and things whi'\h independent states may of 
right do. .And, fo,r tlie support of this decla- 
ration, with a firm reliance on the protection 
of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge 
to each other our lives, our fortunes, and 
our sacred honor. 7 '' 

To these eloquent words of Thomas 
Jefferson, the Magna Charta of Amer- 
ican freedom, and the seed, which, 
planted in the hearts of lovers of 
liberty throughout the world, has 
brought so many blessings to all man- 
kind, was signed the name of William 
Whipple of Portsmouth, who, carrying 
out his own patriotic instincts and the 
earnest desire of our ancestors, with 
Josiah Bartlett of Kingston, and Mat- 
thew Thornton of Londonderry, his 
fellow-delegates from New Hampshire, 
united with fifty-three delegates from 
the other colonies in this the grandest 
act of all history, and thus forever 
immortalized his name on the roll of 
those supporters and protectors of 
human rights and universal liberty 
whom we proudly hail as the greatest 
benefactors of mankind. 

It is my privilege today to tell the 
story of the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence; and of the life of William 
Whipple; and if I sometimes use the 
phrases of another who made a study 
of the lives of the Signers,* you will 
gain in exactness of statement and in 
eloquence of words what you may 
lose in originality, and will therefore, 
I am sure, be willing to pardon my 
choice in this matter. 

" Sanderson's Biography of the 
Signers" relates that ''with the com- 
mencement of the year 1776, the af- 
fairs of the colonies, and certainly the 
views of their political leaders, began 
to assume a new aspect, one of more 
energy, and with motives and objects 
more decided and apparent. Eighteen 
months had passed away since the 
colonists had learned by the intrench- 
ments at Boston, that a resort to 
arms was an event, not beyond the 
contemplation of the British ministry. 

"Nearly a year had elapsed since 

* "Sanderson's Biographv of the Signers to the Declaration of Independence, re-vised and edited by Robert 
T. Conrad," Philadelphia, 1846. 

the fields of Concord and Lexington 
had been stained with hostile blood; 
during this interval, armies had been 
raised, vessels of war had been 
equipped, fortifications had been 
erected, gallant exploits had been 
performed, and eventful battles had 
been lost and won; yet still were the 
provinces bound to their British 
brethren, by the ties of a similar 
allegiance; still did they look upon 
themselves as members of the same 
empire, subjects of the same sovereign, 
and partners in the ^same constitu- 
tion and laws. 

' "Every expedient, however, short 
of unconditional separation, had now 
been tried by congress,— but in vain. 
It appeared worse than useless, longer 
to pursue measures of open hostility, 
and yet to hold out the promises of 
reconciliation. The time had arrived 
when a more decided stand must be 
taken,— the circumstances of the na- 
tion demanded it, the success of the 
struggle depended on it. The best 
and wisest men had become convinced 
that no accommodation could take 
place, and that a course which was 
not marked by decision, would create 
dissatisfaction among the resolute, 
while it would render more uncer- 
tain the feeble and the wavering. 

"During the spring of 1776, there- 
fore, the question of independence 
became one of very r general interest 
and reflection among all classes of 
the nation. It was taken into consid- 
eration by some of the colonial legis- 
latures, and in Virginia a resolution 
was adopted in favor of its immediate 

"Under these circumstances, the 
subject was brought directly before 
congress, on Friday, the seventh of 
June, 1776," when Richard Henry 
Lee, of Virginia, "moved 'that these 
United Colonies are, and of right 
ought to be, free and independent 
states; that they are absolved from 
all allegiance to the British crown; 
and that all political connection 
between them and the state of Great 

Willi&rh Whipple 


Britain is, and ought to be, totally 
dissolved.' ' "It was discussed very 
fuliy on the following Saturday 
and Monday," and "on [Monday] the 
tenth of June it was resolved, 'that 
the consideration of the resolution 
respecting independence be post- 
poned till the first Monday in July 
next; and in the meanwhile, that no 
time be lost, in case the congress 
agree thereto, that a committee be 
appointed to prepare a declaration to 
the effect of the said resolution.' " 

This Committee consisted of 
Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, John 
Adams of Massachusetts, Benjamin 
Franklin of Pennsylvania, Roger 
Sherman of Connecticut, and Robert 
R. Livingston of New York; Mr. 
Lee, the original mover of the reso- 
lution, being called home by "the 
dangerous illness of some members 
of his family;" "and to Mr. Jefferson, 
the chairman of the committee, was 
ultimately assigned the important 
duty of preparing the draught of the 
document, for the formation of which 
they had been appointed. 

"The task thus devolved upon Mr. 
Jefferson, was of no ordinary magni- 
tude; and required the exercise of 
no common judgment and foresight. 
To frame such a document, was the 
effort of no common mind. That of 
Mr. Jefferson proved fully equal to the 
task. His labors received the imme- 
diate approbation and sanction of 
the committee: and their .opinion 
has been confirmed by the testimony 
of succeeding years, and of every 
nation where it has been known. 

"On the twenty-eighth day of June, 
the Declaration of Independence was 
presented to congress, and read. On 
the first, second and third of July, it 
was taken into full consideration; and 
on the fourth, it was agreed to after 
several alterations, and considerable 
omissions had been made in the 
draught, as it was first framed by the 

"When the question of independ- 
ence was put, in a committee of the 
whole, on the first of July, . .. . 
and the president resumed the chair, 

the chairman of the committee of the 
whole made his report, which was not 
acted upon until Thursday, July 4. 
Every state, excepting Pennsylvania 
and Delaware, had voted in favor of 
the measure, but it was a matter of 
great importance to procure an unani- 
mous voice." The return of one of the 
Delaware members, who was in favor 
of the Declaration, secured the voice of 
that state on the fourth of July, and 
"two of the members of the Penn- 
sylvania delegation, adverse to the 
measure, being absent, that state was 
also united in the vote, by a majority 
of one. By these means, the Decla- 
ration of Independence became the 
unanimous act of the thirteen states." 

"Speaking of the Declaration of 
Independence,''' Thomas Jefferson 
said, "that 'John Adams was the 
pillar of its support on the floor of 
congress; its ablest advocate and 
defender against the multifarious 
assaults it encountered.' " 

"The transport of his [Mr. Adams'] 
feelings, the exuberance of his joy, 
on . . . [the adoption of the 
Declaration,] may be seen most 
vividly portrayed in the letter which 
he wrote Mrs. Adams on the succeed- 
ing day — a letter that is memorable, 
and now embalmed in American 
history, simply because it is so true 
and inartificial an effusion of ardent, 
enlightened, and disinterested patriot- 

'• 'Yesterday/ he says, 'the greatest 
question was decided, that was ever 
debated in America; and greater, 
perhaps, never was or will be decided 
among men. A resolution was passed, 
without one dissenting colony, 'that 
these United States are, and of right 
ought to be, free and independent 
states.' The day is passed. The 
fourth of July, 1776, will be a mem- 
orable epoch in the history of America. 
I am apt to believe it will be celebrated 
by succeeding generations, as the 
great anniversary festival. It ought 
to be commemorated as a day of 
deliverance, by solemn acts of devo- 
tion to Almighty God. It ought to 
be solemnized with pomps, shows, 


The Granite Monthly 

game?, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, 

and illuminations, from one end of 
the continent t^j the other, from this 
time forward for ever. You will 
think me transported with enthu- 
siasm, but I am not. I am welt 
aware of the toil, and blood, and 
treasure, that it will cost to maintain 
this declaration, and support and 
defend these states; yet through all 
the gloom, I can see the rays of light 
and glory. I can see that the end 
is worth more than all the means; 
and that posterity will triumph, 
although you and I may rue, which 
I hope we shall not.' ' 

On the 15th day of June, 1776, the 
New Hampshire Legislature .had 
instructed the delegates in Congress 
from New Hampshire, to join with 
the other colonies in declaring the 
thirteen United Colonies a free and 
independent state. 

And "on that memorable day, 
[when] the decisive vote was taken, 
which resulted in the unanimous decla- 
ration of all the states in favor of inde- 
pendence, [New Hampshire spoke first, 
for] in taking the question the north- 
ernmost colony was first called on, 
and Dr. [Josiah] Bartlett, [of Xew 
Hampshire, born 1729, died 1795] 
had the accidental, but interesting 
duty of first giving his voice in favor 
of the resolution. 7 ' 

And William Whipple of Ports- 
mouth, the only other delegate from 
New Hampshire, then serving in 
congress, was the second to give his 
vote in favor of Independence. 

For, "on the twenty-third of Jan- 
uary, 1776, a second election for 
delegates [from New Hampshire] 
to the continental congress [had] 
occurred." and Josiah Bartlett of 
Kingston, and "his most attached 
personal friends, William Whipple 
and John Langdon," of Portsmouth, 
were chosen. The two former "long 
served" with each other "in Congress, 
and their signatures are found together 
on the charter of Independence. Mr. 
Langdon, owing to an appointment 
to another office lost the opportunity 

of recording his patriotic sentiments 
in the same conspicuous manner.'' 

"On the twelfth of September, 
1776," Matthew Thornton, of Lon- 
donderry, born 1714, died 1803 "was 
appointed, by the house of repre- 
sentatives, a delegate to represent 
the state of New Hampshire in Con- 
gress, during the term of one year. 
He did not take his seat in that 
illustrious body until the fourth of 
November following, being four 
months after the passage of the 
Declaration of Independence: but he 
immediately acceded to it, and was 
permitted to place his signature on 
the engrossed copy of the instrument, 
among those of the fifty-six worthies, 
who have immortalized their names 
by that memorable and magnan- 
imous act." 

"The Declaration of Independence 
. was accompanied in its first 
publication by the signature of Mr. 
Hancock alone," and "the manu- 
script public journal has no names 
annexed to the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, nor has the secret journal; 
but it appears by the latter, that on 
the nineteenth day of July, 1776, 
the Congress directed that it should 
be engrossed on parchment, and 
signed by every member, and that 
it was so produced on the second of 
August, and signed. This is inter- 
lined in the secret journal, in the hand 
of Charles Thomson, the secretary/' 

"The printed journals of Congress, 
indeed, make it appear, that the 
Declaration of Independence was 
adopted and signed on the fourth of 
July, by the gentlemen whose names 
are subscribed to it utider the head 
of that date. But this impression 
is incorrect; because, in fact not one 
signature was affixed to the Declara- 
tion until the second of August. The 
idea of signing does not appear to 
have occurred immmediately; for not 
until the nineteenth of July . . . 
did the resolution pass, directing the 
Declaration to be engrossed on parch- 
ment. This was accordingly done; 
and on the second of August following, 
when the engrossed copy was pre- 

William Whipple 


pared, and not before, the Declara- 
tion was signed by the members, who 
on that day were present in congress. 
. . . Those 'members who were 
absent on the second of August, sub- 
scribed the Declaration as soon after 
as opportunity offered/' 

It is stated, indeed, in Michael's 
"Story of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence," with the biographies and 
portraits, of the signers and of the 
secretary of the Congress, issued by 
the State Department in 1904, that 
"on the 2d of August the engrossed 
copy was signed by fifty members," 
and that "Wythe signed about August 
27, Richard Henry Lee, Gerry [and] 
Wolcott in September, Thornton in 
November following, and MeKean 
later, probably in 1781." 

"Sanderson'' relates that "The 
engrossed copy of the Declaration of 
Independence was placed on the desk 
of the secretary of congress, on the 
second of August, to receive the 
signatures of the members, and Mr. 
Hancock, president of congress, dur- 
ing a conversation with Mr. [Charles] 
Carroll [of Maryland, who had only 
taken his seat on the eighteenth of 
the previous month], asked him if he 
would sign it. 'Most willingly,' was 
the reply, and taking a pen, he at 
once put his name to the instrument. 
'There goes a few millions,' said one 
of those who stood by; and all 
present at the time agreed, that in 
point of fortune, few risked more 
than Charles Carroll of Carrollton." 

The case of Mr. Carroll was not 
singular, for besides Doctor Thornton 
of New Hampshire, already men- 
tioned, five of the Pennsylvania 
delegates who signed the Declaration 
were not present in congress on the 
fourth of July, 1770, "not having been 
chosen delegates by the legislature 
of Pennsylvania until the twentieth 
day of that month," "to succeed those 
members of the Pennsylvania dele- 
gation who had refused their assent 
to the Declaration of Independence, 
and abandoned their seats in congress. 

William Ellery, one of the Signers 
from Rhode Island, in after years, 

"often spoke of the signing of the 
Declaration; and he spoke of it as 
an event which many regarded with 
awe. perhaps with uncertainty, but 
none with fear. T was determined,' 
he used to say, 'to see how they all 
looked, as they signed what might be 
their death warrant. I placed my- 
sel beside the secretary, Charles 
Thomson, and eyed each closely as 
he affixed his name to the document. 
Undaunted resolution was displayed 
in every countenance.' : 

" When the fiftieth anniversary of 
the Declaration of Independence 
approached, two only of the com- 
mittee that prepared that document, 
and of the Congress that voted its 
adoption and promulgation, and one 
more besides of those who inscribed 
their names upon it, yet survived." 

"' * Like the books of the Sybil, the 
living signers of the Declaration of 
Independence increased, in value as 
thev diminished in number.' On the 
third of July, 1826, three only 
remained, — John Adams, Thomas 
Jefferson, and Charles Carroll of 
Carrollton. On the fourth of July, 
1826, the fiftieth anniversary of the 
day on which they pledged their all 
to their country, when the ten 
millions who were indebted to them 
for liberty, were celebrating the year 
of jubilee; when the names of the 
three signers were on every lip, John 
Adams and Thomas Jefferson died, 
leaving Charles Carroll of Carrollton" 
the last link between the past and 
that "generation." 

" That such an anniversary should 
be the day appointed for the depar- 
ture of the two co-laborers" was a 
startling coincidence, and ''the uni- 
versal burst of feeling in all parts of 
this country, showed that the nation 
recognized something in the dispen- 
sation beyond the ordinary laws of 
human existence. 

" They departed cheered by the 
benedictions of their country, to 
whom they left the inheritance of 
their fame, and the memory of their 
bright example. 

" On the fourteenth of November, 


The Granite Monthly 

1S32, Charles Carroll of Carrojlton, 
the last of the signers, full of years 
and full of honors, closed his earthly 
career [aged 9o years]. A nation's 
tears were shed upon his grave: a 
nation's gratitude hallows his mem- 

" They pledged their lives, their 
fortunes and rheir sacred honor; and 
not one was false to the pledge — not- 
one! They suffered much ; some died 
from hardships encountered, some 
were imprisoned, many were impov- 
erished, and all were tempted by 
promises, and menaced by the wrath 
of what seemed, for a time, an 
earthly omnipotence: but all stood 
firm. There was doubt previous to 
the declaration — none after. Every 
name shone brighter as the darkness 
thickened. Each patriot was a sun 
that stood fast . . . until the 
battle of independence had been 
fought and won. 

" They are no more, they are dead. 
But how little is there of the great 
and good which can die! To their 
country they yet live and live for ever. 
They live in all that perpetuates the 
remembrance of men on earth: in the 
recorded proofs of their own great 
actions, in the offspring of their 
intellect, in the deep engraved lines 
of public gratitude, and in the respect 
and homage of mankind. They live 
in their example: and they live, 
emphatically, and will live, in the 
influence which their lives and efforts 
their principles and opinions, now 
exercise and will continue to exercise, 
on the affairs of men, not only in 
their own country, but throughout 
the civilized world." 

The Declaration of Independence 
was publicly proclaimed in Ports- 
mouth, on the 18th of July, 1776, 
from the steps facing on King street, 
of the Old State House, built in 
1758 upon a ledge of rocks occupying 
the centre of Market square, which 
stood there until removed in 1837; 
and when the reading was finished, 
Thomas Manning, a devoted patriot 
of Portsmouth, threw his hat in 
the air, shouting "Huzza for Con- 

gress street,'' which then and there 
became its name; a name, which 
in memory of the Congress of 1776, 
it will, I trust, forever bear. 

That Portsmouth is full of Revolu- 
tionary memories is doubtless well 
known to all who hear my voice; 
but while all may know that the first 
overt act of the Revolution was the 
capture on the night of the 13th of 
December, 1774, at Fort William 
and Mary, now Fort Constitution, 
by the patriots of Portsmouth' and 
vicinity, of the powder, which a little 
later was so bravely expended at 
Bunker Hill, yet few realize the fact 
that this William Whipple,— illus- 
trious both in state and field — besides 
signing the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence, took a prominent part in the 
capture of Burgoyne, a victory which 
delivered the American cause from 
the greatest peril and brought joy 
without measure to the people, and 
that in behalf of General Gates he 
signed the articles of capitulation of 
the British troops; and afterwards 
was one of the officers under whose 
charge they were conducted to their 
place of encampment on Winter hill, 
near Boston. 

Let me tell his story as briefly as I 

William Whipple was the son of 
Capt. William Whipple, senior, of 
Kittery, Me., who died the seventh 
of August, 1751, aged fifty six years. 
Captain Whipple was a native of 
Ipswich, Mass., wmither his great 
grandfather. Elder John. Whipple, 
came from Essex, England, in or 
before 1639. William Whipple, the 
son, was born the 14th of January, 
1730, in the "Whipp e garrison 
house'' on Whipple's cove, Kittery, 
his father's house, and previously 
the home of his maternal grand- 
father and great grandfather, Robert 
Cutt, first and second, where Harrison 
J. Philbrick now resides. 

He was educated in the public 
schools of Kittery, and early went to 
sea, as did so many Kittery and 
Portsmouth boys from that time up 
to the breaking out of the Civil War, 

WiMiam Whipple 


for a "Life on the Ocean Wave*' was 
for many years,, the most promising 
one there open to an energetic and 
ambitions boy. He obtained the 
command of a vessel before he was 
twenty-one years of age, and engaged 
in the European, West India and 
African trade, in one voyage, at least, 
bringing slaves, it is said, to this 
country from Africa, for at that time, 
one hundred and fifty years ago, and 
for thirty or forty years afterwards, 
slaves were held in New Hampshire; 
and. indeed, the constitution of the 
United States authorized their impor- 
tation from Africa into this country 
until the year 1808, fifty years later. 

In 1759, at the age of twenty-nine, 
he abandoned the sea entirely, and 
entered into business in Portsmouth 
with his brother, under the firm name 
of William and Joseph Whipple, 
which connection lasted till about two 
years previous to the Revolution. 

" At an early period of the contest, 
he took a decided part in favor of the 
colonies, in their opposition to the 
claims of Great Britain; and his 
townsmen; placing the highest confi- 
dence in his patriotism and integrity, 
frequently elected him to offices which 
required great firmness and modera- 
tion. In January, 1775, he was 
chosen one of the representatives of 
the town of Portsmouth to the pro- 
vincial congress held at Exeter for 
the purpose of choosing delegates to 
the general congress, which was to 
meet in Philadelphia on the tenth of 
May following. 

" When the disputes between the 
two countries were approaching to a 
crisis, the provincial committee of 
safety of New Hampshire recommend- 
ed that a provincial congress should 
be formed, for the purpose of direct- 
ing and managing the public affairs 
of the state during the term of six 
months. The delegates from the 
town of Portsmouth were five in 
number, among whom was Captain 
Whipple. He accordingly attended 
the meeting of the congress, which 
convened at Exeter in the beginning 
of May, 1775 ; and was elected by 

that body one of the provincial com- 
mittee of safety, who were to regulate 
the affairs of government during the 
war. In the early part of the same 
year, he was also chosen one of the 
committee of safety for the town of 

'"At the close of the year 1775, the 
people of Xew Hampshire assumed a 
form of government, consisting of a 
house of representatives and a council 
of twelve, the president of which was 
the chief executive officer. Mr. Whip- 
ple was chosen one of the council, 
on the sixth of January, 1776, and 
on the twenty-third of the same 
month, a delegate to the general 
congress: he took his seat on the 
twenty-ninth of February following. 
He continued to be re-elected to that 
distinguished situation in the years 
1777, 1778, and 1779, and applied 
himself with diligence and ability to 
the discharge of its duties, when the 
military services which he rendered 
during that period permitted him to 
be an acting member of the New 
Hampshire delegation. In the middle 
of September, 1779, he finally retired 
from congress, after having attended, 
without the least intermission, at his 
post of duty from the fifth of the 
preceding month of November. 

" Whilst in congress he was consid- 
ered a very useful and active member, 
and discharged the duties of his office 
in a manner alike honorable to himself 
and satisfactory to his constituents. 
In the current and committed business 
of the house he displayed equal 
perseverance, ability and application. 
His early pursuits rendered him par- 
ticularly useful as a member of the 
committees of marine and of com- 
merce; and, as one of the superin- 
tendents of the commissary's and 
quartermaster's departments, he 
labored, with much assiduity, to 
correct the abuses which had prevailed 
and to place those establishments 
upon such a footing as might best 
conduce to the public service. When 
the depreciation of the continental 
currency became excessive, he strongly 
opposed new emissions of paper, as 


The Granite Monthly 

tending to the utter destruction of 
public confidence^ 

" Soon after Mr. Whipple's return to 
New Hampshire [in 1777] he was 
called on to exercise his patriotism 
in scenes and modes yet untried, lie 
had buffeted the waves as a seaman; 
lie had pursued the peaceful occu- 
pations of a merchant; and he had 
distinguished himself as a legislator 
and a statesman; but lie was now 
called on to undergo the severer 
personal duties, and to gather the 
more conspicuous laurels of a soldier. 
The overwhelming force of Burgoyne 
having compelled the American 
troops to evacuate their strong post at 
Ticonderoga, universal alarm pre- 
vailed in the north. The committee 
■of the 'New Hampshire Grants/ 
which had now formed themselves 
into a separate state, wrote in the 
most pressing terms to the committee 
of safety at Exeter, for assistance. 
The assembly of New Hampshire was 
immediately convened, and adopted 
the most effectual and decisive meas- 
ures for the defence of the country, 
They formed the whole militia of the 
state into two brigades, giving the 
command of the first to William 
Whipple, and of the second to General 
Stark. General Stark was immedi- 
ately ordered to march, 'to stop the 
progress of the enemy on our western 
frontiers.' with one fourth of his 
brigade, and one fourth of three 
regiments belonging to the brigade 
of General Whipple. 

"Burgoyne, presuming that no more 
effectual opposition would be made, 
flattered himself that he might ad- 
vance without much annoyance. To 
the accomplishments and experience 
of his officers, was added a formidable 
train of artillery, with all the appara- 
tus, stores and equipments, which 
the nature of the service required. 
His army was principally composed 
•of veteran corps of the best troops 
of Britain and Germany, and Amer- 
ican loyalists furnished it with spies ; 
scouts, and rangers: a numerous 
body of savages, in their own dress 
and with their own weapons, and 

characteristic ferocity, increased the 
terrors of its approach. 

" Flushed by a confidence in his 
superior force, and deceived in his 
opinion of the number of friendly 
loyalists, the British general dis- 
patched Lieutenant-Colonel Baum 
from Fort Edward, with about fifteen 
hundred of his German troops, and 
a body of Indians, to overrun the 
'Grants' as far as the Connecticut 
river, for the purpose of collecting 
horses to mount the dragoons, and 
cattle, both for labor and provisions. 
He was encountered at Bennington 
by the intrepid Stark, who carried 
the works which he had constructed, 
by assault, and killed or captured the 
greater part of his detachment; a 
few only escaped into the woods, and 
saved themselves by flight. 

"This victory gave a severe check to 
the hopes of the enemy, and revived 
the spirits of the people after a long 
depression. The courage of the mil- 
itia increased with their reputation, 
and they found that neither British 
nor German regulars were invincible. 
Burgoyne was weakened and dis- 
heartened by the event, and begin- 
ning to perceive the danger of his 
situation, he now considered the men 
of New r Hampshire and the Green 
Mountains, .whom he had viewed 
with contempt,as dangerous enemies." 

" The northern army was now rein- 
forced by the militia of all the neigh- 
boring states. Brigadier General 
Whipple marched with a great part 
of his brigade; and volunteers from 
all parts of New Hampshire hastened 
in great numbers to join the standard 
of General Gates. In the desperate 
battles of Stillwater and of Saratoga, 
the troops of New Hampshire gained 
a large share of the honor due to the 
American army. The consequence 
of these engagements was the sur- 
render of General Burgoyne. When 
the British army capitulated, he was 
appointed, with Colonel Wilkinson, 
as the representative of General Gates, 
to meet two officers from General 
Burgoyne, for the purpose of pro- 
pounding, discussing, and settling 

William Whipple 


■ '■ 

several subordinate articles and reg- 
ulations springing from the prelim- 
inary proposals of the British general, 
ancl which required explanation and 
precision before the definitive treaty 
could be properly executed. By con- 
cert with Major Kingston, a tent was 
pitched between the advanced 
guards of the two armies, where they 
met Lieutenant-Colonel Sutherland, 
and Captain Craig of the forty-seventh 
regiment, on the afternoon of the 
sixteenth of October, 1777. Plaving 
produced and exchanged credentials, 
they proceeded to discuss the objects 
of their appointment, and in the even- 
ing signed the articles of capitulation. 
After the attainment of this grand 
object, General Whipple was selected 
as one of the officers, under whose 
command the British troops were 
conducted to their destined encamp- 
ment on Winter hill, near Boston.'' 

It is related in the ''Rambles 
about Portsmouth" that General 
Whipple had two slaves — "Prince 
and Cuffee Whipple," who "were 
brought to that town with a number 
of others of their color, in a ship from 
the coast of Africa prior to 1766, then 
about ten years old. It was said that 
that they were brothers, the sons of 
an African prince, sent over for an 
education, but retained in slavery.'' 

Prince attended General Whipple 
on the expedition to Saratoga, but 
one morning on the way to the army, 
"Prince appeared sulky and in ill 
humor. His master upbraided him 
for his misconduct. 'Master,' said 
Prince, 'You are going to light for 
your liberty, but I have none to fight 
for.' 'Prince,' replied his master, 
'behave like a man and do your duty, 
and from this hour you shall be free.' 
Prince wanted no other incentive; he 
performed his duty like a man through- 
out the campaign, which ended in the 
surrender of Burgoyne, and from that 
clay he was a free man." 

Prince Whipple, a prince in Africa, 
a slave in America, "was a large, well- 
proportioned and fine looking man, 
and of gentlemanly manners and 
deportment. He was the Caleb Quo- 

tem of the old-fashioned semi-monthly 
assemblies, and at all large weddings 
and dinners, balls and evening parties 
[in Portsmouth]. Nothing could go 
on- right without Prince, and his death 
was much regretted by both the white 
and colored inhabitants of the town; 
by the latter of whom he was always 
regarded as a leader." (Rambles 
about Portsmouth, I, 152-153.) 

Prince Whipple's name appears on 
" General Whipple's Staff Roll" both 
for the Saratoga campaign in 1777 
and the Rhode Island campaign in 
1778; and he rests in the North Cem- 
etery, Portsmouth, not far from his 
master. "Mr. Prince Whipple, a 
sober, honest, black man," 
as the 'New Hampshire Gazelle of 
November 19, 1798, said in announc- 
ing his death. A government head- 
stone— "Prince W h i p p 1 e, Cont'l 
Troops, Rev. War," marks his grave. 

" Nor was the expedition against 
Burgoyne the only military affair that 
Mr. Whipple was engaged in during 
his absence from congress. 

" It may be recollected tha. in the 
latter part of the summer [of 1778], 
when Count d'Estaing had abandoned 
his project of attacking the British 
fleet, at New York, a plan was formed 
for his co-operation with General 
Sullivan in retaking Rhode Island 
from the British. To aid in this 
measure the militia of the adjoin- 
ing states was called out, and the 
detachment of New Hampshire was 
placed under the command of General 
Whipple. The scheme, owing to some 
accident, o; the neglect of a proper 
understanding, proved unsuccessful, 
and General Sullivan was only able 
to save his army by a judicious 

" During this brief campaign, it is 
recorded, that one morning [the 29th 
of August, 1778], whilst a number of 
officers were at breakfast at the 
general's quarters, at the position 
on the north end of the island [on 
which Newport is situated], the Brit- 
ish advanced to an eminence about 
three quarters of a mile distant; per- 
ceiving horses and a guard before the 



The Granite Monthly 

door, they discharged a field piece 
which killed one N of the horses, and 
the ball, penetrating the side of the 
house, passed under the table where 
the officers were sitting, and shattered 
the leg of the brigade major of General 
Whipple's [brigade] in such a manner 
that amputation was necessary." This 
officer was Major John Samuel Sher- 
burne, of Portsmouth, nephew of 
General Whipple's wife, and brother 
of Governor Langdon's, who was 
subsequently a member of congress 
(1793-1796), and judge of the United 
States Court for the district of New 
Hampshire. He was irreverently 
called "Cork-leg Sherburne" by the 
boys of long ago, and afterwards 
resided in the house on Court street 
next west of the old court house. 

" The design for which the militia 
were called out having thus proved 
abortive, many of them were dis- 
charged, and General Whipple with 
those under his command returned to 
New Hampshire. According to the 
pay-roll for the general and staff of 
his division of volunteers, it appears 
that he took command on the 26th 
of July, and returned on the 5th of 
September, 1778." 

While in congress Mr. Whipple 
was a member of the marine or naval 
committee, and it will be remembered 
that, on June 1-4, 1777, the same day 
upon which Congress established the 
Stars and Stripes as our national flag, 
it also passed the following resolu- 
tions : 

''Resolved. That Captain John Paul Joins 
he appointed to command the Ranger, ship 
of war. 

"Resolved. That William Whipple Esq.. 
member of Congress, and of the Marine Com- 
mittee, John Langdon, Esq., continental 
agent, and the said John Paul Jones be 
authorized to appoint lieutenants and other 
commisssioned officers and warrant officers 
necessary for said ship; and that blank 
commissions and warrants be sent them to 
be filled up with the names of the persons they 
appoint, returns whereof to be made to the 
naval board in the Eastern department.'' 

The following inscription on a 
bronze tablet at the ferry landing of 
the Atlantic Shore Line Electric Rail- 

way, Badgers Island, Kittery, Maine, 
opposite the city of Portsmouth, X. 
H., tells succinctly the story of the 

" In memory of 
the Continental sloop of war 


launched from this island 

May 10, 1777. 

Sailed for France November 1, 1777, 

John Paul Jones, Captain, 

with dispatches of 

Burgoyne's surrender. 

• Received February 14, 177S, 

the first salute 

to the Stars and Stripes 

from the French fleet. 

Captured the 

British sloop of war Drake, 

April 24, 177S. 

Erected by the Paul Jones Club 

of Portsmouth, 

Sons of the American Re volution. 


"The high consideration in which 
his services were held by congress did 
not cease to accompany Air. Whipple 
in his retirement. In the beginning 
of the year 1780 he was appointed a 
commissioner of the board of admi- 
ralty, which office he declined accept- 
ing, owing to the situation of his 
private affairs. 

"In the [same] year, 1780, imme- 
diately after his retirement from 
Congress, he was elected a member of 
the legislature, to which office ho was 
repeatedly chosen [1780 to 1784] and 
continued to enjoy the confidence 
and approbation of his fellow-citi- 

u In May, 1782, the superintendent 
of finance, confiding in 'his inclina- 
tion and abilities to promote the 
interests of the United States/ ap- 
pointed Air. Whipple receiver for the 
state of New Hampshire, a commis- 
sion at once arduous and unpopular. 
It was invariably the rule of Air. 
[Robert] Morris to grant this appoint- 
ment only to men of tried integrity 
and invincible patriotism. The duty 
of the office was not only to receive 
and transmit the sums collected in the 
state, but to expedite that collection 
by ail proper means, and incessantly 
to urge the local authorities to comply 
with the requisitions of congress." 

Willidfn Whipple 



This position h« retained, at Mr. 
Morris' solicitation, and much against 
his own wishes, until August, 17S-L 

In 1782 he was president of a court, 
organized by congress, which met at 
Trenton, New Jersey, to determine 
the dispute, "between the states of 
Pennsylvania and Connecticut .relative 
to certain lands at Wyoming." which 
resulted in the unanimous decision 
-of the court that Connecticut had "no 
right to the lands in controversy.''' 

General Whipple resigned his mili- 
tary appointment June 20th. 17S2, 
mid his failing health prevented him, 
after this time, "from engaging in the 
more active scenes of life." 

"On the [same day, the] twentieth 
of June, 1782, he was appointed a 
judge of the superior court of judi- 
cature" of New Hampshire, and "on 
the twenty-fifth of December, 1784, 
. .. . a justice of the peace and 
quorum throughout the state.' 7 

General Whipple died in Ports- 
mouth, "on the twenty-eighth day of 
November, 1785, in the fifty-fifth 
year of his age," and "his body was 
•deposited in the North burying ground 
in Portsmouth.'' 

The New Hampshire Gazette of 
December 9, 1785, thus announced 
Iiis death: 

"On Monday, the 28th ultimo 
(November 28, 1785). died, univers- 
ally lamented, the Hon. General 
William Whipple, a judge of the 
superior court of this state. In him 
concentred every principle that exalts 
the dignity of man. His disinter- 
ested patriotism and public services 
are now known to all; and when 
newspaper enconiums are lost in 
oblivion, the pen of the historian shall 
preserve the remembrance of his 
virtues in the breast of succeeding 
generations. During a long course 
of unequalled sufferings, he endured 
his lot with a firmness correspondent 
to the greatness of his mind. He 
viewed his approaching dissolution 
with a heroic fortitude, in full confi- 
dence that He who made him best 
knew how to dispose of him. In his 
•extremes! agonies, his mind was still 

revolving schemes for the happiness 
of mankind, and those sentiments of 
benevolence which distinguished him 
while living, were the last that died 
in him. He was generous and humane 
and the elements so mixed in him, 
that nature might rise up and say, 
'This was a man.' " 

General Whipple was born in Kit- 
tery, Maine, but removed to Ports- 
mouth and lived and died in the 
Moffatt house on the west side of 
Market street, midway between Han- 
over and Deer streets, where, south 
of the house, still stands a beautiful 

:C^'~ ■■ ■ ■--■ ■'. -•-;•:" 


I . 

Home of Gen. Whipple 

horse-chestnut tree planted by his 
hand. His gravestone in the centre 
of the North cemetery, Portsmouth, 
bears the following inscription: 

"Here are deposited the remains 
of the Honourable William Whipple 
who departed this Life 
on the 28th day of November, 1785, 
in the 55th year of his Age. 
He was often elected 
and thrice attended 
the Continental Congress 
as Delegate 
for the State of New Hampshire, 
particularly in that memorable year 
in which 
America declared itself independent 

of Great Britain. 
He was also at the time of his decease 

a Judge 

of the supreme Court of Judicature. 

In Hi in 

a firm & ardent Patriotism 

was united with 

universal benevolence 

and every social Virtue." 


The Granite Monthly 

Do we realize, Compatriots and 

Friends, that there were only fifty- 
six signers of the Declaration of 

Just think for a moment: thirty-two 
of the forty-five states of the American 
Union — almost three fourths — have 
no such jewel in their caskets, and 
not one in a thousand of the cities 
and towns which dot our broad land 
have such a treasure! Nor can they 
ever hope to have, for while the list 
of other illustrious men and women 
increases with the passing years, there 
has been but one Declaration of 
American Independence— source of 
our liberty and freedom ! 

Portsmouth, recognizing her happy 
preeminence over her sisters in this 
and other states, at the request of 
Storer Post,, Grand Army of the 
Republic, of that city, gave, in 1890, 
the name of William Whipple to the 
new State street school; and in the 
following year, the Post presented 
his oil portrait to the city to be placed 
in the Whipple school, where it may 
now be seen. 

General Whipple married his 
cousin, Catharine MofTatt. of Ports- 
mouth, but left no descendants, their 
only child, a son, dying in infancy. 
His stone — "William Whipple, died 
April 29, 1773, aged 1 year" — stands 
near his father's in the North ceme- 
tery, Portsmouth. 

Mrs. Whipple survived her hus- 
band many years, removing in 1811 
to her farm near the Plains, where 
she lived in the Waldron house, the 
large gambrel-roofed dwelling on the 
road leading south from the Plains — 
and there she died. Her body rests 
in the Governor Langdon tomb on 
the southern side of the North 
cemetery, but the inscription— "Mrs. 
Catharine Whipple, Born 1723, Died 
1823" — is not correct, as shown by 
the following notice of her death 
taken from the Portsmouth Journal of 
November 24, 1821. 

"Died- On Thursday noon (Nov- 
ember 22, 1821;, at 'the advanced 
age, of 90 years, Madam Katherine 
Whipple, relict, of the late Gen. Wil- 

liam Whipple, and daughter of the 
late John MofTatt, Esq. — The funeral 
will take place tomorrow afternoon 
[Sunday, November 25, 1821]. after 
divine service, from the house of the 
late Governor Langdon." 

Elizabeth Sherburne, daughter of 
Hon. John and Elizabeth (Moffatt) 
Sherburne, and wife of Governor John 
Langdon was Airs. Whipple's niece, 
her sister's child. 

How can I. in the time allotted me, 
speak of the many things in which the 
men and women of Whipple's blood 
have taken part from the first settle- 
ment of the colonies until now! 

It is impossible to do the subject 
justice; and for information concern- 
ing his ancestors and family, I must 
refer to two pamphlets, "The Presen- 
tation of Flags to the Schools of 
Portsmouth, N. II., October 9th, 
1890, by Storer Post," and "The 
Presentation of the Portraits of Gen- 
eral Whipple and Admiral Farragut 
to the City of Portsmouth, N. H., 
November 20, 1891, by Storer Post"— 
where several letters written by Gen- 
era! Whipple during the Revolution, 
and many details of his life will also 
be found. 

But now, I must at least, pay my 
tribute of admiration to that eminent 
poet, essayist; and statesman, James 
Russell Lowell; great grandson of 
General Whipple's sister, Mary 
(Whipple) Traill; whose death Aug- 
ust 12, 1891, in Cambridge, Mass., 
the whole English speaking world 
lamented; for he with all his father's 
family always had a strong interest 
in Portsmouth, and in the Portsmouth 
stock from which they sprung. 

In the study of Mr. Lowell's char- 
acter and works, it is worthy of 
remembrance that Professor Charles 
Eliot Norton of Cambridge, Mass., 
James Russell Lowell's literary exec- 
utor, says, that "many of the most 
striking traits of Air. Lowell's char- 
acter and genius came to him from 
his mother's side." 

James Russell Lowell, born 22 
February, 1819. in Cambridge, 'Mass., 
son of Rev. Charles and Harriet 

William WkippU 


; Spenee) Lowefl, was grandson • of 
Keith and Mary (Traill) Spenee of 
Portsmouth, and great grandson of 
Robert and Mary (Whipple) Traill, 
also of Portsmouth. 

•Robert Traill, born in the Orkney 
Islands, was a distinguished merchant 
of Portsmouth, comptroller of the 
port until the Revolution, and after- 
ward collector of the Island of Ber- 
muda. He resided in the house then 
and now standing at the south west 
corner of State and Fleet streets 
(No. 82 State street). Mrs. Traill 


suddenly at New Orleans and 
buried there. 

Mi*. Lowell's great grandmother, 
Mary (Whipple) Traill, was a daugh- 
ter of Captain William Whipple, 
senior, and Mary (Cutt) Whipple. 
The latter died 24 February. 1783, 
aged 84, and the ashes of Mrs. 
Whipple, Mrs. Traill, and Mrs. Spenee, 
three direct ancestors of Mr. Lowell, 
rest in the North cemetery, Ports- 
mouth, where their stones may be 
seen on the rising ground near the 
centre of the cemetery close to the 

,-. ■ 




Whipple School, Portsmouth 


survived her husband, and died 3 
October, 1791, aged 61 years. Their 
only daughter, Mary, married Keith 
Spenee, a merchant from Scotland, 
who settled in Portsmouth, Purser, 
U, S. N., 1800-1805, whom she sur- 
vived, and died 10 January, 1824, 
aged 09. Keith Spenee was "a 
gentleman justly held in high estima- 
tion for his probity, intelligence, and 
nice sense of honor." He was purser 
of the frigate Philadelphia when that 
vessel was captured by the Tripol- 
itans, 31 October, 1803. He died 

stone of their distinguished son, 
brother and uncle, General William 
Whipple, signer of the Declaration 
of Independence. 

Captain William Whipple, senior, 
resided in the "Whipple garrison 
house" in Kittery, Me., previously 
the home of Robert Cutt (2d), where 
Llarrison J. Philbrick now lives, and 
died August 7, 1751, aged 56. Cap- 
tain Whipple's stone and those of 
Robert Cutt (2d), who died Septem- 
ber 24, 1735, aged 09, and of Dorcas 
(Hammond) Cutt, who died Novem- 
ber 17, 1757, aged 83, his wife's 



The Granite Monthly 

father and mother, are yet standing 
in the cemetery near the Champer- 
nowne Hotel in Kittery. so that a 
pilgrimage to the graves of these four 
generations of Mr. Lowell's ancestors 
may, and doubtless will, be often made 
in the coming years by many who 
enjoy the writings and rejoice in the 
fame of this distinguished son of 

It is related in the " Rambles about 
Portsmouth' 7 that Hon. Jotham 
Odiorne, of Portsmouth, a member of 
His Majesty's council, who died in 
1761, married, about the year 1720, 
Mehitable, one of the four daughters 
of Robert Cutt (2d) of Kittery. ~ The 
other three sisters were married: 
Mary to William Whipple, senior, 
"malster, " seaman, and afterwards 
farmer; Catharine to John Moffat, 
merchant, and Elizabeth to Rev. 
Joseph Whipple of Hampton Falls. 

Hon. Jotham Odiorne resided on 
Market Square where now stand 
the First National and Portsmouth 
Savings bank buildings. 

"Among the daughters of Jotham 
Odiorne was Miss Mehitable, who 
bore her mother's name, and was the 
pride of the family. Among the 
suitors, in cocked hats, small clothes 
and ruffles, William Whipple (her 
cousin) received her especial favor. 
In due time the wedding was arranged, 
and one joyous evening there was a 
special illumination of these premises. 
The Rev. Samuel Langdon, in his 
flowing wig, might have been seen 
entering the house, and two shiny- 
faced negro boys, Prince and Cuflee, 
busy in attendance. The parlor fire- 
place was dressed with fresh spruce, 
bouquets ornamented the mantle, and 
the white scoured floor was freely 
sanded. The father, mother and 
children were gathered, the bride 
with her maids, and the groom with 
his attendants were all arranged, 
when the chief personage of the occa- 
sion suddenly leaves the circle for 
another room. 

"After waiting nearly half an hour, 
a message is received by the anxious 
bridegroom. He goes to another 

room and there finds his lady divested 
of her wedding suit, and in her com- 
mon dress. She told him she had 
come to the conclusion not to be 
married that evening! He pleads, 
but in vain: he remonstrates, but 
with no effect, — the wedding, she 
said, must be delayed to some other 

" ' We must be married now or 
never,' was his decisive reply. It 
was unavailing— so, with a determi- 
nation no less heartfelt than that of 
some years after [when] placing his 
name to the immortal Declaration, he 
here declared his personal indepen- 
dence, retired from the scene, and 
never after made a call upon his 
cousin Mehitable. 

"She was afterwards married to 
William E. Treadwell, who was the 
father, of Robert O. Treadwell." 
(Rambles about Portsmouth, I, 149- 
151.) Strange irony of fate that 
today Dr. Robert O. Treadwell of 
Portsmouth, namesake and descend- 
ant of her son, looks from the front 
windows of his house directly upon 
the Whipple School, so named in 
honor of the rejected lover . of his 
great-grandmother ! 

"Mr. Whipple was possessed of a 
strong mind, and quick discernment: 
he was easy in his manners, courteous 
in his deportment, correct in his 
habits, and constant in his friendships. 
He enjoyed through life a great share 
of the public confidence, and although 
his early education was limited, his 
natural good sense, and accurate 
observations, enabled him to dis- 
charge the duties of the several offices 
with which he was intrusted, with 
credit to himself and benefit to the 
public. In the various scenes of life 
in which he engaged, he constantly 
manifested an honest and persevering 
spirit of emulation, which conducted 
him with rapid strides to distinction. 
As a sailor he speedily attained the 
highest rank in the profession; as a 
merchant, he was circumspect and 
industrious: as a congressman, he was 
firm and fearless; as a legislator, he 
was honest and able; as a commander, 

A Summer Shower 


he was cool and x courageous: as a 
judge, he was dignified and impartial; 
and as a member of many subordinate 
public offices, he was alert and per- 
severing. Few men rose more rap- 
idly and worthily in the scale of 
society, or bore their new honors 
with more modesty and propriety.'" 
One hundred and thirty-one years 
have passed since William Whipple, 
Josiah Bartlett and Matthew Thorn- 
ton pledged their lives, their fortunes 
and their sacred honor, in behalf of 
our national liberty and freedom; 

but while love of country and the 
flag shall be cherished ainong us, let 
us trust that we shall keep their 
memory green, and on each recurring- 
Fourth of July that the New Hamp- 
shire Society, Sons of the American 
Revolution, will by its duly author- 
ized representatives garland their 
graves with, flowers in perpetual 
memory of the fact that by their 
hands the people of New Hampshire 
signed, and through them claim a 
share in the glory of the Declaration 
of Independence ! 


By Hannah B. Merriam 

For days the sun with burning heat 
Has held both air and sky, 

The grass is parched beneath our feet. 
The roads are white and dry; 


The dusty trees with drooping leaf 
Seem bowed as if in prayer; 

The fields are heavy with a grief 
Greater than they can bear. 

But now, along the western sky 

Are signs of coming rain, 
The cattle in the pool near by 

Are waiting not in vain. 

The thirsty earth shall drink at will, 
Each tree hold up its head, 

The fields of joy shah have their fill, 
The lilies in their bed. 

On wings of light the clouds seem sped, 
The} r blind us with their flash; 

The thunder's roll and boom o'erhead 
Is deafening in its crash. 

From hidden bows, arrows of fire 
Dart swift a down the sky, 

When lo! The fruit of our desire 
Comes pouring from on high. 


By Cyrus A. Stone 

Hands across the silent sea 

Beckoning from the other shore, 
Hands whose faithful ministry 

We had known in years before; 
Pure white hands so good and true, 

Swift for every kindly deed, 
Doing all that love could do 

In the time of greatest need. 

Hands at length all weary grown, 

Sinking to their needed rest, 
Hands whose thrill of life had flown 

Folded on a pulseless breast. 
Tenderly we now recall, 

Though the years their tale have told, 
How the bitter tears did fall 

When those hands grew pale and cold. 

Hands from every burden free 

That so lovingly they bore, 
Fading o'er the silent sea, 

Beckoning from the farther shore. 
Guiding, clasping, clinging hands, 

When the dream of life is past, 
Over on the shining sands 

They will greet my soul at last. 

(To Miss Geraldine Bowman) 

By Moses Gage Shirley 

Little maid of Sunapee 
With your young heart fancy free, 
And the sunshine in your eyes 
Smiling like the summer skies, 

Lovely as a poet's dream 
Is your life fair Geraldine, 
Full of many happy hours 
Singing birds and blooming flowers. 

As your feet Life's pathway press 
May you go with thankfulness, 
And the pathway make more sweet 
Where must journey other feet. 

Little maid of Sunapee 
May your skies unclouded be, 
And wherever you may go 
May Love's fairest roses blow. 



L. IL J. Frost 

A poor man knelt at close of day 
An earnest, heart-felt prayer to say; 
With head bowed low by weight- of sin, 
Thus did his humble praver begin: 
"O Father! May I call Thee so? 
Thou knowest all my weight of woe; 
My wicked soul by thee is seen, 
I can but cry 'unclean, unclean!' 

"A vile, unworthy slave of sin, 

For many a weary year I've been; 

I've scorned Thy word, Thy name blasphemed, 

Thine holy day I've not esteemed. 

I hardly dare to Thee to pray, 

Lest Thou shouldst cast my prayer away, 

And when I meet Thee face to face, 

Refuse my soul in heaven a place. 

"Christ Jesus died, I've heard men tell, 
To save poor sinful souls from hell; 
Do Thou for His sake pity me, 
And from defilement set me free. 
Thou knowest I am left alone 
Within this desolated home; 
My patient wife and children three 
Have gone to heaven to live with Thee. 

"I'm wretched, starving, sick and old, 
Covered with rags, dying of cold; 
Pity, O God! my aching brain, 
Stung by remorse and filled with pain; 
On earth I would no longer stay; 
I pray Thee let me die today. 
I dare not hope to enter heaven, 
I only beg to be forgiven." 

1 A pitying angel passing by 

Saw the lone man lay down to die; 
And gathering up the sinner's prayer, 
He bore it up the golden stair 
And laid it at the Saviour's feet, 
When, lo! it changed to incense sweet. 
- The dear Lord said, — "He is forgiven." 
And thus the inebriate's soul was shriven. 

r/. &* -> 



Among the ablest and most noted of 
New Hampshire women, Mary A. Danforth, 
born in Colebrook in March, 1SG7, who died 
at her home in that town, Sunday, May 28, 
has held prominent rank for some years past. 

Miss Danforth was educated at Colebrook 
Academy and the Xew Hampshire Confer- 
ence Seminary at Tilton, graduating from 
the latter in ISS-l, at the age of seventeen. 
She was gifted with rare talent as a writer 
and speaker, and was frequently heard in 
Methodist pulpits, with which denomination 
she was actively connected, before she was 
twenty-one, having devoted the four years 
following graduation to earnest study at home, 
meanwhile preaching and lecturing to con- 
siderable extent. In the fall of 1SSS she went 
as a missionary to Japan, spending five 
years among the people of the "Island 
Empire," them just fairly awakened to the 
spirit of progress and open to the influence 
of Christian civilization. She did great work 
among the Japanese, establishing the ladies' 
seminary at Nagoya, and teaching with emi- 
nent success, Since her return home she 
hael traveled and lectured extensively in 
this country, serving efficiently as field sec- 
retary of the Methodist Foreign Missionary 
Society. She was a woman of fine address 
and most engaging manner, admired wherever 
she went and greatly beloved by a wide 
circle of friends. 


Hon. George Runels. formerly mayor of 
Lowell, Mass., died at his home in that city 
June 5, 191L 

Mr. Runels was a native of the town of 
Warner in this state, born February 3, 1823. 
He was educated in the common schools 
and at New London Academy. In 1S23 he 
went to Lowell anel engaged in stone cutting. 
Later he shipped on a whaling vessel from 
Salem, for a long voyage, and eighteen months 
after was shipwrecked in the Fiji Islands, 
but was ultimately picked up by a vessel 
and carried to New/ Zealand. Here he 
remained three months, assisting in the 
construction of a wharf and then shipped 
on another whaler on which he remained a 
year leaving at Munila, returning home by 
Canton, Singapore, Calcutta and Boston. 

In 1845 he returned to Lowell and engaged 
in stone cutting, becoming a large contractor. 
He furnished stone for the custom house 
and man}* other large buildings in Bostem. 
He was active in public life in the city as a 
Republican, serving in both branches of the 
city government, and as mayor in 1882, 
declining a reelection to the "latter office. 
He was a member of the commission that 
erected the Lowell city hall and memorial 

building He is survived by a widow and 
two sons — Charles and Henry -both prom- 
inent business men of Lowell. 


Hon. Henry Bacon Lovering, once prom- 
inent in Democratic political circles in Massa- 
chusetts anel the country, elied at the residence 
of his son in Wakefield, Mass.. April 5, 1911, 
after an illness of several weeks. 

Mr. Lovering was a native of Portsmouth, 
N. H.. born April 8, 1841. He learned the 
shoe manufacturing business, anel was long 
engaged in the same in the city of Lynn, 
where he also took an active part in politics. 
He was a member of the Massachusetts 
legislature in 1S72, a member of the Lynn 
board of assessors in 1S79 and 18S0, and 
mayor of the city in 1SS1-S2. In 1SS2 he was 
elected to "Congress from his district and 
reelecteel in 1SS4. In 18SS he was made 
Uniteel States Marshal for Massachusetts 
by President Cleveland, which position he 
surrenelered when the Republicans returned 
to power, anel was later, for some years, 
warden of the Massachusetts state p>rison. 

He was a gallant soldier and officer in the 
Union army in the Civil War serving until 
after the battle of Winchester, September 19, 
1S64, in which engagement he lost a leg. 
He was a former president of the Third 
Massachusetts Cavalr}' Association and was 
prominent in Lynn Pythian circles. He is 
survived by two sons. His wife was Abby 
J. Clifford, daughter of Harrison Clifford of 


Col. Ormond F. Nims, who commanded 
the famous "Nuns' flying battery'' in the 
Civil War, died at his home, 42 Blossom street, 
Boston, May 23, 1911, at the age of 91 years. 

Colonel Nims was a native of the town of 
Sullivan in Cheshire County, removing to 
Boston when twenty-three years of age. 
He was a descendant on the maternal 
side of Col. Solomon White of Uxbridge, 
Mass., who served seven years in the Revolu- 
tion and also commandeel the regiment that 
suppressed ''Shay's rebellion'' at Worcester. 

On going to Boston young Nims joined 
the National Lancers. Several years later 
he enlisted in a new battery formed under 
command of Capt. Moses C. Cobb and was 
made first sergeant on the night of his enlist- 
ment. In 1859 he rose to the command of 
this battery and resigned in 1800. 

Upon the advent of the Civil War Nims 
aided Captain Cobb in raising a battery. 
Cobb left his command very abruptly and 
Governor Andrew gave Nims charge. The 
command left Boston for the South August 8, 
1881, "in as good condition and as well drilled 
as Sherman's/' then the crack battery of the 

New II a >npshise Necrdlogy 


nation, according to the official report of 
an inspector made rb General MeCleli&ii. 

Tlie battery went to Fort Monroe, and later 
was assigned to the department of the gulf 
and the Mississippi, where it did such gallant 
work everywhere as to call for the highest 
encomiums from several commanding generals, 
it being almost invariably referred to as 
"Nuns' battery." 

After the return of peace, the attention of 
the government was called to Captain Nims' 
service, and the senate, by special enactment, 
raised him to the rank of colonel. 

Colonel Nims never held political office. 
He was a past commander of Post 7. G. A. R. 
of Boston, and a member of the Loyal Legion. 

His business for more than half a century 
was that of a retail druggist, his store being 
at 34 Cambridge street. He retired only a 
year ago. 

Colonel Xims is survived by two 'laughters, 
Mrs. Carrie W. Knowles and Mrs. James 


Mark Bailey, many years professor of 
elocution at Yale College, died at his home 
in New Haven, June 3, 1911. 

Professor Bailey was a native of Dunbarton, 
son of Capt. Oliver Bailey, born May 20, 
1S27. He fitted for college at the academies 
in Pembroke, X. H., and Danville, Yt., and 
graduated from Dartmouth in the class of 
1849. He studied elocution with Prof. 
William Russell, taught the same for some 
time at the South, and in ISoo was made 
instructor in elocution at Yale where he 
continued till 1905, subsequently having 
been made professor. He was regarded as 
a thorough master of the oratorical art, and 
had the distinction of coaching Abraham 
Lincoln in that line, traveling with him during 
the Lincoln-Douglas debate. He also for 
a time held the position of professor of 
elocution at Dartmouth. 

Professor Bailey married Lucy B. Ward 
of North Brookfield, Mass., September 29, 
1853. He leaves a son and daughter. 


Dr. Morris Christie of Antrim, one of 
the best known physicians of Southern New- 
Hampshire, died at the State Hospital in 
Concord, June 4, 1911. 

He was born in Antrim August 29, 1S22, 
son of Josiah and Mary B. Christie. He 
graduated from the medical department of 
the University of New York, in 1859. Fie 
was on the "faculty of Charity Hospital 
in that city for one year, and in I860 com- 
menced practice in Antrim where he con- 
tinued through life, establishing a large and 
lucrative practice. 

-Doctor Christie married, July 22. 1863, 
Susan Hill of Johnson, Yt., who survives him. 
Several years ago his health began to fail 
and he was obliged to retire from active 

practice. For many years he was trustee 
of the Now Hampshire state hospital and 
served for some time on the Antrim board 
of education. He was an attendant at the 
First Presbyterian church at Antrim, and 
for many years one of the trustees of the 


Hon. Charles P. Berry, former mayor of 
Portsmouth, died at his summer home in 
Wolfehoro, June 30, 1911. 

Lie was a native of Lvnn, Mass., a son of 
John W. Berry, born October 16, 1840. the 
late Judge John W. Berry of Lynn being 
his brother. Early in life he went in a shoe 
factory and learned the business, soon becom- 
ing superintendent of a large manufactory 
in Lynn. Later he was for some time vice- 
president and general manager of the Davis 
Shoe Company. 

In 1885 he was associated with the Hon. 
Frank Jones in the organization of the 
Portsmouth Shoe Company, which did an 
immense business for many years under his 

He was a member of the board of aldermen 
in Lynn two years, and also in Portsmouth 
for a similar term; was a representative in 
the New Hampshire legislature in 1891 and 
mayor of Portsmouth in 1893-94. He was 
a Mason and Odd Fellow. 

He had been twice married, his first wife 
being Miss Sarah M. Bradley of Lynn. 
Twelve years after her death he married 
Miss Annie L. Church of Portsmouth, June 
1, 1892. She survives together with one 
son, Frank Jones Berry. 


William L. Whittemore, long a prominent 
educator in southern New Hampshire, died 
at his home in the town of Milford, July 2, 
1911, at the age of eighty-seven years. 

He was a native of the town of Francestown, 
born August 21, 1824, the fourth son of 
Aaron and Betsey (Weston) Whittemore, 
late of Lyndeboro. His great-grandfather 
Daniel Whittemore of Salem, Mass., was the 
first settler in that part of Lyndeboro which 
lies north of the mountains. His grand- 
father, Aaron Whittemore, at the age of 
twenty years fought at the battle of Benning- 
ton in "Capt. Peter Stark's brigade. Mr. 
Whittemore began his education in the public 
schools of Lyndeboro. When he thought he 
had outgrown the common district school 
he entered Francestown academy, where he 
remained for several years. Intending to 
make teaching his permanent work he next 
visited several colleges and all the normal 
schools in Massachusetts in or-der to deter- 
mine where he could best qualify himself 
for a teacher. After considering the matter 
carefully, he concluded that Prof. William 
Russell's normal institute was the best place 
to continue his studies. He soon entered 


The Granite Monthly 

upon a course designed to prepare teachers 
for high schools. Thiseourse was completed 
in about three years, lie next took a special 
course in several branches at Amherst college. 
Still later he entered the scientific department 
of Harvard university and completed the two 
years course in 1845. 

He began to teach in 1844, in the '"little 
red schoolhouse" where he first attended, 
and continued teaching for five years in 
Lyndeboro, Greenfield and New Boston. 
Later he taught in various high and normal 
schools in New Hampshire and Massachu- 
setts, and also conducted a preparatory 
school in Boston for some time, ultimately 
going to Milford, where he taught for many 
years. His pupils are numbered in the 
thousands and they include today some of 
the leading lawyers, business men and states- 
men in New England. Professor Whit tern ore 
never married and left few relatives. Ex- 
Attorney General A. E. Pillsbury of Boston 
was one of his pupils, and delivered a touching 
eulogy at his funeral in the Unitarian church 
in Milford July 5, which was attended by 
Benevolent Lodge of Masons, 


Wilbur F. Smith, a prominent citizen of 
Lebanon, died at his home in that town June 4. 

He was a native of Enfield, son of Daniel 
L. and Sophronia (Eastman) Smith, born 
September 27, 1844. He was educated in 
the public schools and at Newbury, Vt., sem- 
inary, and engaged in farming on the family 
homestead in Enfield till 1890, when he 
removed to Lebanon. He had served as 
supervisor, selectman and member of the 
school board in Enfield. After his removal 
to Lebanon he was county commissioner 
for several years, and later register of deeds 
for Grafton County, and was serving his 
fifth term as town clerk of Lebanon at the 
time of his death. 

He was a Democrat in politics, an active 
member of the Methodist church, a thirty- 
second degree Mason and Knight Templar. 
He married in 1S6G, Miss Marie Antoinette 
Sargent of Claremont, who died in 1902, 
leaving three sons. In 1907 he married Miss 
Katherine Rossiter of Windsor, Yt., who 
survives, as do the three sons. 


The very -general complaint about the 
unsatisfactory condition of the highways in 
which the newspapers and the traveling pub- 
he have indulged for some time past — especial 
reference being had to the ocean boulevard, 
the trunk lines so-called, and the moun- 
tain roads controlled by the state— and the 
blame that has been put upon the Governor 
and Council therefor, have resulted in the 
emplo}7nent of a federal government expert, 
in the person of Charles N. Hoyt, superin- 
tendent of road construction, ILS. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, who is spending a week 
with the Governor and Council in as careful 
an examination of the state highway system 
as can be made in the time allowed, with a 
view to the recommendation and adoption of 
some more practical plan of construction and 
management than has heretofore been in 
operation. That some good may come of 
this ex-pert examination and the recommen- 
dations that may follow, is not to be doubted, 
but the one thing for which New Hampshire 
and every other state in the Union has a right 

to look to the Federal Government is material 
aid in the work of highway improvement. 
Fifty million dollars, at least, of the amount 
annually squandered in army and navy 
maintenance should go, instead, into the work 
of permanent road construction throughout 
the country. "Fewer battleships and more 
good roads," should be a national rallying cry. 

The most elaborate and extensive "Old 
Home Day'' observance in the state this 
year mil be that in the town of Newport, in 
connection with the celebration of the 150th 
anniversary of the chartering of the town, 
which is to come off on Monday, Tuesday and 
Wednesday, August 14, 15 and 16. There is 
no town in all New England that has con- 
tributed more in proportion to its population 
to the material, intellectual and moral devel- 
opment and progress of the nation than the 
town of Newport in the County of Sullivan, 
and its people may well take pride in the 
record of its achievement. 

I : VOL. 
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XU!I. No«. 8 Rrsd 9 AUGUST ~SEPT EMBER, t«U New Swiet. Vol, VI, N«. ft ««! 9 




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A New Hampshire Magazine 

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II De*- 

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'oted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress 


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Issued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF, Editor and Manager 

TERMS: $1.00 per annum, in advance; $i.$0 if not paid in advance. Single copies/ 15. cents 

CONCORD, N. H., 1S11 

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The Granite Monthly 


Vol. XLIII, No. 8 

ATJG.-SEPT., 1911 New Series, Vol. 6, No. 8 



Jud^e David Cross 

By II, C. Pearson 

The class which graduated in June, 
1911, from Dartmouth College was 
the largest in the history of t hat- 
institution; but another unique dis- 
tinction of which it was even more 
proud, was that of including in its 
membership the oldest living graduate 
of the college. 

Judge David Cross of Manchester, 
of the class of 1841, was elected 
unanimously and enthusiastically an 
honorary member of the class of 1911. 
A similar distinction he had received 
at the hands of the class of 1880; 
and in recent years from the class 
of 1904 and most of its successors; 
on each occasion entering into the 
various exercises of Commencement 
Week with a zest as genuine as that 
of the youngest graduate. 

And Judge Cross was born Julv 5, 

So say the official records of the 
town of Weare, New Hampshire, and 
so we must believe; but it was very 
difficult for those in attendance upon 
the Dartmouth Commencement exer- 
cises to give credence to the state- 
ment that one so active and alert, 
both physically and mentally, one 
who showed himself in public so 
strong and clear in thought and 
speech, would in a few days celebrate 
the 94th anniversary of his birth. 

A visitor to Hanover from the 
West on this occasion, to whom the 

writer spoke briefly of Judge Cross's 
life and works, said with conviction: 
"I have thought the phrase, 'grand 
old man/ had been considerably 
overworked since the days of William 
E. Gladstone, but here is a case- 
in which it perfectly and properly 

In this opinion all connected with 
Dartmouth College, its officers and 
faculty, its alumni and undergrad- 
uates, heartily concur, and it has 
become with them a pleasant custom 
to pay due honor on all occasions 
to their oldest graduate. No alumni 
dinner or " Dartmouth Night" is 
considered complete without his pres- 
ence and participation, and it does 
one's heart good to hear the college 
cheer ring out as he rises to speak. 

And Judge Cross, on his part, 
thoroughly enjoys these occasions. 

One in which he took part with 
peculiar pleasure and particular pride 
was on September 24 and 25, 1901, 
in the exercises at Hanover, com- 
memorating the one hundredth anni- 
versary of the graduation of Daniel 
Webster from Dartmouth College. 

On this occasion Judge Cross spoke 
twice, once on Wednesday afternoon 
during the reminiscent exercises held 
in the "Old Chapel" and again at 
the formal banquet in the evening 
at College Hall, his fellow speakers 
on the latter occasion being Chief 


The Gran He Monthly 

Justice Melville W. Fuller of the 
United States Supreme Court. United 
States Senator George Frisbie Hoar 
of Massachusetts, Rev. Dr. Edward 
Everett Hale, Hon. William Everett, 
Professor Francis Brown. Edwin Web- 
ster Sanborn, Esq., and the Governor 
of New Hampshire, Hon. Chester B. 

Other addresses during the cele- 
bration were made by Congressman 
Samuel W. MeCall of Massachusetts, 
former Governor Frank Black of 
New York, and Professors Charles 
F. Richardson and John K. Lord. 

Judge Cross's formal speech at the 
banquet referred to was a most inter- 
esting consideration of Webster at 
the New Hampshire bar, his training 
there for the great deeds that were 
to follow. At his more informal 
remarks of the afternoon Judge Cross 
spoke briefly of the various occasions 
on which he himself had heard Web- 
ster speak — at a Whig political 
gathering in Orford in 1840, while 
Judge Cross was still a student in 
college; later in court in Boston 
and in Manchester; in the senate of 
the United States; and on the com- 
pletion of the Bunker Hill Monument. 

Another distinguished son of Dart- 
mouth's early days, with whom Judge 
Cross was acquainted and whose 
eloquence he considered even more 
marvellous than that of Webster was 
Rufus Choate. 

And in this connection it may be 
said that the list of great men whom 
Judge Cross has known and con- 
cerning whom he has a rich store of 
anecdote and reminiscence is almost 
beyond belief. 

David Cross, the subject of this 
sketch, w r as the son of another David 
Cross who was a cloth-dresser, wool- 
carder and farmer in the good old 
town of Weare, Hillsborough County, 
and who married Olive, daughter of 
Thomas Kimball of Pembroke, New 

On his father's side Judge Cross 
traces back his ancestry to Robert 
Cross, of Ipswich, Massachusetts, in 
1637; and on his mother's side to 

Richard Kimball, of the same colonial 
community at about the same time. 
P>om long lines of New England 
forbears, therefore, comes the physical 
and intellectual stamina which Judge 
Cross so remarkably displays. 

The younger David from the town 
schools went for college prepara- 
tory work to the academy at Hop kin- 
ton, New Hampshire, and to Phillips 
Academy, Andover, Mass. 

As has been said, he graduated 
from Dartmouth in the class of 1S41 
and fifty years later, on the occasion 
of the semi-centennial of his class 
in 1891, his alma mater bestowed 
upon him the honorary degree of 
Doctor of Laws. 

The class of 1S-41 was a large one 
for that period in Dartmouth's his- 
tory, graduating seventy-eight men; 
and was a notable one, including, 
besides Judge Cross, such men as 
Gardner Green Hubbard, Dr. J. P. 
Bancroft, Professors Henry E. Parker 
and Thomas R. Crosby of Dartmouth 
and John Wyman Jones, Esq.. lawyer 
and capitalist of New York City, who 
gave the college, as a memorial to the 
class of 1841, the magnificent bronze 
doors of Webster Hall. 

Chief Justice Aiken of the superior 
court of Massachusetts well phrased 
the regard which all Dartmouth men 
have for Judge Cross when, in sending 
him a cop}' of a privately printed 
monograph upon that picturesque 
character in Dartmouth's early his- 
torv, John Led yard, he inscribed it 
to : ' David Cross, LL.D., of the class 
of 1841; still drinking at youth's 
fountain; illumined by the glories 
of the Old and New Dartmouth; 
welcome member of everv living 

One of the most active alumni of 
the college, Hon. Melvin O. Adams, 
71, of Boston, writes: "The oldest 
living graduate of Dartmouth is at 
the same time the youngest of the 
young in college spirit. That David 
Cross w r as born July 5, 1817, and that 
he is now in his 95th year, are beyond 
dispute. When his mother was rock- 
ing her baby in his cradle at Weare, 

Judge David Cross 


Daniel Webster ha3 just won the 
cause of the college. 

"It seems amazing that when all of 
us take him by the hand, we may 
think with truth that he also has 
grasped the hand of the oldest grad- 
uate of the first class who lived until 
his freshman year. 

"But the marvel about David 
Cross is his persistent youth and the 
magnetic quality of his voice and 
presence which year after year cap- 
ture incoming classes and make him 
not merely the hero of an evening 
such as Dartmouth Night, but he be- 
comes the honorary member of their 
class organizations, and like the rest, 
a recipient at graduation, of class 

"If he sounds the note of honor and 
purity and mutual helpfulness in his 
talks to the fellows, it is always with 
the smile of love and comradeship — 
such a comradeship as still shouts over 
a football victory or is depressed into 
silence by a baleful bulletin. 

''Thus do we brew the Dartmouth 
spirit! What wonder that we love to 
quaff long and deep!" 

Following his graduation from Dart- 
mouth Judge Cross applied himself 
at once to further and special study 
for his chosen profession, that of the 
law. These studies he prosecuted 
in the offices of Willard & Raymond 
in Troy, X. Y., Sidney Bartlett in 
Boston, Daniel Clark in Manchester, 
all famous lawyers of their day, and 
at the Harvard law school. 

To the published history of this 
school Judge Cross has contributed 
an intensely interesting chapter de- 
scriptive of the days when he stud- 
ied there in 1842-4.3, the methods 
of instruction, etc., and including an 
account of the attendance by the 
students upon the exercises at the 
dedication of Bunker Hill Monument. 
He is first vice-president of the 
Harvard Law School Alumni Asso- 
ciation, whose board of officers 
includes some of the most distin- 
guished names in the legal profession 
in America. 

He was admitted to the New Hamp- 

shire bar in 1841 and since that date 
lias actively and continuously practiced 
his profession in this state, a record 
without parallel in the history of the 
bar of state and nation. 

There were great lawyers in the 
circle to which Judge Cross was 
admitted in his youth, President 
Franklin Pierce, Charles G. Atherton, 
George W. Morrison, George and 
Aaron Sawyer, Mark Farley and Ira 
Perley heading the brilliant company. 
They passed on and another genera- 
tion came to take their places, Aaron 
F. Stevens, Bainbridge Wadleigh, 
Samuel X. Bell, John H. George, 
Gilman Marston. John S. H. Frink 
and many others. They, too. are 

Only one or two of the present 
leaders of the New Hampshire bar 
had been born on the day when David 
Cross passed his examination; and 
now there is coming on the stage 
and fast achieving prominence the 
fourth generation of lawyers with 
whom he has been associated and 
by whom he has been esteemed and 
revered. Particularly to the youthful 
student and practitioner of the law 
has he been a friend and helper, so 
that affection is widely mingled with 
the veneration with which he is 
regarded by bench and bar. 

Closely connected with him as 
partners or students have been such 
men as the late Ira Eastman, judge 
of the supreme court, United States 
Senator Henry E. Burnham, Hon. E. 
M. Topliff, Hon. D. Arthur Taggart, 
Hon. Edwin F. Jones, and Hon. 
Sherman L. Whipple, of Boston. 

Of late Judge Cross has confined 
his practice to office work, but for 
more than three-score years he was 
active and constant in his appearance 
in all our courts, trying and arguing 
a wide variety of cases with a success 
which is a matter of official record 
as well as of general knowledge. And 
this success came to him equally as 
an advocate before a jury or as an 
expounder of the law before the 
supreme bench. 

Sound and thorough in his knowl- 


The Granite Monthly 

edge of the fundamentals of our legal 
practice, from whose source, indeed, 
his own beginnings in the law were 
not so very far distant, he has followed 
the amplification of our laws, the 
establishing of precedents, the devel- 
opment of jurisprudence with a keen 
and intelligent interest which has 
always kept him in the very van of 
his profession. 

His clients have ranged as widely 
as his interests, but many of them 
have been corporations, and perhaps 
the most notable feature of his legal 
career has been his connection for 
almost forty years with the Amoskeag 
Manufacturing Company of Manches- 
ter, New Hampshire's greatest cor- 
poration, as its general counsel. 

His honorable position as the nestor 
of the New Hampshire bar has been 
recognized by his associates in making 
him the first president of the Southern 
New Hampshire Bar Association and 
in keeping him for more than a 
quarter of a century at the head of 
the Hillsborough County Bar Asso- 

His address as president of the 
Southern New Hampshire Bar Asso- 
ciation in 1892, which has been 
preserved by publication, was a 
valuable presentation of changes in 
the law from the beginning of his 
practice down to the time of the 
address, and a like review of the 
standards of the profession. 

In 1900 by invitation of the state 
bar association Judge Cross prepared 
and delivered before it an address on 
Franklin Pierce as a lawyer; a subject 
with which he was peculiarly fitted 
to deal because in the trial of his first 
case he was assisted by the future 
General and President Pierce. 

Previously, in 1899/ Judge Cross 
had addressed the same state associa- 
tion on the system of selecting jurors 
in this and other states, a subject in 
which he had had wide experience 
and to which he had given much 
study, thought and investigation. 
So much impressed was the associa- 
tion with his views and their presenta- 
tion that a vote was passed requesting 

him to repeat his address before 
the appropriate legislative committee, 
which he did. 

Another important address by 
Judge Cross before a legislative com- 
mittee, reported in full in the Man- 
chester Mirror of July 18, 1878, dealt 
with the question of the taxation of 
corporations, which he had fully 
investigated as counsel for the Man- 
chester' Mills. 

In fact an important feature of 
Judge Cross's practice has been his 
appearance before the legislature and 
its committees upon matters of large 
concern to the state and to his various 
clients. Long years ago, before the 
Boston & Maine railroad had begun 
its career of consolidation, Judge 
Cross was its legislative counsel and 
attended several sessions in its inter- 
ests. Later he was for a long time 
counsel for the Concord railroad, 
appearing for it at the state house 
and attending and taking a prominent 
part in its annual meetings. 

In the famous "railroad session" 
of the legislature of 1887 Judge Cross 
was a prominent figure and to him fell 
the distinction of making the closing 
argument before the railroad com- 
mittee in behalf of the Atherton bill, 
for the consolidation of the Concord 
and Boston & Maine Railroads. 

Another important railroad matter 
of which he had the charge before the 
legislature was the , securing of a 
charter for a road from Laconia to 
Dover. He was a grantee and direc- 
tor of the New Hampshire Central 
Railroad in 1 S49 and was active in 
beginning its building. 

Another chief branch of Judge 
Cross's law practice has had to do 
with the^iwtl corporations of the 
city of Manchester, largely in con- 
nection with questions of taxation. 
In their interest he carried on and 
won important suits for tax abate- 
ments, thus saving large sums of 
money for his clients. It is safe to 
say that he has had as much to do 
with legal questions as to taxation, 
tax titles, tax abatements, etc., as any 
other lawyer in New Hampshire. 

J ad ae David Cross 



From the beginning of his legal 
career Judge Cross has very often been 
the counsel of various towns in his 
section of the state, Weare, Goffs- 
town, Deering and others, in matters 
of highway damage, lay-outs, flowage, 

Another very large part of his law 
practice has had to do with the con- 
struction of wills and the settlement 
and distribution of estates, both in 
office consultation and in probate 
court practice. 

In fact there is but one branch of 
his profession in which he has not 
had a large and successful experience. 
That one branch is criminal practice. 
Judge Cross never has defended but 
one criminal and while he secured an 
acquittal in that case he never has 
felt any desire to engage largely in 
this class of practice. 

To his profession as a whole, how- 
ever. Judge Cross has always been 
sincerely devoted. While public af- 
fairs have made great demands 
upon him and his private interests 
have been considerable, the law has 
stood first in his mind and heart and 
to it he has given the best that was 
in him. 

The participation of Judge Cross, 
however, in the public affairs of 
his city, county and state has been 
very extensive, and marked, as in 
the case of his professional careei, 
by absolute integrity and genuine 
public spirit. 

When Manchester became a city 
in 1846 he was chosen a member of 
the first common council, the only 
member who now survives, and the 
interest in municipal affairs which 
then he manifested has continued 
ever since. 

He served Manchester well, also, 
in the state house of representatives 
of which he was a member in 1848, 
1849, 1856, 1870 and 1877, serving 
on important committees and taking 
a prominent part in the debates and 
general work of the various sessions. 

Judge Cross began his political life 
as a Whig, casting his first vote for 
William Henry Harrison. The man- 

agers of the party saw in him a man 
of future prominence and soon called 
him into service. In the campaign 
of 1852 the national committee sent 
him into New Jersey and Pennsyl- 
vania as a stump speaker. 

Becoming one of the founders of 
the Republican party Judge Cross 
took an ardent part in the Fremont 
campaign and his eye still lights at 
the thought of the enthusiasm of 
those days. Subsequent campaigns, 
particularly those resulting in the 
elections of Lincoln and Grant to the 
presidency, found him active in the 
discussion of the great questions of 
the day. 

His legislative services have not 
been Judge Cross's only appearances 
under the dome of the state capitol. 
In 1889 and again in 1902 he was a 
prominent and influential member of 
conventions to propose to the people 
amendments to the constitution of 
of the state. At the latter conven- 
tion he was made chairman of the 
committee on legislative department 
before which came the very important 
questions relating to representation. 

At the close of this convention 
Judge Cross gave an address, elo- 
quent, inspiring and affecting, which 
will never fade from the memories 
of those who heard it, and which he, 
doubtless, considered his valedictory 
in public life. But such was not to 
be the case. When, in the fall of 
1910, the additions were completed 
to the state house which made of it 
a virtually new capitol and plans were 
making for the dedication ceremonies, 
it was one of the first thoughts of 
Governor Henry B. Quinby that one 
of the chief addresses of the occasion 
should be made by Judge Cross if he 
were able to take part. 

The invitation to that effect was 
promptly accepted and in the same 
hall where he had made his maiden 
speech as a legislator more than three- 
score years before, Judge Cross 
achieved on this historic occasion a 
veritable triumph of oratory. 

Judge Cross's legislative honors, 
however, form but a small part of the 


The Granite Monthly 

laurels that he ha* gained from public 
life. Early in his legal career, in 
1852 and 1S53, he was solicitor of the 
city of Manchester. From 1856 to 
1S74 he was judge of probate of the 
county of Hillsborough, thus acquir- 
ing the title by which he is generally 
known. And from 1S65 to 1ST 2 he- 
was Inked States pension agent. 

He was a delegate to that Republi- 
can National Convention at Baltimore, 
Maryland, in 1S64, which nominated 
Abraham Lincoln a second time for the 

The high reputation for integrity 
and wisdom of Judge Cross have made 
his name a desirable asset for banking 
and other corporations. He was one 
of the directors of the Merrimack 
River State Bank from 1S55 to 1865; 
and was vice-president and director 
of its successor, the First National 
Bank of Manchester, until 1898, when 
he became president. Also he has 
been one of the trustees, vice-presi- 
dent and counsel of the Merrimack 
River Savings Bank from its organi- 
zation to the present time. 

Since 1899 he has been president of 
the New Hampshire Bible Society, 
that institution of which our state is 
justly proud, of which John Langdon 
was the first president and which has 
had but eight presidents in its more 
than a century of great usefulness. 

Judge Cross married, October 7, 
1858. Anna Quackenbush Eastman, 
daughter of Hon. and Mrs. Ira Allen 
Eastman. Judge Eastman, who grad- 
uated at Dartmouth and for twenty- 
one years was a trustee of the college 
and received from it the degree of 
Doctor of Laws, was a member of 
Congress from this state for two 
terms, and a judge of our highest 
court for many years. 

Judge Cross says that in his oral 
and written speech he has been 
greatly assisted by the kindly criti- 
cisms and suggestions of his wife, 
and that in all his business and 
professional life she has been espe- 
cially helpful and inspiring. 

While devoting her life to her home 
she has at the same time been an 

organizer and officer of the various 
woman's missionary and charitable 
institutions of the city and state. She 
has also been a charter member and 
is now an officer in each of our 
women's patriotic and colonial 

Both Judge and Mrs. Cross have 
long been among the leading members 
and workers of the Franklin Street 
Congregational church in Manchester. 

To them was born, January 22, 
18G0, a son. Clarence, whose death 
in 1881, while a member of the junior 
class at Dartmouth College, was 
widely mourned. Their third son, 
Edward WinsloW Cross, born July 
21, 1875, and a graduate of Amherst 
College, in the class of 1897, died on 
April 23, 1899, while prosecuting his 
studies in the Harvard Law School. 

The second and only surviving son 
of Judge and Mrs. Cross is the Rev. 
Allen Eastman Cross, D.D. Fie grad- 
uated at Amherst college in the class of 
188(3 and studied for the ministry at the 
Andover, Mass., theological seminary. 
From 1891 to 1901 he was the min- 
ister of Congregational churches in 
Cliftondale, Mass., and Springfield, 
Mass., and from 1900 until the present 
year associate minister with Rev. 
George A. Gordon, D. D., at the Old 
South church in Boston. In 1906 
Dartmouth college conferred upon 
him the honorary degree of Doctor 
of Divinity. A few months since he 
resigned his Boston pastorate and at 
this writing is engaged in extensive 
travel and study in the Far East. 
He was married to Miss Ethelyn 
Marshall in 1896 and they have two 
daughters, Louise and Anita. 

This brief outline in plain black 
and white of Judge Cross's career 
gives an idea of its high honor and 
great usefulness, but fails to impart 
an adequate impression of its mar- 
vellous length and breadth. 

Born in the second decade of the 
nineteenth century, his activities 
are extending today into the second 
decade of the twentieth century. 
Born soon after the inauguration of 
President James Monroe had begun 

Our Granite Stale 


the "era of good feeling" he has lived 
under the administration of twenty- 
one other presidents and had prom- 
inent personal part in endorsing the 
policies of the greatest of them 
all, Abraham Lincoln. 

When he received his diploma from 
President Nathan Lord of Dartmouth 
College in 1841 that institution had 
less than 300 undergraduates. Five 
times that many cheered him at 
Hanover in June of 1911 and in other 
respects the growth of the college in 
the seventy years has been even greater. 
When Judge Cross first went to 
Hanover there was not a mile of 
railroad in New Hampshire and his 
trip was made by stage coach. Now 
he comes into the college town in 
his own motor car. 

His home city of Manchester has 

one hundred times the population 
today which it had the first time he 
saw it and. its wealth has increased 
in even greater proportion. His client, 
the Amoskeag .Manufacturing Com- 
pany, has more people on its 
payroll today than there were in the 
city when Judge Cross served it as 
solicitor and in his earlier terms as 

The marvellous panorama of almost 
a hundred years which unrolls in 
Judge Cross's mind as he sits in 
retrospection is, as has been said, 
without present parallel in state or 
nation. And in his review of the 
principal events of the century in New 
Hampshire Judge Cross can use with 
truth the classic phrase, " Quorum 
magna pars fui." 


By George Warren Parker 

You may sing of Scotia's beauty, 
Of her moors and lochs so clear; 

Of the Swiss who died for duty 
And their mounts without a peer; 

You may praise the fiords of Norway 
And her scenery wild and grand 

But when all is said and finished 
.Let me have my native land. 

You may glide on Venice waters 

Or gaze at proud Rome's estate; 
You may roam by Moorish castle 

And Spain's grandeur o'er relate; 
You may tell of Egypt's wonders, 

Of all things surviving fate, 
But there's nothing that for beauty 

Can surpass our Granite State. 

Here are Switzerland's high mountains; 

What of Sunapee's rich grace? 
Can we find in Egypt's wonders 

Aught more grand than the Stone Face? 
All the world's far-famed beauty. 

Go we to the East or West, 
Is for us, if we but see it, 

In New Hampshite we love best. 

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Newport's One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary and " Old 
Home Week" Celebration 

Newport, the prosperous and enter- 
prising shire town of Sullivan County, 
celebrated the one hundred and 
fiftieth anniversary of its charter, 
granted through Gov. Benning Went- 
worth in 1761, in connection with the 
fitting observance of "Old Home 
Week," on August 14, 15 and 16, 1911. 

The movement resulting in the 
celebration originated last autumn 
with the Newport Board of Trade, 
an organization which has done much 
in the last few years to promote the 
welfare of the town. The matter was 
discussed in the board meetings, and 
by the local press, and public senti- 
ment so thoroughly aroused that at 
the annual town meeting in March 
a resolution appropriating $800 in 
furtherance of the celebration was 
adopted without opposition, and a 
committee of twenty-five appointed 
with full power to make all arrange- 
ments and carry out the affair. This 
committee was constituted as follows: 

Olin H. Chase, F. 0. Chellis, Sam. D. 
Lewis, Jesse M. Barton, Ernest A. 
Robinson, Perley A. Johnson, Elmer 
E. Cowen, George H. Parker, Elmer 

E. Dodge, Rut us S. Dudley, Harry W. 
Kendall, William F. Richards, Francis 
P. Murphy, Vincent J. Brennan, Sr., 
George A. Dorr, Henry- Sawyer,- 
Daniel K. Barry, Elisha M, Kempton, 
John B. Cooper, Robert T. Martin, 
Frank A. Rawson, John W. Johnson, 
Samuel H. Edes, Arthur B. Chase, 
Franklin P. Rowel 1. 

Subsequently the committee met, 
organized, developed its plans and 
appointed the various sub-committees 
for carrying out the same. Olin H. 
Chase was made chairman; William 

F. Richards, vice-chairman; Harry 
W. Kendall, secretary, and Sam. D. 
Lewis, treasurer. The several sub- 
committees, to whose persistent and 
effective labor the brilliant success 
achieved was mainly due, were as 
follows : 


The Granite Monthly 

Finance.— Frank J. Chandler, Dan- 
iel K. Barry. Arthur C. Bradley, 
Frank 0. Chellis. George A. Dorr. 

Reception and Entertainment. — 
William F. Richards, Charles E. 
Mooney, Robert T. Martin, Fred T. 
Pollard, Laurence G. Ross. 

Advertising. — Sam. D. Lewis. John 
R. Kelly, Cyrus E. Yarney. 

Literary Program. — John McCrillis, 
Jesse M. Barton, Dana J. Mooney. 

Decorations and Illuminations.— 
John W. Johnson, Ty. L. Barker, Guy 

Olin H. Chase 

L. Bartlett, Frank E. Bronson.Delfred 
R. Graves, Charles W. Johnson, 
Myron W. Tenney. 

Parade. — Samuel H. Edes, Vincent 
J. Brennan, Jr., Henry W. Brown, 
Elmer E. Cowen, John F. Kellcy, 
Ernest L. Putney, Henry Sawyer. 

Tent and Grounds. — Ernest A. Rob- 
inson, Arthur C. Chadwich, Elmer E. 
Dodge, Franklin P. Rowell, Frank H. 

Games and Sports. — D. Sidney Rol- 
lins, Herbert R. Jordan, Guy A. 
Dodge, Herbert E. Dodge, Wayne C. 
Jordan, Francis P. Murphv, Irving 
W. Rowell. 

Comical. — Clarence D. Mooney, 
Joseph T. Bonaccorsi, Dr. Samuel S. 
Baker, Harry W. Kendall, Arthur S. 
Nelson, Silas C. Newell. 

Dance and Entertainment. — Edward 
J. Maley. Herbert F. Barry, Hervey 
D. Angell, George E. Lewis, Paul F. 
Rinaldo, Arthur G. Winter. 

Automobile Parade. — Frederick Ga- 
mash, Vincent J. Brennan, Sr., Dr. 
Fred P. Claggett, George A. Fair- 
banks, Cleon L. Johnson, George H. 

Transportation. — Perley A. John- 
son, Charles W. Rounsevel. 

Music. — Daniel K. Barry, Henry 
L. Barker, Dr. Howard A. Hanaford. 

Old Home Day Reunion and Basket 
Lunch. — Rufus S. Dudley, Leroy C. 
Angell, Edwin R. Heath, George H. 
Parker, George S. Robb. 

Invitations. — Olin H. Chase, Arthur 
B. Chase, Dr. David M. Currier, Capt. 
John B. Cooper, Elisha M. Kempton, 
Franklin A. Rawson. 

There was a general feeling, not only 
on the part of the membership of the 
various committees but of the public 
at large, that the enterprise, if under- 
taken at all, should be carried out on 
broad lines, and no narrow spirit was 
tolerated in any quarter. It was 
determined that what was done 
should be done well, and that the 
means provided should be commen- 
surate with such purpose, and in 
furtherance of this idea the finance 
committee secured popular subscrip- 
tions totaling more than 81300 with 
which to supplement the §800 appro- 
priated by vote of the town toward 
the expenses of the occasion. 

Three times before, at least, the 
town has indulged in celebrations of 
historical importance, admirably car- 
ried out. In 1846, on July 4, the 
eightieth anniversary of the settlement 
of the town was observed. At this 
time a procession marched from the 
Common to the South Church, where 
appropriate exercises were held, 
several short addresses being made 
by representative citizens, and an 
eloquent oration delivered by the 

Newport A n niversary 


Rev. Baron Stow, IT. D., of Boston, 
an eminent Baptist divine, who, 
though a native of Croydon, removed 
with his parents to Newport in child- 
hood, and was here reared and edu- 
cated. An original hymn, written 
for the occasion by Mrs. Sarah J. Hale, 
was also sung. Later a free dinner 
was served on the Common, and 
music, toasts and responses followed. 
July 4, 1S76. a centennial celebra- 
tion of American independence was 
held, on which occasion Hon. Levi 
W. Barton was president of the day, 
with sixteen vice-presidents. Rev. 
Ira Person acted as chaplain, and 
Capt. John B. Cooper as chief marshal. 
Edmund Wheeler, Dexter Richards, 
Matthew Harvey, George F. Whitney 
and Leander F. Dodge constituted 
the committee of arrangements, with 
a dozen or more subordinate com- 
mittees. A company of "horribles" 
paraded the streets in the forenoon, 

marched through the principal streets. 
and back to the town hall, where the 
formal exercises occurred. Prayer 
was offered by the chaplain, the 
Declaration of Independence was read 






. ■ . 

i ~"^-M £■■■'. 


Rev. Baron Stowe, D. D. " 

and at midday an extensive and 
elaborate procession, among whose 
numerous features was a company of 
ladies on horseback, dressed in white 
and representing the several states, 

Mrs. Sarah J. Hale 

by John McCrillis, and appropriate 
sentiments were responded to by 
George R. Brown, Amasa Edes, Henry 
G. Carleton, Albert S. Wait, Rev. E. 
E. C. Abbott,. Alexander H. Hitch- 
cock, Thomas Whalan, Rev. Halsey 
G. Leavitt, Matthew Harvey, Samuel 
H. Edes, Edmund Wheeler, Rev. O. 
H. Jasper, Rev. Charles Peabody and 
Hon. Harvey Huntoon of Unity. 
Adjournment was taken to July 4, 
1976. There was a brilliant display 
of fireworks in the evening, and many 
buildings were illuminated. 

On Tuesday, August 29, during the 
first general observance of " Old Home 
Week " in New Hampshire, in response 
to the call of Governor Rollins, New- 
port had a most brilliant and elab- 
orate celebration, when there were 
many decorations, and a general 
street parade was had in the morning, 
followed by formal exercises in the 
town hall. Jesse M. Barton, Esq., 






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Newport A n n iversa nj 





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Richards Block 

presided and delivered an address of 
welcome which was responded to by 
Charles J. Emerson. Prayer was 
offered by Rev. William Ramsden, 
pastor of the Methodist Church; an 
address was delivered by Rear Adm. 
George E. Belknap, a poem read by 
Edward A. Jenks, and numerous short 
speeches made by prominent citizens 
and natives. A base ball game between 
the Newport and Bellows Falls teams 
followed in the afternoon, and a 
concert by the Newport Cadet Band 
closed the festivities in the evening. 

From this first "Old Home Week" 
observance down to the present year, 
there had been no formal recognition 
of the festival in Newport beyond the 
annual gatherings of the "Old Red 
School House Association," and cer- 
tain family reunions, but it was deter- 
mined that the extent and character 
of this year's demonstration, com- 
bined as it was with the anniversary 
observance, should fully compen- 
sate for all apparent lack of 
interest during the last dozen years, 
and it is safe to say that the out- 
come amply realized such purpose. 
Throughout the entire business sec- 
tion of Main Street the buildings, 

public and private, were decorated 
more extensively and elaborately 
than ever before, while a large 



Rear Admiral Georg,e E. Belknap 

proportion of the residences, through- 
out the entire village, were also 
handsomely decorated. Innumerable 


The Granite Monthly 

Chinese hi uterus "were strung up 
and down the street, on either side 
with cross rows at frequent intervals, 
while a profusion of electric lamps 
added most effectively to the bril- 
liancy of the display at night. It is 
generally conceded that, nowhere else 
in the state, has there ever been so 
brilliant and elaborate decoration 
and illumination as were here pre- 
sented during the time of the celebra- 
tion, which included Monday, Tues- 
day and Wednesday, August 14, 15 
and 16. 

• ,, . . &. 

,..,«. j 

The Bonfire 

As illustrative of the general style 
of building decoration cuts are here- 
with presented of Richards Block and 
the buildings opposite, of the C. M. 
Emerson modern residence on North 
Main Street, and the old mansion at 
the South end where General La : 
fayette was entertained by James 
Breck in 1825, now owned by Mrs. 
Mary A. Bostwick. 

The actual formalities opened with 
a grand illuminated carnival Monday 
evening, initiated by the ringing of 
bells, firing of cannon, and the general 
use of every conceivable variet}' of 

noise-making instruments. Maskers, 
old and young, in every description 
of costume, paraded the streets and 
sidewalks, and sport and fun every- 
where abounded. . Thousands of peo- 
ple lined the streets, or viewed the 
scene from various points of vantage, 
a visiting circus which paraded in the 
morning and exhibited in the after- 
noon, having added to the attraction 
which brought in the crowds from the 
surrounding towns, most of whom 
remained through the evening. 
Prizes were awarded for the' most 
unique costumes worn by the maskers, 
who paraded past the judges' stand 
in front of the town hall at 10 o'clock. 

At 11 o'clock a grand bonfire was 
set off on the Cutting meadow, near 
Elm Street, west of the bridge, the 
material for which consisted of many 
hundred railroad ties, and vast quan- 
tities of shavings and refuse, all well 
saturated with kerosene, had been 
gathered and arranged under the 
direction of Harry W. Kendall. The 
match was applied by Frank C. 
Crowell of California and thousands 
of people watched with intense 
interest the glowing flames as they' 
sprang high into the heavens. During 
the evening, and at intervals through- 
out the entire celebration, excellent 
music was furnished by Wheeler's 
Band of Bellows Falls, Yt, 

In the evening, also, moving pic- 
tures were shown upon a screen in the 
old court house square, including 
many fine portraits of old residents, 
which added greatly to the interest. 

The feature of Tuesday forenoon 
was a grand military and civic parade, 
Tyler L. Barker acting as chief mar- 
shal and the Newport Cadet Band 
preceded by a platoon of police leading 
the first division which included Co. 
M, N. H. N. G., Richards School 
Cadets, Boy Scouts and the Newport 
Fire Department, reinforced by de- 
tachments from Sunapee and Clare- 
mont. The second division was made 
up of delivery teams and work horses. 

Division three, made up mainly of 
decorated floats, included as its first- 
section a fine historical pageant, 

Xewpo ri A n n (versa ry 





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Lewis Block 

The DeWolfe Town Hall and Court House 

arranged under the auspices of the 
Newport Woman's Club, Mrs. Yin- 
cent J. Brennan directing. A mounted 
Indian came first, followed by eight 
young men representing the first 
settlers, garbed in accordance with 
the time, followed by an ox cart 
loaded with children and primitive 
implements and utensils, while a lady 
on horseback represented the first 
white woman of the settlement. A 
beautifully decorated automobile, 
trimmed with the club colors, was 
filled with members representing 
descendants of the first settlers. 

Other floats conveyed delegations 
from the G. A. R., Abenakis Tribe of 
Red Men and other organizations. 
Out-of-town floats followed, one of the 
most interesting being from Corbin's 
Park, carrying a caged buffalo and 
wild boar. The fourth division, led 
by Wheeler's Band of Bellows Falls, 
included the Foresters of America 
and a large company of "horribles." 
The procession, which was nearly half 
a mile in length, formed on North 
Main Street, marched to the lower 
end of the village, and, returning, was 
disbanded on Depot Square. 



View of Newport from the West 


The Granite Monthly 

The afternoon feature was the Old 
Home Day celebration proper, the 
exercises being held in a mammoth 
tent erected on the new "playground, '' 
formerly known as the "Richards 
Meadow" at the west of the railway 
station, the same opening at half past 
two o'clock, following a basket picnic 
at which coffee and doughnuts were 
distributed free to all. 

John McCrillis Esq., chairman of the 
programme committee, officiated as 
president of the day in a most felici- 
tous manner. Prayer was offered 
by Rev. Ralph H. White, pastor 






















John McCrillis 

of the Congregational Church, and 
the address of welcome was given by 
Olin H. Chase, chairman of the gen- 
eral committee, who spoke substan- 
tially as follows: 

Address of OKn H. Chase 

Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

A few words which can appear in the 
printed reports of a function of this character 
as an address of welcome are regarded as a 
necessary formality. The committee having 
in charge the arrangements for the celebration 
in which we are now engaged has endeavored 

to make the welcome of a tangible nature 
rather than an array of platitudes. How well 
they have succeeded in this purpose I leave to 
your better judgment. I trust that it is 
unneccesary to urge upon the returning chil- 
dren of Newport from afield that the town is 
gratified at their home coming. Indeed the 
preparations for this occasion would have been 
largely in vain if they had failed to heed the 
summons to return to the scenes of their 
childhood and once more break bread with the 
associates of earlier years. I assume there is 
something about the environment of boyhood 
and girlhood which is never overshadowed 
by the more pretentious events of mature 

The Newport of today stands in about the 
same proportion to the world at large as the 
Newport of your childhood. The world has 
made much progress and in that progressive 
activity Newport has endeavored to perform 
its part. How well its accomplishments mea- 
sure up to its purpose I also leave to your bet- 
ter judgment. 

The physical Newport you find now much 
as you left it, when, .you took your departure to 
exercise your energies in a wider sphere. Cer- 
tainly the work of nature has not been improved 
upon since your eyes beheld the majestic hills 
surrounding us and the beautiful valley in 
which we are situated and failed to fully appre- 
ciate their beauty and grandeur by reason of 
childish fears. In some instances they have 
deteriorated. A steam sawmill can detract 
more from the beauty of a hillside in three 
weeks than God Almighty will restore in a, 
generation. Newport has in common with 
other communities been obliged to submit to 
the destructive forces of commerce. On the 
other hand may be seen many important 
improvements in the appearance of the old 
town which must be credited to this same 
commercial force. God made the country, 
but man made the town. The first and 
greater work was well done for Newport. 
We have called you back to investigate for 
yourselves if the latter work is commensurate 
with the former. 

Newport opens wide her doors today to 
joyously receive the home coming of her 
residents of former days, and those who may 
be strangers within her gates. To you all, 
speaking for the citizens of the town of New- 
port, I bid generous and sincere welcome to 
our one hundred and fiftieth birthday party. 

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Newport A n n iversary 

- ----.:•■ •.•-■•• &JEK ~ 

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- i 

The C. M. Emerson Residence, North Main St., with the Prize Auto of Harry W. Kendall, 
Mrs. Emerson's Son-in-Law, in the Foreground 

Henry H. Metcalf of Concord, a 
native of Newport, was next intro- 
duced, and delivered the following: 

Historical Address 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen, Citizens, 
Natives, Former Residents of the Town of 

1 esteem it a privilege to be present here, 
today, and to participate in any capacity in 
the exercises incident to this occasion. 

In this town I was born. Upon the clear 
sky above, upon its green fields and forests, 
its charming hillsides, its beautiful valleys, 
its placid river and its sparkling tributaries, 
with the grand mountains in the distant back- 
ground, my childish eyes looked out in wonder 
and delight; and whenever, in later years, 
fortune or circumstance has brought me back 
to these scenes of beauty, they have borne 
for me an added charm on each succeeding 
occasion . 

No fairer skies than these ever bent over 
greener fields; no purer waters ever sped their 
way to the ocean. Search the wide world 
over and you can find no sweeter spot than 
that wherein the little band of Connecticut 

pilgrims pitched their camp that summer 
Sunday morning, long ago, first giving thanks 
to God for leading them in safety into so 
goodly a land. 

An historical address pertinent to the 150th 
anniversary of the incorporation of the town! 
Who shall attempt it? Who shall assume, in 
the necessarily brief time allotted, to recount 
the trials, the privations, the persevering toil 
the heroic endurance, the patient suffering, 
the Christian devotion, the triumphant 
achievement of the men and the women who 
laid the foundations of this goodly New Eng- 
land town, and built their lives into the fiber 
and fabric of its material, political, moral and 
religious development? Who shall essay the 
story of Newport's growth and prosperity, 
progress and accomplishment in the last cen- 
tury and a half? Who shall delineate the 
work and influence of her sons and daughters 
at home and abroad? 

To every measure of progress which has 
characterized the life of the state; to every 
advance step in the unparalleled career of 
the nation in power and achievement, New- 
port has made abundant contribution. In 
the stern conflicts of war and in the nobler 
triumphs of peace her children have been at 


The Granite Monthly 

the front. In literature and in law; in politics 
and in statesmanship; in medicine and theol- 
ogy; in philanthropy, education, art and 
music; in manufacturing; in finance and in 
railway development, as well as in the rugged 
toil of the farm and the shop, no town in New 
Hampshire has more to her credit as the work 
of her sons and daughters in the record of 
earthly achievement . 

Little thought that adventurous hunter, 
Eastman, from Killingwortb, Connecticut, 
whose Christian name, even, the records have 
not preserved; — the first white man to set his 
foot upon Newport's soil so far as known — 
how rich and abundant were to be the ulti- 

Henry H. Metcalf 

mate fruits of his adventure back in the mid- 
dle of the eighteenth century, the precise date 
of which remains unknown. To his glowing 
accounts of the wealth of soil, beauty of 
scenery and general natural advantages here 
prevailing, is due the organization of a move- 
ment among his neighbors and fellow citizens, 
which resulted in the granting of a charter for 
the township of Newport by King George the 
Third, through Benning Wentworth, Governor 
and Commander-in-Chief of the Province of 
New Hampshire to sixty-one citizens of Kill- 
ingworth, and neighboring towns, in New 
London County, Connecticut, bearing date of 
October G, 17G1, the 150th anniversary of which 

act, slightly anticipated, we arc now formally 
observing, in connection with "Old Home 
Day" greetings to the wandering sons and 
daughters of the town, with their descendants 
returning to the home of their childhood to 
renew old associations and friendships, and 
gain new strength and vigor for the work 
remaining for them to do. 

The names of these sixty-one grantees, or 
original proprietors, .are available, but not of 
sufficient importance to warrant their recount- 
ing here, since few of them ever saw the town, 
and one only settled within its limits, most of 
them having subsequently disposed of their 
interest to others. It is to be regretted, how- 
ever, that more is not known of Last man, the 
hunter ami discoverer, to whom the world is 
primarily indebted for opening up this verita- 
ble beauty spot to settlement and civilization. 
He is reputed to have made another pilgrim- 
age to the region, in pursuit of the spoils of 
the hunt, in a subsequent season, prior to the 
actual settlement, from which he failed to 
return, and the discovery of a human skeleton 
near a small stream a mile or two to the west- 
ward of the present village after settlement 
had been made, is regarded as in a measure 
determining the fate of this adventurous 
spirit, who, through sickness or accident, is 
supposed here to have met the summons for 
departure to other fields of exploration in 
"the great beyond." He has no monument. 
Lei us drop a tear to his memory and pass on! 

At a proprietors' meeting, held in Killing- 
worth December 25, 1764,— the first of which 
there is any record — a committee was ap- 
pointed to proceed to Charlestown — then 
known as "Number Four" — the nearest set- 
tlement, "to attend to the allotment of the 
shares," which committee, consisting of 
Stephen Wilcox, Robert Lane, John Crane 
and Isaac Kelsey, attended to the duty 
assigned in July following; and in the subse- 
quent autumn a party of six young men came 
up from Killingworth, cleared each a tract of 
land, got in a crop of rye, and made other 
preparations for a permanent settlement the 
following year. Early in June, 1766, these 
young men and two others, making a party 
of eight, all of whose names are not obtainable, 
but which included Stephen Wilcox and his 
two sons, Jesse and Phineas, Samuel Hurd, 
his son-in-law, Absalom Kelsey and Jesse and 
Ezra Parmelee came up and established the 
first permanent settlement in the town. They 

Newport A n n ircrsary 


located to trie southwest of the present village 
site, mainly along the west bank of t ho south 
branch of the river. They had arrived within 
the town limits on a Saturday night, we are 
told, but, delayed by bad traveling, were 
obliged to go into camp before reaching their 
destination, somewhere in the Pike Hill region, 
but pushed on early in the morning. Reach- 
ing the site of their clearings their journey 
ended, and, it being the Sabbath, they en- 
gaged in religious service under a large pine 
tree, led by Deacon Wilcox, whose descend- 
ants, in subsequent generations, were promi- 
nent in church and town affairs. This Deacon 
Stephen Wilcox did not himself become a 
permanent settler. He was already well 

ment, among whom were Zephaniah Clark, 
Ebenezer Merritt, and Daniel Dudley. The 
next year there were further accessions and 
the wives of several settlers were brought up 
from Connecticut, and established in their 
respective cabins. 

In the fall of this year, October 13. 1767, 
the first meeting of the proprietors, within 
the limits of the town, was held — at the house 
of Jesse Wilcox. It was called to order by 
Benjamin Bellows of Walpole, one of ''His 
Majesty's Justices," well known in our early 
history, whose descendants, in later years, 
have held high place in public life. Stephen 
Wilcox was made moderator; Benjamin Giles, 
clerk; Samuel Hurd, Charles Avery and 





Home of Mrs. Mary A. Bostwick 
Former Home of James Breck, Ralph Metcalf and William Duriton 

advanced in years, and was chiefly intent 
upon having his sons well located, another of 
them— Uriah — joining the settlement a few 
years later, and gaining and holding a leac^ 
ing place in the community. From that day 
to the present, indeed, the name of Wilcox 
has been conspicuous in the annals of the 

A cart road was opened to the settlement, 
from Charlestown, which remained the base 
of supplies, the same running over Unit}' 
Hill, where, by the way, a few years later, 
there camped for the night, the soldiers of 
Stark, on their famous march to Bennington. 
Progress was made on the clearings during 
the season, and several accessions to the settle- 

Zephaniah Clark, assessors, and a committee, 
of which Benjamin Giles was chairman, 
appointed to "lay out a second division of 

The original division, it is understood, con- 
sisted of fifteen acres to each settler, running 
east and west, across the meadow. At this 
meeting it was voted to give each thirty-five 
acres more, making fifty in all, either at the 
east or west end of the lot already laid out. 
The meeting adjourned for three days, to 
meet at the house of Zephaniah Clark, when 
it was voted that Zephaniah Clark, Ebenezer 
Merritt, Benjamin Kurd, and Jesse Wilcox, 
having families in town, have each eighty 
acres of land, and that any proprietor, who, 



Hon. Edmund Burke 

Ne wpnrt A n n i versa nj 


with hi? wife, should beeomo an inhabitant 
of the town before the first of July following, 
should have eighty acres. Thus, properly 
did the first settlers encourage the family 
relation in their midst. 

This Benjamin Giles, the first town clerk, 

splendid natural opportunity for meeting the 
same, and he promptly proposed the building 
of a saw and corn mill at the falls in the east 
branch, or main stream of the Sugar River, at 
what is now known as Guild, where the present 
Granite State Mills are located, and, at an- 

l * 


% . 


Congregational Church 

who became the leading man in the town, was 
a native of Ireland, about fifty years of age 
when he came from Groton, Connecticut; to 
Newport, and a man of great enterprise, activity 
and force of character. He recognized the set- 
tlement's need of milling privileges, and the 

other adjourned meeting, held October 29, 
the same year, he was voted one hundred 
acres of land around and including the falls, 
and a tax or right on each proprietor's right 
or share, to the value of fotir days labor, for 
his aid and encouragement in building the 

Edmund Burke, lawyer, editor, statesman and publicist, Newport's most distinguished 
citizen, born in Westminister, Vt., January 23, 1809, died in Newport January 25, 1882. 

Mr. Burke was the son of Elijah and Grace (Jeffers) Burke, his father being a farmer in mode- 
rate circumstances, but who encouraged him to enter upon a professional career. He studied 
Latin with private tutors and read law in the office of Hon. William C. Bradley of Westminister, 
an ex-congressman, and an eminent member of the Vermont, bar, and was himself admitted 
to the bar at the age of 21 years. He immediately commenced practice in the town of Cole- 
brook, where he remained till 1S33, when, having become interested in politics, he went to 
Claremont, taking charge of the Argus, a Democratic newspaper then just established, in con- 
nection with legal practice. A year later he removed with the paper to Newport, where he 
remained through life, except for the time spent in Washington, as a member of Congress 
from 1839 to 184.5, as commissioner of patents for the next four years and as associate editor 
of the Washington Union for a year following. Mr. Burke gained and held a high standing 
at the bar, rendered the the state and nation conspicuous service in Congress, and as a strong 
and convincing political writer, excised a powerful influence in shaping the policy of the Demo- 
cratic party, of which he was a life long adherent. December 1, 1840, he married Ann, daugh- 
ter of Francis Matson, and granddaughter of Hon. Aaron Mat son of Stoddard, who died 
January 25, 1857, exactly twenty-five years before the death of Mr. Burke. They had one 
daughter, Frances Matson, the wife of Col. George H. Dana, Francis H. Dana is their son. An 
extended biographical sketch of Mr. Burke appeared in the Granite Monthly, Vol. Ill, 
No. G, March, 1SS0. 


The Granite Monthly 

proposed mills,, which were completed and in 
operation in September of the following year. 

Thus did the settlement foster and encour- 
age "infant industry" in the manufacturing 
line, and, from that day to this, manufactur- 
ing has developed and prospered in the town 
of Newport. Fortunes have been made, and, 
some, perchance, have been lost therein, but 
the business has gone forward, and Newport 
has ranked among the thriving manufacturing, 
as well as the prosperous agricultural towns of 
the state. Indeed there is no community in 
which these two leading industries have kept 
more even pace, and have been fairly supple- 
mented by the operations of mercantile and 
professional life, anywhere in state or nation, 
than in this same town of Newport. 

Benjamin Giles was a delegate in the Exeter 

gious services have nut been held in town. 
These services, as well as the town, or pro- 
prietors' meetings, were at first held in the 
homes of the settlers; but in 1772 a building 
was erected for public, religious and school 
purposes. It was 2(3 by 30 feet in dimensions, 
square roofed, covered with rough boards 
fastened on with wooden pegs, and fitted with 
a fire place. It was located on the plain, near 
what has since been known as the Claggett 
place, on the Unity road. 

Although regular worship had been main- 
tained, it was not till October 2S, 1779, that 
a church organization was formed, the arti- 
cles of faith and rules of discipline being 
signed by Robert Lane, Daniel Dudley, 
Daniel Buell, Aaron Buell, Eliza Bascom, 
Matthew Buell, Josiah Stevens, Benjamin 


■"'W » 

• - 

t :..,.,.< 

Baptist Church 

Convention of 1775-6, called to organize a 
provisional government for the province after 
the flight of Governor Wentworth, and was a 
member of the committee of twelve, chosen 
from the delegates, to constitute an upper 
house, or senate, over which Mesech Weare, 
the first governor of the state, presided. He 
served in several other sessions of the provi- 
sional or state congress, and was. a member of 
the convention at Concord, in June, 1782, to 
provide a permanent plan of government for 
the state. He died December 9, 1789, aged 
seventy years. 

The early settlers of Newport, like those of 
most New England towns, were religious peo- 
ple, and mostly devout Congregationalists. 
It is claimed that no Sunday has passed since 
that first morning of their arrival, when reli- 

Giles, Esther Buell, Susannah Dudley, Lydia 
Hurd, Eunice Bascom, Mary Stevens, Esther 
Lane, Chloe Wilcox, Mary Buell, Jane Buell — 
eight men and nine women, — the fair sex even 
then being in the majority in the church, as 
they have almost invariably been in all good 
works, here and everywhere. 

In January, 1783, the first regular pastor, 
Rev. John Remele, was settled over the 
church, at an annual salary of seventy pounds, 
and continued, with indifferent success, until 
his dismissal in October, 1791. There was 
then a four years' vacancy in the pastorate, 
but in the meantime a new meeting-house 
was erected, near the corners, at the foot of 
Claremont Hill. Christopher Newton, Jere- 

miah Jenks, Phineas Chapin, 


and Aaron Buell were the building committee. 

Ne wport A nr< iversary 


The frame was raised June 16, 1703 on which 
occasion a fatal accident occurred, a son of 
Rev. Job Seamans of New London being killed 
by a fall. It may be pertinent to remark 
that this startling accident excite J consterna- 
tion and confusion, and it was some time 
before the builder in charge found a man who 
would take the position in the working force 
which had been filled by young Seamans. 
He finally found one however, in the person 
of my maternal grandfather, Nathan Gould, 
who had recently settled in the northwest part 
of the town, where he cleared up the well 
known Gould farm, now owned and occupied 
by his grandson, Alfred G. Gould. 

In December, 1795, Abijah Wines, a young 
citizen of the town, and Newport's first grad- 
uate from Dartmouth College (class of 1794) 
was called to the pastorate, accepted, was 
ordained and installed, and rendered faithful 
service for twenty-one years. Two years 
later Rev. James Wheelock, a grandson of the 
first president of Dartmouth, was installed as 
pastor, continuing four years. In the latter 
part of this pastorate, the present stately 
house of worship, whose architectural fea- 
tures, still preserved, have commanded the 
admiration of visitors from far and near, was 
erected, the same being completed in 1822; 
the mutations of time having transferred the 
center of business and population to this side 
of .the river. 

In January, 1S24, Rev. John Woods, who 
came from the church at Warner, was installed 
as pastor, and continued for twenty-seven 
years, his being the longest pastorate in the 
history of the church. It is safe to say, more- 
over, that this pastorate covered "the golden 
age" of the Newport Congregational Church. 
Priest Woods preached '"'strong doctrine," 
portrayed the wrath to come, for the uncon- 
verted sinner, in fiery terms, and is credited 
with having gathered 329 souls, in all, into 
the fold during his niinbrtry. He was the first 
preacher whom I ever saw or heard in a pulpit, 
and his awful warnings are fresh mmy memory 
after the lapse of more than three-score years. 
He was dismissed at his own request, July 16, 
1S51, and on the same day Rev. Henry Cum- 
mings was installed as his successor. Mr. 
Cummings continued successfully for fifteen 
years. His successors, for shorter periods, have 
been Revs. G. W. R. Scott, E. E. P.Abbott, 
Charles N. Flanders, George F. Kengott, John 

Pearson Pillsbury, James Alexander. Perley A. 
Grant and Ralph H. White. 

After all these years this church remains — 
a power for good, a tower of moral and spirit- 
ual strength in the community. Less intent 
upon doctrine and dogma than in the days of 
the fathers; more insistent upon getting 
heaven into men than men into heaven; 
promulgating the gospel of love which casts 
out all fear but the fear of wrong-doing, it 
meets, let us hope, in full measure the just 
requirements of the twentieth century Chris- 
tian Church, thereby justifying the faith and 
the work of the founders, who, living up to 

— ^ '. 

!" *-. , 








: % ■ 




i % 


Methodist Church 

the highest conception of duty in their own 
day and generation, builded better than they 

To detail, even in the briefest terms, the 
history of the various other churches, now or 
formerly existing in the town, would exceed 
the limitations of this address. Suffice it to 
say that here, as in other places, the religious 
field was not left to the sole occupancy of 
the " standing order." Shortly after the 
advent of the first settlers a colony came in 
from central Massachusetts, most of whom 
were Baptists, locating in the northwest part 
of the town, on what has since been known as 
"Baptist Hill," around and above the region 


Hon. Dexter Richard? 

Newport A nniversary 



Under Elder Pearson's ministry this church 
fairly rivalled the Congregational in member- 
ship ami influence, and in all succeeding 
years, under various pastorates, has been a 
strong factor in the religious life of the 

Methodism gained a foothold in town as 
early as 1830, also getting its first start at 
Northville, Peter Wakefield being the leading 


u: ..__;■ 


Church of the Epiphany 

of Xorthville, organ! zing a church in the very 
year when the Congregational church was 
organized, and whose original membership 
consisted of Seth Wheeler., Elias Metcaif, 

William Haven, Ezekiel Powers, Mrs. Seth 
VVheeler, Mrs. Elias Metcaif, Mrs. William 
Haven and Mrs. Nathaniel Wheeler. Serv- 
ices were held in private houses, in barns, and 
in the school-house, until, in 179S, a meeting- 
house was built, near the cemetery. The 
first pastor of the church. Rev. Bial Ledoyt 
was installed in October, 1791, and continued 
about ten .years, during which the church 
prospered. Divisions subsequently arose, 
the church weakened; short pastorates and 
long interregnums followed. Finally, under 
the impetus given by Col. William Cheney., 
then the leading business man of the town, a 
movement for the erection of a new church, 
in the village, was organized and the same 
erected at the head of the common, being 
dedicated October 11, 1821; so that, as 
appears, the original portion of the present 
Baptist house of worship — the same having 
been since materially enlarged and improved — 
was completed the year before the South or 
Congregational church, ninety years ago, the 
coming Autumn. 

This house ultimately became the church 
home of all the Baptist people in town, that 
at Xorthville being abandoned, and all unit- 
ing here at the village. The most notable and 
successful pastorate was that of the Rev. Ira 
Pearson, which embraced two separate periods 
of eighteen years in all, the first commencing 
with the opening of the new church in 1821. 

Dexteh Richards, merchant, manufacturer, philanthropist, public servant, Newport's 
most successful business man, born September 5, 1818, died August 7, 1898. A son of Capt. 
Seth and Fanny Richards, he passed his life in the town, entering his father's store at an early 
age, soon becoming a partner therein, later engaging extensively in manufacturing, first as a 
partner and later as sole proprietor of the Sugar River Mills, in the operation of which his sons 
were subsequently associated with him. He was mainly instrumental in securing the extension 
of the railroad to and through Newport, and was long prominently identified with the bank- 
ing interests of the town as president of the First National Bank and the Newport Savings 
Bank, and was active in the affairs of the Congregational Church, of which he was for many 
years a deacon, and to whose support, and that of its various charities, he was a generous con- 
tributor, as well as to all agencies calculated to promote the welfare of the community. He 
will be long held in grateful remembrance for his munificent benefactions to his native town, 
which include the elegant Richards Free Library, and the Richards High School building, with 
a handsome endowment for the maintenance of the former. He served as town clerk and 
selectman, was a representative in the legislature in 1865, 1800 and 1870, was a member of 
the executive council in 1871 and 1872, a delegate in the Constitutional Convention of 1876 
and a state senator in 1887-8. He was a trustee of the }<e\v Hampshire Asylum for the Insane 
and of the Orphans Home at Franklin. He was a liberal benefactor of Kimball Union Academy 
at Meriden and established a scholarship at Dartmouth College. He married, January 27, 
1847, Louisa F., daughter of Dr. Mason Hatch of Newport. They had five children, of whom 
the first born, a daughter, died at 20 years of age, and one son in infancy. The surviving 
sons — Seth M. (mentioned later) and William F., succeeded their father in business. A 
daughter, Josephine E., is the wife of Prof. M. C. Gile of Colorado Springs, Col. 

spirit in the movement. Meetings were first 
held in the school-house and later in a small 
chapel built in that locality. It struggled for 
existence for a time, but gained new vigor 
through a temporary division in the Congre- 
gational church, a number of whose members 
joined the Methodist ranks, and in 1851 the 
present Methodist church edifice was erected, 
the same being dedicated December 25 of that 


The Granite Monthly 

year — an ©ccasion which I well remember, 
occupying, myself, the position of the prover- 
bial "small boy" in the great audience which 
crowded the house, the dedicatory .sermon — a 
most eloquent one — being delivered by Pio- 
fessor King of Newbury (Vt.) Seminary, 

Uni versa lism came in eotemporaneously 
with Methodism, a [Jniversalist Society being 
organized in February, 1S30, and services held 
in the court house and town hall until 1S37, 
when a brick church building was erected on 
the west side of Main street in which public 
worship was held, with more or less regularity 
till about 1S70, when the field was abandoned 
by that denomination, and in 1S73 a I'nitar- 

.* I 

•,*«! '*>'-> 





■5 I-, •. 

% - : 3* .R 

The Catholic Church 

ian society was organized and occupied the 
TJniversalist church building. This society, 
however, found difficulty in carrying on its 
work and soon gave up the attempt, the 
decided liberalization of the Congregational 
church, in keeping with the growing tendency 
of the times in the religious world, rendering 
impracticable, and perhaps unnecessary, any 
distinctively liberal effort. 

For the last half century and more, the 
Roman Catholics have constituted a very 
considerable and constantly increasing element 
of the town's population. A Catholic mission 
was established here in 1854, and, in 1SS3, 
the present church edifice was completed and 

dedicated, and has ever since been occupied. 
We'll would it be for the community if the 
services in other churches were as fully and 
regularly attended. 

Within the past decade a Protestant Epis- 
copal mission has been established, a church 
organized and a house of worship erected 
wherein services are now regularly held, so 
that there are now five churches in town hold- 
ing regular services — a smaller number than 
in some towns of the same size, but ample for 
the accommodation of all the people. 

While there has been no period of rapid 
growth in population, there has been no decade 
since the town was settled in which some in- 
crease has not been made. In the first year of 
the settlement, according to the Colonial 
record, there were twenty-nine people in the 
town. In 1775, at the outbreak of the Revo- 
lution, the. population had increased to 157. 
The census of 1790— the first regular census 
taken by the federal government — gave 780 
inhabitants. At this time there were 131 
heads of families reported, as follows: 

Avers, John; Bascom, Elias, Elias Jr., 
Reuben; Bayley, Jesse; Bliss, Henry; Bragg, 
Benjamin; Britton, William; Brown, David, 
Elijah, Jonathan; Buell, Aaron, Abraham, 
Daniel, Gordon, John, Joseph, Joseph Jr., 
Matthew, Matthew Jr., Simon, Thomas; 
Carpenter, Sorrell; Chamberlain, Simeon; 
Chapin, David, Phineas; Church, Samuel, 
Whitman; Colby, Abner; Comstock, Jona- 
than; Cutting, David, Jonathan; Durkee, 
Moses Paine; Dexter, Stephen; Drock, Simon; 
Dudley, Daniel, Daniel Jr., Ezra, John, 
Josiah; Dunham, Solomon; Eastman, Benja- 
min; Johnson, Ferring, Zebulon; Fletcher, 
Joel; Goodwin, Richard, Theophilus; Hall, 
Amos, David, Jared, Levi; Harrington, 
Timothy; Harris, John; Haven, James, Joel; 
Hayden, William; Humphrey, Arter; Hurd, 
Nathan, Samuel, Samuel Jr., Stephen; Jenks, 
Jeremiah; Jones, Thomas; Kelsey, Absalom' 
Ethan, Isaac, Jeremiah, Jesse, Joel, Roswell; 
Lane, Jesse, Robert, Thomas; Lewis, John; 
McGregory, Joel, John; Mack, Aaron; Marcy, 
Daniel; Merritt, Ebenezer; Messer, Theodore; 
Metcalf, Elias; Mott, Jared; Nettleton, Jere- 
miah; Newton, Christopher, Isaac; Noyce, 
Isaac; Osgood, Thomas, William; Parmelee, 
Ezra; Peck, Henry, Hezekiah; Perry, Stephen, 
Philip, William; Pike, Jarvis, John, Moses, 
Nathaniel; Remele, John; Reynolds, Jede- 
diah; Sholes, Aaron, Christopher, Hannah; 

Newport A nniversary 


Hutchinson, Levi; Silver. John, Samuel; 
Spencer, Robert; Stevens, Josiah, Josiah Jr., 
Peter; Thompson, Samuel; Tower, Ephraim; 
Towner, Benjamin; Wakefield. Josiah, Jona- 
than, Jesse, Peter; Warner, John, Joshua, 
Samuel, Thomas: Wheeler, Asa; White. 
Enoch; Wilcox, Uriah, Je.^e, Phineas; - Wil- 
marth, Nathan; Wines, Abijah; Witcher, 

The population in 1S00 was 1246; in JS10 
1427; in 1820, 1679; 1S30, 1917; 1840, 195S; 
1S50, 2020; 1S00, 2077; 1870, 2163; 18S0, 
2612; 1S90. 2623, 1900. 3126; 1910, 3765. 
The most rapid increase, it will be noted, was 
in the first three and last two decades of the 
town's history, the increase of 1142, from 1890 
to 1910, being more than in any corresponding 
period since the settlement of the town, and 
auguring well, indeed, for its continued growth 
and prosperity. The period of smallest 
increase was the four decades, from 1830 to 
1870, covering the time from the breaking 
out of the Western emigration fever to the 
advent of the Concord and Claremont Rail- 
road, which was completed to this town in the 
fall of 1871, and carried through to Claremont 
the following year. 

The opening of the railroad gave new 
impetus to manufacturing industry in the 
town, which, as has been stated, was strongly 
fostered from the start, and in extent and 
variety has exceeded that of most towns of 
similar size. Cotton spinning was introduced 
in town as early as 1813. Fulling and carding 
mills, for dressing woolen cloths had been in 
operation for a third of a century before, and 
woolen manufacture by machinery came soon 
after, the enterprises in this line being too 
numerous to mention. A silk mill flourished 
for a time and the manufacture of hats was 
once a prominent industry. Plows, rakes and 
scythes were extensively manufactured, and 
the Sibley scythe, made at Xorthvilie, now 
holds first place in the market. Today, as 
for decades past , Newport flannels are favor- 
ably known all over the land, and the output 
of boots and shoes and ladies' underwear, in 
amount as well as quality, is a first class cer- 
tificate of industrial prosperity. 

Whether it be true or not, as historically 
alleged, that the first article of merchandise 
brought into town was a barrel of rum, it is 
certain that mercantile life got an early start 
in town, and that it has flourished all these 
years. The first store in town was kept by 

one Hicks, a son-in-law of Jcdediah Reynolds. 
Josiah Stevens. Jr., also had a store, before 
the opening of the last century; but the busi- 
ness of merchandizing seems to have gotten 
its first real start when Col. William Cheney 
came into town from Alstead, in 1807, and 
opened a store, at the foot of Claremont Hill, 
most business of importance up to this time, 
in fact, having been carried on, on the west 
side; though Isaac Reddington, some fifteen 
years before, had erected a frame building — 
the first one the east side of the valley— at 
the comers, below the bridge, where he had 
a store and tavern combined. In 1810 Colonel 
Cheney built a long block up the street on this 

Hon. Ralph Metcalf 

side, which afterwards became known as 
Richards Block, on the site of the present 
structure of that name, to which he removed 
his business. He was emphatically the "big 
man" of the town in his day and furthered 
many enterprises, building a large hotel on the 
site of the present Newport House, in 1814-15; 
largely developing the water power, building 
grist and saw mills, a cotton factory and an 
oil mill. He it was, also, who erected in 1818 
the great four-story structure on the east side 
of the common, which older residents still 
recall as the old :l Tontine." It stood where 
the Methodist Church and parsonage now 
are, and was occupied for stores and tene- 


Hon. Austin Corbin 

Ne w port A nnivcrsary 


merits. I remember it distinctly as one of the 

"sights" of the town in my first visits to the 
village, as long ago as 1845. Colonel Cheney 
who died in 1S30, leaving his business to his 
sons, had a rival for some years in trade and 
general enterprise, in the person of James 
Breek, a native of Boston, who came into the 
town from Croydon in 1816, built a large 
store at the South end and established a pros- 
perous business. In company with Josiah 
Forsaith he built the Eagle Hotel (now the 
Edes Block) which as a public house for 
many years was the rival of the Cheney or 
Nettleton tavern, at the upper end, both 
being famous hostelries in their day, under 
various managements. Mr. Breck was a lead- 
ing spirit in the South or Congregational 
church, as Colonel Cheney was in the Baptist, 
and was one of the building committee erect- 
ing the new house of worship in 1S22. So 
intense was the rivalry between these two men 
and so strong the following of each that when 
General Lafayette came to town, during his 
visit to America in 1S25, it was found neces- 
sary to hold two receptions in his honor — one 
at the residence of each of these local mag- 
nates. Mr. Breck finallv removed with his 

family to Rochester, X. Y., where he died in 

In 1835 the Cheney store passed into the 
hands of Capt. Seth Richards, a son of Syl- 
vanus Richards, who came to town from 
Dedham, Mass.. early in the last century and 
was an extensive farmer and hotel keeper. 
Captain Richards did a large business alone 
for many years, and subsequently with his 
son Dexter and later Abiather, also, as part- 
ners. Directly across the street was the 
Xettleton store, another thriving establish- 
ment. It was in tins Richards store that I 
obtained my first idea of the workings of a 
country store, when, upon visiting it with my 
father, at the age of about four years, the 
first stick of striped candy I had ever seen 
was transferred to my possession. From that 
day to this my interest in Xewport stores and 
Xewport business generally has been deep 
and strong, and I am glad to know that the 
mercantile life of the town has fully kept pace 
with its prosperity in other directions. 

It was not until the latter half of the last 
century that banking, as a business, was 
introduced in Xewport, the Sugar River Bank 
having been incorporated January 7, 1853, 

Austin Corbin, born in Newport July 11, 1827; died there June 4, 1S96. He was one of the 
most conspicuous figures of his time in American financial and railway circles, and but for his 
sudden death from a carriage accident, in the midst of important undeveloped projects, he 
would, doubtless, have rivaled Harriman and Morgan in the magnitude of his operations. He 
was the eldest son of Austin and Mary (Chase) Corbin, and was educated for the bar, studying 
with Edmund L. dishing of Charlestown, Ralph Metcalf of Xewport and at the Harvard Law 
School, from which he graduated in 1S49, when he was admitted to the bar and immediately 
commenced practice in his native town as a partner of Mr. Metcalf. Two years later, desiring 
a new and broader field, he went West locating at Davenport, la., where he continued fourteen 
years, practicing his profession with great success for a time but later engaging extensively in 
banking. Pie organized the First National Bank of Davenport in June, 1863, the first bank 
organized under the National Currency Act. and managed it as president with brilliant success 
until 1865, when he disposed of all his interests there, and removed to Xew York City, where 
he engaged in general banking. 

In 1S70 he organized the ''Corbin Banking Company," which gained a national and inter- 
national reputation by the magnitude and success of its operations. His wonderfully enter- 
prising spirit also directed his energies along other lines. He organized and carried out the 
movement for the development of Manhattan Beach and Coney Island — the greatest work 
ever accomplished for the benefit of the metropolis — projected the Long Island railroad, of 
which he was president, as he was, later, of the Philadelphia & Reading and subsidiary corpo- 
rations, and had planned a great ocean steamship line, from Fort Pond Bay at the eastern 
extremity of the island to Europe, which he would undoubtedly have carried out had he lived. 
Meanwhile he acquired and extensively improved, for a summer home, the old homestead in 
Xewport, where he was born, and also established the famous Blue Mountain or Corbin Park 
in Croydon, Grantham and Cornish, containing some 27,000, acres, which he stocked with 
buffalo, elk and other game, it being the largest private game preserve in America. He retained 
a deep interest in his native town, and had many projects for its benefit in contemplation when 
suddenly called hence. Mr. Corbin married August 16, 1853, Hannah M., daughter of Simeon 
and Hannah (Haven) Wheeler of Croydon. Their eldest daughter, Mary, since deceased, 
became the wife of Rene Cheronet Champollion, a French gentleman of distinguished lineage, 
Isabella, the second daughter, married George F. Edgell of St. Louis. The}' have a fine summer 
residence a mile north of Xewport village, while still further north, Andre Champollion, a son 
of the first named, Is also completing one. A son, Austin P. Corbin, resides in Xew York. 

254 The Granite Monthly 

with $50,000 capital. Ralph Metcalf, Ed- former by a majority of 3,72$ votes. Mean- 
niund Burke, Amasa Edes, Thomas A. while the town of Newport had erected a new 
Twitchcll, Thomas W. Gilmore, Amasa Hall brick building for a court house and town hall, 
and Dexter Richards, constituted the first the same being completed in February, 1826, 
board of directors. Ralph Metcalf was presi- William Cheney, James Breck and James D. 
dent and Paul J. Wheeler cashier. In 1S65 Walcott building committee. This building 
this was reorganized as a national bank, and passed entirely into the hands of the town 
the capital* increased to 8100,000. In 1S68 and was utilized for school uses, in 1S73, when 
the Newport Savings Bank was incorporate*:!. a new and splendidly equipped building, also 
Dexter Richards was the first president and erected by the town, took its place for county 
Frederick W. Lewis treasurer. Both institu- and town business purposes, 
tions prospered from the start and continu- The latter building was destroyed by the 

ously. The Citizens National Bank, incor- disastrous conflagration of June 21, 1885, 
porated in 1SS5, with $50,000 capital, C. M. the most destructive ever known in Newport, 
Emerson president and Perley A. Johnson which wiped out the old Nettleton Block and 

other landmarks, but was immediately 
r ------ . -;, replaced by the present elegant structure on 

the same site. The old first court house is 
still preserved and is the home of Sullivan 
Grange, No. 8, Patrons of Husbandry. 
j There were lawyers in Newport long before 

j the town became a county seat. Caleb Ellis, 
?v the first of the profession here located, a 

native of Walpole, Mass., and a graduate of 
fc ■■. Harvard of the class of 1793, had an office 

i ..... <& . in town before 1800, but shortly after that 

date removed to Claremont where he had a 
brief but distinguished career, serving as 
state senator, councilor, member of Congress 
j and judge of the Supreme Court. 

Hubbard Newton, a native of the town, son 

of Christopher, and a graduate of Dartmouth 

of the class of 1 804, commenced practice as a 

lawyer here in 1S0G, and with the exception of 

| a few years at Amherst and at Claremont, 

'\ spent his life in the profession, in his native 

t ~~- ~.- - m — m town. Weare Tappan, who subsequently 

Hon. Edwin O. Stanard removed to Bradford, was his partner here 

for several years between 1812 and 1820. 
cashier, and the Sugar River Savings Bank David Hale, a native of Alstead. who mar- 

ten years later, Carlton Hurd president and ried Sarah Josepha Buell, practiced here ten 
P. A. Johnson treasurer, are also successful years till his death in 1822. Amasa Edes, a 
institutions. native of Antrim, in which town were also 

Until 1827 the towns now included in Sulli- born those eminent lawyers, George W. Nes- 
van County were embraced in the County mith and Daniel M. Christie, a graduate of 
of Cheshire, courts being held at Keene and Dartmouth of the class of 1817, came here and 
Charlestown, though by an act of the legisla- engaged in legal practice in December, 1822, 
ture of 1824 it was provided that the May and continued for more than forty years, in 
term of the Superior Ccurt should be held in honorable and successful practice. In the 
Newport. July 5, 1827, the act incorporating same year with Mr. Edes came Josiah For- 
the County of Sullivan was passed, to take saith, a native of Deering, a Dartmouth 
efTeet the following September, the question graduate of the class of 1807, who had pre- 
as to whether Newport or Claromont should viously practiced in Goffstown and in Boston, 
be the shire town being submitted to the and continued here till his decease in 1840. 
people and decided by them in favor of the Ralph Metcalf, a native of Charlestown, 



Newport A ntiiversary 


graduate of Dartmouthj^elass of 1S23, prac- 
ticed bore two years, from 1S20 to 1S2S, and 
subsequently from IS4I to 1856, during the 
latter two years serving as Governor of New 
Hampshire — Newport's only representative 
in the executive chair. At the close of his 
gubernatorial term he removed to Claremont 
where he u^ied two years later — August 26, 

Edmund Burke, the ablest and most dis- 
tinguished of Newport lawyers and citizens, 
a native of Westminster, Vt., came here from 
Claremont in the fall of 1834, bringing with 
him the Argus, a Democratic newspaper, of 
which he had been in editorial charge a year, 
and which, a year later, was united under his 
management, with the Spectator, whieh had 
also been removed from Claremont by its 
publisher, Cyrus Barton, in January, 1S25, 
and was the first paper printed in town. Mr. 
Burke pursued his profession and edited his 
newspaper, with equal success, gaining more 
prominence, politically, however, through the 
latter, the force and vigor of his editorial 
utterances commanding wide attention, and 
the confidence of his part}' to such extent 
that in 1839 he was elected to Congress, serv- 
ing six years with distinguished ability, which 
service was followed by four years more at 
Washington as Commissioner of Patents 
under President Polk, and another year as 
associate editor of the Washington Unicn 
then the leading Democratic paper of the 
country, to which he had contributed largely 
in preceding years. He then returned home 
and resumed his legal practice which he fol- 
lowed with success for thirty years, until his 
death, though devoting himself largely to 
patent law, in which he had become an expert 
through the" knowledge gained in his service 
as commissioner. 

Perhaps at this time as well as any I may 
take the opportunity to pay a brief tribute to 
the masterly ability of this man, Edmund 
Burke. It has been my fortune to see and 
know most of the able lawyers and prominent 
public men of New Hampshire in the last fifty 
years. Many of them I have known more or 
less intimately, and I do not hesitate to say 
that Edmund Burke had no peer in the state 
in intellectual power and acumen. To a 
thorough comprehension of fundamental 
legal principles, and their application in any 
case at issue, he added a broad general knowl- 
edge of men and affairs, which proved more 

advantageous on the whole, than the intimate 
acquaintance with text and technicality upon 
which some lawyers depend. An indefatig- 
able reader, endowed with a wonderful mem- 
ory and possessed of one of the mo^t extensive 
libraries in the state, there was scarcely any 
field of knowledge with which he was not 
familiar, and those who were privileged to 
listen to his conversation, invariably wondered 
at the extent of his information. He was not 
gifted with the power of oratory, but as a 
forceful and virile writer, especially on politi- 
cal questions, he had neither superior nor 
equal in his day and generation. His contri- 
butions to the politico-economic literature of 
the country during the prolonged agitation 
preceding the enactment of the famous 
Walker tariff of 1840, which has been the 
basis of all Democratic tariff legislation since 
that date, did more than anything else to fix 

D-. John L. Swett. Samuel H. Edes 

the policy of his party in that regard. New 
Hampshire has had but one President. But 
for Edmund Burke, even that one would 
never have been placed to her credit. His 
strong influence in the Democratic National 
Convention of 1852; his intimate acquain- 
tance with the southern leaders, then all 
powerful in party affairs, gained by long 
residence in Washington, and his thorough 
knowledge of the situation in all its bearings, 
gave him power which no other member of 
the New Hampshire delegation possessed, 
but for which power, intelligently and per- 
sistently exercised, success would have been 
impossible. It may justly be added that but 
for the selfishness and jealously of men close to 
General Pierce, Mr. Burke would doubtless 
have been called to the prominent position 
in his cabinet for whieh he was admirably 
qualified and to which gratitude- and good 
judgment on the part of the former, would 

23 £. 

Hon. Daniel C. Corbin 

Newport A n ?i i versa ry 

10 i 

seem to have dictated nis appointment. Had 

he thus been called it is not improbable that 
the administration of 1853—7 would have been 
more successful than it was. 

Other lawyers of the town, extemporan- 
eous with and following Mr. Burke, included 
David Allen, Austin Corbin, Samuel H. Edes 
(all natives of the town), Albert S. Wait — 
long time his partner — Levi \Y. Barton, 
Shepard L^ Bowers, W. H. H. Allen and 
others, previous to those now in practice, 
all of whom dignified the profession they 

The medical profession, also, has been well 
and honorably represented in this town, since 
the advent of the first permanent local phy- 
sician. Dr. James Corbin, the progenitor of 
the widely noted Corbin family, who came 
here from Massachusetts in 1790, previous to 
winch time, as the record lias it, women as 
nurses and midwives, had mainly ministered 
to the wants of the sick and suffering. Doctor 
Corbin's professional career, covering a period 
of more than thirty-five years, until his death 
in January, 1826, was eminently successful. 
Like most physicians of his day, as well as 
many clergymen, lie was also an extensive 
farmer. Following, and for a time cotempor- 
aneous with, Doctor Corbin, came that other 

worthy old time physician, Dr. John B. Mc- 
Gregor, representative of another notable 
family of the town, whoso venerable kinsman 
James B. McGregor, passed away last year 
at Northvilhx at the remarkable age of 10S 
years. Time doe's not permit individual men- 
tion of all the men who have honored the 
profession of medicine in this community; but 
I should be faithless to my own sense of duty 
if I failed to name the three physicians, for 
many years cotemporarles. who were in 
active practice here in my boyhood days and 
who held rank with the first in the state in 
professional skill and in public esteem — Drs. 
John L. Swett, Mason Hatch and Thomas 
Sanborn. Each had his host of special admir- 
ers and all commanded universal respect. 

The cause of education has ever been gen- 
erously fostered here. Its demands were 
recognized in the vote of the proprietors 
providing for the erection of the first building 
for public uses, which was "to be improved 
as a school house and for religious worship." 
In a few years, there were six school districts 
in town, later increased to nineteen, in most 
of which schools were maintained till the 
adoption of the town system. Strong men 
and able women had charge of those schools in 
the earlier davs, and to their sound instruc- 

Daniel C. Corbin, second son of Austin and Mary Corbin and brother of Austin Corbin 
before mentioned, was endowed in great measure with the same enterprising spirit, indomi- 
table energy and capacity for extensive operations which characterized his elder brother, 
arid which was also manifested, to some extent at least, by the younger brother,' James, of 
whom less is known, but who was long extensively engaged in business at Santa Fe, New Mexico, 
and later at Silver City, of which he was mayor, and where he died in March, 1908, at the age 
of seventy years. Daniel C. Corbin went West at the age of twenty, and was engaged three 
years in surveying land, under government contract, in Iowa and Minnesota, and was later 
■similarly occupied and in various real estate operations on the Missouri River. From 1862 
to 1864 he resided at Denver, Col., where he was largely interested in contracts for government- 
supplies, and in freight transportation from the Missouri to Denver and Salt Lake. Later he 
spent ten years at Helena, Mont., engaged in various enterprises, including banking, being 
for five years part owner and cashier of the First National Bank of that city. Returning 
East, from 1876 to 1882 he was engaged with his brother, Austin, in the Manhattan Beach Rail- 
way enterprise, and was the managing director of the company. Going West again in 1882, 
upon the discovery of silver-lead mines in the Cceur d'Alene district of Idaho, he organized 
the Cceur d'Alene Railroad and Navigation Co., placed boats on the lake and extended the line 
by rail into the mines. In 1888 he sold out to the Northern Pacific and moved to Spokane, 
Wash., where he has since resided, and has been an important factor in the growth and 
development of that enterprising city. He built the Spokane Falls and Northern Railway, 
from Spokane to the mining districts on Kootenay Lake in British Columbia, a distance of 
200 miles, with a branch to the Rossland mines at Red Mountain, and operated the same till 
1898 when he sold this also to the Northern Pacific. In 1905 he commenced the construction 
of the Spokane International Railway, connecting Spokane with the Canadian Pacific at 
Kingsgate. on the international boundary, a distance of 140 miles, completing the line in 1906, 
and operating the same as president of the company since that time. He is also engaged in 
other important enterprises, among which is the Spokane Valley Land and Water Co., with 
holdings of 6000 acres and a water supply sufficient to irrigate 18,000, of which he is president, 
as well as of the Corbin Coal and Coke Co., owning 15,000 acres of coal land in British Colum- 
bia, connected with the Canadian Pacific system. Although well advanced in life he is still 
active and vigorous in the direction of his various enterprises. 


The Granite Monthly 

tion hundreds of Newport's sons and daugh- 
ters, at home and abroad owed, no small 
measure of their success. For fifty years, or 
more, previous to the organization of Unicn 
District and the establishment of the High 
School, an Academy was maintained in town, 
occupying at first a building erected for its 
accommodation in 1819, and. later, the Bap- 
tist vestry, town hall or court house, as the 
ease might be. 

During the hundred years, from 1794. when 
Abijah Wines completed his course, till 1S94, 
thirty-three §ons of Newport, at least, were 
graduated from Dartmouth, and many from 
other colleges. Newport women, however, 

Helen Peabody 

with women everywhere, have had less oppor- 
tunity than men to secure the advantages of 
liberal education. Yet some of them suc- 
ceeded, even before the middle of the last 
century. Malvina Chapin, a graduate in the 
first class (1842) at Mt. Holyoke Seminary, 
became a pioneer in the work of carrying 
civilization to the Sandwich Islands, and 
Helen Peabody of the class of 1S48, became 
the first President of Western College, at 
Oxford, Ohio, the first distinctively '"Woman's 
College" in the United States, which position 
she held with success and honor for thirty- 
three years, declining, meanwhile, .a call to 
the first presidency of Wellesley. Many other 

Newport women, in later years, have been 
liberally, educated, and some of these, like 
Etta L. Miller, Martha M. Chellis and Georgia 
Wilcox, have rendered valuable service and 
won high reputation as teachers. 

In the literary field Newport has also been 
well at the front, and this largely through the 
work of another female pioneer, Sarah Josepha 
Hale (nee Buell) forty years editor of "'Godey's 
Lady's Book" and author and compiler of 
many volumes, whose fame would have been 
world wide even had she never written that 
immortal poem — ''Mary's Lamb." Carlos 
Wilcox, Edward A. Jenks and Willis E. Hurd 
all wrote excellent verse, and Mary Dwinell 
Chellis Lund was a fertile and pleasing writer 
of prose as well as poetry. 

Music, too. has here found its votaries and 
its interpreters. Capable teachers, excellent 
singers and fine instrumentalists have been 
in the midst, in goodly numbers. The church 
choirs have maintained a high standard, and 
for many years a successful festival was an 
annual feature in the life of the town. Here 
was born and reared America's most noted 
female organist — Marion McGregor Christo- 
pher, daughter of Dr. John B. McGregor, for 
twenty- five years organist of Broadway 
Tabernacle, New York; while two young sons 
of the town, well known and esteemed by 
many among you — Nelson P. Coffin and 
Reginald Deming — -are winning high success 
in different lines of musical art. 

The newspaper press has been incideEtally 
referred to in another connection. The Argus 
and Spectator, was the only jxiper published, 
in town for a long series of years. For almost 
forty years — from 1S40 to 1879 — after passing 
out of the hands of Mr. Burke, it was edited 
and published by those two old time printers, 
vigorous writers, stalwart Democrats and 
worthy citizens — Henry G. Carleton and 
Matthew Harvey, whose memory is still hon- 
ored by many in this community. Later it 
was published for another long term of years, 
by Hubbard A. Barton and George B. Whee- 
ler, till, some three years since it passed into 
the hands of the present proprietor, Samuel 
H. Edes, representative in the fourth gener- 
ation of a notable Newport family, still "keep- 
ing the faith" politically, and earnestly fur- 
thering the welfare of the community. No 
paper of the opposite political faith had been 
published here for any considerable length 
of time, when, in January, 1S59, the Sullivan 




Republican made its appearance, as a cham- 
pion of the Republican cause. It was printed 
by EEas H. Cheney for an association of 
Sullivan County Republicans, and continued 
two years, when it suspended and Mr. Cheney 


H. 6. Carletor 



went to Lebanon as publisher of the Free 
Press, with which he has been connected, 
either as publisher or editorial writer — for 
most part in both capacities — from that day 
to this. Twenty years later, in 1SS1, his son, 
Fred W. Cheney started the Republican 
Champion, which has been successfully con- 
tinued, under his direction, later under thai of 
Edwin C. Hitchcock, and for seven years past 
that of Olin H. Chase, as an earnest advocate 
of "stand-pat" Republicanism and an enter- 
prising purveyor of local news. Between 
these two journals the needs of this com- 
munity and the surrounding towns in this 
direction, are well met. May both live long 
and prosper ! 

Newport men have ever freely responded 
to the call of patriotism. There 3re not less 
than forty names of Newport citizens recorded 
as having rendered actual service in the war 
for independence, in many cases, however, 
before establishing their homes in the town. 
The last two surviving pensioners of that 
war in New Hampshire, in fact, were Newport 
men — Joel McGregor and Joel Kelsey. A 
goodly number, also, fought in the war of 
1812, while 240 sons of Newport, of whom 
not less than fifteen were commissioned 
officers, were enlisted in the Union cause in 
the Civil War. Here it may be added that 
the distinguished Gen. A. B. Nettleton, who 
fought with Custer in seventy battles of the 
Civil War and, later, became eminent in 
journalism and in public life, whose recent 
death has been a matter of wide comment, 
came of Newport stock, being a great grand- 

son cf Jeremiah Nettleton, and a second 
cousin of Lieut. Edward Nettleton. Newport's 
first volunteer- in the Union service. 

To the public service in civil life Newport 
has contributed one governor, of the state- — 
Ralph Metcali— and might have given 
another, had he not preferred to put the price 
then demanded for such distinction into the 
splendid free library building of which the 
people of Newport are so justly proud, and 
which will remain for generations a fitting 
monument to an enterprising citizen and 
worthy roan. One of her citizens was three 
times elected to Congress. Two native born 
sons were similarly honored — Mason W. 
Tappan, also Attorney-General cf the state, 
and Edwin O. Stanard, also Lieutenant- 
Governor of Missouri; while Ebenezer Allen 
another* native, was Attorney-General of the 
republic of Texas under President Sam Hous- 
ton, and still another— Josiah Stevens, Jr., 
was Secretary of the State. The town has 
had three representatives — Nathan Mudgett, 
Dexter Richards and Seth M. Richards — in 

I ' ''"' 

/■■"' , . *-'■"■ 

S. H. Edes 

the executive council; Benjamin Giles, Uarih 
Wilcox, David Allen, Austin Corbin, Sr., 
Jeremiah D. Nettleton, Levi W. Barton, 
George H. Fairbanks, Shepard L. Bowers, 
Dexter Richards. Seth M. Richards and John 


Hon. William J. Forsaith 

New port A nuncrsary 


B. Cooper, occupied seats jn ihe Stale Senate; 
while out of more than a hundred names c.i 
men of this town, found in the roll of mem- 
bership in the House of Representatives since 

the present government was established in 
17S3, man}- are those of men of ability and 
influence whose power for good in shaping 
legislation was most advantageously exerted. 
No Newport representative has been Speaker 
of the House; but two natives of the town — 
Samuel Metcalf Wheeler, long an eminent 
lawyer at Dover, and Harry M. Cheney, of 
Lebanon, now of Concord, who also served 
in the executive council, enjoyed that dis- 
tinction. The oldest living representative 
of the town "to the legislature — William Nourse 
was a member of the memorable House of 
1861; whose exciting session was held in the 
opening days of the Civil war — fifty years 
ago last June. So far as I know but two of his 
associates in that house — Hon. Warren F. 
Daniell of Franklin and Elijah M. Topliff of 
Manchester — are now living. 

It would be a hopeless task to attempt to 
call the names of all the sons of Newport, not 
already mentioned, letting alone the daugh- 
ters, whose careers in various fields of honor- 
able activity have been creditable to them- 
selves and their native town; but, regardless 
of the danger pf invidious distinction, some 
few of the names to which all Newport men 
and women point with pride should be 
recounted here: Rear Admiral George E. 
Belknap, for more than forty years an orna- 
ment of the American navy, skilled in sea- 
manship, daring in conflict, who honored hi s 
country's flag in ever}' sea and defended its 
starry folds mid the shot and shell of awful 
battle; in the thick of the fight at the capture 
of the Barrier Forts in Canton River in 1S5G, 

and in active service throughout the Civil 
War, participating in the relief of Fort Pick- 
ens, the capture of Fort Fisher, and as com- 
mander of the Canonicus firing and receiving 
the last hostile shots at the fall of Charleston; 
and subsequently conducting the most exten- 
sive and successful deep sea soundings in the 

William Nourse 

Pacific ocean ever made by" man. was born 
and reared in Newport. Here too was the 
birthplace of those three remarkable brothers 
each a giant in his own field of action, who 
have done more than any other three men 
born in New Hampshire to promote the 
material development of the country — Austin, 
James and Daniel C. Corbin, the last named 

, William J. Forsaith, associate justice of the Municipal Court of Boston, was born in 
Newport April 19, 1836, the son of Josiah and Maria (Southworth .) Forsaith. His father was 
for many years a prominent lawyer and business man of the town. He fitted for college at 
Kimball Union Academy, Meriden, 1850-1853; entered Amherst College in the latter year, 
remaining till 1855, then changing to Dartmouth where he graduated in 18-57, just 50 years 
after his father's graduation from the same college. He commenced the study of law in the 
office of Burke & Wait in Newport, January, 1S5S, and continued with Hon. Benjamin 
F. Hallett of Boston, the Harvard Law School and Ranney & Morse of Boston till May, 1860, 
when he was admitted to the Suffolk County bar, and began practice in Boston, where he has 
ever since resided. He was appointed a special justice of the Municipal Court of Boston in 
January, 1872, which position he held till March, 1882, when he was promoted to be one of the 
associate justices of the same court, in which capacity he has served continuously to the present 
time, with conspicuous fidelity and ability. He also held the office of trial justice for juvenile 
offenders for Suffolk County for five years, from June, 1872. Judge Forsaith married, 
October 31, 1865, Annie M., daughter of John W. Veazie of Bangor. Me., who died April 18, 
1889, leaving a son and two daughters, still living. He retains a strong interest in his native 
town, which he visits frequently, and whose people take due pride in his honorable career. 


The Granite Monthly 

of whom is still in thcinidst of vast enter- 
prises in the great "inland empire'' of the 
far Northwest of which the wonderful city 
of Spokane is the growing metropolis. Rev. 
Charles Peabody, teacher and preacher, long 
agent of the American Tract Society; Rev. 
Dr. Kendrick Met calf, professor of Latin 
and Greek and one time president of Hobart 
College; William J. Forsaith, for many years 
judge of the Municipal Court of Boston and 
still in the harness; Charles H. Chapin and 
Charles H. Woods, successful lawyers in St. 
Louis and Minneapolis respectively; Quincy 
A. Gilmore, real estate operator in Iowa; 
Henrv M. Wilmarth successful banker of 


business life of the town for a generation; 
whose strong public spirit contributed to its 
material prosperity in various directions, and 
to whose generosity it is indebted not only 
for its splendid library, but also for its elegant 
high school building. His son, Col. Seth M. 
Richards, who succeeded him in business, as 
well as in public confidence and popular 
regard, will also be long remembered by the 
people of Newport as a worthy and Loyal son 
of the good old town. 

In the last century and a half there has 
been accomplished more in the line of mater- 
ial development, intellectual progress and 
scientific achievement than in any correspond- 
ing period of the world's history, to all of 
which work, Newport men and women, at 
home and abroad, have made ample contri- 
bution. The progress of the years to come 
must be along the lines of social betterment, 
moral growth and spiritual power— the con- 
quest of greed, the subordination of mater- 
ialism and commercialism to the nobler pur- 
poses of human brotherhood; the abolition of 
war, the triumph of universal peace, the full 
completion of the Master's purpose, the 
establishment of the Kingdom of Heaven in 
the hearts of men. Let us hope that in this 
great work Newport's share will be well and 
amply done. 

I m 


Richards_Free Library 

Following the historical address, 
Mrs. Mary Hawes Wilmarth, who 
spent ten years of her early life in the 
town and was the wife of the iate 
Henry M. Wilmarth, a son of New- 
port, and a successful Chicago banker, 
was presented and gave the following 

Chicago; Frank H. Carleion, eminent attor- 
ney of Minneapolis, still in his prime; Herbert 
J. Barton, professor of Latin and Greek in the 
University of Illinois; Charles J. Emerson, 
principal of Stoneham, Mass., high school; 
Charles E. Nutting, General Superintendent 
of the Draper Company at Hopedale, Mass., 
Loren D. Towle, successful business man, of 
Boston — all these and many more should 
have special mention when we call the roll 
of Newport's worthy sons. 

This address would be incomplete if it 
failed to embody special reference to the 
Hon. "Dexter Richards, who, as merchant and 
manufacturer, was a leading factor in the 

Address of Mrs. Mary H. Wilmarth 

Under the aegis of the words "Old Home 
Day" I assume the indulgence of my audi- 
ence and the liberty of speaking familiarly 
and personally, as those of a scattered family 
do when reunited, looking backward and 
forward, recalling the past, as each knew it 
from his or her own angle of time and circum- 
stance, and reading the promise or portent 
for the future according to the vision they 
may have from their own particular coign 
of vantage. 

Those of us who have. come to this beau- 
tiful birthday party after years of absence 

Newport A n n iversary 


are stirred with conflicting emotions and 
claims for attention between the changed 
and the unchanging. From the station our 
eyes fail on the word " Welcome" like a 
message from all to all. The town is en fete. 
Draped are pillars and arches — from apex 
of roofs to foundation basement, ail is aglow 
with color. Banners of different countries 
seem to repeat the legend over one of the 
gates of Siena: "Here let no man be a stranger." 
Goldenrod lends its brilliant plumes to deco- 
ration of lawns and porches. By night, 
lights come out on the thronged streets and 
on the distant hillside shape themselves 
like a new constellation appearing in the sky. 

We are taken for drives over state roads 
embowered in trees grown to the height of 
cathedral vaultings; hills climbed of yore 
by the laborious aid of panting horses, our 
car skims with the ease of swallows. 

Along the dear back-road, beloved of lovers, 
new pines, in place of the old, give out the 
old pungent fragrance. New roads, where 
we never dreamed there would be any, are 
bordered with handsome villas, which seem 
unconscious of their newness. The old 
swimming pool in the shaded river with the 
''deep hole," which tempted little boys and 
girls beyond their depth, is deserted and the 
bathers go farther south. 

The red schoolhouses, here and there, 
which gathered from the vicinity the neigh- 
boring youth, have served their day and 
passed. One remains — a kind of memorial 
hall. Because one private citizen recognized 
the need of higher education we see the 
Richards High School building. No longer 
is it necessary for parents to send then- 
children away from home to fit for college. 
Even more than for th? High School building 
Youth and Age may unite in grateful remem- 
brance of the donor, Dexter Richards, for 
the gift of the Public Library. In this pas- 
ture those of different tastes and needs, the 
learned and the untutored, may find what 
they seek; patient teachers who do not rebuke, 
companionship which never intrudes, fellow- 
ship of the like-minded, amusement to give 
wings to the hours which might go with leaden 
feet, and counsels of perfection. 

The Newport we see today is. indeed, 
not the Newport which we remember — but 
there are the "things" that "do remain." We 
look afar to the everlasting hills and there 
round about are old Colt, Croydon Mountain, 

Asrutney and Kearsage. How can they be 
so unmoved and we so changed! Here stand 
the churches — just where they have always 
been, as far back as most of us can remem- 
ber—symbols of imperishable faiths. 

We look in young faces and say: ''How 
like your father! " or: "The tones of your 
voice are like those of your mother." We 
talk with grandparents and say "I should 
know yc>u would think thus, on that sub- 
ject." * 

So mingle our wonder and admiration for 
the new which means advance and the rever- 
ence and tenderness for the '-excellent 
which is permanent.'' 

Mrs. Mary H. Wilmarth 

Newport was my home for a decade of 
years beginning in the first half of the last 
century, fraught, with precious memories. 
They were, indeed, " happy years that fixed 
my choice" on what President Eliot calls the 
"durable satisfaction of Life." Personal 
attachments of more than life-long signifi- 
cance; the closest of "the ties that bind" 
leaving as inheritance a legacy of affection 
in younger hearts, which encompasses and 
irradiates these days for me. Here were 
opportunities which left no excuse for saying 
"If I had but had"— this or that chance — 
"I would have been more and done better.' - ' 
If there was little of Art here, there was the 

ste '/ 

Col. Seth M. Richards 

JSfe ivport A a n iversary 


glory of Nature to mak^ the appeal to the 

love oi beauty. Here were hooks ami leisure 
to enjoy them. Although there was dearth 
of public libraries there were book lovers 
and owners who were generous lenders. 
Governor Met calf used to say " any one 
who wanted them" might borrow his books, 
only if they did not return one volume of a 
series he wished they would come and take 
the remaining ones. There were teachers 
who furnished stimulus and direction to their 
pupils, pastors who shepherded their flocks 
with devotion. Among my teachers was the 
late Hon. Levi W. Barton, and during one 
winter the Rev. Mr. Cummings led me 
through the Eclogues of Virgil. I remember 
how it thrilled me— when he showed me 
the passages in the fourth Eclogue from which 
it was thought the Pagan poet had inwrought 
a prophecy of the coming of the Messiah. 
I by no means undervalue the privileges 
enjoyed in one of the red schoolhouses with 
an adored teacher who communicated her 
love of Wordsworth, and her interest in his- 

There was — here still remains — a friend, 
who, for me, set the Earth, and all that on 
it is, in a new relation to the Universe by what 
she said of astronomy. Here was — here 
is today — having come hither for this reunion 
with her children and children's children — the 
first poet I ever knew whose fancies, serious 
and playful, took form in rhyme and rhythm; 
whose tender consolations were offered in 
a chalice of verse, as her blessed father's 
were in prayer and visitation. 

1 called rav astronomer Frank Carr, mv 

poet, Martha Chapin. They bear other 
names today, those of their successful wooers 
— Porter Claggett and Daniel Wilcox. 

Here was my story teller, who could always 
make the story as long as the road we Walked; 
another who knew the flowers of the field 
and the ferns of the wood and where to look 
for the maple tree which put out the branch 
that would first turn scarlet and herald the 
advancing autumn. Here was a cartoonist 
who could tell his stoiy with facile pen equal 
to the best of them today; he was as willing 
to do it for watching children as for the public 
press. These names are coined on marble 
headstones now— their memories as indel- 
ibly on the hearts of those whom they glad- 
dened as they passed along. 

Except from books I never heard of a de- 
pendent poor family nearer than the Sandwich 
Islands, nor of a criminal nearer than — Boston 
— (with apologies to Boston be it said) nor 
of a delinquent child, not even of a truant. 
Errands of mercy were confined to those 
who were ill or bereaved. 

In one humble home of three grown people 
two childless women added to the slender 
resources of a small farm by weaving on a 
hand loom, which was a wonder. Their 
house was half way between the homes of a 
group of five boys and the school to which 
they daily trudged on foot unless by happy 
chance they caught a ride. When winter 
afternoons were specially cold and bitter or 
wet and sleety those boys knew a big fire 
and warm welcome would be waiting for them 
in that home and not unlikely a big pan 
of doughnuts. Even the cat here had 

Seth M. Richards, eldest son of Dexter and Louisa (Hatch) Richards, was born in New- 
port June 6, ISoO, and died September 26, 1910. Colonel Richards was educated in the public 
schools, and at Kimball Union and Phillips Andover Academies, and, after a short term of serv- 
ice in a whole-ale mercantile establishment in Boston, became associated with his father in the 
proprietorship and operation of the Sugar River Mills, of which he was, later, for many years, 
the manager. He also succeeded lii-> father in his banking, railroad and other activities, serv- 
ing many years as president of the First National Bank, as trustee of the Newport Sayings 
Bank, and as a director in the Northern and Connecticut River Railroads. He was also president 
of the Newport Electric Light Co., and of the Newport Improvement Co. Colonel Richards 
was active in politics and public life, serving his town first as treasurer, and subsequently as a 
representative in the legislature of 1SS5. In 1887 ho was appointed an aide on the staff of 
Gov. Charles H. Sawyer. In 1897 he represented the Seventh District in the state senate; in 
1900 he was chosen a presidential elector on the Republican ticket, and was a member of 
the executive council in 1903-04, As was the case with his father, he held high rank among the 
enterprising business men of the state, and, in public spirit and devotion to the welfare of his 
native town, was surpassed by no man. He married, October 9, IS/ 8, Lizzie, daughter of 
Oliver Earnsworth of Boston, a granddaughter of Dea. Joseph Farnsworth of Newport, who 
survives him, with three daughters — Edith J., Louisa Frances, wife of D. Sidney Rollins, of 
Newport, and Margaret Elizabeth, who is now traveling abroad. Some years before his 
decease Colonel Richards erected a spacious and elegant residence on North Main Street, 
Newport, facing the Common, which is occupied by the family. 


The Granite Monthly 

her own door which she emild open at will 
and go in and out as she pleased. 

The only charitable organization was the 
sewing society, where t he ladies made garments 
for the foreign missionaries, and occasionally 
gentlemen came for supper and remained 
for a social evening. If it was sometimes 
suspected, and often true, that some went 
for the afternoon sewing that they might 
be in for the social evening, was it not natural? 
There were other occasions,, with no pretence 
of charity, where mutual attractions had 
opportunities to develop. There were sleigh- 
ing parties and coasting parties, and once— 
a ball. I remember only one. I have seen 
others since but none where men seemed to 
me more gallant or ladies more gay, or music 
more dance-compelling. There were parties 
for sugaring oft in the Bascom's maple grove; 
late snow lingering on the ground; April 
.skies sunny, — hot, the boiling syrup turned 
on snow, crystalling crisp and clear into 
candy. I remember no dawning of the ques- 
tion of the relations between labor and 
capital except such as took the form of won- 
dering where to find hands to hire when 
the hay was ready xo cut or the grain to 
bar vest. Everybody wanted hands at the 
.same time — and there was no bureau of dis- 
tribution of labor to forecast when and 
"where the laborer should find bis market 

There were no Social Problems talked 
about, or recognized as such. Perhaps it 
was because recognition was lacking. 

Personal retrospection, even with the 
oldest of us, does not reach half way back 
to the Charter Da}- we celebrate, or to 
the coming of those first families whose 
descendants keep in evidence their names 
among those "honorably mentioned." "What 
our sires have told us projects little farther 
back. Beyond that we must ask the histo- 
rian, who. like the able speaker of the day, 
by patient research and care in silting evi- 
dence, reconstructs the past and sets it in the 
focus of his search light. 

If we would set the Charter Day of Newport 
^contemporaneously with other events' on the 
page of history we find it was a century and 
a half after the Pilgrim Fathers landed on 
Plymouth Rock, that those pioneers who 
-followed the blazed trail kept their Sabbath 
under a tree on yonder hill their first recorded 
act. Kilingworth, from whence thev came, 

was the home of Yale College before the 
college was permanently established in New 
Haven. Yale College was the mother of 
Congregationalism, that republican form of 
church government which quite fitted in 
with the political ideas 'of those who wished to 
substitute the authority of the community 
for that of the individual. It is easy to see 
that the leaven of Congregationalism came 
to town with the first settlers. 

In 17(31, the charter year of Newport, 
Louis XV in France was supporting his shame- 
less extravagance by grievous taxation of 
his oppressed people, driving them straight 
to revolution, that after him must come 
wreck and ruin. In the mother country our 
Sovereign Lord, King George the Third, 
had but begun his long reign of sixty years— 
which for him were to end in madness after 
losing the greatest of England's colonial 
possessions. Willful, obstinate, headstrong, 
he would not listen to the voice of his people 
nor to the arguments of his wisest advisers. 
The Colonists were insistently declaring 
their ultimatum. " No taxation without 
representation! " Is it not remarkable 
that, seeing so clearly the principle for which 
they "fought, bled and died" the founders 
of the Republic should not have established 
it ineradicably in their form of government? 
Strange that so few of the states as yet adopt 
the principle in practice and that many legis- 
lators oppose it? " What sought " — what 
brought " they thus afar," those intrepid 
spirits who first made homes and found com- 
munity of interest in this pleasant valley? 
Was it the lure of the. wilderness to which 
many hearken though they walk the city 
streets? Was it the love of the primeval? 
New lands to subdue, cultivate and own? We 
know they must have been endowed with 
energy, fortitude and ingenuity, must have 
been confident of their own resources, 
ready to meet hardships, obstacles and emer- 

With the conveniences to which we have 
become habituated it seems unendurable pri- 
vation to be where tree must be hewn before 
shelter can be insured to protect from cold 
and storm, to be shut off from immediate 
communication with the larger world — with- 
out telephones or steamships. (It had been 
conclusively proven to the satisfaction of 
those who made the argument that no vessel 
could ever carrv coal enough to take itself 

Newport A n niversa ry 


across the ocean.) v£e are almost ready 
to count airships among our necessities — 
so convenient they will be as thoroughfares 
grow more crowded! Such an advani age over 
the enemy in time of war! Politicians tell 
us the best prevention for war is to be ready 
for it. We are not all convinced yet neverthe- 

In complacency with which we contrast 
the ''Then and Now" and the achievements 
of the last one hundred and fifty years, let 
us not overlook the much in common between 
ourselves and the pioneers we commemorate. 
Let us remember that what we still call our 
best in literature was theirs also. All the 
Hebrew, Greek and Latin that we cherish 

deport those who are likely to become a men- 
ace. Our ancestors were themselves the 
immigrants whom the Indians, if they had 
had foresight, might for the sake of their 
own race have wished to deport. 

We may well be challenged and asked: 
With all the modern inventions whereby 
we can circle the world as quickly as Puck 
could put a girdle around it, what have we 
done to bring separated nations to terms 
of Love, Joy and Peace with each other? 
What has been accomplished that men may 
live better in better homes? We must bear 
the self-accusation of admitting that labor 
does not yet receive the minimum- wage 
which allows the masses to live in self-respect- 

..y.™,. ¥ . 

x -'.■ • J . . - /*■ 
': '-■•'. ' \* J' f* 

jA •> .:" 

_■ . 

Richards High School 

and pass on to our children — which includes 
all we call our Sacred Scriptures; the "wells 
of English undenled, " Chaucer, Shakespeare, 
Milton, Pope, Steele; Defoe's immortal Rob- 
inson ' Crusoe. Bunyan's Pilgrims Progress, 
the Wosleys and Whitefield, men of Oxford 
learning and impassioned piety; Watts to 
write the hymns they sung and we repeat, 
and many, many more. 

Is ours all the gain? They had slavery. 
We have abolished it ; at least we no longer 
buy and sell negroes but we have not yet 
given them a fair chance. They had iso- 
lation and loneliness, we have slums, and 
crowded tenement houses, built so high 
arid close together that air and sunlight 
cannot find their way in to the lowest stories. 
We look askance at immigrants and hurriedly 

ing decency, to have the leisure for minis- 
tering to or enjoying other than physical 
needs. We still have little children working 
day and night in mills becatise new inventions 
of machinery enable the children to put 
their deftness in the place of mature strength. 
Still, little children disport themselves upon 
the theatrical stage, wasting their youth that 
their winning graces may amuse the tired 
business man, as weary at the end of a long 
di>y in his counting room with dictating and 
telephoning and managing as men were afore- 
time who followed the plough and drove oxen. 
We are to draw our hope today not so much 
from where we find ourselves as from the 
direction in which we are facing, and the 
leadership we are following. 

We of the twentieth century are giving 


The Granite Monthly 

supremacy to science, as >they of the eight- 
eenth did not. The early "colleges of New 
England had no place for it in their cur- 
ricula. We have used the accumulation of 
scientific conclusions for the revolution of 
industrial methods. We are going to widen 
the field for its application, and learn from 
laboratory experiments how to prevent 
the inception of epidemics which those who 
preceded us bore in humble patience as a 
dispensation of Providence. Statistics are 
proving the waste of war. Social science 
points the way to social reform. We are 
learning that it is dangerous to act without 
knowing — and immoral to know without 
acting on what we do know. That way lies 
atrophy for the moral sentiments. 

All the agencies which act for bringing 
men more quickly into communication are 
so many conduits for extending the last 
discoveries of what makes for good. When 
we. have learned what these are, let us adopt 
them with the strength of purpose, the moral 
courage, the fidelity. to conscience, the applica- 
tion of theory to practice, which were the 
fundamental characteristics of the founders 
of Newport. 

Frank 0. Chellis, Esq., a prominent 
Newport lawyer, was introduced as 
the next speaker. He said: 

my time, the audience always greets me with 
a smile. 

During the past weeks 1 have heard some of 
our townspeople remark that they thought it 
very foolish to spend so much time, energy 
and money in preparing for this celebration. 
But is there a Newport man or woman within 
the sound of my voice, who. after seeing and 
hearing what has occurred even up to the pres- 
ent time, now feels that we have been too lav- 
ish with our money or too free and liberal with 
our labor and energy? Indeed, who is there 
among us whose heart does not beat with 
pride as he hears the words of commendation 

Speech of F. O. Chellis 

Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

I was about to quench my thirst (holding a 
glass of water in his hand) with this pure 
water, but no joy or privilege shall be mine 
this day which is not yours. If each of you 
held a glass of this water in your hands we 
would drink to each other's future health and 
happiness. As it is we will simply look upon 
it and wish each other every joy and success 
that life can bring; pledge ourselves anew to 
all those we love and honor, and consecrate 
our lives to all that is good and true in this 
beautiful world that God has dedicated and 
consecrated to all his children. 

There is always one occasion when I wish I 
were a woman, and that is when I am called 
upon to make a "five minute speech"; for we 
all will admit that the average woman can say 
more in five minutes than the average man can 
say in half an hour. There is this compensa- 
tion, however, when such a limit is placed on 

Frank O. Chellis 

and praise that come to us on every hand from 
relatives, old friends and acquaintances, and 
even strangers who have come to enjoy that 
generous hospitality and that royal welcome 
that we have all made such efforts to. give 

We certainly have no regrets for our labors 
and we rejoice because everyone seems to fully 
appreciate what we have done. 

I believe the success of this celebration is 
typical of the success that has come to the 
people of Newport, as individuals and as a 
community, through all the years that are 
past. The men of this town have generally 
been prosperous and successful because they 
have been men of push and hustle. The 

Newport A n n iversary 


town has prospered Localise as a community 
i\ has possessed this same spirit and energy, 

and the one great lesson that we would draw 
(torn the occasion is, that all success, all 
power, and all eminence is attained only by 
hard, earnest, persistent effort. 

" The heights of grea T , men reached and kept 
Were not attained by sudden Sight, 
But they, while their companions slept. 
Were toiling upwards in the night." 

Every evening of his perilous journey across 
the pathless ocean, Columbus is said to have 
written in his journal these simple but sublime 
words, " This day we sailed westward, which 
was our course." 

When the Alps ^ood in the way of Napo- 
leon, he declared, "There shall be no Alps! " 
and he built a road over those mountain 

This is the spirit and energy, I say, that has 
characterized the men and women of Newport. 
It has transformed this land from a wilderness 
to a community that enjoys all the comforts 
and blessings of modern civilization; it has 
planted along the banks of this stream the 
mills and factories that contribute so much to 
our material prosperity; it has erected the sub- 
stantial business blocks and hotels that so well 
mark our thrift and industry, and which are 
the admiration of all strangers; it has raised 
the splendid school houses, church edifices, 
public library, town hall and the other 
public buildings; it has built the elegant resi- 
dences of the wealthy and the neat and 
comfortable cottages of the laboring people, 
which adorn all our streets and render New- 
port one of the most beautiful villages in New 

It has laid out and beautified our public 
parks and pleasure grounds, and this reminds 
me that on this day, on this very spot, along 
the banks of this stream where Eastman, the 
hunter and trapper, came, and who, the his- 
torian tells us was the first white man to be- 
hold the beauty and loveliness of this valley, 
that same spirit, energy and far-sightedness is 
laying the foundation of an institution, which, 
in my judgment, is destined to make New- 
port famous far beyond the limits of our own 

I need not tell you that this institution is 
none other than Newport's new Recreation 
Park and Playground. And what an auspi- 
cious occasion for the dedication and conse- 

cration of an institution of this character! 

Here is where Newport's future life, energy, 
health and happiness is to be conserved and 
preserved; here is where childhood is to frolic 
and play in sunshine and joy; here is where 
youth is to grow strong and manly in the 
engagement of innocent sports and pastimes; 
here is where manhood is to gain respite from 
toil and labor in diversions that bring joy and 
happiness, and here is where the aged are to 
find rest in witnessing the pleasures of youth. 

Let us then build it in a manner worthy of 
its high purposes; beautify and adorn it with 
what is beautiful in nature and art, and, above 
all, let us throw around it every safeguard 
essential to its highest success, and then, so 
long as this stream shall carry the waters of 
the lake to the Connecticut and old Croydon 
shall lift her crowned head into the blue of the 
heavens, so long will our children and our 
children's children rise up and call us blessed. 

Rev. George F. Chapin of Saxton's 
River, Vt., born in. Newport May 26, 
1S36, a son of the late Dea. David 
B. and Zeroiah (Farnsworth) Chapin 
educated at Kimball Union Academy 
and Amherst College (class of I860), 
was next introduced, and spoke sub- 
stantially as follows: 

Remarks of Rev. George F. Chapin 

Mr. President, and Friends of Newport; 

I esteem it a great honor, as a son of New- 
port, to share in this celebration. 

Last evening on the streets the throngs 
of people gave expression to their excess 
of joy in a wild tumult of noise. My blood 
thrilled as 1 listened to the jubilation of 
the bells. I said to myself that is good. 
Let the people shout for joy. 

Today, in more thoughtful mood, we 
recall the lives and deeds of the fathers. 

The historian has most fittingly mentioned 
the fact that the first comers into this valley 
gave their first Sabbath to the worship of 
God. A still more impressive statement 
has been made, which I believe to be true, 
that no Sabbath in all the one hundred 
and fifty years has passed without public 
worship. These facts are worthy of mention. 

In the early days the people earned their 
bread in the sweat of the brow. As compared 
with the present the people of that early 


The Granite Monthly 

time were poor: There **vas small margin 
between the income and outgo. It demanded 

economy and earnest toil on the part of 

parents to support and educate their families. 

That these men and women of almost 

On the faces before me, I sec such a light.. 
In the voices around me, last night, I heard 
merriment. Why should you not be joyous? 
The one hundred and fifty years of your his- 
tory have been years of achievement. The 
spirit that brought your ancestors up through 
the wilderness has been transmitted to you, 
their descendants. 

How nobly did those men of old respond to 
their country's call in the Revolutionary War! 
By their aid was fought the Battle of Saratoga, 
one of the fifteen decisive battles of the world. 
And why decisive? With that victory was 
born the Independence of the United States of 
America! A band of women many times 
larger than our standing army is a living mon- 
ument to their heroism. 

Again, in the great civil strife, Newport's, 
men rushed to battle, with the solid north. 
The Union was preserved . They need no mon- 
ument to perpetuate their heroic deeds for 
they are writ in blood. 

War is an incident of the past with us but 
we have problems before us that require as 
stout a heart and as firm a hand as those 
battles of old. 


Rev. George F. Cfaapin 

a century ago should build the old South 
Church — still the ornament and pride of 
this village — stands a noble monument 
to their reverence for God and to their devo- 
tion to His worship and service. 

It would seem most appropriate that 
these Christian ideals, so finely character- 
istic of that former generation, should find 
their renewed and enlarged expression in 
the lives of the men and women of today. 

"Lest we forget!'' 

I thank you again for this great privilege. 

Airs. Mary M. Sibley, of the Board 
of Education, and a leading; member 
of the Newport Woman's Club, was 
the next speaker. She said: 

Address of Mrs. Mary M. Sibley 

Robert J. Ingersoll once said, '"When you 
go home, go like a ray of light , so that , even in 
the night, it will burst through the doors and 
windows and illuminate the darkness." 


Mrs. Mary M. Sibley 

Let every one during this celebration pro- 
claim with a loud voice the noble deeds of 
those men and women of old who made it pos- 
sible for us to enjoy these beautiful vales, the 
the shining waters, the glorious hills and 

Xe wport A n n ice rsa ry 


mountains of this 0< 
on nil the earth! 

[-given land, the fairest 

Rev. Sheridan Watson Bell, a Meth- 
odist clefgyihan of Cincinnati, 0., 

whose wife is a daughter of John 
Gunnison, a prominent Newport citi- 
zen, and who spends his vacations 
here, was next called upon by the 
president. He responded as follows: 

Address of Rev. Sheridan W. Bell 

Mr. Chairman: 

I was not born in Newport nor lias it ever 
been my home. 1 did not enter this partic- 
ular sheep fold by either of these doors but 
climbed up some other way and own myself 
a thief and a robber. I am a cavalier and an 

This day belongs so entirely to those natives 
of this town that I should hesitate to use 
the minute allotted if it did not carry the 
privilege of representing a considerable num- 
ber of men who like myself first learned in 
this town that fear of a woman which is the 
beginning of discretion. Every man of us 
will say. "Here I found and married the 
sweetest woman in the world." 

I remember hearing Hon. George A. Sheri- 
dan say that while once on a speaking tour 
in the South he was entertained at the home 
of the grandfather of all the Sheridans and 
being proud of the family name he thought 
he could trace his ancestry a little, but he 
had not read far into the big book before 
he found that seven of his ancestors had been 
hanged for treason in the great Rebellion and 
he stopped looking. 

The adopted sons of Newport, have pre- 
ferred to be ignorant of any gruesome mys- 
teries that might be hidden in the ancestral 
records, and have been content to accept 
your assurances of royal lineage and the 
highly honorable character of their ancestral 
inheritances. And we realize how amazing 
our good fortune has been as we listen to 
this recital of honorable deeds and the roll 
of great and good people. The past is cer- 
tainly secure, but we have had neither part 
nor lot in it. With its future, however, we 
are involved and we want to do our part. 
Our one word then concerns that future. 

Mighty changes are taking place in the 
life of our great country. Mightier than 

we perhaps realize. Some of the foundations 
are being moved. Things upon which many 
in an earlier generation depended are swept 
away. The passion of our time for reality 
is forcing new standards upon us, A new 
aristocracy is forming. It is the aristocracy 
of effective people. There is little respect 
for blood, no matter how blue, if it runs 
foul. The aristocracy of the dollar is waning. 
That of culture demands a serviceable 
ideal. Inheritances are not to rest upon, 
but build upon. It is not enough that some 
one of the name we bear lived and wrought 
well in his day. Our time demands that 
one must have worth in himself and win 
his own standing ground. 

When Theodore Parker made his first visit 
to Cincinnati he said he made a great dis- 
covery — that while the aristocracy of Cin- 
cinnati was unquestionably founded upon 
pork it made a great difference whether, a 
man killed pigs himself or whether his father 
had killed them. The first was Plebian 
the second Patrician. It was the difference, 
Parker said, between the "stickuins" and the 
"stuckums" and his sympathy was with 
the present tense. 

Our age sympathizes with the present tense. 

These changes effect our social order. 
At heart they are economic but they involve 
our political as well as our industrial life. 
Today's Boston Herald refers to the fact 
that Lafollette sits in Fives' chair and com- 
ments upon it as a sign of the change that 
has taken place in the Senate. It is wider 
than the Senate. It is a national movement, 
neither sectional, partisan nor factional. 
We may not like it, but it is coming in like 
the tide. And it ought to be no small pride 
to the people of New Hampshire that the 
industrial energy and patriotism that here 
overflowed and gave themselves to the build- 
ing of mightier empires than that from which 
they went forth, are now beating their way 
back. Eastward the star of democracy 
takes it way. Two great and seemingly 
opposed principles that are fundamental to 
a republican form of goverment are work- 
ing together as never before — the concen- 
tration of responsibility in administration 
and the recommitment of power to the 
hands of the people. To guide these move- 
ments that aim at the larger socializing of 
our order, and the preservation of the prin- 
ciple of essential democracy, will require 

The Granite Monthly 

courage and patriotic wisdom equal to the 
best that our fathers showed. It is our 
spirit and our ability to read the signs of the 
time that is challenged. It is for the present 
generation to say whether the principles 
that under girded and made possible all we 
celebrate today are vital and powerful still 
and represent the majesty of its will. 

Following Mr. Bell, Frank C. 
Crowell, a native of Newport, long 
resident in California, was introduced 
as the one who had come farthest of 
all to attend the celebration. He 
expressed his heartfelt pleasure in 
being able to visit again the scenes of 
his boyhood life, and to renew old 
associations. He had already found 
over forty of his old schoolmates, he 
said, and had arranged for a reunion 
thi,e following morning (which was 
held) and closed with a hearty invi- 
tation to all to visit the Pacific Coast 
on the occasion of the great Panama 
Exposition of 1915, at the "Golden 

Rev. John H. Blackburn, pastor of 
the Baptist Church of Newport, was 
the next speaker. He said: 

Address of Rev. J. K. Blackburn 

Mr ; Chairman, Fellow Townsmen, and Friends: 
On this historic occasion I am pleased, as 
the senior Protestant pastor of the town, and 
the pastor of the senior church of the town, to 
bring you a word of hearty greeting. It is 
peculiarly fitting that in the celebration of our 
one hundred and fiftieth anniversary the 
religious institutions of the town should be 
heard from, for the founders and forefathers 
of our town were devoutly religious, and, if 
we may judge from the number and variety of 
religious organizations that have been at work 
in the town down through the years, their 
descendants have also been men and women of 
religious faith and devotion. The first settlers 
were Congregationalists, who, arriving on 
Sunday, hallowed the day and the place by 
meeting for worship out under the green trees 
and the blue skies. From that first Sunday 
down to the present no Sunday has passed 
without the observance of religious worship. 
Four years after the arrival of the little group 
of Congregationalists, a company of Baptists 
settled in the northern part of the town. These 

latter were the Curst to organize a church, 
although not the first to hold religious meet- 
ings. The Baptist Church of Newport and 
Croydon was organized in May, 1770, and was 
followed by the organization of the Congre- 
gational Church of Newport in October of the 
same year. Thus for 13*2 years these two 
churches have ministered to the people of this 
good old town. Other churches have come in 
later to assist in meeting the religious need of 
the people, so that we may safely say that 
Newport religiously has not been neglected. 

It is not only fitting, moreover, that the 
religious institutions of the town should be 
heard from in connection with this celebration 
because the people of Newport have always 
been religious, but also because there is a close 
affinity between religion and much that this 
celebration stands for. We are celebrating 
not only our one hundred and fiftieth anniv- 
ersary, but also observing our Old Home Week ; 
and are seeking not only to recount our ma- 
terial progress and prosperity, but also to 
strengthen the ties that bind us together in 
helpful association, and to deepen the spirit of 
public and neighborly interest that goes a 
long way toward making life in the commun- 
ity glad and wholesome. 

With such aims and endeavors as these the 
church is in close sympathy. These after all 
are the things that are most worth while. 
And in common with numerous other organi- 
zations and agencies the church is trying to 
make a larger place in life for these very things. 
This is not all that the church works for, it has 
in addition to this a unique ministry, but here 
it finds a basis for cooperation with a variety 
of agencies which are seeking to enrich life. 
We commend to you who are gathered here 
for the present celebration the cultivation of 
those kindlier qualities, those fraternal and 
neighborly feelings, those sentiments of love 
and loyalty to birthplace, early associations, 
and relationships which the observances and 
exercises of these days are well calculated to 
strengthen and develop. Our celebration shall, 
indeed, be fruitful if we come out of it stronger 
in these qualities. 

Rev. James Alexander of Boston, 
a former pastor of the Congregational 
Church, was next introduced and spoke 
briefly, voicing his satisfaction in 
being able to participate in the festiv- 
ities of the occasion, and indulging in 

Ne wport A n n iversary 

pleasant reniiniscenc^s of the days 
of his ministry in tow*. 

Mr, Franklin P. Howell, long prom- 
inent in public and mercantile affairs 
in town, was called up, as one from 
whom a word was necessary to make 
the day's programme complete. His 
remarks in full are not available, but 
his text was "Love" — love to God 
and our fellow men, which alone, he 
contended, shall be able to solve the 
great questions that are now before 
us for settlement. Cherishing this 
sentiment of love, we should also be 


F. P. Rowell 

moved by the spirit of gratitude to 
the Almighty for all his mercies 
bestowed upon us. Finally he ex- 
pressed the hope that before another 
celebration of this kind is held in 
town, the good Christian people in 
its midst will unitedly see to it that 
the saloon, the greatest curse of any 
community, is driven out forever. 
''Love for old Newport; love to God 
and our fellowrnen should be our 
watchword as we go from this place, " 
he repeated in closing. 

Judge J. M. Barton was the last 

Judge Barton's Address 

Mr. Chairman: 

It is especially gratifying to be afforded 
such an occasion as the present on which 

to enter iny protest to the cheap talk that has 
been spread broadcast throughout the coun- 
try to the effect that the present population 
of New Hampshire is a race of degenerates. 

A few years since, Colliers Weekly, whose 
editor has a summer home in the Cornish 
Colony, contained an article written for polit- 
ical purposes, which offered the following in 
explanation of the ignorance and servility 
then existing in the Granite State: ''Years ago 
the brain and brawn of Xew Hampshire 
migrated to Massachusetts and the West, and 
the weaklings who remained have inter- 

With the sentiment of these lines for a text, 
a representative of tire Cornish Colony trav- 
eled North, South, East and West telling the 
really good, bright, intelligent people of Amer- 
ica what stupidity and ignorance prevailed in 
our fair state, and with what splendid, unsel- 
fish purpose and high resolve, he had under- 
taken the Herculean task of our regeneration. 
Of course those of us who really lived in Xew 
Hampshire and knew the slanderous character 
of this attack lost little sleep over it, but those 
of 3 r ou who lived far away were not a little 
disturbed by these words of alarm, sounded in 
your ears in the manner above described. 
Some of you went so far as to write home 
inquiring if it were really true, what you had 
been reading in the speeches and interviews 
emanating from the summer colony at Cornish. 
This celebration of our one hundred and fif- 
tieth birthday must certainly free your minds 
from any and all misgivings, which till now 
may have annoyed you, in regard to the 
intellectual and moral condition of the tax- 
payers in Xew Hampshire who do not live in 
the state for style or recreation only; for it 
speaks eloquently of our commerce, manu- 
factures, art, education and religion, and tells 
you that our hospitality stops not short of 
extravagance, and that our good will and cheer 

Let me charge you, as you love your birth- 
right and these hills among which as boy and 
girl you ran and played, cover all America 
with a story told with tongues of fire, that 
shall consume these false reports and permit 
New Hampshire to stand forth in the front 


The Granite Monthly 

rank with her sisters, as she has long since 
been entitled to, with i\oi a cloud of suspicion 
on her fair name. 

I can not close without mentioning the 
name of a family which for years has been 
inseparably bound up in the welfare of New- 
port. You know before I speak the name 
that it is Richards. 

Hon. Dexter Richards gave us our library 
and endowed it so that it can never cost 
the town a dollar; he gave us our high 
school building which is a model in appoint- 
ment; and his benefactions in a hundred ways 
that survive his decease will continue bless- 

whether for sport or business ever asked in 
vain for his assistance. The poor always 
found in him the good Samaritan. His name 
and memory will live for generations as an 
inspiration to manliness and right living. 

But not complete would be the remarks on 
this occasion, if no mention were made of the 
munificence of Mrs. Seth M. Richards, who is so 
generously carrying out the work of her late 
husband. She has provided the play grounds 
on which we are assembled, in the development 
of which, as outlined by a previous speaker, 
the people of Newport, young and old alike, 
will secure advantages never dreamed of by 
you and me in our childhood. What a splen- 
did undertaking on the part of Mrs. Richards 
and how worthy it is of the influence in which 
her life has been cast! 



Hon. Jesse M. Barton 

ings to the citizens of Newport for years to 

Hon. Seth M. Richards was a worthy son, 
and in many ways excelled his father in 
munificence. He had a most delightful per- 
sonality and bound men to him with bands of 
steel. He was too big a man to harbor grudges 
against any one, yet he fairly loathed those 
characteristics which make the carper and the 
w'hiner. He loved Newport almost as dearly 
as life itself, and never ceased to devise ways 
and means to make the town a more attractive 
place in which to live. It is scarcely too much 
to say that for years before his death he alone 
kept Newport on the map. No enterprise 

The programme of the afternoon 
was brought to an end by a charming 
vocal solo by Miss S. Annie Davis, 
teacher of music in the public schools 
of Lynn, Mass., Mrs. Herbert F. 
Barry acting as accompanist. Miss 
Davis is a native of Newport and a 
graduate of its high school, as well 
as of the Salem (Mass.) Normal 
School, the American Institute of 
Normal Methods and the New Eng- 
land Conservatory of Music. 

The special feature arranged for 
the entertainment of the people 
Tuesday evening was a vaudeville 
exhibition in the big tent, free to 
all. the same being presented by the 
famous Billy B. Van and the Beau- 
mont Sisters, reinforced by other 
talent, which, notwithstanding a 
drizzling rain which somewhat 
marred the pleasure of the occasion, 
was attended by a crowd that packed 
the tent to its full capacity. 

On Wednesday morning occurred 
the grand automobile parade, about 
fifty cars in all being in line in two 
sections, the first including touring 
cars and the second runabouts, 
Fred Garnash being chairman of 
the committee in charge and leading 
the parade which passed up Sunapee 
Street, down Cheney and Grove, 
back to Main and thence to the 
playground. In the first class the 

Newport A n n ire rsary 

first prize for the -most artistically 
decorated car, w3s awarded to 
Harry W. Kendall. The second 
prize in this class went to Lyman 
L. Barker. In the second class 
L. G. Ross was accorded first prize 
and Samuel H. Edes second. More 
than three fourths of the entire 
number of cars were decorated, many 
of them most elaborately and the 
parade, as a whole, was a most 
pleasing and brilliant affair. 

The afternoon programme of "Wed- 
nesday covered a wide variety of 
athletic sports on the playground 
with many spirited contests and 
ample prizes, the Sullivan County 
Y. M. C. A. having general direction. 
A baseball match between the New- 
port and New London teams, won 
by the former in a score of 6 to 5, 
rounded out the programme. 

Concerts by both the Newport 
and Bellows Falls bands were enjoyed 
from 7 to 8 o'clock in the evening, 
and the festivities closed with a 
dance in the big tent, participated 
in by as many as the broad floor 
space admitted and continuing until 
midnight, music being furnished by 
Wheeler's Orchestra of Bellows Falls. 

It is safe to say that the net result 
of this three days* celebration by the 
town of Newport of the one hundred 
and fiftieth anniversary of its charter 
and the twelfth annual recurrence of 
" Old Home Week " in New Hamp- 
shire, was a complete success. It was 
a demonstration of genuine public 

spirit never surpassed by any town 
of its size in New Hampshire or any 
other state. Practically the entire 
population, not only of the village 
but of the surrounding rural district.-, 
worked heartily together for the 
success of the affair, and all may 
well take pride therein. It cost 
much in time and money, and if 
the former were reckoned in dollars 
and cents at ordinary day wages, 
810,000 would be a low figure for 
the actual expenditure. And yet 
for advertising purposes alone, no 
better investment could have been 
made. A great proportion of the 
people of Sullivan County and hun- 
dreds from other sections of the 
state, aside from the many returning 
sons and daughters of the town 
from ail parts of the country, were in 
attendance at one time or another, 
if not during the entire celebration, 
and the hearty welcome and generous 
hospitality with which they were 
greeted will not soon be forgotten; 
and what is held in memory to the 
credit of a town, as of an individual, 
is held to its lasting advantage. 
The town of Newport occupies a 
prouder position on the map of 
New Hampshire today than ever 

Note. — The publisher is under obligations to Olin II . 
Chase and Samuel H. Edes for courtesies extended in 
making the illustration of this article. In the prepara- 
tion cf the historical address frequent reference was 
had to the history of Newport by Col. Edmund 
Wheeler, and J. W. Parmelee's historical sketch of the 
town in the Sullivan County history. 


By Georgia no Rogers 

If you want a friend, be one, 

That is straight common <ense — 

Be true to yourself and your friendships 
And not always astride of the fence. 



By James Riley 

Who holds the golden scales and weighs, 

His country's finer thought. 
And gives uncertainty its praise, 

Lives in the jewel wrought. 

So lived this man to ripened end, 

Truth's conscientious part; 
And Kindness with him walked to lend, 

Her cheer to many a heart. - - 

His East and West was one long scroll! 

A watchfulness for Dream! 
Correcting untried pens that Soul 

Might onward live and gleam. 

He was the watcher from the tower, 

That saw what passes thought; 
The tale that slowly comes to flower, 

The poem all unsought. 

The gold found mid the scatterings, 

He'pointed out to him 
Who heard within the song that sings, 

But outward formed the dim. 

There watching for Creation's line, 

He lifted high the mark; 
The promise of the undelved mine, 

In stone that gave the spark. 

God's bounded whole! His earth, wave, blue! 

The line that blends to line; 
Was all he dreamed, or thought, or knew, 

Leaping the Me and Mine. 

Responsive to the bard's own breast, 

He oped Song's airy halls; 
That one more lyre might leave it blest, 

Where Melody enthralls. 

Such was ' he measurer of the morn, 

This watcher of the fight; 
This man whose life was to adorn, 

His Duty's golden height. 

*Bom Croydon, X. H., June 15, 1833; died at Boston, April 21. 1910. Was Literary Editor. Boston 
Trmscripi f or thirty years. 



Royal Government Vanishes — Popular Government Evolves 

By E [bridge Drew Hadlcy 

The Revolution in thai colony was 
chiefly political and was bloodless 
within her borders, although her sons 
fell on every considerable battle- 
ground of the war as far south as 

The devastations of Red-Coats did 
not lay waste the fair settlements of 
New Hampshire nor drench her hill- 
sides and productive valleys m the 
blood of martyrs to liberty; but popu- 
lar government was not born without 
labor and pains, courage and fortitude 
and the employment of wisdom of 
the highest order and .consummate 

Royal government in New Hamp- 
shire did not. abdicate without pro- 
test by officialdom or without all the 
obstruction to popular government 
which was dared by the handful of 
zealous loyalists, who were not cow- 

The patriots of no colony were 
quicker to apprehend the trend of 
events, the danger to their liberties 
and the necessity for action than were 
the patriots of New Hampshire; nor 
were any gifted with greater courage 
or a prompter activity, or actuated 
by a higher motive, in maintaining 
their rights and guarding against the 
dangers of the hour. Witness the 
words of John Sullivan and John 
Langdon, delegates to the Continental 
Congress, in a letter to Matthew 
Thornton, president of the Provin- 
cial Congress, dated June 20, 1775: 
Speaking of the unnatural conflict 
pending, they said ''But when we 
consider it not of our own seeking, 
drove by the sons of Tyranny and 
Oppression, to the sad alternative of 
being made slaves, or appealing to 
the sword in defence of our just 
liberties, we cannot but think we shall 
stand justified, before God and man, 
in vigorously seizing the latter." To 

defend their liberties was a part of 
the religion of these times noted for 
piety of the people. 

The story of the vanishing of royal 
government and the evolution of 
popular government is told in the 
history of the last two royal assem- 
blies at Portsmouth and the contem- 
poraneous provincial congresses which 
met at Exeter and evolved into a full- 
fledged state government. 

The government of New Hamp- 
shire under the Kings of England 
consisted of a governor appointed 
by the King, a council of royal ap- 
pointment, and a House of Repre- 
sentatives elected by the people at 
uncertain periods, when they were 
permitted by the governor to elect 
representatives. It was a miniature 
"King and Parliament," the Coun- 
cil standing for the British House of 
Lords, and the House standing for 
the British House of Commons, the 
two bodies being collectively called 
the Assembly. "Belknap's History" 
and the "Provincial Papers" quote 
credible authorities who state that 
out of twelve members of the Council, 
ten were related to the governor by 
blood or marriage, very nearly coin-" 
bining Governor and Council in the 
person of Governor Went worth and 
his family. The governor was a 
scion of a very influential family of 
note in both America and England. 
In England there were earls, mar- 
quises and lords on the family lin- 
eage book. 

It is needless to relate that prior 
to May, 1774, the chronic conten- 
tion between England and her Amer- 
ican colonies had reached a crisis 
when Parliament enacted and George 
III. approved the Boston Port Bill, 
and the ferment among the people 
generated by that ill-starred legis- 
lation had resulted in a heat danger- 


The Granite Monthly 

oils to the peace beUveen agents of 
royalty and the freedom-loving citi- 
zens of this colony. 

Id this state of the public mind 
Governor Went worth's Royal Assem- 
bly met April 7, 1774, at the Prov- 
ince House in Portsmouth, and the 
House of about thirty members 
elected Hon. John Wentworth, of 
Somersworth, a distant cousin of 
the governor, speaker. The session 
proceeded with monotonous routine 
until the 28th of May, when the 
House appointed Speaker Wentworth, 
Samuel Cutts, John Giddings. Clem- 
ent March, Josiah Bartlett, Henry 
Prescott and John Pickering to be 
a committee ''to correspond as oc- 
casion may require with the com- 
mittees that are or may be appointed 
by the several Houses of Represen- 
tatives in our sister colonies and to 
exhibit to this House an account 
of such proceedings when required." 

Also the House " Resolved and 
voted that the Speaker of this House 
be directed to answer such letters 
from time to time as he may receive 
from any of the Houses of our sister 
Colonies relative to the aforesaid 
difficulties and to assure them that 
this House is ready to join in 
all salutary measures that may be 
adopted by them at this important 
crisis, for saving the rights and 
privileges of the Americans and pro- 
moting harmony with the Parent 

These acts of the House were 
ominous mutterings of a coming 
storm which the governor must 
prevent if possible. He sent his 
deputy secretary to adjourn the 
House to Monday, May 30th. This 
date he sent one of the Council to 
adjourn the House to June 3rd. 
On that date his deputy secretary 
appeared and adjourned the House 
to the 0th of June. On the last 
named day, he sent his deputy sec- 
retary to adjourn the House to June 
8th. When the 8th of June arrived, 
the deputy secretary appeared and 
read the following gubernatorial order: 

"Mr. Speaker and Gentlemen of 

the Assembly: As I look upon the 
measures entered upon by the House 
of Assembly to be inconsistent with 
his Majesty's service and the good 
of this government, it is my duty, 
as far as in me lies, to prevent any 
detriment that might arise from 
such .proceedings. I do, therefore, 
dissolve the General Assembly of 
this Province and it is dissolved 

"J. Wentworth." 

Province of New Hampshire, 

Council Chamber, Sth of June, 1774. 

The hope of the governor that by 
dissolving the Assembly he had cut 
off that pernicious agency for agitation 
along the lines of opposition to the 
royal authority, the Committee of 
Correspondence, was a vain hope. 
The members of the dissolved House 
met again in session in their own 
chamber until the governor went 
among them with the high sheriff 
and forbade their meeting, after 
which they thought it prudent to 
meet in another room, which they 
did and concerted measures as effect- 
ive as those assigned to the Com- 
mittee of Correspondence. 

The governor thought to rule the 
colony as long as possible without 
calling the Assembly together, dan- 
gerous as. he had found it, and it was 
eleven months, lacking four days, 
before he faced another colonial 
assembly which,' elected at his be- 
hest, met at the Province House, 
Portsmouth. May 4th, 1775. Mean- 
while events had been moving on 
apace in the colonies in general, and 
in New Hampshire in particular. 
The members of the House dissolved 
June 8, 1774, met and wrote to every 
town of importance in the province 
and requested them to send deputies 
to hold a convention at Exeter, July 
21, who should choose delegates to a 
Continental Congress to meet at 
Philadelphia in September and to 
raise their proportion of two hun- 
dred pounds expense money for the 
delegates according to the last pro- 
portion of the provincial tax. They 

The Revolt of New Hampshire 


recommended a day oX fasting and 
prayer to be observed on July 4th. 
On the appointed day of meeting, 
July 21, 1774, eighty-five deputies 
met at Exeter and chose Nathaniel 
Folsom and John Sullivan delegates 
to the congress proposed to 
at Philadelphia the following Sep- 
tember. The}' listened to the read- 
ing of the letters passed between 
the Committees of Correspondence 
of Massachusetts and New Hamp- 
shire; they chose Hon. John Went- 
worth, Hon. Meshech Weare, Col. 
Josiah Bartlctt, Col. Christopher 
Toppan and John Pickering as a 
committee to instruct the delegates 
to the General Congress and gave 
the committee power to select other 
delegates if those chosen were prov- 
identially prevented from attend- 
ing. The names of the deputies to 
this convention or congress cannot 
be found. It was not unwise to avoid 
a dangerous publicity. But how 
the names of the delegates to the 
Continental Congress and this Com- 
mittee of Correspondence appointed 
before the dissolution of the con- 
vention tower above all their New 
Hampshire contemporaries! 

The General Congress met at 
Philadelphia September 5, 1774, with 
John Sullivan and Nathaniel Folsom 
in their seats representing the free- 
men of New Hampshire. "What they 
did is history. 

A second convention of deputies 
from the towns assembled at Exeter 
January 25, 1775. the journal of 
whose proceedings in full has not 
been found nor the names of the dep- 
uties in attendance. This conven- 
tion selected John Sullivan and John 
Langdon to represent New Hamp- 
shire in the Continental Congress to 
meet in Philadelphia, May 10th, 
They appointed a committee to call 
a Provincial Convention of deputies 
when public affairs, in their judg- 
ment, should require it. They pro- 
vided for a committee of corres- 
pondence and issued a stirring a< 
dress to the people of New Hamp- 
shire and adjourned. 

The first and second provincial 
conventions or congresses heretofore 
mentioned confined their action sub- 
stantially to the selection of delegates 
to the Continental Congress, a tem- 
porary, tentative, consulting body 
be held like themselves, and did not assume 
legislative functions. But the time 
was approaching with giant strides 
when a like body must act for the 
welfare of the people and the defence 
of their liberties. 

The pages of history are full of the 
story of Lexington and Concord and 
the events of April 19, 1775, and the 
rallying of the freemen which con- 
verted the territory contiguous to 
Boston into an armed camp of 
patriots, among whom were perhaps 
two thousand men of southeastern 
New Hampshire. Two days later, 
on April 21st, a third provincial con- 
vention or congress was in session at 
Exeter, with sixty-seven delegates 
present from thirty-five towns, 
pledged by vote that the transac- 
tions be kept secret. There is some 
obscurity as to the manner in which 
this convention was summoned and 
delegates chosen. No general election 
could have been had in the inter- 
vening one day. A letter from the 
convention to the Provincial Con- 
gress of Massachusetts dated April 
26th, says, "The provincial committee 
upon this alarm immediately called 
a special convention of delegates 
from the nearest towns to consult with 
the Committee.' 7 Judge Potter, in 
his Military History of New. Hamp- 
shire, says, "Runners were, sent by 
'the Committee to call a Congress' to 
.the several towns in the province 
to send delegates to a convention to 
be held at Exeter on the 21st to 
consult for the general safety." On 
the 25th, forty-one additional dele- 
gates joined those already assembled. 
These lists contain such names as 
Matthew Thornton, Meshech Weare, 
Josiah Bartlett, Wyseman Claggett, 
John Pickering, Nathaniel Folsom, 
John Waldron, John Wentworth, 
Enoch Poor, Joseph Cilley, William 
Whipple and others equally renowned. 


The Granite Monthly 

- This congress avoided the exer- 
cise of legislative functions, unless 
the appointment of Nathaniel Fol- 
som to command the troops "who 
have gone or may go from this Gov- 
ernment to assist our suffering Breth- 
ren of Massachusetts Bay" was such 
a function. But they recommended 
many measures of prime importance 
and deferred positive action for the 
Provincial Congress already called by 
the Committee to meet the 17th of 
May. The date of the final adjourn- 
ment of this convention is not cer- 
tainly known, but the fragmentary 
journal preserved and incorporated in 
his work by the editor of the Provincial 
Papers of New Hampshire, shows 
that the session lasted to the 2nd of 

The personnel of the members of 
the Third Congress is evidence of 
the great ability represented in its 
membership. It is somewhat strange 
that Belknap, in liis history of New 
Hampshire, does not mention the 
Third Provincial Congress. 

The governor wrote to Lord Dart- 
mouth after he had dissolved the As- 
sembly June 8, 1774, "AH the usual 
and necessary business of the Prov- 
ince was completed, that no detri- 
ment can arise from my delaying to 
call an assembly in expectation that 
a few weeks will convince those who 
may be members, of the imprudence 
and error of measures that tend to 
weaken and subvert the subordina- 
tion of the Colonies." 

The governor had so successfully 
managed the sending of the two car- 
goes of tea consigned to Portsmouth 
in June and September, 1774, to 
Halifax, that the affair redounded 
to his credit. But his zeal in try- 
ing to secure workmen to aid Gen- 
eral Gage to build barracks in Bos- 
ton for those hated instruments of 
tyranny, the British soldiers, raised 
a storm about his ears which left his 
popularity in tatters and loaded him 
with obloquy. Then his official and 
officious efforts to hiring to con- 
dign punishment the men who, in 
December, captured the Fort William 

and Mary, emptied its magazine and 
carried off a large part of its armament, 
brought the detestation in which he 
began to be held to fever heat. and 
nullified his former influence with 
the patriotic people of New Hamp- 
shire. The Tory followers of the 
governor were so insignificant in 
numbers as to be treated as a negli- 
gible quantity, in the main. 

At this critical time, amid the 
echoes of Lexington and Concord, 
and the cannonading of the tyrant's 
minions at Boston, the governor 
summoned a new royal assembly 
which met at Portsmouth, Thursday, 
May 4, 1775, with thirty-four members 
of the House present from thirty- 
two towns (not including three 
that were expelled). The personnel 
of the members is as follows with 
the towns from which they came: 


Somers worth 



Hampton Falls 

New Castle and 


St rat ham 
New Market 
South Hampton 
Pla:"stow and 

Salem and 


and Litchfield 
Amherst, and 



Hon. John Went worth 
Mr. Jacob Sheaf e 
Woodbury Langdon 
Capt. John Langdon 
Otis Baker, Esq. 
Capt. Caleb Hodgdon 
Capt. Josiah Moulton 
Josiafa Moulton, Jr. 
Meshech Weare 
John Gid dings 
Col. Nath'l Folsom 

Henry Prescot 
Samuel Jcnness 
Col. Josiah Bartlett 
Maj. Richard Downing 
Stephen Boardman 
Stephen Holland 
Col. Clement March 
Ebenezer Thompson 
Col. Joseph Smith 
Eliphalet Merrill 
John Webster, Esq. 

Mr. John Calef 

Jacob Butler, Jr. 
Col. John Hale, Esq. 
Capt. Jno. Chamberlin 

Wyseman Claggett 
Maj. Nath'l Healey 
Dea. James Knowles 
Paul D. Sargeant 

Mr. Joshua Foss 
Col. Sam'l Ashley 
Capt. Isaac Wyman 

The Revolt of N&m Hampshire 


Chariest own 

Mr. Elijaji Grout 



Col. J no. Fen ton 


Israel Morey 


— Green 

On the appointed 4th of May, a 
number met and were adjourned to 
the 5th at eleven o'clock in the fore- 

The Assembly met accordingly the 
forenoon of the 5 th. The oath 
was administered. The House was 
informed by the same four members 
of the Council who administered the 
oath that it was the pleasure of the 
governor that they proceed to elect 
a Speaker and present him for appro- 
bation. They elected unanimously 
that ardent patriot, John Wentworth 
of Somersworth, and the election 
was approved by the governor. The 
Speaker and all members were re- 
quired to attend upon the governor 
and having waited upon His Excel- 
lency in the Council Chamber, he 
made his official • speech. He said 
among other things: "On the wis- 
dom, candour and moderation of 
your deliberations it will greatly 
depend to avert the calamities that 
must naturally attend a continu- 
ance of tins unhappy contest." 

There was a pathetic appeal to 
"ties of kindred, religion, duty and 
interest, for loyalty and attachment 
to the 'best of sovereigns' and 're- 
gard for the British Empire'." The 
machinery of a royal colonial govern- 
ment was thus installed, its parts 
adjusted and treated to the guber- 
natorial lubrication, but would it 
work? With all the members of 
the House, save perhaps one, of the 
new political faith, the. governor 
must have been sanguine to the de- 
gree of foolishness to believe he 
could influence that body of men to 
a reconciliation toward their op- 
pressors. An osbtacle to harmony 
presented itself the same day in 
the appointment of a committee to 
consider petitions complaining of the 
admission of the members from 
Plymouth, Orford and Lyme, as il- 
legally elected. A stalwart commit- 

tee was given the matter in charge. 
The Speaker, Mr. Giddings. and 
Mr. Langdon were -appointed to ask 
the governor for a short adjourn- 
ment. The governor demurred. The 
House insisted — they must consult 
their constituents — and the governor 
yielded, and on the 6th of May ad- 
journed the Assembly to June 12th. 
This was a fine stroke of policy for 
the patriots. The Provincial Con- 
gress would meet long before that 
date and the members of the Assembly 
who were members of the Congress 
would take part in its proceedings 
and not before that adjourned day 
would it be necessary for the House 
to break with the governor. 

During the interval between the 
adjournment of the Assembly and 
the date to which the adjournment 
was taken, June 12th, the events of 
the Revolution did not cease their 
resistless onward march. On the 17th 
of May, the Fourth Provincial Con- 
gress met according to call, at Exeter, 
more than one hundred towns being 
represented. This congress at once 
assumed legislative and executive 
powers of the highest order. They 
took steps to arm the province; to 
organize a military force; to con- 
sider ways and means for the sup- 
port of such a force; to appoint a 
committee of safety for the province; 
to try and punish Tories; to commis- 
sion officers of the New Hampshire 
Army; to raise money for all pur- 
poses of the government of the prov- 
ince, and did not shrink from assum- 
ing all governmental powers, even 
the issuing of (paper) money, one of 
the highest functions of government. 
They took up the matter of the illegal 
election of members of the Ports- 
mouth . Assembly from Plymouth, 
Orford and Lyme, and resolved 
"That it is the opinion of this con- 
gress that the persons called and 
elected as aforesaid ought not to be 
allowed a seat in the House of Repre- 
sentatives of this colony." 

This action and the reception 
their objections met at the hands of 
the Portsmouth Assembly proved 


TJie Granitt Monthly 

the cross on which The governor's 
authority was crucified. But on the 
10th of June, having clothed the 
president of the congress with the 
power to "sign all needful papers, in 
particular commissions for officers 
in the army of the colony," virtually 
making that official, governor of New 
Hampshire, the congress at Exeter 
adjourned to June 27th. This ad- 
journment gave those numerous 
members who were also members of 
the House of the Portsmouth As- 
sembly opportunity to sit in that 
body on the date of its next meeting 
June 12th, by the adjournment of 
the governor. Whether or not this 
adjournment of the Congress was 
timed with this design, the writer 
does not hazard an opinion, but it 
would now be thought good politics 
and might have been in 1775. 

When the Portsmouth Assembly 
convened on June 12th, ''there be- 
ing but a thin house, " it was ad- 
journed to the 13th. This day the 
committee " appointed to consider 
the matter respecting the admission 
of members called in from the new 
towns by virtue of the King's Writ, 
made report as on file, which being 
read and considered, and after debate 
thereon, the question was put whether 
the members returned for Plymouth, 
Orford and Lyme should be admitted 
to a seat in the House." The rec- 
ord adds. "It passed clearly in the 
negative." Thus they were expelled 
and it was demonstrated that the 


'oner ess not onlv was 

all-powerful in the province, but 
controlled the Portsmouth Assembly 
and compelled the expulsion of these 

On this same 13th of June, one of 
the expelled members, Col. Fenton, 
of Plymouth, accounted a loyalist, 
expressed himself in a manner dis- 
tasteful to the patriots in hearing 
and a mob gathered and pursued 
him so hotly that he took refuge 
in the govern fir's house. The gov- 
ernor sought to protect, him and 
refused to surrender him to the 
mob, who threatened the governor's 

house with a cannon aimed point 
blank at the mansion. Fenton re- 
lieved the governor by surrendering 

The governor then fled to Fort 
William and Mary with his family 
for protection behind its walls and 
under the guns of the frigate Scar- 
borough anchored in the harbor. 
Thenceforth while he remained in 
the province, the few official trans- 
actions of the vice-regal head of 
the province were conducted from 
this place of safety. 

When the adjourned day of the 
Assembly, July 11th, came around, 
his deputy secretary appeared and 
adjourned the (few members having 
met) Assemblv to the 12th — on the 
12th to the 13th— on the 13th to 
the 14th. On the 14th a committee 
was desired to. wait on the treasurer 
of the province and get an account- 
ing. They reported that that officer 
stated that he was ordered by the 
governor not to lay before the House 
his accounts till the House " deter- 
mined on a message he had to lay 
before the House relative to dismis- 
ing some members." The message 
came, calling on the House to rescind 
their vote excluding the three mem- 
bers. In the afternoon an answer 
was sent to the governor by a com- 
mittee consisting of Col. John Lang- 
don, Col. Josiah Bartlett, Dr. Ebe- 
nezer Thompson and Mesheeh Weare, 
in diplomatic language reaffirming 
their position. On the 17th, the 
deputy secretary adjourned the 
House to the 18th. On the 18th of 
July a message from the governor 
of a very argumentative character 
but temperate language adjourned 
the House to the 28th of September. 
This was his last message. 

On the 24th of August he sailed 
to Boston on the frigate Scarborough. 
On the 21st day of September he 
appeared at Gosport on the Isles of 
Shoals and issued a proclamation 
proroguing the Assemblv to the 
24th of April, 1770. This Assembly 
never again convened. Royal power 
in New Hampshire had really ceased 

After A TFAiTe 


to exist when, on the^2Sth of May, 
1774. the House of the Royal As- 
sembly cast their lot with the other 
colonies and resolved to enter into 
correspondence with them. The dis- 
solution eleven dayslater only deferred 
the open rupture. The power of the 
popular will grew and became bolder 
until the Fourth Provincial Congress 
in May, 1775. assumed full control 
of the affairs of the province, a con- 
trol this and succeeding provincial 
congresses never laid down until the 
government of the Constitution made 
New Hampshire a state and the val- 
idity of its acts has ever been con- 
ceeded, unauthorized as it was by 
any authority but the untrammeled 
will of the people. 

The effort of the writer has been 
to bring out something of the dra- 
matic situation in Xew Hampshire 
when the roj'al power was vanishing 
and the power of the people was be- 
ing invoked and developed into a 

model government "of the people, 

by the people and for the people.'' 

If we think of the Portsmouth 
Assembly and the Exeter Congress 
as legislative bodies sitting only 
fifteen miles apart, rivals for success 
and victory in the determined polit- 
ical contest going on, the situation 
may seem yet more dramatic. But 
a careful examination of the dates 
of the sitting of these two bodies 
shows that at no one time were both 
in session, although from May 17, 
1775, for a time both were existing 
organizations. The Portsmouth body 
was only theoretically in existence 
after July 18th, while the Exeter 
Congress sat until November 15. 
1775, and through its wise and de- 
termined action the power of the 
people was developed and directed 
and a model popular state govern- 
ment was evolved. 
Des Moines, Iowa. 


By Maude Gordon Roby' 

When I'm dead I'll wander back again to haunts that once were dear, 

And those that love me true will heed my call; 
For the Soul whom Death releases shuffles off his chains of fear, 

And the terms of "time'' and ''place" no more enthrall. 
To the old home on the hill-side will I bend my willing feet 

And the ox-eye daisies — they will welcome me: 
The blind watch-dog will whimper, and 'twill be like music sweet, 

To the one who drifted far, far out to sea! 

When man dies they say: "He's silent." But Death cannot change the Soul, 

And like Peter Grimm I'll come when twilight falls. 
I will stifle your wild grieving and rebellious tears that roll, 

While I walk with you my own ancestral halls. 
It is true, with Death we hasten to that land beyond our ken — 

But I neither fear my Pilot nor the way. 
Then remember, my beloved, Til return to you again 

And you'll know me, as the sunshine knows the day! 



Address at the Meeting of the Piscataqua Pioneers Association 
at the Shoals, August 15, 1911.) 

By J. M, Moses 

We meet today on our oldest his- 
toric ground. "It is history that all 
through the sixteenth century, the 
British. Hollanders, French and Por- 
tugese sent vessels across the Atlantic 
to fish in the waters" of the New Eng- 
land coast. As these islands have 
been called the best location in 
America for carrying on fisheries, it 
is not likely that the sixteenth cen- 
tury adventurers neglected them. 
In 1623, according to Christopher 
Leavitt, the harbor was visited by 
more than six fishing vessels at a 

We do not find historic mention 
of the islands till the seventeenth 
century. Capt. John Smith dis- 
covered them in 1614, named them for 
himself, and claimed proprietorship. 
Writing afterwards, he described 
them as "a many of barren rocks, 
the most overgrown with such shrubs 
and sharp whins, you can hardly pass 
them, without grass or wood, but 
three or four short, shrubby old 
cedars." This description contra- 
dicts itself, as mere rocks do not grow 
an impassable thicket of any kind of 
shrubbery. It is a description of 
sprout land. What forests there were 
had been ravaged for many years by 
the fishermen, who had to have lum- 
ber for landings, camps, fishing- 
flakes and fuel. It is to be supposed 
that the islands, when first visited, 
had as heavy a growth of forest as the 
soil would support; and there was 
more soil then than now. Forests 
existed on many other parts of the 
New England coast, where, after dev- 
astation, they were not able to renew 

Without claiming that families 
were permanently settled here as 
early as at Hilton's or Odiorne's 
Points, it is clear that these islands 

took the lead of the coast settle- 
ments in business. Their harbor be- 
came the entrepot for fish caught in 
other parts of the Gulf of Maine; 
also for commodities from the main 
land, such as furs, lumber, clap- 
boards, and pipe staves. From here 
these products were exported to the 
countries of Western Europe, and, in 
return, European manufactures were 
brought here, as a center for distri- 
bution to the inhabitants on the 
coast. This was the point from which 
vessels, sailed most frequently; to 
which passengers came for embarka- 
tion. News from Europe would reach 
the Shoals first, and go thence to 
the main land. This was the case 
with the news of the execution of 
King Charles, in 1649. 

The islands became a little Venice 
for such commerce as existed in the 
Gulf of Maine, and, north of Massa- 
chusetts, took the lead in civiliza- 
tion and culture. This was the case 
two hundred and fifty years ago. 
Many of their citizens were good 
livers, in good circumstances for 
their time, as is proved by their pro- 
bate records. The}' had an academy 
that was patronized from the shore 
towns. Courts were held in a court- 
house on Haley's Island. Religious 
worship, at first of the Episcopalian 
order, was maintained in a chapel 
on Appiedore before 1640. With the 
Massachusetts jurisdiction, Puritan 
worship was installed, and continued 
to the time of the Revolution. Some 
of the pastors were eminent for cul- 
ture as well as piety, and were appre- 
ciated by their people. This was the 
case with Rev. John Tucke, who was 
pastor for about forty years, just be- 
fore the Revolution. He is said to 
have been learned in geography and 
history beyond most of his con- 

The Isles of Shoals 


temporaries, also skillful as a phy- 
sician, benevolent, affable and great iy 
beloved. His son. John, was the first 
pastor at Epsom. 

The Shoals were always at great 
disadvantage from their scanty soil 
and deficient water supply. As the 
coast settlements became strong 
enough to defend themselves against 
the Indians, the island declined in 
relative importance, and their lead- 
ing men left them for Portsmouth and 
Kittery. This was done by William 
Pepperell, the Cutts, Hunkings, George 
Yaughan, Nathaniel Fryer, and others, 
all of whom had lived first at the 
Shoals. Still, a very respectable set- 
tlement continued here through the 
colonial period. 

I will not occupy your time in 
reciting history that has been so beau- 
tifully written by John Scribner Jen- 
ness, Celia Thaxter and others, which 
yon can all read at your leisure, but 
will close with an enquir}- suggested 
by this history, and by the signs of 
the times. 

In looking on this desert, in place 
of what was once a prosperous town, 
are we looking on the future of the 
rest of rural New England 

The abandonment of the Shoals 
was for a special reason, but the 
same result is coming about in other 
places. Already there are old towns 
on the main land, that are about as 
deserted as these islands. Three- 
fourths of the towns of New Hamp- 
shire are declining in population and 
prosperity. A town that once had 
2,200 people now has less than 800. 
It has lost half its people within the 
last thirty years. This is only an 
extreme example of the general ten- 
dency in the agricultural towns. 

Curiously, the last census claims 
an increase in value of the New 
Hampshire farms, while showing that 
they have declined in number, acre- 
age, and amount of production. The 
valuation is a mere estimate, or 
opinion, and seems inconsistent with 
the facts reported. The explanation 
may be found in the classification 
adopted, by which considerable city 

and suburban property has hereto- 
fore been included under the term 
farm. I am speaking of rural con- 
ditions, not of city gardening under 
glass, nor of city dairies or henneries, 
supported on purchased feeds. I 
have not heard that country farms 
are more in demand, or are selling at 
higher prices, than ten years ago 
but the opposite seems to be the 

The farming towns, including some 
within easy driving distances of 
cities, are steadily going the way that 
the township at the Shoals has gone, 
and for reasons that are perfectly 
plain. Oppression has produced, and 
is likely to continue, this decline. 
For the farmer there is nothing but 
increasing oppression in prospect, 
from towns, state and nation. The 
only exception to the last statement 
is the extension of rural mail deliv- 
ery. In taxation, in. tariff protection, 
in exposure to wild beasts, protected 
to prey on him, the farmer's interest 
is always thrown away, in the in- 
terest of anybody and everybody else 
that can get a pull on the legislature. 
Courts will find a, way to protect 
monopolies that prey on farmers, 
while attempts at combination by 
farmers may expect to be found ille- 
gal. And if legal, they are generally 
impracticable. "Acting as an iso- 
lated unit, the farmer feels the squeez- 
ing power. of the trusts on either side. 
The prices of his machinery and tools 
are artificial!}' raised by men acting 
as a unit. The price of his product is 
artificially lowered by men acting as 
a unit. 77 

Meanwhile city journals, state col- 
leges, boards of agriculture, and other 
preachers of righteousness, acting in 
the interest of the consumer, bestow 
unlimited preaching on the farmer. 
"Produce, produce, produce," they all 
chant in unison. "Produce more, 
that you may get less for it, so that 
things may be plenty and cheap for 
us." This last said under breath. 
Then, in full fortissimo, "Young 
man, stay on the farm." And "City 
man, go back to the farm," 


The Granite Monthly 

These preachers know better than 
to attempt to convince capitalists, 
with brains, of the profitableness 
of New Hampshire farming. They 
know better than to invest them- 
selves. Their efforts are bestowed on 
the young, the inexperienced, and the 
simple-minded. They victimize a 
few from other occupations, most of 
whom learn their lesson in two years, 
and leave the farm sadder and wiser. 

Young men go where it is for their 
interest to go, and it is not to, but 
away from the farms. These are 
mowed and pastured to exhaustion, 
and bushes, and forests cover the 
land. Then forest fires rage, with 
nobody left to fight them. No kind 
of legislation can prevent the start- 
ing of forest fires. 

There are nations, like Germany, 
in which intensive cultivation of old 

soils is made to succeed. They pro- 
tect their farmers from competition 
with the exhaustive cropping of new 
soils, in new countries. The New 
England farmer, after being crushed 
for two generations by the competi- 
tion of our own West, is in no con- 
dition to hold what is now left him, 
against the exhaustive cropping of 
the Canadian North-west. 

It is because this is not a conven- 
tion of farmers, that I have thought 
it worth while to present these facts, 
for our future reflection. It is for 
others than farmers to decide whether 
legislation shall be shaped so that the 
rural civilization of New England can 
})e preserved, or whether it must- 
pass away, and be succeeded by a 
desolation as real, if not the same 
in aspect, as that which we here 


By 'Stewart E. Roire 

Gone is the winter, bleak with wind and snow, 

Yes, gone somewhere, we know not how or why; 
Gone is the spring, when all things start to grow: 

For just like us, the seasons live to die. 
And summer-time is here with all its glow 

To grant us joy and make us cease to cry — 
Yes, make us feel, although we do not know, 

There is a better Land beyond the sky. 

And as upon vacation's trip so grand 

You gayly take your bright and happy way, 

May health and joy and rest go hand in hand 

And make for you, My Friend, one dear, sweet day 

Then as the summer dies at autumn's door, 

Mav vou return and be with us once more! 

A8 y. 



Edmund S. Cook,, city solicitor of Concord. 
died July 14. 191.1. 'He was the son of Charles 
H. and Jennie L. Cook, born at Lyndonville. 
Vt.j March 30, 1S72. and educated in the 
public schools, of Lyndonville and Concord, 
to which city his father removed while he was 
quite young, and at the Lyndonville Academy. 
He studied law with Hon. John M. Mitchell 
of Concord, was admitted to the bar in 1897, 
and immediately commenced practice in Con- 
cord, where he continued, being elected city 
solicitor in 1900, winch office he held till 

He was active in politics as a Republican, 
and was a leader in the so-called "progressive' ' 
movement, being an original member of the 
Lincoln Club organized in 190G. lie was 
chairman of the Republican State Committee 
in the last campaign, and one of the counsel 
for the special committee on railroad rates 
of the last legislature. He was a young man 
of the highest character and had a prom- 
ising career before him, when striken by 
untimely disease. He was a Mason and 
an Odd Fellow, a member of Capital Grange. 
P. of H., and of the Wonolancet and Passa- 
conaway Clubs of Concord. He leaves a wife 
but no children. 


Samuel X. Brown, born in Penacook July 
17, 18-14, died there July 21, 1911. 

He was a son of John S. and Sophia C. 
Brown, and was educated in the public 
schools and at New Hampton Literary Insti- 

lie had fitted for college, but instead of 
pursuing the intended course enlisted in Co. 
D., Sixteenth Regiment X. H. Vols., for sendee 
in the Union army in the Civil War. He 
served through the Port Hudson campaign 
and after discharge of his regiment reenlisted 
in the Eighteenth and served through the war. 

After the close of the war he was engaged 
for a time in his father's mill at Penacook, 
later was in charge of a mill in Memphis, 
Tenn., and subsequently was for a time a 
traveling agent for a mill machinery firm. 
From 1899 till 1S02 he was agent 'for the 
Penacook mills. In the latter year he was 
chosen register of deeds for Merrimack 
County, which office he held till his decease. 
He was active in the G. A. R., and was a 
charter member of "William I. Brown Post of 


< Dr. Ralph E. Gallinger of Concord, phy- 
sician for the Xew Hampshire State Prison, 
and one of the most promising young doctors 
in the state, was killed by the overturning 
of his automobile in Pembroke on Wednesday 
evening, July 12, 1911. 

Doctor Gallinger was the second son of Hon. 
Jacob H. Gallinger, senior L T . S. senator from 
Xew Hampshire, and was 38 years of age. 
He graduated from the Concord High School 
in 1S91 and from Dartmouth Medical College 
in 1S97, commencing practice in Concord at 
once. Soon after he was appointed physician 
at the State Prison and had continued in that 
position, To the full satisfaction of all con- 

February 6, 190S, he was united in marriage 
with Dr. Jeannette King, a prominent dental 
practitioner of Concord, who survives him, 
with his father and one sister. 


Hon. George W. Cate of Arnesbury, Mass., 
judge of the Second District Court, died in 
that town July 28, 1911. 

Judge Cate was. a native of the town of 
Xorthwood in this state, born March 10, 1831. 
He fitted for college at Pembroke Academy, 
graduated from Dartmouth in 1861, studied 
law with S. G. Clark at Xorthwood and \Y. W. 
Stickney at Exeter and was admitted to the 
bar in the latter town in 1S65. In 1868 he 
was a member of the Rockingham County 
Board of School Commisioners. 

In 1866 he moved to Arnesbury and was 
soon after admitted to the bar of Essex 
County, and later to practice in the United 
States courts. Lie was made a trial justice 
in 1876, and upon the establishment of the 
Second District Court in May, 1888, he was 
appointed to the judgeship, a position which 
he had since beld. In 1878-79 Judge Cate was 
a member of the state senate. He was a 
delegate to the National Republican Conven- 
tion at Chicago which nominated James G. 
Blaine for president. He was made a com- 
missioner to reestablish the boundary line 
between Massachusetts and Xew Hampshire 
in 1885. 

Judge Cate was one of the original trustees 
of Coe Academy at Xorthwood, X. IL, a 
trustee of the Provident Institution for Savings 
at Arnesbury, for six years chairman of the 
school board, and many years member of the 
board of trustees of the public library. He 
had always been active in the Republican 
party, and was president of the Arnesbury 
Republican Club for several years. 


Charles E. Howe, born at Gonic Village, 
Rochester, X. IL, January 27, 1816, died 
in Lowell, Mass., July 23, 1911. 

Mr. Howe was educated in the schools 
of Gonic and Lowell, Mass., where his family 
had removed. He enlisted in the^ Union 
army at the outbreak of the Civil War, and 
served throughout, and continued in the 
regular army service as a hospital steward 
till April 4. 1867. He then went into business 


Editor and Publisher's Notes 

in Chicago, but, after tlie great fire of 1871, 
returned to Lowell, where he engaged in the 
lumber business. He had served two terms 
as a member of the Lowell board of aldermen, 
and as mayor of the cii y in 3 903-04. with great 
acceptance. lie was a member of Post 42, 
G. A. 11., the Union Veterans' Union. Vesper 
Country Club, Martin Luther and Pilgrim 
Commandery, Knights Templar, of Lowell, 
and of several clubs in Boston. A wife 
survives him. 


Albeit L. Hall, long register of deeds for 
the Count v of Sullivan, died at his residence 
in Newport July 23. 1911. 

He was 'a native of Blue Hill, Me., born 
July 17, 1839, but removed to Cornish in 
early life, where he enlisted in the Second 
X. H. Regiment in the Civil War. He was 
captured by the Confederates at the Battle 

of Bull Rim, and imprisoned at Anderson ville. 
from which he was paroled in May, 1862, 
and discharged in July following. He settled 
in Lebanon after the war but removed to 
Newport in the early 70's where he ever after 


Wallace L. Dow, born in Croydon. X. H., 
September 21, 1844, died at Sioux Falls, 
S. Dak., July (5, 1911. 

.In early life Mr. Dow was engaged with his 
father and brother in business in Newport, 
as a contractor and builder, the firm doing 
an extensive business throughout the state, 
the new State Prison at Concord having been 
built by them. Removing to South Dakota, 
he was largely employed as an architect and 
builder, making the plans for most of the 
state institutions, and numerous important 
buildings at Sioux Falls. He leaves a wife, 
daughter and two sons. 


The present issue of the Graxite Monthly 

is presented as a double number, for the 
months of August and September, the arrange- 
ment being necessitated by the extent of the 
matter pertaining to the one hundred and 
fiftieth anniversary of the town of Newport, 
covering over forty pages and making the 
oruy complete account of that important his- 
torical event presented in any one issue of 
any publication. The number contains six! y- 
four pages in all, besides the frontispiece, 
making it fully double the size of the ngular 
issue, and will be of special interest not only 
to all Xewport people att home and abroad, 
but to all who take an interest in state history 
and biography generally. Copies will be 
mailed to any address for 20 cts. each, or six 
copies for $1.00. 

Old Home Week was observed throughout 
the state this year to about the usual extent. 
Some towns that have observed the festival 
in the past failed to do so, while some others 
not in the habit of so doing fell into line this 
year. The little town of Lempster, in Sulli- 
van County, with less than four hundred 
people at present, but which has sent abroad 
a large contingent of the world's workers, is 
one of the towns that never fails, in its obser- 
vance. Wednesday, August. 23, was the day 
set apart for "Old" Home Day" there, and 
about 300 people, many from distant towns, 
and a number from outside the state gathered 
at Union Hall, Lempster "Street," for the 
customary reunion. Fred A. Barton pre- 
sided, and addresses were made by Hiram 
Parker of Lempster, Dr. A. W. Mitchell of 
Kpping, Dr. C. A. Allen of Holyoke, Mass., 

Dr. Levi C. Taylor of Hartford, Conn., Mrs. 
Louise Huntoon of Penacook, Mrs. Louise 
Adams of 'Deny, Rev. Nancy P. W. Smith 
and others. 

Mrs. Georgiana Rogers writes from Brook- 
line commending in strong terms the work of 
the Xew Hampshire Animal Rescue League, 
with headquarters in Manchester, and espe- 
cially the untiring efforts of its agent, Clarence 
Hosea Sargent, who spares neither time nor 
labor to promote the work for the alleviation 
of the sufferings of animals, too often sub- 
jected to inhuman treatment at the hands of 
unfeeling men. Space forbids the publica- 
tion of the . communication in full, but the 
closing appeal to ail citizens of the state to 
become members of the League by forward- 
ing the annual fee of SI. 00 to the headquarters 
of the League, S52 Elm St., Manchester, may 
well be heeded by all. The object is a most 
worthy one! 

In the death, at his summer home at 
Orford, of Associate Justice James B. Rich- 
ardson of the Superior Court of Massachusetts, 
which will be noted more particularly in the 
Xecrology Department next month, the Bay 
State loses another of Xew Hampshire's 
valuable contributions to the ranks of her 
judiciary, which have been many and great, 
as well as to the successful leadership in all 
professions and callings within her limits. 
Judge Richardson's death, also adds another 
to the remarkable list of judicial vacancies 
which Governor Foss has been called upon to 

■-Ti,. «.?«■■ tu*;-' txirr&A&t. ■■ -.-.- 

VOL, XLISI. No. 10 OCTOBER, »U New Series, Vol. VI. K 


, Am i ; 

r -3«^^^-& 

V ii '■•?w* / 

5g"- ^-5-f TffiT 

t J 

A New Hampshire Magazine 

[Devoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progret 

W-W John Henry Albin With- Frontispiece. . . . 

/*?3 By H. C. Pearson." 

**^^ Marlow Anniversary . . , . 

Address bv Hon. Alfred F. Howard; Ellu£trate< 

*:.. .«.- 

Wills of Early English Eastmans 
By Charles K. Eastman. Illustrated. 

Hannah Bradley . 

By Asa Mayo Bradley. - 

*%gf^ New Hampshire Necrology 


Editor axi'd Publisher's Notes - . 


By Eva Beede Odell, Frances M. Fray. Maude Gordon Roby, Reginald F, 
Chatter, Mary Rolofson. 





3 1 2 









^sued by The Granite Monthly S>^ 

HENRY H. METCALF, Editor and Manage! 

___ K^f r : 

JWIS: $1.00 per annum, In advance; $1.50 if not paid in advance. Single copies, 15 cci 

CONCORD, M. H., 1911 

Entered at the pose office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 

jV" " • ■ :• n-r<-i~*Z*-{7 ;—.;-'! ri ,' V . .■ f. ;.•;■ r :-.,,-;;-■- !..■<-• .,-;_,- 


; - ' 

The Granite Monthly 

Vol. NLIII, No. 10 

OCTOBER, 1911 Nkw Sekies, Vol. 6, No. 10 



John Henry Albin 
By H. C. Pearson 

All who are well acquainted with 
the history of the New Hampshire 
bar during the past forty years will 
agree that in a high place upon its 
roll of professional achievement should 
be written the name of John Henry 
Albin. And any publication which 
is endeavoring to summarize the 
careers of living leaders of the state 
must give early recognition * to his 
record; not only because of his posi- 
tion and prestige as a lawyer, but 
also because of his extensive interests 
and influence in railroad and other 
business circles. 

General Albin is of English descent, 
being the grandson of William Albin, 
who came from England to America 
in the latter part of the eighteenth 
century and settled at Randolph, 
Vt. He had five children, the third 
of whom and oldest son was John, 
named for an uncle. This J ohn Albin, 
the father of the subject of our sketch 
did an extensive freighting business 
from Boston to Laeonia and inter- 
mediate points in the days before the 
railroads came. He was an active, 
energetic and successful business man 
and a public-spirited citizen, a pioneer 
Republican in politics and an ardent 

He married July 15, 1839, Emily, 
daughter of Judge David White, a 
leading citizen of Bow, and to them 
three children were born : John Henry ; 

Lizzie W., who married Brigadier 
General Northcott of the United 
States Army in the War of the Rebel- 
lion, and whose son is the present 
minister from this country to the 
republic of Colombia; and Charles 
Fremont, who died in infancy. 

John Henry Albin was born at 
West Randolph, Vt., October 17, 
1843. During his childhood days 
his parents resided at Bow and Con- 
cord, N. H., and there he obtained 
his early education, preparing at the 
Concord High School for admission 
to Dartmouth College. From the 
latter institution he graduated with 
honor in the class of 186-1, receiving 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts, fol- 
lowed, in course, three years later, 
by the further degree of Master of 

Mr. Albin made early choice of 
the legal profession as his life work 
and immediately upon graduation 
from college entered upon a course of 
study in the law office of one of the 
leading practitioners and jurists of 
his day, Hon. Ira A. Eastman of 
Concord, for some time a judge of 
the Supreme Court of the state. 

In October, 1867, Mr. Albin was 
admitted to practice in the courts 
of the state and in April, 1868, his 
friend as well as mentor, Judge East- 
man, recognized his ability, faithful- 
ness and promise by taking him into 


The Granite Monthly 

partnership. In December of the 
same year the late Samuel B. Page, 
Esq., removed from Warren to Con- 
cord and entered the firm, which at 
once took a front rank place among 
the legal partnerships of the day. 

In this honorable and lucrative 
connection Mr. Albin continued until 
1874 when the firm dissolved. He 
then entered into partnership with 
Hon. Mason W. Tappan. previously 
Member of Congress and afterwards 
attorney-general of the state. Other 
partners whom General Albin has 
had in more recent years have in- 
cluded Mayor Nathaniel E. Martin 
of Concord and William H. Sawyer. 
Esq., of the same city. And at times, 
for considerable periods, he has prac- 
ticed alone. 

Within the present year Mr. Albin 
has largely retired from the active 
practice of the profession with which 
he has been so long, so honorably 
and so successfully connected. He 
still retains some especial clients and 
causes and his familiar figure will 
not be entirely missing from the 
courts upon which for more than two- 
score years he has left the impress of 
his intellect and learning. But to a 
very large degree he is carrying out 
a definite purpose of laying down the 
burdens he has long carried of a 
large and important practice. 

Mr. Albin entered the bar with an 
excellent equipment for its battles. 
His mind was broad, sound and well- 
balanced; his brain, keen, analytical 
and comprehensive. An excellent 
general education had placed a firm 
foundation beneath the special legal 
studies which he prosecuted with ardor 
under eminent tutelage. 

As was to be expected, under these 
circumstances, his professional suc- 
cess was immediate and soon grew 
to be great. But this fact did not 
operate to make him relax his efforts 
or abate his labors. Throughout 
his career he has been a student and 
a worker, adding the knowledge of 
books to the valuable products of 
wide and close observation. His judg- 

ment of men is intuitive and won- 
derfully correct and another factor 
in his great success has been his power 
of logical reasoning, calm, clear and 

Mr. Albin's law practice Ijas been 
largely though by no means exclu- 
sively in the important field of cor- 
poration law, for which his training, 
experience and mental endowments 
have especially fitted him. But in 
other branches of his profession he 
has made a reputation of almost 
equal lustre. His conduct of the 
defense in several important criminal 
causes brought him fame, while his 
eloquence and lucidity as an advocate 
have made his services as much in 
demand' for jury pleadings and for 
conduct of varied cases in trial courts 
as for the wise counsel of private 
practice and the learned exposition 
of the law before the highest tribunals. 

While his devotion to his profession 
has been great Mr. Albin has not 
allowed it to absorb his entire atten- 
tion, but has kept his life many- 
sided and broadly developed. Busi- 
ness life, political" life, fraternal life, 
all have had their shares in his career, 
nor has he missed the pleasures of 
books, art and cultured society. 

Always a Republican in politics 
Mr. Albin has given that party con- 
tinuously faithful support and much 
active service and valuable counsel. 
In 1872 he was elected to the state 
House of Representatives from Ward 
live, Concord, and served upon the 
important judiciary committee. Re- 
elected in 1873 he was made chairman 
of the committee on railroads; and 
in both terms was a recognized leader 
of his party on the floor of the House. 
In 1875, while a legal resident of the 
town of Henniker, he was chosen to 
represent that town in the legislature 
of 1876 and again served upon the 
principal committee, judiciary, with 
additional appointments as chairman 
of important special committees. 

Mr. Albin was a valuable legislator, 
one of a type of which the state today 
stands in need; an industrious worker 

John Henri/ Alb in 


an able, clcar-visionett and successful 
leader. In more recent years the 
pressure of his professional and busi- 
ness duties have kept Mr. Albin 
from the prominent participation in 
public life which well might have been 
his; but now that he has secured in a 
measure a respite from these cares his 
friends and admirers hope that he will 
lend a favorable ear to the calls for his 
reentrance upon the field of public 
service. " 

Outside of his legal reputation, 
General Albin is best and most widely 
known as a railroad manager. He 
took an early interest in the Concord 
Street Railway, became its president 
and principal owner, developed it 
to the point of successful and satis- 
factory operation and sold it to the 
Concord & Montreal Railroad, by 
whose lessor, the Boston & Maine 
Railroad, it is now operated. For 
the excellent service in this regard 
which the city of Concord and its 
suburbs enjoy, much credit is due and 
is generally given to Mr. Albin. 

Mr. Albin has been much interested 
also, for a long time and is now in the 
steam railroads of the Connecticut 
river valley, in New Hampshire, 
Vermont and Massachusetts; being 
president and a director of the Sulli- 
van County Railroad of New Hamp- 
shire; a director of the Connecticut 
River Railroad, a Massachusetts and 
New Hampshire corporation, and a 
director of the Vermont Valley Rail- 
road in Vermont. The large place 
which these roads are likely to occupy 
in the future development and pros- 
perity of New England are but an- 
other instance of the far-sighted 
wisdom which is one of Mr. Albin's 

Another side of General Albin's 
versatile and vigorous life is that 
which he has devoted to membership 
in fraternal orders. • Almost forty 
years ago he became a member of 
Rumford Lodge, Number 46, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, of 
Concord, subsequently transferring his 
membership to White Mountain Lodge, 

Number 5, in the same city; and dur- 
ing his residence in Hennikcr being one 
of the founders of Crescent Lodge, 
Number (30, of that town. 

After filling the chairs in the sub- 
ordinate lodge he was chosen repre- 
sentative to the grand lodge of this 
jurisdiction and there climbed the 
ladder of official succession until in 
1S79 he was elected grand master. 
In September, 1881, he represented 
the grand lodge of New Hampshire 
in the sovereign grand lodge at its 
session in Cincinnati, Ohio, and was 
a member of that body for several 
subsequent sessions, being a part of 
the time representative of the grand 
encampment and tolling office for 
a term as grand warden of the sover- 
eign grand lodge. 

At the session held in Cincinnati 
in September, 1881, a committee of 
five members was appointed to pre- 
pare a degree for the Patriarchs 
Militant branch of the order. By 
the committee this work was intrusted 
to Mr. Albin who conscientiously 
devoted to it all his great ability, 
with most satisfactory results. The 
committee accepted his report as did 
the sovereign grand locl^e, unani- 
mously, at its session of the following- 
year in Baltimore. 

This committee was continued until 
the next session of the grand body, 
held at Providence, R. I., in Septem- 
ber, 1883, when it was discharged. 
At the session of September, 1884, at 
Minneapolis, Minn., Mr. xVlbin was 
made chairman of the committee on 
patriarchal branch of the order, and 
at the same session a special commit- 
tee was appointed for the purpose of 
making any revision that might be 
deemed necessary, so far as that degree 
was concerned; and .also to report 
such legislation as might be necessary 
to carry it into full effect. Mr. Albin 
and two others were appointed on 
this committee, of which Mr. Albin 
was chairman, with instructions to 
report at the session of the sovereign 
grand lodge at Baltimore, Md. 3 in 
September, 1885. 


The Granite Monthly 

Mr. Albin was one of the founders 
of the New Hampshire Odd Fellows 
Home and served as one of its trustees 
until 1004, when he resigned. In 
all his fraternal work General Albin 
took and still takes great interest, 
and the order of Odd Fellows in state 
and nation owes him much for his 
devoted and valuable labors in its 

Nor do the activities which have 
been mentioned exhaust the catalogue 
of Mr. Albin's interests. The son 
of a farmer, he always has had a fond- 
ness for country life and has realized 
the importance of agriculture as the 
basis of all prosperity. For a num- 
ber of years he owned and carried on 
an extensive farm at Henniker. 

The. fact that his handsome Con- 
cord home shelters one of the finest 
private libraries in New Hampshire 
is another exponent of his varied and 
cultured tastes. Of distinguished 
personal appearance, General Albin 
first impresses one who meets him by 
the kindly courtesy of his manner. 
Later, as one becomes acquainted 

with his mental processes, there is 
added to this feeling admiration for 
the power of his personality, the 
accurate precision of his judgment 
and his facts and the adequacy of 
their expression. "One of New Hamp- 

upon him by his 

shire's really strong men" is the 

diet often passed 

Mr. Albin married September 5, 
1S72, Georgia A. Modica of Henniker, 
who died July 31, 1902. Their child- 
ren were Henry A., born February 
5, 1875, and Edith G., born August 5, 
1S7S. The former was educated at 
the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, Boston, and since has been 
engaged in railroad management in 
New England and the West. 

The daughter is the wife of John 
H. Buck, a prominent lawyer who 
resides at Hartford, Conn. 

On January 25, 1911, Mr. Albin 
was united in marriage with Ella 
Sargent Dickinson at Lowell, Mass., 
a lady of grace, intelligence and social 
charm fitting her husband's distin- 
guished place in New Hampshire life. 


By Eva Biede Odell 

Hail! all hail to thee, October! 

Gayest month in all the year! 
Welcome harvest, fruit and vintage, 

Painted leaf and sky so clear! 
Green with red and yellow blending 

Make the earth a pageant fair. 
O, the joy just to be living 

In the crisp autumnal air! 

Goldenrod and purple aster 

Bright in roadside borders grow. 
'Midst the dark leaves of black alder 

Coral-red the berries glow. 
All along the moss-grown fences 

How the nimble sciuirrels jump! 
They are hoarding stores for winter; 

Filled with nuts their cheeks are plump. 

Marlow Village 


Historical Address by Hon. Alfred F. Howard 

Among the numerous towns in the 
State whose charters were granted in 
1761, quite a number of which have 
formally celebrated their 150th anni- 
versary the present year, is the little 
town of Marlow, in the northern 
part of Cheshire County, where such 
celebration was held on Thursday, 
August 24, in connection with the 
"Old Home Day 77 observance which 
the people of Marlow have held nearly 
every year since the festival was first 
regularly recognized, in 1899. 

Marlow is unquestionably to be 
classed among the "hill towns' 7 of, 
New Hampshire, its lowlands being 
nearly 1000 feet above the sea level, 
while its greatest elevation is more 
than 2000. It is, moreover, dis- 
tinctively a "back town/ 7 in that it 
is located more than 15 miles from 
the nearest railway station. While 
considerable manufacturing — mainly 
of leather, lumber, and various wood 
products — has been done within its 
borders during the greater portion of 
its history, its leading industry has 
always been that of agriculture. 
While few of its people have attained 
great wealth, prosperity has been the 

rule among them, industry, frugality 
and stability being their leading 

The population numbered 207 in 
1775, 313 when the first federal 
census was taken in 1790, and grad- 
ually increased till I860 when it- 
reached the highest point, there being 
then 813 people in town. Since then 
there has been a steady decline, until, 
at the last census, the population was 
returned at 425. This, however is 
47 more than were returned for the 
town of Lempster which adjoins it 
on the north and is territorially larger. 
These two towns, which are somewhat 
similar in their natural characteristics, 
were classed together for the election 
of a representative during the early 
years of the present state government, 
1804 being the first year when Marlow 
alone chose a representative, in the 
person of Elisha Huntley who had 
represented both towns in the previ- 
ous legislature, and who was for sev- 
eral years subsequently chosen. 

Both Lempster and Marlow were 
chartered in 17(31, but the former held 
no special recognition of the anniver- 
sary. The latter took due note of 


The Granite Monthly 

the same, the town** having formally 
voted to observe it, and appointed a 
committee of arrangements consisting 
of Elgin A. Jones, present representa- 
tive in the legislature, George F. Gee 

E. A. Jones 

and Perley E. Fox to carry the pro- 
posed action into effect. 

The attendance upon the occasion 
was larger than the present popula- 
tion of the town, large delegations 
from all the neighboring towns being 
present, and many natives and former 
residents from a distance. A free 
luncheon was served to all visitors 
at the noon hour, about 600 in all 
being fed at the several halls where 
tables were set and in the homes of 

The literary and historical exer- 
cises were held in Jones' Hall, which 
has long been the public meeting- 
place for the town, and continued 
both forenoon and afternoon, Elgin A. 
Jones Esq., Chairman of the Com- 
mittee of Arrangements, serving as 
president of the day in a most accept- 
able manner. 

The forenoon exercises opened with 

prayer by Rev. G. J. Buckley, pastor 
of the Methodist Church, which is now 
the only one where regular services 
are maintained in town, although 
Baptist, Universalis and Christian 
churches have flourished here at 
different times in the past. 

After appropriate introductory re- 
marks by the presiding officer, Perley 
E. Fox of Mariow, Charles A. Perkins 
of Manchester, a native of the town, 
son of the late Dr. Marshall Perkins, 
and a member of the present state 
legislature; Dr. J. F. Butler of Spof- 
ford, also a native, now SO years 
of age, and who has practiced his 
profession at Spofford for fifty-five 
years, and Hon. Geo. F. Tinker of 
New London, Conn., another loyal 
son of Mariow, were successively 
called upon and entertainingly ad- 
dressed the audience, Dr. Butler's con- 
tribution being of the poetical order, 
and abounding in sentimental reminis- 
cences; while Mr. Tinker spoke at 
considerable length, dwelling upon the 
character and characteristics of many 
notable eld time residents of the town. 

Perley E. Fox 

The afternoon exercises were 
opened by an address by Rev. J. L. 
Seward, D. D. ; of Keene, a native of 
the neighboring town of Sullivan, 
who was familiar with Mariow and 

Marlow Aiitiircrsan/ 


its people m his earlier years, and has 
often been heard by them, with pleas- 
ure. He recounted many things of 
interest concerning the town and was 
listened to with attention and delight. 
After a brilliant vocal duet by 
Misses Weeks and Gee. Hon. Alfred F. 
Howard of Portsmouth, a native of 

down that diminishing vista till we 
get to the beginning of things. 

As in the case of many of the inte- 
rior towns of New Hampshire, Gov. 
Benning Wentworth may be held 
responsible for our existence. It was 
on Oct. 7, 1761, that the doughty old 
governor, whose florid face and crim- 


- ' . 






Hon. Alfred t". Howard 

Marlow, hi whose success the people 
of the town have all taken due pride, 
was introduced and delivered the 


A century and a half 
time it is to look back! 


what a long 
Let us gaze 

son coat may be seen today hanging 
on the walls of the state house in 
Concord — it was on that autumn day 
that he issued a charter to William 
Noyes and 65 associates, granting 
them the territory that we see around 
us. The original tract included 23,040 
acres, and the projected settlement 

Hon. Alfred P. Howard, of Portsmouth, was bom in Marlow, February 16, 1S42, a son. of Ervin and Philinda (Simor) la) Howard. 
He was educated at Marlow Academy and the X. H. Conference Seminary at Tiitou: studied law with the late Hon. W. H. H. Allen 
and Hon. S. L. Bowers of Newport, wa.= admitted to trie bar in 1883, anl immediately commenced practice in Portsmouth which has 
smce been his home. He was city solicitor from 1889 to 1>7!. I". S. Deputy Collector of Customs, in 18/1 to 1*72, an 1 Collector for 
twelve years, till 1835, when he resigned anl engaged with the late Hon. Frank Jones in the organization of the Granite State Fire 
Ins. Co., of which he is Secretary, and to whose bjsiness he has giyed his undivided attention. He has been an earnest Republican 
but he has never sought otiice at the hands of his party, and has declined repeated invitations to be a candidate for high position. 
He is a Knight Templar Ma.-or; and prominently connected v»ith the North Congregational Church of Portsmouth. He married, in 
1869, FJiza, daughter of Hon. Amos F. Fiske, who died in 1875, leaving one son, Arthur F., who graduated from Amherst College in 
1895. Subsequently he married Miss Mabel Y. Smith of YViiiiruantic, Conn. 


The Granite Monthly 

was christened Marlow. But Marlow 
was not the only child that came into 
the world during that time. The 
royal magistrate never did anything 
by halves, and that year he brought 





It 1 









1 ' \ 

Jones Hall 

forth no less than 77 other townships, 
60 on the west bank of the Connecti- 
cut river,, and 16 beside Marlow on the 
east bank. Granting so many char- 
ters over unknown and unsettled 
territory was the source of serious 
trouble later. 

This prolific production was no 
doubt the result of the governor's 
great ambition to control as much 
territory as possible. The western 
boundary of our state was at that- 
time undetermined. Nobody lived 
there but red deer and red Indians. 
Massachusetts wanted to lay hold of 
the country round about, but Gov. 
Wentworth knew that if he could 
charter towns and plant actual settle- 
ments, they would hold down the land 
till he could claim jurisdiction over 
it. Incident alh', it may be remarked 
that the governor always reserved a 
liberal slice for himself in making 
these grants. In case of our own 
town he cut out a nice little plat of 
500 acres in the southwest corner. 

We are not so fortunate as our 

neighboring town of Hcnniker, to be 

the only one of our kind in the United 
States. There are three other Mar- 
lows in the country, located in three 
different states. We must look across 
the water for our nominal ancestor. 
There is a town in Buckinghamshire, 
England, five miles from Maidenhead, 
a town now containing about 5,000 
population, called Great Marlow; and 
it is probable that some of our first 
settlers emigrated from there, reach- 
ing here by way of Connecticut. 

It is one of the plagues of the his- 
torian that just as soon as he thinks 
he has a fact well established, some 
one arises and confronts it with an 
earlier fact which causes our first fact 
to take a back seat. Now 1761 is the 
real date of the birth of Marlow, as 
you see printed all around you today. 
But, as. a matter of fact, there is a 
sort of shadow town that was laid out 
here eight years earlier. On Jan. 1, 
1753, Gov. Wentworth granted this 
region under the name of Addison. 
When he issued the charter it is said 
that he did not expect an actual set- 
tlement to be made, but he just laid 


1 j 


it u n 


Marlow Academy 

it out on paper to keep Massachusetts 
from getting hold of it. Addison and 
Marlow are both good literary names; 
but for my part, I do not regret 
that Addison was still-born. 

Most of the 66 grantees of the town- 

Mario w A ruiiversary 


ship of Maxiow were residents of Con- 
necticut, principally from Lyme and 
Colchester; but. only three, so far as 
we know, became actual settlers. 
These were William Noyes, Samuel 
Gustin and Nehemiah Koyce; and of 
these names, the foremost of the three 
is Gustin. 

or records of deeds. It is probable he 
came from some adjoining town in 
Connecticut. Numerous deeds of 
land both from and to Samuel Gustin, 
Sr., and Jr.. are recorded in that town. 
The first is to be found under date of 
1734. The first deed given by Samuel 
Gustin after reaching Marlow was 



i "^ 



Rev. Osmon G. Baker, D. D. 

The records of our state library 
show that Samuel and John Gustin 
were brothers and came from Lyme, 
Conn., and that Samuel always re- 
mained single, but a recent search of 
the records of Lyme show there were 
two, Samuel Gustin, Sr. and Samuel 
Gustin, Jr., but no mention is made of 
John Gustin either in vital statistics 

dated Sept. 29, 1766. It would seem 
to be uncertain whether it was Samuel, 
Sr., or Samuel, Jr., who became a set- 
tler here, but dates of. deeds would 
indicate that it was the latter. He 
married Mary Tommas, June 1, 1741, 
and the records show the birth of nine 
children, the last occurring June 21, 
1764. Records would also indicate 

Rev. Osrnon Cleander Baker who may well be designated Marlow's moift distinguished son, was born in that town July 30, 1812. He 
waa educated at Wilbraham, Mass., Academy and Wesleyan University; was instructor in Newbury, Vt. Seminary and afterwards 
president. Serving ten years m all : entered active service in the Methodist Ministry as a member of the N. H. Conference in 18-U, being 
located at Rochester; was Presiding Elder of the Dover District in 18-k>; a professor in the Methodist Biblical Institute at Concord 
from 1*47 to 18.50, when he became president of the same. In lfeo2 he was made a Bishop by the Methodist General Conference, 
serving with distinction till bis death, December 20, 1871. Wesieyan University conferred oa him the degree of D.D., in 1852. 


The Granite Monthly 

that both were married and had fam- 
ilies, instead of Samuel being single 
as stated in the New Hampshire rec- 
ords. The Gustins were large owners 
of land in Lyme, the most part being 
located in that part of the town known 
as East Lyme. 

But the Gustin brothers did not 
long remain alone in the new settle- 
ment. Many of the paper proprietors 
sold their rights to men like Joseph 
Tubbs, Jasper and Nathan Huntley, 
and Elisha and Solomon Mack, also 
to others. Previous to 1767 no less 

that was fast going to decay, but of 
fine architectural proportions, and 
some of the old crockery, furniture 
and other household articles, left as 
they had been used by the occupants, 
indicated that the house was formerly 
occupied by a family of some promi- 

The first known meeting of the pro- 
prietors was convened at the house 
of Benjamin Hyde, at Lyme, Conn., 
Nov. 24, 1704, when Jonathan Peck 
was chosen moderator and William 
Noyes clerk. The last meeting held 

A'-^S4, f ' \\ A 



Sk •* 

than fifteen families had placed them- 
selves in this township. 

In 176S Rev. Ebenezer Mack was 
given one hundred acres of land by 
the Gustins on condition that he would 
settle in Marlow. lie was a Baptist 
minister and preached to the people 
in the neighborhood for several years 
before a Baptist church or church of 
any kind was organized. According 
to one authority his old log house was 
succeeded in 1779 by a frame one, the 
second in town. 

I have no doubt this is true. I well 
remember, when a small boy, going 
into an old house on the Mack farm 

in Connecticut was in March, 1765, at 
the house of Marshfield Parsons. At 
this time John Mather, Martin Lord 
and Samuel Gustin were chosen pro- 
prietors' committee. The first re- 
corded transaction in Marlow bears 
date of April 27. 1765, when a plot of 
seventy acres was laid out by the above 
committee. A town organization was 
effected in March, 1766, when Joseph 
Tubbs was chosen moderator; Samuel 
Gustin, clerk, and Joseph Tubbs, Sam- 
uel Gustin and Martin Lord, select- 

On June 15, 176S. a meeting con- 
vened at the house of Joseph Tubbs, 

Marlow Anniversary 


when it was voted to fay out a "rode" 
from the west side of the town toward 
New Concord and Limbrick (Stod- 
dard), and one toward Keene, This 
was an important event and I can well 
understand how patiently and earn- 
estly these old settlers must have 

with forfeiture of charier because 
they had not complied with the pro- 
vision whereby each one had agreed 
within five years to plant and culti- 
vate five out of every fifty acres of 
land in his allotment "and continue 
to improve and settle ye same." A 


6tt^ &Jfi(n*ji4 * 

worked to construct this long stretch 
of road. 

While the early settlers were trying 
to cut their way through the forest, 
other troubles were brewing. In 1771 
they got a summons from the gover- 
nor at Portsmouth, threatening them 

petition was drawn up, signed by six 
original proprietors and 29 owners of 
purchased rights, and they sent Sam- 
uel Gustin over to Portsmouth to 
negotiate. In this petition they state 
that the proprietors of Marlow have 
been '''Thrown into the uttermost con- 


The Granite Monthly 

sternation" on account of "Mason's 
pattent." The owners of the latter 
grant had "caused this line of their 
pat-tent to be run and ascertained, 
whereby it appeared that more than a 
mile in breadth through (our) t own- 

sadly situated, being taxed alternately 
by the towns, some years by both. 
Marlow claimed title to the land by 
priority of charter; Stoddard because 
it was bounded on the west by the 
"curve line," which line was the west- 




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t4# •• i *ts#* I 

ship was included in the patient 

This was bad enough to have an 
overlaying claim a mile wide right 
through the town, but that was not 
all. There was no definition of the 
line between Marlow and Stoddard. 
The inhabitants of the "Strip/'as the 
disputed territory was called, were 

em boundary of New Hampshire as 
conveyed to Mason by royal charter. 
The boundary was not settled till 
long after the Revolution; and then 
the judgment was considered most 
unjust to our town. A remonstrance 
was presented to the general court at 
Concord, dated Marlow, June 4, 1798, 
signed by Elijah Frink in behalf of 

Ma do w A n n ire rsa ry 


the petitioners. This petition may be 
found on our town records, and the 
spelling contained therein is certainly 
unique. Persons now engaged in re- 
forming the present method of spelling 
especially our ex-president of the 

day; but it did not. What Mario w 
wanted was peace 1 ; instead, it got 

During the thirty years that this 
row about metes and bounds was going 
on, there was trouble about collecting 



Hon. James Burnap 

United States, Avould do well to con- 
sult this record. 

The last petition contained spelling 
of the same character, but it made 
use of still more vigorous language, 
which demonstrated how serious the 
situation was regarded by the peti- 
tioners. This ought to have melted 
the hearts of the legislators of that 

taxes and also about selecting a 
representative. Stoddard was not 
the only neighbor with whom Marlow 
quarreled. A petition dated Dec. 11, 
1776, protests decidedly against a Cup- 
pleing of veraes Towns toGether in 
the western Parts of Coloney and 
allowing but one Representative to a 
Cuppling" and begging that warrants 

Hon. James Burnap, a native of the town of Nelson, born September 6, 1S16, a son of Pious U. and Sally Burnap, settled in Marlow 
at the age of twenty-one years, and. engaged in the tanning business in company with his ol Jer brother, Josiah, whose interest he sub- 
sequently purchased. The business, in which J. M. Howard was later a partner for a few years became the leading man ifact-uring 
industry of the town, givms employm'-at to a large number of men. Mr. B iruap was a:tive in public afairs,. serving as selectman, 
representative in the legislature. State Senator in 1573 and 1577 and member of the executive council in 1879 and !889. He was Drasi- 
dent of the Guaranty Savings Bank of Keene, and a director of the Citizen's National Bank. He took much interest in agric lltare, 
owning several farms, and was a member of the Grange as well as of the Masonic Order. He marriei Mary A., a daughter of Emerson 
and Delia (Way) G.iman of Lowell, Mass. He died at Ma'low, October 28, 1894, leaving one daughter— Misa Sarah Abbie Burnap— 
cow a resident of Keene. 


Tke Granite Monthly 

be issued so each town may 
individual representation. 

Another petition, dated Feb. 3, 
1778,. winds up with the emphatic 
declaration: "N: B as marlow is the 
oldest Charter of any Town that Joins 
on it we think it very improper that 
other Towns Should InCroach on our 
Rights & Privileges &C." It is curi- 
ous to note that in every one of these 
petitions in which the inhabitants of 
Marlow are so strenuously defending 
their dignity they write the name of 
their town with a small m, while thev 

have Continental army, all members of the 

regiment of Colonel Bellows of \Yal~ 
pole. The names of all appear in the 
records to be found in the state 

The Declaration of Independence 
created a third trouble for the towns 
in this neighborhood. The colonies 
were absolved from allegiance to 
British authority, and, inasmuch as 
these towns existed by virtue of royal 
charter, they were left in a "'state- 
of nature" when obligations to the 
crown ceased. The inhabitants of the 

. •• . 

Ashuelot River and the Hills Beyond 

refer to their neighbors in capitals. 

It would seem as if Marlow had 
troubles enough of her own, but she 
was fortunate in one thing, she never 
suffered from Indian raids. She had 
hardly got on her feet as a town, how- 
ever, before the Revolution broke out. 
In reply to an inquiry of July 31, 1775, 
Marlow sent word " There is Forty 
Seven men fit to Bear arms." This 
probably included all the adult males 
in town, because an inventory re- 
turned only two years before men- 
tions only ''thirty-four poles," or men 
of voting age. As a matter of fact, 
the town furnished 28 men for the 

towns along the Connecticut had long 
been dissatisfied with the treatment 
received at the hands of the Continen- 
tal congress in regard to their repre- 
sentation. Complaint was made that 
towns in the eastern part of the state, 
having no greater population than 
they, were allowed a representative,, 
while here, several towns were classed 
together to send one representative. 
Marlow took action in remonstrating 
Jan. 11, 1776, by appointing a com- 
mittee to act with committees from 
neighboring towns in relation to the 

On Dec. 11, 1776, a petition signed 

Ma rlow A n niversa ry 


by the committees from Marlow, 
Alstead and Surry, was sent to con- 
gress, and March 10, 1778, the difficul- 
ty culminated by these towns request- 
ing their representative to withdraw. 
The matter is too long to enter into 
here and probably at this day few 

miles of the river to send delegates to 
a convention to be held at Cornish, 
this town was represented. Conten- 
tion and turmoil only resulted from 
these councils. Appeal was finally 
made to Washington, and through his 
influence the leaders of the revolt were 



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Hon. Amos F. Fiske 

remember that w r e came near having a 
new state bordering on the Connecti- 
cut, made of those New Hampshire 
grants that felt they had no place in 
the territory dominated by Ports- 
mouth and the aristocratic coast set- 
tlements. When the invitation was 
extended for towns within twenty 

induced to yield; and the towns east 
of the river returned their allegiance 
to New Hampshire. By this action 
the Connecticut river became, as 
nature intended it, the permanent 
boundary bweeen the adjoining states. 
The subject would hardly be worth 
dwelling upon except to show r that 

Hon. Amos Flagg Fiske, son of Jonathan and Sally (Flagg) Fiske, was bom in Medfield, Mass., August 1, 1805. He went to 
Marlow in 1829 when he went into partnership with hs brother-in-law Franc^ D. Ellis, in a° general store on Marlow Hill. In 
1845, having : become sole proprietor, he removed the store to the ''Plains," cow Mariow Village, where he continued in business 
through life, also taking an act ve part in public, though not holding town office to any great exUut afi he belonged to tiie 
then minority party. He served upon the school committee several vears, and was also postmaster. He represented the old Tenth 
District in the State Senate in 1863— I. He was for many years a director of the Keene National Bmk. He was also prominent 
in the affairs of the Methodist Church of Marlow of which he wa* an active m <m ber and lib ral s ipporter. He died January 6, 
1873. Of his seven children, three daughters married respectively, Dr. Marshall f'erkias, Perley E. Fox, Es}., and Hon. Alfred F. 


The Granite Monthly 

history in the making' is not so easy 
as history in the reading. 

As the population of the state in- 
creased and communities became. bet- 
ter acquainted, local jealousies faded 
into the background. During the war 
of 1812 Marlow furnished soldiers for 
the defence of Portsmouth. Those 
who enlisted were enrolled in the 
companies of Capt. Nathan Glidden 
and Capt. James 2VL Warner. The 
list numbers 17. Their names all 
appear in the state records. 

The church history of Marlow is 
varied and interesting. Unlike most 
New England towns, the leading influ- 
ence here had not been Congrega- 
tional. The first church organization 
appears to have been Baptist. On 

as the hero of the occasion amid great 

In the autumn of 17SI Rev. Eleazer 
Beekwith was settled,, and a meeting 
house was built, which was set east 
of the Dr. Baker place on the north 
side of the road. For some reason 
the structure was never completed. 
The building was occupied some years 
as a church, then as a schoolhouse; 
but, going to ruin, it was finally sold 
to Dr. Baker and Samuel Richardson, 
each of whom from its timbers con- 
structed a barn. These barns had 
been constructed long before I was 
born, but I remember the site of the 
old meeting house, and my father then 
owned the Samuel Richardson place, 
and the barn referred to was near our 

'.% * 


I. O. O. F. Kail 

Methodist Church 

Jones Hall 

Oct. 20, 1777, twenty-two persons 
joined the covenant of that society, 
which number was gradually increased 
until in 1800 there were 292 persons 
enrolled, including residents from all 
the adjoining towns. The first min- 
ister to have charge of the church in 
Marlow was Rev. Caleb Blood, who 
remained here for three years, or until 
the latter part of 17S0. 

In the war of the Rebellion, Marlow 
was well represented. The records 
show that 37 residents of the town 
enlisted and went to the front, while 
28 residents sent substitutes. I well 
remember that Joseph Wetherby was 
the first woiitnded soldier to return to 
Marlow and at an amateur theatrical 
performance held in the hall con- 
nected with the hotel he was presented 

house and often mentioned as a relic 
of the old church. 

Meanwhile a town meeting house 
was under way, which was begun in 
1792. The town was asked several 
times to aid in completing it, but on 
account of the diversity of religious 
opinion, no money was granted and 
the proprietors, or pew-owners, finally 
finished the structure, though not till 
about the year 1800. In 1845 it was 
taken down and removed to the Plains, 
used for a while as a sort of Union 
church and finally for the town hall. 

Elder Beekwith, as he was called, 
preached at the Baptist meeting house 
from 1781 till 1799, when he was dis- 
missed and removed to Unity. He 
had charge there for a year, when he 
was again called to Marlow, this time to 

Marlon* Anniversary 305 

the new or town me€ti*g house, where seemed to have no settled faith, 

he remained till 1S00. I have recently Finally a committee was appointed, 

had a very careful search made of the one from the Congregationalisms, one 

records of Lyme. Saybrook and Col- from the Baptists, and one from the 

Chester, and find no mention made. Universaiists, to procure a pastor; and 

eitherfof Elder Blood or Elder Beck- in order to unite the divergent beliefs 

Hon. George F. linker 

with, and it is therefore fair to assume they chose a Methodist, Rev. Paul 

that they did not come from any of Dustin. Mr. Dustin was called April 

these towns. 28, 1807, and preached over' the com- 

During this period the Baptists pounded — it is hardly right to say 

were gradually getting into the min- composed — church until the summer 

ority, and L niversalism was beginning of 1810. 
to see the light. The town church Up to 1880 no less than seven Meth- 

Hon. George F. Tinker, one of Marlow'a most successful native sobs was born February 13, 1S34. His parents were Nathan and 
Mary A. (Stone) Tinker. He was reared to farm life, but secured a good public school and academic eduction, teaching district school 
winters, while pursuing the latter. In 1855 he removed to New London. Ct., with his parents, and there his life has been passed. He 
engaged in the meat and provision business with his father, and has continued therein for fifty-five years. In 1880 he enlarged his busi- 
ness operations by establishing a broom factory which he has also successfully conducted to the present time. He is also prominently 
identified with the banking interests of his adopted city, having been for many years president of the Union Bank. He has been 
active in public affairs having been chosen to the New London Common Council in 1S74, and subsequently to the Board of Aldermen; 
while in 1 *-b8 he was elected Mayor, serving 'three years. During his entire municipal service of eighteen years, he was not absent from 
a single session, or 3 single committee meeting, lie also served in 1S79 and 1880 a,s a member of the State Legislature, and was Chair- 
man of the Committee on Banks during both sessions. Mr. Tinker is, and has been for many years president of the board of trustees 
of the Buikeley High School, of the ( orporatiors cf the Smith Memorial Home, of the Young Men's Christian Association, Chairman 
of the Board of Management of the Memorial Hospital, and Superintendent of the Sunday School of the First Congregational Church. 


The Granite Monthly 

odist ministers who Bad preached in 
Marlow had later become presiding 
elders, and some had achieved dis- 
tinction in other lines. 

But by far the greatest contribution 
of Marlow to Methodism was Bishop 
Osman Oleander Baker, one of the 
most eminent men that the church has 
produced. Bishop Baker was the son 
of Dr. Isaac and Abigail (Kidder) 
Baker, and was born at Marlow, Julv 
30, 1812. He was educated at Wil- 
braham academy in Massachusetts 
and Wesley an university in Connecti- 
cut. Beside filling pastorates hi our 
own state, where he was presiding 
elder of the Dover district in 1846, he 
was professor and president of the 
seminary at Newbury, Vt., for ten 
years, from 1834 to 1844. He was 
professor in the General Biblical insti- 
tute at Concord from 1849 to 1817 
and president from 1849 to 1852. In 
the latter year he was consecrated 
bishop at Boston. He continued in 
active service for fourteen years, or 
until his health failed in 1866. He 
died at Concord, which had been his 
home for nearly a quarter century, on 
Dec. 20, 1871. Bishop Baker' was 
a fine scholar, and possessed great 
energy and executive ability. He did 
vigorous work in organizing churches 
in the West. 

In the matter of education the town 
began early; and in 1772 it was voted 
to have six months' schooling. It 
was also voted to build a schoolhouse 
which was to be placed near. the old 
Mack mill place; this was never car- 
ried into execution. In 1794 five 
schools were established, all held at 
private houses, excepting the one at 
Baker's Corner, which was held in the 
old meeting house. In 1796 it was 
voted to build four schoolhouses, and 
these were probably the first temples 
of learning in Marlow. 

The first academy or high school 
in Marlow was opened in 1838 by Rev. 
Giles Bailey, a Univer^alist preacher 
of Acworth, in the hall of Edmund 
Jones' hotel. 
' The number of doctors has been so 

few that it speaks volumes for the 
life-giving qualities of Marlow air. 
Dr. Benjamin Hazelton was probably 
the first physician to settle in town: 
:md, though the precise date of his 
coming was unknown, it could not 
have been far from the close of the 
Revolution. Isaac Baker was his 
student in 1790, and soon after suc- 
ceeded to his practice. Doctor Baker 
settled in that part of the town which 
soon became known as Baker's Corner. 
He soon acquired a large practice and 
lived to a good old age, highly esteeir ed 
by the whole community. Doctor 
Baker was a prominent Methodist and 
he lived to see the early honors be- 
stowed on his son. Bishop Osman C. 
Baker, previously mentioned. Doctor- 
Baker was succeeded by his son-in-law. 
Dr. Thomas J. Stevens, who came to 
town in 1S29 and settled on Marlow 
Hill, where he lived till 1838, when he 
moved to the Plains. In 1844 Doctor 
Stevens sold his practice to Dr. Reu- 
ben Hatch, and moved to Chariest own, 

In 1850 Doctor Hatch was suc- 
ceeded by Dr. Marshall Perkins of 
Croyden. As another speaker will re- 
fer particularly to Doctor Perkins I 
can only say that he was a man of 
high ideals, faithful and skillful in his 
profession, and died having the respect 
of the whole community. You have 
had several physicians since his death, 
but I understand that at the present 
time the town has none of that pro- 
fession settled here. This speaks well 
for the good health of the town. 

Marlow has been the birthplace of 
several doctors who have achieved 
success elsewhere. Zephaniah and 
Michael Tubbs practiced, one in New 
York and the other in Deering, this 
state. Dr. Wister Stevens, son of Dr. 
Thomas J. Stevens, studied several 
years in Germany, and became a not- 
ed surgeon in Charlestown. Mass. 

The mercantile history of the town 
is a varied one. The first dealer in 
country store commodities seems to 
have been Xicodemus Miller, who had 
been a merchant in Connecticut, and 

Marlow Anniversary 


brought his stock of goods here, which 
consisted -chiefly of "rumhe and u:e- 


according to the tastes of the 

times. The first regular " truck and 
Barter" merchant was Nathaniel 
Evans, who occupied a room in Silas 
Mack's new house built in 1779. He 
soon removed to the Corner, where 

store, which (the Richardson place) 
served for store and tavern. In addi- 
tion to being a merchant and a land- 
lord Mr. Richardson was also the pro- 
prietor of a potashery. It may be 
mentioned that one of the partners in 
the Evans or Baker store, from 1834 
to 1836, was Edward II. Savage, who 

Dr. Marshall Perkins 

he continued in business till .1802. 
The Evans store was a landmark till 
1837, when Willard A. Baker, the last 
proprietor, closed out his business and 
Baker's Corner ceased to be a commer- 
cial center. In 1803 the first public 
house was opened here by Samuel 
Richardson, who had put up a build- 
ing across the road from the Evans 

afterwards became Boston's chief of 
police. I am quite well acquainted 
with the history of these old buildings 
and sites. The store occupied and 
finally closed by Willard A. Baker was 
afterwards burned, and the old cellar 
was my playground as a boy. The 
potashery referred to above had also 
gone to decay, but I spent many hours 

Marshall Perkins, M. D., was born in Croydon, May 13, 1323. He was educated in the publ'.c schools, Kimball Union Academy 
and Norwich University, §rad jating f ruin the lafcta?. He studied medicine with Doctor Baker of Meriiea and at Boston Medical 
College, craJuatin^ from the latter in 1850, when he settled in Ma-low. where he continued through life, except three years' service 
as Aast. Sucgeon in the Faarteentb N\ 11. Rsgimsnt in the Civil War. He gained an extensive practice, and held a high 
place in the comm mity, serving for twenty y.-ars a school omm ti?3 and in otv.-r pai t ;>n3. H; was ! m? a rn?mb3r of the Con- 
necticut Valley Medical Association. Hl- died June 11, 1902. In December, 1856, he married Harriet A. Fiake by whom he had 
nine children. 



The Granite Monthly 

in delving over the ashes and ruins of 
this plant. The blacksmith shop oc- 
cupied by my father was situated on 
the southeast corner of the roads 
crossing each other at this point, and 
between the potashery and the old 
cellar. I can just remember the visit 
of Edward H. Savage, who was then 
chief of police of Boston, to the scenes 
of his early manhood, and the marked 
attention which he received on that 

Meanwhile there was activity on 
Marlow Hill proper. Jonathan Bailey 
kept a store here as early as 1796. 
In 1822 Thomas Walker and Francis 
D. Ellis began business as merchants 
in a store which stood a little west 
from the old meeting house. Subse- 
quently Amos F. Fiske, who came 
from Medneld, Mass., in 1S23, was 
admitted as partner, and in 1834 be- 
came sole owner. 

Town meetings were held in the old 
meeting house on the Hill till about 
1840. The last town meeting held 
there lasted two days ; and there was 
great excitement, when during the 
first afternoon, it was voted to adjourn 
to Jones' hotel at South Marlow, as 
the village was then called. The Hill 
party made a desperate struggle to 
retain their ascendancy, but it seems 
to be the law of nature here in New 
England that business should seek the 
lower levels, even though, as in the 
case of Marlow, there has been no 
railroad to draw it hence. 

It may be mentioned here that 
when we speak of the Plains, it is only 
for purposes of comparison. We all 
have a right to think "highly" of 
Marlow, for the average elevation is 
1,500 feet above sea level. Even the 
lowest part, in the southeast corner, 
is 975 feet, and from that the hills rise 
in various degrees till we reach the 
highest point on Huntley mountain, 
2,100 feet. There is no reason for 
any of us to be reckoned among the 
lowly. It is only necessary to men- 
tion that our beautiful Ashuelot river 
enters the town from Washington at 
a height of 1,300 feet and flows out 

through Gilsum at less than a thou- 
sand to show that we have good water 

In 176S a move was made by the 
proprietors towards building a grist 
mill, which was probably located a 
short distance south from the Mack 
mill. The first to utilize the power 
furnished by the Ashuelot in this vil- 
lage was Andrew Town, who, in 1795, 
erected a saw and grist mill, but as 
early as 1816 they began to build 
other mills until there was quite a 
number in this village and vicinity. 

The tanning business, until recent 
years, had always held an important 
place among Marlow's industries. As 
early as 1790 Asa Mastin had a small 
tannery at Baker's Corner, and about 
fifteen years later Phineas Stone es- 
tablished one down near the school- 
house, in District No. 7, and in 1820 
a third was started near the Phelps 
rake shop. The first tannery built at 
the present Marlow village was built 
in 1835 by L. Huntley. In 1837 James 
Burnap, a native of Nelson, came to 
Marlow 7 and formed a partnership 
with Wells H. Way and bought the 
tannery. After Mr. Way's retire- 
ment Josiah Burnap entered into 
partnership with his brother, which 
arrangement continued till 1856. I 
well remember the ruins of the tan- 
nery at Baker's Corner belonging to 
Asa Mastin. It was located on the 
farm afterwards owned and occupied 
by his son, Chauncey Mastin. The 
old bark mill was still standing when 
I was a boy, and one other building 
used in connection with the same. 

Mr. Burnap had many and exten- 
sive business interests. He was a 
representative from Marlow in 1861 
and 1862 and state senator in 1876 
and 1877 and member of the gover- 
nor's council in 1879. 

John Quincy Jones for a long time 
was one of our most valued citizens. 
Born in 1817, he spent his early years 
in teaching district schools, thereby 
acquiring considerable reputation. 
He was afterwards employed by his 
brother Edmund, who built the first 

Marlow A 



hotel in the village, the Ashuelot 
House, in 1833. J. Q. Jones was 
deeply interested in the old militia, 
and rose through successive grades to 
be brigade quartermaster. He filled 
all the elective town offices, was rep- 
resentative in 1859-60, '64 and '65. 
delegate to the constitutional conven- 
tion in 1S76, and was one of the town's 
most respected citizens. I was also 
a member of that convention and my 
seat was near that of Mr, Jones, which 
gave me an excellent opportunity to 
renew our old acquaintance, and to 
still further respect the good judgment 
and sterling qualities of this most 
estimable gentleman . 

Marlow, like many other towns, 
should have a town history, which 
would go back into the past for the 
purpose of tracing the family history 
of the early settlers, and showing 
whence they came. Records of quite 
a number of the prominent families 
may be found in our state papers, but 
a long list of the sturdy yeomen who 
helped to build up the town are name- 
less in any of these documents. This 
would cost time and money, but it 
would be a precious legacy to future 

Dr. Isaac Baker married Miss Fan- 
nie Howard, my paternal aunt, for his 
second wife, and for that reason I was 
often at their house. I remember the 
military cloak which he wore, and 
going with him over his farm, in which 
he took great pride. Both of his sons, 
Willard A. and Kidder Baker, were 
living near him up to the time of his 

A dear old couple also lived near 
the Bakers, John Spaulding and wife, 
and here before an open wood fire I 
have spent many pleasant evenings. 
Mrs. Spaulding's cooking was all done 
before an open fire, and the meals 
served to me by that dear old lady 
are fresh in my mind today. 

Peter T. Fitch, a blind preacher, 
who braided whip lashes for a living 
when he was not preaching, was also 
a neighbor, and held evening meetings 

each week at the houses of church go- 
ing people in that vicinity. 

Frederick B. T. Miller was one of 
my father's close friends, and I sup- 
pose was a son of Xicodemus Miller 
referred to above. He had peculiari- 
ties, but was a man of great natural 
ability, prone sometimes to indulge in 
intoxicants, but on the whole a good 
citizen. Nearly every stormy day he 
spent at my father's blacksmith shop, 
where our neighbors were accustomed 
to congregate, and I often heard them 
joke Miller in regard to the last town 
meeting held on Marlow Hill. 

One Oren Gale was a peddler, and 
his name had been placed on the check 
list against the protests of many, 
including Miller. When Gale at- 
tempted to vote, Miller stood on the 
backs of the pews and swinging his 
arms, cried, "I deject his vote. Oren 
Gale has been all over (that prover- 
bial hot place) and Vermont, and is a 
D. transient fellow anyway." I think 
Gale was allowed to vote, but this per- 
formance of Miller's lasted a lifetime. 

Abijah Gustin was a son of the orig- 
inal John Gustin, and lived on the old 
Gustin farm, 

Samuel "Brackett and Ezra Miller 
were men'of character and good cit- 

My paternal grandfather, who was 
born in New London, Conn., in 1757, 
and his wife, Hannah Beckwith, born 
in Lyme, Conn., in 1762, came to 
Marlow on horseback as early settlers, 
owned and cleared the farm opposite 
the Brown farm. 

The Macks deserve a place in the 
town history. They were able men. 
Amasa Mack married my mother's 
aunt, which gave me the opportunity 
to know this family thoroughly. 

The Tinkers, the Messers, the 
Richardsons, the Mastins and many 
others all deserve places in the history 
of Marlow. 

Some of the early settlers' houses 
were really palaces for those days. 
Doctor Baker's house, painted white, 
with its tali poplars in front, and 
long connecting shed and carriage 


The Granite Monthly 

house, with its polished floors and fine 
architecture, comes in this class. The 
Miller house was of the same class, but 
not painted and kept up like that of 
Doctor Baker. It is supposed that 
these houses were built about 1812. 

The Ebenezer Beckwith house, 
known to many of us as the Dudley 
Lewis house, was of fine architecture 
and workmanship, painted red with 
white trimmings, and a credit to the 
party who designed and built it. It is 
supposed to have been built between 
lim and 1795. 

The Amos Gale place, known to 
me as the Richard Tinker place, was 
another ' house of the same style of 
architecture as Doctor Baker's, and 
built about the same time. 

There was a house on Marlow Hill 
which at the time of my recollection 
■was owmed and occupied by Alclen 
Huntley. I remember the Marlow 
Hill postoffice was located at this 

As a child the most remarkable 
house to me was that now owned and 
occupied by Mrs. Harriet Perkins. 
When this house was in process of 
construction it is said the younger 
people as they passed by wondered 
how any man could acquire sufficient 
wealth to build a brick house of that 
size. Since I began writing this paper 
I have been still further surprised to 
learn that the bricks that entered into 
the construction of this house, as well 
as the bricks that entered into the 
construction of Mr. P. T. Fox's house 
east of the village, were made on the 
Fox farm and no doubt Mr. Fox 
made or assisted in making them. 

Marlow had its characters. Almon 
•Smith, otherwise known as "Peg" 
.Smith, probably stood at the head of 
this list. I have very pleasant recol- 
lections of the fun he made, but leave 
his peculiarities to be described by 

The character that impressed me 
most was "Aunt Sally Brigham." 
When a small boy I remember she 
visited frequently at our house. She 
had a tongue that was sharper than 

a needle, and woe be to the person 
that incurred her displeasure. I re- 
member my mother would tell us that 
she was to pay us a visit on a cer- 
tain day, charging us to behave our- 
selves. On one occasion I did not 
heed this admonition, and was sent 
out of the room, and after staying a 
while my mother called me back, but 
it was to receive the most withering- 
look and hear the most sarcastic 
remarks from Sally in regard to my 
conduct . She had a particuliar grudge 
against doctors, and it is common 
report that she carried her old teeth 
with her to exhibit when she started 
on a tirade against them, and stated 
that this was the result of these 
scoundrels giving her "marcury," as 
she called it. 

Selden Brown was a frequent visitor 
at my father's blacksmith shop, and 
as a hunter and fisher he won my boy- 
hood affection. He was a great joker, 
and did not hesitate to make a mark 
of his most intimate friends. It is 
said that one one occasion he went to 
his brother-in-law, the late Amos F. 
Fiske, and wanted to sell him four 
horse shoes. Mr. Fiske bought them, 
and afterwards learned to his sorrow 
that they had been removed from his 
own horse. 

The first boat I ever rowed, or 
sailed, the first time I ever skated, 
and the first time I ever fished, was 
on or in Gustin pond. I have not 
visited this pond for many years, but 
its placid waters, the woods and 
ledges that lined its shores, and the 
white lilies growing on the north 
side, are as familiar, to me today as 
they were when I fished from the 
ledges, and plucked the lilies to carry 
home to my mother and sisters. 

I know I have already exhausted 
your patience, but in closing allow 
me to express the hope that the town 
history will be written, and its rec- 
ords, its cemeteries and everything 
that will give information to future 
generations in reference to our ances- 
tors, carefully preserve. 


Marlow Anniversary 311 

Following the historical address a dwelling upon the agencies that most 
vocal solo of rare merit, was given by contribute to the welfare and pros- 
Miss Elizabeth Morrison, a singer of perity of a town. 

wide rer.utation. after which Rev. Dr. A fine display of fireworks, an inter- 

A. H. Morrill of Franklin, son of a esting concert, and a social dance in 

former pastor of the Christian Church the evening concluded the festivities 

in Marlow, who spent a portion of his of the day, which will long be regorded 

boyhood years in town, gave a short as a "red-letter day" in the town of 

but earnest and helpful address, Marlow. 


By Frances M. Pray 

Upon the hillsides, far and near, 

Are splashes, bright, of red and gold- 

The messages, by Summer sent. 
To tell that she is growing old. 

& j 

Dear summer days, so quickly past, 

'Tis hard, so soon, to let you go; 
But with your death comes Earth's rich crown 

Which otherwise we could not know. 

And thus slip past our years of life, 

So seldom do we think how fast, 
Until the day when silent signs 

The message brings, they're well-nigh past. 

But let us not, with vain regrets, 
Wish back what never can be more. 

Instead, with brave hearts, let us reap 
The harvest from our autumn store. 


By Maude Gordon Roby 

Go to sleep my honey-boy, 

Close your laughing blue eyes, 
For the sand-man grim is coming this way 

To scatter the sand from the skies. 
Just you cuddle in mammy's neck — 

That's it now, never fear — 
And when the sand-man hurries past 

He'll say; ''He's asleep, the dear!" 




By Charles R. Easlman 

The founder of the Eastman fam- 
ily in this country, as is well known, 
was Roger Eastman (1610-1694), one 
of the original proprietors at Salis- 
bury, Mass., in 163S. In an article 
contributed last year to the Granite 
Monthly it was shown that the pioneer 
colonist was the son of Nicholas, 
and grandson of Roger Eastman of 
Charlton, Wiltshire, whose will and 
also that of the emigrant's great- 
grandfather, John Eastman, are extant. 

It is possible by means of probate, 
church and court records, which are 
preserved in English archives, to trace 
continuously, from the middle of the 
16th century onward, two parallel 
lines of Eastmans, both residing in the 
immediate neighborhood of Salisbury, 
and obviously sprung from a common 
stock. The ultimate progenitor of 
each lineage of whom records have 
come down to us was named John. 
One of these Johns lived in Nunton, 
the other in Charlton, parish of 
Downton, where his father had lived 
before him and lies buried in the 
parish church. This we know from 
his will, dated April 26, 1564, and 
proved May 8, 1565. 

John of Charlton, who died in 1565, 
w T as the emigrant Roger's great-grand- 
father. John, Sr., of Nunton, who 
died two years earlier, is of unknown 
relationship to his namesake of the 
adjoining village, but the two may 
well have been cousins. A literal 
transcript of the will of this John Sr. 
of Nunton is given below, and also 
an abstract of the will of one Moses 
Eastman of Nunton. copies of both 
documents having been furnished by 
Mr. C. A. Hoppin during the course 
of his research. The second instru- 
ment contains the name of Rooke, 
which is of interest because it is 
supposed to have been the family 
name of the emigrant's mother, Bar- 
bara Eastman. 

Concerning localities it may be 

remarked that Charlton, Week, Nun- 
ton and "Bottenham" (the modernized 
form is Bodenham) are small hamlets 
in the hundred of Downton, lying 
to the southward of Salisbury. East 
and West Harnham, and the village 
of "Birtford" or "Burtford," now 
Britford, are in the parish of Brit- 
ford, all within a radius of a few miles 
from Old Sarum, the modern Salis- 
bury. The following description of 
Charlton is taken from Hoare's His- 
tory of Wiltshire, vol. 3: — 

"To the north of Week, and 
occupying a parallel line from the 
down to the river Avon, lies the tyth- 
ing of Charlton, which I presume to 
have been originally CeorVs-town, or 
residence of the husbandmen who 
tilled the land of this portion of the 
episcopal possessions. At the time 
of the general survey, this tything 
was held by military service, of which 
the copyholds still retain a vestige, 
being all knightam-hold lands, and 
descending to the eldest son. Charl- 
ton at that time formed a portion 
of the fourteen hides of land held by 
William deBraose under the Bishop." 

We may also quote a paragraph 
from another volume of the same 
work: "To Alfred, the renowned 
West Saxons, we owe 
of our Kingdom into 
shires; into centuriae 
and into d.eceruws or 
tythings; ten of each last were allot- 
ted to each hundred." 

The original will of John Eastman 
Sr., of Nunton, is on file with the 
Archdeaconry Court of Sarum, Book 
4, folio 117, and reads as follows: 


In the name of god amen the xxiiith daye 
of the monethe of D^cembre in the yere of 
or lord god meccccbdi I, John Eastman the 
elder of the py.she [parish] of Nunton, beynge 

King of the 
the division 
satrajjias, or 
or hundreds; 

Wills of Early English Eastmans 


of whole mynd and good & pfitt remembrance 
laude & prayse be unto almighte god make 
and ordaine th's my present testament con- 
teyninge herin my last will in hianer & forme 
folowynge, that ys to save fTyrst I recommend 
my sowle unto almyghtie god my maker & 
redemer and my body to be buryed in the 
churehe of Saynt Andrew of Nimton. 

Item I geve unto or lady church of Sarin 
[Salisbury Cathedral] xiid. Item I geve 
unto the pi.she church of Downton iiis iiiid. 
Item I will that xvs be payd by myne executor 
to the forsaid churche of Saint Andrew of 
Nun ton. Also I wyll that all suehe detts 
and duties as I owe of right or concience to 
any pson or psons to be well <fc trewly con- 
tented and paid by myne executors hereafter 

of wheat to be devyded betwene them. Item. 
I geve to John Eastman of west harnam 
[Harnham] and Roger Eastman his brother 
of Downton an aker of wheat to be devyded 
betwene them. Item I geve to water [Walter} 
Eastman and Willm Eastman of Charleton 
a halfe aker of wheate. Item I geve to Ther- 
ame [Jeremy?! poores children of byrtford 
a shepe apece. Item I geve to Morris fygge 
xxs and to ambrose his brother ii shepe. 
Item I geve to John Siodlye a Close of wheat 
named eostelove. Item I geve Margaret 
b&rae of Charleton an aker of wheat. Item 
I geve to evry one of Water Eastman's chil- 
dren of the pyshe of Saynt Andrew a bullocke 
a pece. Item 1 geve to Thomas Carpenters 
children hi akeres of wheat to be devvdeel 

** 1 1 • 



Old Church Home of the Eastmans, Downton, England 

named or els ordayned for to be paid without 
any delaye or contradictions. 

Item I geve a quarter of wheate ii quarters 
of barlye and ii busshels of pese to be devyded 
amongst the poore whereas neede ys in this 
pyshe of Saynt Andrew. Item I geve to 
evry of my godchildren a shepe a pece. Item 
I geve to Raffe Eastman of Charleton ii akers 
of wheat and a cowe. Item I give to harry 
Eastman of Salysbury vi shepe. Item I 
geve to John Chubbe of botnam [Bodenhamj 
a bolt [illegible, perhaps bullj and a blacke 
heyffer & a cowe. Item I geve to his daugh- 
ter Edyth an ewe shepe. Item I geve to 
Ales Eastman of Charleton a heyffer bollocke 
and an aker of wheat. 

Item I geve to John Eastman and Rychard 
Eastman of the barrowe of Downton an aker 

amongst them. Item I geve to John pyn- 
horne a akere of wheat. Item I geve to Johne 
[Joan] Eastman the daughter of Roger East- 
man vs. Item I geve to Thomas paye vis 
viiid. Item I geve to John Whyelar vis 
viiid. Item I geve to Marye lynne vis viiid. 
Item I geve to John Barlye a halfe [acre] of, 
wheat. Item I geve to Antonye .Whyelar 
a halfe aker of wheat. Item I give to leonard 
Whyelar a halfe aker of wheat. Item I 
geve to Steven Whealer a halfe aker of wheate. 
Item I will that a Cople of Oxen be dis- 
tributed amongest the poore. Item I geve to 
John Chubbe of botnam [Bottenham, now 
Bodenham] a brasse pan of a busshel & a 
halfe. Item I geve to [blank] lytle [Little] 
the best cawdron. Item I make and ordeyne 
Water Eastman & Thomas Carpenter to be 


77? e Granite Monthly 

royne executors And wyll that all my goods 
movable <& immovable unbequeathed to be 
distributed bet were them. And wyll that 
John pynhome John baunton v l c John Chiibbe 
to be niyne ovrsears and to have for their 
paynes taken in that behalfe evryone of them 
a cow, and I uttdy revoke & annul! all & 
evry other testaments, wylls, legaties, be- 
quests, executors and ovrsears by me in any 
wise before this tyme made, named, willed 
and bequeathed. These beinge wytuesses: 
John pynho'ne John baanton John Chubbe 
Sr Robart Philpes wth others. 
Probated February 16, 1562-3. 




Will filed with Archdeaconry Court of 
Sarum, 1692. 

Soul to God. 

I give to my nephew John Chubb of 
Xunton ffive pounds 

All the rest of my. goods & estate to my 
loveing friends John Woodlands of Downton 
and John Eastman of Bemertou, executors, 

to see my will pformed: and to each of them 
tenn shillings, after my debts and legacies 
are paid; the residue to be paid towards a 
debt duo uppn a Mortgage upon my copyhold 
land in Xunton made unto one William Rook 
[Rooke] of B re more. 

Witness hand & seal 17 September 1692. 
Moses EasTMAN 

f Tho. Xewham 
-\ the marke of William London 
l^the marke of Edith Judd 

In case my child that my wife now goeth 
with shall happen to dept this life before it 
shall attaine the age of one & twenty yeares, 
then I give all the Goods of tho house I now 
live in to Elizabeth Chubb daughter of my 
loveing wife. 

Moses Eastman 

Witnesses: Thos. Xewham, John London. 
Probated 10 January, 1692. 

Inventory annexed, total £201- 
15-07, shows that the dwelling-house 
was at Bodenham. 


By Reginald F. Ckutter 

Far away in the heart of the mountains, 

Where nature alone is queen, 
There lives the Old Man of the Mountain, 

Whose features are stern but serene. 

God only has graven his visage 

And carved the lines on his face: 
'Twas the chisel of the Infinite Sculptor 

That lent to the granite its grace. 

For years and for years he has been there, 

Enthroned on the crest of the hill, 
While the clear rippling lake at his footstool 

Has mirrored his likeness at will. 

Many conflicts he's waged with the elements, 
The thunder, the lightning, the rain, 

And the seasons in turn have tried tactics, 
Yet to mar him they labor in vain. 

Thus indeed he is sovereign of mountains 

And reigns as a monarch supreme; 
The Grand Old Man of New Hampshire, 

The man whom the world doth esteem. 



By Asa Mayo Bradley. 

March 15 1G96--7 was a fateful 
•day for the little settlement of Haver- 
hill. The story of the capture, and 
subsequent escape of Mrs. Thomas 
Dustin has been told in the July 
issue of the Granite Monthly by 
E. W. B. Taylor. At the same time 
the home of Joseph Bradley was de- 
stroyed; the wile, Hannah Bradley, 
captured; and two children, aged 
respectively four years, and eighteen 
months, murdered. Near Penacook 
the captors of Airs. Dustin separated 
from the main body, the latter trav- 
eling further north. 

Two years later, Mrs. Bradley was 
back in Haverhill, as the birth record 
of Martha, November 7, 1699, evi- 
dences. Joseph Bradley had been 
appointed to command Garrison house 
No. 5, situated in the northeasterly 
part of the town near the present N w 
Hampshire line; out of sight and hear- 
ing of the village, and particularly 
exposed to attack from prowling bands 
of Indians. 

On the afternoon of February 8, 
1703-4, only one man — Jonathan 
Johnson — and the women and chil- 
dren being about the house, a party of 
six Indians finding the gate open 
rushed in. Mrs. Bradley was boiling 
soap, and going to Johnson's assist- 
ance, scalded the first man with the 
hot fluid so that he died. She was 
not as successful with the second, and 
seeing Johnson fall, fled with her 
sister, each carrying a child in her 
arms, and hid in a thicket in the rear 
of the house. The sister was dis- 
covered, and ordered to come out. 
Mrs. Bradley, realizing that the sister 
had been mistaken for herself, told 
her to stay in hiding, she going out 
and surrendering herself. The child 
in her arms was immediately disposed 
of; but, having no knowledge of the 
sister, no further search was made 
by the Indians, and the girl with the 
-child, Martha, escaped. 

The captives were taken by forced 

marches on snow-shoes twenty days 
journey north to the village of the 
tribe. Here, under great hardship, 
and without woman's aid or sympathy 
she gave birth to a child. All that 
a heroic mother could do, she did, to 
preserve the life of the babe; but 
innutrition, exposure, and torture, 
soon ended the struggle. It is re- 
corded that a favorite amusement of 
her tormentors was to snap hot embers 
into the little mouth as it emitted 
plaintive cries for nourishment. Soon 
after the corn was planted, the tribe 
suffered from an attack by Indians 
friendly to the English, and hastily 
lied to Canada. The French treated 
Airs. Bradley with so much consider- 
ation that her mistress, angered 
through jealousy, refused to sell her. 
In an epidemic of fever the mistress 
died; but another squaw claimed her 
by right of inheritance, and her con- 
dition was in no way improved. At 
length she met a French priest whom 
she had known during her former 
captivity, and through his influence 
she was sold to the French. Though 
still in slavery, she now had the neces- 
saries of life. 

The General Court, in January, 
1701-5. appointed Mr. John Sheldon 
special agent to go to Quebec, and 
negotiate the redemption of captives. 
He was to have two servants, and to 
be accompanied by two French pris- 
oners. Joseph Bradley of Haverhill, 
and John Wells of Deerfield, were 
commissioned as attendants, pre- 
sumably because the captives were 
largely from Haverhill and Deerfield. 
We have no record of the journey, 
but the party was reported as being 
in Quebec May 13, and an item in 
Bradley's expense account is snow- 
shoes. The return was by ship to 
Boston. The French Governor's 
record accounts for forty-three cap- 
tives ransomed, but Sheldon brought 
in forty-four. Judge Sewell in his 
Diary writes,-^- 


The Granite Monthly 

"Her good Ilufband Mafter Bradley 
accompanying Air. Sheldon in his 
lafe Expedition, unexpectedly found 
his Wife and brought her home to 

In the summer of 1706, a night 
attack was made on Garrison No. 5. 
Only the Bradley family and one man 
were in the house. The}' were wakened 
by the dog, and in the moonlight 
the Indians were seen approaching the 
house. The assailants succeeded in 
partially forcing the door; and. as the 
foremost was crowding himself through 
the opening, Mrs. Bradley shot, and 
killed him. This had the effect of 
discouraging his associates. 

In 1738 Hannah Bradley, then a 
widow, petitioned the General Court 
for a land grant, and 250 acres were 
awarded her, "in Consideration of 
the Very great Sufferings, as well as 
Services of the Petitioner." This 
land was in two plots, situated in the 
town of Alethuen, 160 acres at the 
east end of the town on the Haverhill 
line, and 90 acres at the extreme west 
adjoining Dracut. 

There is a family tradition that 
Joseph Bradley traveled to Canada 
on snow-shoes, with only his faithful 
dog for company, dragging a hand-sled, 
upon which was a bag of snuff as 
present to the governor of Canada. 
It seems too bad to dispel the glam- 
our which our fancies throw about 
this little story, but truth is uncom- 
promising even to cruelty. An in- 
teresting document in this connection 
is the expense account of the Sheldon 

"Resolved — That the sum of Thirty 
and five Pounds, be Allowed <k Paid, 
out of the Publeck Treasury to M r . 
John Sheldon, the sum of Twenty 
Pounds to John Wells, & the sum of 
Twenty Pounds to Joseph Bradley, 
over and above what They have had 
in fitting them out <xc a . as a full com- 
pensation for their Services mentioned 
in this Petition." 

In connection with the above are the 
individual claims, of which Bradley's 
is as follows: — 

"Expended 40 shillings beside Snow 

shoes <k Pumps which cost him 13 
shillings, and a Dog J 5 s and beside 
there was a Gun hired for the Voyage 
valued, at 50* which sd Gun was 
broken accidentally in y e discharging." 

It would appear from this that not 
even the faithful dog gave his services. 

The Deposition of which Mr. Tay- 
lor speaks had no connection with 
Dustin matters, but was for the bene- 
fit of Mrs. Alary Neff, Airs. Dustin's 
nurse and companion. After Airs. 
Bradley had secured her grant, Airs. 
Neff petitioned, and was awarded 
200 acres. 

Hannah Bradley is a striking figure 
to the student of the beginnings of 
New England. Womanhood seem- 
ingly brought her more than her 
share of hardship, and her experienc